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vol. vin. FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1899. NO. 15. Si I EiC mm V PROFESSIONAL CARDS- DR. ANCIL MARTIN, IYBANDEAS. Phoenix, Arizona GEO. M. BROCKWAY, "YHTSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office k.id " residence at hospital Florence. Arizona . GEO. SCOTT. JUSTICE OE THE PEACE. NOTARY Public and Conveyancer, Dudleyville, A . T. . DOCTOR MORRISON. lJHYSIdlAN AND SURGEON. All Calls an swerel promptly Uiy uifci'it. Ee-uceiK;i 5n the Giiihid huildiiiir Just havk of C. R. Miehea A Co., store, Florence, A. T. The Valley Bank, PH'EXIX, ARIZONA. Capital, - - - 100,000 Surplus, - - 25,000 W. Chhisty, President. M. H.Shbbuas. Vice-President. I M. W. MxSsikqkb, Cashier. Haeeitre Deposits, Blake Collections, Bay and Sell Exchange, Discount Commercial Paper and do a General Banking Business. Office Hours, 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. CORRK8PONDKXT8. American Exchange National Bank. N. T. The Anglo-California Bank, San Francisco, California. Am. Exchange Nat'l Bank, Chicago, 111. First National Bank. Los Amreles. Bank of Arizona, fresco tt. Arizona. THE Under Management of Dr. GEO. M. BROCKWAY. Completely Restocked With Drugs,. Patent Medicines, Toilet Articles, Perfumeries Blank Books, Stationery, Cigars, Etc. NOVELTIES ORDERED FROM TIME TO TIME. Elliott House, (South Si le Railroad Track.) Casa Grande, - Arizona, W V. ELLIOTT, Propriator. First-class Accommodations for Commercial Travelers and the Gen eral Public. Rooms newly furnished and kept neat and elean. Table supplied with the best the mar ket affords by an excellent American cook. Corner Saloon, T. G. PEYTON, Proprietor. Florence, ... Arizona. Headquarters for the Gang. The finest of "WineS, Liquors and Cigars. ML MIGHEA & C0 DEALERS IN ALE! (In liu Corner Main and 12th streets. Florence. ... Arizona- Bnildintr fe Loan Association. Florence, Pinal County, Arizona. I.T. Whittemohk, President. C. X. Rki'F'V, Nfcretarv. D. C. Si ev it vs. Treasurer, directors : Rev. I. T. Whittouwre. C. D. Reppy, D. C. Stevens, V. JJ. Doan and E. T. Bollen. Office : At Florshci Twbuk office. Directors' regular meetings, first Monday in each month at 1 o'clock p. m. G. E. AflGULO'S Meat Market, Main Street, Florence. Is constantly supplied with Fat Beef, which .will be furnished customers at the lowest cash prices. We buy for cash and are com pelled to sell for cash, and will use our best endeavors to guarantee satisfaction to our customers. Antonio, Chinaman DEALER IS Eeneral Merclianflise, Corner 9th and Bailey streets, :f(orence. ... Arizona. Florence . Ptaacy. J M flrmnttnl 1 rcMise urjllrj I dl WM. C. DAVIS, Vice-President. THE CONSOLIDATED NATIONAL BANK, Or Tnesen, Arizona. Capital Paid Up, -Surplus and Profits, Deposits, - $50,000 10,000 400,000 Foreign exchange. Cable and telegraphic trnfisferis a.l ai er the worM. Account of itniis i liuils, iiriMs auj eorpora, terns sutieite I and lueir inu-re-Jts earufuUj' looked after. H. H.TKNNEY, Cashier. ARIZONA CONSOLIDATED SlapaiflLiwyCo. (INCORPORATED 1892.) DAILY : STAGE BETWEEN Florence and Casa Grande Livery, Feed & Sale Stable? Florence and Casa Cranae. A! Lee'sRestaiirant Opposite The Florence Tribune office In P. R. Brady, Jr's., New Building. First-class in every respect. Meals 85 and 25 cts. Ladies dining- room. Corner 7th and Main street Florence, - -. - Arizona. THE ARIZONA NATIONAL BANK, Or Tucson, Arizona. Capita! Stock, - - - $50,000 Surplus and Profits, - - 7,500 OFFICERS: BAUiiox M. Jacobs, President, , Fhrd Fi,k:sumax, Vice-President. Litter. iL Jxcoiu,, C&sitier. J. M. Obmsby Assistant-Cashier. Transacts a General Banking Business. Makes telegraphic transfers. Draws For eitfn and Domestic Bills of Exchange. Accounts of Individuals. Firms and Cor poratlons solicited. COMMERCIAL HOTEL, European Plan. GEO. H. A.LUHRS, - - Proprietor. Corner Center and Jefferson Streets, Phoehix, Arizona. Leading b fulness and family hotel in Ari zona. Located in the business center' Con tains one hundredroems. Tunnel Saloon. CHOICE WINES, LIQUORS AXD CIGARS. J. C. KEATIKC, Proprietor. Lent Wing Chung DEALER IN Dry Goods, Groceries And Notions. Sell cheap for cash. Corner 10th and Bailey streets, Florence ... Arizona. MESA, FLORENCE AND GLOBE STAGE LINE. Three Trips a week. Daylight Travel Leaves Mesa 8 a. m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Arrives at Florence at 11 :30 a. m. Leaves r lorence at 1 p. m., arriving at Globe at t) p. m., the following day. Leaves Globe 8 a. m. Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. Arrives at Florence at 11 a. m. the following day. Leaves Florence for Mesa at l p. m. Arrrives at Mesa at 6 p. m. Stages stop over night at Riverside. Good accommodations given the traveling public. Stages connect with stages for Dudleyville, Benson, Mammoth, Oraeie and Tucson. Johksom It boh, Agents at Mesa. Louis Sultan, A fruit at Globe. 