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PAGE EIGHT THE COPPER ERA FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29th, 1922. AMINES AND RAILS LEAD DEVELOPMENT Cooperation of S. P. With Mines defeases Bosbess and Population Tbe vaat, wealth-laden territory "weBt of the Rocky. Mountain owe Its development primarily to two agen- ciea Mining and Railroading. . .The attention of the world was first -attracted to the West with the an nouncement of the discovery -of gold. A great Influx of people followed and -the tales of the resources and possi bilities in the West spread to all parts of the globe. . . The one great obstacle in the way of development was the lack of trans .portation facilities. The long, peri lous voyage around Cope Horn in ""windjammers' mitigated against any 'considerable interchange of commerce. Fortunately there were captains of industry and finance possessed of broad vision, courage and sufficient faith in the future of the West to con ceive and bring to completion great ' systems of transcontinental railways. Among these the Southern Pacific were the first lines. - Tor many years there were nothing rut main lines of railroads through the mining territory and the ores and Tien minerals were transported to the ' railways by mules, donkeys and horses from mines far back in the mountain. : "The placer mining camps of tbe early -ways were about the only ones located -adjacent to the railroad. In the -last twenty-five, years .the. -greater mining development on the .Southern Pacific has been in' Nevada -and in Arizona and New Mexico. Op--enttions in these districts have re aulted in very heavy movements of mining supplies such as concentrating, --smelting and other treating machinery. t -explosives, timbers and fuel. There also has developed a very !lheavy outbound tonnage of bullion sd other finished or Beml-completed -mineral products from the mines. 8.' P. Co-Operates The policy of the Southern Pacific always has been to co-operate in the .development of these properties. In -doing so it has followed the plan of publishing reasonable freight rates on tine materialsind supplies used in the -nines and in the treatment of the products of the mines, with low rates on the ores or on the manufactured products out of the smelters. In tbe adjustment of rates on the products of the mines it has been the jpolicy to establish schedules based inpon the values of the product. The 'principle has been recognized that a producer of ore worth $100 a ton can -afford to pay a higher charge than can the producer of ore valued at $20. This has been done in "recognition -oI the fact that the great bulk of the -ores transported would be of lesser value and with the view of encourag- : ing the greatest possible production of low grade ores, so that -in the aggre- . -gate would be transported sufficient volume of tonnage to afford a reasou- able return on the investment. . The company also has encouraged to the fullest extent the. treatment - of minerals at the point of produc tion. These policies have resulted in the maintenance of the closest possible ? feeling of co-operation between mine ' owners and the railroad, bringing About constantly increasing popula tion in the mountain and desert re- ' gions, with development la the ttrriv- ing industrial cities, where only a few ryears ago there was nothing but --struggling mining camps. Twenty-five years ago both mining :and railroad development in Arizona were in ther infancy. Then the as . 'aessed value of all railroads operating within the state was less than $3,000, 000, while , the assessed vajue of min ing property of all description was less than $2,000,000. Assessed Valuations The assessed valuations in 1921 3oreef ully show Tiow the railroads and tbe mines constantly have progressed in the pioneering work of develop Mnent. The assessed valuation of the rail ; reads of Arizona for this later year amounted to more than $101,000,000 while that of the mining properties was more than $407,000,000. This enormous increase In the min ing development in Arizona, from a r comparatively insignificant copper pro ducer twenty-flve years ago to the ' . greatest copper producing section of i the United States today, has been doe to a marked degree to the rail - reed development. It is considered highly significant