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The Florence tribune. [volume] (Florence, Ariz) 1892-1901, August 18, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94050572/1900-08-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO. U.
In Irrigation Lies the Salvation of
the Nation,
George H. Maxwell Sets Forth Clearly and
Plainly What the People Must Do
With Their Acres of Arid
. New, Fresh and Clean,
Corner Main and Eighth
I have just returned from San Francisco, where 1 bought a large and
., well selected otook of , ,
Dry Goods; Groceries,
Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps,
And NOTIONS for spot cash at very low figures, and propose to give
my customers the benefit of my purchases.
Call and be convinced.
!Wr",3 'WWW
in nu
flDIill UUit
L. W. BL1TO, General Manager,
Wholesale Dealers and Jobbers in
Oregon Pile or Douglas Fir
Yards and Wharves at San Pedro, Cal.
City Office, 428, 429 and 130 Donelas Block,T,no A nrvnlnc fnl
corner 3rd and Spring streets, iJUJ XillclCS, -iU.
Branch Yards at
Long lieaeb, Com p ton, and
"We carry the largest and most varied
stock of Mining and Building Lumber on
the Coast, and are prepared at all times to
execute orders on shortest possible notice.
Our Milling Department is unsur
passed and we guaiantee satisfaction in all
our manufactured work, which includes all
kinds of Redwood or Pine Tanks.
"We invite correspondence and the ob
taining or our prices before you purchase
'! 'V -iv -IV- -iv- -IV- Vi- -V -V -IV VV- VIV VV- VIV VV VIV ViV VIV VIV 'V ViV Vv VV itV VI V
B. Heyman Furniture Co.
Phoenix, Arizona.
Furniture, Carpets,
Crockery, Wall Paper,
Send to us for prices, samples and cata
logue. The largest stock in the south
CD west to select from and our prices aro
always as low as the lowest.
B. HEYMAN FURNITURE CO., Wholesale and Retail.
Vivlv" VI? Viv VI? viv1 VI? Viv V? Vi? vi? VI? VI? Vl? VlvrVVc'5.? VI? VI? Vlf Vl? Vl? Vl? Vv VI? Vi?
Florence Hotel,
L. K. DRAIS, - Proprietor.
Newly Furnished and Befitted.
Will be run
Table supplied with the best
the market affords.
Elegantly Furnished Kooms
Bar Constantly Supplied With
the Choicest Wines, Liquors
and Cigars.
Patronage of Commercial men and the gen
eral piiiiuu rcspei'iiuuvsoiiciteu.
The Valley Bank,
Wm. Christy, President.
M. H. Hhkuuan, Vice-President.
M. W. Mebsinqeb, Cashier.
Receive Deposits,
Make Collections,
Buy and Sell Exchange
Discount Commercial Paper and do a
General Bunking Business. Office
Hours, 9 a. m, to 3 p. in.
A merieanExohanee National Bank. N. Y.
The Anglo-California Bank, San Fraucisco
Am. bxchancre Nat'l Bank, Chicago.. III.
Firat National Bank. Los Angeles.
Bank ot Arizona, Prescott, Arizona.
(From the Anaconda News, July 25)
George H. Maxwell, executive chair
man of the National Irrigation associa
tion, delivered an exceedingly inter
esting and intsrtaining lecture last
evening at the Margaret. The subject
ot Mr, Maxwell's lecture was irriga
tion and he handled it in a manner
which showed that he has given the
subject the deepest thought. During
the entire two hours of Mr. Maxwell's
lecture bis listeners mere held in clos
est attention. Mr. Maxwell's profound
knowledge of the question upon which
he talked was clearly evidenced
throughout the entire lecture. II is
argument was set forth clearly and
plainly. lie did not attempt any great
flights or oratory. He knew he ad
dressed men wbo like to bear the truth
and hear it in plain words. Mr. Max
well, however, made up for bis sparse
nse of big words by his intense earn
estness, lie has a way of getting right
down to the bottom of his subject and
he has ever in mind the fact that it is
his chief aim to make his audience
understand instead of bewildering
them with long and involved sentences.
Last night's audience was heart
and soul with Mr. Maxwell. They
had come there to hear the vast
problem of irrigation elucidated and
they heard it. They applauded the
speaker liberally, but were not bois
terous in their demonstration. They
took into their minds the points which
Mr. Maxwell set forth and they will
think them over calmly at their leisure.
Mr. Maxwell haa an excellent voice
and a splendid stage presence. His
words come with distinctness of bell
notes and could easily be beard in
every part of the bouse.
The lecture was under the auspices
of the Deer Lodge County Trades and
Labor assembly. John K. Boarman,
city attorney, presided, and introduced
Mr. Maxwell in a few words.
