THE COPPER ERA
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29th, 1922.
AMINES AND RAILS
Cooperation of S. P. With Mines defeases
Bosbess and Population
Tbe vaat, wealth-laden territory
"weBt of the Rocky. Mountain owe Its
development primarily to two agen-
ciea Mining and Railroading.
. .The attention of the world was first
-attracted to the West with the an
nouncement of the discovery -of gold.
A great Influx of people followed and
-the tales of the resources and possi
bilities in the West spread to all
parts of the globe. . .
The one great obstacle in the way
of development was the lack of trans
.portation facilities. The long, peri
lous voyage around Cope Horn in
""windjammers' mitigated against any
'considerable interchange of commerce.
Fortunately there were captains of
industry and finance possessed of
broad vision, courage and sufficient
faith in the future of the West to con
ceive and bring to completion great
' systems of transcontinental railways.
Among these the Southern Pacific
were the first lines.
- Tor many years there were nothing
rut main lines of railroads through
the mining territory and the ores and
Tien minerals were transported to the
' railways by mules, donkeys and horses
from mines far back in the mountain.
: "The placer mining camps of tbe early
-ways were about the only ones located
-adjacent to the railroad.
In the -last twenty-five, years .the.
-greater mining development on the
.Southern Pacific has been in' Nevada
-and in Arizona and New Mexico. Op--enttions
in these districts have re
aulted in very heavy movements of
mining supplies such as concentrating,
--smelting and other treating machinery.
t -explosives, timbers and fuel.
There also has developed a very
!lheavy outbound tonnage of bullion
sd other finished or Beml-completed
-mineral products from the mines.
8.' P. Co-Operates
The policy of the Southern Pacific
always has been to co-operate in the
.development of these properties. In
-doing so it has followed the plan of
publishing reasonable freight rates on
tine materialsind supplies used in the
-nines and in the treatment of the
products of the mines, with low rates
on the ores or on the manufactured
products out of the smelters.
In tbe adjustment of rates on the
products of the mines it has been the
jpolicy to establish schedules based
inpon the values of the product. The
'principle has been recognized that a
producer of ore worth $100 a ton can
-afford to pay a higher charge than
can the producer of ore valued at $20.
This has been done in "recognition
-oI the fact that the great bulk of the
-ores transported would be of lesser
value and with the view of encourag-
: ing the greatest possible production of
low grade ores, so that -in the aggre-
. -gate would be transported sufficient
volume of tonnage to afford a reasou-
able return on the investment.
. The company also has encouraged
to the fullest extent the. treatment
- of minerals at the point of produc
tion. These policies have resulted in the
maintenance of the closest possible
? feeling of co-operation between mine
' owners and the railroad, bringing
About constantly increasing popula
tion in the mountain and desert re-
' gions, with development la the ttrriv-
ing industrial cities, where only a few
ryears ago there was nothing but
--struggling mining camps.
Twenty-five years ago both mining
:and railroad development in Arizona
were in ther infancy. Then the as
. 'aessed value of all railroads operating
within the state was less than $3,000,
000, while , the assessed vajue of min
ing property of all description was less
The assessed valuations in 1921
3oreef ully show Tiow the railroads and
tbe mines constantly have progressed
in the pioneering work of develop
The assessed valuation of the rail
; reads of Arizona for this later year
amounted to more than $101,000,000
while that of the mining properties
was more than $407,000,000.
This enormous increase In the min
ing development in Arizona, from a
r comparatively insignificant copper pro
ducer twenty-flve years ago to the
' . greatest copper producing section of
i the United States today, has been
doe to a marked degree to the rail
- reed development.
