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7 VOL. X. FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1901. NO. 35. Ik 1 NATIONAL IRRIGATION. Necessity for Further Appropriations Urged. Confllot Batween River and Harbor Ap propriations and Those fop Irriga tion Prova to Work to tha Detriment of Both. ISpecinl Ditpatoh to the Globe-Demoernt. Washington, July 25. The arrival and publication of the reports ot the engineer officers in charge of river im provement in the different parts of the country has given rise to much discussion as to the effect of the failure of the river and harbor bill at the last session of congress. At the war de partment this afternoon it was said that the district which includes the Mississippi river from the mouth of the Ohio to the mouth of the Missouri will suffer most from the failure of the bill. A skilled engineer officer of the de partment calls attention to the fact that the engineer in charge, Capt. Burr, asks for f 100,000 alone for the purpose of maintaining his plant. He saya in the course of his report that without such in hand for the main tenance of the plant it will deteriorate in value constantly, and in the lack of an appropriation to continue the work it will be a source of constant losa to the government. For this reason the officers ot the department believe that of parts of the United States the district near St. Louis will suffet most from the lack of appropriation. There is a growing belief among ot ficera of the department who have been closely identified with engineering wort of the past that the next river and harbor bill will have to carry with it some provision for irrigation. In the light of experience during the last ses sion of congress, when such determined efforts were made to secure irrigation legislation, tha conclusion is thrust on the engineer officers that this will be a problem which they will soon have to deal with. The officers advise against allowing navigation problems and the irrigation problem to be considered to gether. They oppose vesting th two under the same supervision, just as they opposed in the put the levee pro jects being carried in the river and harbor bill. In spite of this opposition there seems to be a realization that it will come up probably at the next session of congress. It was said at the department this afternoon that the report which was made by Capt. Hiram M. Crittenden, relative to a comprehensive irrigation system, is one of the most comprehen sive ever made to the government. The captain was located at St. Louis when be conducted his investigation, and argued in favor of the government taking up the irrigation question. He pointed out at great length why the states could not take up the system as it should be developed. When asked as to whether the de partment bad ever given official atten tion, one of the engineer officers at the department turned promptly to the report of Capt. Crittenden and in indi catiDg a part of it, aaid : "That will be the keynote for the members from the states having arid or semi-arid lands during the next session of congress." What be indicated In the report was the following : "Of the very great importance of ir rigation, uotonly to the West but to the country at large, there would seem to be no room for doubt. To one who has seen the changes wrought in the once desert regions of California, An ton a, Utah, Wyoming and Colorado, in what used to be as forbidding re gions as any still remaining in that country, there can be no doubt that the destiny of the arid sections of America is more dependent upon the waters that flow from its mountains thsn upon the minerals that lie con cealed within them. Already in the greatest mineral-producing states of the West, California and Colorado, ir rigated agriculture yields a greater wealth of product than the mines. It ia easy to point out many valleys in the arid regions the future development of which, under irrigation, will aus' tain in each a population greater than at present to be found in the statea where they are located. There can be scarcely a doubt that the ultimate ex tent of this development is limited only by the capacity of the streams, and the vital and controlling function of these streams in the future welfare of a vast extent ot the national domain is a matter too obvious to require demon stration." Cosmopolitan prepared a World's Fair number, contributed to by many fam ous writers, and so thoroughly illus trated that it surpassed even the most expensive hook which had up to that time been isued. In those days the magazine was printed from two sets of plates only, and when these were worn out it was impossible, without a great loss of time, to put further editions on the press. The newsdealers, taking advantage of this condition, raised the price of the Cosomopolitan's World's Fair number to one dollar a copy. A few sales were even made to ward the close at the phenomenal figure of five dollars. Undoubtedly this happening is unique in the history of magazine literature. The Cosmopol itan will