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FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, MAY 4, L901. NO. 11 ' ARIZONA'S MAKE-UP. A Paper Recently Road Before the Flor ence Twentieth Century Club. The geographical and political divi sions of Arizona is a subject which can hardly be considered "mighty interest ing reading," to use the words of the "lamented Horace Ureely, yet if any section of the country can be so con sidered it certainly is our fair terri tory, with its unlucky thirteen coun ties. Organized out of New Mexico in February, 18(53, It lias borne the badge of territorial servitude for more than thirty-eight years, and for the past ten has been clamoring for statehood, for which It is universally couceded we are fully fitted by virtue both of popu lation and wealth. Its inhabitants Dum ber 122,000, which is considerably more than at least two states no -v in the un iou, possess; and far more than a dozen territories at the time of their admis sion as states. Arizona's taxable wealth is but 35,000,000, as shown by the as sessment rolls of the different counties, yet this is but the merest moiety of the real wealth of the territory, with its many tax exemptions, and wher.9 one mine alone the United Verde has an actual value of one hundred millions. Iu area it is exceeded -only by Califor nia. New Mexico. Montana and Texas of all the political divisions of the Unit ed States. Statistics, which are usual ly dry things, show that last year Ari zona produced more than four millions in copper, silver and gold, or nearly $400 for every man, woman and child in the territory. I suppose you have all had your share. While this is neither a geographical or political matter, it is of interest as showing what we are en titled to. California, Arizona and New Mexico were acquired from Mexico as a re-ult of war by the treaty of Ouadaluoe-Ut-dalgo in 1848, except that portion of Arizona lying south of the Gila, for which our Government paid Mexico ten millions of dollars in 1853. This was known as the Gadsden purchase, tak ing its name from James Gadsden, who formulated the treaty on the part of the United States. Mr. Gadsden ori ginal idea was supposed to have been the acquirement of a seaport on the Gulf of California, but this is a mistake he had his eye on Florence, resting peacefully and serenely oa the south baa c of the Gila, and when this beauti ful spot was secured he felt that the . money was well expended. Salt river people have accustomed to boast that their sectijn lias belonged to the United States for ten years loyg er than ours of the Casa Grande valley, which is true, but they forcret that their lands were taken forcibly by the rude hand of war from a weak nation, while ours were bought and paid for. Just the difference between dishonesty and honesty. Back In the dim ages of the past 'he fame of Florence had reached the old world. Ponce de Leon sought the foun tain of youth not in Florida, but in Arizona, and it was here in Florence that Cabeza de Vaca found it iu 153. This was more than a quarter of a century before the foundations of San Augustine were laid, and ten years be fore DeScto discovered the Mississippi. I state this on the authority of Messrs Ilrown and Thurston, reputable citizens of our town, who were residing here at the time. They were also here in 1540, when Coronado'a expedition passed through our valley in search of the seven cities of Cibola, one of which was determined to be Florence. Mr. Brown's relation of an interview he bad with Coronado reads like a roman ce, and were it not vouched for by history, would be doubted by some. Arizona is bounded on the north by Utah, on the south by Mexico, on the .east oy new Mexico and on the west by California and Nevada, which I sin cerely hope do one will discredit. AM .OPEN L sit: TOP IT ffleKINU To the President: SIR: Not often, if ever, has a newspaper been published for one reader, yet such is the mission ojf THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE to-day, its sole object being to reach the eye of a man holding the proudest and most powerful position on earth that of President of the United States ;bid him welcome to Arizona, and inform him from an unbiased stand- point concerning actual conditions existing in a territory that for thirty eight years has been a dependency in this great American Union, with-' out voice or vote, and, according to a late contention, having no constitu tional rights. As you ride through Arizona on Tuesday and Wednesday of next week, it is to be hoped you may find time, Mr., President, to ' peruse at least a portion of the material that has been gathered together in this, issue for your benefit. It is to be regretted that your itinerary could rpt have been so arranged as to allow a daylight view of our beau tiful mountains, valleys and deserts, but what you will see between Maricopa and Phoenix and the Congress mine is typical of all a portion of the desert rescued from desolation and put to man's use by the magic power of water a great gold mine a live American city, peopled by loyal Americans, intelligent and brave, but resting under a wrong that has been done