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f -1 tI AM J VOL. IX. FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1900. NO. 14. TV'-ra AkJ& uj&ijfef folks 1 1 ! n 1 1 n 1 1 u i n 1 1 nu i n mi niiiiiiii mi 1 1 mi 1 1 im 1 1 i m 1 1 nif 1 1 1 i 11 1 j i nniuiiu j jj u 1 1 1 1 m A.. F. BARKER, B -DEALKn IN- 1 GENERAL-:- MERCHANDISE, New, Fresh and Clean, Corner XUin and Eighth Streets. FLORENCE, ARIZ. 51 I iavo just returned from Sr.n Francisco, where 1 bought a liw'ce hJ ZZZ well wlectod stuck Of 3 I Dry Goods, Groceries, p Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, 3 -- And NOTlOSSfor spot cash rvt very low fljrtires, .! propose to srive - : id j' -customers thf benetit of my purchases. Call aud be couviuvod. t5Z I A- F". BARKER. j 11 1 1 j 1 1 n i j u f i iiHiiii03 1 1 n f 1 1 1 1 1 1 ni hi n if riiii ut hi n 11 s 1 1 1 u I ii 11 1 1 i n 1 nun 1 n rm ik iit SM PEDRO LUMBER COMPANY 1. W. BLIU2T, General Manager, Wholesale Dealers and Jobbers iu Oregon Pine or Douglas Fir, REDWOOD, SPRUCE, SHINGLES, SHAKES, ETC. i1 Yards and Wharves at San Pedro, Cal City Office. 8.9 and 130 Douzlas Block. T lC. Knrrnai, ( corner J 1 Sprine streets, uos -AllgC ICS, KjHU WATER STORAGE. Branch Yards at Long Beach, Complou, aod Waitticr, California. MININU AND MILLING LUMBER A SPECIALTY. We carry the largest and most varied stock of Mining and Building Lumber on the Coast, and are prepared at all times to execute orders on shortest possible notice. Our Milling Department is unsur passed and wc guaiantee satisfaction in all our manufactured work, which includes all kinds of Redwood or Pine Tanks. We invite correspondence and the ob taining or our prices before you purchase elsewhere. ROSAEIO BK.ENA, WHOLESALE DBA'LKU IN General Merchandise, Congress Street, Tucson. Goods bought in carload lots and sold at Prices that defy competition.' B. Heyman Furniture Co. Phoenix, Arizona. 'WW'ii JWii'&i'&j'' ' !i'-," '.'4. '. .?. ?'. ), .su. t. w it? w'w 'i- ?( vf wi? w Vi? W v? w W vi? w .!. -Si? Would Mean Great Mining Development iilntold Mineral Wealth Dependent upon Irrigation. A great share oi the West is to day almost as much an undiscovered country as it was before the cry of (Told was beard from California. Moun tains of untold richness lie undeveloped and desolate, surrounded by burning plains and barren wastes. Not only gold bnt the ba'ser metals are locked in countless tons in the rocky bosom of the western sierras. And why are they not rained? Why does not capi tal flow in to make the boulder and the earth UDburden their treasures for man's use? Why? Because of lack of water. Because of lack of transporta tion. Torrents of immense volume rush down the slopes during the period of melting snows and spread away iu glistening streams through the brown valleys or over broader plains, but in a little while their volume wanes and anon they are but dry beds of sand, supporting no life nor growth. Yet were the vast bulk of this waste water stored in moun tain reservoirs it would afford a per ennial supply, capable of irrigating millions of acres of land whose great fertility has lain dry and dormant for thousands of years. Then would the mines be developed. In sections where irrigation has forced its way, there railroads have gladly followed, and with the soil yielding the necessaries of life to man and beast in abundance and with cheap transportation at hand, mines have been developed and added millions to the mineral output, which ota erwise would have lain dormant forever. Mining and Scientific Education. -WHEN YOU WANT TO BUY -te. it? Furniture, Carpets, Crockery, Wall Paper, Send to us for prices, samples and cata logue. The largest stock in the south- () west to select from and our prices are always as low as the lowest. B. HEYMAN FURNITURE CO., Wholesale and Retail. 'W W'WW' ' ". .?. '. -w- vMc. vV!. '. .tt. 4)t, w Mr, -i? IFrom the Mining aud Scientific Press.) After all, is it not becoming; very clear that every line of mining and scientific advancement must proceed from wider knowledge and fuller un derstanding? Does not every real re form in the condition of the miner, metallurgist or mining engineer, both in his own productive activity and in his relations with other activities and' interests, depend for its realization upon more accurate knowledge and better trained reasoning and percep tion? It is not a wonder, in view of. what some miners do not fully and accurately know about their materials, conditions and environment, that they succeed at all? Of course these ques tions could as reasonably be asked, about people in other callings and professions, but wo are not dealing ivith them nor suggesting any com parisons with, them. Their deficien cies do not atone for ours, though they undoubtedly make ' ours more tolerable but that is another ques tion. The more that is. accomplished in mining aod scientific progress and certainly there is much makes it plainer that though there is no royal road to knowledge there is a kingly path away from it, leading toward all points of advancement. All the short cuts toward the elevation of the miner, socially, financially and politi cally, have yielded,: only disappoint ment and, too often, discourage meat also. There have been efforts enough of this kind to show that, briefly speaking, it is learning that is needed rather than, legislation ; it is percep tion rather than political influence; it is wisdom which will win all that is desirable both in laws and positions, when all other preparations fail to attain them. American experience during