THE JEWISH SOUTH.
A JOURNAL DKVOTICD TO THK INTKKKSTS Of
HERBERT T. EZEKIEL, Editor and Vabisher.
826 Kast Main Stkkkt.
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Knterct at the Post •« MVur, Kiel.mon.l. Va.. as second class matter.
It is a fact of some significance that not a single
American was killed or wounded in the shooting by
the sheriff and his deputies near Hazleton, Pa., on
Friday last, upon which occasion about twenty men
were killed and sonic fifty more injured.
There is no necessity for going into the whys and
wherefores of the event. Sufficient it is to say that
whether a peaceable or unlawful body the striking
miners were on an illegal errand, that of persuading
a number of other men, by force, if necessary, to
quit work. Their inarching in a body was of itself
an infraction of the law.
When met by the sheriff and his posse, the former
read the proclamation of the Gcvernor of Pennsyl
vania. To this the strikers were deaf, and proceeded
to attempt to force their wav through the officers'
line. At this point the commind to lire was prop
erly given, by whom there seems to be some uncer
tainty. As to the result there is no doubt, and it is
safe to say that the next time a sheriff orders a mob
to desist he will be obeyed. This being so, last Fri
day's unhappy difficulty will not have been in v-iin.
This country has always gladly welcomed the
stranger to its shores, but he must understand that
once here he must respect the powers that be. There
is no room here for outlaws and outlawry, and
every man must know that the arm of the law
is all-powerful and can command obedience by force
if need he.
ACCORDING to the Atlanta Constitution (Geor
gia's leading journal) of a recent date, the practice
of hiring out persons convicted of crime has resulted
in a deplorable condition of affairs in that State. An
instance is recorded where, after conviction, it was
found that the prisoner was not guilty. The judge
and jury signed a petition for the man's pardon, but
the county solicitor refused to do so because he had
privately received $100 for the convict's services for
the term of his sentence. This is said to be only one
of the numerous evils the law is working.
Georgia is one of the few states of the Union in
which the observance of Sunday is mandatory, no
matter what the religious belief of a person may be.
When this latter fact is remembered the former loses
much of its hidcousness by comparison, for it is in
keeping with the eternal fitness of things that that
Commonwealth (God save it!) which seeks to chain
the conscience should also endeavor to enslave the
Cbc Canal or 3oscnb.
How many of the engineering works of the nine
teenth century will there be in existence in the year
6000? Very few, we fear, and still less those that
will continue in that far-off age to serve a useful pur
pose. Yet there is, at least, one great undertaking
conceived and executed by an engineer which during
the space of four thousand years has never ceased its
office, on which the life of a fertile province absolutely
depends to-d ty, We refer to the Hahr Joussuf— the
canal of Joseph—built, according to tradition, by the
son of Jacob, and which constitutes not the least of
the many blessings he conferred on Egypt during the
years of his prosperous rule. This canal took its rise
from the Nile at Asiut, and ran almost parallel with
it for nearly two hundred and fifty miles, creeping
along under the western cliffs of the Nile valley, with
many a bend and winding, until at length it gained
an eminence, as compared with the river bed, which
enabled it to turn westward through a narrow pass
and enter a district which was otherwise shut oil
from the fertilizing floods on which all vegetation in
Egypt depends. The northern end stood seventeen
feet above low Nile, while at the southern end it was
at an equal elevation with the river. Through this
cut ran a perennial stream, which watered a prov
ince named the Favoum, endowing it with fertility
and supporting a large population. In the time of
the annual flood a great part of the canal was under
water, and then the river's current would rush in a
more direct course into the pass, carrying with it the
rich silt which takes the place of manure and keeps
the soil in a constant state of productiveness. All
this, with the exception of the tradition that Joseph
built it, can be verified to-day, and it is not mere
supposition or rumor. Until eight years ago it was
firmly believe! that the design has always been lim
ited to an irrigation scheme, larger, no doubt, than
that now in operation, as shown by the traces ol
abandoned canals, and by the slow aggregation of
waste water which had accumulated in the Birkct el
Querum, but still essentially the same in character.
Many accounts have been written by Greek and
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