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FARM AND ORCHARD
Some Interesting News for the Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. A Few SeiMibls Hlnta to Salt the Buaj Agriculturist. I tema Th at Hay Benefit Oar Reader. POULTRY. J. K. Sexton, in a recent issue of the Poultry Tribune, wrote as follows of commercial poultry in Los Angeles: "In some respects the poultry mar ket of Los Angeles has presented an omalous conditions during the last two seasons, owing to scant rain fall and a corresponding lack of green food for fowls and the consequent prevailing high prices for grain. The result has been that eggs have ruled high in price, while that for market poultry has ruled low. Paradox ical as this statement may seem it is in perfect keeping with the peculiar climatic conditions of 1S96-98. A scar city of forage, with feed ruling high, can only result in a stiffening of prices for hen fruit and a general tendency on the part of breeders to crowd all their surplus stock, particularly broil ers, to market. The importation of great quantities of eggs from the east, particularly this year (sent here fresh in early spring, placed in cold storage and marketed with the advent of August and September,) still remains a pro nounced feature of the market. At first glance this state of things seems an anomaly, nevertheless it will con tinue as long as it is profitable to those in the trade. When eggs are from 20 cents and upward per dozen, the imported produce will be a feature of the local market, particularly since the home supply has never been suffi cient to meet the demand.If it were possible to secure sufficient home grown eggs for cold storage, or if breeders would combine for that pur pose it might be feasible, and thus by this method the sale of eggs could be so arranged as to average better re turns to the producers. A tour of observation and investi gation on the part of the writer among dealers and handlers of eggs and poul try in Los Angeles brought to light some interesting facts, which are on the whole encouraging to the indus try. In the first place the consensus of opinion in the trade is that some 14. 000 cases of eastern eggs are brought ) into this market annually just think of it, 420,000 dozen or 5,040,000 indi vidual eggs into the leading market of a country which is nothing if not hor ticultural and agricultural. The figures are astounding and furnish food for reflection. The second contention is that the home production does not av erage up so well as the eastern; the eggs are not so strong shelled, nor so uniform in size and color. This state ment seems to argue tbt the average farmer floes not feed and care for his fowls so as to secure the best results in either the quality or quantity of his egg product. Certainly a strong shell and uniformity in size and color are elements worth considering when marketing hen fruit in large quanti- ties. No accurate estimate was to be had of the volume of domestic eggs sold tn this market, as large numbers are handled in a small way by the re tail trade on the outskirts of the city. As already intimated, the drouth has had a bad influence on the broiler market, because a scarcity of green forage, coupled with the high price of grain has rendered the sale of all sur plus cockerels advisable on the part of breeders. The result is a congested market and generally low prices. Here, as in other directions, there is a vast field for improvement. Indeed, average quality of broilers sent to the Los Angeles market is low and not at all up to the eastern standards. There is altogether too much mongrel stock, scrubs and runts are too plentiful. There is also a surplus of kinds and sorts. Uniformity as to size and breeds is of as much importance here as else where. There is an urgent need for better stock, better feeding and a bet ter quality in broilers. With these ad vantages once established, there would at once be a stronger demand, with the supply limited for a first-class article. The breeds preferred are the Asiatics ORGANIZED HORTICULTURISTS. The fact and philosophy of the suc cess of the California Raisin Growers' Association have been so fully de scribed in the words of the leaders thereof in last week's Rural and in the present issue, that we. need only em phasize them by citation in this con nection, says the Pacific Rural Press. It is fitting, however, to point out some significance, which, it seems to us, Dheres in them. They are, first of all, a new illustration of the truth that two essentials of co-operation are knowledge and confidence. Per haps knowledge is prerequisite toconfi denee and involved in it, but never mind that. The raisin men had knowl edge of the situation and they learned it iu a hard school. They have ap proached ruin during the last few years more nearly, perhaps, than any other large group of producers. They have seen almost every advantage :-ount for naught. They worsted the Spanish producers in a fair contes" and secured the favor of American consumers. They secured protection against unequal competition with for eign producers. They produced in im mense quantity a high-grade product which needed no propaganda, because every civilized child in the world knew its deliciousness. And yet they could not. under the malicious system of marketing, secure more for it