endeavor to repeat its past success, with a Fan-American Exposi tion Number, which will be even more attractive, if possible, than its World's Fair predecessor. The most famous writers of the country have been invited to take part in the preparation of this issue. After many days' careful study of all the wonderful scenes of the Exposition, more than a hundred photographs have been prepared, which, taken as a whole, give a thorough conception of the marvels of this Exposition. It is doubtful if any book, selling at forty times the price of the magazine-, will give any description of the Fair which will approach in Interest and artistic value the September Cosmopol itan. Those who visit the Fair will pre serve this number as a delightful ref erence book in the years to come, and those who are unable to go there will secure such a comprehensive view ot its main attractions as well worthy of preservation. SHALL THE GOVERNMENT RESERVOIRS1 BUILD A Failure to Grasp tha Conditions Affect ing Western Irrigation. Do Not Procrastinate. The Cosmopolitan. The sale of thousands ot copies of a ten-cent magazine at one dollar apiece was a very curious happening at the time of the Chicago World's Fair. The Prom the Phoenix GazettaJ The next session of the National Irri gation Congress will be held at Chicago in October. This promises to be, in many respects, the most, interesting and important of these gatherings held np to date. We are now facing a critical period in the history of the ua tional irrigation movement. Hitherto the effort has been to educate the peo ple of the country as to the importance of a movement regarding which a vast majority ot those living east ot the Rocky mountains, have, until receutly, bad little or no conception, most of them regarding the idea of irrigation on a large scale as something wild. speculative and chimerical, like the idea of reaching the North Pole by balloon. By two yeara of hard, per sistent and systematic missionary work throughout the country this condition of affairs has been entirely changed Few great national movements have within so brief a time aroused so much enthusiasm throughout the country, National irrigation is no longer a theory. It is a condition which the great mass of the people demand shall be established with as little losa oi time as possible. Hitherto, most of the effective work has been done in the east. . It is now time for the west to take up the fight and put it through to a conclusion. The time between now and the next session of congress Is none tea long for a thorough organi zation of the irrigation forces in the west. There will be no excuse for the coming congress not to act on the question. It is now thoroughly under stood, and should congress fail to give it the attention which it deserves, it will, undoubtedly, be chiefly due to lack of strong and persistent effort by us of the west to whom the question is of such vital importance. An exchange aays : "More farming lands for the west, more money for the east,, and less water for the sooth, This may be said toba summing up of the results of a comprehensive Irrigation policy, which would place 75,000.000 acres of now arid western land nnder close cultiva tion, and thus create an im mense home market for the manufacturing interests of the east and at the same time largely prevent the disastrous floods of the Mississippi valley." That is the question in a nutshell. Let it not be forgotten that the re publican party has Bpoken out plainly on this great question. The platform ot the party, enunciated in the last campaign, declared: "In further pur suance of the constant policy of the republican party to provide free homes on the public domain, we recommend adequate national legislation to re claim the arid lands of the United t.aA ksikrvintf nnntrol of the distribu- . tion of water for irrigation to the re spective states and territories." What most people want ia some thing mild and gentle, when in need I of a physic. Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets fill the bill to a dot. They are easy to take and pleasant in effect. For sale by Bxockway's Phar macy. From tha New Tork Journal of Commerce. If this year's drouth adds weight to the arguments for irrigation, it does nothing to sustain the proposition that the Government shall do the irrigat ing. Irrigation adds greatly to the value of land ; if it is done by private capital the cost will be reimbursed by the owners or tenants of the land. If it is done by the Government we know precisely what the result will be; the public, the taxpayers of the nation, wiu pay lor me irrigation ana we in- i - . . , , i - - -. crease ia toe vauo ox iae iaua. - - - If fifty dollars an acre, and often more, Is to be added to the value of land, there is no reason why it should be done as a free gift; private capital can do the work, and the owner or occupier of the land, the beneficiary of the im provement, can afford to pay for it. Editor Journal of Commerce : Sir : Referring to your recent editor-. ial to the effect that whereas the