THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE
BY FLORENCE PUBLISHING CO.
FLORENCE. ARIZONA. FEBRUARY 17, 1900.
Six Mouths.. , 1.50
Single Copies Five Cunts
Entered at the Florence postoff.ce as
"second class matter.
"Il is apparent that something must be
doue to provide water for the Indians. In
order to demonstrate our ability to govern
new peoples we must show a better record
for those now in our care." Prof. F. H.
Jewell, in a lecture in Washington, Dec
Mast men make the mistake of tbeir
lives when they imagine they are fill
inff a long-felt want.
Tuf.rk is a dead calm in Benson.
tChe Breeze has Ousted. This is a bad
year for the busy Bs.
lv Governor Taylor wanted to find
the assassin of Goebel, it looks like he
might. The fatal shot was fired from
a building occupied by Taylor and his
The ex'.-itement created by Dr.
Jameson's raid several years ago now
seems strange. He had but 600 men
ind came nearer capturing Pretoria in
five days than Bailer has with 100,000
men In five weeks.
The .people -and press of Phoenix are
getting Varm before the proper season
over the question of summer resorts in
Itae mountaius. Piaal county has the
Superstitious, Finals and Cataliuas,
and will allow the Phoenicians to
corae to either sooner than see trouble,
! Tn-s aBnuuecement that the war in
: the Philippines was over seems to have
been- premature. On the Hth 8000
Filipinos attacked the 40th regiment
at A!auy and there was considerable
loss on both sides. The American
troops were compelled to find ref uga in
The Tribune has great respect for
Chief Justice Street and his opinions,
bat cannot help the conclusion that
Judge Sloan has much the clearer con
ceptionof justice on the water question.
It is a consolation to know, however,
that our Associate Justices can differ
in some matters.
Tuk announcement that Diaz ha3
been re-elected President of Mexico
will be no surprise to the Tribune's
readers. He received 1,400,000 out of
the 1,500,000 rotes cast, and now
enters upon his fifth term. Diaz has
what you might call a eiueu on the
office as long as he lives.
The Tribune is indebted to Mr.C. C,
Babh, of the Geological Survey, for a
copy of Mr. J. B. Lippincott's report
oa Gila river reservoirs. It ia a pam
phlet of 100 pages, replete with con
vincing facts and figures as to the
practicability of the San Carlos dam
!n this issue liberal extracts from the
report are published, which are well
leserving careful perusal.
T he treaty recently negotiated be
tween the United States and England,
vhereby our country agrees not to
'ortify the Nicaragua canal, is a dis
graceful surrender only equalled by
he submission of the financial ques
ion to the money lords of Lombard
treet. It is sincerely to be hoped
here are Americans enough in the
Senate to refuse to ratify it.
i A Flobesce correspondent of the
lepublic-an hits the nail on the head in
Thursday's issue of that paper, as
" It seems all kinds of loose officers and
bines exist within the borders of the county
nd very incompetent persons are elected to
ffiee. Pinal county and the Florence canal
vidently need an earthquake or a Sodom
nd Gomorrah affair to completely over
helm its several derelict officials and in
Mnpetent guardians of the people's inter
Judge John A. Rush died at San
ranciseo on the 7th of this month at
ia advanced age of eighty one years,
adge Bush was one of Arizona's best
nown citizens in the old pioneer days
id had many friends in all parts of
le territory. His latest residence in
territory was at Prescott, where
i held various pos.itions.of trust and
iDor. lie served the territory as
legate to congress in the sixties.
President Andrew Jackson, in one
: his annual messages to congress,
id : "It canuot ba doubted that
e speedy settlement of these (un
cupied) lands constitutes the true
terest of the republic. The wealth
id strength of a country are its
pulalion, and the best part of the
pulation are the cultivators of the
il. Independent farmers are every
iere the basis of society and the true
.ends of liberty."
SAN CARLOS RESERVOIR.
Conclusions Drawn from J. B. Lippin
The Construction of a Dam at an Carlos
The following summary and recom
mendations are from the report of Mr.
