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AT THE NATIONAL CAPITOL
IMPORTANT DOINGS OF THE SEN ATE AND HOUSE A Few Items io Suit Our Busy Readers Who .Have Not the Time to Peruse Lengthy Ac cruals of Space Writers. MONDAY. The report of the special committeo of the senate on Hawaiian affairs rhows an unsatisfactory condition in Jtho inlands. The house lias oidered an investiga tion into the coal situation. As the result of several conferences, it is expected that congress will pass, without delay, a bill providing for the rebate or suspension of the duty on oal for a period of ninety days. A House bill was passed, incorporat ing the Society of the Army of San tiago de Cuba. TUKSDAY. In the senate while tho Vest revolt' tion directing the committee on finance to report a bill removing the duty on j coal was under discussion, Mr. Dol li ver of Iowa vigorously attacked those senators res ponb.bl i for the holding up of reciprocity treaties in the senate. The naval appropriation bill, as thus far prepared, is quite moderate in its provisions for adding to the strength of our navy. It contemplates the building of tt reo battleships and but one cruiser beside two steel train ing ships and one wooden brig for training' purp(i :s. For the first time this session tho liouse was regaled with a lively politi cal debate. General Grosvenor of Ohio and Mr. Clark of Missouri crossed swords during the general debate on the army appropriation bill, and for two hours noth sides of the liouse cheered on their repsoctive spokesmen. The president and cabinet discussed .several semi-important matters duringl the session of an hour. Philippine matters were considered,, especially the reduction of duties on the products ' of the islands. The president an nounced that General Wood would be .sent out thee and given the command , of Mindanao. The ways and means committee unanimously agreed upon a billwhich will be reported to the bouse, ) making full rebato ef duties imposed .on coal of every description for one -year. This is equivalent to free coal -during the period of twelve months irom the passage of the bill. WEDNESDAY. 'The bill to provide for a rebate of the duties on foreign coal for a period -of one year, amendod by a section to .prevent the imposition of a duty on -.anthracite coal at the expiration of that time, passed both houses practi cally unanimously. Senator Tilman made a characteristic speech, in which'he denounced trusts and monopolies and severely criticized the attorney general. The militia bill was passed by the sonate with an amendment striking out of the bill the section providing for a reserve force ' of ' trained men, thus removing the objections made against it. The house made a . move to take the disposition of tho army transport ser vice out of the hands of Secretary Root ' by adoptng an amendment to the army appropriation bill that none of the vessels shall be sold nor shall the ser vice he discontinued without the con sent of congress. No more rural delivery routes will be established over roads that require payment of turnpike tolls by the de partment. ' i THURSDAY. Senator Tillman continued his speech arraigning trusts and monopolies and again charged that the attorney goncr al was primarily reppousiolu far lack of action against tho combines. The friends of tho omnibus statehood measuro were encouraged by a vigorous speech by Senator Foraker urging the rUlit of Arizona, Oklahoma and Now Mexico to be admitted to the Union. Tho army appropriation bill was passed by the house without any fur ther amendment. The department of commerce bill was callod up in the house and considera ble opposition was developed on tho Democratic side, based chiefly on the ground that the transfer of the bureau of labor to the new department would subordinate that bureau to n depart ment which would represent capitalis tic interests. Tho president signed the coal rebate, bill, and the measure is now a law. The committoe on foreign relations agreed to report the Cuban reciprocity treaty with two amendments, one a guarantee against further reduction of the sugar tariff and the other making a reduction of foity per cent on the export of American entile. FRIDAY. It was private claim day in the house and one of the claims presented awakened unusual interest. It called., for over $4000 and had its origin in equipment furnished by St. Louis army contractors for a cavalry regiment in 1862. This was during the time that General Fremont commanded in that city and scandals became rife, which led to that officer's being suspended. After a spirited debate, during which a report on the condition of affairs in St. Louis at the time was referred to, the bill was voted down. At the cabinet meeting no matters of serious importance came up for dis cussion. It is "understood that the conclusion was reached to decide next week whether the colored postmaster atWilson,N .C, shall be reappointed. Some of the leading Republican sen ators called on the president and as sured him that the Cuban treaty"1 will be ratified and that the opposition is confined entirely to the Democratic side. . Tho treasury department notified all collectors of customs by wire to admit coal free of dut", as provided for in the new law. SATURDAY. At the end of a' struggle, which prolonged the day's session until after 6 o'clock, the Houso passed the substi tute to the Senate bill to establish a Dopartmeut of Commerce and Labor. The voto stood 137 to 40. At 0 p. m. the House adjourned. Said He Was Wilkes Boothe Guthrie, Okla Just prior. to dying, D. E. George, an aged and wealthy citizen, made the statement that he was John Wijkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln. George attempted suicide at El Reno and made a Becond and successful attempt in a hotel at Enid, taking poison. He stated that he Lad successfully eluded the officers after killing Lincoln and had remained unknown to the world ever since. He was reputed very . wealthy, owning land in Oklahoma, Indian Territory and at Dallas, Tex. Telegrams ask that the body be held for identification. One Man Against Three Constabulary Inspector Fletcher, while traveling alone in the province of Albav. Luzon, lost Wednesday, was I otto, .bc.,1 tiv lliirf-v hnlnmen. Fletcher killed five of his opponents, but was himself wounded. He escaped and formed a party, which., pursued the bolomen, overtook them, and killed six more. Death sentence has been im posed on one of the. natives who mur dered five American soldier? in the cemetery at Boanagonon, Luzon, on Decoration day of last year. MEEDS SUFFER FAMINE REDUCED TO EXTREMITY OF EAT ING PINE BAPK