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ffefm VOL. VII. FLOKENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, JUNE 18, 1898. NO. 25. 1 i I A .. FJ A. A. . & A j5 PROFESSIONAL CARDS- H. D. CASSIDAY, Florence. - - Abizoha. DISTRICT ATTORNEY, PINAL COUNTY Otlice in tho Coui't House. DR. ANCIL MAETIN, YE AKD EAR. PheMx, Arizona: GEO. M. BROCKWAY, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office bud residence at hospital Florence, Arizona GEO. SCOTT. JUSTICE OK THE PEACE, NOTARY Publio and Conveyancer. Dudleyville. A.T. DOCTOR MOlUilSON. 1HYSICIAN ASDiSCKGEOX. All Calls an-- swered promptly day or night. Kcsiileuce in the Guilds building just buck of C. R. Mi'dieaA Co.. store, Florence, A. T. The Valley Bank, PHCENIX, ARIZONA. Capital, - - - $ ioo.ooo Surplus, - - - 25,000 Vfit. Christy, President. M. H. Sherman, Vice-President. M. W. Mesbingeb, Cashier. Receive Deposits, Make Collections, Buy and -Sell Exchange, Discount Commercial Paper and do a General Banking Business. Office Hours, 9 a. m, to 3 p. m. tOEEESPONDENTS. American Exchange National Bank, N. Y. The Anglo-California Bank, San Francisco, California. Am. Exchange Nat'l Bank. Chicago, 111. First National Bank, Los Angeles. Bank of Arizona, L'retfcott, Arizona. Wheeler & Perry, Wholesale Dealers in STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES, CCSGEESS STREET, TUCSON, ARIZONA. Olivine entirely In carload lots, and with the Tucson jo W wars' tariff, enables us to lay down goods in Florence and vicinity at less 'than California prices. Elliott House, (South Side Railroad Track.) Casa Grande, - Arizona, W. V. ELLIOTT, Proprietor. First-class Accommodations for Commercial Travelers and the Gen. eral Public. Rooms newly furnished and kept neat and clean. Table supplied with the best the mar ket affords by an excellent American cook. FLORENCE RESTAURANT & BAKERY (Opposite Poetoffioe.) SING LEE, - - Proprietor. Everything neat and clean. Splendid cook lug and polite attention. Regular Meals, 25 Cents. BAKERY IN CONNECTION. "The best and Cheapest Bread In town (Ave cents a loaf). Cakes and Flos a specialty. Geo. ID. Koliler, Furnishes Your House Complete. Furniture, Carpets, MATTINGS CROCKERY, STOVES. GEORGE E. KOKLER, - Tucson, Cor. Stone Ave. and Congress Sts. C. B. MICHEA & CO" DEALERS IN Opposite Armory Hall, Main Street, Antonio, Chinaman DEALEB IS I Corner Oth and Bailey streets, Florence, ... Arizona. erclianaise nrall RFcnautuse Florence Hotel, Newly Furnished and Refitted. Will be run STRICTLY FIRST CLASS. Table supplied with the best the market affords. Elegantly Furnished Rooms AND ALL MODERN APPOINTMENTS. Bar Constantly Supplied With the Choicest Wines, Liquors and cimrs. Patronaee of Commercial men and the gen eral itublio rasecifiiliy solicited. L. K. DRAIS. Proprietor. THE ARIZONA NATIONAL BANK, or Tueson, Arizona. Capital Stock, - - - $ 50,000 Surplus and Profits, - - 7,500 OFFICERS: Babbon H. Jacobs, President. Fbkd Fleishman, Vice-President. Lionet. M. Jacobs, Cashier. J. M. Obusbt, Assistant-Cashier. Transacts a General Banking Business. Makes telegraphic transfers. Dram s For eign and Domestio Bills of Exchange. Accounts of Individuals. Firms and Cor porations solicited. WILLIAMS HOUSE. CURTIS G. POWELL, Prop. Rooms Furnished, Everything First-Class. Improvements Added Nicely Furnished Parlor lor the Ac commodation of Guests. Only White Help Employed Table board II per day ; board and lodging $L50 and upward according to room. ARIZONA CONSOLIDATED Stap an. Liyery Co. (Incorporated.) DAILY : STAGE BETWEEN Florence pnd Casa Grande Livery, Feed & . Sale Stables Florence anal Casa Crande. COMMERCIAL HOTEL, European Plan. GEO. H. A. LUHRS, - - Proprietor. Corner Center and Jefferson Streets. Phoenix, Arizona. Leading business and family hotel in Arl iona. Located In the business center Con tains one hundredroems. Tunnel Saloon. CHOICE WINES, LIQUORS AKD CIGARS. J.Q. KKATINC Proprietor Meat Market. Main Street, adjoining Thibuhe Office HENRY W. BRADY, Proprietor, Choicest Beef, Pork and Matt on a Specialty. Pinal Connty Building; fc Loaa Association. Florence. Pinal County, Arizona, I.T. Whittbmobb, President, C. D. Ksppy. Vice Pre.Mcnt D. C. Stbvbnh, Treasurer H. D. Cassidat, Secretary and Attorney Directors: Rev. I. T. Whittemore. C. D, Keppy. H. D. Casslday, D. C. Stevens, J. M Llle, 6. 