It is considered highly significant
that some of the greatest copper pro
- dueing sections of the state actually
have been developed only after the
- railroads were, built into those terri-"-
One example of this was in the con
- stxuction of what now is the Arizona
, Eastern Railroad, a line 124 rot lee
' long, into Globe, for one large mine
A a result, the' extensive low grade
- properties in the vicinity of Miami
- were developed. The mines at Raj
were developed in a similar manner
- following construction of a branch
line railroad to Wlnkelman.
alining experts declare it Is a great
- question as to whether the low grade
bodies to the vicinity of Miami and
Ray ever would have been developed
bad it not been for the fact that
- - branch railroad lines previously had
l.een conrTucted to serve other terri
The story of development work in
"Sew Mexico, Nevada and in other
-sections is a similar one.
PHOENIX, Dec. 27. W. S. Norviel.
state water commissioner of Arizona,
today granted a permit to James B,
Girand, Phoenix engineer, for tae
construction of a $40,000,000 power
dam on the Colorado river at the
mouth of Diamond Creek. 26 mile.
north of Peach Springs, Ariz., and
approximately 100 miles above the
si4 of the prar.osed Boulder o-.nyon
dam. . The Diamond creek dam is to
generate 200,000 horsepower.
Application will be made to the fed
eral power commission at its next
meeting in Washiivrton January 8
for a license for the construction anl
operation of the project, Mrr Girand
said: tonight. Mir. Girand declared
he felt certain the federal commia
aion would issue tbe license, as he
was granted a permit tor the site two
years ago and a contract was enter
ed into whereby the commission
agreed to issue the license upon com
pletion of certain development work
on the site. This development work
has been completed. - Mr. Girand
Construction of the dam will start
late- in January, according to pres
ent plans, and the project will re
quire approximately two years for
The permit, Mr". Norviel stated to
night, in .no way conflicts with the
provisions of the Colorado compact,
recently signed at Santa Fe, N. M.
Upon receipt of the permit today,
Mr. Girand paid a fee of $10,065 to
the state water commissioner's office.
He also filed with the water com
missioner an., assignment of the per
mit to the Colorado River Engineer
ing Sc. Development .- ccmpany, . an
Arizona corporation, termed recently
for the purpose of constructing aud
operating the project.
Grist Gathered at
the Court House
The demurrer filed on behalf of
Alex Arnett, contestee in the elec
tion contest for constable in which
C. H. Farnsworth of Metcalf is con
testant was argued the early part of
the week by the attorneys for the
parties and submitted. letter Judge
sustained the same on the grqund
that the court had no jurisdiction.
R. A. Hooker, vs. G. E. Head and
M. E. Head is the title of aase filed
in the Superior Court this week. The
plaintiff alleges in his complaint
that there is due and ewing him the
sum of $2686.73 on account of
goods and "merchandise furnished the
defendants while doing business at
Duncan, Arizona. Claims of four
teen business firms were assigned
to the plaintiff.
Mrs. Katie Fritz, et. al, to J. C.
Rudolph Arias to Seo't Garage. -
Julian Gabaldon et. ux., to First
National Rank. - .
Jose S. Escobedo to Scott Garage.
E. E. Burgess et. ux. to The Valley
Miguel V. Montoya to The Val'ev
M. M. Skaling to The Valley Eank.
Adelaido Cuevas to Tl? Valley
. Jones Brothers to The First Na
tional Bank. '"
Location Not fees
Luckie No. 3, by E. M. Luckie, et. al.
Luckie No. 4, by E. M. Luckie, et. al.
Luckie No. 5. by E. M. Luckie et. al.
Conditional Sale and Agreements
Scott Garage and Nettie Branyon.
Johnson Motor Company and Pickens
Power of Attorney
Hartfom Accident and Ind. Co., to
Thurel U Hicks.
Writs of Attachment
First National Bank vs. Mangus
First National Bank vs .Ed "Elraye.
George Sutherlin to Adam Sliger
Bills of Sale
George Sutherlin to Adam Soger.
Baldomeno Ha eras, to E'i Ricg
smith. , ,
Eli Ringsmitlj to L. J. Reinliart.
United States of America to The
Hieirg of Thebphilus S. Maley.
Satisfaction of Mortgages
First National Bank to J. J. F1 Io
nian. Arizona Copper Company to G. J.
Phelps Dodge Mercantile Company
to J." J. Filleman.
