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C. O. ANDERSON, Publisher.
HOLBKOOK, ARIZONA Possibly political combines are called rings because they are not square. Unfortunately the position Canada wants to take In this boundary dispute Is on our side of the line. Ordinarily a business enterprise gets' what It can Individually, but when a trust Is formed they get together. An improved style of .$2 bill is to be Issued, but it will probably slip through the fingers as easily as the old kind. Some will say .since the shoemakers and glovers are going to form trusts, the nation may be further bound hand and foot in these things. The woman who married the lawyer who had won her suit for her probably thought she might just as well tu-n everything over to him In a lump. 'V It is believed there is no law to fit the béfense of that mother who flagged a fast train in order to reach the bed ' Bide of the child she thought was dy ing. Perhaps if William Waldorf Astor had known elevation to the peerage was impossible ho might not have be come a naturalized Britisher; he is In the attitude of the man who has pur chased a large-sized gold brick. For nations, as for individuals, enough is as good as a feast. Appar ently some Englishmen think so, for the House of Commons apnlauded the assertion, repeatedly made by mem bers of both parties, that no one desires to add another square mile to British territory. , Some people will be . just mean enough to rejoice over the statement of the conite d'Astorga, from whose fam ily W. W. Astor claims descent, that there was no Jean Jacques d'Astorga, who, a Huguenot, was born in France In 1C44 and fled to Germany later, be coming the founder of the American Astors. The count professes to be very sorry. He Is aristocratic, but poor, and a coustnship with William Waldorf might we don't say it would prove to bis advantage. To no nation Is the opening of twenty-two of its ports and harbors by Japan more important than to the Uui ted States. Until Commodore Perry an chored United States warships in a .Japanese harbor In 1854 and practical ly compelled a treaty recognizing other nations, Japan had been closed to the rest of the world. During the last twenty years no nation has made greater progress than Japan. Now It is ambitious to be counted as one of the commercial nations. The story that comes from the Klon fiikc is not so rose-colored as were the - stories told about this El Dorado when the boom was on. The gold product of the last year is reported to have been only $10,000,000, or one-half the amount estimated, and sickness and destitu tion arc thinning out the adventurers. The gamblers are apparently the only successful gold seekers in the region. The statement that reports from Alas ka Indicate that more gold will be found there tha.n will ever coinc out of the Klondike may, lviwever, only mean that the transportation com panies reaching Alaska arc cudeavor- ' ing to work up a boom for themselves at the Klondike's expense. Cunninghams Graham, himself a saucy Scot, thus gives the genesis of the modern Englishman: "Saxon sto lidity, Celtic guile. Teutonic dullness and Norman pride, all tempered with east wind, baptized with mist, narrow ed by Insularity, swollen with good fortune,' and rendered overbearing b. wealth, have worked together "to pro duce the ty"po." Not by any means a good-natured sketch, . or a strictly truthful one, but If moral and mental heredity Is insisted upon, the multiplex origin of English character must ac count for what is strong and good in it as well as for what Is weak and bad. As for English-America, the daughter nation, it lias become the great amal gamator of the world, absorbing almost every strain of Gentile blood. Yankee character is British plus two hundred and eighty years. The percentage of Illiteracy is higher hi the Southern States and New Mex ico and Arizona than In any other sec tion of the country. That Is due In the former to the large number of unedu cated colored people; in the latter to the Mexican population. -Nebraska la the banner State for education. Only 8.11 per cent, of the population of over 10 years of age are unable to r?ad and write. Wyoming Is second, with a percentage of 3.41; Iowa third, 3.01, and Kansas fourth. 