J. B. Lippincott, of the United States
Geological Survey, just issued from the
Government printing office:
1. The available records of the dis
charge of Queen Creek at Whitlow's
ranch indicates that this stream would
not afford a sufficient and reliable
water supply for the irrigation of an
area as large as is required for the
relief of the Indians on the Gila Kiver
2. Because of the large araout of
annual discharge of water by the Gila
River and the high perjeutage of silt
which it contains, it is not advisable to
construct a reservoir of small capacity
on this stream on account of the i
rapidity with which it would fill with
3. In case of the construction of any
of the dacus on the Gila Kiver the cost
of puttiug the foundations down to Oed
rock is one of the principal e'.ements
of expeuse. Tuis cost would be almost,
as large if a small dam was built as in
the case of a large one.
4. The greatest economy to the
Government, whether tiie relief of the
Indian alone is considered, or the gen
eral development of the arid lands in
the neighborhood of the reservation is
taken as a basis, lies in the construc
tion of a large reservoir. It is shown
that the Government can build such a
large reservoir, give water to the In
dians without charging them for it,
and sell the remainder of the water
impounded at such figure as would
rapidly return all the original invest
ment made by the Federal authorities.
5. In the event of the construction
of a large dam there will be built up
in the valley of the Gila Eiver, where
a desert now exists, a community of
fully 40,000 souls, and the creation of
many million dollars of taxable wealth
without permanent outlay on the part
of the Government.
6. The cost per acre-foot of storage
capacity of the dams as planned in this
report at the three principal reservoir
sites upon which estimates have been
made is as follows :
Location. Amaunft. Cost per
The Buttes...; 174,040 f 15 19
Riverside 221,133 9.01
San Carlos.. 241,395 4-30
From this it will ba seen that the
cost of storing water at the Buttes per
acre-foot is 3.5 times the cost at San
Carlos, and that the east at Riverside
is 2 1 times the cost at San Carlos.
The capacity of the reservoir, the
character of the foundations at the
dam site, the conservative and well
known type of dam planned, and the
economy of construction all point to
the selection of the San Carlos reservoir
site as the place for the construction
of the dam.
Perhaps the most notable result of
this investigation of the water supply
of the 'Gila River has been the dis
covery of three- large reservoir sites
the existence of which heretofore has
been unknown. They are the River
side, the San Carlos, and the Guthrie
sites. Relative capacities of these are
shown graphically on PI. XXXII, B.
The argument in favor of th con
struction of a reservoir for the storage
of the waters of the Gila Eiver by the
United States Government is stronger,
perhaps, than for any other project in
1. The Government has expended
large sums of money for the introduc
tion of irrigation on the Indian reserva
tions where it is desired to educate
the Indian into agricultural habits as
a means of his civilization. This is a
well-established and wise, public
policy, and has already been pro
ductive of much eood, but is always in
the nature of an experiment, and more
or less difficulty aud uncertainty is at
tendant upon the attempt to induce
the Indians to accept this mode of
livelihood. In the present case we
have a tribe of Indians who have for
centuries been engaged in agritulture
by irrigation, and who were until re
cently the only Successful irrigators in
Arizona. These Indians have been
deprived of their water supply through
the agency of the white'man, directly
encouraged by the United States
Government. It is an imperative
oblieation of honor that their supply
should be restored to them, and the
only practical means of this restora
tion is by storage on taeGiia River. In
addition to this, there held out the
certainty that unless this is done these
Indians will retrograde from a condi
tion of industry aud prosperity to one
of mendicancy and vice. Instead of an
uncertain possibility of elevating a
savage tribe, we are confronted with
the necessity of preventing the de
struction of a civilization already at
2. It is practically certain that the
storage of the Gila waters will never
be accomplished by private or corpor
Bte enterprise for three reasons: (1)
