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The Florence tribune. [volume] (Florence, Ariz) 1892-1901, March 09, 1901, Image 1

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OL. X.
NO. 1
H. Shaw Successfully Dalves in Pre
historic Ruins of Arizona.
From the Tucson Star.
C. II. Shaw, aa antiquarian of Chi
cago, and now a resident of Phoenix,
who has delved among the prehistoric
ruins of Arizona for several years, re
cently discovered a necklace consisting
of twenty-eight blue turquoise stones,
unusually rare for size, beauty and
value. Tha stones were discovered in
a ruiu near Cisi GrauJe, in which
Shnw found many other prehisloris rel
ies of iutereit, such as stone slabs
and crude' implements. The necklace
and other relies discovered have been
removed to his private museum and
form tha laost valuable part of a rare
collection of relics of antiquity gathered
from the stamping grounds of tha Iu
dians and prehistoric nvvs of all parti
of Arizona. The necklace is probably
one of the most magnificent arrays of
turquoise in existence and would be a
prize in the treasury of tha Shah of
Arizona tradition tells of the greit
predilections of the aborigines for beads
and trinkets bearing many large ston-is,
aud they were induced to part with
them by the early traders for almost
valueless trinkets. The mounds of the I
mound builders and the Aztecs in vari
ous parts of Ariz-ma and New Mexico
abound in antique vessels of earthen
ware, studded with tha most valuable
specimens of turqnoise, bat the relie
seeker and tha vandals have removed
nearly all the surface spjoimeas of that
kiud and in some places have done more
or less excavating.
Incorporation a Failure.
From the Globe Silver Belt.l
The movement for the disineorpora
tion of the Town of Globe took definite
shape last Saturday in the circulation
of petitions favoring such action, aDd
which petitions bare been signed al
ready, we are creditably informed, by
the necessary two-thirds of the tax
payers of the town whose names are
on the assessment roll.
The Silver licit favors and will con
tinue to advocate disiucorporatioii
for one reason among others, that it
is an expensive luxury, for which the
compensating advantages are ridicu
lously inadequate. Aside from the
sprinkling of the main street, the town
has derived no benefit of consequence
from beinir incorporated, and the sani
tary conditious are if anything worse
cow than when the town organization
went into effect nine mouths ago. The
ordinances passed, and few of which
have been enforced, are too numerous
aud too exacting in their provisions.
What was needed w as a simple vil
lage government, to enforce such sani
tary measures as would keep the town
reasonably clean, to sprinkle and keep
in condition the main s'reet and to
maintain order and punish misdemean
ors; and the salaries of town officers
should have been made correspond
ingly small.
There is a good deal of false senti
mentality, and we might truthfully
say, hypocrisy, expressed over the
alleged moral benefit from incorpora
tion, which is exposed when the fael is
made known that vice is suppressed In
one place and licensed in another with
in the town limits. There are laws on
oar territorial statute books to regulate
vice. Why not enforce them without
discrimination ?
The council declare that if after the
lacts given in their statement nave
been presented and "a majority" of the
taxpayers still stand for disineorpora-
tion, the council will gladiy acquiesce
aud abide by tho will of the people,
That is ail that can reasonable be
asked of them, and they will certainly
be called opon to fulfill that promise,
The following stateineut presents the
views of those who favor disineorpora'
First. The Federal census far 1903
shows the. population within the cor
porate limits of the Town of Globe to
be only 1430, a number by far too small
to justify or admit of the expense of an
Second. The assesrnent roll of the
incorporated Town of Globe for the
year 11)00 shows a total valuation of
real and personal property to be only
$ 3(i5,G12 and a levy of six mills on tho
dollar, the limit in the absence of a
bonded indebtedness, makes available
only $JlUXo7 for the use of the town.
Third. The law of 181)3, under which
Globe was incorporated, provides that
not exceeding four mills on the dollar
may be levied on the assessed valuation
of the property within the town limits
for the purpose of paying the salaries
. of officers and the ordinary contingent
expenses of the corporation.