Cc'cc&bt Wllh the Fullure of Crops Is the Almost Total Disappearance of Fish Danger of Typhoid Sweeping Over the Land ' London Telegrams from Stockholm confirm the distressing accounts of famine in northern Sweden, as given In those dsipatches. About 30,000 people are affected by this famine, which extends from the sixty-first to the sitxy-soventh degree north latitude and from the gulf of Bothnia and the Russian bordor far ihlo the interior. The starving people are eating pine bark, which is - dried, ground to powder, mixed with stewed Iceland moss and made into a kind ot famine bread. Coincident with the failure of the corps is tho extreme scarcity of fish. The fishermen return from tho expedi tions empty handed. Even ptarmigan, usually found in great numbers in the stricken land, have almost com Dletcly disappeared. It is estimated that the expenditure of $6,300,000 will be necessary to save the population from decimation. Thus far, about $200,000 lias been subscribed, of which sum over $12, SCO was sent by Swedes in the United States. This amount does not include tho money necessarv to save the breed of cattle, which alone can live through an arctic winter on supply seed for the spring sowing. The peasants are making pathetic sacrifices to avert , the extermination of the hardy northern cattle. In previous times of scarcity good foder was ob tainable by mixing reindeer moss and aspen bark. Now this is not avail able and finely chopped twigs of birch, willow and ash are substituted. The mixture is boiled and fed to the cattle warm, but it is . found that the milk of the cattle thus fed leads to typhoid lever, rins ana other diseases are certain to spread unless relief is hastened. The situation threatens a repitition of the terrible famine of 1867, when thousands died of starva tion and typhoid. A special commissioner of the SwodishTgovernment. who has just re turned from the scene of the distiess, emphasizes the'jiecessity for the. adop tion of immediate plans to abate the distress. His report has caused a most'painful impression and will, it is hoped, enhance the national efforts to provide remedial measures. Up to the 'present 1300 carloads, valued "at over $100,000, represent the total quantity of provisions and fodder shipped to the famine Etricken area. ' BLOWN TO ATOMS Great Destruction Wrought by Gun Cotton Kanaimo, B. C A terrific explosion occurred at the Hamilton powder com pany's works, Departure Bay Wednes day moining. George Simonetta, James Ful forte and ten Chinamen were killed. Only one body, that of a Chinaman, was recovered. The others were absolutely blown to fragments. The gun cotton storage house exploded first, the concussion exploding the gelignite mixing bouse, 400 feet awav, where the great loss of life is supposed to have occurred. The ground was excavated to a depth of six feet where the buildings stand. The buildings were blown into kind ling wood and scattered with frag ments of human flesh over several acres. The tramway was blown up and a length of steel rail twined spirally around a tree like a whip lash. James Preston, a nitroglycerine maker, had a miraculous escape and owed his life to his coolness. IIo was junning his machinery 4,000 feet from the'cxplos ion when it occurred, and was thrown down. The window and a part of the wall were blown in, but ho kept his machinery running in spite of the con cussion, which almost btopped it, and never left bis post, thus preventing a third explosion. The works are three miles from No naimo and broken windows hoio tes tify to the tremendous forco of the ex plosion. The management states that it is utterly impossible to assign anv causo. No witnesses survived. ' . IRRIGATION IN ARIZONA San Francisco Syndicate to Complete Rockland Canal Phoenix, Ariz. Extensive prepara tions are being made for the reclama tion of arid land near Yuina, Ariz. A sydniuate of San Francisco capitalists, represented by Charles II. Mau, has concluded negotiations for the pur chase of the right of way, canals and heading of the Rockland Canal com pany, headed by John N. Speese. The syndicate is amply provided with capital to complete the construction of the canal undertaken by the Rockland Canal coin pa ny, and work on the big ditch will be resumed as soon as possi ble. The Rockland canal lies between the Colorado and the Gila rivets, and when completed will provide water for a great tract of fertile land. The efforts to encourage .the govern ment to carry out riparian improve-, ments rear Yuma have been attended with so little success that much of the work probably will be undertaken by private enterprise. For the construc tion of a levee along the Colorado river from a point a few miles below Yuma to another point near the international line,' the Arizona Ditch company has receutly been incorporated by Arizona mem. The officers. are: W. H. De Berry, president; W. F. 'fimmons, secretary, and James H. Meadows, B. L. Nammaly and W. H. Thomas direc tors. The company also purposes to complete an irrigating ditch to carry water from one or more of the canals now in operation in tho Colorado river valley and distribute It over the vast tracts of fertile land that will be reclaimed from the marsh lands ly the construction of the levee. These lands, amounting to about 40,000 acres, are flooded annually by the high waters of the Colorado river. The lands are very fertile and far more productive than average farming lands. Tie levee will be about fifteen miles in length and' will preserve an average distance from the river banks of about 300 yards. It will be thirty-three feet wide at the top and average about four and a half feet in height. The cost of construction will approximate $30,000. The stock of the company has been subscribed in money and labor, and almost enough means have been provided for clearing the right of way. Preliminary surveys have been com plete and three large forces of men aie now engaged in clearing the right of way. Within a few weeks actual con struction of the levee will begin and work will be pushed vigorously until the project has been completed. lie pits ni iiie in a darkened room, alone In the hiding light. Why are his brow so heavy with gloom and his cheeks so deadly white? But though his heart Is faint with care, his cour age never flinches. Ills eyes are fixed In a Kin s.sy stare. What is It bis firm hand clinches? "A little courage," he murmurs. "Yes, a little, and all Is won." "A choking gurgle, more or less, a gasp and the deed Is donel Without a shudder or eyelid wink-? Ah! It makes the heart recoil that he so quiet-, ly, calmly drank a dose of castor olL London TH-Blta.