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IN FIELD OF
TOPICS OP INTEREST TO FARMER
Meat for Baby Chicks Prunes and
Olives California for Olives But'
termtlk for Puppies Homely Hints
Meat for Baby Chicks.'
One of the most discouraging things
'in the experience of people who are
trying to raise chickens is too , heavy
loss of baby chicks through bowel
troubles and other ailments peculiar
to Touns chicks. Here is a valuable
lesson for all such people which is
published for their benefit by the
Rhode Island experiment station :
The use of the proper proportion of
animal food will pay a handsome prof
it through decreased mortality and
increased weight of tie chicks. In
feeding bear in mind that chicks in
state of nature spend practically all
of their working hours in search of
food, and that they do Dot fill their
crops in ten minutes every two hours,
Feeding should be, as far as the time
of the attendant renders profitable, a
continuous process, but by no means
a continuous gorge. The experimeut
which led up to this conclusion was
with an incubator hatch of 219 chick
ens. These were separated into lots
of about fifty each and placed in sim
For thirty days all conditions were
kept alike except the rations. Pen A
was ted a balanced ration of grains,
meat and green food. The chicks grew
and thrived, and not one chick showed
symptoms of digestive disorder. The
deaths amounted to 3.9 per cent. In
pen B all animal food was withheld,
tba deaths were 9.5 per cent., of which
75 per cent, bad bowel trouble. Pen
G was fed on grain alone, all animal
food and all green food being omitted
from the rations; the deaths werd 32.7
per cent., of which 76.5 per cent
showed digestive trouble. In pen D
all grnin food was omitted; the doatbs
of chicks were 63.7 per cent., of which
85.8 per cent, showed bowel trouble.
All the living chicks were weighed at
the close of the test, and pen A showed
the greatest average weight for all
This experiment shows conclusively
that outside of the brooding and con
ditions during incubation chicks may
be killed by improper feeding. Where
one does not wish to buy the prepared
beef scraps the tones and. scraps from
the table will go far toward feeding
the baby chicks at first if put in shape
so they can eat them. The Herald.
Prunes and Olives.
The following items on prunes and
olives are of interest both to producers
United States Consul Benjamin H.
Ridgley, at Nantes, reports that the
French fruit crop is even larger than
was expected. Prunes are particularly
abundant, and as a consequence there
is certain to be a largely decreased de
mand for American prunes, which
have been so eagerly sought during
the past several years. There will also
be a teci eased demand for dried ap
ples, peaches and apricots.
The Lodi Sentinel says that unless
the unforseen happens, the olive crop
in that district will be twice as large
as last year's. A casual inspection of
a few orchards revealed the fact that
there are as many olives on the trees
as there are leaves almost. At the
Olean orchard, in the colony, the
owner expects to get 20,000 gallons of
oil, where last season only half that
amount waB made from the same num
ber of trees. The Herald.
California for Olives.
The olive is gradually gaining the
consideration whioh the suooes" of a
few growers of superior Intelligence
has won for it. In the October Sunset
magazine are two valuable papers on
the subjeo A single paragraph whioh
is full of significance is appended from
M. E. Duiley's contribution:
California has an ideal climate for
the oulture of the olive, for this tree
oannot bear extremes of heat or cold.
It may be seen waving its gray-green
plumy boughs along the slopes and
mesas of the higher foothills, or thriv
ing in perennial loveliness In the low
valleys at sea level. It thrives where
other trees cannot be grown with prof
it. The growing of the olive for com
mercial purposes is yet In its infancy,
but the alert orchard int is waking to
the idea that it is one of the safest
Horticultural propositions in the eta e.
Buttermilk for Puppies.
Breeders of dogs of all breeds will
find tfsh buttermilk the very best
feed for puppies they can obtain. As
a bone maker and bowel regulator it
is unsurpassed. During the past
twenty years the writer has fed it to
Irish and English Setter, Pointer,
Water Spaniel and Beagle puppies, be
ginning when weaning and continuing
its use until after the dogs were
Besides being an excellent food it
is an enemy to worms, the puppy's
worst foe. Worms will not thrive on
buttermilk. While it will not kill
them, the worms will not eat it, and
the puppy develops more rapidly than
on sweet milk. It has one advantage
over rich milk, and other foods, over
feeding will not hurt the dog's stom
If all the pampered canine pets in
the land were fed buttermilk instead
of sugar there would be less gouty,
feeble, rheumatic, dyspeptic dogs.
