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such a kind woman and Christian queen proposed to
destroy all this by a stroke of her pen. The eminent Jew, Abarbanel, who was treasurer, pleaded earn estly, and used all the weight of his influence and his character and his services against this suggested cruelty. He even condescended to bribe the king. But the mercenary monarch hesitated. At this in stant the queen urged the relentless enforcement of the decree. It was published that either all the Jews men, women and children—should leave Spain or they should take up the Christian religion. Statistics show that from 200,000 to 800,000 persons were banished by this fatal edict; that 2,000 people were burned in the province of Cadiz and from 280 to 400 in the city of Seville alone; that when the fierce monk, Torquemada, was appointed chief inquisitor, 10,000 persons were burned on the stake and 97,000 underwent various punishments. Think, if you can, of the thousands of mortal burnings against God's will! The sundering of old associations, the last visit to the grave. Contemplate the pilgrimage to the coasts, the transport to inhospitable shores, perhaps to a barbarous enemy, who seized helpless women and murdered women and children! O it was a most horrible scene! Let us rather not think of it, for we can still hear the unheeded crvfor mercy come down to us through the tranquil galleries of four centuries, and the prayer for pity is only an swered by the murderer's derision Let us turn over this blood-bespattered, tear marked page, and we will come to the horrible cru sade against the Jews in France, when every Jew was burned in the provinces on account of the horrible plague which raged in France at that time and which was ascribed to the Hebrews, with horrible results. In Germany, too, their history for centuries is a hid eous chronicle of human cruelty. Even their perse cution in England, sketched in Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe, is nothing to the lurid picture which he might have drawn, for the Jews, under the cowardly, dissolute, unprincipaled and untrustworthy John,' were forced to suffer all kinds of persecutions which men had been sufficiently cruel to invent. Now, we come to the times of Edward 111., when the wrongs and miseries of the Jews in England reached their climax, when that king, pressed by the medieval Hamans, signed a decree which ordered every Jew in the kingdom, under penalty of being hangtd,"to leave England. Of the 15,000 or 16,000 Jews that were banished from England very many perished on their journey, either from illness or from cruelty inflicted upon them. It was a very deplorable condition of affairs. And now, after all these centuries of persecutions which the Jews encountered, one might think that the nations became more humane to the Israelites; but we shudder at the brutal policy of Russia to day ; for the inhuman and almost incredible outrages upon the Jews in that country have drawn forth a world wide sympathy find a protest almost Unprecedented THE JEWISH SOUTH. in its swiftness. Who does not recollect the terrible riot that oc curred in 1882 against the Jews, when men were murdered, women outraged and children dashed to pieces and burned alive; whole streets of Hebrews were razed to the ground and desolated by fire; thousands.of families reduced to beggary and ban ished from their homes; when cue hundred towns and villages felt the scourge of this persecution; when three hundred houses and shops were plundered in Warsaw, while a garrison of soldiers was kept in the barracks and made no sign? Is there anyone who has not heard of the riot that occurred a few months ago in the city of Minsk, where many Jews were either killed or left penniless, and where after wards, instead of arresting the rioters, the Jews who defended their brethren were arrested for breaking the law in interfering in this affair? RANTED, BOARDERsTn PRIVATE JEWISH £ AMI_Y ; nice room, K ooA board with home comforts. at reasonable rates. Apply at 520 north Fifth street. ARFNTQ wai,tc, j- Free Samples. Cash Commissions. Protected HU Lll I 0 ofSo' , Neveral ea ™ $1.00() yearly. HRATTICBCO . w 3*o Pearl street, New York. ' THE BEST COMPANY r()R THE POLICYHOLDER. [To lie Continued.] NEW 'PHONE 466.