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C. 0. ANDERSON, Publisher.
HOLBKOOK, - - AKIZÜXA Santiago was founded in 1.114. That town is old enough to know better next time. The war is ended: now lot the boom ing of cannon be followed by tlie boom ing of business. In bis triumphant march across Torto Rico General Miles proved the fact that he could win in á walk. The conquest of Porto Rico is an illustration of the fact that peace hath her victories no less than war. The Duke of Veragua should come out now. His position under the bed has been neither comfortable nor heroic. Not that very much depends on the answer, but is the hammock a summer contrivance or an accompaniment of the fall? A New Tork contemporary describes a man as having been convicted of 'three cases of bigamy." A full dozen In each case? In the West Indian tropical regions it is comparatively easy to raise almost everything, from garden truck to Amer ican flags and blockades. Hobsou's experience is not a safe guide for. the average citizen. Sinking schooners in hot weather isn't always followed by an osculatory festival. Fitzsimmons claims to be the cham pion heavy weight fighter of the world, but such a statement is preposterous; General Shaf ter weighs 310 pounds. A woman has been sent to a reforma tory in the East for throwing a stone through a window. If she aimed at the window and hit it her proper place is a dime museum, not a prison. A Western paper "regrets to an nounce that Tommy Jones met a sud den and painful death last Wednesday at the hands of his saddle horse." Were the hands of that horse injured? It is said that at El Caney a Mauser bullet struck one of the rough riders and went through two of his pockets. But there Is nothing so very remark able in that; many a wife has often made a heavier score. The purpose of libraries and of books in general has been variously defined. John Morley, in an address at the open ing of a free library, said that "The purpose Is to bring sunshine into our hearts, and. to drive moonshine out of our heads." From every standpoint the war is des tined to be a blessing to the nation. It will pay in patriotism, in industry, in labor and in national greatness. Its deeds of war have shed glory on the American name, and crowned the re public with luster as the proud possess or of such sons. Judge Rogers, of Providence, R. I., recently graoted a divorce to Freder ick A. Bailey of that place. "Mr. Bailey," a special dispatch pleasantly informs us, "will be readily remem bered by the public as 'Chang the giant' who traveled with Bamirai's show for many years. He Is a phenomenally tall Yankee, and wh?n cleanly shaven his features are not unlike those of a Celestial." Is anything in the circus business real? A wise community, like a far-sighied Individual, eeeks to gain some profit from adverse conditions. The disposi tion to make adversity yield advant age, if only the slightest, constitutes one difference between strength and weakness in character. The dry sea son in California, a drawback in some particulars, is to witness a permanent addition to the resources of the State through the wells dug and pumps pur chased. Thus one path to larger pros perity Les through drought to irrigation. To call a man a phraseinaker is in most cases a strong intimation that he is nothing else, and therefore the char acterization is usually resented by its subject. There will be no danger of offending Captain Robley D. Evans, however, if we apply this epithet to him. When he explained the marvel ous victory won over Admiral Cer vera's fleet, by saying that "God and the gunners are on our side," every body recognized at once that the words were the product of a true genius for concise, vigorous and accurate expression. Liquid air presents surprising possi bilities as a medicine. A Russian phy sician. In experimenting with It, placed a dog in a room with the temperature lowered, as stated In London Engineer ing, to one hundred degrees below zero. After ten hours the dog was taken out alive, and with an enormous appetite. The physician tried the test himself. After ten ho""" confinement la an at mosphere of still, dry told, his vitality was intensely stimulated. So much combustion had beeu required to keep warm that an intense appetite was cre ated. It was like a visit to a bracing Northern climate. Teriods of industrial and financial depression are not unmixed with bless ing, as the experience of the United States in this decade has shown. Leav ing out of account the lessons of econ omy forced upon most families in this country and looking at the matter merely from a commercial standpoint, the economies that that period induced in all lines of production resulted in placing many artu-les theretofore classed as luxuries within the reach of almost every one, and they also made possible to our exporters successful couipertition in foreign fields. As a re sult, from being a debtor nation we are fast passing Iiito the position of a cred itor nation. Argentina also found sweel uses in adversity. Up to 18S9 her ex ports were almost entirely confined tc the raw products of her sheep and cat tle ranches. But the financial crisis oi 1S90 forced upon the population th necessity of