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They Excel in a Great Many High Arts.
Is there a Jewish national spirit? Is there I anything peculiar, psychologically and physio logically, in the Semitic race, which gives it a decided advantage over the Aryan? For fif tean years these problems have excited my curiosity' As a subject of comparative nation al psychology it has ita interest Here are some of that data I have collected. The Jews of old were remarkable as the Greeks and Romans. The Bible is an evidence of this. Genesis is a piece of poetry as weigh ty as Homer. Isaiah is as original as Pindar. The Hebrew spirit is as intense as the Greek, though lass apt to enlarge in breadth. How ever. I will not talk about the "Lion ofthe tribe of Judah," bnt of the Jew of the Talmud and as found in the Ghetto. It has been cnexged against the Jews that they are Orientals. But, how is it that they have so thoroughly acquired the spirit of the Occident, that everywhere they .dispute every inch of ground with the Aryans? This is certainly a phenomenon. Let us remember that they have conquered their place as Jews, and not as those unfaitful to the paternal tra ditions. An English Jew, Joseph Jacobs, bas com pared Jewish genius to that of non-Jewish Englishmen, and collected facts to prove tnat in the last century the 6,000,000 or 7,000,000 of Jews in Europe have produced proportion, ately more eminent men then the 300,000,000 Christian-. He has not counted the Jews of Turkey and Russia, because they are not free. The case would be still more in favor of Jewish supremacy if he would count all half-Jews, viz., the outcome of marriages between poor noblemen and rich bankers' daughters ; mar- I riages which are quite common. According to Joseph Jacobs, the Jews have excelled in music, dramatic art, poetry, medi cine, mathematics and philology. The Jewish ■_■___■ are well known so we pass by them. Among philologists and archaeologists we men tion the names of Munk, Oppert, Brael, Weil, D. _embonrg, Halevy, Loeb, Reinach. These names are those of the most prominent servants of onr day. For a long time it has been said that painting and music were foreign to the Jews. Bnt nowadays Jewish artists appear everywhere. The Frenchmen, Levy and Worms, have made names for themselves; and also the German, Lieberman, and the American, Mosler. The Dutch painter, Joseph Israel, has gained European fame, and so has Russia's best sculptor, Anatolsky. What a magnificent orthology of Jewish poetry could be collected from Jehnda, Halevy, Heine, Minsky, md Natson ! How strange that this commercial people possess so marked a lyric vein ! And what have not the Jewish women done on the stage! Was it not a girl from the despised people who gave the most noble representations of the tragic master-works! The Jew is mas ter of passionate representation. Even though bis enemy says that he is a born comedian, used to wearing any mask that circumstances de mand, j That the Jew is a natural accountant nobody will dispute. The sciences of mathematics and astromony show many prominent Jewish -I names, from Herschel to Meyerbeer's brother. Several of the best chess-players of the world were Jewish. M. C. Lombroso, himself a Jew, has in Genioefollia given a list of those Jews who have gained a name in medicine and phy siology. Others have become prominent in jurisprudence, and no wonder, for a rabbi is a lawyer, and the Talmud is Corpus juris. Though excluded from politics for centuries, the last century has produced Benjamin Dis raeli, Ferdinand Lasselle and Leon Gambetta, the first and English Tory, the second a Ger man Sedalist, and the last a French Republi can. The three most civilized nations of Europe have bowed down .before a Semite! These three have shown the Jew in new as pects ; the royal word, the master of parlia ments, and tbe idol ofthe masses. Wagner may sneeringly say that Mendelssohn, Meyer beer and Hale-y could produce a German symphony or a French opera but never a new form of art. The Jews have shown originality in all the sciences and arts we have enumerated. And can we not add Spinoza to the original men ? Is George Brandes as a critic not origi nal and unique?