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FARM AND ORCHARD
FOR HONOR'S SAKE. Some Interesting News for the Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. Aw- Few Sensible Hints to Suit (he Busy Agriculturist. Item That May Benefit Our Readers. Drought has made sheep fodder so scarce in Australia that thousands are being employed in the various dis tricts cutting the boughs of oak, apple and other trees for food for the starv ing animals, and in skinning the sheep that perish in the mud at the falling water-holes. It is reported that an Australian farmer fed 14,000 sheep on silage in a year and a half. It cost him 35 cents a ton, and its use in itme' of drought saved him 8000 sheep, worth at lowest rates $10,000. Others have carried their sheep through such a sea son by feeding straw, cut fine and sprinkled with molasses and water. They eat it greedily and hold their con dition well. It is only a few years since eggs and poultry were imported to this sec tion by the trainload. While such im ports have not entirely fallen off, the increase of home production of poultry and eggs has been so great during the J)ast couple of years that we may ex pect before long to be exporting rather than importing such products. The ex tra cost of feed in this section is, to a great extent, couterbalanced by the mildness of the climate, which gives poultry a chance to grow all the time. Some of the Chicago papers com plain, and with some reason, against the practice of a few farmers in put ting lime in their milk cans in order to keep the milk from souring. Salt also is used by some for the same pur pose. Both lime and salt are alkaline, and will therefore help to prevent acidity. But in just the proportion they do this they make the milk indigesti ble. When put in the stomach milk becomes acid as the first step toward digestion. All alkaline substances are, for this reason, injurious when com bined with food products. Butter is an article that sells strictly on its merits. A dairyman who gets his own price for butter states that churn ing is not the most important work of butter-making, as the beginning is in the management of the cow, and the handling of the milk. Whether the market is fully supplied or not, there is always a demand for "choice. Al though "good" and "medium" grades may be quoted, yet there is no half way house in the quality of butter. It is either "choice" or "bad," and the inferior kind is that which sells low. Some dairymen get 50 cents per pound for their butter the- whole year, the ruling marlcet price ' not affecting it, and it sells strictly on quality. The intelligence comes from the State University that the efforts of the poultry breeders of Petaluma, asking for a department of poultry culture in the work of the experimental station, has received favorable consideration. The matter has been acted upon by the board of regents, its importance recog nized, and we have encouragement that the experimental work in poultry cul ture will soon be inaugurated. Com menting upon this, the Poultry Tribune of this city says: "From a conversa tion with Prof. Wickson, we learn that the authorities have experienced some difficulty in finding capable and inter ested help to carry on the work. The position is difficult to fill, . because it combines practical and scientific in formation, coupled with administrative ability and a natural aptitude and love for standard poultry. From every point of view the place calls for first-class talent; hence care is being taken to make the proper selection. We admit that the Felchs, Butterfields, Zimmers and Williams are not numerous, but that there are poultry breeders of equal authority in this state, we veritably believe, and the man capable of doing honor to the place will be found." John Jacob Astor Volnntarilr Entered the Service of Uncle 8am. It is pretty safe to say that no man In the service of Uncle Sam ever made such a sacrifice of worldly considera tions as did Colonel John Jacob Astor when he engaged in the war against Spain, Colonel Astor's story of cam paigning in Cuba is unique if nothing else, since the colonel is one of the wealthiest men in the world, and owns more lands and houses than any other living man, with the possible exception of the Duke of Westminster. He Is worth $75,000,000. His annual Income is $3,750,000. Every luxury that wealth can purchase is at his command. 