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THE CASA GRANDE VALLEY.
information tor Those Seeking Homes In the Garden Spot of the West. Pinal oounty was organized in 1615 from portion! of Pima, lluricopa and Yavupal counties, and contains an area of 5,863 square miles, or S,4SS,520 acres, one-third of which could be made productive by a systematic storage of the surplus water now running to waste. Xext to Maricopa it is the most important agricultural county in the Terri tory. It is traversed from east to west by the Southern Pacific railroad, and a branch of the great Santa Fe system is now ap proaching from the north. The objective 'point of this road is a connection with the Sonora road, of the same system. The Southern Paciflo Is also building in this direction from Tempe, and it is confidently .believed that work will not cease until the Deer Creek coal fields are reached and con nection is made with another branch of .that road running from Bowie to Globe and now completed to Fort Thomas. Thus It will be seen t hat Pinal county is the theater of railroad building at the pres ent time, and inside of a year Florence, the eon uty scat, will be A HAILKOAO CISTKS. At present it contains a population of bout 15U0, but with the oomiition of these railroadsandthe San Carlos reservoir no city in Arizona can approach if, for natural advantages, and a large increase in popula tion will follow. Florence is at an elevation of 1492 feet above sea level, situated near the ' Gila river, twenty-six miles northwest of the railroad station of Casa Grande, with whi.-h It is connected by an elegantly equipped daily stage line. Going and com ing stages run by the old Casa Grande ruins, and passengers are allowed a short time to inspect them. There are mauy handsome private residonce in Florence, several brick stores, good hotel, an excelleut graded school employing four teachers, churches, eeret societies, a Commercial Club, two newspapers, and the handsomest court house in the Territory. Here is held the United States Court for the district composed of Gila, Graham and Pinal counties. The streets are lined with i hade trees, which impart an air of com- I f..rt nn th warmest divs. ! . I PB0DCCT8 or thb valley. j i Unlike the Salt river, the waters of the Gila are fresh and pure; the soil contains no alkali, is a deep, rich gray ash, especial- ly adapted to the growth of the prune, olive, almond, peach, fig;, pear, apricot and fruits of all kinds, which pay largely on the invest ment. It is also the natural home of alfalfa, which grows In the most prolific manner. The grape does exceptionally well in this valley, and wine and raisin culture is destln- d to become a prominent industry. Citrus fruits have been cultivated to a limited ex tent; there are a number of oranpe trees In the neighborhood of Florence which bear their golden fruit each year without pro tection, and a few date palm trees are also n full bearing. The season is from six eeksto two months earlier than Southern California, which gives fruit growers an appreciated advantage in THE 1AELT 1IABKII3. The absence of fogs and nichtly dews is a ormmaoie onsracie w toe ae.irHci.vo aim unsightly scale-bug. and the fruits of the valley are all bright and clean. All the agri cultural products of temperate and seml - tropin zones, are easily grown here, the long seasons giving succession of crops that double or treble the productive value f the land. PRICKS OF LAHD. Improved lands, with government title and water right, can be bought for from $20 to $50 per acre, according to location and im provements. In the immediate neighbor hood and to the south of the Casa Grande ins there are thousands of acres covered with a heavy growth of mesquite timber yet open to settlement. These are among the choicest in the valley. Water In Inexbaustl- ble quantity is found at a depth of from twenty to thirty feet; in fact, a river seems to be flowing underneath. Here is a splen did opportunity to take up and improve land with a pumping system of irrigation, which is said to he successful on small tracts. However, with the completion of the San Carlos reservoir, pumping will be a thing of the past, and it is only mentioned here for the purpose of showing what can be done, and to magnify the further fact that what was once considered AS UklMHABITABL DESIBT s in truth the most productive land on the globe, and that there is water in abundance ' o bring every foot of it under cultivation, only waiting for the magic wand of capital to develop it. There Is no water-storage scheme on the Pacific coast that has one- half the natural advantages and so few en gineering difficulties asthe San Carlos reser voir. Here nature has built the abutments In ever-living rock, and all that is left for man to do is to put in the headgate, the bluffs which form the gorge being only separated by a paltry 2-0 feet. A country is drained through this narrow canyon 200 miles square, representing 40,000 square miles, or larger than Maine and Massachu setts combined. The rainfall is sufficient to fill the reservoir twice a year, and the land to be brought under cultivation is practi cally limitless. This may read like fairy tale, but is is every word true, and has been erified time and again. CASA OBABDI BEBZ8VOIB, The reservoir of the Casa Grande Valley Canal company is the largest in the terri tory. It covers a surface of 1600 acres, with an average depth of 1 feet, and contains about eight thousand million gallons of water. It Is situated fifteen miles south west of Florence. A levee of eaith has been thrown up across a depression in the plain 14,000 feet in length, 125 feet In width at the bottom and 25 feet In width at top, 2 to 1 slope on each ide, and an average height of 25 feet. The waste is' regulated by S cast iron pipes S feet in diameter, set in solid ' masonry regulated by gates - and tower. This reservoir cost (150,000. and supplies water for 8,000 acres. Metuoroloaical Statistics. The signal service of the general govern ment maintained a station at Florence from Jb't to 1882. The reports Covering the period from July, Hint), to April, 1882, gives the fol lowing statistics, which may be taken as a safe guide to the prevailing temperature given during the series of six years: ' ' 1880. " ' Mean. Max. Mln. 61 60 48 82 25 27 July.......'. W August "6.5 September L0 October OS. j'ovember December &0.9 18H1. January 5.I iSbnim y MT 111 112 107 B6 78 85 21 21 March 5.7 98 29 April 69.1 100 48 May 71.7 104 45 June S3.7 113 41 July 81.9 112 64 Augusft 84.5 110 62 September 77.5 103 50 October 67.4 98 86 November 52.4 80 28 December '...,.,....52.2 81 2g 1862. January. ..46.4 79 23 Kebruary .....49.5 72 March.. 57.3 92 25 April 62.1 109 1 The heat as represented lu the above table during the mouths of June. July und August Is nothing like as unbearable as In the Eastern States, and death from BUNSTKOKE IB UNKNOWN. In fact, in a rosideuce of twenty-one years in iArM the writer 1ms only known two persons to be overcome by the heat, and they recovered. Their condition, however. as more the result of whisky than heat. The air is so dry here that a registered temperature of 110 degrees is not as oppres sive as K0 decree in St. Louis or New York. The Signal Service bureau has recognized this fact, and reports thediiference between the apparent and sensible temperature to be fully 30 degreei. At nearly all times there ' is a pleasant breeze; the nights are invari- ably cool in the summer, and out-door labor j is performed without serious discomfort to I either man or beast on the warmest days, i Very seldom does the thermometer get be- low the freezing point in winter, and in the gardens of Florence to-day are castor bean plants two years or mure old, L-NTOI.THBD BY FBOST. Orange and lemon trees require slight protection during the winter for a year or two, until the wood is sufficiently hardened. While it Is a popular thing for one to say that he is "not here far his health," it is an undisputed fact that for all pulmonary ail ments no climate on earth Is equal to South. ern Arizona, and there are numbers of active, industrious citizens, with but one lung, who came here years ago, expecting mi rar m the wonderful Casa Grande valley is some tn,n hetter than a health resort. That portion of the great Casa Grande valley lying along the line of the Southern Pacific railway in the vicinity of Casa Grande j Bud Arizola is at present, and with good j reason, considered one of the most desirable i portions of this magniheunt Southern Ari- zona Great changes have been made in the appearance of this part of the valley during the last ten years. It was about that long ago that the Florence canal was completed and the work of actual improvement begun. It is useless to deny that under our present water system there is nothing like a suffi cient