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THE CHOLERA IN MANILA
HOW THE TERRIBLE SCOURAGE WAS INTRODUCED Panic In Russia Man Shot and Killed In . runken Quarrel White Whale Captured Virginia Sheriff Killed Yaquls Will Fight. Russia has officially handed over the Shan Hi Kwan, the New Chwang rail way, to China. Justice A. H. Ellis of the Kansas Supreme Court, died at Topelta, Kan., very suddenly Thursday night. Plans are being perfected for a com binatiou of a number of the largest jewelry manufacturing firms in New England. John D. Long, ex-Secretary of the Navy, has been chosen president of the Board of Iverseers oi Harvard University. The whaling bark Platina of New Bedford, Mass., reports the capture near Barbadoes of a pure white whale, which made one hundred barrels of oil. In a collision between freight trains on the Pittsburg, Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad, near Pardoe, Pa., four men were killed and two fatally in jured. William Hopkins, a member of the Boston Globe staff, and known under the pen name of "Bud Brier," is dead from pneumonia. His home was at Zanesville, O. John M. Davis was shot and killed by William Norvel at Hinsdale, Mont. The men had been drinking and from joking arose the quarrel. Both men pulled guns. Norvel shot twice, one of the bullets severing the juglar vein. Davis's gun was found cocked and undischarged, having failed to go off. Norvel mounted a, horse and rode off but subsequently returned. While 400 peasants were attending a wedding celebration at Werba near Moscow, Russia, a fire was started from a cigarette and a panic ensued. Women and children were trodden under foot. The fire spread with rapidity, and within a quarter of an hour over 100 of the wedding guests had been suffocated or burned to death mid many had been seriously injured. Cholera In Manila. The bureau of insular affairs of the war department has ' made publics report of the chief quarantine officers of the Philippine islands, dated July 24, 1902, reciting the efforts of the authorities to stamp out the plague and cholera in the islands. The quarantine stations are said to be the best of the Orient and the inspection work has been very neavy. As to the cholera, the report reads: "I wish to state as pertinent to the manner in which cholera was intro duced in Manila, that this city is the greatest vegetable market in the Ori ent. Nearly all these vegetables, potatoes, cabbage, celery and lettuce come from Canton and the West River country adjacent. The Chinese meth ods of fertilizing plants are well known, .and the danger of such articles as cab bage, lettuce and celery, which are often eaten uncooked, is apparent, in view of ;the possibility that a disease like cholera has prevailed in the terri tory in which those have .been grown. Upon the appearance of cholera in Manila, the necessity for protecting the provinces against the introduction of the disease by vessels was apparent, and consequently on March 21 a five days' quarantine was declared on all vessels sailing from Manila for island ports. The same arrangements were applied to United States army transports, since .a large number of troops were being returned at this time. The quarantine has been effective since, although forty five vessels have hud cases of cholera occur on board while serving in quaran tine here, no vessel has had the disease develop after discharge from quaran tine, and no port in the Philippines has ever been infected by vessels from Manila, with the exception of Nueva Caceras, the latter being infected soon after the appearance of the disease in Manila by a vessel that had been per mitted to load in quarantine and sail to Nueva Caceras without the five days' quarantine. It was afterward learned that some of the crew had communi cated with the shore in Manila, one of whom had acquired the infection dur ing the visit and developed the case after the vessel arrived." Virginia Sheriff Killed Deputy Sheriff Watts, "Black Dia mond" and Will Washington, the last two negroes with criminal records, are dead at Glen jean near Thurmond, Va., as a result of a crap same. Diamond shot and killed Washington, and as he was escaping was Bhot and mortaly wounded by Watts. While lying on the ground Diamond shot Watts in turn, killing him. A crowd of 500 people had followed and when they saw what Diamond had done they became fren zied and told him they proposed to fill him with lead. He begged for mercy, which was unheeded, and he was shot to death as he lay on the ground. PUMP IRRIGATION An Object Lesson in Kern County to Those Interested The people of the Delano section of Kern county, realize that in pump irrigation, lies the solution of how to make productive the broad acres of fertile land and the Thomas Pumping plant just finished, furnishes an object lesson that is of interest, not only to residents there, but to outsiders also. The well has an abundant supply, the water standing within 30 feet of the surface. The power is furnished by an 18-horse power gasoline engine and a No. 4 centrifugal pump is used. A steady stream of from 35 to 40 inches of water is raised, and this, too,':without diminishing the supply in the least. It is claimed that about sixty acres of land can be irrigated from the Thomas well, and a twenty acre tract is to be planted to alfalfa this year. TERRIBLE EARTHQUAKE One Town Destroyed and Hundreds of People Killed A dispatch received at Berlin, from Taskend, capital of Russian Turkes tan, reports a terrible earthquake August 22, the shocks continuing until September 3. One hundred persons were killed at Kashgar in Eastern Turkestan; 400 in the village of Astyn, twenty at Jango, while the town of Aksuksitche was complete destroyed. Kashgar, the capital of the province of Sinkian is situated at the confluence of roads leading to Peking, India and the Russian .Empire, and is of con siderable importance. It has a popu lation of 50,000. The Gazetteers men tion the town of Aksu in Eastern Turkestan and say it is a center of trade, the foreign traders, about 100 in number, being mostly Russian subjects. The popluation of the circle about Aksu is given at 180,000. There are 4000 houses in the town itself. Five Thousand a Ton One oi the richest strikes ever made in the Grass Valley mining disttict is reported at a mine near that city. It is current rumor that a strike of tellurium has been made assaying $5000 to the ton. IN FIELD OF HUSBANDRY TOPICS OF INTEREST TO FARMER AND ORCHARDISr Experiment to Determine the Value of Alfalfa When to Plant Potatoes, Peas, Etc. Infor mation on Angora Goats Laying Qualtltyof Hens Improved. In a feeding experiment