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FARM AND ORCHARD
r- . i , T M A.t jome interesting iicws iur inc i Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN, i A Few Sensible Hlnta to Salt the Bunj Agriculturist. Items That Hay Benefit Our Readers. CROPS AND MARKETS. Farmers throughout Southern Cali fornia are again beginning to look somewhat anxiously for rain. The winds which followed the recent show ers have dried a good deal of the moisture out of the ground, at the : same time causing some damage to i oranges, in exposed sections. Mean time grain and grass have made a j good growth. Feed has started on the j hills, and pasture is improving fast. Seeding continues, though the work is nearly finished. I Oranges are in good demand and 1 picking and shipping have progressed steadily. There is little doing in dried fruits. Prices are firm, but unchanged. Stocks are running low. In the local produce markets eggs have been weaker. Butter is also weak. Quotations will be found on the com mercial page. For quantity and quality of both milk and meat. The center of production of the Cotentin of Normandy is com prised in the department of the Eure. Manche Calvados and Orne. They rank among the largest of the large breeds. Brindle on white ground is the characteristic color. They are large milkers, yielding rich, luscious milk, making fragrant, nutty butter, keeping sweet a long time. Cows of this breed have given thirty-five and even fifty quarts in twenty-four hours. They are milked at 6 a.m., 12 m., and 7 p. m. The average for a herd of 340 days is 6000 pounds. The Cotentin milk gives two and one-half pounds of but ter from thirty-two quarts. The French reckon by kilograms two and one-fifth pounds. I have often tested these cows at their native homes. The Cotentin butter brings 75 cents per pound the year round in Paris. Doubtless the rich Normandy pas tures exert a favoring influence. But from what I know of Normandy and what I have thus far learned of Cali fornia irrigated pastures, I may say that these are very similar in food yielding excellence and richness." DEAN OF ILLINOIS TEACHERS. Mr. Wood worth Has Tanjht Twenty elght Years in the ame School. Mrs. Louise L. Woodworth, of Dixon, 111., has the unusual record of having taught school for twenty-eight conseeu-l tive years in the same school and the; same building, a record unexcelled in any other school or by any teacher in the state! Mrs. Woodworth has the THE MARKET FOR OLIVE OIL. The articles that have been pub lished in this department of late re garding the olive industry in Califor nia, in which some discouraging opin ions have been expressed by some growers regarding the future of the industry, have attracted much atten tion throughout the country. Robert S. Brown, president of the Occidental Oil company of New York, writes in an encouraging manner regarding the market for pure olive oil. Mr. Brown's communication follows: "I have read today in the oil press to Drug Reporter of New York, ex tracts from your paper and from the San Francisco Chronicle relating to the culture and sale of olive oil, and the olive. As to the culture of the olive tree, I know little or nothing, and it remains for your subscribers to determine that question. As to the market value of the oil many errors appear in the article. Olive oil is an article of commerce that is older than you or I. It can be sold for what it is. regardless of all other vegetable oils as it commands its own price. "As to the unknown producer being obliged to accept an extremely low price. It is not a fact. The very low est price of the lowest grade of olive oil of known purity, is at present about 50 cents per gallon here, and from that figure it sells in bulk in New York up to $1.50 per gallon. Italy, Spain and France grow the olive, and supply the market here, and it sells in lots of 100 to 500 barrels. "Even after all the oil has been ex pressed a further value is obtained by filtration, the commercial article known as olive oil foots being pro duced, which sells here at 3to 4 cents per pound for soap making ,and finds ready sale. "In view of the foregoing is it wise to destroy the olive tree? I think not. In these days of closer economy than of former years, advantage must be taken in utilizing all the products of the olive. Let us not, because a few gallons only can be sold at fancy prices, come to the conclusion that the industry is not worth following. "In conclusion, I beg to state that I have no pecuniary interest to foster in making olive oil, but am prompted solely by a desire to see olive culture in your state reach success. The olive oil market is all right. Your plant ers must determine for themselves the question of olive culture." Los An geles Times. GROUND BOXES AND PEPPER. Every ' farmer's table furnishes enough bones in the course of a year to provide all needed for an ordinary flock of fowls; these thould be saved and not thrown away, as is often the tase. If no crushing can be obtained burn tfce bones, pf.erward crush. I am glad to note that the bone-cutting ."La chino is being ivjcá on many farms, as the benefit cf thus utilizing bones n egg-production is