in refusing them a voice in the government, with the privilege (or rather the right) of selecting their own officers. It is with no desire to criticise your appointments in this territory that this letter is written they are good men almost without exception but the inborn desire of an American to "have his say" is sudi that an angel from, heaven could not be sent here and give satisfaction. We occasionally elect "scrubs" to minor offices, but they are our own "scrubs," and we can stand it for a time. In the course of this appeal it is with no unkind feeling that I remind you, Mr. President, that both platforms upon which you were elected pledged statehood to Arizona in direct terms, and for a party whose proud boast is that "it has redeemed every promise" well, to say the least, it doesn't sound well especially when jt is an undisputed fact that in wealth, population and intelligence we are amply able to assume self-government, and the only opposition to it in the territory comes trom your own appointees. We are often told that Arizona cannot expect statehood until it votes with the party now in power; but this of course' is "bosh," for Oklahoma and New Mexico went strongly republican last November, and both are still territories. Who and what 1 am matters little except that I represent a type of original republicans who, when their party went off after strange gods, could not follow it. Suffice it to say, Mr. President, 1 am a companion of yo.urs in the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and was a republi can when the name meant something besides commercialism. . I have found little favor and have little respect for certain phases of democracy, and still less for populism. In common with thousands of other western men, by education and environment our natural home is in the republican party, but broken pledges and "flops" on the silver question have been too many for us. I am still as strongly in favor of a Nation (with a big N) as when I shouldered my musket in its defense, and the cardinal principles of republicanism, as enunciated by the immortal Lincoln, are. too deeply rooted in my heart to be ever aban doned. However, I conceived it my duty to follow the fortunes of William J. Bryan, and in company with more than six million other Americans have gon down in defeat. I mention this, Mr. President,, in order that you may understand that I have no political favors to ask at your handst but only justice for Arizona, which has been my home for more than twenty-one years. Like hundreds of others, I came here not expecting to make a perma nent residence, but remained to love the territory with, as much devotion as even an Ohio man can have for his State, and my bones will prob ably lie here. Knowing the wonderful resources of this territory, its great wealth in mines and agriculture when developed, t can see that, with fair treat ment on the part of the general government, there will here arise a commonwealth, proud and peerless and rich beyond cpmpare. The mines can take care of themselves, but we must have help in develop ing our agricultural resources. The water now running to waste must be stored. This is not a matter for private capital, which can have no means of reimbursing itself, and no sane man who understands the con ditions now advocates the cession of arid lands to states and territories,, to be stolen and frittered away as were the" swamp lands in the Missis? I sippi valley. " ' . Mr. President, will you not come to our assistance, in this matter? In your last message to Congress you advocated a government system of irrigation for our newly acquired territory of Hawaii. Cannot you, do as much for the thirty-eight-year-old territory of Arizona.?. One especially meritorious proposition of this character.- passed the Senate at the last session of Congress as an amendment to the Indian appropriation bill, but was defeated in the House through: the active opposition of Messrs. Sherman, Cannon and Grosvenor, ail , republican leaders. This was an item making an appropriation, of gioo.ooo for commencing work on the San Carlos dam, to provide water for .the Pima Indians, who have always been friends of the white man. These Indians have been on the, verge of starvation, and it cost the govern ment $30,000 last year to feed them, How much better it would be for the government to furnish them water and allow them to become a self supporting and self-respecting people. And not only that, Mr. Pres ident, engineers of the Geological Survey have conclusively shown in an exhaustive survey and report thereon that the government could fully recoup itself for money expended in constructing the dam in the sale of lands now absolutely worthless. Do you wonder that we of Arizona.are sore and have that tired feel ing and that the democratic majorities continue to grow greater and greater? For years we fought the sayage Apaches, and at last cun quered them; then our silver mines were closed down by the gold stand ard, and now the government will net even allow us to make the worth less desert lands' pay for their own improvement. Talk about your hard-luck stories! And now, Mp President, to close