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THE CASA GRANDE VALLEY.
Information for Those Seeking Homes In th Garden Soot of the West. Pinal county s nrjranijed In J87S from portions of Pima, Maricopa aud Yavapai c mutles, and contains an area of j,BtiSso,imre miles, or MifeVtSO acres, one-third of which could bo made productive by a systematic ttorag-e of the surplus water now running to waste. Next to Maricopa it it the most important agricultural county in the Terri tory. It is traversed from oast to west by the Southern Pacific railroad, and a branch of the treat Santa Fe system is now ap proaching from the north. The objective point of thin road Is a connection with the Sonora road, of the name system. The Southern Paolflc is also buildiufr in this direction from Tempe, and it is confidently believed that work will not. cease until the Deer Creek ooa! fields are reached and con nection is made with another branch of that road running from Rowie to Globe and now completed to Fort Thomas. Thus it will be seen that Pinal county Is the theater of railroad buildins; at the pres ent time, mid inside of a year Florence, the county scut, will be A BAILROAD C2KTSB. At present i contains a population of bout 15(0. but with the completion of these railroads and the San Carlos reservolrno city in Arizona can approueh it for natural advantas-es, and a larire increase in popula tion will follow. Florence is at an elevation of 1492 feet above sea level, situated near the Gila river, twenty-six miles northwest of the railroad station of Cusa Grande, with which it is connected by an elegantly equipped daily sta re line. Goine and com ing stages run by the old Casa Grande ruins, and passeneers are allowed a short time to inspect them. There are many handsome private residence in Florence, several brick stores, good hotel, an excellent graded chool employing four teachers, churches, ecret societies, a Commercial Club, two newspapers, and the haudsomest court house in the Territory. Here is held the United States Court for the district composed of Gila, Graham and Pinal counties. The streets are lined with shade trees, w hich impart an air of com fort on the warmest days. rXODVCTS OP THE YAIJ.KY. Unlike the Salt river, the waters of the Gila are fresh and pure; the soil contains no alkali, is a deep, rich gray ash, especial ly adapted to the growth of the prune, olive, almond, peach, hit, pear, apricot and fruits of all kinds, which pay largely on theinvest mcnt. It is also the natural home of alfalfa, which grows in the most prolific manner. The grape docs exceptionally well in this valley, and wine and ratain culture is destiu- d to become a prominent industry. Citrus fruits have been cultivated to a limited ex tent;there are a number of orange trees in the neighborhood of Florence which bear their golden fruit each year without pro tection, and a few date palm trees are also n full beariusr. The season is from six eeksto two months earlier than Southern California, which gives fruit growers an appreciated advantage in THI XAULT MARIST3. The absence of fosrs and nightly dews is a ormidable obstacle to the destructive and unsightly scale-busr. and the fruits of the valley are all bright and clean. All the agri ealtural products of temperate and semi tropio cones are easily grown here, the long seasons giving a succession of crops that double or treble the productive value f the land. raicis or laud. Improved lands, with government titlo and water right, can be bought for from i'20 to $50 per acre, according to location and im provements. In the immediate neighbor hood and to the south of the Casa Grande ins there are thousands of acres covered with a heavy growth of mesquite timber yet open to settlement. These are among the choicest in the valley. Water in inexhausti ble quantity is found at a depth of from twenty to thirty feet; in fact, a river seems to be flowing tiuderneath. Here is a splen did opportunity to take up and improve land with a pumping system of irrigation, which is said to be successful on small tracts. However, with the completion of the San Carlos reservoir, pumping will be a thing of the past, and it is only mentioned here for the purpose of showing