Newspaper Page Text
SHEEP BATH WHICH KILLS BACTERIA.
BLANG from the sailors ! greatest of locomotives. ' Termi that Come from tlic Lansnagc ! of the Sea. In the vast amount of narrative I which has of late been read regarding , ships and the sea few persons have i stopped to think to what an extent the ; English language has been enriched by ' sea terms. For Instance, in rosnonse to the every-day querv. ' How are you?" put to the test' 10 haul n,ore than thp ' many will answer. "First rate, thanks." ! ""ire r?? J a ir0lgbt temT- The lattpr ,Mk.r hnJ nn thnt ho U WaS bl,lIt DF tue Pittsburg LocOUU.- Larsjer and Heavier than Any Other Previously Built. A leviathan on wheels has jnst been introduced on the system operated in connection with the various works of the Carnegie Steel Company. The loco motive is the largest and heaviest in the world, powerful enough, if it were One of the unique sights at the Union stock yards in Chicago is the sheep "d.f." The "dip" is divided into three sluices arranged alongside each other forming the letter "S." Each is thirty feet long and twenty inches wide just wide enough ior an ordinary sheep to get through. The depth is five feet, so that the animal must swim, when he strikes the bath, a distance of eighty-nine feet. At one side of the plant is a stationary boiler, with two wooden vats, holding 1,000 gallons each of nicotine solution, used in the bnth to kill the crab and bacteria, which infect the animals' bodies and hoofs. The boiler is used to heat the solution in the rats to a temperature of 112 degrees before it is turned into the bath, also to keep the bath at the same uniform temperature during the process of dipping the sheep. The animals approach the bath in single file through a narrow chute, which is connected with the pens. When they get to the mouth of the "dip" a driver pushes them down a slide into the hot solution. They then swim about the S-shaped sluices and leave the bath, after many duckings, administered by the drivers with long ' pronged poles. About eighty run the gantlet at one time. Then another lot is driven in. The solution in the dip is sufficient to bathe 1,000 sheep. It is then turned out and another solution, from one of the vats, turned in. About 1,100 sheep are bathed per hour. is perpetuating the remembrance of the old line-of-battle ship. First Kate. The navy In past days had six "rates," or classes, of vessels. Sea proverbs are also met in dally use. For example. "The devil to pay. and no pitch hot." One never thinks why "devil" or "pay" should be mentioned. The saying orlg- , lnates In the mystery of calking the seams of a ship's deck. The outside ; seam, called by sailors the waterway seam, obtained among talkers the term of "the devil," through the difficulty oí calking It; to "pay" is to run hot pitch ; tive Works on an order from the Union Railroad Company of Pittsburg. ! It is not only larger and heavier as a : whole than any locomotive previously ' builr, but exceeds all others in inany : of its essential details. The weight on the drivers is 208.000 pounds. The Mex , lean Central double-boiler locomotives have 200,000 pounds on two separate ' driving wheel bases, and the tank loco ! motives of the St. Clair tunnel have I 195,000 pounds on ten driving wheels, i The twelve-wheel locomotives of the Great Northern Itailroad have a total of weight of 212,750 opounds, of which In the cavity of this bar are placed two cartridges, run on grooves made in the carved bar and attached to long, curved needles. In the helmet are two holes fitted with disks which can be made to revolve until they come into opposition with the eyes of the victim. DEATH HELMET. nlnnc tho rt 1 L'w1 ngnw Wo an v nt a man who is going wrong, "He is on the I ou,'-v T1-? 1u"mls are on tbe driving wrong tack," sometimes In error using i wheels. The cylinders of the new loco- the word track. A vessel on the wrong I rf Ím'l,PS' as conlPared f.L- ,!,!,. t. !,.. ;t t : iiii-nes lur me urrai .