Try it. Live Stook Tribune.
Where the Almond Thrives.
The almond tree flourishes and pro
duces a profitable crop in many parts
of California, which are clearly desig
nated in the October Sunset magazine
by Katherine A. Chandler : Almonds
mature in a warm climate which is
dry in summer. The more moisture
they can have in growing time the
plumper the nut, but when ripening
approaches they need dryness. These
requirements exclude from the culture
many parts of California where the
almond was first planted. The nut
will not mature in tbe coast regions
where the fog pours in each summer's
day, nor in tbe colder parts of tbe
state. The southern Sacramento val
ley and the northern San Joaquin are
the localities where the almond thrives
best, and here many growers are mak
ing it their principal crop.
Bulletins on Poultry.
Poultry people should write to the
experiment station at Berkeley for a
leaflet containing a list of available
"Bulletins on Poultry Management."
It contains twenty-eight reports from
ten different experiment stations, and
all these reports from the ten states
will be sent free on application. They
embrace a great variety of questions
deeply interesting topoultry raisers for
whom the investigations were made
and the bulletins printed. Send for
the list. A postal card will get it for
you. Then you can select what you
want and send for it. The Herald.
A DISINFECTANT. For tbe sick
room a pleasant disinfectant is made
by putting in a sauoer 1 some freshly
ground coffee and lighting a piece of
camphor gum on top of it. As this
gum burns it emits the odor of roast
ing coffee, an aroma that is agreeable
to most people. This perfume has tbe
advantage of being healthful, and is
to be preferred to tbe pastiles and in
cense powders, which to some are very
sickening. The odor of the coffee will
counteract any bad aroma In tbe room,
and the fumes of the camphor will
kill ordinary disease germs that may
be floating around. '
SCRIM CURTAINS. -Sorlm cur
tains of good quality make handsome
and ornamental window draperies.
Scrim of good quality comes about
forty-Uve inches wide and costs from
forty-five cents a yard up. A good
way to make the curtains is to hem
the bottom and one Bide about an inch
wide, then trim with torobon lace and
insertion, having folds of the scrim
between the lace and insertion. Put
a facing at the top, and shitr on so't
folds of cloth.
TO BRIGHTEN COLORS IN CAR
PET. First clean carpet well. One
gallon water, one tablespoon ammonia,
one tablespoon ox gall. Use wltb flan
nel cloth to wipe carpet.
If cream is thoroughly chilled before
being wblpped It will irotn more
A breakfast dish nit to be despised
Is made by frying cold chicken in
To Resume California Limited.
Chicago. Arrangements have been
made by tbe Santa Fe to resume daily
service with its California limited
train November 13.
The train will leave Chicago at 7:30
p. m., and arrive in Los Angeles in
about sixty-eight hours.
Several features for tbe greater con
venience of tbe passengers will be
Portland Gets Convention. v
St. Louis. Portland, Ore., was se
lected Friday last as tbe meeting place
of the 1905 convention of the Ameri
can Library Association.
Navy Yards to Race.
New York. A shipbuilding race be
tween tbe New York and Mare Island
navy yards has begun over tbe con
struction of two colliers authorized by
tbe last Congress.
They are to be tbe largest and fast
est boats of their class in tbe world.
Each will be about 500 feet in length
and the cost about 91,250,000.
One of tbe ships was assigned to the
Mare Island yard, San Fraucisco, and
the other to the yard here.
The Value of a Sunny Soul.
