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COUNTRY STORE A 8UCCE8a
How the Williams lvxcliange Solved Problem of Small Town Stores. Two years ago this November, .iJlm L. W'ilile, of Williams, devised a trade-getting and trade-keeping plan, lie iersunded the merchants of the town to combine Into a general com pany the Williams Exchange. The exchange wus to buy all produce for sale, paying for it either In casli, at the regular market value, or In cur rency good only In Williams stores, at an advance of 10 per cent over the regular market value. The exchange was to supply the merchants and ship the overstock to Eastern markets. After discussion, however, It was de tided to restrict the operations of the exchange to butter and eggs, for the members believed that enough of those were bought to offset what the farm ers needed to buy. The exchange began with the capi tal stock of $.",000, divided Into shares of $50 each, with a paid-up capital of $ 1,000. With this, money it secured and equipped with the latest creamery machinery a large warehouse and a workroom, hired two competent cream ery men to attend to the business of the exchange and purchased specially coined aluminium currency of the face value of $2,000. This aluminium cur rency was made In the same denomi nations as regular coin. One side read "Williams Exchange, Williams, Iowa." The reverse read 'Good for 50, or 25, or 100 or 5, or 10" ''cents" understood "in Merchan dise." Each Incorporator signed an agreement to accept the aluminium currency in payment for any and all merchandise. The exchange began business In February, 1003, after notifi cation to the farmers in tlie neighbor hood that any one who brought his butter and eggs to Williams would be given 12 cents a dozen for eggs and 13 cents a pound for butter, in cash, as bad been done for years; or 13 cents a dozen for eggs and 14 cents a pound for butter, in aluminium cur rency, good in all Williams stores. These stores had meanwhile laid In attractive stocks. To-day farmers drive twelve miles to bring their outter and eggs to the Williams Exchange, passing other towns on the way. In the first twelve months, $30,000 worth of butter and eggs was bought by the exchange, of which 91 per cent was paid for in Will lams aluminium currency, and but 9 per cent in actual cash. Almost one half of the cash was spent subse quently in Williams stores, so that actually but $1,500 in currency was paid out for the $30,000 worth of prod uce bought. The remaining $28,500 was spent In Williams stores within the year the best year in the history of Williams stores. The trade of the stores is double what it was eighteen months ago. World's Work, Chilian Miners Powerful. Perhaps the greatest weights borne tor any distance on men's backs are the loads of ore brought up from the mines of the Andes by the miners of Chili. Darwin visited a copper mine rn a ravine leading from the main range of the Cordilleras, where the work was carried on by such primitive means that, though the .nines had been worked In the mountains for at least two centuries, the water was re moved in some by carrying it up snafls in leather bags on men's backs. Sir Francis Head, when visiting a similar mine, found that all the ore was carried up to the surface, a ver tcal climb of 450 feet, by the miners, and that the average weight carried was 250 pounds. This load was not carried up a winding stair, but up r.otched trunks of trees, set almost up right, one touching another. The food of the Chilian miner, ac cording to Darwin, consisted of ra tions of sixteen figs and two small tarves of bread for breakfast; for din ner boiled beans, for supper whe.t crushed and roasted. They scarcely rer tasted meat This is a cold woria but wnat does tbe coal dealer caret Another Mouth to Feed. , 8li51yj New York Herald. AN OLD-TIME ORDER. Guides Excluded from Trenmiry Since Treasurer Spinner's Time. A recent dispatch stated that United States Treasurer Ellis II. Huberts had Issued an order prohibiting the pro fessional guides from plying their vo cation in his portion of the treasury -lllding. This dispatch also stated that "the men who steer visitors about the capital are in a state of high dudgeon over the order, ami assert that the colored messengers of the de partment are to blame." One of the city guides is reported to have complained that the messengers "want to make the tips themselves" and to have added, "our business was Just about ruined by all these big au tomobiles before the order was Issued. 