Newspaper Page Text
FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, L901. NO. 32; THE WEALTH TO COME. The Demand for the Products cf Irrigation Will be Greater than the Supply. "Look Beyond the Present and into the Future." was the keynote of an address by C. E. Wantland, chairman of the Executive Committee of the Na tional Irrigation Congress, delivered at the Trans-Mississippi Congress re cently assembled at Cripple Creek. "In the new West," said Mr. Want land, "the main lines of railway are already provided. The pioneer lines were not constructed because the pro ducts of the country they crossed justi fied the expenditure. There were prophets in the days when the first trans-continental road' was bnilt. This was rlone when the great possibilities of the West were only talked of by dreamers; now, 'All wise men agree that beyond the Mississippi lies the great wealth of the days to come,' and the prophets of to-day tell us that the great trade to be developed in the lands beyond the Pacific will call for all the grain which can be raised in the irrigated valleys of the I'aeific Coast States. "In a report to the 56th Congress on the Free Homes Bill, the Committee on Public Lands said: " 'No legislative enactment ever placed upon the statute books of the Nation has been more lauded than the free homestead law of the United States. Under its beneficent provi sions the hardy sons of New England, the thrifty young men of the Middle and Western States, and the sturdy immigrants of the Oid World poured into the fertile, nnoceupied regions of the West, and by the labor of their bands they transformed the forests into fruitful farms and changed the al most limitless plains of prairie grass into billowy fields of waving grain. Cities and towns spang up In this terri tory as if by magic; churches and 6choolbouses are found at every cross road, and no more valuable and loyal citizens can be found in all the com monwealth than the original home steaders and their descendants. It was poor man's law; poor men availed themselves of its advantages, but the fabulous wealth they have created for themselves and the nation is beyond computation.' "The arguments in favor of paying a few millions of dollars to Indians in order that additional lands in reserva tions could be thrown open to home stead entry free apply with double force in favor of appropriations by Congress to assist in the reclamation of arid lands farther away from the great centers of population in order that home-builders may be given an opportunity to make a living in the Mountain and Pacific. Coast States, where irrigation is necessary. "If it is good policy to buy of In dians and open the 12,000 homestead tracts in Oklahoma, for which 100,000 are just now struggling, the business men of the West may consistently urge that it is right to put water upon 40,' 000,000 acres of arid lands, upon which a million families can raise grain and fruit on forty-acre farms. But unless the merchants and manufacturers and heavy tax-payers of the West realize that it is their burden, and get behind the efforts of the National Irrigation and other associations working for iin- proved conditions, many of us will be a long time dead probably before the western inemoers of Congress will get together and secure the necessary Strength to push through Congress the needed legislation. "Trade follows the flag, but it also follows the irrigation reservoir and the ditch, if they carry water at the right time. "If organization can be substituted for talk, surveys for theories, reservoir building for resolutions, and the home less from other States be brought into our valleys and given a chance to build up homes under favorable conditions, then we may justly claim it to be true that 'the West is the most American part of America.' " weight in the township, who can ruu an 80-acre farm and who has no female relatives to come around and try to boss the ranch. I will agree to cook dinners for him that won't send him to an early grave, and lavish upon him a wholesome affection, and see that his razor has not been used to cut broom wire when he wants a shave. In view of all this I do not care if I do get a little rusty on the rule of three and other kindred things as the years go by." Colton Chronicle. A Cure for Cholera Infantum. "Last May," says Mrs. Curtis liaken of Bookwalter, Ohio, "an infant child of our neighbor's was suffering from cholera infantum. The doctor had given up all hopes of recovery. I took a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy to the house, telling them I felt sure it would do good if used according to directions. In two days' time the child had fully recovered, and is now (nearly a year Bincel a vigorous, healthy girl. I have recommended this Remedy frequently and have never known it to fail in any single instance." For sale by Brock way's Pharmacy. The laws of health require that the bowels move onoe each day and one of the penalties for violating this law is piles. Keep your bowels regular by taking a dose of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets when necessary and you will never have that severe punish, ment inflicted upon yon. Price, 25 cents. For sale by Brockway's Pharmacy. Lately a rich body of hubnerlte or wolframite has been discovered in jievaaa. nubnerite is a manganese