1). C. Siivens. Agent at Florence. M. P. FREEMAN, President. NO COMPASS POINTS. Hawaii Has No North, South, East or West The Mountain. and the Sea Fnrnlsh the Only Basis of Dtrectioa la the Island Offi cial Terms. Visitors to Honolulu are often per plexed to get the points of -the compass fixed iu their lt.iiuo. with refeieiKe to sUcels si:; !( ;. are t-tili more perpU xrd to !ii;.'l m U.-.t'y vt t.;. l.uov.s li'-'ni and ni iiLiiiv wi'.o fee's tfce need oi knov. ir.-tliem. '1 o the v i .-il j . fwi;;!y from tfce Mi i-ii-aippl .:!.-:. where the c,r!grr-sio:i:il n;rn y if pMi lie In tit! laid wl cei tlm i ;w square, so that directions and dis tances are always thought cf in their relation to north, south, east cr west, this is in comprehensible. But it does not take a very long resi dence here to learn that the points of the compass in the ordinary matters of direction are of very little practical life, and the prevailing system cf in.!. eating location and direction, adapted Iron, that used by the native Hawaiian: ami continuing the use of their nomencla ture, is a very practical one and well adapted to conditions. The islands are all small and of vol canic crigin. There is at least one main range of mountains on each is land, though there may be subsidiary one. As is well known, mountains do not run with special reference to the points of the compass. And the narrow valleyscut and eroded mitcf the volcanic mass and extending from the mountains to the sea bear still less appreciable re lation to them. So that if one were to establish the points of the compass wjth relation to any one of these val leys a quarter of a mile would bring him to another, where he would have to take his bearings all afresh. But there are two objects he can never get out of sight of. These are the moun tain and the sea. And on this fact the basis both of the nomenclature and of the system of direction rests. With re lation to any poir.t the two cardinal di rections are toward the mountain and toward the sea, .Now, the native Ha waiian terms for these are "mauka," toward or in the direction r-1 h- rtftcn laij!. ant! "makai" pronounced n:ak!ii. the i k'niri, t -J ward or in t'.- (Sirection oftin'se.i. 1 in- !( trrrpby f the country, a se ries of vail;, si-xtt-wlirg frr-m the i,;oxit! tain to 11 r nno the f--j-.'a: ?t-i-'.:re itnder wSti.-li lai.J was li':! r. the an cient caj, itii tu li.K oiwsiun of the country into narrow strips, or dis tricts moku, as the larger were called; alhupuoa, the next smaller, and i'i, those still smaller, but alL. with very few exceptions,ex-teBding from the sea shore to the top of the mountain. In this way the common people, restricted to their own ilis, yet had access to the sea to fish and swim and ride the surf, to the mountain for firewood and build ing material, and to the land between to cultivate tare, The boundaries of these districts were all carefully de fined in time immemorial and remain the same to-ray. Moreover, each, dis trict had its name, aBd that name re mains. With the mountain above and the sea below and the narrow districts in suc cession, each with Its boundaries and name well defined, the basis of the sys tem and nomenclature of direction was complete. A given point or object is "maulca," toward the mountain, or "makai," toward the sea, in relation to another object or point; and it is "wai bihi," in the direction of the district of Waihihi, or "ewa," in the direction of the district of Ewa, for the other rela tions of direction. So that in Honolulu, for instance, where no street runs north and south, or east, and west, and few streets run . straight in any direction for any great distance, no one speaks of the north or south side of the street no one can; tsor cf (;,.: at.,2 w;.- Mr. P.-it every st r.;et hus a mauka and a n aVai siiie, or a wnihihi suni e-'Aa side. So a. particular corner n'.ay be precisely and accurately described- as the niauka waihihi eoriier. or the makai-ewa. Tlive terms are not only ccMcqtiiM,. but o.