this already too long letter, I desire to impress upon you the fact that Arizona is" not hopelessly demo cratic. The people may be in a measure resentful, but they are not vicious, neither are they unforgiving, and will respond to just treatment as quickly as any.oji earth. While of course we understand you have no authority except to see that the laws are executed, we, do believe you have it in your power to secure for us statehood and the building of the San Carlos dam. If you will do this you will make Arizona a jepubli can(State just as certain as night follows day. Very respectfully, Chas. D, REPPY, Editor Tribune. --y w - -y- Tv -7----t TvT- T 7 T v r ; N - ..' . ' i$- : INDIAN J"42MSZ&&& . !? - K j i-"fe::-frj "miMneoM y, ,' -rSs-0's1 ' V) -V- - - Ji I RE5EPVA 71 ON '-s3fW.. ' V'N;.. ! ." X ', : ' wvTrz;H'A--a- n' " ; i . . st. - - - nr.:an&' I , a r. b&t-r - :-Ur-' 1 , -is I v MAP Of THE CASA- GrRANDE VALLVf j PINAL C0UN7Y The Wealth of the Future. Extract from a Speech at Pittsburg- In 1894) Br Hon. Thomas B. Reed. Mighty as has been our past. oor resources have just been touched upon, and there is wealth beyond the Missis sippi which in the not distant future will astonish even the dwellers on the shores of Lake Michigan. "From the time my eyes first rested , on the great uncultivated plains which lie between the Mississippi and the PaciSa Ocean, my wakening dreams have been filled with visions of the Incalculable wealth which the touch of living water will briajf to life from those voiceless deserts. There wealth only can produce wealth, and man singly and alone, might as well try tp subdue the Himalayas as to cope with these wastes; but the hand of united and associated man is already reaching forth to grasp the great results. "The same power which spends mil lions on the Mississippi can be utilized to make the desert blossom with the homes of men, for whom and for all of us the now blighted soil will bring firth the fruit, of theGardeu of Eden." CASA GRAHDE VALLEY, PIfiAL COUilTY, ARIZOilA Average altitude of valley land, 1500 feet. Principal town, Florence;, population, 1200. Climate, semi-tropical. Mean temperature, 80 degrees no snow no ice. Products, wheat, barley, corn,, alfalfa, all kinds of vegetables and semi-tropical fruits, such as oranges', lemons, nectarines, apricots, figs, .peaches, almonds, olives, plums, English wajnuts, pomegranites, quinces and all kinds of small fruits. Yield per acre barley,, 1 500 pounds; wheat, 1200 pounds; alfalfa, eight tons. 40,000 acres of Government land under existing canals yet to be taken up. Principal irrigating system, Casa Grande Valley canal with reservoir, which covers 1600 acres, nearly two andone-half square miles.' . Average depth, twelve feet; length of canal, forty-nine miles, with 160 miles of laterals; capacity, 25,000 miners' inches; '; source of water supply, Gila river. Rate of taxation in the'eounty', $2.80. Land with water right assessed at $10.00 j per acre. Grape cuttings bear fruit at one year old. Trees bear fruit at from two to four years' of age, according to . variety. Shade and ornamental trees grow from six to twelve feet a year and require annual pruning. Florence is qbjective point of two railroads. Coal fields segregated from Indian reservation. 470,788 acre feet of water flowed to , the Gulf, past Florence, in the month of September. All such flovys will hereafter be impounded by the Government reservoir at the Buttes. The Gila river is included among the most prominent streams of the Pacific coast and affords more than sufficient irrigation capacity for the cultivation of the rich areas adjacent thereto. The river supply at the season of irrigation is greater than that of all the utilized streams.of California combined. The constant fertilization effected by irrigating with the waters of the Gila river renders any futher enrichment useless and unnecessary. Land is so easy of cultivation that it is common, after clearing the surface of brush and stubble, to pass over the land with an ordinary harrow or cultivator a single time, afterwards sowing to grain or grass. In three or four months large -crops are harvested, the soil meanwhile being entirely innocent of the. plow. Fruit cultivation so far has been conducted upon. a limited scale; but enough has. been learned from experimental tests to demonstrate the positive feasibility of not : only producing an excellent quality of the most profitable fruits, but also the ability to raise them.for market from three to six weeks earlier than any section of California. For nine months out of every twelve the climate is superb. Three months are warm. The air is dry. , Every afternoon in summer there is a refreshing breeze from the Gulf of California ' that relieves the day of undesirable heat. There are neither sunstrokes "in, summer, nor pneumonia in winter. There ' are 921,000 acres of irrigable land in the Gila valley. ' According to the report of Mr. J. B. Lippincott of the United States' Geological Survey, an economical and substantial dam 130 feet in height can be constructed on the Gila river, , near San Carlos, which would store 281,396 acre-feet of water, capable of