tnngstate from which tungstic acid is procured. This acid is extensively nsed in the latest process of annealing and tempering steel, a small per cent of tungsten giving great hardness and toughness to steel. Ore which goes 65 per cent tungstio acid is worth from f 500 to $000 per ton. The Transmississippi Commercial Congress meeting at Cripple Creek was a thoroughly busindss-like as' sembly. Its resolutions were straight- xorwara ana sincere and will no doubt have considerable influence with the powers that be. The resolutions passed relate to the relamation of arid lands by the government, construction of reservoirs and canals and to. the es tablishment of a department of min ing and a department of commerce. Cripple Creek treated its visitors in a way that found warm appreciation among the delegates. THE LEADING ISSUE. Reclamation of Arid Lends Before the Transmississippi Congress. From the El Paso Herald. Among all the subjects that came up before the recent meeting of the Transmississippi Commercial congress at Cripple Creek, none was so vita! to of the economy of reclaiming the arid lands, in the interest of the entire na tion. There should be no lack of har mony among our own people. All should work together and strive to bring about the united action of the western representatives in congress to the end that this vast scheme of pub lic Improvement shall be undertaken at the earliest possible day. All the 1 the well being of the Rocky mountair region, and especially of the vicinity of schemes for national irrigation con- El Paso, as that of the irrigation of template the repayment into the treas- the arid lauds. More time was allotted to this subject than to any other, and rightly, for without the utilization of the resources of the arid west through a general policy of watering the public lands, the development of the west must be seriously retarded. There was some difference of opin ion before the resolutions committee and in the congress upon the question between a national system of reclama tion of the arid, lands, and cession to the states of the public reservoirs and public lands. The advocates of a na tional system were largely in the ma jority, and the resolutions looking to ward state cession were killed in com mittee. It is not hard to understand the attitude of those who urge the ces sion of the public lands to the states, and the cession of the reservoirs after they have been constructed by the na tional government. These people, it may be noted, are practically confined in geographical location to the states of Colorado and Wyoming, the two states which contain the head waters of almost all the rivers of importance in the arid region. Colorado's attitude especially is well known ; it is uncom promising selfishness. Colorado would like to be conceded the right to take every drop of water at the head of every stream in the state, letting the country bordering on the lower reach es of the river take its chances from the rainfall along the way. Colorado advocates state control of irrigation waters, because national control would mean restrictive regulations. Wyom ing's scheme is to ha?e the national government survey reservoir sites and build the the storage reservoirs at the public expense, then to cede the reser voirs and the reclaimed public lands to the fc'jate, for use and control. The naivete of the proposal is almost ludi crous. It is pretty certain that thesel' ury of the money expended, as it is re ceived from the sale of public lands. The whole projeot constitutes a legiti mate demand on the public treasury, and the expenditure is far more likely to prove of general benefit than the majority of appropriations under the riven and harbors bill. A YOUNG LADY'S LIFE SAVED At Panama, Columbia, by Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy. Dr. Chas. H. Utter, a prominent physi cian of Panama, Columbia, in a recent letter states: "Last March 1 had as a patient a young lady sixteen years of age, who had a very bad attack of dysentery. Everything I prescribed for her proved ineffectual and she was growing worse every hour. Her parents were sure she would die. She nad be come so weak that she could not turn over in bed. What to da at this critical moment was a study for me, but. I thought of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy and us a last resort prescribed it. The most wonder ful result was effected. Within eight hours she was feeling much better; inside of three days she was upon her feet and at the end of one week was entirely well." For sale by Brock- way's Pharmacy,. STORE THE FLOODS And Save the Forests is the Theme of an Interesting Address. The Best Way to Preserve the Teeth. Nothing is better in the way of pres ervation for the teeth and the pre vention of disagreeable consequences in the mouth, tLan bicarbonate of soda. Keep a jar of it on the toilet shelf, using a pinch in a third of a glass of water morning and evening, with the brash, and rinse the mouth freely. Thin is the advice of a prominent New York dentist, who says the wide use of this Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy has a world wide reputation for its cures. It never fails and is pleasant and safe to take. For sale by Brockway's Pharmacy, cheap and convenient article would el fish policy advocated by these slates most arive