-Vieial. They are used ill contracts, deeds, vyiiis and statutes. They suit conditions and have grown out of them. Chicago Becord. IRON IN EGG& An Ingenious Frenchman Feeds It to His Hens Medicine In Hen Fruit. There is scarcely any branch in which medicine has not advanced in the last 20 years, but in no one, branch has more improvement been shown than in the compounding and putting together of drugs. No more is the unwilling pa tient made to swallow large doses of nauseating medicine, for sugar-coated pills, capsules and wafers have come into use, and patients can now take the most vile-tasting medicines without any discomfort Now comes along a Frenchman with a still more ingenious plan which opens up to pharmacy un bounded possibilities of going still fur ther ahead. On account of the difficulty of as similating iron as a. medicine, a French druggist has sought to intro duce it in a digestible way by what he terms ferruginous eggs. Hens can digest iron, easily1 while rendering it back through the albumen of their eggs in a form that is easily di gested by t he weaker stomachs of man kind. A salt of iron is given to the hens with grains of wheat. A dozen of these medicated grains of wheat a day makes the hens, after three or four days, lay eggs which are very rich in iron already digestid. The Frenchman is experimenting further with other drugs, and it is not without the bounds of possibility that we shall shortly be able to take all our medicine in the form of eggs. New Or lr Tiroes-rmrrnt.- WOMEN LIKE -COPPERS. ?ot the Police, Sut the Indispensable -title 141! Ciic-trnt I'ieces. Every man in toe past swears at a conductor or ticket seller when one of those officials unloads on him a lot of one-cent coins pennies, as they are miscalled. Women seem to like them, probably because their bulk makes them seem like a lot of money. A wom an makes quite a financial transaction of it when she pays her toll for trans portation. Watch her- block a line of hurried business men at the ticket of fice of the elevated roads. Xote how she fishes around in her fat wallet for the little coppers, jobbing dry goods sam ples, cooking recipes and similar port able bric-a-brac into her inout&to clear the bank. One by one she'll drag them out, and finally scatter them over the little shelf at the window. She always suves the coppers for that purpose, and the ticketmen and conductors are painful ly aware of that fact, They never fail to get even when making change to a woman. Lots of women keep what they call penny banks. These come in handy for papa occasionally just before pay day. In the west and southwest one-cent pieces are extremely scarce. In many regions tbey are not to be found in cir culation at all except in the post offices. The minimum price on small commodi ties is five cents and the nickel is the smallest coin known. But, in spite of that fact, there are mere than a billion of the little coppers in use in this coun try contstantly. They disappear rap idly, however, and the mint in Philadel phia is kef- ht'y ttjrrh!? out J,OCO,r0 a month to keep up t he sjppiy. The nc'.ij is not worth its face value Inti-i'jsieaUy. Lw, epboCy rppear to Mwry about thru. The g-uterr.ment n:;tkes a (t'-O'l profit on it. It contains 95 per cent, of copper and astii7eEii:g alloy of five percent, of tin and ?inc - ZEAL THAT FATXED. A Telegraph Operator's Effort to Tleaee an Official by Close At tention to Daly. "The first office that I found myself in possession of," said a retired tele graph operator, "was a; little way sat tion where there was not muc'j else to do but to report, the trains. I had the night trick, and the trains being few and far between I spent most of my time dreaming of advancement. One night soon alter ha.d taken the office I was called- to the key to receive a mes sage that came over the w ire addressed to a railroad official who chanced to be visiting some relatives who lived about three miles from the office where I was. " 'Violet is dying,'- the message read, and these three- words sent the shivers up and down my back, as I saw with my imagination a fair-haired, blue-eyed lit tle gtrt dying, with her father away from home. Then it suddenly flashed upon me that here was a chance to win promotion by hurrying the message out where the father was. I was alone in the ollice, and there was no one living near by whom I could send it. "Atlastldetermined to take it myself I knew I had nobusiness leavingthe of fice, but I considered it a chance to win recoa-nition tha I rrijrht tiercr have ag-air.. "it wes before t he time- of the bi-cyv-'e, and as there was no horse to be had 1 started out a foot. There was a train leaving about one o'clock in the mDt-i'ir.p;, and I had figured it out that th anxious father would take that train f the cMy, aad that I would be atle to get, a nue back to Ihe station with him, and have at the same time ft. chance to create a.good impression-.. "It was m the fall of the year and raining as hard as it could pour, with good prospects that it would turn to snow before I got back. I was a little bit hazy just where the party was stay ing, but after braving any number of d-ogs and arousing any number of farm ers, I found the right place and de livered the message. The man, with a white face, hastily tore the envelope open and read the contents, while I waited for him to say: 