3.99. Compared with this tho percentage of illiterates In Massachusetts Is 6.22, exactly double that of Nebraska. In New York State it is 5.53 and in Connecticut a little less, 5.28. In Ohio it Is 5.24 and in Illinois 5.25. This is due chiefly to the foreign population in the large cities and In manufacturing centers. The farmers of Kansas, Nebraska and Iowa never fail to send their children to school, while the slums of Boston, New York, Chicago and other large cities are filled with Bohemians, Hun garians, Italians and other immigrants who do not value education, and can not read and write. The servant girl has a new champion In no less a person that Professor Cum mings of Harvard University, whose paper on the subject is the outcome of much research and thought The ser gant girl question is an old one; wom en have tried to solve it, but In an un systematic way, which has resulted only In spasmodic reforms. Professor Cummings' suggestion is to place do mestlc service in the lineof a trade, governed by a union, which shall reg ulate hours and scale of wages, and by which the rights of employers and em ployes shall be defined and protected. It Is more and more becoming a recog nized fact that no advance can be made In domestic service until the assumed degradation which at present attends It is removed. Should servants not re side In the house, but come dally to the duties which begin and finish at regu lar hours, it would give the sense of freedom and independence now lack ing and convert the alleged tyrannized sernt into a self-respecting employe, with a better defined social status. Perhaps the time has come for men to take up the solution of a problem which women have failed to find, and if more college men will give their time to it, as has Professor Cummings, we may look for a happy ending to a perplexing controversy. Already census statisticians are spec ulating on the new center of population of the United States to be revealed by the coming census. The steady west ward course of this invisible point for the last half century makes it practic able to determine within reasonable exactness its location next year. In 1S50 It was In West Virginia, south of Parkersburg. Thence it crossed Into Ohio at the next census and traversed that State by slow stages until in 1880 it had reached Cincinnati. In 1890 it crossed into Indiana, still close ly following the thirty-ninth parallel, and reached a point a few miles south of Greensburg. Its rate of progress westward has been at about the aver age rate of five miles per year, having traveled 505 miles since the taking of the first census. At this rate of prog ress during the coming century It will cross Into Illinois. Some claim, how ever, that this Western march of popu lation will be checked soon and that possibly the next census will mark nearly, if not quite, its extreme West ern advance. Considering the growth óf Western States and Territories, however, this does not seem probable. It is more likely that the limit will be reached somewhere in Illinois the com ing century. Within a few decades Chicago will be the nearest the centci of population of the United States ol any city of consequence, and thus the star of empire will shine in the zenith of the inland metropolis of the coun try. "For the first time in history," writes Hon. A. W. Tourgee, "the world's la bor is able to produce more than the world can consume." This result has been reached by the application of skilled Industry to the development of the ample resources of nature the gift of the All-Father to His human chil dren. Inventive genius planting, har vesting and manufacturing by me chanical methods has made it possible for one man's labor to supply the means of life and comfort to hundreds; and the same inventive genius, calling to its help vast combinations of capital, has created conduits for the distribu tion and exchange of commodities over large spaces of the globe, by land and sea. Naturally, the nations that are most intelligent and enterprising r der the largest service and reap I largest benefits. Naturally, also, a small minority of any population be come captains of Industry, and direct ors of the great financial operations which All tlie sluices of business, nd make the mighty wheels go round. This situation makes two things possi ble. The strong and prosperous na tions have it in their power to crowd and oppress the lower or slower races that still make up the large majority of mankind, and the few men whose genius for management, or advantage of position, places them in the lead, can compel their fellows to pay them undue tributes and to depend on them for permission to live on the planet. In short, we have reached a condition where the human multitudes, by gen erous, equitable dealing, might live with less exhausting laby and more rational happiness than ever before; and yet It Is a condition where the self ish use of power may easily create new and cruel forms of tyranny and serf dom which must be the seeds of con flict and revolution. Ifis a good time for men and nations to ponder ta princiDle. of noblesse oblige. MM. LABORL Wife oí the Wounded Connect for Captain Dreyfu. Mme. Margaret Labori, wife of tbi wounded counsel for Dreyfus, Is re membered In America as the wife of De Pachmann, the Russian pianist, who has coined so many dollars in America. The advocate's wife was an Australian girl, her maiden name be ing Margaret Oakey. Her family went to England when the girl was quite young, and there she soon evinced a wonderful talsnt for music. When she was