Mr. Maxwell at once plunged into
his subject. He said that although the
people of Anaconda do not live in a
community where irrigation is a mat
ter of vital importance at this time,
the people of this region are daily be-
coming more concerned with it." In
that way he accounted for the interest
which is being taken in the meetings
throughout the country. The purpose
of the organization which he repre
sented was to impress upon the people
of the nation the importance of irriga
tion. So far, unfortunately, only a
few realize the magnitude of the pos
sibilities which the problem involves.
If one were to ask every man he meets
what should be done with the waste
waters of the west, 99 out of a hundred
would sav he didn't know. But the
light is rapidly spreading and the peo
ple are coming to a realization of what
is before them.
"Irrigation to-day is not only one of
the greatest questions before the peo
ple. It is by all odds the greatest, and
the people are going to solve it as they
solve every other great question
The land problem, said Mr. Maxwell
is the underlying basis of' social
economy. Macaulay said that the re
publican institutions of this country
would endure so long as there is an
outlet for the surplus population
when the outlet is stopped and the
cities begin to get blocked then the
republican institutions will begin to
crumble and fall. Mr. Maxwell did
not subscribe to the prophecy. The
American people bad grappled with
great questions before and they had
solved them : they are solving tbem to
day. The fact that about all the land
where irrigation is not needed has been
taken up and converted into farms is
not a cause of alarm. There are mil
lions upon millions of acres of rich and
fertile land in the United States which
awaits but the magic touch of water
to make it blossom and bloom even as
does the land of the Mississippi valley.
The people own two-thirds of the en
tire western half of the United States.
What is it worth, what are its capabil
ities, what will it accomplish and do?
The government owns 100,000,000 acres
of land which is capable of reclama
tion by irrigation. The government
land alone in the western territory is
enough to support a population greater
than the entire population of the Unit
ed States at this time. If the flood
waters that now go to waste and carry
destruction with them as they go were
stored in reservoirs and used as they
are required for the reclamation of
land the "great unwatered empire of
the West" would, within ten years, af
ford homes, and comfortable
yJuo j
Dr. Price's Baking Powder is the true
friend of all the people, rich and poor
alike. It supplies a pure, wholesome
leavening agent, which makes the biscuit
and cake of highest healthf ulness at medium
cost and protects the food from alum,
which isthe greatest dietary danger of the day.
The foremost baking powder
in all the world.
Note. Alum baking powders are low priced, as
alum costs but two cents a pound ; but
alum is a corrosive poison and it renders the
baking powder dangerous to use ia food.
Mr. Maxwell dwelt at length and
with great force upon the reclamation
of arid land in relation to coming gener
ations. New opportunities must be
created, said the speaker, for not only
those who are in the world to-day,
bat for those who are to come after us.
What is to become of the boy? That
is the question. It rests upon the peo
ple of to-day to provide him with the
same chance as they themselves had.
It is their duty to give him everything
that American citizenship implies.
The only way this duty can be dis
charged is by opening up to this com
ing generation the lands of the West,
even as the lands of the Mississippi and
Ohio valleys were opened for ns by
those who came before.
In those regions, however, continued
the speaker, the opportunities were at
hand for every man. He who had a
span of horses and a spade received im
mediate benefits. It took no bank ac
count, no capital, to cultivate the lands
of the Middle West. Only the strong
arm of industry was required. It is
not so in the West. The individual
man is powerless in the great desert
He is hopeless alone. He is as un
equipped to cope with the difficulties
that beset him at the very beginning
as he is to wash away with a wave of
his hand the mountains which sur
round Anaconda.
The fundamental proposition is that
the federal government must furnish
the capital necessary to reclaim these
desert, these arid lands. The federal
government must build these great
irrigation works; it must bring the
water on the land, so that when the
home builder sticks his plow into the
ground the water will follow the furrow.
Every one knows that the federal
government is spending millions upon
millions every year for the construc
tion of great levees and breakwaters
on the Mississippi. It has lined the
river for hundreds oi miles with the
great, high embankments, is building
reservoirs at the heads of the Missis
sippi and the Ohio for the purpose of
holding back the flood of waters so
that the lower country shall not be in
undated and its property destroyed.
If this money were spent in building
dams in the foothills and on the bench
lands where natural opportunities are
presented for the construction of
dams, the flood of waters would be
held back, and later could be turned
to account upon prosperous farms in
stead ot carrying death aud destruc
tion into the low lands as they now do.
Mr. Maxwell said that to talk of pri
vate construction of irrigation works
is futile. It simply cannot be done.
The government must do it, and the
water must forever be held free for the
benefit of the user.
