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The course of the blood-vessels in
dead animals or birds is now exam ined by the X-rays. In order to make the arteries, etc., give a photograph, or "radiograph," they are first injected with mercury. Very beautiful re sults have been thus attained. The Lancet says that the air of a room can be charged with ozone by simply suspending moist lineu sheets In a keen, dry wind, and then hanging them up in the house. It is thought the generation of the ozone may be due to the rapid passage of atmos pheric oxygen over the broad, wet sur faces of the sheets. Ozone exercises a purifying effect on the air. W. E. Roth has recently published the results of his studies among the native inhabitants of the northwéstern part of central Queensland, in Aus tralia. His most interesting discovery is that of the existence of a sign lan guage, expressed by means of the hands, and capable of conveying com plex as well as simple ideas. Mr. Roth gives illustrations of 213 of the man ual signs employed in this language, which is used throughout the region studied by him. Cannibalism, he says, still prevails among some of the Aus tralian tribes. Statistics are presented in a recent number of Nature which tend to sup port the conclusions of Doctor Bruck ner that there Is a regular cycle, of about thirty-five years, In the course of which the earth experiences a change of weather from a cold and wet period, through a hot and dry period, back to a cold and wet period again. According to these statistics we are now in one of the comparative ly dry periods, but early In the twen tieth century the condition of things will be reversed, and the wet years will outnumber the dry ones. . : Owing to the effects of shore-lines, and other influences which are more or less obscure. It is very difficult to account for the peculiarities exhibited by tidal waves in various parts of the world. Interfering waves cause once-a-day tides at Tahiti, and in some other places while on the other hand. In the harbors back of the Isle of TVight, and in the Tay in Scotland, there are three tides in a day. The latter have recently been ascribed to "overtides," produced by tíie modifica tion of tidal waves running ashore, and resembling the "overtones" of musical sounds. Of the two liquid envelopes that en wrap the globe the atmosphere is the thicker, and it has had more to do with shaping the surface of the earth than one might suppose without giving the matter due consideration. Not only does the wind carry vast clouds of dust and sand from place to place, but it bears inland the vapor which rUes from the ocean, and which comes back to us condensed Into rain. All the erosion of the soil that is accomplished by rivers, all the transportation of solid material that these streams and the ocean .currents are responsible for, would be Impossible were there no air. The waves, too, are raised hj this agency, and their havoc. must also be charged In part to the account of the atmospheric sea. The "Wlll-o'-the-Wisp." The "will-o'-the-wisp" usually ap pears In marshy places or in grave yards. It is believed to be due to the spontaneous combustion of phosphuret ed hydrogen from decomposing organic matter, and it Issues from the soil as a long flame, while on water it inflames at the surface with the production "of long wreaths of phosphoric anhydride. It can be reproduced artificially by throwing calcium phosphide into water or burying it in moist soIL A scientific Frenchman, Dr. A. Bleu nard, reports some remarkable observa tions of the will-o'-the-wisp at Croisic, a seaport of France,' during last August and September, the lights having been visible every evening over a consider able area of water. The bubbles of gas were very large In August, during the season of thunderstorms, but became smaller and smaller as the temperature fell, until the phenomenon ceased about the 20th of September. The bubbles were mostly confined to two basins that contained no mud, but were receptacles of much fish refuse. As such organic matter as the brain of a sheep failed to produce phosphureted hydrogen when decaying under water, the conclusion is reached that the waters of the port of Croisic must contain some rare fer ments, hitherto unknown and existing only under special conditions, which decompose organic substances rich in "phosphorus In a manner to set free phosphureted hydrogen. Proved True. A lawyer whose office was on one of the upper floors of a tall building was about to enter the elevator one morn ing, but stepped back In order to let a lady who seemed to be in a hurry pre cede him. The "conductor," It appeared, had been waiting for just one more passen ger to complete bis load, and when the lady stepped Inside he shut the door and the elevator shot upward. "Politeness," muttered the lawyer, "is not always Its own reward." A few minutes later, however, as cending by another "lift," he passed that load of passengers, stuck half-way between floors where they remained half an hour by some accident to the machinery. "I take It back." he muttered. In the same tone as before. "Politeness is its own reward!" THE TARTARIAN LAMB. A Etranse Plant that Closely Wesem bles an Animal. " STEAMBOAT TRAFFIC. Mississippi River la to Teem with a Fleet of "Palatial Vessels. It may sound like a dream, but an sther year may witness a revival of the Among the strange stories to be found in the narratives of early travelers, tew are stranger than that ot the