-soriu- ricane. be engulfed in the'heart of the ! ern' a"d i,s ,otal boiU'r uus surface gtorm is .322 square feet, as compared with Suppose some one "spins you a yarn." : 230on ,he (;reat xrt"ern- It not only He may tell you of the unlucky fellow ' has raU;T weigh,t on its dri"8. but who Is "among the breakers;" of the e,xeds al c-ylmder power and in villain "sailing under false colors;" the ! í.ue, steam-producing capacity of the heroine showing "signals of distress;" ' boiler tlle most Pwerful locomotives KEELY, OF MOTOR FAME. Han Who Promised the Working of Miracles Is Dead. John Ernest Worrell Keely, of Keely motor fame, who died recently in Phila delphia, was a strange character a genius according to some, a humbug according to others. Keely and his motor have been before the public for a generation. He was to have accomplished wonderful things with this motor and he interested capi talists to the extent that the Keely Mo tor Company was formed and poured out mouey lavishly for the inventor. Even yet those who have been in closest touch with Keely believe in the strange Invention. In the last few years Keely has worked on a manuscript revealing the mystery of his peculiar motive pow er and Mrs. Keely now has it in her pos session. It is not known, however, whether the inventor made disclosures puffieient to permit others to go on with the work. Keely surrounded himself with a halo of mystery and worked for a long time In absolute secrecy. But he made the most extravagant claims and promises ?s to the miracles which he would per orm with his mysterious "inter-etheric covery, but that the "Mahatmas" would never let him develop it, because in the present state of civilization nations would use the terrible force for mutual extermination. And so the "Mahat mas" kept the motor from "nioting." Friendship for Friends. The dogs of Constantinople aro the scavengers of the city. For this reason, as well as from innate humanity, tbe Turks are tolerant of them, although visitors to the city find them uuamia ble. As a proof of their intelligence and recognition of friends, Major Johnson relates an experience of his own. One evening I was walking with an English officer, when a dog came up and licked his hand. He told me to no tice that she would follow us to the boundary of her district, as he had once petted her and she had never forgotten it. Exactly as be had said, she follow ed us a little way, aud stopped short in the middle of the street. She wagged her tail and looked wistfully after us, but did not stir when we called her. A few nights afterward, returning alone to my hotel, I passed the same spot, when I suddenly felt a cold nose put into my hand aud a tongue licking my palm. I looked down and saw the same dog. She had recognized me as the hero striving bravely "against wind and tide," yet true to his love as the "needle to the pole;" presently the two are'wafted" by a "favoring gale" safe ly "into port." In politics the "ship of state" blunders on with Lord Tom Noddy "at the helm;" occasionally some high official is "thrown over board" by his parly. Coloquially, we growl at an interpre ter for "shoving lu his oar;" we speak of two scoundrels as "tarred with the An indication of the power of the lo comotive is furnished by the character of the work demanded of It. About four miles of the line upon which it is operated has a grade of seventy feet a mile, and on one stretch of about 2.000 feet, up across the main line of the Pennsylvania Railroad and reaching to the foot of a 7ft-foot hill, has a grade of 2.4 per cent: The trains of many cars are loaded down with iron, coke and same brush;" we advise our friend to i '"""" ami aggre- "go with the current." and we speak of I him to others as all fair and "above i board." Jack is a bit "rakish," and i sometimes "half seas over;" if he does ; not reform he will some day find him-1 self "high and dry," and "laid up" for good. I Such terms as in "good trim," a "snug ; berth," to "carry on." at "close quar- i ters," to "fit out." and so on, are fa mil-' iar to all. Here are the derivations of : three of the last mentioned: "Rakish" ! in the old war days privateers, pirates and such gentry depended upon the j speed of their vessels; these had their : masts "raking," or slanting; such a ! vessel was said to be "rakish," that Is, j a fast and doubtful customer. "To car-: ry on" is to keep sail set longer than a i very prudent man would do; reckless- j ness. "Close quarters" the modern ; meaning is well understood; the deriva-1 tion is curious. "Close quarters" were i strong wooden barriers stretched The apparatus is in communication with a battery on a table near by which causes the cartridges to revolve and at the same time to plunge forward and bury themselves deep in the frontal lobes of the brain, destroying instantly a large portion of the white matter of the cerebrum. Death is instantaneous and painless, and only a simple prick at the angle of each shows how the dead man passed. , PHILIPPINE PETS. RooBters Take the Place of Dobs and Cata. Speaking of roosters, they are the na tive dog in the Philippines. The Inhab itants pet and coddle them, smooth down their plumage, clean their combs, or pull out their tail feathers to make them fight, to their heart's content, and it is a fact that these cackling grass eaters realy seem to show affection for their