'Well done, thou, good and faithful servant! "But he didn't.. He said things that I would not care to repeat, and called me any number of names that were not the least bit complimentary. It made me mad to see such an exhibition of un concern over 6ucb a serious matter, and I was about to say so when he broke in with another torrent of strong words, of which I caught 'fool woman,' 'pug dog, 'glad of it.' "Then I comprehended, and as I tramped wearily back to the office I had deserted I had plenty cf time to take a solemn vow to never again bother my head about what might come over the wire 2. Y, Sun.. V AsssiuiEiy Pure Makes the food more delicious and wholesome rWYAl BAKING POWDC A RECORDER OF PAIN- Interesting Particulars cf an Ia geciom Invention. ly Its Aid It Has Ueeo Ascertained That Vomen Suffer More Than Men The Difference in Classes. Prof. Arthur MacDonald, specialist in the United States bureau of educa tion, is carrying on a series of investiga tions for the purpose of finding out hivr sensitive the ordinary person is to pain. Under the direction of Frof. Mae Donald, school-teachers all over the country have been testing school chil dren and adults, and the result, aver aged up tj date, contains some very curious and unlooked-for information concerning pain. Prof. JIacDonald first made tests on 1,412 persons, and from them drew the following conclu sions: Women are more sensitive to pain than men. American professional men are more sensitive to pain than American busi ness uien, and also more sensitive than either English or German professional men. The laboring classes are much less sensitive to pain than the non laboring classes. The women of the poorer classes are much less sensitive to pain than those ia more comfortable conditions. Young men of the wealthy classes are much more sensitive to pain than men of the working classes. Young women of the wealthy classes are much more sensitive to pain than young men of the wealthy classes. As to pain, it is true, in general, that wom en are more sensitive than men. but it does not neccsariiy follow that women cannot endure more pain thau men. These quite general results were ob :ed in a prtliniinnry series of in vestigations, but they promised so much that Prof. MacDonald determined' to extend his operations so as to gain information, of a much, more special character. Prof. MacDonald, therefore, invented a little instrument which was designed to be used as a, recorder of pain. He calls it the algotneter. It looks like an immense hypodermic syringe, but the principle of its operation is that of the ordinary spring scale reversed. In short, it is a simple barrel and piston affair. Inside the barrel is a coiled spring. When the piston is pushed into the barrel it necessarily compresses the spring, which collapses according to the pressure put upon it. A scale in the side of the barrel re cords the amount of pressure. Now. this affair was held against the temple of each person examined. As it was pushed against the temple, of course, the piston receded into the barrel. When the pressure of the spring made the affair uncomfortable, the subject under examination would describe his or her sensations. That is, whether the instrument hurt, or not. Of course the moment it grew uncomfortable. the instrument was removed, as it was the greatest amount of sensitiveness to pain that was to be tested. The instruments- were used in tests all over the country. They were tried on the pupils of public and private schools. They were tried on business men, business women, laborers, wash women, professional men and universi ty women. They were tried on various parts of the bodies of thTe persons, end differences of apes were rioted, Out of the mass of statistics received the following facts were obtained. Generally speaking, sensibility to pain decreases as a person advances in age. The U-ft temple is wore ncnsitive than the right temple. The left hand is inure suutive than the light baud. Children between ten and eleven years old exhibit quite an obtuseness to pain, which, however, diminishes between the ages of 11 and IS. That is, they can stand less general pain when 12 years old than they could just prior to 11 years. But they become more obtuse again when between 13 and 13 years. Between the ages of 13 and 17 the right temple increases in obtuseness, while the left temple increases in acute ness. Of course there are variations, but the above was culled from the ma jority of examples. Girls in private schools, the children in which generally come of wealthy parents, ore found to, be much more sensitive to pain than girls of public schools. Thus, in the language of Prof. MacDonald, "it would appear that re finements and luxuries tend to increase sensitiveness to pain. The hardihood which the great majority must experi ence seems advantageous." This also accords with the result of previous measurements to the effect that the non-lauoring classes are more sensitive to pain than laboring clashes. By "laboring classes" is meant artisans and unskilled laborers; by con-laboring classes is meant professional and mercantile men., .. ' .a-. Fl CO. , W5W VOPX. It is found, as far as differences be tween f.ex?.. arc concerned, that girls' in public ,ciioo!s ure more sensitive at Ml ages than boys. This, of course,' correpoiitis to tle previous measire-ir.