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The Jewish South. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1893-1899, October 20, 1893, Image 6

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A STORY OF LONG AGO. I
It was in 1755 when a young student, the
son of poor parents, straggling against adverse
circumstances, who in later years was to attain
fame as a theologian and writer, happy and
frolicsome, with his knapsack on his back,
turned bis back upon Erlanger, in Bavaria, to
journey home. Although in possession of just
sufficient money to provide the bare necessaries
of life, he was in the best of humor, and trudged
gaily along the gieat high road. As he reached
the gates of the little boundary town—Seegrin
gen—and was about to enter, a rough voice ex-
Emed, to his suprise, "Halt, Jew ! Pay your
stounded at the words, Peter Hebel, for it
the great theologian in his salad days who
was thus accosted, he became still more amazed
when the questioner added to his first remark,
"What! You will cheat us out of the tax?
Wait, and I will settle the matter." And
with clenched fists the questioner sprang upon
the student. All his blithe thoughts dis
persed, and he bewildered ly exclaimed, "I am
no Jew." But in vain was the protest, till at
length to quiet the tax-collector he agreed to
go with him, and he laughingly said, "I under
stand Hebrew and speak it fairly well because
I have studied the language, yet lam no Jew f
and to the tax-gatherer's surprise, "I will go
witii you, but I wont pay any Jew tax. Take
me to the magistrate."
Followed by a large crowd who flung abusive
epithets at tbe supposed Jew, the two passed
through the narrow streets to the justice-house.
Here the situation assumed a grave form for
the village judge sentenced him to be flogged
for non-payment of the tax. The carrying out
of this punishment he averted by showing his
university certificates and his travelling-pass,
and finally he was discharged without any
apology from the tax-gatherer. Hebel soon
left the town which had accorded him so in
hospitable a welcome, and on gaining a neigh
baring height, looking down upon it, and mus
ingly said: "Seegringen—l will remember
thee!"
Peter Hebel kept his word. In after years
he made Seegringen the scene of all his hum
orous sketches. Whatever was stupid, occured
in Seegringen; no incident was ridiculous but
it was located there.
His student experience he ever remembered,
and it is therefore no wonder that he showed
special interest in the Jews and all that con
cerned them. He did his share to have the
odious "Jew tax" removed, and lived long
enough to witness its abrogation. His kind sym
pathy for his oppressed German brethren of the
Jewish faith added zest to his learning, wit
and piety. — Jewish World.
A NICE POINT IN DUELIST CIRCLES, j
[ From the London Daily News. ]
Personal attacks between journalists, says
our Paris correspondent, are still a most im
portant feature of French journalism. This is
the reason why duels are so frequent among
French journalists. A novel case has just oc
cured, in which a journalist, aggrieved by an
article which was, according to French notions,
emphatically a case for a duel, has been com
pelled to seek some other redress, the offending
party (offending in the technical sense) being a
The ex-Bonlangist journa__t, M. Mermeix,
having been sent by the government on a
mission abroad, Mme. Severine, the lady jour
nalist, objected, pointing out that M. Mermeix
was a renegade to his party, having sold Boul
anger for 30,000f., the price which the Govern
ment and the Duchesse d'Uzee gave for his
book, the "Coulisses dv Bonlangisme." Mme.
Severine compared him to Judas.
M. Mermeix was bound to take notice of
.this. To challenge a lady was, of course, im
possible, and to attack her was difficult. It
was open to him to fight the editor of the pa
per, but that course was unsatisfactory. An
action at law would be unprofessional. M.j
J Mermeix has taken the course of appointing,
| together with the editor of The Eclair, a jury
of honor. This jury will give a verdict Why
not use this means to decide all disputes be
tween journalists?
THE BOOK OF JOB.
Probably no portion of the Old Testament
has come down to us in so corrupt a condition
as the Book of Job. Paris of it are j umbled to
gether for all the world as if they had been
writter on small scraps of paper, which, the
wind having blown them asunder, were joined
Wgether at hap-hazard.
ing in the light of the important dis-1
coverieß of Prof. Bickell, who has devoted the
best years of his life to its study, we may lay
it down that the disfiguring changes which the
work has undergone have a two-fold source— I
deliberate attempts to blunt the sharp edge of
the author's criticism, and render the poem I
palatable to Jewish orthodoxy, by means of
considerable excisions and still more consider
able interpolations—and the removal of later
glosses from the margin of the manuscripts to
the text, in consequence of the carelessness of
copyists.