IS Miss Oakey attended one of Pachmann's concerts in London, and sventually the pianist became her teacher. The impressionable girl fell In love with the Russian. After they were married they came to this coun try, playing in concerts together. Concert-goers found Mme. de Pach mann a beautiful woman. They saw a fine head, splendidly poised and crowned with soft brown hair, loosely coiled. Her face was classic in Its fea tures, her figure lithe and graceful. She played superbly, too, with a fin ished elegance and marvelous bril liancy. Her touch was at all times smooth, and often dainty. It was a great disappointment to music lovers in this country and in Europe when De Pachmann's infidelity forced his wife to sue for divorce. When thii was secured Mme. de Pachmann re tired from the concert stage, and short ly afterward married M. Labori, whose confidante In all' his great cases she since has been. ' HIS HOME IN A TREE. A Michigan Man Who Dwells in a Larve Linden Stamp. Mr. Stears, the occupant of this tre bouse, has spent most of his life in De troit. He was a first-class cabinetmak er, and received the highest wages. He went to Pere Mar quette, Mason Coun ty, about three years ago, and soon made this tree house, which has given him such notoriety. It is a large linden stamp sawed off about fif teen feet from the MR. STEARS. ground. The walls are sealed and pa pered and are covered with nlotures. One circular seat extends around the! room from door to window. Mr. Stears aas an oil stove inside to keep out the Jampness. He plays about fifteen dif !erent musical instruments by note. He has nearly reached the allotted age jrman.'but does not appear to be more than 45 years old. , . Stable Manure. Facts about stable manure, or, rath er, freshly stated conclusions, form an important part of Bulletin 58, Massa chusetts experiment station. Of the three common conditions of barnyard manure, half-rotted manure is the most valuable, and well-rotted manure the least, because of their relative amount of nitrates. Manure should be keptJ packed away from the air as tightly as possible, and if rotted should be plowed under Jxmt before planting, otherwise several months before that time. The more litter used in the manure, the greater liability to loss of nitrogen. The use of bedding material free from de composable organic matter is a means of protection against loss of nitrogen. As a matter of fact, many Intelligent farmers long since reached the conclu sion that manure ft never worth any more than immediately after it is void ed, and that the sooner it can be got onto the land the better. Of course, the sooner this la done the less the liability to loss of nitrogen, irrespective of th kind of bedding used. MADAME LABORI. . 7 HOME OF MR. STEARS. Arizona . Co-Operative Mercantile . Inst. IIOLBROOK, AND SXOWFLAKE Wholesale and Retail Dealers in General Wefehandise Also Proprietors of the Silver Creek Flouring Mills, Agents for the Bain Wagon, Osborne Harvesting Machinery, Oliver Chilled Plows John Deere Plows and Cultivators, Bridge & Beach Superior Stoves and Ranges, Gem of Otero Flour, Cooper's SheejD Dip and Little's Sheep Dip., Your Patronage is always appreciated, no matter 'how small your purchase, you may rest assured it will be our aim tosell you Hie best goods that can be bought for cash, at reasonable prices. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, ALBUQUERQUE, N. Mi Authorized Capital $500,0 Paid-up Capital, Surplus and Profits... $175,000.00 VXX4.J.J.XJ.XXXJ.XXXJ.XJ.J.AJ.J.XJ.XJ.J.J.J.X4.J.J.XJ.AXXJ.XJ.J.J.i.XJ.J.X4.J.J. I Holbrook Livery, Feed, and 4 Transfer Stables Teams at all Hoars fos the Petrified Forest, Jdoqai Vil lages and other Points of Interest to Tourists. Traveling Salesmen taken to any and all parts between Holbrook, Fort Apache and Springerville New and Commodeous Conveyances, Good Teams, Care ful Drivers, Stables on Center Street, one-half block south of Santa Fe Depot. A. M. BOYER, flanager. 4 A PTTtTTtTtTTTTTTtTTTtTTTtti'tTtfTTTTTt'ttTTTTTTTTTT'tt'ttt A. & B. SCHUSTER, HOLBROOK, A. T. flt ST. JOHNS. A. T. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in a a- Groceries, Delicasies, Precisions, Tobacco 5c Cigars Harness &o Saddlery, Hy &c Grain, Paints & Oils, Woodenware, Hardware & Tinware, Crockery &. Glassware Guns &c Amunition, Furniture, Sole Agents íor SCHUTTLER WAGONS an! NORTH OF IRELAND SHEEP DIP Mail Orders Promptly Attended to. Ü. S. DEPOSITORY. n Depository for the Atlantic A and Pacific and the Atch vison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail road Com panys. offers and directors: Joshua Raynolds Pres. v í M. W. FLOuKxoY....Vice-PresO A. A. Keen Cashier Frank McKEE....Ass't Cashier A. A. Geant I FT General Merchandise, Dry Goods, Ñoéions, Fancy Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Furnishing Goods Stationery, Trunks and Valises, , Navajo' Blankets. Lumber, ÁVallpaper.