to deter mine the value of alfalfa against a grain ration for dairy cows, the former came out with flying colors, says the Stock Breeder. While the ration in which the protein was supplied by grain produced slightly more milk and butter than the alfalfa ration, still the latter produced the milk at 12.7 cents less the 100 than the grain ration. Although a cow can change grain pro tein into fat, still it would not be wise to force her.in;this way. Of course you have planted some potatoes already, and will put in more this month. Now is the time to pre pare for a good crop of peas, and your tomatoes should soon begin to bloom and keep setting out for a successive crop. You have no doubt found a new place for your strawberry bed, have fertilized it well, and will be ready to plant next month, and from then on to December. Plant "Saltzers" for cool weather, so plant them first. Make your cuttings from your black berries and dewberries. Horticultural Commissioner Geroge P. Hall, in San Diego Union. Good layers are the defendants of good layers, says Farmer's Voice. The laying quality has been improved and intensified by selection. It will be noticed that even under very unfavor able circumstances a few hens in the flock will lay, while all their asso ciates' seem to live for no othre pur pose but to eat. These hens, though subjected to the same hard conditions as the others, manage to produce an egg at irregular intervals. Such hens should be placed to themselves during the breeding season and made the foundation of the futuie flock. Some such system as this must be adopted where the aim is to breed up a flock of first-class layers. The Herald recently gave some in formation relative to angora goats and the increased consumption of mohair in this country. The Oregon Agricul turist goes into the statistics of the census reports quite elaborately on the mohair industry for ten years or more, concluding a lengthy discussion by saying: "There is already too much low-grade mohair produced both in South Africa and the United States, but the conditions are not such as to warrant any fear of over-production of mohair of fine quality for many years to come, nor is it likely that the prices of mohair equal in quality to Turkish will average lower than they have been during the past four or five years." E. C. Miller, of Buckeye, Ariz., forfnerly of Lemon Grove, San Diego county, refering to the general impres sion that land for alfalfa should be level as a floor, tells Horticultural Commissioner Hall, that "this is a serious mistake, for if it is, when the third years' growth of alfalfa is made, j'ou can hardly get the water to the farter side of an eighty acre field divided into twenties for a progres sive crop. There is further danger if you do not give it all the fall you can, up to twenty-five feet to the mile or more, of the debris in the water, un less it is very clean, clogging and scalding 1 the alfalfa. The point is., if the land has only ten feet to the mile fall one way and forty the other, plant in drills the forty way." Are Valencias Overdone? The intermittent condition of the Valencia orange market each summer causes a chilly sensation to follow the spines of those who have a large acre age of this favorite fruit. In quality it is almost equal to the Washington navels, and the price it brings in the late market is genorally good, and often phenomenal. It is not a question of quality, price or bearing proclivi ties, but something that should cause much more apprehension than the lack of any of these overproduction or over supplying of the demand. Another planting season will soon.be on, when the question of varieties will recur. Those who wish to be on the safe side will not view singly the point of price received tor Valencias during the last few years. There are a few other points to consider, chief of which is the question of competition from the summer fiuits, vegetables and melons that has to be met about the time of the ripening of the prince of late oran ges. Paying $3 for Apples Reports of buying at stiff prices in the western New York apple orchards have reached the Guide this week. Ileavey purchases on a basis of prices ranging from $2.50 to 3 have been made, and one large Philadelphia op perator is said to have purchased 20, 000 barrels at the latter figure. Con servative New York apple men look aghast at these prices, and assert that with the apple market in its present state such operations are in the nature of a gigantic gamble, as the crop is unboubtedly, in spite of what the bears may say, a large one, and buy ing apples at high prices to put in cold storage for a future rise in the market, a most perilous enterprise. The Guide has no intention of trying to teach apple buyers and operators their own business. But it does insist that the experiences of the past two or three seasons should icculcate caution and conservatism in apple buying. Only a few weeks ago it laid it down as a fundamental principal of common sense business dealing that a man should buy no commodity or product at a price which forbids him coming out with a whole skin if he wants to dispose of them within thirty days after purchase. Surely that is a prin cipal not to be denied. Is there any chance of a man who buys $3 apples today being able 10 dispose of them within the next thirty, or even the next sixty days, and get an "even break?" We rather fancy not. Such purchasing is a speculation, pure and simple, and all the Guide can do is to wish these bold speculators the best of good luck, even depreciating, as it does, their tactics as prejudicial to the best and basic interests of the apple tiade. Fruitnian's Guide. Shipping Fresh Figs East The Fresno Republican announces that "George Roeding, is going to make the experiment this season of shipping fresh Smyra figs east. If it can be done successfully, and it is believed it can be, it will create a wide demand for the lucious fruit which promises to make Fresno county famous. The plan is to ship the fruit by Wells Fargo & Co. In the early season, the compauy successfully handles a good deal of fresh fruit, putting it first upon the market, where it commands fancy prices. There seems no reason why this cannot be done in the case of figs. At any rate, Roeding has agreed to furnish the fruit and the ex press company will see what it can do in getting it to eastern points in good condition. It will be shipped in "pony refrigerators," holding from seventy-five to 100 pounds, and the aeents on the. route will attend to the icing. If the figs reach their destina tion in good shape, they will doubt less be in big demand in the east.