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A JOURNAL, DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF JUDAISM. PUBLISHED WEEKLY. HERBERT T. EZEKIEL, Editor and Publtiher, 826 East Main Street. Subscription, $1 per annum, in advance. Sing-le Copy, Five Cents. Advertising Rate, 50 cents per inch. Resolutions and other Reading Notices, 10 cents per line. Knteretl at the I'ost-Office, Richmond, Va., as secoml class matter. Prom present indications the efforts of M. Zola bid fair to be of little help to Captain Dreyfus's case. The novelist is now on trial in Paris for making charges affecting the honor of the army, and those by whom he expected to prove his statement, that Jester hazy committed the crime for which Dreyfus was con victed, refuse to testify, it is more than probable that he wifl be convicted by a partisan tribunal of pub lishing accusations that he cannot substantiate. Though having no exalted opinion of justice as dispensed by the courts of this country, still we are glad to know that such a farcical and partial pro ceeding would not be permitted here. In a matter where the punishment of a possibly innocent man was involved, this government would never openly allow itself and its secrets to be a cloak for hiding the truth. Affairs of state are well enough in their way, but when the freedom of a human being is at stake no man should be shielded by them in evading the telling of all he knew. A decision rendered some days ago by the Equity Court of Washington, I). C, bids fair to be of far reaching importance. The judge sustained an in junction forbidding, as unconstitutional, the pay ment of any money, by the district or by Congress, to a sectarian institution. The old saying that "Revolutions never go backwards" may be a truism, but the man who originated it must have lived before Tennessee be came a state. Sevetal weeks ago we (congratu lated the Jewish Spectator, of Memphis, upon the fact that the revolutionary spirit abroad had reached it, and had resulted in the amputation of its ante diluvian editorial head: " The only weekly journal of its kind published in the South." To the everlasting shame of that paper be it said that it has suffered a moral relapse, and the war worn inscription has returned to duty again as a reminder of a departed glory. The Board of Trustees of Richmond College, an institution maintained by the Baptists of Virginia, is to be congratulated on its liberal policy in deciding to admit women to its higher classes. B departure in national pcltc\\ The Lodge Immigration bill, as it passed the United States Senate, is shorn of some of the most outrageous features by which it was originally dis tinguished. It no longer prescribes the character of the languages that must be read and written to qualify immigrants for admission ; it no longer sepa rates wives from husbands, as was at first threat ened. As it stands, however, it is only less objection able, but by no means a proper measure. Illiteracy is not a crime, nor can it be said that the illiterate man or woman is worthless as an inhabitant. This bill would debar thousands of healthy, hard work ing, useful people, whi>se descendants might have become the strength and pride of our nation. Of the Jews it will exclude a small but not inap preciable percentage. The Jew whocannotread some language is rare. With writing the fact is somewhat different. Still the number is small, as the environ ment and degredation must have been great for the Jew to have lost entirely his literary instinct and heritage. With the Jewess, unfortunately, with the fewer opportuni ties of education opened to her abroad, the number of illittrates is somewhat greater. It must be remembered, however, that the bill does not apply to wives,,minor children, and parents over fifty, under which categories a considerable number of illite rates are included. If, as seems likely, the bill parses the House and is approved by the President, it will maks a decided de parture in our national policy, .and one that does not seem in consonance with those broad and humane principles upon which our polity was established and for which our country is distinguished and beloved. — Jewish Exponent. The nomination by President McKitilev of Mr. Julius Jacobs, of this city, to be the Sub-Treasurer of the United States, giv general satisfaction to the commtrcial community of San Erancisco and the Coast in general. Mr. Jacobs is a resident of long standing in this city,, and his reputation in business circles is the very best. We extend our sincere con gratulations to Mr. Jacobs, assured that his term of office will hi a creditable one to the Chief Magistrate who has honored him, and to the Jewish community, especially, whom he has served with distinction, fi delity, and zeal.— Jewish Times and Observer.