than its equivalent value as pig feed. It was an appalling, an altogether unpre cedented, experience and it taught its lesson with proportionate emphasis. Surely there was no lack of knowledge on the part of the growers that the evil was not in their product but in themselves that such a product could not win bread for them. Fortunately, iheii, the situation was ripe when Mr. Kearney associated other responsible people with himself and called upon the growers to do something for them selves. They saw they had everything to pain; they knew that the old sys tem was ruin; they had confidence that the proposed combination could succeed and they have been rewarded by its success. We are not sur? that any other large group of producers has yet reached the state of mind which pervaded the raisin growers last spring, but the achievement in this year's handling of the raisin crop will be of incalculable service when ever any "group may rise to such a slare. Another significant fact in th suc cess of the effort lay in its moderation. Any cinch proposition on the con sumer will fail. Some of our minor cooperative concerns have learned that to their cost. Possibly the laUin g!-oiTS might have realized morj this year, but their investments are net for this year alone. Their future resis upon fair prices for a first-class prod uct. They have done well enough and have righted their wrongs, not at the cost of the consumer, but at the co.t of those who have made a football of the product and a doormat of the pro ducers. We do not undertake to say that cinch combines always fail, but OR. TIMOTHY DWIGHT. Sim lioatc Career an Educator Earned for Him L-'eaerved Rest. Dr. Timothy Dwight, who surprised the educational world by his resigna tion from the presidency of Yale Uni versity, was president of that great in stitution by Inheritance, one may say. His grandfather, who was Timothy Dwight also, was president of Yale from 1793 until 1S17. Yale has had few If any abler presidents than the first Timothy Dwight, and the grandson has proved himself a worthy successor. Dr. Dwight, when he took his seat In 1886, said that he would withdraw from the post whenever he became convinced that his usefulness to the university was at an end. Two years ago there was gossip about his resign ing, but It came to nothing. President DR. TIMOTHY DWIGHT. "PZl&Z ' Ml r . .... ... miso rropneiors or tne Silver ireek Flouring Mills, Agents for the Bain Wagon, Osborne Harvesting Machinery, Oliver Chilled Plows John Deere Plows and Cultivators, Bridge & Beach Superior Stoves and Ranges, Gem of Otero Flour, Cooper's Sheep Dip and Little's Sheep Dip. Your Patronage is alwaj-s appreciated, no matter how- small your purchase, you may rest assured it will be our aim to sell you the best goods that can be bought for cash, at reasonable prices. Owlght was born Nov. 16, 1828. at Norwich and was graduated from Yale with the class of 1849, of whichhe was the salutarorian. He was out of the university only two years, when he returned as tutor. After passing four years In the Yale theology school he went abroad for two years to be spent at Bonn and Berlin, and then returned to be ordained a minister of the gospel. In 1858 Dr. Dwight saw that he could not escape from the profession of edu cation and he was glad when he was elected professor of sacred literature in the theological scliool of the university. From that distinguished chair he passed to the headship of the great in stitution in 1886. His long career as an educator has earned him the rest which he will soon enter upon at the ripe old age of 70. EXPENSES $300 PER DAY. Two Ensrliah Girls Tour the United State in Boyal Fashion. Miss Dollie Richards and Miss Kate Roberts, of England, have been trav eling through the Rocky Mountain re gion viewing the sights at an expense of $300 per day. Miss Richards is the daughter of a steamship millionaire and Miss Roberts is her cousin. Both we are quite sure that Intelligent and : girls are handsome, stylish and vastly coufioe nt co-operation to secure a fair interested in all they have seen and reward, calculated upon the baits of actual cost of production of a dosira b'.a r'oduct, will succeed, because con sumers will pay such a conSiJeraie re ward :f the product is prop-it W dis tributed to them. Nothing in trade ít-enis surer thin this, and producers havn only to ground their enterprises ii;- :n :t lo f - eed. CROPS AND MARKETS. The orange shipping season is now about to open up in earnest, after the prelude of the holiday trade, and as intimated in these columns as a prob-; ability, there is now indications of the; markets cleaning up the holiday fruit ; in good shape. Inquiries for oranges j are improving through the western ! states especially and throughout tho: far east there are improved conditions, j This improvement after the holidays is coming earlier than is the ordinary experience, the trade being usually demoralized for several weeks follow-1 ing the holidays, and this should give I the growers encouragement for the successful harvesting of the crop. j At the same time, prices realized i for both oranges and lemons, and es-, peeially the latter, are not fancy, and 1 while the general improvement of trade through the east gives promise of an active demand for all the prod ucts of this state, the growers will