that some of the greatest copper pro - dueing sections of the state actually have been developed only after the - railroads were, built into those terri-"- tories. One example of this was in the con - stxuction of what now is the Arizona , Eastern Railroad, a line 124 rot lee ' long, into Globe, for one large mine A a result, the' extensive low grade - properties in the vicinity of Miami - were developed. The mines at Raj were developed in a similar manner - following construction of a branch line railroad to Wlnkelman. alining experts declare it Is a great - question as to whether the low grade bodies to the vicinity of Miami and Ray ever would have been developed bad it not been for the fact that - - branch railroad lines previously had l.een conrTucted to serve other terri lories. The story of development work in "Sew Mexico, Nevada and in other -sections is a similar one. ES E PHOENIX, Dec. 27. W. S. Norviel. state water commissioner of Arizona, today granted a permit to James B, Girand, Phoenix engineer, for tae construction of a $40,000,000 power dam on the Colorado river at the mouth of Diamond Creek. 26 mile. north of Peach Springs, Ariz., and approximately 100 miles above the si4 of the prar.osed Boulder o-.nyon dam. . The Diamond creek dam is to generate 200,000 horsepower. Application will be made to the fed eral power commission at its next meeting in Washiivrton January 8 for a license for the construction anl operation of the project, Mrr Girand said: tonight. Mir. Girand declared he felt certain the federal commia aion would issue tbe license, as he was granted a permit tor the site two years ago and a contract was enter ed into whereby the commission agreed to issue the license upon com pletion of certain development work on the site. This development work has been completed. - Mr. Girand stated. Construction of the dam will start late- in January, according to pres ent plans, and the project will re quire approximately two years for completion. The permit, Mr". Norviel stated to night, in .no way conflicts with the provisions of the Colorado compact, recently signed at Santa Fe, N. M. Upon receipt of the permit today, Mr. Girand paid a fee of $10,065 to the state water commissioner's office. He also filed with the water com missioner an., assignment of the per mit to the Colorado River Engineer ing Sc. Development .- ccmpany, . an Arizona corporation, termed recently for the purpose of constructing aud operating the project. Grist Gathered at the Court House The demurrer filed on behalf of Alex Arnett, contestee in the elec tion contest for constable in which C. H. Farnsworth of Metcalf is con testant was argued the early part of the week by the attorneys for the parties and submitted. letter Judge sustained the same on the grqund that the court had no jurisdiction. R. A. Hooker, vs. G. E. Head and M. E. Head is the title of aase filed in the Superior Court this week. The plaintiff alleges in his complaint that there is due and ewing him the sum of $2686.73 on account of goods and "merchandise furnished the defendants while doing business at Duncan, Arizona. Claims of four teen business firms were assigned to the plaintiff. RECORDED INSTRUMENTS Chattel Mortgages Mrs. Katie Fritz, et. al, to J. C. Nave. Rudolph Arias to Seo't Garage. - Julian Gabaldon et. ux., to First National Rank. - . Jose S. Escobedo to Scott Garage. E. E. Burgess et. ux. to The Valley Bank. Miguel V. Montoya to The Val'ev Bank. M. M. Skaling to The Valley Eank. Adelaido Cuevas to Tl? Valley Bank. . . Jones Brothers to The First Na tional Bank. '" Location Not fees Luckie No. 3, by E. M. Luckie, et. al. Luckie No. 4, by E. M. Luckie, et. al. Luckie No. 5. by E. M. Luckie et. al. Conditional Sale and Agreements Scott Garage and Nettie Branyon. Johnson Motor Company and Pickens Anderson. Power of Attorney Hartfom Accident and Ind. Co., to Thurel U Hicks. Writs of Attachment First National Bank vs. Mangus Elrage. First National Bank vs .Ed "Elraye. Warranty Deed George Sutherlin to Adam Sliger Bills of Sale George Sutherlin to Adam Soger. Baldomeno Ha eras, to E'i Ricg smith. , , Eli Ringsmitlj to L. J. Reinliart. Patent United States of America to The Hieirg of Thebphilus S. Maley. Satisfaction of Mortgages First National Bank to J. J. F1 Io nian. Arizona Copper Company to G. J. Filleman. . Phelps