1 The outbreak of war entailed upon him no special responsibility to enlist Service with the army meant, hard food, rough sleeping quarters, constant exposure to the elements, companion ship with bullets. All these things pop ular opinion declares the millionaire to be afraid of. Colonel Astor was not afraid. "I went," he said, "because I thought ft was the most natural thing to do. I am glad I went." He was cruising with his yacht off Central America when the trouble with Spain commenced. He hastened to New Tork and gave immediate evi dence of his intense Americanism. He equipped and gave to the government the first mountain battery ever seen In this country. The expense to him was $100,000. The battery consists of six 12-pound rapid-fire HotcbIss guns and 102 men. He provided every part of the equipment before he turned the battery over to the United States with his compliments. He is president of the Flndlay, Fort Wayne & Western Railroad running through Indiana. He telegraphed Gov. Mount: "If occasion should arise I beg COL. JOHN JACOB ASTOB. CROPS AND MARKETS. After an exceptionally hot spell, the j weather has again been cool, which has ; been beneficial to most growing crops. I Speculation is now being indulged in regarding the size of the coming orange i crop. The original estimates of eigh- 1 teen or twenty thousand carloads have I been greatly modified of late, owing to the falling off of the crop, especially j in the Riverside section. It is now doubtful whether the crop of last sea- ; son will be greatly exceeded, if at all. ! The walnut crop, which is now being harvested, is said to be mostly sold, i and the outlook for prices is good. j A important question has come to the front in regard to the use of sulphur i in drying fruits. For years past, many j California fruit growers have objected '. strenuously to the use of sulphur, but ! as the public has persistently refused ' to purchase the unsulphured fruit, the ! agitation ha little effect. Now, how- ! ever, it is announced that the sales of American dried fruits in Germany, hich have attained such large por- j tijbns during the past year, will be f stopped altogether, unless the sulphur- j ing of fruit is given up, as it is con- j trary to a German law. Probably this ' action may have the effect of popular- I izing unsulphured fruit in this country, ' as it is, undoubtedly, more healthful, although not so attractive in appear- anee. to place our road and rolling stock at the free disposal of the State govern ment for the movement of troops and supplies or for other public service In vhlch they may be required. Next he tendered his private yacht. Nourmohal to the government free of charge. Then he volunteered for ser vice himself and was made a lieuten ant colonel, with the duties of an In spector general, salary $3,000 per year. He was sent to Chickamauga first and then ordered into Cuba with General Shafter. He saw game fighting. Asked where he was during the famous San Juan fight he answered: "I was on El Poso Hill, where we had a pretty exciting time. Grimes' battery was stationed on El Paso and the shells and shrapnel came pretty thick for a time." One of his horses was struck by a piece of shrapnel and wounded. He went with Shafter when that gen eral first met Garcia, eight miles west of Morro. He lived as the other sol diers did. "We had to eat," he said, "pork and beans and bacon. We had plenty of canned beef and hard-tack." He slept as the privates did. "For the first few nights," he stated, "we slept on the ground and I caught ma laria. My temperature rose to 103 de grees one day. We took a great deal of quinine. I slept under a leaky tent fly with Colonel McClarnand and Col onel Derby. We had rubber blankets. The blankets have a way of getting wet on both sides, which does not tend to Increase one's comfort. The greatest discomfort I had was the lack of bath ing facilities." This from a man whose private bath-room In his Fifth avenue home cost thousands of dollars, and who voluntarily left It to serve his country for honor's sake. While In Cuba he received Hobson and his companions after their release from Morro, and he was the officer in command when the Spanish officers taken were sent from General Shafter's headquarters to those of General Duf fleld. He comes back with a very poor opinion of the fighting qualities of the Cuban Insurgents. He favors the an nexation of the island and the holding of the Philippines. , He Is 34 years old, a graduate of Harvard, has traveled extensively and Is a man of the world. His favorite sport Is outdoor exercise. UNCLE SAM'S DOUBLE. Be la John p. Younjj, Superintendent of Schoola at Davenport, In. Uncle Sam's double lives in Daven port, Iowa. He Is John B. Young, who has been superintendent of the splen did public school system of Davenport for twenty years. There Is a striking resemblance between the superintend ent and the man who is used to repre sent the United States In the pictures drawn by the political caricaturists. He has the same goatee, wkh smooth ly shaven cheeks wrinkled by many smiles, while his mouth Is firm and shows as great determination of char acter. If he were to wear the old white beaver