The world Is too full of sadness and
sorrow, misery and sickness; It needs
more sunshine; it needs cheerful Uvea
which radiate gladness; it needs en
couragers who will lift and not beat
down, who will encourage, not discour
age. Who can estimate the valuo of a
sunny soul who scatters gladness and
good cheer wherever he goes, Instead
of gloom and sadness? Everybody is
attracted to these cheerful faces and
sunny lives, and repelled by the
gloomy, the morose and the sad. We
envy people who radiate cheer wher
ever they go and fling out gladness
from every pore. Money, houses and
lands look contemptible besido such a
disposition. The ability to radiate sun
shine is a greater power than beauty,
or than mere mental accomplishments.
"What good are you .fellows, any
way?" asked the farmer of. a dusty hobo
he found yawning in his hay.
"What good ore we?" echoed the
knight of the road, "Why, et wo didn't
smoke butts in de farmers' barns dey'd
never git de inshoorence money ter pay
de mortgages off de rest uv de farm.
ORIGINAL "BUSTER BROWN."
Jolly Lad Whose Twinkling- Bine Eyes
Won Fame for K. F. Outcault.
The only and original "Buster
Brown" is in Denver. Ho Is Koger
Cush mun Clark, the 5-yeur-old son of
Mr. and Mrs. Horace S. Clark of
Leadville, 8. D and is visiting bis
grandmother, Mrs. I. S. Cusbman. Hor
ace Clark is one of the most prominent
mining men in the country and is well
known both hero and in Europe.
The story of how It. F. Outcault, the
originator of "Buster Brown," met his
model is an interesting one. Little
Roger has done a great deal of travel
ing In his short life, and one time wuile
in New York with his parents he stop
ped at the same hotel at which Mr.
Outcault was living. Roger is large
for his age, has tbe very yellowest of
yellow hair, which he wears In the
"bob" fashion, and he was always
dressed the snmo long belted coat, a
suggestion of trousers below It, white
collar, and a great fluffy tie. It was
Roger's eyes, however, that attracted
tbe artist's attention. They are large
and dark blue and have a certain little
twinkle in them that convinces one
the owner of them is fully equal to all
the tricks "Buster Brown" ever tried.
With a great deal of interest and
amusement Mi1. Outcault watched the
little boy and finally tbe two became
fast friends. One day Roger was even
more mischievous than ever, and It was
then that the twinkling eyes of the lit
tie boy made Mr. Outcault think of
"Buster Brown." He drew one series
of pictures and they were so success
ful that he has been drawing them ever
Every day "Buster Brown" Clark
goes out walking with his grandmother
or his mother, but there is something
missing on each occasion and that
something is no other than "Tige." Of
course "Buster" still has "Tlge," but
be decided that the dog could not come
with him this time, because grandmas
do not always like dogs and "Tiga"
sometimes forgets to be mannerly.
Denver Post. :
Postoffloe Clerks "Foxy."
The "sporting blood" of "Billy"
Carr, fireman of engine company No.
20, was roused when Frank McGuigan,
Janitor In court No. 5, offered to bet
blm that a letter addressed with
puzzling signs would reach him
"I'll take your bet, and It Is easy
money," said Billy.
The result was one of the most
unique addresses in picture writing
ever received, at the postofDce. Mc
Guigan lost much' sleep in framing up
the address Thursday. He mailed the
letter, which bore on Its, face the fol
"A police wagon, a vehicle, matches,
sbode, a nut, under which was the
numeral X 1082."
When the leter was received at the
postofflce its sender was set down by
the clerks as "another fool trying to
be funny without knowing how," but
Charles Smith, superintendent of
clerks, and Harry Ewing set to work
to translate it. They succeeded In
making out of it the name and ad
dress of the fireman, as follows: A po
lice weapon, Billy; a vehicle, Carr;
matches, Are; abode, house; a nut,
Filbert; with the X beneath to make
Tenth street, below Filbert;-1082, the
date of the founding of this city. The
letter was delivered to Fireman Carr
yesterday. Philadelphia Public Ledg
er. One Language Too Many. k
"What was the matter with that col
"Didn't like him," answered tbe man
who endows universities.
"But he bad a fine knowledge of the
"Yes, but he was so unfortunate ac
also to have an acquaintance with En
glish, which constantly tempted him
to publish erratic ctptements in the
aewspapers." Washington Star.
In business three things are necessary
knowledge, temper and time. Felt-bam.