being generally rec ognizee'. Pi-rtics possessing larg-:-sUed benc-cuuing machines would be benefiting themselves and neighbors also by doing jcl work at a certain price per poiind. As cold weather draws near, give minced red peppers or cayenne in soft food at least once a week; this will be found especailly beneficial during the cold, rainy season. It is not advisable to try to force hens to lay by feeding only egg-producing foods during the molting season. While nature is re newing the dress or covering of the body an extra drain is made upon the constitution; and nitrogenous foods should be the diet, as bone meal, meat scraps, grain, etc. Nature requires a rest. Very few hens will lay when "feathering out;" we have had a few such, but they were extra layers bright, active and of the "barnyard strain." The Asiatics are too lazy and stupid, so do not expect it of them. A. C. McPherson in Country Gentleman. MRS. I.OUI.1K L. WOODWORM. j F. J. WATTRON, Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals Y Fancy and Toilet Articles. Y Jeweliy, Brushes, Perfumery, Soaps, Combs, Glass, Put'tv, Patent JVIedieines I'! 7 ;: Oils, j- Varnishes, ', Paints, I Cutler', I Wines. ;! Liquors, ';! Cigars, 'i Confectionery. FRUITS OF ALL KINDS. MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. TRUE INDIAN CORN. Three or four years since an Indian mound in Arkansas was being exca vated, when an earthen jar was found hermetically sealed that contained a small quantity of grains of Indian corn. Some of the grains were the next year planted in Missouri and several bushels raised. On the top of the mound from which the jar was dug out a large tree four feet in diameter was growing, and it is thought the corn lay buried about 3000 years. Squire James L. Neal, one of the most prosperous and progressive farmers sent and procured a small quantity of the corn, paying over 2 cents a grain. This he planted last year, but the yield was small on the account of the drought. He saved enough, however, to get a good patch this year. He has used it for roasting ears, and says it. is the best he ever had. The ears are not large, but grow two or three on a sin gle stalk. The one thing peculiar about this corn is its color, or, rather, colors. On the same cob are grains of different colors, and in the row you can find an ear that is white, another blood red, one a salmon color, and an other perfectly black. Harrodsburg, (Ky.,) Sayings. born faculty of teaching and keeps right up to date in her methods. She is not only a capable teacher, but a lady of refinement and culture, with a kindliness of nature that endears her to her pupils, who devotedly love her. Mrs. Woodwortb has been a widow for the whole length of time that she has taught, and, with all her school duties promptly accomplished, has brought up auil educated her son and daughter, both of whom are married and settled in life. During this more than quarter of a century this capable woman has conducted the domestic affairs of he,: home after the best methods of the practical housekeeper, making of home management a labor of love, during which the suggestions for new ideas to be carried out in the schoolroom co operated with the ho::st'b';ld task. Mrs. Woodworth has the pVasure of teach ing the children of this.; who were once her pupils, and takes the same kind interest in their early educational trials. She' is principal of the Third Ward schools, and her long term of ser vice has been in the primary grade of of the Third Ward schools. Her en thusiasm In her lifework is contagious, and her pupils emulate her in the ex ample of faithful attention to duty. WEALTH MADE HIM PROMINENT. The EQUITABLE Life Assurance Society Of The United States Outstanding Assurance December 31, 1897 9951,165,837.0o New Assurance written in 1897. . 56,955,693.00 Proposals for Assurance Examined and Declined 34,491,973.00 Income 48,573,269.35 Assets, December 31, 1897 236,876,301.04 Reserve on all existing Policies (4 per cent standard) and all other liabilities 186,333, 133. 20 Surplus, 4 per cent standard 50,543,174.84 Paid Policy Holders in 1897 21,106,314.14 LARG ESTMost Insurance in Force. STRONGEST-Lansest Surplus. BEST"Pays Death Claims Prompter. Pars Larger DiYidenfls ($1.000,000 lore flnring last in years.) Issues Better Policies. Walter N. Parktiurst, General Manager, SESiS!. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO. C. 0. ANDERSON, Local Agent, Holbrook, A. T. JULIUS WETZLER The Late Baron Rothichild Was a Man of Mediocre Mentality. Baron Ferdinand James de Roths child, who died in London not long since, was one of the most mediocre oí this influential family of Croesuses, though he did gain some political prom inence and was a member of Parlia ment when he died. He was born in Paris in 183!) and was educated In the Austrian capital. Early In his young , manhood he removed to England, where one branch of this famous fam- j ily has long resided. Baron Koths- child conceived a liking for politics and j was made a memlier of Parliament at a bye election in 18S5. Ht sat for Ayles bury until the general election of the same year and was returned. In 1886 Tuiouist. He was re-elected