proprietors in as great a measure as they exhibit hatred for their broth ers. Every native has his fighting cock, which is reared with the greatest care THE WORLD'S BIGGEST LOCOMOTIVE. j TO DMim across the deck .and used for retreat and shelter when the ship was boarded. The old slave ships were thus fitted in case of the slaves getting loose. In the old naval wars the .term meant two ships in action, with their sides touch ing, as was often the case. Chicago Chronicle. gate many tons to a car. The locomo tive is now in daily use, and is said to be highly satisfactory, not only In the work accomplished, but In the econ omy of fuel and water required. The New York Central Railroad re centlyaccomplished what waseonsider ed a remarkable feat. In the hauling of 80,000 bushels of grain a distance of 140 miles with a single mogul locomo tive, having a weight of 123.000 pounds on Its drivers. It is estimated that the new locomotive on such a track as the New York Central from Syracuse to Al bany could haul a paying load of 13.". 000 bushels of grain, or a net weight of 3,375 tons. NEW FRENCH INVENTION. Up a Church- teenle. Two riggers in a Western city a few years ago performed a feat that for daring and steadiness of nerve equals ; anything on record, says the rhiladel- phia Times. Repairs were necessary at the top of , , , Whether or not the stroke of the suil- no way to reach the spot from the in-: ,otiue ,nstaut leatu u ,s more side, and the riggers procured a number ! tüjm ,ke thu the of the of light ladders and lashed them, one ., ,,,, ., h, K t. ... lllU ' . V liu l iai uauiOU lllC 111(1" th Helmet Which May Take the Guillotine's Place. JOHN E.W. KEELY AND HIS LATEST MACHINE. liberator" and marvelous vapor. Speak ing In 1875 he said: "I propose in about six months to run a train of thirty cars from here (Phila delphia) to New York at the rate of a mile a minute with one small engine, and I will draw the power all out of as much water as you can hold in the palm of your hand." And, as though this were not sufficiently startling, he add ed: "A bucket of water contains enough of this vapor to produce a power sutti vlent to move the world out of Its course. An ordinary steamship can be run so fast with it that it would split In two." Keely gave some exhibitions In bis little workshop. He at last succeeded In puzzling everybody. Aside from the mechanism, which was not taken apart, Keely operated with a couple of tuning forks anil a fiddle tow. He struck his tuning forks and set a brass ball rotat ing at 000 revolutions a minute. He rasped the fiddle bow across a tuning fork and raised a heavy weight at the end of a long lever, the power exercised. It was said, being equal to a pressure of 25.000 pounds to the square Inch. Though he never accomplished any practical results with his motor, he made a very comfortable living out of it. To the last many persons believed that he was a genius of the highest or der, and he succeeded in getting the financial support of solid business men who consider themselves armor proof against any species of humbug. The late Mine. Blavatsky said that Keely had really made a wonderful dis- above the other, to the outside of the steeple. Tbe topmost ladder, however, ; was not high enough to enable them to reach the desired spot, and as the upper ; part of the steeple was too small to per- . niit the proper lashing to it of a ladder, . 1 a daring expedient was resorted to. . One of the men, carrying a pot of chine which owes its origin to the reign of terror. For months past the French govern ment has had in its hands a machine superior to the guillotine in rapidity of action, which causes no distortion of visage and produces no scar. The-machine, which has been named "L'Executioner" by its Inventor. Francois Esclangon, a well-known scientist and the editor of the Parisian Le Monde Scientlflque, is like the hel met worn by a fourteenth century cav alier. From the top curves a long. hollow bar of steel, dividing near its having been with her friend, the officer, and as before she followed me to the molted solder, climbed from one ladder boundary of her district. Youth's Com- to another until he had reached the last pan ion. . 