his profession out of busi tulll Tint. !AfiiirA mil Mi i.onTnilinn ft t ttia I USSR, IOr, 06 8008, " We UenilBW. Uave about decided that an absolutely clean tooth structure will not decay." The soda, it may be added, is one of the best preventatives of Riggs' disease, that serious complaint which is found, in embroyo at least, in almost every uiouth.T-fllarper's Bazar. The total production of gold in Colo rado from the time of discovery and up to date is about $240,000,000, and since 1870 the average yearly production has been about $7,000,000. The silver pro duction, however, stands above that of gold by about fifty per cent, in value. The total production of silver has been $350,000,000. Although the total pro duction of silver is much higher than that of gold, for the entire period, yet the value of silver produced last year was just about one-half the value of the gold produced. A Model Girl, A Kansas girl graduate who had been given the theme "Beyond the Alps Lies Italy" promulgated the following; "I do not care a cent wheter Italy lies beyond the Alps or in Missouri. I do not expect to set the river on fire with my future career. I am glad that have a good, very good, education, but I am not going to misuse it by writing poetry or essays about the future woman. It will enable me to correct the grammar of any lover I have should he speak of 'dorgs' in my pres ence, or ssy he went 'somewheres,' or 'seen' a man. It will also come handy when I want to figure out how many pounds of soap a woman can get for three dozen e(T2S at the grocery, so I do not begrudge the time spent in ac quiring it. But my ambitions do not fly so high. I just want to marry a njau who can 'lick' anybody of his The Cosmopolitan for August reveals the late Grant Allen in anew light that of a keen and clever satirist of modern society, not only in England, but ia the world at large. The Cosmo politan, immediately on his death, secured from his son all his papers, ana the clever allegory "The Temple of Fate" ia the August an mber, is one of those selected. Like "The British Aristocracy" ia the April Cosmopoli tan, the present article im presses itself on the reader with a direct fearlessness which is a new quality in the author's work. If it is true that all the world loves a lovers, then Edgar Saltus's clev er, epigrammatic story of the princes whohave relinquished thrones, posi tion, wealth reverything to marry the women they loved, should indeed be popular. expense of the eleven, states and terri tories more or less dependent on the rivers heading in the mountains of Colo rado and Wyoming for irrigation waters. The national system of reclamation, as advocated by the National Irriga Hon association and again and again strongly endorsed by the Transmissis sippi Commercial congress, contem plates the construction of great stor age reservoirs on the priucipal streams, to be supplemented by a compreben sive system of main line canals, all to be under the supervision and control of the national government. Under proper regulations, farmers would be allowed to construct their own laterals and receive the water lor use in irri gating the land. The proposition is to put the water where the farmer can reach it, and store the flood waters for beneficial nse. Save the forests and store the floods that is the cry of the National Irri gation association and the Transmis sissippi Commercial congress. Down in this section we have no forests to save, but the storing of the floods is a matter of vital and immediate impor tance. Every year enough water goes to waste to irrigate the entire valley if properly conserved and distributed. The cost of constructing a suitable system would be a mere bagatelle com pared with the benefits to be derived. The irrigation advocates say that at least 100,000,000, acres of the arid re gion can be reclaimed at an approxi mate cost of one dollar an acre, and that homes can be provided for five to ten millions of people. The national gov ernment is interested in this, as the chief beneficiary, since it owns all the land and could sell it for ten times what it would cost to reclaim it.' Set- Every once in a while some one threatens the editor that if he says so and so, he will stop his paper. And oc casionally something that is in the pa per that is not agreed to by the reader brings a command to "stop my paper The Dunkirk, ludian-t, Star, touches on this matter very properly: "A man who stops his paper because there is something in it that he does not like should be consistent, and get up and leave the hotel table if he finds some thing on the bill of fare that does not suit his taste. lie would be just as consistent in one act as the other. A 'good newspaper is a bill of mental food for as many states as possible, and the reader ought to know that the article that does not suit him is just what nearly every reader of the paper wants. The man who insists on having his pa per to his individual taste should buy the material, edit and print one for himself, with no one else to read it." Before the Drouth, The following lie Btarted last roast ing ear time and is still going the rounds of the papers. "The horrible news comes from Kansas that a boy climbed a cornstalk to see how the corn wasgetting along, and now the Btalk is growing faster than the boy can climb down. The boy is