i The direct financial returns are not
sufficient to induce so large aa invest
ment of private capital; (2) the un
questionable legal right of the Indians
to a large quantity of the water of the
Gila River would be a perpeta.il cloud
upon the title to the water in the
hands of a private corporation; (3) the
land to be benefited being mainly in
public ownership, there is no means
under present laws by which a private
company could reaiiza the full benefit
of their improvements
3. Arizona being a Territory, the
water right is entirely under national
jurisdiction; the only material private
lien on the right is the right of the
Indians, who are wards of the Govern
ment, and this is essentially a Govern
ment right. The objection applicable
in some of the States, that the juris
diction of water rights is entirely in
the hands of the State and would pro
duce a conflict of authority, does not
4. The Government, being the
owner of more laud under the canal
than can ever be watered by it, can
entirely control the appropriation of
the values wbk'h will be created by
the canstruction of a reservoir and can
entirely recoup itself for all expenses
incurried.aud thusdischarge itsobliga-
tious of honor with no expenditure ex
cept the utilization of its own natural
resources. It.isnota proposition for
the Government to expead money for
the benefit of private individuals nor
of any particular section, and hence is
not comparable with river and harbor
improvements, although the general
benefits are so comparable, aa homes
will be furnished at low rates to
thousands of industrious people, who
will come from all partsof thecountry,
and a forbidding desert will be trans
formed into a rich" oasis and a large
community will be thus practically
added to the domain of the United
5. Gila River rises in New Mexico.
As the main body of the basin is in
Arizona, iuter-State complications
might arise in the future in case the
reservoir were constructed by private
or -local enterprise. With these ques
tions the National Government only is
competent to cope. Thus, from all
points of view thjra is every reason
why this reservoir should be con
structed by the National Government
and .no reason why it should not,
while it is not only impracticable but
eminently inadvisable for private
enterprise to carry out the project.
6. Owing to the erratic nature of
the Gila River less than 3 per cent of
its water near Florence is now being
used for irrigation, and the areas now
irrigated suffer intensely from sum
FINANCIAL SUMMARY OF RESULTS.
Total water supply to bo- delivered
to the point of diversion from
San Carlos reservoir for irrigation
each year acre-feet.. 241,396
Ultimate requirement for Indians
.. do.. 40.000
Remainder available for irrigation
of public domain or private lauds
Assume a d nt y of water of 2 acre-feet
or 21 inches in depth us?d each
year on each irrigated acre; this
-would permit the irrigation of
lands outside the reservation to
theextent'of acres.. 100,698
There are 889,211 acres of arid public
land in the district to be supplied
from this System. Assume thatthe
water is given to the Indiana with
out cost to the Government aud
that thase 100,591 acre) must pay
the total cost of the works, then
the necessary charge per acre for
the remaining water rights to be
sold would be JIG. 21
It is believed that the public lands
with this water right could, at this
rate, be sold within a year.
If 8,000 Indians have to be fed by the
Government at a cost per ration
per day of 10 cents, the annual ex
penses would be 8109,500
The capitalization of 5109,500 at 4 per
cent would represent the practical
permanent expense of feeding those
tribes. This is equivalent to a per
manent Government debt, which
would be liquidated by this con
struction, of $2,737,500
The value of the 100,796 acres of irri-
and I am afraid I have' in
herited it. I do not feel
well ; I have a cough ; my
lungs are "sore; am losing
flesh. What shall I do?
Your doctor says take care of
yourself and take plain cod -liver
oil, but you can't take it. Only
the strong, healthy person can
take it, and they can't take it
long. It is so rich it upsets the
stomach. But you can take
It is very palatable and easily
digested. H you will take plenty
of fresh air, and exercise, and
SCOTT'S EMULSION steadily,
there is very little doubt about
There are hypophosphites in it ;
they give strength and tone up the
nervous system while the cod-liver
oil feeds and nourishes.
toe. and $i.oo, alt druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York.
gated public lands that would be
. taxable would be $10 per acre, or a
total of $5,031,900
The savins, without expense-to the
Government, by Irrigation of 20.000
nrcos of lands belonging to the In
, dians has been shown to ba $2,787,503
Total increase in value, without
public expense 7,772,403
There will also boa large increase in value
of tuxablo town property, not estimated
1. Immediately withdraw from
entry all the lands that may be irri
gated from this souree of supply pend
ing further action by Congress on this
2. Segregate all the reservoir site
on the Gila River that may bo used
for the irrigation of these lands. The
Buttes and Queen Creek reser
voirs sites have already been segre
gated for this purpose. The Riverside,
ban Carlos ana Uutnrie reservoirs.
should also be set aside.