manufacturing for Its own consumption. So that to-day many arti cles that used to be found on her Im port lists are conspicuous by their ab sence, and that once purely agricul tural people is becoming less and less dependent upon other nations for Its necessities. SOME WONDERFUL CLOCKS. An interesting glimpse of agricul tural conditions in Germany is given ir a recent report of Walter J. Hoffman. L'nited States consul at Mannheim, tc the State Department. Mr. Iloffinar states that the value of agricultural land in his consular district is unusu ally high, the holdings per capita are small, and the owners consequently are compelled to plant only the most re munerative crop3. The German farmei is perforce an intensive farmer, and generally produces full crops. He must utilize every means of retaining or even extending the arable surface; as a rule, the farms are devoid of small under growth, stumps, stones, creeping vines, etc. In draining and irrigating the farmers are experts. In addition to all this the German Government is en deavoring, both by legislation and edu cation, to enable the farmer to com pete with his rivals. An interesting illustration of the attempt to extend the arable surface is afforded by an un dertaking at present in progress In the valley of the Rhine, east of the city of Mannheim. The valley is about twen ty miles wide at this point, the lowei or river terrace consisting of agricul tural lands exceedingly rich In loam and old river deposits, while two miles east of the river the second terrace rises to a height of about forty feet, most of which consists entirely of fine sand, covered at various places by a thin film of loam and now used for the training of pines. There are several miles of this artificial forest, beyond it being better soil and ordinary farm lands used for raising wheat, oats, po tatoes and carrots. The reclamation of the land covered by -this sand terrace is now in progress, the removal of the sand having been begun last spring. Specially constructed dredges are used, and the material is transported by cars over a temporary track. About six acrs had teen exposed cn June 1. The top crust of loam has been carefully re moved from the sand terrace and car-1 tied down to the newly exposed sur face of sterile river gravel to form new acreage, being there distributed and having a depth of about six or eight inches. Over a great portion of this new surface young cabbage plants are growing, and other crops will be start ed as rapidly as the loam Is deposited and leveled. This illustration is but one among many showing the rigid economy necessary In the thickly pop ulated countries of Europe. It is Ifi striking contrast to the advantages which the American farmer enjoys, and at the same time contains a lesson for him. Lu America it is ojily of late years that intensive farming has benu thought of or practiced. Our acres have been plentiful, land has been cheap, large farms have been the rule, and single crops, raised without rota tion unitil the soil has become exhaust ed, have constituted the scope of the farmer's endeavor. The American farmer has not been required to econ omize in the quantity of his land or to husband its strength, as fartJier west were millions of acres of public land awaiting stitl-.iinint. Conditions are changing, however, and rapidly. The necessity for economy is pressing more closely upon the f armor. An increas ing amount of thought and attention is being devoted to intensive fanning to the utilization of every foot of avail able laud, to the diversification of crops, to the culture of the soil, and so forth. Eventually the American fann er must approximate to European mothods, as an increasing population creates new demands upon the soil. Iu the use of machinery" and In the raising of large crops the American farmer is the world's tutor, but, on the other hand, the small fanner of overcrowded Europe teaches the American many a lesson In the ways of extracting a maximum of product from a minimum of area. file Marvels of Astronomical and Chronometric Mechauism. Of course, every Britcn has heard at one time or other of the famous clock j tower adjoining the houses of parlia- I nicnt. No doubt he imagines it to be a ! very fine structure, and, as a matter of fact, it is regarded as the best speci men in our country; but thi-re are many more wonderful clocks in existence to day, perhaps not in size, but certainly in their skillful mechanism. The most wonderful clock in the world is exhibited iu St. Petersburg. Its magnificence may be imagined from the fact of this colossal timepiece having no fewer than ninety-five faces. It indicates simultaneously the time of day at thirty different spots on the earth's surface, besides the movement of the earth around the sun, the phases of the moon, the signs of the zodiac, the passage over the meridian of more than fifty stars of the northern hem isphere, and the date according to the Gregorian, Greek, Mussulman and He brew calendars. The works took two years to put together after the clock had been sent in detached pieces from Switzerland to Russia. A certain watchmaker constructed a clock whose mechanism represents, ev ery fifteun minutes, all the activities of a miniature