veg- good old days, when the great Missis etable lamb of Tartary. This story, as j 3ippl teemed with life, and when fleet believed by the reading public, and i and palatial steamers plied its broad even by the naturalists of two cen- j waters in regular and profitable trips turies ago, is so marvelous, and so ob- ; between all the important points from viously absurd that we wonder how the 1 St. Paul to New Orleans. To do this most credulous could have believed it ! md to retrain for traffic on the fnthpr of business separated, the levees or tnm great river will once more resound to the rumbling of the dray wheels, the crack of the teamsters' whips, the blasts of the steamboat whistles, and the song of the darky roustabouts. A GENEROUS GIVER. A TRUE STORY. Strong Attachment of Two Chicago an'lwich Men. Those who hold the theory that the poor canuot afford to indulge in feel ings, and that to have enough to eat is for them to have all their longing satis fied, should read the story of two waifs, one of whom lately died in a Chicago hospital. They belonged, says the Interior, strictly to the ranks of those who strug gle for the barest subsistence, earning a scanty living by acting as "sandwich men," or by cobbling a little for the poorest of the poor. They were in no way related, but they had lived for years in the same room, and had learn ed to like each other and to be neces sary to each other. If their undivided earnings amounted to a dollar a week they were in comfort. A little more meant affluence. There was one fear that pressed upon the hearts of these men they dreaded a pauper burial. Lest either should come to such disgrace-they covenanted to protect each other from it. and to pay every week fifteen cents each to a burial society which guaranteed some thing like ninety dollars on the death of a depositor. Two years ago the strength of one of these men failed. He could do no work, and from that time the stronger of the two supported both, and kept up the payments of both policies. The end came at last. The double task fell from the shoulders of the sur vivor. He had yet to keep his promise to his friend, however. He collected the money, for the policy, purchased a decent casket, and honored the dead .man with a respectable funreal. Then he mailed ail that was left of the insur ance to the blind brother of his friend, paid two weeks' premiums In advance upon his own burial expenses, and ob taining admittance to a city hospital died within ten days of a broken heart. to be true. j The story is that in an elevated and I cultivated salt plain of great extent, : I west of the river Volga, there may be found a creature half-auimal, half- I plant, to which the natives give the ; i name of barometz, meaning "little lamb." To obtain it, the Tartars sow j I in the ground a seed like that of a '. ' melon, from which, in due time, rises ! the strange plant, having the figure of ; I a lamb, with the feet, the hoofs, the ; ears, and the whole head, except the ' horns, of that animal, distinctly i formed. I It grows on a stalk about three feet '. in height, being, according to one ver ! sion, rooted to the ground by its four i feet, while another account raises the j whole lamb, feet and all, from the ; ground on a single stem, on which it is j able to turn, and also to bow itself downwards to the herbs on which it feeds. It lives as long as there is grass or herbage around It, but when it has j consumed all within its reach, it dies, I and withers away. Its skin is covered with a very white down, as fine as silk, and is greatly prized by the Tartars, who pull it off, and wear it as a cover for the head. Inside, it Is composed of flesh and j bones, and when wounded it gives out j a liquid resembling blood. Wolves are j said to be the only animals that will eat it, and they are very fond of it. I Specimens of this remarkable produc tion were looked upon as the rarest treasures in the collections of the curi ; ous in days gone by. Two different waters its long-lost spleudor, a mag nificent fleet of passenger steamers is to be built for service between the two points named. In elegance of equip ment the passenger steamers will rival the famous old Robert E. Lee or the Natchez, and will completely outdo them in speed. H. II. Liemke, of St. Louis, an old river man, who, in years of experience on the Mississippi, has learned steam boating from cabin-boy up, is at the head of the enterprise, and also the in ventor of the new style of steel boats ! which are to travel the river from its source to its mouth. He has labored i on this project for several years, until to-day he has people all along the river t interested in his plans. Mr. Lienike's ; plans are more feasbile than any that ! have ever been advanced, and he has ' received sufficient encouragement from ; shippers all along the river to insure I the construction of a fleet of steamers, such as are shown In the illustrations. ! Mr. Liemke makes the statement that ; the steamers will be so equipped that ' they will be formidable competitors of ; the railroads, which now parallel the I river on both banks. In discussing his 1 project recently Mr. Liemke said: j "I have already placed with a firm in j Wilmington, Del., the order for the first : it a fleet of seven boats, and will short ; ly make arrangements for the building ! Df the other six. I believe that river ; men have themselves been mainly re- sponsible for the decline of the' river j trade. They, have supinely permitted ; the railroads to take their business The Cat Fit, .The cat fit, or conniption fit, as it is sometimes called, is a state of mind Into which one works himself when un duly agitated over some matter, usually of no importance, in which he alone, or perhaps he and somebody else, may be concerned. Thus some nervous per son getting ready for a journey might, as the time for departure approached, get flurried and flushed over the prepl arations and run from one thing to an other without making headway, be coming more and more agitated, imag ining that everything was going wrong, and that, it couldn't possibly be straightened out in time, and finally getting Into a regular conniption fit. ' That form of the cat or conniption fit that is due to the actions of others springs usually from dwelling upon the shortcomings, real or fancied, of somebody upon whom we may have occasion to rely; somebody hasn't come when expected, or he has done some thing poorly, or we fancy he has, or he hasn't done It at all, or he has misun derstood or Ignored instructions. Churning' these Irritating things over and over In his mind the man gradu ally works himself Into a cat fit, a state of excitement disturbing to others, and to himself distracting. But whatever the Immediate cause may be, cat fits are due primarily to a disposition to magnify trifles and to fret over things not worth worrying about. specimens uve ueeu uescnueu iu me I wnr frftm Th oru ti, "Philosophical Transact.ons." and a . samJs toaT wno wmll(1 trave, and third has its portrait given in an en- I sn-p thelr f reIght by river Jf they were grav tag In Darwin's "Flower Garden" assllred of accommodations even near and its history told in the florid verse ; ,y approac.hng those furnished by the J. ...WOr. .'. i railroads. The steamers I mean to .ine "laniD is a natural production, greatly helped, in the development of W. C McDonald of Montreal Has Done Mnch for Education in Canada. No one has done more for the cause of education In Canada than William C. McDonald, whose picture appears here. Mr. McDonald's gifts to McGill University, in Montreal, the leading educational institution in Canada, amount to the princely sura of $1,G50, 000. His latest gift to the university is a fine new chemistry, mining and architecture building, which will be formally opened next week by the gov ernor general of Canada-. Mr. McDonald is one of Montreal's wealthiest and most public-spirited citi zens. He is engaged in the manufac ture of tobacco and conducts an ex tensive establishment. He is connected with other business enterprises, is the largest shareholder in the Bank of Montreal and is a generous giver to charitable institutions. His gifts to McGill University Include $20,000 to the Thomas Workman endowment for mechanical engineering; the W. C. McDonald engineering building, valued at $350,000, with its equipment and an endowment for its maintenance; . the endowment of the chair of electrical en tile particulars in which it most resem bles that creature, by the ingenuity of the natives. The body is a portion of the creeping stem of a species of fern which generally grows as erect as a tree. This stem is densely covered with ! beautiful, jointed silky hairs, of a rich golden color. On the surface next to the ground a few roots are given off, while the ieaves or fronds, as they are called in ferns spring from the upper surface. The fronds reach a height of twelve or four teen feet, and have a long bare stalk before the leaf Is spread out. The Tar- tar takes a suitable part of this ereep- ! Ing stem for a body, deprives it of the roots, and of all the leaf stalks except Tour, which are Intended to be the legs, ; two short ones for the ears, and a ' stump for tfle tail, and then, turning it , upside down, trims the stem, and so ! j produces this marvel of the early ex- j plorers. The fern, known to botanists las the cibotium barometz, is a native j of Eastern Asia; It has been introdueei ! into our conservatories, where It flour-: I ishes, producing, after a" few years' 1 i growth, good six?clmens o the "lamb." j j The silky hairs of this fern form a ! operate will be unlike any that have 3ver( run on the Mississippi. In point of speed they will be far in advance of the river steamer of to-day. At pres ent a boat which makes twelve miles an hour upstream is considered a very W. C. M'DOXALD. gineering with the sum of $40,000; the erection of the Physics Building, val ued at $300,000, and two chairs of physics, with endowments amounting to $1)0.000; the endowment of the fac ulty of law with $150,000; a further sum of $150,000 for the maintenance of PERSPECTIVE OF PASSENGER AND EXPRESS STEAMER. fast craft, and there are few such on The new boats will travel t rhei'k-inír t h í HniV n f lilnnrl ii- onnli-ini. , . rlI.J ,u6 I . . ....,.i ! 