0ne, and then, bracing himself, he rais- New Use for SteeL ed an "xtra Indcler that the other rigger A new "use has been found in steel by ' had bro"Sut l :!. leaned a Sheffield (England) firm, which Is 1 11 Sainst the steeple. Then the man makinir a steel harness trace, consistlnn - below grasped this ladder and held it of a narrow ribbon of steel, from three- i " '. ' i end into two portions, which approxi- fourths to one inch wide, rolled very i ,ne P01"1 wl"r llis work was t0 i mate closelv two holes in the helmet thin and cased in leather. A single trace I ,l0ine' 1Ie ogan the work at ouce, and ! , or this kind, when tested at the Shef- ' i" -' -"-". -- lield testing works, recorded a tensile breaking strain of 4,575 pounds, while an ordinary leather trace of the best quality, tested at the same time, broke at a strain of 2,700 pounds. In addition to being lighter and stronger than the tied the solder pot. and the fiery stuff ran out and fell over the bauds of the : man who was holding the ladder. But the brave fellow did not move. With a presence of mind and a courage worthy of a monument, he maintained ordinarv trace, the steel article is about ! 8 flrm 1101,1 of tlle ladder until his com- 20 per cent cheaper. The steel is neces-1 Pn!on could come down from his peril sarily of the very finest quality, aud Is j ous Percn- so pliable that it can be twisted in any direction. This kind of steel is being ! used in bicycle tires. The ribbon cased in rubber is placed inside the ordinary tire, thus making punctures practically until he has shown sufficient prowess to entitle him to an entrance into the cock pit. In case of fire, the rooster is the first thing rescued and removed to a place of safety, for babies common luxuries in the Philippines are a sec ondary consideration. It is almost impossible to walk along any street in the suburban part of the town without seeing dozens of natives trudging along with roosters under their anus, which are being talked to and petted to distraction. At every oth er little roadside hut an impromptu battle will be going on between two birds of equal or uuequal merit, the two proprietors holding their respective roosters by the tails in order that they may not come into too close quarters. The cockpits, where gatherings are held on Thursdays and Sundays, are large inclosures covered with a roof of thatch sewed on to a framework of bamboo; they are open on all sides and banked up with tiers of rude seats that sur round a sawdust ring in the center. Out side the gates to the flimsy structure sit a motley crowd of women, young and old, selling eatables whose dark, greasy texture beggars description, while here and there in the open spaces a couple of natives will be giving their respective roosters a sort of preliminary trial with each other. As the show goes on Inside, shouts and applause resound at every opportunity, and at the close of the performance a multitude of two wheeled gigs carry off the victors with their spoils, while the losers trudge home through the dust on foot. Chi cago News. When a fool opens his mouth his head is soon emptied. An Kniperor's Breakfast. The German Emperor takes for his impossible, and, it is claimed, increas ing the speed of the cyclist. Cold Water as a Stimulant. According to a high authority, cold water is a valuable stimulant to many if not all people. Its action on th heart is more stimulating than brandy. His own experience is that sipping kali a wine glass of cold water will rails All pulse from 70 to over 100. Tbe only place some people hvc to go is back to work- of which is covered over with salt, and which accordingly goes by the name of salt bun. After this he consumed a Btnall special kind of bun, known as a "lucca eye," then some sandwiches, for which another kind of bread is requir ed, baked until the outside is quite black. Safety lor Parisian Theatergoers. New theaters to be erected In Paris will hereafter have to be approach able from all sides. A woman sometimes prefer a presenta to his company. The exMriinent of employing women as conductors on the street cars of severul of the smnlliT cities seems to have proved a success. Speaking of those employed at Chillicothe, Ohio, a local paper says that they perforin their duties in a polite, faithful and conscientious manner, with no funuy business about it, aud they command the respect and admiration of everybody. Even the rougher ele ments of mankind, who would not hesitate to impose on a man, are toned down by the gentle influence, and do not attempt any forbidden privileges, for they know it would not be tolerated for a moment. The conductors are seven in num ber, from families of respectability. The women work nine hours each day, with one day off each week, and receive ?4 a week for their services. At Madison, Ind, when the street car company decided to put on women conductors nearly 100 girls made application. People differ very much in their opinions regarding the female conductor movement. Many have compinined and protested against the innova tion. The various labor organizations are especially active ia opposition to Uls new conductors. I V