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HONORS A HERO.
fennsTlvania'a Tribute to Hartranft, Soldier and Statesman. The statue of Gen. Hartranft, which stands in front of the cew Capitol Building, In Harrisburg, Pa was re cently unveiled with proper cere monies and a pa rade. Gen. Miles and members . of uie cuuinei were present This monument has been erected by the State of Pennsylvania at a GIN. HABTBANFT. cost Of $18,000. The sculptor has not modeled the hero on the field of battle leading his division in a charge or encourag ing his men during one of the many sanguinary struggles fougb Tritt Tarying success by the Arms, ef the Potomac The "hero of Fort Stead man" is represented returning to bis THE HABTBAKFT MOSÜMEKT. native town amid the plaudits of the populace, who strew the way with laurel and with palm. The gesture of the soldier proclaims that he is an swering the salutations of the public; th mntinn nf hi iTifl fnnt:lininff Ilia cap is arrested at the end of the sweep I that lifted It from his head. GREATEST BEAUTY OF PARIS. Leaves a Music Hall to Become the Bride of a Proud Rnaaian Prince. The most peted and admired staSe beauty In Paris, La Caval eri is now a j tpnucess. rur wuuiue pusi jrrim:e nai- i latinski, a young Russian of a famous family and of great wealth, has been wooing the pretty Parlsienne, and finally won her hand and heart After their marriage the couple went to Rome. Prince Bariatinski comes of a family that is now and has long been very prominent In Russia. The Bariatin- skis are now very rich and possess cas- ties, estates, mines and other proper ties throughout Russia. The Princess Bariatinski, who has hitherto been known by no other name than La Cavalieri, is a rare beauty. For a long time the Parisians have been raving over the beauty of this woman. As a singer she was not much of a success, but her remarkable beau- ty always attracted a large concourse to the hall where she appeared. Mo IO ng-Distance Wooer. Rudyard Kipling's maternal grand father was Rev. George E. Macdonald. It is related of him that In the days when he was courting the lady whom be afterward married the father-in-law-to-be an aged Methodist, with ex tremely strict notions in regard to the properties was injudicious enough on one occasion to enter the parlor without giving any warning of his approach. The consequence was that he found the sweethearts occupying a single chair. Deeply shocked by this spectacle, the old man solemnly said: "Mr. Macdon ald, when I was courting Mrs. Brown she sat on one side of the room and I on the other." Macdonald's reply was: "That's what I should have done if I had been courting Mrs. Brown." Quick Photography. ( A Sheridan (Mo.) photographer says he has discovered a process by means of which a proof of a photograph may be taken within a few moments after the sitting. What has become of the old-fashioned woman who laid aside the cakes and fruit 6he received at a party to take nomevto her children .' If a man leaves no debts to bis chil dren he leaves an inheritance that If eood enough. LA CAVALIERI. ! i FACTS ABOUT jjj THE PHILIPPINES, i I HE Philippines are essentially heterogenous. Some of the islands are mountainous, and others are flat; some are muddy, syampy, and feverish, others are porous limestone, well-drained and healthy; some are en tirely wooded, some are entirely bare. The inhabitants present like diverg ence. The Moros of the south are war like, active, intelligent, with a civiliza tion as advanced as Turkey's. The i Negritos are a diseased and dying pig I my tribe, absolutely animal in their ex ! istence, less advanced than any known people. The term "Filipino" embraces Manila rabble and secluded Islanders, ! mountaineers and seamen, priests and I the cannibals. It is necessary, there ; fore, to use only the broadest terms In I describing the group collectively. ! The archipelago is a group of 1,200 i Islands situated in the Pacific Ocean, i extending from latitude 21 degrees : north to 4 degrees 45 minutes north. ! Its length is thus about 1,000 miles; its ' greatest width is 640 miles; the total i land area, aproximately, 115,000 square j miles. The nearest mainland Is Asia, I 300 miles to the northeast. San Fran I cisco is 8,000 miles to the west The ' archipelago lies wholly within the line I of Capricorn and the equator. Its ! characteristics, food products, and peo- pie are tropical. ; The climate is hot and moist; regu ; lar observations have been taken only ' at Manila, where the temperature has I been found to vary betwin CO and 100 degrees. The excessive humidity 1 makes this degree more difficult to en : dure than in the temperate zones. As one progresses toward the swampy, low-lying islands farther south the heat- especially the humidity, In- There are two seasons, the wet and dry the former lasting from June to November being the most disagree able and dangerous to health. Fever a ad dysentery are the diseases most b fore5 but dangerou8 Iocalltíeg are known ana mfly nvnlded. The Philippines are the seat of na ture's passions. Earthquakes are com mon and violent; the volcanoes