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FARM AND ORCHARD
Some Interesting News for the Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. Few SoDKlble Hint to Suit the Buj A jrlrolturUt. Item That Mjr Benefit Oar Readers. CROPS AND MARKETS. To use a time-honored phrase, the farmers are "jubilant." The consid erable showers that have fallen dur ing ihe past week have broken the spell, which some pessimists had be gun to weave over Southern Califor nia. Farming operations will now commence actively, and with a few more good showers within the next couple of months, we may look for one of the most prosperous seasons that the farmers of Southern Califor nia have ever experienced. Orange shipments, which have been somewhat interrupted by the rain, will now go forward again, fnces in the east have been well maintained. The more one examines the facts in connection with the handling of the big orange crop of last season, the more one becomes convinced that the success which attended the marketing of the fruit was largely due to the good work of the Fruit Exchange. Even those growers who did not mar ket their fruit through this organiza tion doubtless profltd thereby, while some of them have undoubtedly been wishing that they had been members of the exchange. The record of the present season is also an excellent one, up to date. Ship ments of December fruit have been made in a most satisfactory manner. the markets being kept well cleaned UP. Another example of successful co operation in fruit marketing is the work done by the California Raisin Association in the San Joaquin Valley. Reviewing the successful work accom plished by this association, the Pa cific Rural Press draws attention to the fact that two essentials of co-operation are knowledge and confidence. The Rural Press says: "The raisin men had knowledge of the situation and they learned it in a hard school. They have approached ruin during the last few years more nearly, perhaps, than any other large group of producers. They have seen almost every advantage count for naii2ht Thev worsted the Snanish producers in a fair contest and se cured the favor of American consum ers. They also secured protection against unequal competition with the foreign producers. They produced in immense quantity a high-grade prod uct, which needed no propaganda be cause every civilized child in the world knew its deliciousness. And yet they could not, under the malicious system of marketing, secure more for ' it than its equivalent value as pig feed. It was an appalling, an alco-i gether unprecedented experience, and it taught its lesion with proportionate emphasis. Surely there was no lack of knowledge on the part of the growers that the evil was not in their product, ' but in themselves that such a product eouli not win bread for them. Fortu nately, then, the situation was ripe1 when Jlr. Kearney associated other responsible people with himself and called upon the growers to do some thing for themselves. They saw they' had everything to gain; they knew that the old system was ruin; they . had confidence that the proposed com bination could succeed and they have been rewarded by its success. We are not sure that any other large group of producers has yet reached the state of mind which pervaded the raisin grow ers last spring, but the achievement in this year's incalculable handling of the raisin crop will be of service whenever any group may rise to such a state." For dried fruits there is a fair de mand at steady prices. Stocks are very light, and consequently there is every reason to believe that prices will be maintained. In the local produce market eggs have been arriving somewhat more easily. They are in good demand. Po tatoes are firm in price, the stock of "spud3" being very limited. Quota tions will be found on the commercial page. before planting, but they may be ap plied in the rows and at the time of planting. Carefully shelled and se lected kernels should be used for seed. The seed should be planted from twelve to twenty inches apart, two to the hill, and covered about an inch deep, either with a hoe or a small turn plow. Peanut oil is used fcr lubricating and soap making, and is a good sub stitute for olive oil for salads and oth er culinary purposes, and as a substi tute for lard and cottolene and butter in cooking. The residue from oil making, known as "peanut cake," is a highly valued cattle food in the countries of Europe, and is also ground into flour and used for human focd. It makes good soup, griddle cakes, muffins, etc., and is one of the most nutritive of foods. It has, how ever, not been sufficiently tested to make it certain that it will be useful as a regular article of diet. The vines when dried become a very nutritive hay. readily eaten by stock; but in feeding care must be taken lest it give them colic. San Francisco Chronicle. ' CYCLOMETER FOR CANOE. Distances Covered by Canoeists Can Be Accurately Measured. A canoe trip through the everglades of Florida, described by former Lieu tenant Hugh L. Willoughby, of the Rhode Island Naval Reserves, in a book just published, is of particular in terest to wheelmen, because all the dis tances he covered were