Fourth. The present salaries of the
officers of the Town of Globe are as
. follows, per month: Marshal, $30;
Watchman, $50; Clerk, $50; Attorney.
$25 being a total of $215 per month
and $25S0 per year, which is $3S0.S3
more than the total receipts of the
Town from property tax, and $1117.50
mora than can be legally paid to them.
By a four per cent levy under the law
of 1803 only $14(12.44 is available to pay
all officers' salaries. OSiccrs' salaries
instead of being limited to four mills
on the dollar amount to more than
seven mills on the dollar of the asses
sed valuation of property within the
town limits, which is more than the
Town collects if every cent of the prop
erty tax were piid.
Fifth. The present rate of county
taxation of tho inhabitants of Globe,
exclusive of corporation taxt is $3.87
on each $100 worth of property owned.
The present rata of corporation tax is
CO cents on each $100 of property
owned. Should the corporation incur
an indebtedness and levy an assess
ment of ten mills on the dollar as it
might do under the law of 1803, the
total tax paid by its inhabitants would
be $4.87 on each. $100, of tho property
owned. The time to disincorporate is
NOW, while the Town is out of debt.
Sixth. While Globe is a lively min
ing, town, it is located ou extremely
rough, hilly and Urokeuground, which
precludes the idea of grading streets
and sidewalks and putting in a sewer
system without creating such an in
debtedness as woull be ruinous to the
business interests of the Town.
Seventh. On the ground of moral
ity the council prohibits women going
into saloons. For the purpose of rev
enue it licenses but dues not regulate
flagrant prostitution in contravention
of the general statute.
Eighth. These and other licenses
are collected and taxes levied to pro
mote the peace, order and general wel
fare of the Tow-n. The county should
be relieved of the expense of punish
ing offenses covered both by general
statute e.nd ordinance, and yet the ex
pense to the county has been but about
$100 less each quarter for the proseeu
tiou of criminal cases than it was be
fore incorporation, while taxpayers
have paid besides licenses, an addition'
al tax of six mills on the dollar.
Ninth, The expenditures author
ized by the Town Council during the
time of incorporation amount to
$.Wji 24. Of this amount, except for
street sprinkling, less then $300. has
been expended for any public improve
ment. Teuth. With an nnappreciable dif-.
ference, the accessary expanse of the
sheriff's office aud the justice of the
peace is the same now as before incor
poration. The sheriff and his depu
ties should be compelled to include in
his expenses arrests made under gen
eral statute and covered by ordinance,
for the prosecution of which taxpayers
pay an additional tax of six mills on
the dollar as well as licenses collected
from legitimate and. necessary occupa
tions and business.
.y Cream
Dr Price's Baking Powder supplies a pure,
wholesome , leavening agent, which makes the
biscuit and cake of highest heakhfulness at
medium cost and protects the food from alum,
which is the greatest dietary danger of the day
The f of emost BaMug: mwiet
Commissioner Hermann Approves
Hansbrcugh Bill Some Suggestii
m ail me wot
Note. Alum baking powders are low priced, as
alum costs but two cents a pound ; but
alum is a corrosive poison and it renders the
baking powder dangerous to use in food.
For Small Settlers.
Congress is beginning to recognize
that the national irrigation propa
ganda is not a scheme to irrigate vast
tracts of private- lands at public ex
pense, thereby putting monkey into the
hands of speculators and those already
weli able to take care of themselves;
but that it contemplates the reclama
tion and putting upon the land of bona
fide settlers home-builders. When this
idea beeotnes firmly grounded in the
minds of Eastern men that the land
is not to be reclaimed- and then jobbed
away in large tracts, but that it is to be
safe-guarded so that it will become
available for the small settler who
wants to take up forty or eighty acres,
and build a home upon it and stick bis
plow iu to the soil and let the water
follow his furrow, then there will be
very little opposition to storing, by
the Government, of the flood waters of
the West, so as to make it available
for such use.