are the most dangerous in the world. Luzon Is the cradle of that terrible sea storm, the typhoon. Islands' External History. On Aug. 10, 1519, there started from Spain with a fleet of five ships Fer nando Magellan, a Portuguese navi gator. His object was to discover a passage from Europe, west to the Pa cific. Magellan had vainly endeav ored to Interest the King of Portugal In his project; had become a naturalized Spaniard, and had obtained from Charles I., of Spain the wherewithal to equip his fleet He reached the western coast of South America in December and turned south. As the season became harsher and. the weather colder the ships' commanders mutined, desirin to winter on shore. One was executed. another marooned. However, one ship did desert and another was wrecked. With three ships the great explorer con tinued south, and on Oct 28, 1520, passed through the Straits of Magel lan to the waters of the Pacific. He : now shaped his course west by north, and In midsummer, 1521, reached Min danao, of which he took possession In the name of the King of Spain. He I next landed at Cebu, in August 1521, ! and was welcomed by the king of the : Inland. This monarch was baptized and took the oath of allegiance to j Spain. Shortly after Magellan be ; came involved In a factional quarrel j between two native chieftains and was , killed. Many members of the expedi j tlon had died, but the remainder, with two ships, again sailed west and dis ! covered Palawan. Later one of the ; t"0 wa8 ost but the other plucklly : continued its way and made the first . complete journey around the world. In 1500, under the direction of Philip n., the second Spanish expedition reached the islands. The object was the saving of native souls; inquisition methods were employed, and conver sions, though not valuable, were nu merous. In 1571 Manila was seized and proclaimed the capital of the Islands, to be called henceforth the Islas Filipinos, In honor of King Philip. The Chinese Emperor resented the Intrusion into celestial domains. Be tween 1573 and 1575 he sent forth ten expeditions to oust the Spaniards. Severe battles followed, but the Euro : peana managed to keep their foothold. They never, however, forgave the Chi 1 nese these "attempts. At various tines fits of resentment against Chinese ; blood would sweep over the Spaniards ! and crusades were organized In order to kill or drive them out In 1603 23, 000 were murdered, and in 1C39 35,000. j In 1762 England took Manila from Spain, but peace was soon proclaimed, i and the islands were returned. i The natives have been apt to revolt , at any time. When they did so Spain ; used fire and sword liberally, not only i subdue, but to punish after surren jer- Besonrcea of the Islands. The resources of the islands are Taxied. Bice was Introduced fro in s: o í sr BORNEO China centuries ago. It has since be come the staple food of the natives on account of the ease with which it is produced. The quality is excellent At present all the rice produced is con sumed in the islands, but much good land is not cultivated. Sugar cane Is grown extensively throughout the archipelago. Of late years beet sugar has cut into the profits of this business, but with the removal of the various Spanish export taxes, with the supersedence of buffalo power by steam, and with the opening up of the back country by railroads, or at least highroads, the Philippine planta tions will reduce the present Have meyer prices. Abaca, or hemp, is grown widely. The gathering of abaca is an' operation necessitating considerable care and conscientiousness. The natives pos cess neither of these qualifications, and, employing primitive methods, ruin the finer fiber of the plant Observers say that machinery capable of preserv ing these delicate fibers is feasible. In that case abaca could be used for gar ments, napkins, sheets, and even hand kerchiefs. At present the hemp Is used chiefly for sails, doormats, and rope. The Philippines will probably retain a practical monoply of this crop; its cultivation has been attempt ed in many other places, but never suc cessfully except in the extreme north ern part of Borneo. Native tobacco has always been in digenous to, Luzon, but the quality is strong and bitter. Early in the seven teenth century missionaries introduced the Mexican plant with great success. Tobacco plantations multiplied; the business became more and more pros perous until in 17S1 it was made a state monopoly. Laws were enacted that all sales should be to the government A planter might not smoke a cigar of his own make under penalty of $7 fine. The government was not always prompt to pay for goods received; na tives refused to cultivate their land and fled to the mountains; soldiers fol lowed and killed whom they found; at night the natives returned again and fired the crops In the field. In this way MIndoro's once flourishing business has been annihilated. Spain now took an other step; not only must all tobacco raised be sold to the state buyers (on credit), but every family should own and care for at least 4,000 tobacco plants. The abuses resulting from this last statute became so horrible that even Spanish officials protested to the home government; the Cas till an statesmen, realizing the sponge waa squeezed .dry, repealed the monopoly sL?