0. Powell and R. T. Bollen. Office: With H. D. Casslday. Directors' regular meetings, first Monday Ineach month at 1 o'clock p. m i SHIPPING GOLD. How the Ooln la Moved About the World. The Mod of Packing Is Utile Kaowa Outside of Duklss Howes There Are Trieste la the Bnslnese. The men who receive the gold say that gold comes to this country as a means of final settlement, uur ropean correspondents pay with secur ities and bills of exchange," said' a banker, "as long as they can do so, and when there ceases to be any profit In that method they send hi the goia.' All agree that the influx of gold is aft unmistakable sign of activity In busi ness. "We have tje i;D condlt.wos right in our own country said Maurice L. Muhlcman, deputy'aasistant I'ltUed States treasurer. "When the cotton is being harvested in the south and tbe Kruin in the west, .Vew York seeds to the banks in those regions advances in the shape of bankers' drafts. This conf mercial paper is used again by them and there is no need for sending actual money. But when the crops are un usually large and it requires extraor dinary sums of money to pay for har vesting, then the local banks are com pelled to ask for money instead of pa per. They need it for their customers, whoean pay help only with money. They are prevented from making further in roads on their own supply because of the law which compels them to have a certain amount of cash always on de posit as reserve. That is the case at present, and large sums of actual money are being sent to New Orleans and the west to help the little banks along. "The same causes are at the bottom of the gold shipments from abroad. In times when there is no demand for money, when business is slack, bankers have so much gold that they prefer to receive paper; but with large crops to move, increasing pay rolls due to in crease in manufacturing, with In creased freight transactions and the additional business which follows in the wake of a manufacturing revival, the supply of money becomes low, and the consequence is that we ask our Eu ropean correspondents to send us gold Instead of paper." But gold is not shipped like-ordinary merchandise, and the mode of packing is little known outside the banking es tablishment to which It is consigned. The coin gold from Great Britain comes in lota of S00 ounces. These lota are usually packed in five bags of 10(1 ounces each, and the bags are placed In a box, which is tightly nailed and strapped. It frequently happens that a lot is slightly over weight, and in such cases a coin Is clipped to make the weight exact. Bar gold is also shipped In boxes. each box containing 900 ounces. The bars are kept from chafing by being packed between layers of sawdust. American gold coin which has lost less than one-half per cent, by wear is received for Its face value, but all pieces which are light as much as one-half per cent, are received by weight only. The assay office advances BO per cent, on all the gold which is left there, and when the actual value has been deter mined settles by cheek on the snbtreae ury. American gold coin, like the French and the German, is nine-tenths fine, British coin is eleven-twelfths fine. and bars are of various grades. Be cause of the variation in quality all set tlements are made on the basis of "fine gold." There are tricks in the gold bus! ness," said another banker, "which are not known to the rest of the business world. For instance, the lightweight coin dodge. A man buys American gold in Europe for shipment to this country. He buys It by weight and uses it here for its face value. If the coins have- been slightly worn In cir culation, but not down to the one-half per cent, limit, the shipper makes the uinerence. Gold when shipped to Europe from the United States is usually packed in kegs or boxes, each containing five bags of $10,onn each, and when ore tees a large dray in the Wail street district, attended by several men, but loaded only with one or two small ktg. he may know that there is an actual movement' in gold. N. Y. Tribune. Before 1833 Spain was one of the great powers. Between und 1373 there were actually 38 rebellions, changes of government and coups d'etat. Since 1833 Spain has declined in the scale of nations, and now ranks as little more than a third-rate power. A glorious tribute, indeed, to the wisdom of interfering with the settled succes sion. In order to understand the pres ent condition of Spain, we have onty to read the daily papers. On the one hand, in Madrid, we see a titular sovereign struggling ineffectually with an empty treasury to stave off bankruptcy, mak ing futile attempts with a discredited army to subdue his rebellious colonies, and relying upon martial law to crush civil anarchy, which, be it remembered, is ever the result of bad government, incompetent and tyrannical police, and especially of corrupt finance and of tax ation pressing too heavily on the class least able to bear it. On the other hand, in Venice, we see the king waiting un til the moment shall arrive for him to make his final essay to save his coun try from the distress with which the queen regent has proved herself unable LtQ cope. Fortnightly Review. HELPED LAY OUT WASHINGTON. First American Scent to Distinguish Himself sta a. Civil Engineer. "It is pretty well known to those who have Informed themselves on the sub ject that