3. Maintain observations oa the
4. Construct the San Carlos dam.
5. Give the Indians the water which
they require without charge, the Gov
ernment to recoup itself for all ex
penditures from the tale of the remain
ing water rights.
6. Form a Federal irrigation district
for the division of the- water, which is
to be delivered to the head of the irri
galiou canals, for the construction of
these canals, and for the general ad-,
miuistratioa of the district..
Our friend, the Phoenix Enterprise,
misunderstands the Tribune's posi
tion. While we are as firmly opposed
aa ever to the cession of the arid lands
to the territory, we are willing to ac
cept the assistance of even those who
believe in that pernicious doctrine in
securing an appropriation for the San
Carlos dam. The proposition stands
on its own merits, irrespective of state
session and a national system of irriga
tion. The bill ia now before Congress,
and it will require united efforts to
secure its passage. Governor Murphy
has promised to assist, and we believe
he will do it.
The Tribune is not asking - or ex
pecting sympathy. It wants its own,
and nothing more. It has labored un
selfishly for more than eight years for
the welfare of Pinal connty and there
are enough people who recognize that
fact to give it a decent support regard
less of the ingrates wham it has helped
to foist on the tax-payers. There is
consolation in the fact that there are
but a few months remaining for the
gang, and the Tribune will live to
publish their obituaries.
There is no more damnable crime
An Editor's Life Saved by Chamberlain's
During the early part of October,
lS'JC, I contracted a bad cold which
settled on my lungs and was neglected
until I feared that ootuinptiou bad
appeared in an incipient state. " I was
constantly coughing and trying to
expel something which I could not. I
became alarmed and after giving the
local doctor a trial bought a bottle of
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy and the
result was immediate improvement,
and after I had used three bottles my
lungs were restored to their healthy
state. B. S. Edwards, Publisher of
The Review, 111. For sale by Brock
Notice is hereby given that I have
been appointed superintendent and
manager of the Milwaukee and Ari
zona Prospecting and Mining company,
doing business at the .Kay camp, on
Mineral Creek, Pinal connty, Arizona.
January 10th, 1900.
"I think I would go crazy with pain
were it not for Chamberlain's Pain
Balm," writes Mr. W. II. Staploton,
tlerminie, Pa. "I have been afflicted
with rheumatism for several years and
have tried remedies without number,
but Pain Balm is the best medicine
I have got hold of." One application
relieves the pain. Kor sale by Brock
A'otice ot Forfeiture.
To A. E. Cavaness, or to whom i may con
cern: This is to notify you that I as co
owner in the Eureka No. , Big Strike and
Mammoth mining claims, situated in the
territory of Arizona and County of Pinal,
and more particularly described on Pases
2!3, 214, 197, 191, 102, Book No. 15, Records of
Mines of Pinal county, have dooe and per
formed the annual work on said claims for
the year 1899. This is to notify you that if
you do not pay your full proportion of the
costs of said work, together with the costs of
this advertisement, within 90 days after the
expiration of this notice, your Interest in
said mining claims as co-owner will utterly
cease and by operation of la w become the
property of the undersigned.
Wm. MILL WILLIAMS.
Florence, Ariz., Feb, 17, 1900.
First publication February 17th, 1900.
"IVT ANTED Honest man or woman to travel
' for large house; salary (iS monthly
and expenses, with increase; position per
manent; inclose self -addressed stamped en
velope. MANAGES, 830 Caxton. bldg.,
L. K. DRA1S, - - Proprietor.
Newly Furnished and Refitted.
Will be run
STRICTLY FIRST CLASS.
Table supplied with the best
the market affords.
Elegantly Furnished Rooms
AND ALL MODERN APPOINTMENTS,
Rat Constantly Supplied With
the Choicest Wines, Liquors
Patronage of Commercial men and the gen-i
eral publio respectfullysoiicited.
The Valley Bank,
Capital, - - - $ 100,000
Surplus, - - 25,000
W11. Chsisty, President.
