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The Jewish South. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1893-1899, September 17, 1897, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94051168/1897-09-17/ed-1/seq-5/

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faint voices said it was not right, but the only vigor*
otis and effective protest was from a high-minded
Catholic who had resided twelve years in England
and had there learned something of liberty of action
and what the saeredness of burial places meant, lie
was so eloquent in hit denunciations of this out
rageous sacrilege that the high officials of that
Church Stopped their work of desecrating graves.
This man had a true Lutheran soul, and the few
Protestants who were cognizant of the facts won
dered at his boldness.
Our American cemetery on Mount Zion, holding
the dust of some of the earliest missionaries of the
American Hoard to that country, among them the
mother of Key. Dr. William M. Thomsom, M. 1).,0f New
York, was purchased and occupied upwards of sixty
years ago. The soil to the depth of six feet is com
posed of rubbish which in former time was carted
there and dumped, perhaps after some battle, for this
deposit is full of human bones.
At first the English buried their dead (this was
when there were very few foreigners in the city) with
the Americans, but for many years they have had a
burial-ground of their own, a beautiful place under
the south brow of Mount Zion. The American ceme
tery is, as I have said, on the top of Mount Zion,
and there also are the cemeteries of the Greeks,
Latins, Copts, Armenians, Abyssinians, and Syrians.
On the east slope of Mount Zion there are a few
graves of Karite Jews, but with this exception the
Jews bury on the western slope of the Mount of
Olives. This gniveyard covers eighty or perhaps one
hundred acres, and the area is increasing year by
year, for the death rate among this section of the in
habitants is unusually high. All these myriads of
graves face the Temple and the Holy City. The Mo.
hammedans have a cemetery under the east wall of
the city, another small one on the top and north
slopes of Calvary Hill, and a third called "The Turk
ish Cemetery," west of the city around the Upper
Pool of Gihon. The Germans bury with the English,
except those belonging to the German colony about
one mile from the city, who have a (rottesueker of
their own.
The Pauper Tomb on Calvary Hill is wholly un
like anything that exists with Us. One notices a cu
lious, oblong, rounded place, formed of earth ami
stones rising three or four feet above the ground. At
the end it appears simply like a pile of stones, and a
person might pass it without observing that it was
different from hundreds of other heaps of stones with
which the country abounds. Hut this arch-shaped
mound is really the roof of a pit which i 9 the bnrv
ing-place of paupers.
But what a vast graveyard is Jerusalem itself!
Sometimes on Sunday afternoon 1 have gone to the
city wall above Zion Oate, whence a wide view over
Jerusalem and the surrounding country is obtained,
and tried to picture to myself thescenesof otherdays,
when great multitudes wee gathered round these
walls, bent upon destruction. Many times this has
been true during the thirty centuries since the Jcbu
sitcs held the place. How many soldiers have been
slain in the shock of battle! How many people have
died in the twenty-six sieves Jerusalem has under
gone! That under Titus, in the year 70 of our era,
cost upwards of one million lives. Where were all
these myriads upon myriads buried? Or was the
work too great for the living to accomplish, so that
the bodies lay and perished where they fell ? Out of
the earth itself army after army seems to rise and
pass before me, till all these sacred hills are covered
with living men. What a place of the dead. Is there
any other cemetery on earth like it? Yet not a trace
of these countless hosts remain.— Selnh Merrill, in
Christ inn Ifern Id,
The greatest living Russian sculptor is a Jew.
His name is Marcus Antokolski, and recently he cele
brated kunstlcrjubilnum, which means in this ease
that he has pursued an artistic career for twenty-five
years. The event was celebrated in St. Petersburg
by the Academy, and the Ivinpcror conferred upon
him a high distinction. The artist resides in Paris,
where some of his works have been reproduced in
bronze.
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