Maj. L'Enfant. a French en gineer, laid out the plans of Washing ton mill n .1 : , ioiif puysician, wno has given a great deal of attention to a study of the early history of that city, "and Andrew Ellicott wos employed to complete the work, the big property owners of the day being combined against L'Enfant for the reason that some of the lines laid down by him ran into their property, as they un derstood to the injury thereof, and that Ellicott did finish it. It is not generally Known, however that Ellicott's power ful engineer a.s,isTnnt was a colored mail, BenjaniinTlattekprby name. Bane ker a. born and raised at Kllicott Citv. Md. liit remains are. in the cemetery tnere, uomcrkea and neglected, though he was tbe first colored man todistin guih him?e!f as a mathematician and civil engineer in tie hibtory of this "country. He possessed a wonderful gen ius for mathematics and the exact sciences, and long before he had gained a prominence as a civil engineer was the author of an almanac, which ranked as standard authority. "Among others who were attracted by it was Thombs Jefferson, who free, ly admitted that the work of Baneker deserved and commanded his praise. Baneker was 60 years of age when he ran the lines for the city of Washington. He is described as a fine-looking speci men of a man, very distinguished in appearance, having a head and suit of white hair not unlike in general ap pearance to he late Frederick Doug lass. He wore a drab coat of superfine broadcloth and a Quaker hat, with a broad brim. It is not known exactly how much was paid to Baneker for his services, for engineers in those days did not command the salaries of the present times. Ellicott himself only re ceived five dollars per day and expenses for bis services, which, the records show, Jefferson thought too much. In the lrttCr to Mai. L'Enfant relieving him of the work. President Jefferson states: 'Elicoft is to go on to finish lay ing off the plan on the ground and sur veying and platting the district. I have remonstrated with htm on the ex cess of five dollars per day and his ex penses, and he has proposed striking off the latter.' Under these circum stances it is not probable that Baneker was paid much, notwithstanding the value of his services. Ellicott was but a little over half the age of his assist ant, Baneker, and he had the greatest confidence in him, depending on him to untie many of the aagiaeering difficul ties that were constantly met with during the progress of their work. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. ANIMAL COLONISTS. revet Cattle Tnktaa: the Place Cessment Be eotlce. During the last few years the demand for pedigree English cattle for Argen tina has been enormous. Shorthorns, Herefords and Devona have been im ported weekly, and a cross-bred English stock now fills the "corrals" of the great beef and bovrtl companies of tbe Biver Plate. In North America this Anglicizing process baa spread to all the states'of the 'union. Half-bred Herefords and shorthorns are taking the place of the eotranoo cattle of the states on nearly all the ranches of the beef-producing districts, and the colon izing capacity of different English breeds is recommending them for spe cial districts. Thus tbe Devon bulls are purchased .for ranches where the search for pasture and water needs spe cial activity and endurance, and red "polled" or hornless Suffolk are used where cattle are being bred for transit by rail or ship, because the absence of horns is then convenient. Even trop ical Brazil follows thei fashion, and English Jersey cows are seen demurely walking through the forest paths by the coffee plantations, and English ter riers and pug dogs sit on the laps of Brazilian ladies. Whether the Jersey cattle will multi ply on the planters' estates time will show, but the spread of our colonizing etinials, which are now Invading simul taneously the plains of Patagonia.' and the North Canadian territory, does not limit its progress to the direction of the poles. In India the English horse be comes a colonist by second intention, in the form of the "wak-r," a Founder tmd stronger animal than the majority of British hackneys. Hie value, as compared with the native breeds of Asia, is still undetermined, but w must accept his presence and survival as a fact. London Spectator. 