what can bo done, and to magnify the further fact that what was once considered AS CXINHABITABLI DESEHT s in truth the most productive land on the globe, and that there is water in abundance o bring every foot of it under cultivation, only waiting for the magic wand of capital to develop it. There is no water-storage scheme on tl e Pacific coast that has one half the natural advantages and so few en gineerlng difficulties asthe oan Carlos reser voir. Here nature has built the abutments in ever-living rock, and all that is left for man to do is to put in the headgate, the bluffs which form the gorge being only separated by a paltry 220 feet. A country is drained through this narrow canyon 2G0 miles square, representing 40,000 square miles, or larger than Maine and Massachu setts combined. The rainfall is sufficient to fill the reservoir twice a year, and the land to be brought under cultivation is practi cally limitless. This tnay read like a fairy tale, but is is every word true, and has been erified time and again. CASA GBAHCK B23IEV01B. The reservoir of the Casa Grande Valley Canal company is the large-t in the terri tory. It covers a surface of 1600 acres, with an average depth of 12 feet, and contains about eight thousand million gallons of water. It is situated fifteen miles south west of Florence. A levee of earth has been thrown up across a depression in the plain 14,000 feet In length, 135 feet in width at the bottom and 25 feet in width at top, 2 to 1 slope on each side, and an average height of 25 feet. The waste is regulated by cast iron pipes 3 feet in diameter, set in solid masonry, regulated by fates and tower. This reservoir cost $150,000, and supplies water for 8,000 acres. Meteorological Statistics, The signal service of the general govern ment maintained a station at Florence from iS74 to IHVl. The reports covering the period from Ju!.lH0, to April, 182, gives the fol lowing statistics, which may be taken as a safe guide to the prevailing temperature given during the scries of six years: 1SU, Mean. Max. Min, July 66.6 111 61 August 66-5 lW 60 September 81.0 107 48 October , 66.0 8ti 32 November 52.1 80 25 Deoember 50.9 77 27 1661. Jamiftrv 45.7 7ft ri february EU S3 21 1 Uureh. 54.7 S3 29 April , 69.1 100 48 Hay , J4.7 10 45 June 63.7 113 44 July 87.9 112 W August 64.5 110 62 September 77.5 103 SO October : tn.i (a si November 32.4 80 26 December 52.2 M 28 January 49.4 19 ;g February 49.5 72 27 March .,...57.3 92 25 April 62.1 100 Hi The heat as represented in the above table during t ho months of June, July and August is nothing like as unbearable as in the Eastern States, and death from 8UNHTBOKE IB UNKKOWN. In fact, in a residence of twenty-oue years in Arizona the writer has only known two persons to be overoonie by the heat, and they recovered. Their condition, however, was more the rosult of whisky than heat. The air is so dry here that a registered temperature of 110 degrees is not as oppres sive as 80 degrees in St. Louis or New York. The Signal Service bureau has recognized this fact, and retorts thedifference between the apparent and sensible temperature to bo fully SO degrees. At nearly all times there Is a pleasant breeze; the nights are invari ably cool in the summer, and out-d oor labor is performed without serious discomfort to either man or beast on tho warmest days. Tory seldom does the thermometer get be low the freezing poiut in winter, and in the gardens of Floreuco to-day are custor bean plants two years or more old, UNTOUCHED BY FKOBT. Orange and lemon trees require slight protection during the winter for a year or two, until the wood is sufficiently hardened, While it is a popular thing for one to say that he Is "not hero for his health," it is an undisputed fact that for all pulmonary ail ments no olimate on earth is equal to South ern Arizona, and there are numbers of active, industrious citizens, with but one lung, who came here years ago, expect ing to live but a few weeks. But for all that, tho wonderful Casa Grande valley is some thing better than a health resort. That portion of the great Casa Grande valley lying along the line of the Southern Pacific railway in the vicinitv of Casa Grande and Arlzola is at present, and with