measured by a cyclometer. All ordinary means of marine meas urement are useless in the everglades, and as it was necessary to keep a rec ord of the distance involved Lieutenant Willoughby devised the scheme where by he used a cyclometer for the pur- POULTRT. i Poultry dealers and fanciers have : been looking for years for a breed of ' poultry which would combine the four : great points desired in a first-class, all-around breeding of poultry, name , ly. large size, handsome appearance, big egg production and first-class meat for the table. Admirers of White , Plymouth Rocks claim that this breed combines all these qualities in emi nent degree. C. B. Holmes of Los An , geles writes as follows on this sub ject: "As to size, the hens will average ' six pounds, the cocks nine pounds. ; With their snow white plumage and , stately carriage, they are exceedingly I handsome. They will lay nearly as j many eggs as a Leghorn, and are I great fall and winter layers, when , eggs are highest. The dash of White i Leghorn blood in them gives them , their great laving qualities. They are 'fino, catear: 1 ti d mnthare flioil- Hrtfilff and quiet disposition making them first-class in that respect. When served up on the table they are unex celled; their yellow legs, yellow skin and large, plump bodies making them a dish for the epicure. In fact, they are the superior of any fowl up to date, and no mistake will be made by stocking a chicken ranch with this breed of poultry." i CYCLOMETER POK THE CASUS pose successfully. He atrtaehed the front fork of an old bicycle to the stern of his canoe. In the jaws of this was swung a 28-inch bicycle wheel, the tire being equipped with a series of small paddles, so fastened that tbey regulat ed the speed of the wheel to that of the boat. The cyclometer was attached In the usual manner. Repeated experiments with the de vice demonstrated to Lieutenant Will oughby that the slip of the wheel was constant, and that its trailing behind the boat recorded reliable measure ments on the cyclometer even when go ing at a slow gait. He says that the wheel and cyclometer gave excellent results as a log of the trip. Canoeists and oarsmen might take a bint from this for their next tours on the water. An old bicycle wheel is easy to get. and It must add to the pleasure of the trip to keep an accurate record of the dis tance covered. Arizona Co-Operative Mercantile Inst. IIOLBEOOK, AND SXOWFLAKE Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General Itoehandise Also Proprietors of the Silver Creek tfWHFFIoiiririfr ---o ? .vw iwi nit, uaiii a 1 1 j Osborne Harvesting Machinery, Oliver Chilled Plows John Deere Plows and Cultivators, Bridge & Beach Superior Stoves and Ranges, Gem of Otero Flour, Cooper's Sheep Dip and Little's Sheep Dip. Your Patronage is always appreciated, no matter how- small your purchase, you may rest assured it will be our aim to sell you the best goods that can be bought for cash, at reasonable prices. A EICYCLE WHEELBARROW. THE PASSION FRUIT. At a meeting of the California Po mologieal Society, C. P. Taft of Orange in a paper said: "I shall call your attention to the ganidilla, or passion fruit. In Australia it is said to be exceedingly popular, and always com mands a high price. We have two va rieties which do well here, the Passi flora edulis. which is very hardy and i prolific, and the Passiflora quadrangu 'lars. which is not so hardy or prolific. but has a most beautiful and fragrant flower and very large fruit, about the size of a large goose egg. The vine ; itself is very ornamental and a rapid ! grower, so that it very quickly con i ceals whatever it is attached to, and ! is quite worth cultivating for orna- ment alone. Unless checked by un : favorable weather, these vines grow and bear throughout the year. The fruit is of a peculiar flavor, and it seems to me would not be enjoyed by anyone; but I imagine that some peo ple would be quite fond of it. It has a hard skin and ships well." The Operator Relieved of the Weisht Kntirely. The principle of the bicycle applied to the wheelbarrow is a novel design brought out by a Canadian manufac turer, but It can be easily made at home. The two wheels are arranged as shown, the extra one being support ed in such a manner that it can be brought into use whenever desired. This is effected by a notched arrange- FIRST NATIONAL BANK, U. S. DEPOSITORY. Depository for the Atlantic a and Pacific and the Atch- J ison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail- road Com pany s. ALBUOUEROUE, N. M.: oncers and directors: Joshua Rayxolds Pres. Authorized Capital $500,000.00 M. W. FLouRxov....Vice-Pres. A. A. Keex Cashier Paid-up Capital, Surplus and F RAXK McKee. .. . Ass't Cashier Profits $175,000.00 A. A. Grant WHEAT IX THE FAR NORTH. Samples of wheat have recently been shown grown by the Roman Catholic institution at Fort Provi dence on the- Mackenzie river. North west Territory, near the 62d parallel of latitude. This is some 200 miles north latitude of Sitka, Alaska, is considerably north of the furthermost point of Labrador, and co-equal with Southern Greenland, and 150 miles north of the latitude of St. Peters burg. The sample would grade