— Literary Digest. THE REAL SHYLOCK. Flings at the Jews are flying about promis cuously on every hand, aud it seems to me that this practice is neither just nor manly. Turn the pages of history backward to the dawn of Christianity and notice how the Jew has been persecuted by those who professed to be actu ated by Christian charity. Notice how he has been driven from country and home, how he has been driven ahead of the advance-guard of Christianity, and then pause for a moment to ask if the Christian is not in some small measure to blame for the money-lending charac teristics of the Jew of this day and generation Driven from all other branches of trade, with a price on his head and his home at the mercy of others, how could the Jew protect himself? It is well enough to single out Rothschild and point to him as a fit representative of a usury taking class, but when he is pointed to as " Rothschild the Jew " the bounds of propriety are overstepped and common justice is violated. What right has a Christian to drive a man from every walk in life but that of money-len der, and then insult his race and religion be cause of that fact, in sneeringly calling him a Jew. It is proper enoug to call a money-len der a shy lock, for that is a term that is appli cable to men of all races and religions if they practise usury; but to single the Jew out as the only one who should wear that appellation is an outrage. I know Christions, and the reader knows them, who on every Sunday j morning will walk slowly down the middle aisle in the Christian church, and, with san ctimonious mien, bend tbe knee before tbe altar of God with no more of Christianity in their hearts than may be found in the stone steps leading up to the church door. If a liv ing representative of Shy lock is to be singled out, one whose talon-like fingers itch for usury and stretch out toward your pocket for the principal as well, let us be honest enough to admit that we can throw a stona into any of our temples of Christianity and hit such a sin ner. Do not lay it all to the Jew. I admit that he knows how to deal in money, but who gave him points in the game of usury ? Lo over the United States to-day, contrast the at of pretended Christians with the principles Christ, and then dare to lay the reaponsibili of all the wrong that usury has wrought to t door of the Jew. Look at our American Co gross, and tell us if those who obey the voi of greed in that body are all Jews. Look Scully, of Illinois, and tell us if he is a Jei Are the Yanderbilts Jews ? Are all who ha cornered lands, railroads, and homes Jew Let the reader whose home is mortgrged ii quire who it is who holds the mortgage, and he happens to be a Christian, as in nine cast out of ten he will be, ask him to be lenien with you, and you will learn that he wants h "pound of flesh " and will be anxious to gool Shylock one better by sucking the blood alou with it.— Grand Master Workman Powderly i the K. of L. Journal. Antiquity of the Scriptures. Few of us ever stop to think how old th Bible is. Yet "the Scriptures are believed b; candid critics to contain the most ancient iorm of truth now known to men. n With the ai< of chronological tables, any one may easil; make profitable comparisons between the anti quity of the Book and that of other writing and events. The Scriptures contain the onlj authentic history of the world before the flood We find in the Pentateuch one or two stanza of poetry composed in the antediluvian period The Hebrew statutes were enacted a thousanc years before Justinian reformed the Romai jurisprudence. In the Bible we have the re cord of chartered rights secured to the people more than two thousand years before Magna Charts. What a sensation would be produced if the first chapter of Genesis should appear for the first time in one of our newspapers to-morrow ! Yet there can be no doubt tbat that chapter contains the oldest writing, twenty-five hun dred years before tbe invention of printing. Xenophon's record of the conversation of Soc rates, in his Memoriabilia, seems and old book to us, yet similiar topics were discussed in Ecclesiastes six hundred years before. The works of Tacitus, Plu'arch and Quintilian are are not modern, yet the books of the New Testament are older than they. As to the book of Job, its age is beyond con jecture. Those who make it as modern as they can, are compelled to place its origin at least one thousand years before Homer. When Priam was king of Troy, Job was of remote antiquity. The name of Alexander has no I modern sound for us, yet when Alexander | invaded Syria, the Book of Job might have been read before him as tho work of an author more time honored then than the name of Alexander is now. The writings of Confucius are modern com pared with most of the Bible ; and the most that the Hindoos can justly claim for their sacred books, the Yedas, is that they were written five hundred years after the death of Moses. Tbe Koran is a book fresh from tbe press compared with the Scriptures.— Dr. I pson. QfiPCQ FIRE- and BURGLAR-PROOF. OWLO, B. F. SMITH, 28 N. 9th St., RICHMOND.VA.