1 guess, now, we'll all be driven out of the trade." As a matter of fact, there lias been such an order in force at the treas ury department for many years, long before Mr. Roberts ever dreamed, per haps, of being made Treasurer. The order prohibited guides from showing viskors through any part of the treas ury building, with special reference to the section presided over by the Treas urer, in which is stored millions of money oner government securities. It is said this order wns issued, at the request of Treasurer Spinner and has been in effect ever since. The guides are allowed to escort their patrons into the treasury build ing os far as the ofllce of the captain of the watch. There they are turned over to an employe of the department, who conducts them through the big building and into the money vaults, if the necessary permission Is secured from tbe Treasurer's office. The tour of the building having been completed, the visitors are returned to the wait ing guides, who proceed with them to other points of interest about the city. The treasury is not the only govern ment department which prohibits pro fessional guides from conducing visi tors through the buildings. Similar or ders are In effect at the National Mu seum and other places. At the museum the guides are required to wait at the main door until their patrons have found their way through the building as best they can. The guides have several times dis cussed the advisability of trying to have these prohibitive orders rescind ed. They say with the "seeing Wash ington" cars and vehicles and certain "grafting" hackmen, who seek the pa tronage of strangers, the business of guiding has become "a precarious prop osition." Washington Star. A Practical Joke. Lemlce Therleux once worked off a little practical joke at the expense of a play in which the Telion of misery was heaped upon the Ossa of despair, says a writer in Chambers' Journal. He and twenty friends secured prom inent scats. When the pathetic mo ment arived Therleux pulled out n handkerchief and burst into tears. The effect was electrical. The man next to him also fell to weeping, and took hokof the handkerchief. The epi demic of tears thereupon extended all along the line of the faithful twenty, and, as each man succumbed to his emotion, lie took hold of the end of the handkerchief, until at last all the con federates were weeping in it. The handkerchief was twenty yards long and had been specially prepared for the occasion. The low comedian struggled gamely with this exhibition of woes, but his witticisms were of no avail, for the funnier he became the more frequent were the sobs of the sorrowing twenty. I ONLY A TRIVIAL ERROR. In the course of a long and eventful life Martin Boggs had never been known to admit that any of the fail ures which had besprinkled his career had resulted from a mistake on his part. If his potatoes did not turn out well in the new place he had chosen for them in the face of advice, it was be cause he had "planted them there as a warning to his son, who had a no tion to try experiments." If his chil dren had scarlet fever because he had failed to take his wife's wishes into consideration in regard to a visit to an Infected house, "he wished them to have it, and get over with it, although ho hadn't thought best to say so." If an investment turned out badly he "had Just put the money In to en courage the company, although he knew it was no use," and if a barrel of eating apples turned out sour he "had bought them to make into cider." When he opened the cellar door of a neighbor's house one night under the impression that it was the one which led to another room, and then stepped off into space and landed on the cellar bottom, it really seemed os if, for once, he would have to own to a mistake. When it was ascertained that be yond some bad bruises and one or two easily remedied dislocations Mar tin was safe and sound, one of his old friends ventured a little mild banter. "Seems as if, for once in your life, you did make a mistake, Martin," said this courageous person; but Mr. Boggs turned a bandaged and reproachful countenance toward him. "It isn't what I'd expect of you, Ilzry," he said, mildly, "to call a little misealc'lation like that a regMar mis take." Youth's Companion. Tale of a Cannibal. "A pheasant, after being killed, should be kept for at least three weeks before it is cooked," said a noted French epicure recently, and then finding that some of his companions were not disposed to agreo with him, he told the following curious story: "1 was hunting one time in the United States of America, and the only person with me was a negro, who carried my ammunition. At first I had good luck, but then game bo came scarce, and, as we were a long distance from any farm or village, I began to fear that we would die of hunger. Indeed, we were almost fam ished when one morning a large bird rose in front of us. Weak as I was, I don't know how I managed to shoot him, but I did, and when I took him