The speaker paid a high tribute to
1 inhcur nr0-nni7.fLt.innn nnrl Maid it lfttr
1 . pi j
nomes, 1 wit,hin their power to accomplish this
for ten times its present population. I (.hing, whieh would bring such a bless
ing upon millions of paople. The labor
anions of the West must carry the doc
trine into the cities of the East. They
mu6t point out to their brethren in the
overcrowded sections that, while the
reclamation of arid lands would be o
inestimable benefit to tbe West, it
would be tenfold more beneficial to
those of the East. The labor organiza
tions soon will be confronted with the
desperate situation in the East of two
men for every job. There is no way
to relieve this congestion unless the
lands of the vast western domain are
thrown open and plaied within the
reach of the actual settler. Therefore
it is the duty of labor organizations to
make plain to their fellow workmen
tbe great necessity for finding an out
let for the surplus of labor with which
they soon will be face to faee.
The speaker quoted statistics to show
that with 1 I-100th per cent of the
area of California irrigated that por
tion produced more in farm products
than the entire value of the mineral out
put. In Colorado the situation was the
same. In that state one and one-third
of one per cent of the area is irrigated
and its products exceed in value the
sum total of the whole mineral output.
The area of pub'ic land in Montana
aud Idaho, exclusive of that nnder
private ownership, exceeds the entire
area of France. Yet Fr.ir.ce supports
a population of 35,000,000 people. The
same number could erect and maintain
homes in this region.
Mr. Maxwell sounded a note of warn
ing against the danger of water monop
olies. When canals and reservoirs
and irrigation works are built bv
private interests, as they are to a con
siderable extent, the owners of the
land should organize land owners
canal companies aud sell shares of the
stock to farmers and not sell any
water rights of syndicates. He urged
the adoption of an amendment to the
Montana constitution declaring all
irrigation "works to be public utilities,
the theory being that the water neces
sary to irrigate an acre of land shall
belong to the acre of land itseif.
The speaker deprecated the control of
canals and water rights by irrigation
companies. He said that such com
panies stand toward the farmers who
buy or rent the water in the relation
ship of landlord and tenant, and tbe
Anglo-Saxon makes a mighty poor
Mr. Maxwell's concluding remarks
were devoted to an appeal for unity of
purpose and organization for the furth
erance of tbe plans he had outlined dur
ing the course of his address. He paid a
high tribute to the industrisl school sys
tem and maintained that every county
in every state should be equipped
with an industrial school. In Califor
nia, his home, be said the educational
system ends at the state university.
One boy out of every thousand gets
to the university, the other 9',)3'fall by
the wayside. They had one industrial"
school at Pasadena, said he, where a
boy learns everything to qualify him'
for the battle of life. A boy who goes-
through that school comes out ot it
ready to do his part. He can build a'
house or he can sink an artesian well,'
or he can put up a pump ; in fact, he
ean do anything and everything that
is necessary for him to do to make'
a living. The girls learn to cook and
to keep bouse. The speaker denounced
the system nf higher education where
a boy learns how to translate Latin' '
and Greek and where he learns all
about trigonometry and such things,'
but does not learn how to do anything
where by he can earn an honest living.'
At the conclusion of Mr. Maxwell's
lecture he was given a hearty hand of
indorsement by those who had listened
to bim in rapt attention. The distin
guished irrigating expert will lecture
at Butte to-night. Thence he goes'
to Helena, to Bozeman, Livingston
and Billings, leaving the state on
Sunday for his home at Chicago. Mr.
Maxwell has just come from an exten
sive tour, of the northern portion of
tbe state. He spoke at points along
the Geat Northern, in a region where
the subject he discusses is one of vital
interest to the people, and everywhere
he meets with a hearty welcome. Mr
Maxwell expects to return to Montana
again for a second course of lectures
in the near future, and the people oi
this state will greet him cordially. In.
the meantime it is the earnest hope of
those who were entertained by him"
last evening that be may meet with
the utmost success wherever he goes
and that the great principles which he
expounds may find indorsement ia
every community.
A rich lady cured of her deafness"
and noises in the head by Dr. Nichol
son's Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,'
000 to his Institute, so that deaf people
unable to procure the Ear Drums may
have them free. Address No. 190o The
Nicholson Institute, 7S0 Eighth Avenue,
New York. m5-ly
Don't tie the top of your
and d reserve Jars la
old fashioned way. Seal
them by the new, quiok.
absolutely Bur way oj
a thin coating orpure.
renned rarainne wax.
Haa no taste or odor.
Is air tight and acid
proof. Easily applied.
Useful in a dozen other
wavH about the house.
Full directions with
each pound cake. -
Sold everywhere.

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