Border Mortgage Company to C.
Gila Valley Bank aud Trust Co.
to L. J. Reinhart.
Proof of Labor
On San Ramon Mining Clairo by
Perfecto Calderon. et. al.
Notice of Posessory Right
On . Land, by James Hoverrock'T.
Nothing can kill all the apple or
chards on the Frisco River. Drink
our fresh, pure, sweet, unadultered
cider and regain your lost hope. Ap
ples too. See DAVIS, Hill's Flat
near Davidson's New meat market.
TO ENFORCE TRAFFIC
Joe Derk. Town Marshal, lias an
nounced that beginning with the firt
of the new year, traffic ordinances
regarding speeding, parking, etc.
will be rigidly enforced. The mar
shal says there has been too much
speeding in the town limits and If
motorists persist in violating the or
dinance in this respect they will h-ive
to pay the penalty.
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Llddfll. oi
Douglas, returned home on Wedne-i
day after spending Christmas with
Fastest Pursuit Plane in World
Gives America War Mastery of Sky
Skeleton View ef New Curtis
Pursuit PUae, Showiag Metal
The test performance of new
Curtiss Pursuit Plane has eaused a
sensation in the Army and Navy ser
vices. Ever since the Pulitzer Race
at Detroit, in which a new all-Ameri-ean
motor finished in the first four
places, it has been expected that
military planes of a super-type would
make their appearance at almost any
time. . The actual performance of the
first pursuit ship of a series' surpasses
In many respects, this aeroplane is
a departure from precedent. ; It uses
the same Curtiss motor used in the
racing ships at Detroit. It is equipped
wttn wine radiators, tne most radical
adVanee in the art of coollnf a motor
since 1917, and which reduces the
resistance of the air almost to aero.
These features were expected. The
construction, however, is said te pos
sess, also, a new feature, in that the
entire maohlne can be stored for a
period of twenty years, if necessary,
FROM GOLDEN STATE
. . -.
DOUGLAS, . Dec. 17. Douglas rail
road officials were notified yesterday
morning that a passenger on the
Golden State which went through
Douglas about 1 o'clock was missing
and must be somewhere in the
mountains surrounding Douglas. The
man was found unconscious in the
hills east of DougJaE about 10:00
o'clock and a short time . afterward
was brought to the city.
The passenger's name is John
Moffat, and he boarded the train at
Htutchison, Kansas, with a ticket rout
ed to Mesa. He acted queerly.- The
conductor and porter persuaded him
to, retire at Rodeo and fastened the
murtains of his berth and believed
him to be sleep until the train reach
ed Osborne. In the darkness it was
impossible to find him and besides
searching parties had a wide area to
search over before they found him.
He was in a partially conscious con
dition when found with deep scalp
wounds and a wound on. his forehead.
He was still in an exhausted state
late last night.
The man's brother in Mesa -has
been notified and" will reach Doug
las today. The sick man is in Calu-1
met hospital. No explanation could
be made os to how be got off the
train, but it is believed he jumped.
Why work the rich copper deposite
of Morenci, Metcalf and Polaris when
you can get fresh pure cider at 1.50
per gallon free from preservatives
and other adulterants. Adv.
Mrs. Laura Hoyt Recommends
Chamberlain's Tablets -
"I have frequently used Chamber
lain's Tablets, during the past three
years, and have found them splendid
for headache and bilious attacks. 1
aw only too pleased, at any time, to
speak a word in praise of them."
writes Mrs. Laura M. Hoyt, Rock
port, N. Y. r
PEOPLL OF OUR TOWN
This prosperous Gent with the Care
free Air is a Steady Advertiser. Busi
ness Is Good, and Bank Account Is
Growing every day and a New Car
roosts in the Garage. His only Worry
is tlint his Competitor will Wake Up
some day arid be a Steady Advertiser
tix, in wliirli ease he Wouldn't have
It So Soft.
ry , l
Engine Water Is Cooled by Wing
. Radiation Diagram Indicates
How Watar I Pamped Thro a ( a
Tiny Grooves in Wing Surface.
and taken ' out ' of storage, ready"to
assemble and fly on twenty-four
This machine is also stated to be
the first real fighting' ship of ail
American construction and design.