recent drouth in the West adds weight to the arguments in favor of Irrigation, it does nothing to sustain the proposi tion that the Government should do the irrigating ; that private capital can do the work, and that the owner or occupier of the land, the benedciary of the improvement, can afford to pay for it, I beg to be allowed to mSke the fol lowing remarks ; LARGK PRIVATE WOBKS PO HOT PAT. It is a generally conceded fact that the irrigation development of the arid West, by means of private capital, has practically reached its limit. There is enough water annually running to waste in the West to irrigate land estimated at from 71 ,000,000 to 100,000, 000 acres, but the use of this water for irrigation contemplates the buildinz of great storage reservoirs and the cut ting of great main line canals. This work is beyond the scope of private or even State enterprise. I have author ity from the Geological Survey and the Department of Agriculture for the statement that there is scarcely a single large irrigation dam company in the United States which has been a financial succebb. Because water will run across btate lines, because its sources cannot be controlled by pri vate corporations, and because of over- capitalization, mismanagement,, and other reasons, which would not oper ate against good government manage- meat, private dam companies have been financial failures;, while they have built np successful communities, tbey have been involuntary philan thropists. It is the consensus of opin ion that little more can be expected in an irrigation way from private enter prise. The situation is then simply this: SHALL IT BE PROG BBSS OR IBLESESK? There yet remain 71,000,000 acres ot irrigable arid laud. Shall thia land lie idle, worthless, barren, or shall it be reclaimed and converted into hun dreds ot thousands of small farms of ten,, twenty, or forty acres for one i . ,. . Btn-v ii rigaveu wm raise as much as several acres dry-farmed. It is not suggested that the Govern ment go into the irrigation business and put water upon land ; simply that it build the great dams and- the- main line canals and let the farmer die- the distributing ditches and do the work which they can do with their hands and their teams, after the Government has done the work, which required large capital. OWNS ONE-THIRD OF TBS COUNTBY The Government is owner of two- thirds of the western half of the United btates now practically worthless. It is surely a wise policy for it to reclaim this land and sell It for the bare cost of reclamation to actual settlers who will go on it and build homes and create yrosperous communities furnish ing a home-market of Infinite value to- the people of this country. Where corporation builds a reservoir and pro ceeds to sell the land adjacent along with the water right, in its efforts to make money, it puts such s price upon the land and the water that the poor man cannot afford to buy and the eon sequence is that full settlement is re tarded and the company is not able to meet the interest and charges on its large capitalization. CHANCE FOB HOMES. i But if the Government undertakes the work and charges the settler for only the actual cost of construction, it places a home within the poor man's grasp, and every acre will be taken up as fast as reclaimed. This would mean a vast increase in Western population. Increase in population means a de mand for the necessities and luxuries Many of the necessities and most of the luxuries are produced east of the Mississippi river. Therefore Irrigation means a growing flood of Eastern supplies to Western markets Already many Eastern factories are largely supported by their Western orders, and the complete reclamation of the West would enormously increase work for Eastern factories and even work for Eastern farmers to supply food for the added thousands of fac tory operatives. FOB ACTUAL SETTLERS. The reclamation ot arid America would be a transformation of the West, and it would have a reflex effect upon the East almost as great; but it is all depended upon a-comprehensive, careful system of Government aid which will place actual bona fide set tlers upon small tracts of land where they can become home-builders. Gut Elliott Mitchell. A YOUNG LADY'S LIFE SAVED At Panama, Columbia, by Chsmberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy; Pr. Chas. H. Utter, a prominent physi cian of Panama, Columbia, in a recent letter states: "Last March 1 had- as a patient a young lady sixteen years of age, who had a very bad attack of dysentery. Everything I prescribed tor her proved ineffectual and she was growing worse every hour. Her parents were sure she would die. She had be come so weak that she could not turn fcv er in. bed. What to do at this critical moment was a study for me, but thought of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy and as a last resort prescribed it. The most wonder ful result was effected. Within eight hours she was feeling much better; inside of three days she was- upon her feet and at the end of one week was entirely