for the same constituency in 1892 and 1895. In 1SSS he was made high sheriff of Buck inghamshire and was a deputy lieuten- -WHOLESALE AND RETAIL- I General Merchandise NAVAJO BLANKETS Highest Market Price Paid for Hay. CAI'ITAL, élOO.OOO.OO THE DAIRY. A. S. Heath, M. D., writes from Car pintería in regard to a new French breed of cattle, which will shortly be introduced in this section by his broth er Russell Heath of Carpintería. After referring to the importance of careful grading of stock, Mr. Heath says: "It has ever been my aim and pur pose to commend the good found in any and all of the breeds of our do mestic animals, while at the same time I cheerfully point out the best for the pubile good. The best is none too good; The best is most satisfactory and prof itable. This is equally true of every breed of animals. If it is possible to obtain two cows in one skin, let us seek, and find, and keep that kind of cows; for such only pay. We are com plaining every day of the low price of all kinds of live stock. Who is to blame? Is it the consumer? No. Who Is it? It Is the producer. "The great trouble with farmers is they keep too much unprofitable stock. It Is quality, not quantity, that com mands good prices and yields paying profits. Good stock, good care, good feed, are the sources from which prof it is derived. And if we breed, let us breed for a special purpose. For breed ing is both an art and a science. Se lection of parentage is the key to suc cessful breeding. Chance or haphazard breeding Is futile. For economy.grad ing up, on tne very same principles of breeding as for pure breeds, should always govern grading. "I commend the Cotentin cattle of Normandy. France, for two superior excellences, to any other breed, viz.: ERRORS IN IRRIGATION. At the recent gathering in Redlands Prof. Hilgard of the University of: California. said some interesting things in regard to mistakes that are frequently made in irrigating. Among other things Prof. Hilgard said: j "It is notorious that we grow crops , nere without irrigation that would be impossible in the East. In the South- ; ern States the cotton crop is a failure j unless it rains every seven or eight days. Six inches of soil is as little as we ought to have to secure the great est amount of moisture. Over-irriga- tion has done more harm than any other practice found among farmers. ; Too much water is used. Trees are ; made less productive and permanent j injury is done. The trouble with the i basin system on citrus trees is that it causes foot rot. because of the water being too cold. The temperature of the water and that of the soil should not : differ very much. Without a knowl- edge of the sub-soil not a tree should j be planted." He demonstrated this by some illus- I trations which proved it beyond a ! doubt. ' "Every irrigator should know what ! depth water will penetrate in a given I time. It is not at Riverside that he has seen the most over-irrigation of or ange groves. The trees throughout this section are too shallow-rooted, owing to the frequent irrigation." All men were doomed to earn their bread By toil from day to day: But here and there is some one now, Who has a better way. He shrewdly looks about him and Proceeds to form a trust. And then, while others earn his bread. He tosses them the crust. Chicago News. I BARON ROTUSCHILD, ant and justice of the peace for that county, as well as a member of the county council. Like other members of the Rothschild family, the baron was an enthusiastic collector of art works. Baron Rothschild was personally gen tle, charitable and most democratic for a person of such vast wealth. He was stimulated to philanthropy for love of his dead wife, whose memory he hon ored even to the extent of erecting monuments to her In public places. His career in Parliament was not conspcu ous. The Vanderbtlt Brothers. Cornelius Vandorbilt carries no sug gestion of aggressiveness, of im petuosity, of pride in and ambition for daring or brilliant coups. William K. Vandorbilt as he grows older more and more suggests the temperament, the ag gressiveness, the persistency of his grandfather, the Commodore. His man ner Is that of the Imperious and often Impetuous business man. In his busi ness hours he tempers his conduct by no etiquette that is conventional aud no courtesy that Is unnecessary. Phila delphia Press. Bank of Gommeree in ñlbuqaerque, 'JL fl. DALE I.N FJSiaV EXCHANGE AND IS'Js '.irr.2 t Í Or CREDIT. Solicits Accounts and offers to Depositors Every Facility Consistent with Profitable Banking. DIRECTORS: M. S OTERO, President, J. C. BALBRIDGE, Lumber, W. LENORD Capitalist. B. SCHUSTER, Vice-President, A. EISEMAXX.Eisemann Bros. Wool. W. S. STRICKLER, Cas'r, A. M. BLÁCKWELL, Gross, BlackwellACo., Grocers, II. J. EMERSON", Assistant Cashier, W. A. MAXWELL, Wholesale Druggis, DEPOSITORY for ATCHISON, T0PEKA 4 SANTA FE RAILWAY WILLIAM ARMBRUSTER, I-Practical Blacksmith and Wheelright,-! NORTH SIDE OF RAILROAD AVENUE, IIOLT3ROOK, ... ARIZONA. All Out of Town Work Will Recieve Prompt Attention If you have a wheel to fill or a tire to set, bring it to me and get good service for your money. 55 WORK GUARANTEED TO SUIT YOU.