4i me rn er. i , . , , t ue way as I at the rate of from fifteen to eighteen ; "i vuy :va ate ustu vy some peo ple in tins country. The more fibrous and elastic hairs of several species of i the same group, natives of the Sand , wich Islands, are largely exported from j these islands to California and Austra ! lia for stuffing cushions and for similar : purposes. Philadelphia Times. Advantages of Worrying a Little. Don't join a Don't Worry Club. Don't try not to worry a little. While con tentment Is a pleasing virtue, the peo ple you know who are contented would be better off if they worried more. Ab solute contentment and Indifference to the possible troubles of to-morrow will lead any one to the poor house. The cow doesn't worry, neither does the clam; but people are built to worry, and it was intended that they should. On the other hand, If you worry much It will land you In the Insane asylum. It is the insane asylum on the one hand and the poor farm on the other. The point is to worry Just enough to keep out of both of them. Atchison Globe. miles an hour upstream and from twenty-one to twenty-four miles an hour downstream. Each boat will be steel hulled, with a length of 300 feet and 50 feet beam. Their draught will be 32 inches light and 3(5 inches loaded. This will enable them to run even when the water is at its lowest stage. Their holds . will be furnished by airtight eompart- I A Shrewd Collector. ; ,ijents, like those of ocean steamers, An odd way of gettirg Into business j rendering them practically unsinkable. I was adopted by a Cincinnati agent. it is estimated that the cost of each I His shrewdness drew the line pretty ; passenger steamer will be $200,000, and . closely between inadvertency and petty j t nave ten times that amount pledged I larceny. He had secured the position , hy merchants In every river town from vi cuiiec-iur lur a. uivi uou liiu uuuse anu i pauj to New Orleans, including in the line of his duties he made some ! many prominent St. Louisans. forty or fifty call, per day on delta- sav of tinle will hot en. quent customers He made it a point fl of the boatB to borrow a lead pencil from each one " , 4. , ... . 0.Q,i . . . , . . . . . r . . Forty naphtha tenders will be operated with which to do his figuring. These; ' ... ki he never returned unless asked to do ! In connection with the line to obviate so. Of course, no suspicion attached' " "7-L 'L ! mite uu iintTu)iTi a . . i. -"v- to him on so trivial a matter, for for getfulness In regard to lead pencils is i recognized as a human failing. Nearly I every one he secured was long enough ! to pass muster as a new pencil, and tenders will patrol the river, collecting freight, express matter and passengers, and will meet the steamer in mid stream. There will be a short stop The World's Wheat King. The wheat king of the world resides In Argentina, according to the Boston Traveler. He is an Italian emigrant, named Gun zone, and his broad acres are situated in the south of the prov ince of Buenos Ayres. His crop occu pies an area of Ct,270 acres. He num bers his workmen by the thousand, and each one receives a certain share of the profits. When his season's crop is har vested he fills over 3,000 railway trucks with the grain. after "collect.ng L000 in this way he ! "hn Pasengers are taken on Freight Weary Wraggs So de woman start ed fer yer wid an ax, and yer skipped? Do yer t'ink she meant murder? Trot ter Long Well, I'm willing ter give her de benefit uv de doubt; but I thought she meant work! Puck. and express matter can be taken on while the boats are running at full speed, the result being a great saving i of time. The tenders are being built ! at Madison, Ind., and the upper struc i tures and machinery at Jeffersonville, Ind. The strong feature of the line will ! be that a steamer will leave St. Louis every day, and there will be no disap- . pointments. here it now takes seven No Explanation Handy. 1 days to make the run from St. Louis to A little girl rebuked her brother for New Orleans, the- new steamers will laughing at a man with a crooked nose ! cover the distance In two and one-half who passed the nonse. "You inusn't I days, and make the round trip in less secured a contract for furnishing lead pencils to a country school. One of ; the advantages of his bid was that he offered to furnish pencils already I sharpened. From this start his prog- loss was rapid and a basis was thus furnished for a commodious stationery store from which he derives a comfort able Income. do that," she said. "God made him that way." "Why, do you s'pose he did it?" asked the small boy with in terest. "Oh, I don't know," responded the little sister, indifferently. "Pe pie do funny things." than a week. The trip to St Paul which now consumes four days, will be made in thirty-eight hours." Mr. Liemke firmly believes that with faster and better boats and punctual service, with the freight and passenser the Engineering Building; the sum of $50,000 toward the endowment of the pension fund, aud $500.000 for the erec tion of the new building for chemistry, mining and architecture, which will be opened next week. BICYCLE IDEAS. s.- A Valve less Tire and a Gear that Max Be Quickly Changed. Here is shown the Protean gear, which by an expanding action In the large sprocket w-heel enables the gear to be changed by back-pedal action at the will of the rider. The new French tire is easy to put on and take off; the initial Joint, or seal, is made without the help of any air-pressure, and In case of puncture It can be ridden any dis tance without the least fear of coming off or injuring the rims. The lips which make the air-joint are, as will be seen from the illustration, vertical In the rim, and. to inflate, the nose of the pump Is just forced through a hole in PROTEAN GEAR AND VALVKI.ESS TIRE. the rim, so that It passes' about three quarters of the way up, when the lips separate to let the air pass in, and close of themselves as soon as the pump stroke Is finished. Miles or Tunnels. The tunnels of the world are estimat ed to number about 1,142, with a total length of 514 miles. Distance Is often responsible for lasfa ins friendships.