good reason, considered one of the most desirable portions of this magnifieant Southern Ari zona, Great changes have been made in the appearance of this part of the valley during the last ten years. It was about that long ago that the Florence canal was completed and the work of actual improvement begun. It Is useless to deny that under our present water system there is nothing like a suffi cient water to irrigate this vast body of land. THS CASA OBASDI TAIXEY CA3AX, is forty-three miles in length and covers 60.000 acres of land, about 7,000 of which are under cultivation. It is so constructed that it can be easily enlarged and its oanacity in creased. A reservoir covering 1.600 acres, having storage capacity of eight billion gal lons, in the southeast corner of township 6. range 9, gives ample supply of water the year round to all farmers located below it. but those above suffer by a shortage of water during a few weeks in summer. It is Drouoketl tn remo.-lv tMe Kv hA etruction of a huge reservoir near San Carlos, w hie a would stt re JW1,398 acre-feet of water, capable of irrigating 140,838 acres of land. All of this land would be in the vicinity of Florence. Tho estimated cost of the dam is Sl.058,96. This survey was made by order of Congress, for which S20.000 was appropriated. Mr. J. I. Schuyler, of Los Angeles, the noted irrigation engineer, fully verities Mr. Lippincott's report, and strong ly urres upon Congress the duty of con- structing the work. A dam 200 feet in height, which Jt'r. Schuyler considers per fectly feasible, would store .v.o nm of water and the reservoir would have a life of sixty-three years without dredging. The report says: "In the event of the construc tion of this dam there will oe built up in the valley of the (sila river where a desert now exists, a community of fully 40.000 souls and the creation of many million dollars of tax able wealth without permanent outlay on the part of the Government." A bill is now before Congress for the construction of tho work, and there is little doubt of its passage when its merits become known. HOUSE MEMORIAL NO. 4. To the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States in Con gress Assembled. We,, your Memorialists, the Nine teeutb Legislative Assembly of tbe Territory of Arizona, respectfully rep reeent that the National Irrigation Congress, held in Phoenix, Arizona, on the 11th of December, A. D. 1&16, unan imously adopted the following : Whereas, The Pima and Maricopa Indians, tribe numbering in the UKirretrate ten thousand souls, have been deprived oftiie waters used by them in irrigation before me nuvpiii oi me wtnie race in America. inrougu me appropriation ot such water y seiners on me nea-iwaters of the Gila river; and Whereas, Through the lossof such waters the lands once cultivated by, these trihea have become barren and worthless, and the members of such tribe have become a charge on the Ciovermnent. and forced by the loss of their fields into lives of degrada tion and penury ; aud Whereas, Such tribes have from the ear liest days been the friend and allies of the white race ; and Whereas, Xhe people of the United States have pledged themselves by solemn treaty to protect such tribes in their property and property rights; and W hereas, The Government of the United States has and now is engaged in the ex penditure of hundreds of thousands of dol lars for the construction of works of irriga tion forthe reclamation of lnuds belonging to other Inditiii tribes; therefore, be it KeJolved. That this Congress dn nnnrnva the proposed construction, under the plans ti uic l.o. wcwiuRirai survey, oi me mitres reservoir, in final county, Arizonu, recently reported, to atraiu reclaim the lands of these tr.bes. behev.nsr that by so doing can the Government alone honorably redeem the broken pledges made by it, to these people, und thus preserve from further want and degradation two of the surviving Indien tribes ot the American continent that have always been tuo constant friends of the white race. Kesolved, That we approve the proposed construction of such reservoir not only as just aud philanthropic, but as economical and good policy, as in a comparatively shor. time the expense of maintaining