railway station. The tele graph operator sends a dispatch, the doors of the station open, the station master and his assistant appear on the steps, the clerks open the windows and distribute the tickets; several travelers rush toward the train that comes in at full speed. In short, until the train has gone, the usual stir of such stations is exactly reproduced. As the train leaves, each automaton returns to its place, and for a quarter of an hour everything is peaceful. The clock's dimensions are not known, but it is said to have had six years' labor expended upon it. Another remarkable clock is that made by Villingen, the clockmaker of the Black Forest, Germany. It shows the seconds, minutes, quarter hours, hours, days, weeks, mouths, seasons, years and leap years to the last second of the year A. D. 9U909, besides a host f other astronomical, geographical and historical facts. There is a celebrated clock tower at Berne, in Switzerland. The approach of the hour is announced by the crow ing of a cock. At the same time may be seen at the very top of the tower a man clad In a coat of mail striking the hours with his sword on a large bell. As the hours are striking a troupe of bears make their appearance and par rade round the tower, then make their exit. Long strings of carriages draw up every hour for the occupants to wit ness this interesting spectacle. A gigantic clock, made of cycle parts, was shown at a recent exhibition held in Paris. The hour figures are com posed of brightly plated cranks. All the smaller wheels revolve by means Df gear chains, but this was only for attraction. The clock kept excellent time, and struck hours, half and quar ter hours, the real mechanism being concealed In the tase. At the time of the coronation of the Empress of Russia at Moscow in 1724 she was presented with a watch as wonderful in every particular as the famous Strasburg clock. On the oppo site side of the time-keeping part there was an exact counterpart of the holy sepulcher, with a carved image of the Roman guard, the scene being viewed through the glass In the case. Upon opening the case the imitation stones would roll away from the mouth of the miniature scipulcher, the guard kneel, angels appear at opposite sides of the opening, and at this time the music would begin to play. In soft sweet strains, the Easter s-jngs so well-known to all Russians. The watch only weighed seven ounces. The maker of this wonderful piece of mechanism is said to have worked upon it almost un interruptedly for a period of nine years. Tid-Bits. What has become of the old-fashioned man who, when he was mad, said he had his Irish up? iMcety of Etiquette. A true gentleman usually feels that It Is as essential to be courteous to the least as to the greatest, but etiquette does not always recognize this. The famous Talleyrand is reported to have used a graduation of politeness in ask ing his guests to take beef at a dinner party that he gave. The grade ran thus: To a prince of the blood: "May I have the honor of sending your royal high ness a little beef?" To a marquis: "Marquis, may I send you a little beef?" To a viscount: "Viscount, pray have a little beef." To a baron: "Baron, do you take beef?" To an untitled gentleman: "Mon sieur, some beef?" To his private secretary: "Beef?" But there was yet an Inferior per sonage present, and to him Tailyrand uttered no word. He simply looked at him, and made an Interrogative gesture with the carving knife. But If the meat were good, some of us would not trou ble much how we were Invited to It Tit-Bits. Theories of Ocean Tides. Prof. G. II. Darwin, In his lecture Jn the Lowell Institute course, explained the causes of daily high and low tides. "When the moon is over any spot on the earth the water Is drawn up toward, It by the' force It exerts, anrl at tha point directly opposite, on the other, side of the earth, the water Is also raised In the form of a big wave," said Prof. Darwin. "Between these points, on either side of the earth's circumfer ence, the ocean Is depressed, the moon thus tending to form a spheroid of the waters, and giving rise to two high and two low tides in the course of one revo lution of the earth. "To understand the bi-monthly spring and neap tides we must take into ac count also the effect of the sun on the oceans. The force exerted bv the sun Is 2l59ths as powerful as that of the moon, and when there is a full moon cr a new moon the force of both bodies is acting together, and gives rise to the condition known as spring tides. But when the moon Is half-way between new and full, waxing or waning, the force of the sun is acting at right an gles to that of the moon. As the sun exerts about half the power of the moon over the tides, the difference be tween the effect of the two acting to gether and in opposition is about as three to one, so that the tides arising from the conflict of the force of sun and moon are only one-third as great as the spring tides. These miner tidts are called neap tides. 