well." For sal by Brock- way's Pharmacy.. A. & N. M. EXTENSION. Company Organized to Build a Rail road from Lordsburg toHachita. From the Copper Era. A company was organized last week at Lordsburg, for the purpose of build ing a railroad from Lordsburg to Hachita, New Mexico, for the purpose of forming a connection between the Arizona and New Mexico Railroad and the El Paso and Southwestern now be-1 ing rapidly constructed between Dom ing, New Mexico and Bisbee, Arizona. The road was surveyed Some months j ago, and Superintendent Simmons, ot the Arizona & New Mexico, is now in East Texas contracting for the ties. Construction work will be commenced at once, or at least within the very near future. The road will be a stand ard guage, with seventy-five pound rails, ballasted with slag from the cop per smelters at Clifton, and built in a first-class manner in all particulars. The road is capitalized at $500,000. The officers are James Colquhoun, pres ident; M.J. Egan, vice president; H. J. Simmons, secretary and treasurer. Those three, ,wilu D. H. Kedzie and A. Leahy, form the board of direct ors, lbe building of this road will give Clifton and Morenci, as well as Lordsburg, a new line to El Paso via Deming, where it will connect with the Santa Fe system. It is expected thai the El Paso Southwestern will be completed to Deming and in operation soon after the first of the year. The main line of the road to El Paso, which will pass about twenty miles south of Deming, wilV doubtless not be complet ed before the latter part of next year, as it will pass through some very rough country. When the main line shall have been completed, this section will then-have three outlets to El Paso, which Will be of great advantage in many ways. As we go to press we learn Inst a Mexican woman, the wifeof Guadalupe, to-day gave birth to five babies. All are alive and hearty. The parents live a short distance east of the city. Oh, this wonderful climate of Mesa. It has only been a short time since Mrs. Davis of Lehi gave birth to triplets. Mesa Free Press. The laws of health require that the bowels move once each day and one of the penalties for violating this law is piles. Keep your bowels regular by taking a dose of Chamberlai n 's Stomach and Liver Tablets when.necessary and you will never have that severe punish ment inflicted upon you. Price, 25 cents. For sale by Brockway's Phar macy. My Two Neighbors'.' AC Cure for Cholera Infantum. "Last May," says Mrs. Curtis Baker, of Book waiter, Ohio, "an infant child of our neighbor's was suffering from cholera infantum. The doctor bad given up all hopes of recovery, I took a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy to the house, telling tbem I felt sure it would do good it used according to directions. In two days' time the child had tally recovered, and is now (nearly a year sinceVa vigorous, healthy girl. I have recommended this Remedy frequently and have never known it to fail in any single instance." For sale by Brock way's Pharmacy. BARRELS OF MONEY Are wasted every year by farmers in haul ing their product to market. Avail your self of the following opportunity aoid save your dollars:: Foe Sale A fine traet of farming land (160 acres), together with exclusive-water-right, only 2i .miles from Tucson Terms easy. For particulars address ANDRES REBEIL,, Tucson y Arizona. -fe-rAr "is- D. D. S. In the Mesa Free Preu.1 Neighbor Z is rushing his bay and grain to market. Ton after ton of the virgin fertility of his land is ship ped to foreign parts. His land is sap ped to produce all this hay and grain and-left biw- to' bake till the next season. He is getting the big price of five dollars per ton for his hav. He dsvb out of this 50 cents to put it on the cars, (2 to have it haled and $2.50 per acre to have it mowed and put in the 'stack-! He makes sometime a ton per acre and sometimes less. He takes chances on the weather and sometimes gets his crop damaged a third or more. After a small outlay for machinery and repairs helms a princely sum to deposit in the bank. After sweating and shaking all the season, and find ing that his bank account is not as large as' he could wish, he imagines that if he had a little more land, a little more- machinery, and would do a little more sweating and shak ing he would surely "get there." Iviy some little time, though, till the next season, and the next best thing is to "hike" out for a job, dodge bis creditors, and give all the weed seed on the ranch time to mature. Neighbor- V is not as able to do hard work as Neighbor Z, and beside his boys all beiug girls, he cannot run the amount ot machinery that Neighbor Z does. As for running after a job, that is out of the question. That piece of grain is hardly enough to justify having a header and thresher camp on him, besides there is hardly room for the camp, so the grain is piled up and fed to the hens. The girls pickup the eggs and look after the chickens, and find at the end of the year that the twelve tons of grain hay have returned just two hundred and forty dollars, or