Dodge Mercantile Company to J." J. Filleman. Border Mortgage Company to C. F. Hill. Gila Valley Bank aud Trust Co. to L. J. Reinhart. Proof of Labor On San Ramon Mining Clairo by Perfecto Calderon. et. al. Notice of Posessory Right On . Land, by James Hoverrock'T. Nothing can kill all the apple or chards on the Frisco River. Drink our fresh, pure, sweet, unadultered cider and regain your lost hope. Ap ples too. See DAVIS, Hill's Flat near Davidson's New meat market. Adv. TO ENFORCE TRAFFIC REGULATIONS Joe Derk. Town Marshal, lias an nounced that beginning with the firt of the new year, traffic ordinances regarding speeding, parking, etc. will be rigidly enforced. The mar shal says there has been too much speeding in the town limits and If motorists persist in violating the or dinance in this respect they will h-ive to pay the penalty. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Llddfll. oi Douglas, returned home on Wedne-i day after spending Christmas with relatives. ARIZONA ENDORS 010 R EKDAm Fastest Pursuit Plane in World Gives America War Mastery of Sky Skeleton View ef New Curtis Pursuit PUae, Showiag Metal Construction. The test performance of new Curtiss Pursuit Plane has eaused a sensation in the Army and Navy ser vices. Ever since the Pulitzer Race at Detroit, in which a new all-Ameri-ean motor finished in the first four places, it has been expected that military planes of a super-type would make their appearance at almost any time. . The actual performance of the first pursuit ship of a series' surpasses expectation. In many respects, this aeroplane is a departure from precedent. ; It uses the same Curtiss motor used in the racing ships at Detroit. It is equipped wttn wine radiators, tne most radical adVanee in the art of coollnf a motor since 1917, and which reduces the resistance of the air almost to aero. These features were expected. The construction, however, is said te pos sess, also, a new feature, in that the entire maohlne can be stored for a period of twenty years, if necessary, PASSENGER FROM GOLDEN STATE . . -. DOUGLAS, . Dec. 17. Douglas rail road officials were notified yesterday morning that a passenger on the Golden State which went through Douglas about 1 o'clock was missing and must be somewhere in the mountains surrounding Douglas. The man was found unconscious in the hills east of DougJaE about 10:00 o'clock and a short time . afterward was brought to the city. The passenger's name is John Moffat, and he boarded the train at Htutchison, Kansas, with a ticket rout ed to Mesa. He acted queerly.- The conductor and porter persuaded him to, retire at Rodeo and fastened the murtains of his berth and believed him to be sleep until the train reach ed Osborne. In the darkness it was impossible to find him and besides searching parties had a wide area to search over before they found him. He was in a partially conscious con dition when found with deep scalp wounds and a wound on. his forehead. He was still in an exhausted state late last night. The man's brother in Mesa -has been notified and" will reach Doug las today. The sick man is in Calu-1 met hospital. No explanation could be made os to how be got off the train, but it is believed he jumped. Why work the rich copper deposite of Morenci, Metcalf and Polaris when you can get fresh pure cider at 1.50 per gallon free from preservatives and other adulterants. Adv. Mrs. Laura Hoyt Recommends Chamberlain's Tablets - "I have frequently used Chamber lain's Tablets, during the past three years, and have found them splendid for headache and bilious attacks. 1 aw only too pleased, at any time, to speak a word in praise of them." writes Mrs. Laura M. Hoyt, Rock port, N. Y. r PEOPLL OF OUR TOWN This prosperous Gent with the Care free Air is a Steady Advertiser. Busi ness Is Good, and Bank Account Is Growing every day and a New Car roosts in the Garage. His only Worry is tlint his Competitor will Wake Up some day arid be a Steady Advertiser tix, in wliirli ease he Wouldn't have It So Soft. JUMPS GOOD ry , l tMQlSB OtOUKS Engine Water Is Cooled by Wing . Radiation Diagram Indicates How Watar I Pamped Thro a ( a Tiny Grooves in Wing Surface. and taken ' out ' of storage, ready"to assemble and fly on twenty-four hours' notice. This machine is also stated to be the first real fighting' ship of