Such a policy carried out would peo
ple tho arid West 'with the same class
of citizens as the early pioneers who
settled the great Mississippi valley,
carving out for themselves and their
children homes in the wilderness, and
making and creating their living and
prosperity from the soil.
Attorney Geo, R, ili.ll ha3 returned
from Florence and Troy camp, where
h.3 has been in company with Chas. II,
Cutting, manager of the Troy Copper
company, looking up the title of the
Southerland group of copper mines
Mr. Hill say3 that the new wagon road
from Riverside to Troy ts an assured
proposition, and that work is already
commenced, as those interested intend
to push the road to completion before
the people of Globe do anything to
draw the trade of that section to this
place. Silver Belt.
Jacob Siiter, the hardware ram, his
wife aud child left for Los Angeles
Saturday morning, where they go to
have a surgical operation performed
0n the child's limb. Silver Belt.
Debate in the House of Representatives.
It was somewhat contradictory to
hear Representative Mondell, of Wyom
ing, urging the reclamation of the arid
lands, in the House of Representatives,
and invoking the arid land reclamation
plank of the Philadelphia Republican
platform, and "Uuele Joe Cannon, of
Illinois, aod Representative Urosvenor,
of Ohio, repudiating this plank as
''ornamental," not binding, etc.
If the Eastern Republicans of the
House are not very careful and do not
soon wake up to the situation, they
will get into an embarrassing tangle
over the arid land irrigation question,
which Is growing stronger and strong
er with each day.
The opportunity was just right in the
House, had the Democrats as a whole
been alive to the situation and to the
irrigation question, for the Democratic
party to place the Republicans in a
bad predicament, for the key note of
the Western irrigation, question is
"home-building," and the Republican
party has heretofore always cham
pioned this class of settlement. The
Democrats, by now favoring this idea
themselves of providing homes in the
Wdst for thousands of American citi
zens, could with entire consisteney
charge the Republicans with having
forsaken their old-time policy for that
of colony-building.
ing homes to millions at only a fraction
of the prices asked in this section for
irrigated lands. It has been estimated
that the average eost of irrigating arid
lands in the West is about $8 per acre.
Operating on a large scale, with all the
facilities which the United States gov
ernment enjoys for such work, this
price should be reduced to $5 an acre,
at the most. Taking the larger figure,
however, and allowing for contingen
cies, the government could afford to
sell these lands to actual settlers at $10
an acre, ou easy, terms. At present,
such lands in California are easily
worth from ten to thirty times this
price. Why, then, try to make a bogie
man of the cost of the enterprise?
Such objections as those raised by
the two Congressmen referred to are,
however, becoming scarce. Our states
men re rapidly becoming aroused in
regard to the importance of the nation
al irrigation movement. Recently the
Irrigation Committee and the Public
Lands Committee of the House held
four meetings in one week, and dis
cussed irrigation, with full attendances.
Notwithstanding the unfortunate fact
that the House has knocked out the ap
propriation of $100,000 for the Gila River
dam, a much-needed improvement, we
of the West have good reason to be en
couraged at the outlook for this most
Important movement.
Tneson is the first man applied to.
And tha latter seems to be never hap
pier than when meeting such calls
upon him. A recent example is the
detection of bismuth in s ime minerals
sent to the school by a prospector. A
little while ago the alum deposits near
Globe were determined by the same
authority, and farther back we recall
valuable caution given as to the report
ed platinum discoveries in the northern
part of the territory.