M. H. Shkbmaet, Vice-President.
M. W. Mebbingeb, Cashier.
Bar and Sell Exchange,
Discount Commercial Paper and do a
General Banking Business. Office
Hours, 9 a. m, to 3 p. m.
American Exchange National Banlc: N. Y,
The Anglo-California Bank, San Francisco,
Am. Exchange NatT Bank, Chicago, III.
First National Bank. Los Angeles.
Bank of Arizona, Prescott, Arizona.
Stage anfl idTerj Go.
DAILY : STAGE
Florence pnd Casa Grande
Livery, Feed &
Florence and Casa Cranae.
THE ARIZONA NATIONAL BANK,
Of Tucson Arizona.
Capital Stock, . - - - $ 50,000
Surplus and Profits, - - 7,500
Bakkon M. Jacobs, Presidents
Feed Fleishmax, Vice-President.
Lioxzi M. Jacobs, Cashier. '
J. M. Obiisby Assistant-Cashier.
Transaats a General Banking Business.
Makes telegraphic transfers. Draws For
eign and Domestic Hillsof Exchange.
Accounts of Individuals. Firms and Cor
GEO. H. A. LUHRS, -- -' Proprietor.
Corner Cento and Jefferson Streets,
Leading business and family hotetin Ari
zona. Located in the business center r Con
tains one hundredroems.
. LIQTTOKS ' -
J. C. KEATINC, Proprietor.
Lem Wing Chung
DEALER ' -
Sell cheap for cash.
Corner 10th and Bailey streets,
Florence . . Arizona.
Corner 9th and Bailey streets,
Florence. , Arizona,
DR. ANCIL MARTIN,
JYE AND EAR. Phoenix, Arizona
GEO. M. BROCKWAY,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office bud;
residence at hospital Florence. Arizona
JUSTICE OE THE PEACE, NOTARY
Public and Conveyancer, Dudleyville.
. J. S. BNIFFEN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Florence, Arizona.
Will attend to cases in .Pima, Graham
and Gila counties.
IJHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. All Calls as
- swered promptly dav or nteht. Residence.
in the Guilds building Just back of C. R.
AHcbeacc Co., store, iorence. A. i. . -
J. N. MORRISON AND W. H. GRIFFIN,
A TTORNE YS AN COUNSELORS AT LAW,
IV Real Estate and Mining Bureau. Of .
fice in Brunenkant Building, 8th and Bailey
street,. Business promptly attended to..
M. P. FREEMAN, WM. C. DAVIS,
CONSOLIDATED NATIONAL BANK,
Of Tncson, Arizona.
Capital Paid Lfp, -Surplus
Deposits, - -
Forei( exchange. Cable aud telegraphic,
transfers all over the world.
Accounts of Individuals, firms and corpora-
tions solicited a.nd their interests carefully
. JUAN SOUS,
In the Keating Building, ad-
joining the Drug Store.
Vocal and Instrumental Music Lessons
Under Management of
Dr. GEO. M. BROCKWAY.
Completely Restocked With
Drugs, Patent Medicines,
toilet Articles, Perfumeries
Clank Books, Stationery, Cigars, Etc
NOVELTIES ORDERED FROM TIME TO TIME.
Ray, Pinal County, Arizona.
Good Rigs, Careful Drivers.
and Good Saddle
Hay and Grain, Wholesale and Retail..
J. e. BATES, -:- Proprietor
Opposite The Florence Tbibcnb office.
In P. R. Brady, Jr's., New Building.
First-class in every respect. Meals 35 and 25
ets. Ladies dining room.
Corner 7th and Main street
C. W, HAEDY,. Prop.
Florence, - - , - Arizona.
Headquarters for the Gang.
The finest of Wines, Liquors
C. B. IICIIEA & CO.,
Corner Main and 12th streets.
Florence. - - - Arizona-
G. E. ANCULO'S
Main Street, Florence.
Is cons'tajtry supplied with Fat Beef, which
illbe furnished customers at the lowest
cash prices. We buy for cash and are eomt
pelled to sell for cash, and will use our best
endeavors to guarantee satisfaction o our
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