the last quarter of a century has furnished ample demonstration of the results of close investigation and hard thinking. Industries, have been built up here with new materials, under new condi tions,, and the promoters have largely wrought out the opportunity and the demand which have made them pro fitable. Our miners have developed new and characteristic processes, and something like eight hundred millions annual output to the State is the pres ent measure of accomplishment. All this is the reward, of wisdom. It is not the outcome ot mere knowledge, because the knowledge itself had to be developed step by step as each line of mastery became essential to further progress. It is the work of the crea tive function of the human mind, which is inexpressibly higher than any accomplishment of the receptive faculties, which are its servants. It discloses the ability to see clearly and truly and to think logically and per- severingly. It is a triumph of educa tion, and its testimony is valuable to us and to the world. Our own industrial accomplishments are emphatic illustrations of the truth which the world is now coming to recognize as never before. Of course, the world's leaders have alwaysknown and enjoined it upon the people. It was left to this country as a priceless legacy from its foundation, for when Washington charged his followers to ' educate the masses," he invoked the only agency by wMch the permanency of the republic could be secured. It is of universal application. The recog nition of its applicability to mining progress has been deferred, but is now wide and clear. Mining educa tion is now popular. Every mining school displays this fact in increased attendance and enlarged facilities; every intelligent and sincere mining publication feels the warmth of popu lar patronage and support; every edu cator of breadth and insight sees that the common schools must provide effectively and earnestly for training of the young along lines which min ister to elevation and which promote appreciation of the opportunities iu mining and scientific progress. There are now discernible a spirit and a purpose in these matters which are new with this generation. Such education is accepted now as a statesmanlike effort. luriog the last two decades special commissions in all civilized countries, charged to inquire into iudustrial conditions, have reached the same conclusions, viz., that while legislative reforms are essential, and they naturally differ in different nations, there is an under lying principle which is the same in all of them, and that is that the ad vancement of any class, in their own arts and in their relations to other elements of population, must be chief ly attained by systematic and liberal provision for education. That is the universal need and its demonstration, as the result of th. fullest investiga tion and the ripest thought of those who can see most deeply into existing conditions, is indisputable. So impor tant is the matter that it is no longer a piea for the miner in his own behalf; it is a demand by statesmen in the in terest of national strength, and pro gress. The miner need no longer feel that be is a clod by the roadside along which national pageants pursue their courses. Ife is borne, aloft as the holder of the key of the wowd's well being. The victories of peace and war, the achievements of commerce, are largely dependent upon his success; in fact, the whole fabric of civilization must be woveu from . the materials which he must supply by. acts of high er intelligence than have ever been hitherto required. Reclaim the Lands for Settlement. The statement that the sayiug, "Go West, young man,"' has lost its. po tency and- its force, could never be made for many years to come, if a po.icy of internal improvement should be adopted whjch would water the millions of acres of- Western public land now lying arid. As "All that tread the globe are but a hand f ul To the tribes t hat slumber In itu bosom," so the present population of the great West is but a vanguard of the multi tudes of' industrioas workers who would build up beautiful homes and rear happy families,, were the waters which now go to the sea in prodigal wastes, but. stored by the government and used to reclaim the fertile lands which to-day support only the cactus and. the horned toad. A striking in stance of what has.. ben accomplished in the West and what possibilities lie awaiting development may be found in California, which, with all its great agricultural wealth, has still 58,000, 000 acre of. government land, , more than half the area of the - State, and 17,000,000 of which are susceptible of irrigation. Yet the city of Chicago has to-day. a larger, population than California. Li LJ vLJ LJL mm, 11 Used in Millions of Homes 40 Years the? standard. A Pure. Cream of Tartar Powder, Superior to every other known. Makes delicious cake and pastry, light, flaky biscuit, griddle cakes palatable and- wholesome.