probably be well satisfied to take the run of the markets and not more than a good heard in this country. Having been all over the East and a good part of the South they have seen and heard a lot. They travel in a special car fitted up so as to be a veritable palace on wheels. They have with them their own porters, cooks, coachmen and maids, and their car has a well-stocked refrigerator and pantry. The car Is the private vehicle of an Eastern rail road president, specially fitted up and Arizona Co-Operative Mercantile Inst. IIOLBROOK. AND SXOWFLAKE Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General IVIerehandise FIRST NATIONAL BANK, 11 S. DEPOSITORY. Depositor' for the Atlantic and Pacific and the Atch ison, Topeka and : Santa Fe Rail road Com pany s. JE. N. Mi OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS: Pres. Joshua Eaynolds. 7 Authorized Capital $500,000.00 M. W. FLoiRxoY....Vice-Pres. Paid np Capital, Surplus and Profits $175,000.00 A. A. Keen Cashier Frank McKee. .. Ass't Cashier A. A. Grant decorated for their use. Muslin cur tains overhang the windows, and palms spring from Japanese jar- iLiempi , .iiniprpo on p..,.!, siilp of the ilnor IphiI. to coerce the markets into paying : . . . i1pn.fn imtll living price for r , . , . . ; . . " their output. - While the crop of fruit now being nient of books on the I ulted States. and Americans particularly Barrea marketed is far above that of the av-1 wnue rugs cover me leather divans. Rocks, Wyandottes, Brahmas, Coch-1 erage year in quality, there are a few : and gorgeous pillows are scattered ar ins and Langshans. This market is j districts which have suffered some- j tistically about. Charming pictures worth cultivating. The "call" for old what from the drought and which are hang on tne wauSl soft cushions lie on hens is only fair a fact again empha-, marketing considerable quantity f the inviting looking couches and a sizing that it is not good policy small fruit at reduced prices. This has t x t the interior of the -keep stock beyond the age suitable eome to be known to the eastern trade casual S'anie at ine mierior 01 tne car for table purposes. I this vear as -birds' eggs." It is said one the impression that it is the These few salient features of the that this small frut will soon be off temporary home of refined aud cultl commercial and economical phases of j tne niarket. i vated women, tho nrvnUfv industry in Los Angeles ! ' J - . . - 1 . 1 OAO t!ZC !, ., f-K r 1 .- r f I Hf . ....... n S'. .i. .-(,.. ih.i tho nnniitv nf nnr Doultrv re- wheat irom isew iors yesieruay .i .Morro is one 01 tne grandest pos- O quires "grading up" to standard re- breaks all records in the history of sessions in all Cuba, not as a fortress, tlio produce n.xcnange. but as a curiosity. The damage done A public meeting was held at Tern- ', the castle proper by our navy could tx pkton recently to discuss ways and j repaired for $30,000. Its construction means for supplying hay for starving ' and mysteries are wonderful, and the stock. The people are not in need ot scene from Morro ridge is unsurpassed clearly prove if they prove anything. that the quality of our poultry re quires "grading up" to standard re quirements; that methods of breed ing, feeding and management for spe cific purposes must be more in accord ance with the best practices of an ad vanced and enlightened poultry cul ture; that tiP Per oa oi r"' ! food, but are in distress on account of , Cuba. Cur guard there has exploré now XfeVeTpronU. toTemae out 1 ot ' fr their stock" t it pretty thoroughly, but has not y. of the business- that the period of; Germany reports a deficit of 350.0001 discovered the entrance to the subte iack-ass labor In the poultry yard is . tons in the beet sugar crop, and that i ranean torture rooms i and onlv those can win in its fully one-half of last year's product; i;'t;r, -n-hr. nnssp9 the adaDta- was sold at low prices before the bility to apply the wisdom garnered in shortage was realized. All stocks be- Jjooks papers and DUlietins to iue , ing low manes me uiHi ivfi. uuu6. CtÍCal enUS OI III? UUlutrs, luai w 1 uti luaiij o vi ...... v, . whatever thy hand nnaetn to ao crop 01 tne worm is , 0,003 iuus, all thy might" is the only sure Germany leading with 1,847,018 and to success. Cuba having 300,000 tons. Fooling the American Bayer. Australian rabbit skins are beiag converted Into "sealskins" for tha American market. Fans from China. Over 11,000,000 fans are exported tr one year from Canton, China. A. & B. SCHUSTER, HOLBROOK, A. T. ST. JOHNS, A. T. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General Merchandise, Grocei'ies, Delicasies, Provisions, Tobacco & Cigars Harness & Saddlery, Hay & Grain, Paints &, Oils. AVoodenware, Hardware &. Tinware, d'ockery fe Glassware G tins Sc Amnnition, Furniture, Dry Goods, Notions, Fancy Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Furnishing Goods Stationery. Trunks and Valises, Navajo Blankets. Lumber, "Wallpaper. Sole Agents for SCHUTTLER WAGONS an! NORTH OF IRELAND SHEEP DIP Mail Orders Promptly Attended to. Parties Desiring Information RegardingTthe Industries and Resources' of Navajo County with a view to Locate a'Home, Invest Capital or Engage'in Business'should address the COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION, HOLBROOK, - - ARIZONA T.