irrigating 140,698 acres of land. All of this , land would be in the vicinity of Florence. The estimated cost of the dam is. 1,038,926. This survey was made by order of Congress, for which $20,000. was appropriated. Mr J. D. Schuyler, of Los Angeles, the noted irrigation,- engineer, fully verifies Mr. Lippincott's report, and strongly urges upon .Congress the duty of constructing the work . A dam 200 feet in height, which Mr. Schuyler considcs perfectly feasible, would store 550,000 acre-feet of water and -the reservoir would have a life of sixty-three years without dredging. The report says: "In the.event of the con struction of this dam there will be built up in the valley of the Gila river, where a desert now exists, a community of fully 40,000 souls and the creation of many million dollars of taxable wealth .without permanent outlay on the part of ' the Government." A bill is now before Congress for the construction of the work,,and there is little: doubt of its pass- age when its merits become known. . THE: UNITED VERDE'S- RIVAL Cie of the Properties Which Make A na's Copper Reputation. From tiie Mihing:;and ScieDttfie'Pre The Copper Qneen mine, Btsbe located in a gulch or ravine w rains toward the east. On the n side of this gulch is a porphyry fo : tion, wherein there has been a eo: erable amount of prospecting in st as deep as 800 feet, without as yet . ng much ore of value. On the Sv side ot'the-gulch: U great lime ng which overlays a vast copper li" n a nearly horizontal position, i ipping slightly to the southeast. ipper Queen, Cilnraet, and groups are embraced' in this min elt. The ore bodies comprise vast posits of copper carbonates, inelud: much of the malachites and azui nd black oxides; and as the work' proceed sontheastward they dis: immense bodies of copper sulphides eluding pyrites and chalcocites. T: is no regularity about the relative p tion of the two kinds of ore dept specified. In the Copper Queen a bonate ledge overlays a sulphide s turn in one place and the order is versed in others, the two kinds usn being separated by a horse or rol j lime. But, in general, the eulph ppeur to preponderate as the di' the ledges ara followed to the so east. This theory is supported by eot developments in the Caluf and Arizona group,'. I The Copper Queen is worked thro three shafts the Czar, HolbrooV Spray. They range in depth fron. to 850 feet and are all connected on 200, 300, 400 and 500 foot levels. nderground work includes appr-; mately. eighty miles of drifts and ei cuts wberin car tracks are laid. ' method pursued here is to stope o face of ore from thirty to fifty 1; high, timber op with square sets " fill id partly with waste. Od somi the stopes, on the 200 level, is a t perature of probably 120tol30degr which is produced by the rapid pro of oxidisation that goes on as ' ground is being broken. In these o ', heated chambers the air is good an ample volume, bat all effort to that section has been without succ The ground worked through is hei ' nclined to swelling, making timbei of the most thorough character tie sary. The new Spray shaft is equip ; with modern hoisting engines and; up-to-date steel gallows-frame, present no air drills are in use in I Copper Queen, . the structure of ledge matter being rather loose easily broken. S. W. Clawson is n superintendent. There are five furnaces in operatic the Copper- Queen smelter four of ; old ronnd type and one of the Mi ell square type. The five are sn ing abont 800 tons of ore per twe four hours. There are four copper verters in operation and a fifth', soon be ready for use. The bullion : duced contains some gold and si with the copper. AH ores above ( 400 level were oxidized, carrying per carbonates, but in some of ; newer workings at 500 to 700 feet dtf they get into a copper and iron ) phide, with about twenty-four s cent of silica. The carbonates ci as high as twenty-two per centaluc urn, which goes out in the slag. sulphides and oxidized ores are mi in the charge abouthalf. The si a; hauled away by a small locomoj and the molten material is ham from the furnace discharge to conv ers by an electric crane. i The two flues,, eaoh 600 fe-jt It eight and ten feet in diamuter, from the furnaces up the mountain at about forty-five degrees eleva and are constructed of iron. The rj herein gathered runs about eighth cent copper It is mixed with puU ized ore oxides, briquetted and 1 turned to the smelter. In makiug up the charge for the J naces the sulphides are. roasted, I largely desulphurized by DouJ roasters before they are mixed v' the carbonates. The product of Copper Queen smelter is now ruor at the rata of about 3.500,000 pound bullion per mpath;; James Woot superintendent of the smelter. I The same parties who control Copper Queen are building a raili from Bisbee 100 miiea,;&outhward Sonora, Mexico,. to their copper pI and smelter at Nacosurj, which 1 been operating about eight mon' Track laying on thai new road i progress, ten nyles having been c pleted.-. Judge Yo'u are charged with si ing six turkeys from Col. Simi Have you any witnessess? ' Eastus So, sah ; yon bet I ain'i doan steal turkeys befo' witnesses, ' Chicago Chronicle.. .