water to irrigate this vast body of lucd. THE CASA GHAXDB VALLKY CAKAL is forty-three miles in lenih and covers 00.000 acres of land, about 7,000 of which are ludercultivation. It is so constructed that it can be easily eularged and its capacity In creased. A reservoir covering L600 acres, having storage capacity of eight billion gal lons, in the southeast corner of township 6. range 9, gives ample supply of water the year round to all farmers located below it. i but thoso ttDove tutSer by a shortage I wateP during a few weeks in summer. of It is proposed to remedy this by the con struction of a huge reservoir near San Carlos, which would tU ro S3'., 896 acre-feet of water, capable of irrigating 140,698 acres of land. All of this land would be in the vicinity of Florence. The estimated cost of the dam is $1,038,826. This survey was made by order of Congress, for which $20,000 was appropriated. Mr. J. D. Schuyler, of Los Angeles, the noted irrigation engineer, f ull verities Mr. Lippincott's reiwrt, and strong ly urges upon Congress the duty of con structing the work. A dam 200 feet in height, which fc-'r. Schuyler considers per- i fectly feasible, would store acre-feet j of water and the reservoir would have a life ! of sixty-three years without dredging. The report says: In the event of the construc tion of this dam there will be built up in the valley of the Gila river where a desert now exists, a community of fully 40.000 souls and the creation of many million dollars of tax able wealth without permanent outlay on the part of the Government." A bill is now before Congress for the construction of the work, and there is little doubt of its passage when its merits become known. HOUSE MEMORIAL NO. 4. To the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States in Con gress Assembled. We, your Memorialists, the Nine teenth Legislative Assembly of the Territory ot Arizona, respectfully rep resent that the National Irrigation j Congress, held in Phoenix, Arizona, oo the 11th of December, A.D. lSDti, unan imously adopted the following : W hereas, The Pima and Maricopa Indians, tribes numbering in the aggregate ten thousand souls, have been deprived of the waters used by them in irrigation before the advent of the white race in America, through the appropriation of such waters by settlers on the headwaters of the Gila river; and Whereas. Through the lossof such waters the lunds once cultivated by these tribes have become barren and worthless, and the members of such tribes have become a charge on the Government, and forced "by the lost of their helds into lives of degrada tion and penury ; and 1 Whereas, Such tribes have from the ear liest days been the friends and allies ot the white race: and ' Whereas,1 The people of the United States have pledged themselves by solemn treaty to protect such tribes in their property and property rights; and . Whereas, The Government of the United States has and now is engaged in the ex- ftenditureof hundreds of thousands of dol ars for the construction of works of irriga tion for the reclamation of lands belonging to other Indian tribes; therefore, be it Resolved, That this Cougress do approve the proposed construction, under the plans of the U. S. Geological Survey, of the Buttes reservoir, in Pinal county, Arizona, recently reported, to again reclaim the lauds of ' these tribes, believing that by so doing can the Government aione: honorably redeem the broken pledges made by it to these people, and thus preserve from further want and degradation two of : the surviving Indian tribes of the American continent t hat have always been the constant friends Of the white race. Resolved, That we approve the proposed construction of such reservoir not only as Just and philanthropic, but as economical and good policy, as in a comparatively shor time the expense of maintaining such In dians as Government charges will far exceed the cost of the irrigation works required to make them a self-supporting and self-respecting community. " Now, therefore, your Memorialists, the Nioeteentli Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Arizona, desire to go on record as earnestly endorsing the above recommendalious of the Sixth National Irrigation Congress for the following reasons: 1. The reservoir site referred to baviog been withdrawn fron entry by Government authorities, cannot now be utilized by any private corporation and the Government