While tests are not eompleted, expert
opinion is that it is not only the
fastest, but also the most powerful
fighting ship in existence in any na
WILL CONVENE AL
PHOENIX, .Dec. 22. Tentative
plans for the annual meeting of the
Arizona Good Roads association at
Douglas, January 15, were worked
out at a meeting of the association
directors held here Tuesday., after
noon. All sessions of 'the convention
will be held at the Hotel Gadsden, it
Invitations will be extended to
Governor-elect George W. P. Hunt,
George Purdy Bullard, president of
the Arizona Automobile club, and
representatives of the" U. S. bureau
of good roads ana the Automobile
Club of Southern California to ap
pear as speakers on the program, it
was announced yesterday.
Monte Mansfield of Tucson, Dr.
A. J. Chandler and Harry Welch
secretary of the association, were
named a committee to draft a pro
gram for the convention.
The directors discussed the meth
od of handling resolutions. It was
agreed; that all resolutions should
be put In .writing and submitted to
the resolutions committee.
On the question of appointment of
committee for the annual meeting,
it was suggested that tbe president
appoint the committees in advance
of the meeting and as soon as it
was known who would attend as
delegates. It was agreed that Sam
Bailie should act as chairman of
the committee on credentials, the
president making the appointment so
that counties couldi be notified, of
this appointment and advise the
names of their representatives who
would be present.
Directors who attended the meet
ing were Gustav Becker, W. W.
Pace, A. J. Chandler, C. E. Owens.
Monte Mansfield, Sam Bailie and
C. C. Stuckey. .
Announcement is made by L. F.
Sweeting, secretary of the Clifton
Commercial Club, that Dr. C. H.
Marvin, President of the University
of Arizona, will be in Clifton or.
Wednesday, January 3rd, and will
deliver and address at the Audi
torium the same evening at eight
o'clock. Dr. Marvin succeeded Dr.
Von Klein Smid as the head of the
University about six months ago
comnig from the University of South
ern California to Arizona. He is said
to be a forceful speaker and will tell
of the plans of himself and the Board
of Regents for making the Universtty
a greater institution for the boys
and girls of Arizona.
EL PASO BANKER HERE
Crawford Harvie, vice-president of
the Border National Bank of E!
Taso is in the city, the guest of E.
H. Green, vice-president of The First
no appetite, Inttipfstion, Wind
on Stomach, Sicic Headache,
"run down," you will find
what you need. 1'hey Uma the weAk
a turn: urn, and buiii up the system.
New Year's Statement and Resume
of Agricultural Conditions and
Prospects from Secretary of
Twelve months ago most of the
six million farmers of the United
States were starting on the long hard
climb out of the valley of economic
depression. They have not yet at
tained the heights which are bathed
in the grateful sunshine of prosperi
ty. Some, indeed, have fallen by the
way. ' Others are still in the valley.
Nevertheless, as we stop a bit and
look backward we can Bee that very
considerable ground has been gained
by the great majority, and we can
enter the New Tear with renewed
hope and with that courage which
comes from the realization that we
are really making progress. -
A year ago, when speaking of the
prospects for farming in 1922, I said
that while there was no reason to
exact boom times for the farmer In
) the near future, there was promise
of better times, both for the farmer
and for those whose business is
largely dependent upon him. The
year has brought fulfillment of that
promise. Speaking generally, times
are better, much bettor, than a vev
ago, both for agriculture and for
Crops have been good, on the whole.