such In diuns as Government charges will far exceed the cost ot the irrigation works required to make them a self-supporting aud self-re specting community. fyt-w, therefore, your Memorialists, the Nineteenth Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Arizona, desire to go on record as earnestly endorsing the above recotninendatious of the Sixth National Irrigation Congress for the following reasons: 1. The reservoir site referred to having been withdrawn fron entry by Government authorities, cannot dow be utilized by any private corporation and the Government therefore occupies ' the indefensible position of doing colli- : ng itself or allowing any one rise to improve this great natural reservoir site. , 2. We firmly believe that the inter ests of humanity dictate that toe In diaus should be gathered on the reser vations, have lands allotted to tliem in severalty, aud that they be furnished with farming implements aud an inex haustible supply of water for irrigation of their lands, to the end that they may become self supporting. By this means will a home life be furnished for the Indian and he will more rapidly advance in civilization as a conse quence. He will abandou his nomadic life; his children will be kept at home and educated in neighborhood schools, instead of being sent to large Indian schools at a distance where they are kept (as it would seern) for mere purposes of show. After' being in structed in the arts of civilization for a time they are returned to savagery, to become more unhappy and discon tented than if they hud never received the questionable advantages. We feel that the present policy of the Indian department is all wrong in this regard.. 3. The Pima and Maricopa Indian reservation contaius 350,000 acres of as fertile land as lies within the bound aries of Arizona, and is admirably adapted for homes for these people, as well as the wandering Papagoes, who are now compelled to prey upon the herds of our farmers and ranchmen for subsistence. 4. The construction of a storage reservoir at the liuttes by the Govern ment offers a plain business proposi tion for the correction of these evils. Ilesolved, that the Secretary of the Territory be instructed to transmit a copy of the foregoing Memorial to our Delegate and Delegate:elect in Con gress, and also a copy each to the President of the Senate and Speaker of the Uoase of Representatives. " FOR BACHELOR GIRLS. " Good, Wholesome Recreation Is R. ommended to Them Studjr llwlTt, Some excellent advice to bachelor irirls is given, by a writer in the Pitts burgh Press. ".Night work does not pay," she Kays. "I have known mar,y successful wemfn who. at the beginmngof their careers, worked IS hours a day. This may have seemed necessary, but it was not wis-, although the persistence aud energy which is revealed were admirable. "The most profitable indulgence no rible is that given to good, wholesome recreation, which not only improves thr quality of one's effort, but also extends the time in which to win success, the active period of a woman's life. Read ing should form a considerable element in a young woman's recreation. Oa this paint I epeak with conviction frccm my own personal experience. I cat. recall scarcely a day in the course of which I have not spent from one to tws hours or more reading something sub stantialhistory, poetry, political economy or historical romance. Not only have I found this one of the rarest pleasures of my life, but it has to very considerable extent n:aile up far tbe lack of a coUfsje education. Study in season nd out cf season. Xtrcr stow bo'.f way a"on any line. Master it or keep it until forced to admit it hat mastered you, Xever forg-etoroverioek an old friend and make as many new ones as poeib'e without tbe sacrifice of whit of self-respect or individuality. Do this from principle, inasmuch as it is through our friends that the best pportunitie "f come to us." THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE, The larg?st circulation in Pina. County, the richest of all the Ari zona counties m mines and agricultural lands. In general circulation among farmers and min ers. The most desirable advertising medium in Arizona. A newspaper that you need not be ashamed