therefore occupies the indefensible position of doing .noth ing itself or. allowing any one else to improve this great natural reservoir site. ; 2. We firmly believe that the inter ests of humanity dictate that the In dians should be gathered on the reser vations, have lands allotted to them in severalty, and that they be furnished with farming implements and an inex haustible supply of water for irrigation of their lands, to the end that they may become self supporting. By this metins will a home life be furnished for the Indian and he will more rapidly advance in civilization as a conse quence, lie will abandon his nomadic life; his children will be kept at home and educated io neighborhood schools, instead of being sent to large Indian Kcbools. at a distance where they are kept (as it would seem) for mere purposes of show. After beinsr in structed in tne arts ol civilization for a time they are returned to savacery, .to become more unhappy and discon tented than if they had never received the questionable advantages. We feel that the present policy of the Indian department is all wrontr in this regard. d. lhe fioia and Maricopa. Indian reservation oontaius 350,000 acres of as fertile land as lies within the bound anes ol Arizona, and is admirably adapted lor homes for these people, as well as the wandering Papagoes, who are now compelled to prey upon the herds of our farmers and ranchmen for subsistence. 4. The construction of a storage reservoir at the Buttes by the Govern ment oilers a plain business proposv tion for the correction of these evils, Resolved, that the Secretary of the Territory be instructed to transmit a copy of the foregoing Memorial to our Delegate and Delegatelect in Con gress, and also a copy each to the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representatives. ' WOMAN BUFFALO HERDER. Sise Raises Baffslnc for Dlversloa and Has a Hundred on Her Texas Ranch. Mm. Mary A. Goodnight, of Good night, Tex., enjoys the di.stinction of being the only woman in the world who owns a herd of buffaloes. There nre 100 in the herd, more than half of which lire pure bred, the remainder lieing "cataloes," as a cross between a buffalo and a Galloway cow is called, writes E. J. Davison, in the Ladies' Home Journal. The cataloes have the same hump as the buffaloes, and ishapgy hair, but their color varies from jet black to light brown, and lhey are most readily distinguished from the pure bred by their horns, which are longer. The cataloes are also much more tractable, and caa foon be taught to eat out of one's hand. But the full-blood buffaloes of the Goodnight herd at least never, repose full confluence in man. Big and powerful as they are they are timid and run away at the slighest alarm, although they have taken food from their owner's hand from the opposite side of a fence; nor will they attack unless wounded or driven into close quarters. Kven with this repu tation for timidity Mrs. Goodnight does not regard the pure bred buffa loes as trustworthy, and does not consider it safe to go among them oa foot. Mrs. Goodnight also has a herd of 15 elks. In the great park, two nquare miles in area, each animal herds with his kind. Even the pure blood buffalo looks with a royal con tempt upon his plebeian hait-brother, (he catalo, and the two keep wide ;art in separate and distinct groups. THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE, The largast circulation in Pinal County, the richest of all the Ari zona counties in mines and agricultural lands. In general circulation among farmers and min ers. The most desirable advertising medium in Arizona. A newspaper that you need not be ashamed to send away to your friends. Subscrip tion $3.00 a year, or $5.00 for two copies (in ad vance). Address TRIBUNE, Florence, Ariz. , Florence, Arizona. JUAN SOUS, Watchmaker and Jeweller, Corner I I th and Main St. Vocal and Instrumental Music Lessons Given. MARCUS A. SMITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, . Tucson, Arizona. Will attend to cases in Pinal, Gra liaui and Gila counties. ARIZONA CONSOLIDATED aid Liiui'f Co. (JNCQEPORATED 18D2.) DAILY STAGE BETWEEN Florence ind Casa Grauds Li very, Fe sea & 0 - Sale Stable Florence and Casa Crancc. 