In California, the State Mineralogical
Bureau occupies a similar relation to
the miner, and has done an immense
amount of good by the determination
of unusual minerals, the collection of
mining statistics, and thedisscmination
through bulletins and annual reports
of valuable practical information. Is
there not a field for the same class of
work in Colorado, and would it not be
one that our Sehool of Mines at Goliea
could advantageously cultivate? We
mean, with advantage to the school, as
well as the miner.
rroai the Wusliintrton Post.l '
Senator Hansbrough, of Nort' :
lcota, recently referred to the in ;
department for au opinion on b
providing that nil moneys re S
from the sale of public lands i ,
urid and senii-ariu regions shall ;
aside- as au "arid hmd' rcclan
fund" for the construction of
voirs and other hydraulic work '
the storage and diversion of i
Commissioner Hermann, of the gt :
la&d oiiici', Ins rfi-oinm ended t J
seerct-ry X the interior that a
able report be made upon the bin
amcnl iients to meet several Si -tior.B
he hr,s offered. -
The commissirner says tha
question arises whether the g
ment shall take the position of j
dividual appropriator, or whet
has the powers to take the wat;
the arid lands in its own right ";
the former ease he thinks that t!--retary
of the interior should be at
ized to comply with the state or ;
torial laws. Hat, he says, a revt
the acts relating to public land;
mioiv that the right3 of the f
ment are superior as regards a,;
appropriated waters. He says
recent decision of the supreme :
cleurly indicates that the United !;.
Ins the right to the continued llj
the waters that have not been al:
appropriate-. . j
The commissioner recommend:
the" lands rq-iircd for the res
and the lactis to be irrigated bj
withdrawn from homestead ent
fore their survey, ins'ead of defi
the withdrawal until the land:
been surveyed. Iu the latter c;
claims that as sooa as the surv
appeared on the ground, entri.:
doubtedly would be made for a ;
ber of tiscts, which would be ess
to the enterprise. '
The lands, he says, should be tl
open to settlement before the (
voir is actually constructed inste
wailing until tho water is ready j
delivered, as thereby the lands J
be seftled upon gradually and t
avoided by wonld-be locators, ,
Irrigation Fact and Fiction.
From tlio Los Angeles Times. J
During a recent debate in the House
on a bill appropriating $100,000 for ai
investigation of underground currents
and artesian wells in the arid land
regions, and the preparation of reports
upon the best methods of utilizing all
water resources of those regions, there
was quite a lengthy discussion, in the
course of which Mr. Hill of Connecticut
stated that the great scheme of irriga
tion would cost the government $oG,-
000,000,000. Mr. Cannon was more
modest, predicting that if the sheme
were entered upon it would cost more
than $750,000,000 in the next fifty years.
Such statements as these are
wild and chimerical, and will. not bear
even a brief investigation. It is proba
ble that the entire scheme of national
irrigation, as now outlined, would not
cost more than, one-fifth as much as
Mr. Cannon asserts. Would it not be a
good investment? These gentlemeut
have evidently given little serious
thought to the subject, or else, from
what has already been accomplished in
the way of reclaiming arid lands ia the
West, they would realize that such an
investment by the United States gov
eminent is one of the very best that
could be made, both from the direct
standpoint of returns to be received
from the sale of the lands after they
are reclaimed, and, indirectly, from the
vastly increased taxable property that
would thus be created.
The government can receive back
from settlers every cent that it expends
in reclaiming the arid lands, and could,
if it saw fit, even make a large profit
ou tho transaction, while still, furnish-
Irrigated Homes.
In the irrigation debate in the House
of Representatives Representative Bell ,
of Colorado, stated that he had served
on a special committee which went to
the arid West to investigate conditions
of labor and capital, and that they
found in Utah the best labor conditions
of any where in the United States.
"Why,"he said,." did we find there
the best condition of labor? The reason
given was that the men employed in
the coal mines aud in the metalliferous
mines and everywhere else had small
homes on this irrigated land, and when
ever there was a shortage of work the
miners of Utah went . to their little
homes and cultivated their land. A
family can raise more on one acre of
good fertile irrigated land, in my judg
ment, than can be raised oa an average
of three or four acres in the Eastern
States. This condition quadruples the
inducement for laboring men to make
homes on this land, causes them to
take a lively interest iu their reclamation."
