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Newspaper Page Text
THE JEWISH SOUTH.
A JOURNAL DKVOTICD TO THK INTKKKSTS Of JUDAISM. PUBLISHED WEEKLY. HERBERT T. EZEKIEL, Editor and Vabisher. 826 Kast Main Stkkkt. Subscription, SI per annum, in advance. Single Copy, Uive Cents Advertising Kate. SO cents per inch. Resolutions and other Reading Notices, I<> cents per Hue. Knterct at the Post •« MVur, Kiel.mon.l. Va.. as second class matter. It is a fact of some significance that not a single American was killed or wounded in the shooting by the sheriff and his deputies near Hazleton, Pa., on Friday last, upon which occasion about twenty men were killed and sonic fifty more injured. There is no necessity for going into the whys and wherefores of the event. Sufficient it is to say that whether a peaceable or unlawful body the striking miners were on an illegal errand, that of persuading a number of other men, by force, if necessary, to quit work. Their inarching in a body was of itself an infraction of the law. When met by the sheriff and his posse, the former read the proclamation of the Gcvernor of Pennsyl vania. To this the strikers were deaf, and proceeded to attempt to force their wav through the officers' line. At this point the commind to lire was prop erly given, by whom there seems to be some uncer tainty. As to the result there is no doubt, and it is safe to say that the next time a sheriff orders a mob to desist he will be obeyed. This being so, last Fri day's unhappy difficulty will not have been in v-iin. This country has always gladly welcomed the stranger to its shores, but he must understand that once here he must respect the powers that be. There is no room here for outlaws and outlawry, and every man must know that the arm of the law is all-powerful and can command obedience by force if need he. ACCORDING to the Atlanta Constitution (Geor gia's leading journal) of a recent date, the practice of hiring out persons convicted of crime has resulted in a deplorable condition of affairs in that State. An instance is recorded where, after conviction, it was found that the prisoner was not guilty. The judge and jury signed a petition for the man's pardon, but the county solicitor refused to do so because he had privately received $100 for the convict's services for the term of his sentence. This is said to be only one of the numerous evils the law is working. Georgia is one of the few states of the Union in which the observance of Sunday is mandatory, no matter what the religious belief of a person may be. When this latter fact is remembered the former loses much of its hidcousness by comparison, for it is in keeping with the eternal fitness of things that that Commonwealth (God save it!) which seeks to chain the conscience should also endeavor to enslave the body. Cbc Canal or 3oscnb. How many of the engineering works of the nine teenth century will there be in existence in the year 6000? Very few, we fear, and still less those that will continue in that far-off age to serve a useful pur pose. Yet there is, at least, one great undertaking conceived and executed by an engineer which during the space of four thousand years has never ceased its office, on which the life of a fertile province absolutely depends to-d ty, We refer to the Hahr Joussuf— the canal of Joseph—built, according to tradition, by the son of Jacob, and which constitutes not the least of the many blessings he conferred on Egypt during the years of his prosperous rule. This canal took its rise from the Nile at Asiut, and ran almost parallel with it for nearly two hundred and fifty miles, creeping along under the western cliffs of the Nile valley, with many a bend and winding, until at length it gained an eminence, as compared with the river bed, which enabled it to turn westward through a narrow pass and enter a district which was otherwise shut oil from the fertilizing floods on which all vegetation in Egypt depends. The northern end stood seventeen feet above low Nile, while at the southern end it was at an equal elevation with the river. Through this cut ran a perennial stream, which watered a prov ince named the Favoum, endowing it with fertility and supporting a large population. In the time of the annual flood a great part of the canal was under water, and then the river's current would rush in a more direct course into the pass, carrying with it the rich silt which takes the place of manure and keeps the soil in a constant state of productiveness. All this, with the exception of the tradition that Joseph built it, can be verified to-day, and it is not mere supposition or rumor. Until eight years ago it was firmly believe! that the design has always been lim ited to an irrigation scheme, larger, no doubt, than that now in operation, as shown by the traces ol abandoned canals, and by the slow aggregation of waste water which had accumulated in the Birkct el Querum, but still essentially the same in character. Many accounts have been written by Greek and