that Uncle Sam usually has on his head and the trousers with straps he would look as If he. had stepped from one of the popular car toons of the day. As It Is, the stranger who Is Introduced to Mr. Young is in stantly struck by the striking resem blance, and If Uncle Sam had not been F. J. WATTRON, Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals JOHX B. YOUSQ. drawn generations before Mr. Young's birth you would swear that the super intendent had been the model for the artists. SupL Young comes of a long line of American ancestry, and is as American In every respect as he looks. He was born In New York State, grad uating fróm Mlddlebury College in 186L For seven years he was at the head of academies at Lawrenceville and Fort Covington, New York. In 18G8 he came to Davenport as super intendent of the school system of the city, and his record of twenty years continuous service In that office Is one that is believed to be unequaled In any other American city. His popularity In Davenport Is said to be greater than that of any other man. -TELLS THE TIME. Bare Old Type of Old Stone 8nn-Dial in Scotland. Most people flatter themselves that they know a sun-dial when they see one; but few, on first sight, would take this slender column for one of those out-of-date timekeepers. There are several kinds of sun-dials In existence and this particular example, which stands In a quiet, grassy nook at the head of Lochgoil, Scotland, represents the rare composite type. Although the natives of Lodhgollhead are every sea son plied' with more questions about this old stone than any other object In the vicinity, no one appears to have thought It worth while to -unearth the fads of its history. Little of that his tory can be learned from the dial Itself. It bears a great' many heart-shaped sculptures, and on the north sida ta following Initials and date: D. H. M. S. . C. C. 1628. The date takes us to the time of the famous sculptor, Nicholas Stone, who, about that year, was busy In London erecting numerous sun-dials at prices varying from $30 to $230. Other facts of Its history are to the effect that. AN ANCIENT SUN DIAL. years ago, it stood in a corner of the plot where it is now the central object, that in those days It was not railed round, that two infuriated bulls in the course of a wild conflict threw It to the ground and snapped the shaft in two, and that Its restoration was the work of a sea captain, the son of a ten ant of Drumsynle. Perhaps, too, this is the dial Thomas Campbell had In memory when, In his "Lines Written on Visiting a Scene In Argyleshlre," he re calls that solitary rose found by the "dial-stone aged and green." A Mean Fling. He What a great thing it would be for you girls If the drugists In this country would do as the Spaniards are doing. She I don't think I understand you. He The Spaniards are lowering their colors. A little of the kindness with which people speak of a man's future, should appear when they speak of a woman's Daat. Y Fancy and Toilet Articles. Y Jewelry, Brushes, Perfumery, Soaps, Combs, Glass, Putty, 7 :RU!TS OF ALL KINDS. Patent JVIedieines Oils, Varnishes, Paints, Cutlery, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Confectionery. 7 MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. The EQUITABLE Life Assurance Society Of The United States Outstanding Assurance December 31, 1897 $051,165,837.00 New Assurance written in 1897 '56,955,693.00 Proposals for Assurance Examined and Declined 24,491,973.00 Income 48,572,269-35 Assets, December 31, 1897 336,876,308.04 Reserve on all existing Policies (4 per cent standard) and all other liabilities '86,333,133.20 Surplus, 4 per cent standard 50,543,174.84 Paid Policy Holders in 1897 21,106,314.14 LARG EST"Most Insurance in Force. STRO N G EST-Lansest Surplus. BEST"Pays Death Claims Prompter. Pays Larger Dividends ($1.000,000 lore during last five years.) Issnes Better Policies. Walter N. Parkhurst, General Manager, íSSFSkíSr. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO. C O. ANDERSON, Local Agent, Holbrook, A. T. JULIUS WETZLER WHOLESALE AND RETAIL I General Merchandise NAVAJO BLANKETS Highest Market Price Paid for Hay. Livery and Feed Stable, GREER & EGGER, Proprietor, HOLBROOK, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in ARIZONA. Hay, Grain And Goal. TPA MQ F- R tie Petrifie,l Forest. Good teams and careful ' i VIVIO rvíl drivers always on hand. Day or Night. V; Corral and Stables South side of Railroad Track, Opposite the Water Tank. WILLIAM ARMBRUSTER, Practical Blacksmith and Wheelright,-! NORTH SIDE OF RAILROAD AVENUE, HOLBROOK, - - - ARIZONA. All Out of Town Work Will Recieve Prompt Attention If you have a wheel to fill or a tire to set, bring it to me and get good service for your money. Í WORK GUARANTEED TO SUIT YOU.