plumb out of sight. Three men have understaken to cut the stalk with axes to save the boy from starvation, bnt it grows so fast that they cannot hack twice in the same place. The boy is living on nothing but green corn and he has already thrown down over four bushels of cobs," The Pima Paragon, comes out with the name of Mrs. Dora M. Wilson as editor, John D. Wilson, roustabout. In explanation, the latter says:, "Our readers will probably notice a change in the editorial masthead of the Para gon this week. On account of poor health we have been unable to fulfill our duties in the office during, the past two months, and our place has been ably filled by our better two-thirds, who has at the same-time attended to the housework, looked after the wants of three lustv youngsters, bossed the Uing five millions of people in the west cook &tove manipuiated the dirty linen would enable the mining industry to th weekl washboard. nushed the extend, manufacturing to increase, and all the industries to expand, since the chief charge in commercial inter course, transportation, would be re duced and producers and markets would be brought closer together. And the five millions of people would pro duce mainly for export, not competing with the producers of the east, while the manufacturers of the east would have five millions of the richest people on earth, the largest buyers and the best payers, rig lit at tueir doors, a smoothing irons and nursed us during our weaker hours. We -believe in giv ing honor to whom honor-is due, hence we give her first place on the staff, and will be glad to play 'second fiddle' as hustler." The evolution of the windmill, from the huge clumsy machine of the four teenth century, or from even the wind- mill of, fifty years ago, to the present improved, light, rapid running, but powerful form of to-day, has been as home market, of the best kind, in which remarkable as any feature of irriga- all the prohts. of handling are kept at tion development, and the American home and equitably distributed. I windmill of the present is no nnim- Only by earnest cooperation among portant accessory to the great irriga- the people and states of the arid re- i tion systems which are being year by gion can congress be brought toareah- year projected end completed throu"h Ration of the, needs of this Beetipn,,and ox& the West,, The following address was delivered on July 18th,before the Trans-Miasis-i-ippi Commercial CoDgress at Cripple Creek, Colorado, by George H. Max Well, executive chairman of the Na tional Irrigation Association : The twentieth century will be an' era of mighty achievement, but none greater than the transformation of arid America from an uninhabitable waste into a fertile territory, teeming with a dense and prosperous popular tion. As. Secretary of the Interior Hitch cock has said : 'That this vast acreage, capable of sustaining and comfortably supporting under a proper system of irrigation, a population of at least 50, 000,000 people, should remain practical ly a desert, is not in harmony with the progressive spirit of the age or in keep ing with the possibilities of the future." The time ia ripe for the accomplish ment of this great national purpose. So long as there was an. abundance of unoccupied government land, open to homestead settlers,, which did not re quire irrigation to be productive, there was no reason why the nation should undertake the great work of the recla mation of the arid region.. But that time has gone by, and now i we se thousands upon thousands of homeseekers gathering on the edge of the Kiowa reservation, waiting, not for a home on the land, but for the chance to draw lots for one. Many thousands of these would-be name builders will be turned back with bitter disappoint ment in their hearts. A few. fortunate ones will possess the promised land. And "Uncle Sam" has a hundred million acres left of his great farm which he can subdivide among his chil dren, and give to every industrious man who wants a home on the land a chance to get it, for a generation vet to come, if congress will heed the de mands of the people, and inaugurate a sound and sensible policy for the recla mation and settlement of the arid pub lic domain. The obstacles in the way are being rapidly overcome. The East, as the re sult of the persistent educational cam paign which has been carried on by the National Irrigation Association for the last two years, is, becoming thoroughly awakened to the gigantic possibilities of the increase of our na tional wealth and prosperity, the en largement of the home market for our manufacturers, the opening up of op portunities . for employment of our workers, and for homeseekers to get land, through the building by the na tional government of the great storage reservoirs and main-line canals which are necessary to bring the water with in reach of settlers. The people of the West, and the peo ple of the whole country, have repudi ated state cession, and will refuse to be led into the shoals and quicksands of any scheme which would turn the control of the solution of this great problem over to state politicians or state legislatures, or put any impedi ments in the way of the settler who desires to go upon the public land, and build his home there. Where can there be found a subject more fitted to arouse the enthusiasm and