- FRIOE BAKING POWDER CO., CHICAGO. Note. Avoid baking po'ders made from' alum. They look like pure powders, and may raise the cakes, but alum; is a poison and no one can eat food mixed with it. without injury to health,. Morenci &. Southern. Morenei to Outbrie, Ariz., 17.83" miles; under con struction. Streeter & Lusk, contrac tors, Chicago. C. E. Mills, superinten dent, and M. W. Wambauch, C. F., both of Morenci, Ariz. Saginaw Southern. End of track, 11 miles south of Williams, Ariz., south to Jerome, Ariz., 36 miles; under construction ; a number of spurs are proposed, agggregatiug 75 miles. J. B. Cirard, C. E., Williams, Ariz. Arizona Railway Building In Prospect. From the Railway Age, March 16. . Gila Vally, Globe & Northern. Gila, Ariz., to Black Warror mines and Con tinental, 18 miles; surveyed and 8 mil as. tinder construction to Black Warrior mine3, A. C. Laird, secretary, Los Angeles, Cal. ; Benj Jones, super intendent, Globe, Ariz. Santa.. Fe & Grand Canyon. Wil liams, Ariz., to. the Grand Canyon of the Colorado river, 03 miles under construction and 25 miles of track laid in 1899 ; 45 miles of track now laid. P. F, Eandall, C. E, E., Williams, Ariz. ; J. H. Richards & Sons, contractors, Uolbrook, Ariz.. Arizona & Utah. Chloride to White nills.'Ariz., 23 miles;, under contract to Kennefick & Lusk, New York and Chicago. There is talk of a further extension of about 200 miles to a con nection with, a Utah &. Pacific at Uvada, at the state line between Utah and Nevada.. S. B McConnico, vice president and general manager, and S. M. McCartney, C. E., both of Kingman, Ariz.. Santa Fe, Prescott: & Phoenix. Phoenix to Globe, . Ariz., 80 miles. W. A. Drake, G. EM Prescott, Ariz. Globe,. Phoenix- & Copper Belt. Globe to Prescott, Ariz., 80 miles. L. U. Chalmers, Pioeuix,. Ariz.. x , Salting Mines in Mexico. "Mine salting nowadays has devel oped into a very-nice art," said an en gineer and assay er who lately returned to the states from the inspection of soraj properties in old Mexico, to a New Orleans Times-Democrat reporter. "In former times it was done- crudely. A rascal who wanted to give fictitious values to a worthless prospect hole generally bought or stole u sack of high grade ore and simply scattered it about the excavation, where the victim would be likely to pick up a few pieces for sampling. If an exposed ledge was to be dealt with he sometimes fixed up a $20 gold piece, loaded the dust into a shotgun and fired it against the sur faces from which specimens would be taken. But at present greater fineness is needed. The up-to-date purchaser insists upon having fresh ore blasted from beneath the surface, where it could not possibly be tampered with, and seals it up in a little canvas, sack for the assayer with his own hands. It is then that the latest development, the hypodermic syringe, ccraes-iuto play. The scientific mine Salter has one of those handy little implements In his coat pockets, charged with a so lution of chloride of gold. He watches for an opportunity, and when one-presents itself, quietly thrusts the tip of the needle through the canvas sack and gives the piston a gentle push. The consequence is that a few drops of the liquid are discharged over the sur face of the ore. The quantity of gold in the solution is almost infinitesimal, but it is enough to 'run up, an assy $1,000 a ton. Meanwhile the 'sucker' is tranquil in the knowledge that he has selected the samples himself and has them safely sacked under his own private seal. Hypodermic mine salt ing is all the go in Mexico at present. It beats the old method to death. crops by machines instead of by 1 ordinary method of the hand sick Rice irrigation contemplates a cc plete flooding of the field and leavi the roots under water, rice being aquatic plant. This being the ca the only way left for harvesting is negroes to wade into the marsh and the grain by hand. The Louis; planters, however, lay their fields iu plats and throw up furrows aroi them, forming little walls or levt Then at the proper time the water turned in and the rice grows. Wl the grain is just about matured, th miniature walls are broken down, the water runs of. After several d the ground is dry and firth enough allow horses and machines to go u it and harvest it as they would wli or other grains. This places the i crop of Louisana abreast of these ot crops, whereas under the old metho is a hundred years to the rear.. W would next year's wheat crop be 1 harvest were dependent upon, sick Aod yet with the exception of tl Louisana fields, the rice crop of South is to-day irrigated and cut j was a century before Brigham You followers laid out their first ditc the wilds of Utah. The Graphic is dead and its ei attempts to tell why, but misses point. It died because Secretary A became tired of "putting up" fo The only chance it had of conti existence rested on the secreti "sack," and when that was close Graphic dropped of its own we Mr. Akers wanted an organ strangely enough in vie w of Iiis p cal ambitions, hit upon' the idea; paper "to exploit the beauties of zona," reasoning that the patrOHa--the secretary's office would ket alive until the beauty idea took a hold on the people. The Arizona :, association paralyzed the patro scheme, but not until the "sack"" become attenuated ; the beauty ; wouldn't work. The secretary k more about the newspaper bus' now thau lie did a short-time I rumor says about $3,000 worth. I nix Republican. Irrigated Rice Fields. The most productive rice lands are always irrigated. Over a hundred thousand acres of rice are irrigated in Louisiana, and the method em ployed by the planters place them - at the head of the world in rice culture. Their advantage lies in irrigating in such manner that they, can cut tliuir Jf 5 ; t M I 'JJI VV9U Candle Nothing 1sa arid n mn. ' to the charm of tha rirawii room or boadoir at tbo noft lj rat "t liL-ht from iJORlVlVA nT.,H, - NcthtiiK will contribute mare to t ' arxirtuc HnecesB ot the innchec '. tea or dinner. The bert decorati I camiies for tbo simplest or t mo?t elaborate function for r tape or mansion. Mado in all cole aud tiio moat delicat tiute by - . BTANDAKO OIL CO. - a and sold ovorywboro.