-r.ts, which Miow.cJ that women ore i.u.re se;;Eit ive to pain thajs ruru. Eight hundred ard ninety-nine v. omen and chi'dren were tested in getting ot tha above facts. Boston Globe. CITY BOYS GOOD SOLDIERS. An Old Cltlsen Says Restaurant Fare and Street Car Travel Fit Them tor HoDKhlnjf It. "It takes country boys to make sol diers," said the grizzled old man who had scraped his feet on the bricks out side the lunchroom with great care be fore he entered. "It talcs boys that's been used to work as long as the sun'li shine, and well into the night if the moon happens to be full." "I've beard that," remarked the man who was neat in dress and nervous oi mar.ner. "But I have my doubts." "It's true. Look at the discipline a country boy gets. He's out in all sorts cf weather and he gets his muscles as hard as iron. He has endurance." "Yes.- He builds up a splendid consti tution. But he has no means of insur ing himself against the perils which surround an army." "That's the point I was just trying to make. He puts fresh air into his lungs ai-'ti good plain food into his stomach and makes himself a set of muscles that pay no more attention to a heavy load than the fly-wheel of an engine pays to a speck of dust on its rim." "The country boy is good and strong. I'll admit. But he hasn't had any prac tice in digesting things that call on a-' man's stomach to stand up and do its' "He doesn't ruli away from his work and drink a fiat of tc-tTt-c and swallow a chunk of any kind of pie ti.;.t happens to be It ft every day at nooc. lie doesn't' ride on the lack cf a street car, w'.t.b snow water dripping down inside lo coat collar, v.or stay up hs.lt the night feig to inciters aid parties. "He doesn't eat ice-cream and dr'-.'e strong coffee at midnight, and -start in for a day's work the next ing as if nothing had happened i : boy may beat oursfor natural.;: . :s .... but I tell you we've got the se:.?,-; And the other said he pueaK-d tbu. talking the matter over and aver: ;- , things up would explain why they v.-.- -., pretty much to be depended on, no ira'. ter where they came from. '. Y. Jour nal. SPECKLED CIGAR WRAPPERS, Hew Version of Hew the Spota Are Produced on Real Sumatra Leaf. Some of the tobacco imported from Sumatra for making the wrappers of cigars has a curious speckled appear ance. In the minds of certain buyers-1 this marking is evidence that the cigar" has a Sumatra wrapper. Such is not always the case, for the artful manu.-' facturer has learned how to spot Amer ican tobacco artificially, and he occa-' sionally does so in so clever a manner that the uninitiated customer never suspects the trick. Sumatra is a Dutch possession, and' the spotting of -the tobacco raised in that island 'has been made the subject of investigation by Prof. Beyerinck, of the Amsterdam Academy of Sciences.. This learned man presented to the academy a few weeks ago a paper ia which he set forth the result;-, of 1:'. icquiry. 1.; described a '"iivinrr. iiu; '. contagion," whi.-h he declares i i cause cf the disease. This di.-.' also known as the mosaic disca- Lacca leaves, may be inouuia, s healthy plants by Injecting : stem, near & bud, sap pressed fected plants.. The active vim : . completely through the pores ;. dense porcelain, and can e, i c, i: i ; into agar by diffusion; therefor '. . . cot be a "contagium fixum" in the . -s nse, but it must be fluid. Out ot v tobacco plant it cannot be made to mul tiply; but in the dividing tissues of th leaf-rudiments and the rneristcuis cf the buds it multiplies freely and over a great extent.. A very small drop of the porcelain filtrate car. render all the leaves of the infected plsti entire ly covered with spots, and the sap of these leaves would be mfiieiect for tho contagion of an unlimited number of healthy plants. ". Y. Tribune. Ground tor Complaint. Small Politician I want to talk to you, sir, about a remark you made about me In ycur paper. You called me a political jobber, sir. Editor Yes, ii was a very annoying typographical error; and 1 promptly fired the compositor. "Aht Then you didn't mean to calt , me a 'jobber.' " "No, sir, I wrote ft 'robber' very dia tinctly." -Catholic StaBdardandiTimfiSfc.