The dates of these alterations vary consider
ably ; some of the most important of them had
been effected in the Hebrew original before tbe
poem was first done into Greek by the LXX. •
others were introduced later on. The latter
category would naturally be lacking in the
Septuagint version, which, had it come down
to us in the condition in which it left the trans
lators' hands, would have materially furthered
the work of restoration. Unfortunately, Ori
gen, acting upon the gratuitoos assumption
that the missing passages had formed part and
parcel of the original text, and were omitted
by the translators becauso they failed to under
stand the_>meaning, took them from Theodo
tion and inserted them into tbe LXX. version
merely distinguishing them by means of aste
risks.
These distinctive marks dissapeared, par
tially, or wholly, in the course of time, and at
the present moment we possess but five manu
scripts in which they are to some extent pre
served. — The Contemporary Review.
The poet had had a hard row to hoe and his
wife had been hoeing it with him, and not al
ways uncomplainingly, for she had held his
writings in poor esteem and often urged him
to turn his talents in some other direction.
His luck changed, though, after a long time,
and he began to have money in plenty. One
day as his wite sat looking at him, he wrote
here a check for $100 and handed it to her.
" ! _
The dear woman's eyes filled with tears as
" George, love, " she said, as she came over
and put her arm about his neck, "that is really
the best thing you ever wrote," and George
thought it wasn't half bad himself.
JEWISH ROYAL BLOOD.
Reigning Houses of Europe that Have a Semitic
Strain.
[From the New York Tribune.]
A remarkable feature in connection with tbe
ancestry of all the reigning houses of Europe
is the fact that nearly every one of them has
strains of Semitic blood in the veins of its mem
bers. Alberta, Queen of Sicily, from whom al"
most every one of the now reigning families
are descended, having been a daughter of the
old Hebrew banker, Porleoni, who was the
first of his race to be admitted to the ranks of
the European aristocracy, Pope Leo IX en
nobling him in the year 1116. Later on one
of his sons, who became converted to the
Roman Catholic Church, ascended the papal
throne under the title of Anacletus 11. This
however, by no means constitntes the only
sources of Jewish blood in the royal and im
perial veins of to-day. There are others of a
far less remote character. Thus, King Ferdi
nand, of Portugal, the grandfather ofthe present
king, had himself as grandfather a Hungarian
Hebrew named Kohary, whose daughter and
heiress married Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Co
burg. King Carlos of Portugal is, therefore,
of undoubtedly Jewish descent, and so, too, is
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, whose features
are remarkably Hebraic, and who is a grand
son of old Kohary's heiress. A second of the
letter's grandsons, Duke Philip of Saxe-Coburg,
is wedded to the eldest daughter of King Leo
pold of Belgium, while a third, Augusta by
name, married a daughter of the late Emperor
Dom Pedro, of Brazil. It is one of the grand
daughters of the Kohary heiress who is wedded
to the Archduke Joseph of Austria, while an
other has become the wife of Duke Maximilian
of Bavaria, the brother of the Empress of Aus
tria and of the ex-Queen of Naples. Queen
Victoria's favorite son-in-law, Prince Henry, of
Battenburg, is a grandson of a converted Jew
named Hauke, established in Poland, and
whose son won his way into the favor of the
Grand Duke Constautine of Russia.
And apropos of this Jewish descent, let me
add in conclusion, the astounding fact that the
country which is distinguished above all others
for its animosities towards the Jewish race
namely, Russia, is precisely the very one where
the strain of Hebrew blood is the strongest in
the blue blood of its aristocracy. There is not
a single family of the higher grades of the
nobility in the Czar's empire which has not at
one time or another during the last two cen
turies afliliated or intermarried with the four
great princely houses of Bragagion, Davidoff,
Imerietinski and Muskranski. Now, each of
these claims to be descended in an unbroken
and direct line from the Biblical King David,
and, like the above, everything else of their
Jewish ancestry. Under the circumstances,
their undisguised antipathy to the unfortunate
Hebrew subjects of the Czar appears, to say the
least, to be illogical.

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