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END OF AN EMPIRE ! DEATH OF GENERAL GORDON AT KHARTOUM, JAN. 36, 1893.
OMDURMAN'S FALL MEANS THE MAHDI'S ANNIHILATION. The Victory of Gen. Kitchener in the Sondan Marks the Beginning of the End of the Strangest Empire Since the Day of Mohammed. After a terrific battle, characterized by the weird features and daredevil charges that have always abounded in wars with the fanatics of the Soudan, the British army of Invasion in the Mahdi's territory swept the barbarians off the field Sept. 2 and victoriously en tered the city of Omdurman on the Nile the capital of the Mahdi. It stands opposite ruined Khartoum, the city of bitter memory, where Chinese Gordon was butchered thirteen years ago, and Its occupation in a measure avenges that crime of the Soudanese barbari ans. The battle of Sept. 2 will rank In his tory as one of the fiercest of any Egyp tian campaign. Gen. Kitchener, commander-in-chief of the British expedi tion, had a combined force of British regulars, Hindu troops and Egyptians, numbering In all 25,000 men. The 10, 000 British regulars were under the im mediate command of Gen. Gatacre, while Gen. Hunter commanded the 15, 000 Hindus and Egyptians. Staten Pasha, an Austrian, who was a prison er of the Mahdi for twelve years, ac companied the expedition as a guide. Opposed to the Anglo-Egyptian army were the fanatical hordes under Ab dullah, formerly a khalifa, who has OI5EBAL K1TCBKNER. been recognized as the Mahdi since the death of the original Mahdi. In the battle outside Omdurman, the dervishes made the assault, marching to the fray, singing their weird songs and beating brass and copper drums. They were scantily clad and over them waved the black flag of their leader. "The bravery of the dervishes can not be comprehended," writes a corre spondent who witnessed the battle. "Those who carried the flags struggled to within a few hundred vards of our fighting Hne, while the wounded emirs absolutely threw their lives away In bold charges. When the flower of the Khalifa's army was finally caught In a depression and within a zone of wither ing cross fire from three brigades, the devoted Mahdists strove heroically to make headway, but every rush was stopped, while their main body was lit erally mown down by a sustained cross fire. Defiantly the dervishes planted their standards and died beside them. Time after time their dispersed and broken forces reformed and burled themselves upon the Anglo-Egyptians, their emirs conspicuously leading, and spurning death. Even when wounded and In death agonies they raised them selves to fire a last shot" I Like Mohammed's Rise. The story of Great Britain's wars In the Soudan during the past fifteen KHARTOUM, THE DERVISH CAPITAL. They presented an unbroken front for three miles. Met by a storm of British bullets they did not waver. Their ranks were broken, but with the same enthu siasm that carried the Moslems of old to victory they continued to advance. "CHINESE" GORDOS The battle waged several hours, and when the barbarians were finally driv en from the field, 2,000 men of Klch ener's command lay dead and wounded, while the dervishes lost five times that cumber. - years reads like a chapter from the life of Mohammed and his Immediate suc cessors. The rise of the Mahdi, the growth of his horde of adherents, his conquests throughout southern Egypt, his slaughter of the enemy, the luxury of his declining years, together with the tyrannical sway of his successor, who has now met defeat, form a parallel to the careers of the prophet of Arabia and his death-defying successors. It was in 1882 that the British and Egyp tian Governments learned that a cer tain dervish named Mohammed Ahmed was wandering In the Soudan, drawing all natives to him and preparing to found a mighty empire among the slave-dealing Arabs of Africa. It was said that he could turn bullets Into water. He assumed the title of Mahdi, "successor of the Prophet," organized his followers Into an army and laid siege to various villages, conquering all aud enriching himself by plundering the Inhabitants. Then, with an army of 30,000 men, he marched to El Obeid, slaughtered its defenders and estab lished there his capital Ills success caused enormous additions to his ranks, and soon all that section of Egypt was inflamed. By this time the British and Egyp tians were alarmed and sent a force under. Hicks Pasha, an English officer, down to meet him. The result was hor rible. Hicks and his men fell Into a trap In the desert and the Mahdi slew the whole 10,000. Advancing toward the rich and beau tiful city of Khartoum, he stopped at Darfur, captured it and took prisoner its Austrian commander, Staten Pasha. For twelve years this man remained a prisoner of the dervishes and was treat ed with all manner of cruelty. Terrified by the Mahdi's success. Gen. Gordon, the bravest man of the English army, was sent to defend Khartoum. He was given an inadequate force. This was at the beginning of 1SS4. He ofTered the Mahdi all the western Sou dan as his own territory, with the rec ognized rank of Sultan. In bitter re ply the Mahdi sent him back a complete set of dervish garments. Then the vic torious fanatic and pious Arab set out for Khartoum, where the hapless peo ple, deceived by the hope of English help, had lingered to welcome Gordon. Xo notice was taken of that hero's proc lamations to the Soudanese. His com munications were cut with the north, and very soon a horde numbering 200, 000 swarmed at the heels of the Mahdi Into Omdurman and the outskirts of Khartoum. This