This is the merry, merry lay a
northern editor sings 'over the reeent
rain: "A short time since the cjw
was sad; she scarce could raise her
head, begad ! Her hoofs were sore,
her tail was limp; her mane and bangs
had lost their crimp; and miles she
trudged from grass to drink, with
siarce strength enough to think. Her
owner, too, looked blue and glum, and
cussed the cattle business some. But
since the rain the grass is tall, the
cow can raise her hod and bawl; her
hide is sleek, no bones protruda, she
prances like a eity dude. Her tail is
sleek, her eyes are bright; she sports
and dares the crowd to fight. Her
owner, too, digs up the chink and asks
the boys to take a drink. God bless
the rain, the welcome rain ; it makes a
man feel young again. He feels like
tossing up his hat and cheering like a
A Good Arizona Example. .
IFrom the Dover Miuinj Roioitor.l
Among the mauy good things that
Arizona possesses, not the least, by a
Very long ways, isthe School of Mines
department of its university at Tucson.
More than this, the faculty of the
6chool seems to be constantly giviug
out desirable bits of information as
tathe mineral resources of the terri
tory, Arizona prospectors and mining
men, when they run across something
new, appear to have acquired the habit
of sendinj a sample to Prof. Blake of
the scnoji ; or, wnen tney encounter a
phenomenon about which they want
pjQre light, the kindly old gontlcmaaat
The New Comstoak Mining company
has been orgauizel in Los Angeles by
S. C. Bagg and other prominent people
of the Angel City. Mr. Bagg was for
years a prominent figue in the affairs
of Tombstone and Coebise county.
where he was engaged in mining aud
newspaper work. The mining claims
proposed to be operated by this com
pany are on the Colorado river, in the
vicinity of the Sheeptrail mill, and are
said to be big bodies of gold bearing
rock. Mr. Haas located the mines last
summer and did enough work ou them
to ascertain their value, and then con
cluding they were too big to work
with limited eapital decided to organize
a company to operate them in a legiti
mate manner. The company will be
gin work on the properties in tha near
future. Mohave Miner.
A rich lady cured of her dor
and noises in the head by Dr. K
son's Artificial Ear Drams, gav(!
000 to his Institute, so that deaf p
unable to procure the Ear Drum:
have them free. Address No. 100
NicholRon Institute, 780 Eighth Av
New York. ml
John Ilanee, the famous Grand
yon guide, was a welcome caller t
News oflice Monday. Mr. Hance
was a long and steadfast friend o
late W. U. Asharst, rendered vi
service in locating the body of his
friend. Mr. Hance, with' othe
the rescue party, state that the br
Mr. Ashurst fell about 1.200 feet
it was an utter impossibility to gi
body out. Williams News.
B. B. Denurehas established s
station at Little Meadows for th
venience of the traveling public
will heep supplies of all kit.
T Mohave Miner. J
Mike Rice, the well-known t
and newspaper writer, arrived in
man Monday last and has gone i:
the mines. Mohave Miner. i
Left Kin Law nootn at Hi Of5,
The late Senator Davis was k
as one of the foremost stndenl?
Shakespeare cf the present day;
in his heme he had a mnenificf
brary. A remarkable thing Ebou ;
library was thst there was not a t1
law bonk in the collection, for dj
the last 2a years of his life he raj
a rule never to bring his business
to his fireside. i
Have San and Air.
In ppife of their unsanitary 1
the Chinese often escape lisxi.i
caue their houses are well vent
and the children receive a dail j
bath.' j
Postmaster Kellner has beed asked
by the department for his recommen
dation about establishing a mail route
from Globe via the Black Warrior to
Silver King and abandon the route
from Florence to Silver King. The new
route would certainly accommodate a
large number of people from here to
I'iuto creek. Silver Belt.
r$w,'?JiT "bey 8lV0 "eft Ml
m'UM;fe'?lint- so odor. i'M:
-U Mj Many styles. Sold K$ .
everywhere. ' J?:
I ...LP, 4Sg4t

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