'The observed fact that high tides do not occur when the moon is overhead, but several hours later, was explained as due mainly to the comparative shal lowness of the oceans and to the dif ferent velocities of all points on the earth's surface between the maximum of 23.000 miles a day at the equator and zero at the poKs." Boston Trans cript. Certain caves have been reported as maintaining a uniform temperature. summer and winter, of 54 degrees F. They may be said to breathe twice a year inhaling during the winter and exhaling during the summer. The Japanese make water-bags of rice paper which are said to be inore durable, as well as less expensive, than similar articles made of rubber. Be tween the layers of paper, which is soft and flexible, resin is used, and the outside Is covered with lacquer. The driving of a bicycle at ten miles an hour has been ascertained to re quire about one-twenty-third of a horse power. An expert rider for a short time may exert one-third of a horse power. For rapid work, not scorching, one-seventh horse power Is needed. These figures are the result of scientific investigation. According to the Public Health Jour nal mosquitoes cannot abide the touch of permanganate of potash. It is in stantly fatal to the Insects in all their stages of development. A handful, it Is averred, will kill all the mosquito embryos in a ten-acre swamp. It is recommended to scatter a few crystals of permanganate widely through marshes in which mosquitoes abound. The Berlin sewer system transports annually from sixty million to seventy million tons of sewage for distribution over an area of twenty thousand acres lying from seven to fifteen miles be yond the limits of the city. Although the cost of the drainage is about ?23,- 000,000 a year, the enormously In creased fertility of the land makes it a paying operation. Besides that, it is the most sanitary and scientific mode of disposing of the city's sewage. Twenty-eight motor cycles partici pated In a race recently between Etampes and Chartres, France. The distance, going and returning, was about sixty-two miles. The winning vehicle, driven by an eight horse-power motor with two cylinders, made the round trip in about two minutes and ten seconds less than two hours. The speed was thirty-one and two-thirds miles per hour. This, It Is said, beats the best previous record for road car riages. Under the force of great gales, large lakes and tideless seas, like the Cas pian, have been observed to experience surprising changes of level, as if they were huge basins of water tipped by the hand or a giant. In the Caspian a difference of level between the two sides of the sea amounting to 12 feet has been noted during the prevalence of a heavy wind. In Lake Erie a dif ference of level of 15 feet had occurred In similar circumstances. Analogous observations have been made on other lakes and In the Baltic Sea. Perhaps mold in cellars should be encouraged as going to show tb.4t the walls are damp, and hence that an un healthy condition of things exists. If, however. It is desired to exterminate the mold. It can be done by dusting it over with powdered quicklime. If the walls are dry where the mold grows, they should be moistened. After a day has passed, the walls may be washed down. It Is sa.'d that the growth will not reappear for two years after this treatment. The lime must be pow dered as It comes out of the barrel. If It is powdered by slaking, It will not operate Holtaoi, SUokaniSprinierville EXPRESS. DAVID K. UDALL, Proprietor. TIME TABLE. Leare Holbrook daily except.Sundays, 3 " Woodruff ' 6 ArriT Station ' " Mondara 1 Lear Station " " 6 " Concho " g " St. Johns " " li At. Springerrill " ." 7 LaaT ' " Sundays? " St. Johnt " " 2 " Concho ' " " 5 " Station ' " 7 ArrlT Woodruff " Mondays 1 LeaT " ' " ' 6 Arrire Holbrook " " " 11 :00 p.ra :30 p.m 00 a m :00 a.m 00 a. m :00 a.m. :00 pirn :00 afm :0U p ro :00 p.m :30 p.m :00a.m 30 a.m :00 a.m PASSENGER FARE. Holbrook to Woodruff. 1 M " Concho 4 5 " 6t. Johns Ot " Springerville 0 ROt'XD TRIP , Holbrook to Woodruff and return II " Concho " " t 00 " St. Johns " " 1 01 " Springerrill " 14 M STOP-OVER PRIVILEGES íSEí:' Ml line. Fiity pounds oi baggug carried fre for each full pa sanger. GOOD MEALS AND ACCOMODATIONS furnished at the station and Woodruff. FIRST-CLASS CONVEYANCES, sd tem' cr,ul and accomodating drivers. EXPRESS CARRIED iWr'"9 For full particulars inquire of any of our agamt or postmasters along the line. Will Wooster, Agent. Holbrook, Ariz. . . STAGE LINE. . . PHATOX. CO., Proprietor. THROUGH TO FORT APACHE In 21 hours. Best of Rquipment. GRAND MOUNTAIN SCENERY. Stop overs can be made at Snowflake, Taylor, Show-Low, Pine-Top and Cooley's Ranch. PASSENGER FARES: Holbrook to Ft. Apache " Pine-top Show-Low " Snowflake ROUND TRIP: Holbrook to Ft.Apaehe and return $15.00 " Pine-tip " " 15.00 " Show-Low " " 8X0 " Snowflake ' " 4.00 For Express Sates Apply to JNO. R. HULET, Agent, Holbrook. Ariz. LUIE KEE EflGWSH KITGflEJl AND BAKERY Meals at all Hours. Table Supplied with The Best in the Market KA1LEOAD AVE., HOLBROOK, - - ARIZ05A. Pleasant Valley Stage Line. Leayes Holbrook for Heber and Pleas ant Yallev, Mondays and Thursdays Passengers and Express carried at low ratea. Fine Mountain Scenery , and Good Hunting long the line. Good teams and comfortable conveyances. ROBERT WIMMER, Proprietor. WILL WOOSTER, Agt., Holbrook, Aril Holbrook Ft.Apaehe ...fs.oo ... 2.50 ' Y. I .-V . ' I- . -- i ... --. V".V