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"CANNON BALL" f TAKE THE This handsomely equipped train leaves El Paso daily and runs through to St. Louis without change, where direct connections are made for the North and East : P also direct connections via Shreveport Latest Pattern Pullman Buffet Sleepers Elegant New Chair Cars Seats Free Solid Vestibuled Trains Throughout For descriptive pamphlet, or other information, call on or addresa E. W.CURTIS, , CURTIS, " S. W. P. A., El Paso, Texas. PROFESSIONAL CARDS- DR. AXCIL MARTIN, JYE AND EAR. Phoenix, Arhsoaa: W. II. GRIFFIN, LAWYER. Office up stairs Erunenkant block. Florence, Arizona. GEO. M. BROCKWAY, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office and residence at hospitul. Florence. Arizona J. S. STIFFEN, A TTORXEY AT LAW, Florence. Arizona, 1 Will attend to cases in I'iinu, Graham and Gila counties. All Lee's Bestaiirant Opposite The Flokcsce Tribuke office In P. R. Brady, if s., New Building. First-class in every respect. Meals 25 and 25 cts. Ladiesdiniugrooro, Corner 7th and Main street Florence, Arizona. e have arranged with the New York d to furnish this paper with a limited ber of subscriptions for a limited time TRIBUNE, Florence, Arizona. "v-51 33 Barclay St., New York, Gateways4 FAST TKALN" or New Orleans for all points in the South- E. P. TURNER, G. P. & T. A.. Dallas, Texas. TJUE SCENIC LINE OF ARIZONA! Santa Fe, Prescott A Phoenix R'y. AND Prescott & Eastern Railroad, WITH THB SANTA FE SYSTEM. Shortest And Quickest Route Between Phoenix, Kansas City, St. Louis Chicago and all points EAST. THROUGH TIME TABLE. From East. HAII V To East. Read down. IVrtlt-.! Head Up. No.7. No. f. No. 2, No. 8. 2 43a il0.00p Iv Chicago ar: 7.40'a It O0i 2 15p lO.iKai lv. .Kansas City lvi 5.4opi 8 00a 8 40a I 4.1f.;lv....La Junta IvlO.aOpj S4oa 3 OJa: Iv Denver ar lO.OOai La Junta Iv! 3.25aj i La Juutu ar lO.aOp ur.Piieblo (D4RG)..! I ,'ar.U Aloro(UAUG). .) I 7;30a, 10 OSu! 10 45a 7.10a 9 25pi U5 ...Trinidad lvt 7.40p 10a .Albuquerque. .Iv, f.30a, 7 lOp ...Ash Fork.... Iv j 5.50pi a 55a ...Ash Fork....ar; 5.')p; 3 55a . Barstow ...lvt 2.l0a 2 lOp .Los Angeles . .Iv 7.15p; ...fcinn Iiitgo .. iv l.Sjpi ....Mohave Iv: ill 10a ...Bakerheld.. .Iv 7 40a San Francisco. .Iv; I 8 pup l orpii2.iOp 1 3U1V2.S.I1; 12 30Ui 1.21.U 7.00a 2.45plar ilv . 'iv . 5 55a LIMITED TRAINS. No. 4 Chicago Ltd. No. 3 California Ltd. Daily. Daily, Fri Fri FH Sat feat Sun Sun 9.00a. Iv .San Francisco. .ar: 5.5"tp Thura ii.OOu Iv. . .Los Aneeles. .ar : 8.30a Thurs I10.40p lv Barstow Iv: 3.a I burs iu..j;a.lv.. .Aah b ovk lv- &.2.ttWed 11.45p Iv.. Albuquerque. . lvi 4.00u;Wed if.'i'iiilv Trinidad lv t.27:!Tue 11.57ulv La Junta h 3.1ii.lue bun 6.00pior . Denver lvll.OOa Tues I lion 2.41aar.. .Kansas City . .lv 2.00aTues t 2.1ja.ar Chicago l.oopMou ! I l i j LOCAL TIME TABLE, j Mountain Time. Southbound No. 1 I Northbound No. 2 6 OOp lv Ash Fork ar 10 40a 7 50p lv Jerome Junction lv! 8 45a 8 2wp iv P & E Junction lv 8 15a 8 ST.par..... Prescott lv; 8 OCa 8 4:,p lv Prescott ,ar 7 00 10 24plv Kirkland lvi 5 OOa 11 5Up lv Congress Junction lvi S OOa 12 20a, lv VVickeuburg lvi 2 15a 12 SHalv Hot Springs Junction.. ..Iv! 1 40a 2 17a!lv Giendale lv 12 C-a 2 40a ar Phoenix lv 11 8l No. 21! ' PAKK.'i ! No. 22 11 15a.lv Mayer ar 10 20a 11 40u lv Huron lv 55a 12 10p.lv Cherry Creek Jv , 9 25 1 2yp ar Prescott lvi 8 loa No. S; U V 4 P Kailway iNo. 4 11 2"Uilv Jerome aril 25a 1 20;iar Jerome Junction lvi 9 OOa For time at other local stations call on Agent. Diuing Station. CoyyEcnoNs: Jerome Junction with XJ. T. A P. Ky, for Jerome: P. A . Junction with P. A E. K. K. for Huron and Mayer; Mayer with stage to Crown King and other mining points; Prescott with stave lines for all the principal mining? camps; Congress Junction with stage lines for Congress, Harqua Hal a, Stanton and Yarnell: Hot Springs Juuction with the C. C. H. S. A 1. Co.. tor Castle Creek Hot Springs, the all-year-round health resort; Phoenix with the 51 . AP. A S. K. V. K. K. for points on the S. P. system. 11. P. Asbwaivt. Gen. Pass. Agt., Prescott, Arizona, Fire!Fire!!Fire!!I No Excuse for it if yon arc supplied with stempeL Fire Extinguisher. A. F. BARKER. Local Agent. Ferrr'a Seods are iJ knnt.-n Lhfnii n'rnra.iii toe mast rcli&hln Kfd thn VrT nickel on cheap seeds and lose i rA doaar 00 the harvest. TWO FOR ONE. Send for free sample and judge thereby, THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE ASD THE CINCINNATI WEEKLY ENQUIRER. Both one jjear for only $3.00. The Enquirer is a 9-column, 8-page paper, issued each Thursday. 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