to send away to your friends. Subscrip tion $3.00 a year, or $5.00 for two copies (in ad vance). Address TRIBUNE, Florence, Ariz. Florence, Arizona. JUAN SOUS, Watchmaker and Jeweller, Corner I Ith and Main St. Vocal and Instrumental Music Lessons Given. MARCUS A. SMITH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Tucson, ... Arizona. Will attend to cases In Pinal, Gra ham and Gila counties. ARIZONA CONSOLIDATED Stap and LiYery Co. (INCORPORATED 1892.) DAILY STAGE BETWEEN Florence and Casa Grande Livery, Feed & Sale Stables Florence and Casa Cranae. Lem Wing Chung DEALER IN T Goods, Groceries And Notions. Sell cheap for cash. Corner 10th and Bailey streets, Florence - Arizona. SPRING HEADING. GOOD num. toils great Tliriee-a-Week and Monthly Editions. We are enabled to offer ten numoers oi THE MONTHLY WORLD MAGAZINE The Thrice-a-Week World, One Year AND THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE ONE YEAR, ALL FOR $3.00. in is oner, which Is the most liberal ever matin by a-iy newsunner. is limited to new subscribers who pay one year in advance and to oid subscribers who pay up back sub scription and one year in auvance. WHAT THE MONTHLY WORLD NEWSPAPER MAGAZINE IS. . . Jhe.?.Ionth'j'wOflil is a K-paBe Magazine with colored cover. It is copiously illus tinted with pen drawings and hajt-tone reproduction? of photographs. The illustrations .fnftl , ' nebe art istio skill. Wed by all the latest printing pre appliances, aKaz'neunr'Vf'lledmthe "Juaty of its contents aud the beauty of its ap- f- Kiich issue contains stories of rommce, love adventura, travel; stories of Action and fact; .orie of tLmp qoaiut and rurions. gathered from all over the world: the results V'6"?"S,'!,a.h-nd,ntPVn,tedi,ori,l I number amonp, Its contribn- Lb . f . fading literary men and women of the day. Its comic pap-es will present the wora of famous comic artists. There will be funny paraitranhs and nictures. womnn VM 1!. ""'il ''' th" iare fir8t P" Portrait of ths most famed man or woman ot the moment in the public eye. u .1 ii e,f Prerar'ns.tor publication tho literary matter and art subjects for ?l 'iy.i Cr n. -expei,ie " snared It is one of the most attractive publications JtiV J . . e Kre,Kt c,,y of New York- 11 finishes high-class and widely varied enter t?,ff,?.n M Ti' m ';,tt"d waders throusthout .North America. The si?.e of the pages of ,M Sj"!, AV orld js ten and a half by eighteen inches. aDDlictlo w,Vii . 'ihe ont!ly or,d Newspaper Magazine will be sent free on application. Write a postal card and ask for one. Address all orders to THE TRIBUNE, Florence, Arizona. FALL READING. ALL THE YEAR ROUND. during HOT WEATHER he BLUE FLAME COOK STOVES. IE! ROCHESTER" SF3, ROOKING under these circumstances is a pleasure. 'The Rochester Lamp Co. stake their reputation on the stove in question. The best evidence of the satisfaction enjoyed is testimonials galore aud duplicate orders from all parts of the world. Send for literature, both the "SEW ROCHESTER" COOK STOTE and the "NEW ROCHESTER" LAMP. You will never resret havinff introduced these goods into your house hold. THE ROCHESTER LAMP CO., 38 Park Place and 33 Barclay St., New York. V 4-Impoitant' TE3CAS B m SiJPACIFiS v "No Trouble to Answer Questions." "CANNON BALL" : TAKE THE t tm imnunomeiy equipped tram leaves KI faso daily and runs through to St. , Louis without change, where direct connections are made for tho Wn-ti, a pt' V also direct connecsions via Shreveport or L east. ;, Latest Pattern Pullman Buffet Sleepers Elegant New Chair Cars Seats Free Solid Vestibuled Trains Throughout. . For descriptive pamphlet, or other information, call on or address R. W. CURTIS, S. W. P. A.. 1 Paso, Texas. PROFESSIONAL CARDS- DE. AKCIL MARTIN, IYEANDEAE. Phoenix, Arizona; W. H. GEIFFIN, LAWYER. Oilice up stairs Bruuenliant block. Florence, Arizona, GEO. M. EOCKWAY, PHYSICIAN AND SCRGEON. Office bud residence at hospital. Florence. Arizona J. S. SX1FFEX, A TTORXEY AT LAW, Florence, Arizona, i Will attend to cases in I'ima, liraliain and Gila comities. M Leo's . fiestanrant Opposite The Floeence Teibuxe office In P. R. Erady, Jr's., New Building. First-class in every respect. Meals 85 and 25 cts. Ladies dining room. Corner 7th and Main street Florence, - - - Arizona. SUMMER READING. READING. iave arranged with the New York furnish this p:iper with a limited subscriDtiona for a limited tiin WINTER READING. Gateways- FAST TRAIN New Orleans for all Doints in t.h sn.' . P. TURNER, G. P. 4 T. A Dallas, Texas. 