twenty dollars per tors, or $80 per acre for the three-acre crop. Thes same girls take just as much interest in seeing the calves look nice, taking care of the milk, etc. The cows are so gentle and good that they cannot help loving them and petting them, and the cows show their appre ciation of this kindness by giving double quantities of milk. Neighbor V has a field otalfalfa that would prob ably turn off ten tons of hay ; but there is too much work for him and hardly enough glory to justify hiring it cut and marketed, and ao he puts those pet cows on it. He fiuds at the end of the mouth that he has sold $100 worth of milk and there is yet feed enough for the colts and calves. Neighbor V takes the most pride in his fine melons, tomatoes and vegeta bles. He says the madam and the girls claim the hens and the cows, and the reason he feeds a little bran and shorts is because it makes the manure so much better for starting the early vegetables, you know, when the'price is good. He is quite as particular in providing gravel and bone food for the bens; suppose for the same reason Now, when Neighbor V goes to all this trouble, you caw just maVe sire' that the manure ia saved and used to the best advantage. . He says the reason be is so partu ular about keeping the weeds down' is from early traning ; that when he was a boy he was hired to a man that let hia sunflowers grow all summer and made him dig them out in the fall with a mattock; that be lost his health in the undertaking and has never since been. able to handle full grown ; weeds he just has to cut them while they are small. .'"'' ' NeighbW V is always "at home", to his creditors, and they always seen to be in the best of humor when they depart. . . , . :i s He frequently remarks that his day of worry is over since the new co-opera tive creamery and ice factory is in good running order. He now gets a fair test and a fair price. Years ago, when he had. only one cow and got 34c. for his milk, he never expected to see the day when he would have twenty cows and get $1.35, and have aU these cows give twice as much milk each as did the one cow. "Why that ia. forty' times the milk and four times the) price, making $160 now where I used to get $1. "And say! see that tomato patch?' Not a very big patch, but it brought $1,000. Big tomatoes at ten cents count up fast 'And wasn't that a good thing, pat ting up a co-operative cannery with the co-operative creamery? To be sure it all goes together. You have to keep cows if you intend to grow fruits and; vegetables, and you loose on the cows if you do not. , ' "Watermelons, did you say? Why, it's like picking up nuggets when you can get 50c. and $1.00 for them. "If you have time let me tell joiv what I did with my Muscat grapes'. ' I planted garden peas and radishes between the rows. Now, you know, how much cultivation, manuring andi nursing it takes to make a good crop. well this soon began to tell on the grape vines. I pruned the vines when the grapes began to harden the seed, and they then sent out the second cropy Oh, my ! yon ought to have been there. ; For flavor, size and quality .tfc'e Bprjng ,' crop wasn't in it. Money, did you say ? Why, a few tons at 8 and 10 cents a pound counted np a little." When the last legislature was in session, the Courier suggested that a bullion tax of 50 cents on each $1,000 gross bullion output of all mines would, n ot be burdensome to the small mine and would reach the big one in a way which would be just and in a way, which would be accepted as reason-, able by all parties at interest. The Courier has not changed its mind on these lines, and believes that a grave mistake was made in not passing suchtf a law. We cannot inject prejudice and personal spleen or favoritism into' laws and conform with the principles of a republican form of government. Our laws must be general and equally applicable to every citizen in the land. There are several groups of mines- ia Arizona from which values are annual ly taken equaling in value all the as sessable property of the countiea in. which those mines are located. Those values are taken from Arizona, and the bulk of them go into the pockets of , non-residents and they are practically, untaxed. The system needs fixing; but it must be fixea without bias and fixed 60 that the burden will rest equal ly on all, and when it does this it will. rest lightly on all. The burden of taxation has always consisted more in the inequality of taxation than in the' actual amount of such taxation. This' 50 cents per $1,000 taxation would be a self-regulating matter and would do away with a whole lot of wild talk" about assessing mines for so many million dollars on their newspeper rumored valuation. Prescott Courier.' Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy has a world wide reputation for its cures. It never fails' and is pleasant and safe to take. For' sale by Brockway's Pharmacy. MncDA Ja wJakes short roads. JL Wnd light loads. (MEASE 0Qd for everrthiner raything that runs on wheels. Sold Everywhere. Kma br STANDARD Oil. CO.