was in October, 1884 The low Nile left a part of the ram parts broken and indefensible. The vast mass of assailing dervishes made thereby their rush, iu two bands, just before the British relieving force came in sight of the white walls and green palm groves of the city. Cruel Death of Gordon, How Gordon died at his hopeless post Is thus related: "One party dashed along the parapet. breaking down all resistance and slaughtering the soldiers in all direc tions; the other party made for the town. The Inhabitants, roused from their sleep by th,e shouts of the Arabs and the din of rifle shots, hurried out. Like a pent-up stream suddenly releas ed more than 50,000 wild dervishes, with hideous yells, rushed upon the 40,- 000 inhabitants of Khartoum, besides the 5,000 soldiers all that were left of the 9,000 at the commencement of the siege. The surging mass threw Itself on the palace, overflowed into the love ly garden, and burst through the doors in wild search for their prey, but Gor don went alone to meet them. As they rushed up the stairs be came tbward them and tried to speaí to them; but they could not or would not listen, and brought to the Mahdi he appeared to have been much displeased at his death not because he felt pity for him, but believed that Gordon might join his army. Gordon's head was hung on a tree in Omdurman, and the wild mul titude rejoiced in heaping curses on It and insulting it." This undoubted triumph Intoxicated his followers with faith, but demoral ized the Mahdi. He took to unbridled luxury and died of its consequences on June 22, 18S5. The desert ascetic, whose bed had been a mat of straw, ex pired upon Persian carpets in all the splendor and state of a great Eastern prince, having founded in his brief career an empire built on the basis of slavery and reckless bloodshed. Before death he had himself nominated Ab dullah as his successor, who thus in herited a dominion stretching from Bahr-el-Ghazal to Egypt, and from Darfur to the Red Sea. The new tyrant began with very great Ideas. He proclaimed that he would conquer all Egypt, as well as Abyssinia. Tutting all laws on one side, he made himself absolute master over life and death In the Soudan, and even the valor of King John and his Abyssinians could not stand against the ardor of the dervishes. With the death of the original Mahdi there befell a split In the ranks, but they were united enough, nevertheless, to go down the XUe as far as Korosko and to send insulting letters to Queen Victoria, to the Sultan of Turkey and to the Khedive. At this time it was Gen. Grenfell who, in the cause of Egypt, stopped the Invasion of that country. The battle of Toski. on Aug. 3, 188, avenged the cruel fate of Hicks Pasha; but England had lost her best chances, and for seven years Osman Digna harassed and besieged Suakim. while El Teb and Tamal were fought in vain, and all that fair and fertile region south of Berber was abandoned to the tyranny of the Baggaras, under a sec ond Mahdi. Witi the adhesion of the numerous and warlike tribes of the Baggara, the THIS EOTPTIAX CAMEL COKPI. the first Arab plunged his huge spear Into his body. He fell forward on his face and was dragged down the stairs, many stabbing him with their spears, and his head was cut off and sent to the Mahdi. On Gordon's head being OIB TREATMENT OF SPANISH CAP- A Í JCS. Xever before in historv was there a oas where a defeateu and captive enemy re ceived such irenerous treatment as we gave the Spaniards. Equally astonishing are the cures brought about by Hosteler's Stomach witters. JNever has there been so success ful a medicine for stomach and liver din. oriers like-dyspepsia, indigestion, bilious ness uiiu constipation. jaaaL This map of the Nile region show several stac of the British advanoe on the dervish position at Omdurirsn Khalifa Abdullah has kept down all other local races under his own fierce will, as well as keeping alive the spell of the name of the first Mahdi, within whose' tomb he was often wont to lock himself up, spending the darkness in pretended communion with his Master. In some districts half the people are dead, in others the loss of life is even greater. Whole tribes have been com pletely blotted out. and In their places roam the wild beasts, spreading and in creasing In fierceness and in numbers until they bid fair to finish the de struction of the human race; for they enter huts, and women and children are no longer safe. It is some three years since Kitchener set out to redeem the lost territory and to avenge Gordon's death. The fall of Omdurman and the defeat of Abdul lah's forces means the downfall of the fanatic's empire. Nol ...om,u to kMumy Him. "I would go to the end of the world for you," he exclaimed passionately. "I'm sure I wish yon would," she answered coldly, "aud then jump off." Dear Editor: If you know of a solicitoror cnuvntfer in your city or elsew here, especially a man who has solicited for subscriptions, in surance, nursery stock, books or tailoring, or a man who can sell goods, you will confer a favor by telling him to correspond with us; or if you will insert this notict in your paper and such parties will cut this notice out and mail to us, we may be able to furnish them a vood position in their own and adjoining counties. Address. AMERICAS WOOLEX MILLS CO., Chicago! At the School Plcuiu. Lady Helper (to small boy) Will yen have some more bread and butter? Small Boy No fear wueu there's kike about. Lady Helper (trying to be kind) Cake? Certainly! Will you have plum or seed? 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