4 ft THE I.IKI np iPTOrai t Santa Fe, Prescott & Pficenix. R'y AND - - Prescolt & Eastern Railroad,' WITH THK SANTA FE SYSTEM. Shortest And . r . ' Quickest Route Between Phoenix, Kansas City. St. Louis Chisago and all points EAST. THROUGH TIME TABLE. fe f DAILY 'FA No.i.ho. 1. Ko.2,No.8. t Sa ;10.u0plv Chicago ar: 7.40a St OOp a 1-ip aO.Stl.aiiv.. Kansas City ivi S.liipj 8 Oua 0 Mm l 4.1.ialv....Ltt Junta lvlO.aOu! 9 i'ja. S (Ma: I 1:30a! 10 05a! lv L'enver ar lO.GOaj I La J unta iv! s.vSal ! La Junta ai jlOJUpl ar. Pueblo (1JARG).. I , iar.l.1 Aloro(lAmi). m i:,.-. T.hir, in nvi..;.iu.l 1.,, T a 2P- .Sip;lv ..A)buiuerque..!v: iMm 1 lOu 1 fop:12.Uipr....Asb Fork. ...Ivi 5.&opl 8 Ma 1 S0..,12.35plv....AKh Fork....ar! SjEipi 8 55a 12 UWil l.iia'iv Harstow ...Iv 2.10aj t lop 7.0'.ajir..Los Angeles ..lv 7.Dp I JUSular tan Lit so .. Iv 1.35u Z 'a 5 5:a 5 B,"ipi ;tv Mohave lv: 11 10a I 5 40a ! 8 OOp ilv ... BaUerneld.. .lvj jar. Kan Francisco.. lv; LIMITED TRAINS. No. 1 Chicago Ltd. No. S California Ltd. Daily. Daily, in ! 9.00a v.San Francisco.. ar. 5.5r,Thurs f-i Urf" v" h0" Angeles, .ar i b.30a Thurs l rl 10.4Uplv....Barstow lv S.loaThurs bat jlu.fa Iv... Ash Fork Ivi 5.jjW'ed sat ;11.4rp iv.. Albuquerque. . hi 4.00a;Wed I -K-i Trinidad. ... h U.llues H2-ii-'aj! j-a Junta b i 3.4-H ; i'ues Sun B.00p ar. . . .7 Denver lv 11.00a fues" I II- iSon i 2-lr.. .Kansas City.. Iv: 2.00a Tues I ar Chicago 1 l.uOp Hon LOCAL TIME TABLE. Mountain Time. Southbound .No. 1 Xortiibound Ko. 2 8 OOp lv Ash Fork :. ar lfl 40a 7 5lp lv Jerome Junction... iv 8 45a 8 20p lv P & K Junction lv' 8 15a S 3Sp ar Prescott lv 8 Wa 8 45plv....r Prescott ar 7 00a 10 24p lv Kirkland lv ( Oda 11 5ip !v Concress Junction.... ..lvj 3 00a 12 20a;lv Wickeuhurg lv 2 15a 12 5a Iv.... Hot Springs Junction.. ..lv' 1 40a 2 17a,lv Glendule lv-12 02a 2 !r Phoenix lv 11 8(Jp No.21i PAEKH iNo.a JJ i;a! T .Mayer ar lO 20a 11 44'a lv... Huron Ivi 9 50a 12 lOpiiv Cherry Croek lv! 9 25a 1 iapjar Prescott lv 8 15a !o. 81 UVAPKailway !No.S 11 Da(Iv Jerome.. -.ar!ll 25a 1 2Upjar Jerome Junction . . , lv I B 00a F or time at other local stations call on Agent. , 'Dining Station. CpxsECTioss: Jerome Junction with U. V' ?y.vfor -Terome; P. & E. Junction with P. & h. K. R. for Huron and Mayer: iiayer with stage to Crown King and other mining points; Frescoltwithstae-e lines for all the principal minine camps: Congress Junction with stage lines for Congress, Harqua Hala, Stanton and Yarnell; Hot springs Junction with the C. C. H. S. 4 1. Co.. tor Castle Creek Hot Springs, the ail-year-round health resort: Phoenix with tne M . & P. 4 S. R. V. R. R. for points on th o. 1 . system. H. P. Asewalt, Gen. Pass. Agt., Prescott. Arizona, Fire! Fire 1 1 Fire!!! .No Escuse for it if you are supplied with ' STEMPEL Fire Extinguisher. A. F. BARKER. Local Agent. Always Froth. Aiwayi ihe Eest. TWO FOR ONE. Send for free sample and judge thereby. THE FLORENCE TRIBUNE AND THE CINCINNATI WEEKLY ENQUIRER. Both one year for only 3.00. The Enquirer is a 9-eolnmn, 8-page paper, issued each Thursday. Largest in size, cheapest in price, most reliable in news, all large type, plain print, good white paper. If our readers want anoth er live paper, th Enquirer is that Daper. Call or send orders to THE TRIBUNE, Florence, Akizona. The Enquirer is the great free silver paper of the east. RED HOT NEWS, News That is News to Arizonans in THE Los Angeles Times. Fdix Wirk Service. Very Feiekdly to Arizona, cleae and vigoro0s. Largest Paper on the Coast. The Tiroes is the only paper with a specia A rizona Sews Bureau, and publishes com plete Territorial Correspondence. The Times reaches Arizona points 2i hours ahead of the San Francisco dailies. and is 18 to 60 hours earlier than all papers from the Eastward. 12 TO 36 PAGES. By mai1. J9 par yoar. By carrier, 75 cents pr ncntsr .r-T-Subtcribe witi Local Afect. . J-'v sold everywhere. V rv. 11 Seed AnnurJ frac A B. m. nm & CO., SSTBSIT, KICK, fw