4 Alaska's Great Forests. The gold of Alaska, on which the at tention of mankind is just now fixed with brilliant anticipation, may not, in the end, tnrm out to be the greatest treasure which that land possesses. The Alaskan f orestls appear to be among the most valuable in existence. Extending from Cross sound, a little south of Mount Folrweather, to the Strait of J uan de Fuca, pertly in Alaska and part ly in British Columbia, lies what Gar den and Fewest describe a the great est continuous body of timber Of the cone-bearing or pine family in the world, "almost unmarked as yet by the ax, safe from fire, and of easy access." Security from fire, due to the moist climate. Is regarded as one of the chief causes of the continued existence of these magnificent foresta. Youth's Companion,, MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. Boston is to have a restaurant wherein only vegetable productions will be cooked and served. Dogs are annual' taxed two dol lars each in Paris; but pups ore ex empt until they are weaned. A French agriculturist has grafted tomatoes upon potatoes, with the re sult that his plant produces potatoes underground and tomatoes above. A jealous husband in Belief onte, Pa., thought his wife had too many ad mirers, and to make her beauty less at tractive, he shot off the Up of her nose. After sharpening an indelible lead pencil, John Kenshaw, of Yonkers, N. Y, used the same knife to cut bis corn. B!ood poison resulted, ar.d tit: iii.uj died. -.Stale sermons are not cdmirci by the archbishop of Canterbury, lift a.i viscs his clergy to burn th'-ir pennons after they have been preael ed three times. Taxes are remitted on Paris houses which are unoccupied. If any part of the house is untenanted, a correspond ing reduction is made in the amount of the tax. A small inheritance came to a London pauper at the age of 70. He in vited his friends to a champagne sup per, and he drank so freely that within three days he died. An undertaker at Leavenworth, Kan., during the recent reunion of sol diers in that city, displayed in the win dow of his coffin shop a banner with these words, "Welcome, Comrades!" The dairyman of Syria marches his goats to the houses of his patrons, and milks them on the street in sight of his customers. Should they express a wish for the milk of any particular goat, the wish is gratified. -If one dollar were loaned for 100 years, at six per cent., with the interest annually collected and added to the principal, the investment would amount to $340. At eight per cent, it woiild amount to 2,203; at ten per cent., $13, 809. A gentleman who needed wifely attentions was recently married at Van Buren, Ark. He interrupted the cere mony long enough to adjust one of his suspenders, both of which were held in place at the back by the restraining influence of one button. A cord of wood, weighing 4,000 pounds, will yield nine gallons of alco hol, 200 pounds of acetate of lime, 25 gallons of tar, and 85 bushels of char coal. Wood alcohol is almost a perfect substitute for grain alcohol for me chanical and manufacturing purposes. BLUNDERING ENGLISH. The Gross Misase of tbe Blosaina tlve Case of Pronouas. "There is one extremely common mis take in English which always fills me with sadness when it does not fill me with vexation," said tbe man who tries to be careful in his use of language. "I do not like to preach general discourses' on the use of bad language, because I do not feel safe, and one's sermon in such a case is so likely to be a ridiculous ex ample of the thing complained of. But this mistake is so gross and palpable that anyone with an elementary knowledge of grammar should recog nize it. The thing which makes it pe culiarly sad or vexatious is the fact that the error is often made by persons who make some pretense of using good English. Half or 75 per cent, of the school teachers, I will venture to say, make this mistake. It is the use of such expressions as 'Between you and I. 'They asked you and I to come,' or 'Let you and I go, or, more horrible still. They saw he and I uptown.' In other words, it is the use of the nomina tive form of the pronoun as the object of a preposition or a verb. "The reason for this is obvious. It is known that ignorant persons use such expressions as 'Him and me went up town,' or 'you and me was seen.' Peo ple learning that such expressions are incorrect somehow get the notion that it is never correct to use such a form as 'you and me,' of iim and her,' or 'them and me.' They feel guilty whenever they are caught using such a combina tion of words, and doubtless if they heard a person say: Tlicy asked him and me to come to the dinner,' which alone is correct, they would have a sense that an error had been mad?. They get to feel that the conjunction 'and' 1ms a kind of double action control, govern ing the nominative case at both ends A little reflection would remind them that this word has nothing at all to do with the cases. "A sure cure of this bad habit is to drop the 'and' and use each of the pro nouns alone. What person, forinstance, who would say: They asked you and I to come,' would also say: They asked I fo come,' or what person who would without hesitation say; 'Let you and I go could ever be caught saying: 'Let I go? Many of the people who use 'you and I' as the object of a verb would not go so far as to say: 'They asked he and I if we would come, but there