ail American construction and design. While tests are not eompleted, expert opinion is that it is not only the fastest, but also the most powerful fighting ship in existence in any na tion today. ROADS in WILL CONVENE AL 1.15 PHOENIX, .Dec. 22. Tentative plans for the annual meeting of the Arizona Good Roads association at Douglas, January 15, were worked out at a meeting of the association directors held here Tuesday., after noon. All sessions of 'the convention will be held at the Hotel Gadsden, it was determined. Invitations will be extended to Governor-elect George W. P. Hunt, George Purdy Bullard, president of the Arizona Automobile club, and representatives of the" U. S. bureau of good roads ana the Automobile Club of Southern California to ap pear as speakers on the program, it was announced yesterday. Monte Mansfield of Tucson, Dr. A. J. Chandler and Harry Welch secretary of the association, were named a committee to draft a pro gram for the convention. The directors discussed the meth od of handling resolutions. It was agreed; that all resolutions should be put In .writing and submitted to the resolutions committee. On the question of appointment of committee for the annual meeting, it was suggested that tbe president appoint the committees in advance of the meeting and as soon as it was known who would attend as delegates. It was agreed that Sam Bailie should act as chairman of the committee on credentials, the president making the appointment so that counties couldi be notified, of this appointment and advise the names of their representatives who would be present. Directors who attended the meet ing were Gustav Becker, W. W. Pace, A. J. Chandler, C. E. Owens. Monte Mansfield, Sam Bailie and C. C. Stuckey. . UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT COMING Announcement is made by L. F. Sweeting, secretary of the Clifton Commercial Club, that Dr. C. H. Marvin, President of the University of Arizona, will be in Clifton or. Wednesday, January 3rd, and will deliver and address at the Audi torium the same evening at eight o'clock. Dr. Marvin succeeded Dr. Von Klein Smid as the head of the University about six months ago comnig from the University of South ern California to Arizona. He is said to be a forceful speaker and will tell of the plans of himself and the Board of Regents for making the Universtty a greater institution for the boys and girls of Arizona. EL PASO BANKER HERE Crawford Harvie, vice-president of the Border National Bank of E! Taso is in the city, the guest of E. H. Green, vice-president of The First National Bank. V YOU HAVE no appetite, Inttipfstion, Wind on Stomach, Sicic Headache, "run down," you will find Tiitt's Pills what you need. 1'hey Uma the weAk a turn: urn, and buiii up the system. DOUGLAS PROSPECTS FOR AGRICULTURE New Year's Statement and Resume of Agricultural Conditions and Prospects from Secretary of Agriculture Wallace Twelve months ago most of the six million farmers of the United States were starting on the long hard climb out of the valley of economic depression. They have not yet at tained the heights which are bathed in the grateful sunshine of prosperi ty. Some, indeed, have fallen by the way. ' Others are still in the valley. Nevertheless, as we stop a bit and look backward we can Bee that very considerable ground has been gained by the great majority, and we can enter the New Tear with renewed hope and with that courage which comes from the realization that we are really making progress. - A year ago, when speaking of the prospects for farming in 1922, I said that while there was no reason to exact boom times for the farmer In ) the near future, there was promise of better times, both for the farmer and for those whose business is largely dependent upon him. The year has brought fulfillment of that promise. Speaking generally, times are better, much bettor, than a vev ago, both for agriculture and for industry. Crops have been good, on the whole. Prices of .the .major crops are mostlr' considerably higher. While there has been a corresponding advance in the prices of the things the farmer must buy, the total sum which f aim era wil receive for the crops of this year is greater by a billion and a half dollars or more than that which they received for the crops of last year. This will certainly mean better