Prices of .the .major crops are mostlr'
considerably higher. While there has
been a corresponding advance in
the prices of the things the farmer
must buy, the total sum which f aim
era wil receive for the crops of
this year is greater by a billion and
a half dollars or more than that
which they received for the crops
of last year. This will certainly
mean better times on the farm, and
farm folks will be able to ease up
a little on the grinding economy
they were forced to practice the pre
The labor cost of producing the
crops of 1922 was still further re
duced. There were some substantial
reductions in freight rates. Much
helpful legislation has been enacted
and more will be this winter. Inter
est rates are"lower and the credit
strain has been eased. - This has
made it possible for many farmers
who were rather heavily involved to
refund their obligations and get
themselves in condition to win
There are still some dark spot?.
ta some sections weather conditions
were unfavorable and crops were
short, and farmers in these sections
are having a very hard time of it.
Freight rates vc still too hign. es
pecially for those win must pay fcr
a long haul to Target.
Taxes are high, but th's is lare'y
due to the increase in local tavest.
over which farmers themselves must
There has been gratifying erowth
in farmers' cooperative marketing as
sociations, and more of them are be
ing organized on a sound business
The peril in the aerieultural Je
pression 's mow keenly realized by
oher groups than ever before, ind
on every hand a sincere desire is
bt'ng evidenced to do wha. -m b
Don't spend all your money for
gasoline. Give the Greenlee County
fruit growers a chance. Buy pure
fresh cider and good apples and
get exercise. See Davis, Hill's Flat
DR. CHAS. E. RHONE
Dr. Vernon M. Blythe announces the re-opening of his Deatal
. office in its old location in the Hampton Building on East Side. Dr.
Chas. S. Rhone, formerly of Casa Grande, practicing Dentist la
Arizona for 19 yean, will be in charge for the present
Short Order Cafe and Confectionery
"Ths Only Place In Town"
Lunch Counter Hot Coffee Cold Drinks
The Massey Cafe and Confectionery
CHASE CREEK STREET
FOR ROAD MEETING
. SrRINGERVILLE. Ariz. Dec. IS.
Gustav Becker, President of the
Arizona Good Roads Association has -
today appointed Dr. A. J. Chandler
of Chandler to be in charge of the
committee on Resolutions at the an-
nual meeting of the Arizona Good;
Roads Association to be held at Doug
las. January 15th. ther appoint
menta made by Mr. Becker are:
Monte Mansfield of Tucson to be
Chairman, Committee on Program,
and Sam O. Bailie to have charge at
the Committee on Credentials. Mr.
Bailie will make every effort to have
that committee present a full report
by noon on the day of the meeting.
Each County will have one mem
ber on each of the committees,
which are:-Resolutions. Nominations,
and Credentials, and all other Com- -mittees
which may be appointed.
Each Board of Supervisors and
City and Town is entitled to appoint
five delegates, each Commercial Or-
ganization two delegates. All dele
gates must be present in person te
vote. No proxies will be allowed. A
large attendance is assured a ret
some vigorous discussion is promised
over the many subjects which, will
be presented by different speakers.
The City of Douglas is malting am
ple preparation to receive and en
tertain all who attend this great
drne safely to h-'r the far:u.- tt
tet hi 9 condition.
Everything considered, we have
good reason te expect still better
things for agriculture in the year
Drink pure CIDER rreaa from
the largest orchard on the Frisco
River and forget H. Also eat good
apples of fine flavor and juice. See
U S. DAVIS, Hill's Flat, near David
son's Sanitary meat market. Adv.
ev3 small dosage
brings quick relief to scratchy, a
irritated throats. Cough
phlegm dears away, innamad
tissues are soothed. Now be
fore a slight cough becomes a
serious ailment break it op with
-asyrup for coughs & colds
Mine Accounting a Specialty
BOOKS OPEXED AND CLOSED
Keep Your Books Right and Kno
How Much Money You Are Losing
I can help you.witb. the apparently
complicated Incorpe Tax
L. S. DAVIS.
Box 143l Clilton. Xrli.
A full 16iOunce pound in
every can no fancy adver
tising stunts, premiums, cou
pons or costly frills just a
fine quality baking powder
sold honestly. It never fsu'lst
Write for 64-page Cook Book
Rumford Chemical Works
East St. Louis, IU.
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