up I found to my surprise and sorrow that he was a pheasant. Sorry indeed I was, for I had never eaten a pheas ant that had not been hanging for at least three weeks, nnd in spite of my hunger I was not going to begin then." "But how did you keep yourself alive?" asked one of his companions. "I ate the negro while I was wait ing for the pheasant," was the calm reply. Startling Area of Coal Fields. It is estimated by experts that the area of American coal fields, at present open to mining, is more than five times as great as that of the coal fields of England, France, Germany and Bel glum; the great coal producing coun tries of Europe. While practically all the available coal areas of those coun tries have been opened to mining, ours have scarcely been estimated. When we take into consideration the fact that coal is one of the great motive powers in the manufacturing world, it Is evident that this immense wealth of coal will be of such an advantage to the United States as to be beyond auy man's calculation. Success. A Testimonial. "You set a good table, I suppose " queried the prospective boarder. "Sure," answered the landlady. "Why, only last week, one of my boarders died of tout" SCRAPS. There may be two railways to the top of Mt. Bluuc. Powerful alcoholic beverages can be flistilled from bananas, the milk of co coauut, rice and peas. The latest and most fascinating meth od of teaching children to read is to put them at work on a typewriter. The banana produces to the acre forty tour times more food than the potato and 130 times more than wlwat. The Grand Duke Constantin is one of Russia's favorite poets. He won a rec ord as a tine soldier before he began to write verso. Telegraphing in Abyssinia is done un der diflieulties. The monkeys swi.ig on the wires and the elephants use the poles for scratching posts. Prof. Tito Carbone, a noted Italian bacteriologist, has died in Milan from a fever incidentally caused by microbes with which he was experimenting. A Scottish minister states, what Is quite likely to he true, that rats may be rlriveu from any premises they may be infesting by the playing of bagpipes. Among the many anarchists arrested in connection with the bomb explosion In Barcelona, Sept. 13, is a 11-year-old boy named Neales, who is described by the police as a "precocious propagandist." For stopping work at Mutton colliery, Seahnm Harbor, England, without notice on three dates in August, 148 miners have been fined $1.25 each a day dam ages and condemned to pay costs of court. When the present Czar was Czare vitch he was attacked by a fanatic in Otsu, Japan, and two Jinrikisha men as sisted in rescuing him from his assail ant. They have received a pension from Russia ever since. This year it was forwarded to thetn as usual, much to their surprise. Unique Heredity of Talent. The District of Columbia is an ex ample, perhaps unique in the world, of the heredity of talent. Let it be borne in mind that, in this case as in that of every State, the elements of tbe calculation are not the men and women who reside in the district, but those who were born in it, nnd who are disseminated all over the United States. That such a percentage of the people born in the District of Colum bia should become famous is of course the result of the artificial selection which has gathered temporarily or per manently into a city, not among tbe largest in the country, so many emi nent men. Century. Ruined. Jason Epps, colored, came from an alley-way and sunk upon the nearest door-step, according to Lippincott's. His proud head dropped upon the broad bosom of his pink-striped shirt, and in this attitude of despair he was found by one of bis friends. "What's the matter wif you,. Jase? You is lookin' beat out." "I is," replied Mr. Epps mournfully. "I'se down on mail luck." "Been shootlu' de bones?" "Yes, sah." "Ain't dey comiu' right?" "Ain't corain' at all." "What did de gang do to you?" "Dey wiped me out." "Shoo, is dat so?" This in a tone of grieved surprise. "Yes, sah, dey cleaned me clean." "How much did dey git?" "Forty cents." Needed Doctoring. The well-known blueberry story and tbe cow-catcher story of tbe -country railways sink into insignificance be-. fore on anecdote in Harper's Weekly. The tale is related by a traveling man who recently returned from a trip through the West I think I came across the seediest railroad line in the whole world. We were crossing a stretch of prairie land when the train suddenly stopped for no apparent reason. After a wait of almost an hour the conductor came through the train, glancing furtively at the exasperated pasengers as ho passed. When he came to me he stopped and leaned down. "Say," he said in a whisper, "have you got a piece of string? We want to fix the engine."