times on the farm, and farm folks will be able to ease up a little on the grinding economy they were forced to practice the pre ceding year. The labor cost of producing the crops of 1922 was still further re duced. There were some substantial reductions in freight rates. Much helpful legislation has been enacted and more will be this winter. Inter est rates are"lower and the credit strain has been eased. - This has made it possible for many farmers who were rather heavily involved to refund their obligations and get themselves in condition to win through. There are still some dark spot?. ta some sections weather conditions were unfavorable and crops were short, and farmers in these sections are having a very hard time of it. Freight rates vc still too hign. es pecially for those win must pay fcr a long haul to Target. Taxes are high, but th's is lare'y due to the increase in local tavest. over which farmers themselves must exercise control. There has been gratifying erowth in farmers' cooperative marketing as sociations, and more of them are be ing organized on a sound business basis. - The peril in the aerieultural Je pression 's mow keenly realized by oher groups than ever before, ind on every hand a sincere desire is bt'ng evidenced to do wha. -m b Don't spend all your money for gasoline. Give the Greenlee County fruit growers a chance. Buy pure fresh cider and good apples and get exercise. See Davis, Hill's Flat r-AdV. I BAKING POWDER DR. CHAS. E. RHONE DENTIST HAMPTON BUILDING Dr. Vernon M. Blythe announces the re-opening of his Deatal . office in its old location in the Hampton Building on East Side. Dr. Chas. S. Rhone, formerly of Casa Grande, practicing Dentist la Arizona for 19 yean, will be in charge for the present Short Order Cafe and Confectionery "Ths Only Place In Town" Lunch Counter Hot Coffee Cold Drinks Mexican Dishes The Massey Cafe and Confectionery CHASE CREEK STREET NAME COKES FOR ROAD MEETING . SrRINGERVILLE. Ariz. Dec. IS. Gustav Becker, President of the Arizona Good Roads Association has - today appointed Dr. A. J. Chandler of Chandler to be in charge of the committee on Resolutions at the an- nual meeting of the Arizona Good; Roads Association to be held at Doug las. January 15th. ther appoint menta made by Mr. Becker are: Monte Mansfield of Tucson to be Chairman, Committee on Program, and Sam O. Bailie to have charge at the Committee on Credentials. Mr. Bailie will make every effort to have that committee present a full report by noon on the day of the meeting. Each County will have one mem ber on each of the committees, which are:-Resolutions. Nominations, and Credentials, and all other Com- -mittees which may be appointed. Each Board of Supervisors and City and Town is entitled to appoint five delegates, each Commercial Or- ganization two delegates. All dele gates must be present in person te vote. No proxies will be allowed. A large attendance is assured a ret some vigorous discussion is promised over the many subjects which, will be presented by different speakers. The City of Douglas is malting am ple preparation to receive and en tertain all who attend this great meeting. drne safely to h-'r the far:u.- tt tet hi 9 condition. Everything considered, we have good reason te expect still better things for agriculture in the year 1923. Drink pure CIDER rreaa from the largest orchard on the Frisco River and forget H. Also eat good apples of fine flavor and juice. See U S. DAVIS, Hill's Flat, near David son's Sanitary meat market. Adv. ev3 small dosage brings quick relief to scratchy, a irritated throats. Cough phlegm dears away, innamad tissues are soothed. Now be fore a slight cough becomes a serious ailment break it op with I JJK,JVirUO DISCOVEKV -asyrup for coughs & colds EXPERT CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT COST ACCOUNTING Mine Accounting a Specialty BOOKS OPEXED AND CLOSED DOUBLE. ENTRY Keep Your Books Right and Kno How Much Money You Are Losing I can help you.witb. the apparently complicated Incorpe Tax .Statements. L. S. DAVIS. Box 143l Clilton. Xrli. Honest Packages' A full 16iOunce pound in every can no fancy adver tising stunts, premiums, cou pons or costly frills just a fine quality baking powder sold honestly. It never fsu'lst Write for 64-page Cook Book ifs FREE! Rumford Chemical Works East St. Louis, IU.