-.s C É Z JS M E 3 sississJr SEA COMPREHENSIVE MAP OF THE PHILIPPINE laws In 1882. Even under such aus pices the tobacco remained excellent Since the business has been open it has increased tremendously. Manila num bers scores of factories native, Chi nese, and Spanish; several of them have over 500 operatives. Coffee is grown to a considerable ex tent; the quality is unusually good. Little, however, finds its way out of the archipelago. The cocoa plant was Introduced from Central America early in the seventeenth century. Philippine chocolate is always spoken of well by returned travelers. Various minerals are found in paying quantities. Especially is this true of Luzon and Mindanao. Gold and sul phur will prove of value to prospec tors; silver, mercury, copper and tin have furnished returns, but the extent of the deposits is a matter of Investiga tion. On many Islands the ax has never been raised against the immense virgin forests; In few have Its depredations been extensive. Over a hundred differ ent varieties of wood have been classi fied. Among them we find teak; naga. resembling mahogany; tipolo, for mu sical instruments; lanitan, for guitars and violins; boxwood, ebony and bam boo. The Inhabitants. The inhabitants of these islands are a strangely mixed lot Malay charac teristics generally prevail throughout The many attempts to classify the peo ples Into various district tribes and races have failed, for the reason that pure blood of any sort is rare. It is safest to divide the native Fill pinos into Christianized Malays, pagan Malays, and Mohammedan Malays. The first named comprise five and a half millions of the total population of eight millions. They resemble our ne groes in many ways. They are music lovers, fond of the sunshine, supersti tious. Though usually good-natured, they are subject to fits of murderous passion. Nature, in the tropics is so Industrious that man need not assist her to any great extent In order to live comfortably. The Filipino will not work as long as he is not about to starve. When he has made enough to live on for a nsonth or two the ex-laborer re tires to his thatched hut smokes his cigarettes, fights his gamecock, strums his guitar, and sings love songs to his wife or sweetheart The natives of the northern islands are called Tagalos. They are the small est and least brave, but also most treacherous and tricky of the Filipinos, and always have been reckoned as the poorest fighters; have always been most completely under Spain's domina 0 CE A Nr ISLANDS. tion, and have suffered most accord ingly. The central group of islands Is term ed the Vlsaya group. The Inhabitants called Visayos are somewhat larger, stronger, more Independent than th Tagalos. The difference, however, It far less marked than between our dif ferent Indian tribes. Travelers, In or der to strengthen the force of theli distinctions and comparlosns, are apt to push them a little far. The sharply drawn distinction between the Taga los and the Visayoss is not justified. The Moros or Mohammedan Malayi aggregate less than a million. Thej inhabit the Sulu group at the south ot the archipelago, parts of Mindanao, and the southern third of Palawan. One Sultan, whose residence Is Sulu, is acknowledged throughout these isl ands. The Moros are a fierce, fanati cal, seafaring race, who were never conquered by Spain. It is unsafe for a white man to venture among them. To kill Christians is part of their re ligious belief. The aborigines of the Islands are the Negritos, a puny, miserable, dwarl race. As the Malays swept up through the archipelago the Negritos were driven into the most remote and uncov eted parts. Though not of true negro stock, they are much blacker than the Malays, and their inteligence Is fai' lower. The total number is estimated at 50,000. Island of Luzon. Luzon is the largest, most populous, most developed, and most civilized ol the Philippines. It has an area of 42, 000 square miles, or over one-third the whole area of the archipelago, about five-eighths of the whole population, the only railroad, and the only factor ies. It is the seat of the capital, and it contains fifty times as many foreign ers as all the rest of the islands put to gether. Luzon is supposed to support 5,000,000 inhabitants. Of these, 80 pet cent, are civilized to a certain extent In development Luzon, though the most advanced of the Philippines, is disgracefully backward. There is one little, badly managed railroad, 120 miles in length. The highroads, twen ty miles inland, are either lacking alto gether or are merely trails. There ar no fiat-bottomed steamers on the largei rivers, though they could do a thriving business. The sugar mills are operated by buffalo power. In consequence, par tially exhausted sugar land near Man ila, or other ports, brings over $100 an acre, while further back in the coun try land a third more fertile brings $30. A coincidence is the antiquated plea of the plagiarist.