pride of every American citizen than the transformation of this vast desert region into happy and prosper ous homes for many millions more of patriotic American citizens ? And if we are to accomplish this great result, we must take as the slogan of the movement, "Save the forests and store the floods." The preservation of the- forests is of first importance. We must remember al ways the old Arab saying that "The tree is the mother of the fountain." With the experience of the past before us, we know tbat the destruction of the forests means the destruction of the water supplies, and not only pres ent desolation, but hopeless aridity. The forests are nature's storage reservoirs. Without them artificial storage reservoirs will be useless. But if we will not only preserve the forests, but also store the Hood waters that now go to waste, in great reservoirs where they can be utilized for irriga tion and for power for all industrial purposes, we can create in the western half of the United States an addition to our national wealth and resources which will double it. It is idle to talk of this great work being aceomplished by private capital or private enterprise. It is a national problem just us much as were the dikes of Holland, or the great Nile dam, or the irrigation works of India. It is the creation of a coun try where there was none before. had a very exciting experience with a mountain lion last week. Mrs. Cotey' and three children are visiting at the' mines and last week the family started to take a walk. When a short dis tance from camp they met a large' mountain lion which stood its ground and watched them. Mr. Cotey realized that it would be bad policy to run, so he took the baby ia his arms and told Mrs. Cotey to run for the camp with-' the two older children, which she did.-' Mr. Cotey stood his ground and eyed; the monster and the beast eyed him. The lion commenced to advance and Mr. Cotey attempted to fright .-a him away by swinging his arms, but to no effect. Finally he called his dog, which was at the camp. The dog came and immediately attacked the Monti which gave Mr. Cotey a chance to re treat. About this time some of the men came from the camp with winches ters and the lion was dispatched. He was a monster, and had it not been for' the dog, no doubt he would have made an attack on Mr. Cotey. Mining Development. From National Irrigation. It will not be contended by those' who put forward the claim that the' reclamation of the West through irri gation will work to the detriment of the Eastern farmer: that it would benefit the farmers of New England,. New York or Pennsylvania, if every human habitation west of the Allegh enies were blotted out of existence,- and every farm in that great region made desolate in order to remove com- petition. Those who have studied the resour"' ces and possibilities of the West realize fully that agriculture, as it will be worked out on the irrigated lands, is but an incident of the gigantic pro duction cf which the West is capable, t and the possibilities of which are to day really so little known. The min-' eral resources of the arid region are so vast, including the great production of oil, which is now beginning to be de veloped, that agriculture will be more a stimulus to mining development than anything else. In the arid West, where living and transportation as a rule are expensive, only the comparatively' high grade ores can be profitably workeJ. The tremendous mining re sources of the country can never be ful ly developed without cheap food and cheap transportation, and these the: West will never have until it has irri gation.. Nothing could possibly bene fit the East more than the development ' of the wealth of the Western mines. It will take 15 more votes to elect the' next president than were required at the last election of McKinley. Under the reapportionment act, which goes' into operation on March 4, 1903, the' membership of the house of representa tives and the electorial college is in-' creased to the extent of 29. There were' 447 members in the electoral college" which chose President McKinley. There will be 476 in the body which will choose his successor in 1904, and this1 number will be furnished increase if any of the territories should be admit ted to statehood in the interval. The' states of the north Atlantic sea-board gain nine votes in the electoral college' by the new allotment (three of which go to New York), the 16 ex-slave states gain 10 and the middle west and far' west gain 10 also. What most people want is some-' thing mild and gentle, when in. need of a physic. Chamberlain's Stomach-' and Liver Tablets fill the bill to a dot. They are easy to take and pleasant ia' effect. For sale by Brockway's Phar-' macy. TO THE DEAF. A Trying Moment. From the Copper Era. O. J, Cotey of Clifton, superintendent of the Mayflower Mining company's property, in the Mayflower 'district, A rich lady cured of her' deafness and noises in the head by Dr. Nichol-' son's Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10, 000 to his Institute, so that deaf people unable to procure the Ear Drums may have them free. Address No. 190c The Nicholson Institute, 780 Eighth Avenue,. New York. m5-ly I raff ; m 3Bi rs Hate Standard In every town and village M mur n harl sracjav j 100 KIO roaso that makes your horses glad.