No. 1 northern. It is only produced in a small way at Fort Providence, but equally fine samples are said to be raised several hundred miles further north. Ninety days of growing weather matures the wheat. Orange Judd Farmer. TWO-WHEELED B ARROW. ment on the frame supporting the rear wheel and engaging with a correspond ing part on the inside of the shafts. With the weight disposed on two wheels the movement of the barrow is merely a pushing one. almost the en tire weight being removed from the arms. When an obstacle, such as a curbstone or uneven surface. Is encoun tered it is very easily surmounted by depressing the handles, when the rear wheel is made to act as a fulcrum, and the weight readily lifted over. ZAXTE "CURRANTS." CULTIVATION OF PEANUTS. So many families would atleast like to raise peanuts enough to supply the home demand that some suggestions for their management will be wel come. Horticultural Commissioner G. P. Hall contributes to the San Diego Union some paragraphs which we con dense as follows: What are known as the Virginia running, or the Vir ginia branch, are the proper varieties to plant, as most widely known and popular. A sandy soil is best, but the plants will do well in any friable soil which contains a good supply of lime and humus. Lime is required for the proper development of the nuts, as -without it the plants will run almost wholly to vines. In regard to the planting, cultivation and uses of the nuts, Mr. Hall writes as follows: Peanuts should be planted in well pulverized soil to a depth of four inches. The distance between the rows should be from twenty-eight to thirty-six inches, varying with the fertility of the soil and variety. Fer tilizers should be applied broadcast I The recent discussion in regard to ' the proposition to repeal the duty on' ; so-called Zante currants has brought' (out prominently the fact that the 'term is a misnomer. As the Times! i has shown, this fruit is not a currant1 i at all. but a small grape. It was i called the currant because it was first exported to Western Europe from the , town of Corinth, in Greece. In order I to avoid such confusion of terms, it ' ' is suggested that the fruit should hereafter be called the Zante grape, or the Corinth grape, and that the revenue service of the government i should adopt this title. Considerable excitement has been! created by rich discoveries, 25 mile3 east of Vernal, Utah, in the Blue, mountains, near the Colorado line.) The discovery was made by "Doc" McDonald, a veterinary surgeon ofj the Ninth Cavalry. He served in thej Spanish war, and while in New York! recovering from rever, met a man named Johnson, who had formerly lived in eastern Utah, and who told him that he had found rich float, des cribing the location. When the Ninth Cavalry returned to Fort Duchesne, McDonald commenced to search for the vein. Tolstoi's Colonies. Tolstoi colonies are increasing in Russia. The Tolstoians. of course, live together, having constructed their own houses and their owu furniture; there a nothing new In this, the tale has been told before. What is remarkable is the arrangement of the mutual dinlng table in the Tols-toi table d'hote. The bowl of the community a bowl of soup is shared among six persons, each dipping into the same dish, but having the right of personal property In the matter of a wooden spoon and salt. Bread also is private to the In dividual. Thus the six consumers get a fair start and then they are all off together. But one would have thought this a fatal arraugetnent. Age, teeth and digestion are sadly unequal. What is there to prevent the venerable grand mother from being left hopelessly be hind by Ivan the Terrible, her youth ful grandson, who treats the whole course as a point-to-point race, and so shows forth the eternal Inequality of things? It is added that there is a beautiful simplicity and decency in these repasts, and that there are three napkins to each symposium. Thus we have six consumers to one bowl and three napkins to six consumers. But some will do well to avoid the table d'hote a la Tolstoi. All Husbands bo. He When we are married I will lie at your feet She (interrupting) Yes, and to my face, I suppose. The less money a inau has the strong er la his belief in the equal distribu tion of wealth. The natural gait of moat people would win them honorable mention in a cake walk. A. & B. SCHUSTER, HOLBROOK, A. T. . ST. JOHNS, A. T. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General Merchandise, Groceries, Delicasies, Provisions, Tobacco & Cigars Harness &. Saddlery, Hay Sc Grain, Paints & Oils, AVoodenware, Hardware &. Tinware, Crocker j' & Glassware Guns &. Amunition, Furniture, jDi'3' Goods, Notions, Fancy Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Furnishing Goods Stationery, Trunks and Valises, Is avajo Blankets. Lumber, "Wallpaper. Sole Agents for SCHUTTLER WAGONS and NORTH OF IRELAND SHEEP DIP Mail Orders Promptly Attended to. Parties Desiring Information Regardingjthe Industries and Resources of Navajo County with a view to Locate a'Home, Invest Capital or Engage'in Business'should address the COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION, HOLBROOK, - - HR1ZONK T.