are per sons who go this length and display an annoying sense of superiority in doing it. They feel that there is something elegant about the combinations, 'He and I,' 'She and I,' and 'They and I,' and scorn the humble accusative forms, yet even these would hardry say: Thev saw he,' or 'They saXv I,' or They saw she,' or 'They saw they.' Why in the world, then, shoruld the 'and' make any difference in their speech? This is a point to which it would bo well for teachers of English to give their atten tion." Indianapolis News. Royal makes the food pure, wholesome sad delicious. mm mmm nrtm p.vtNi prwntn rr. hp vrww. EDUCATED WIVES. . A Teacher Baya They Make the' Best Companions. Women of Higher Education Are Bet ter Eqaippcd for the Daties of Motherhood and Home Keeping. The following extracts are from an address made by Miss Clara Bostwick, a teacher at the Elms school in Spring field, Mass.: ,j "What is the college woman's proba bility of happiness ia marriage com pared with that of her less highly educated sister? She chooses her hus band later. She is more developed; she know s better what she is going to be; ' she stands in better chance of not se lecting a life companion whose tastes and hers will prove helplessly antagon istic. And this is of especial importance in (America, where girls and boys are thrown to freely together; where they merry when and w hom they wish, and where the parents in. many cases ap parently have little else to do with tho matter than to pay the bills andi try to shield the young husband and wife frcta the consequences of their folly. The man whom a girl would have mar-, ried when she entered college is' probably not the man whom Ehe would marry when she is graduated f rom col lege. This may result in the breaking1 of some early engngemeat, but an en-,-gagement that can be broken would' better be broken. The eollege-bred woman is also less likely to marry from ennui. Even if she is unfortunate enough to have no definite work, after she leaves college, she has resonrccs within herself which can, not only pre- " vent life from becoming a bore, but which can make it rich and satisfyiiif?',.; Neither will she be likely to sell herself for the sake of a home. She is better equipped to support herself, if neces sary, and she has probably lost many silly ideas she may have had about the unladylikeness of honest, breadwin ning work. "Finally, when she has been won, she stands a much better chance of keeping her husband's love and respect, be cause she stands a better chance of in-' teresting him. , '"Men don't stay ini their homes un- less they find their homes entertaining, " 9aid a married woman of wide experi ence in the world, in talking about the education, of her daughter. 'I tell my daughter that if she is ever to marry she needs to know something for two reasons; first to hold her husdand's in terest; and second, to have within her-" self resources that will make her hap piness, to a certain extent, independent of him; in which case, he will be much" more likely to stay in love with her.' "The rtotk-tics in regard to the mar riage of college women will net be com plete until we have elso the statistics in. Regard to their divorce. The state ment has been made, whether truly op not, that as yet no Vassar graduate has been divorced. Of course, all col- lege women) are not interesting, any more than- are all college men; but the four years' companionship with 'noble thoughts ought to make one at least "Mate the educated weman with the educated nr.in and you Lave a probabil ity that they will continue to interest and Jove each other; that there w ill be. intellectual companionship between, them; ar.d that each will have sufficient reppect for the other's inert:; ability and moral sanity , to make possible a, government of the home and the chil dren, not by 'managing' each other, keeping clear of a pandering to each other's foibles and prejudices, but by frank and fearless discussion as to what is reasonable and right. This is not the condition of affairs in most homes. "The women of the higher education bring to motherhood, too, a better preparation than do these of smaller opportunities. The reasons for this are both physical and mental. They nre, as a rule, older, physically mature; and the opinion is held by some physi cians that, for the sake cf the physic"! perfection of the race no woman should marry until she is 25. They have a wider knowledge of physiological and psychological laws or they have tho nbility to aeo,uire it which must bring forth beneficent fruit in the rearing cf their children. They know more pro foundly the responsibilities of mother hood; and their realization of the im portance of details in the training of child disposes them to look upon what might seem drudgery to other women', as glorified, educational opportunity."' Boston Advertiser.