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I THE END OF A FAMOUS LINE. J
There recently died in New York a woman who had beeu associated with one of the greatest reforms In that city the mulling over of the notorious Five Points. "Mother Clark" wan ono of the first of the women who used to brave the dangers and horrors of that den of Iniquity and tilth, ami through whose efforts the plngue-sput was con verted into a wholesome and decent re gion. Some of the ladies connected with the mission give, in a little book, an 'tie count of many of the tragedies and ro mances they brought to light in the clonnsi'ig of that slum of slums. Whey Dickens visited America lie paid a visit to Five Points, which was then reckoned as the worst district of New York. Indeed, its fame was trans ntlantic. "All that is loathsome, droop ing and' decayed Is here,"' wrote thai great i.uthor. Six years laler the re form hid begun. What terrible tales of shipwrecked lives those brave women unearthed, only they themselves knew. One which was made known, has to do with history. In one of tile most squalid of rooms the visitors found a white-haired man. Infirm and ' apparently very old. To their surprise lie told I hem he was only 50 yeais of age, but poverty, privation and Buffering had stolen all his vigor. This old pauper, huddled away in the worst part of New York City, was the last of the ISIeiinerhassetts. Every schoolboy knows tilt' story of Blennerhassclt. The wealthy English man came to America in 17!)7, with his beautiful wife, and purchased an island in tlie Ohio Uiver. which lie turned into a paradise fitting for his costly dwelling. The serpent, in the form of Aaron Burr, entered tills Eden ami drew ls master into the paths of trcache1-y. Whei Burr's plots were discovered. Harma", Ulennerhassett was imprison ed, but he was never brought to trial. Stripped of his property, lie went to Ireland, and, later, died in Guernsey. His second son, born in luxury and carefully educated, tried to make a liv ing In New York as an ''rtlst. lie nev er succeeded, and Rank lower and lower in the scale of poverty, until the wom en of the mission took him out of the abject misery of Five Points, and cared for bim until his death. A Young Collaborator. Mr. Barrie is said to lie Indebted to n little boy for one much applauded line in his play of "Little Mary." The play deals satirically with the vice of gluttony, and tills is the first lime in the author's literary career that lie has not relied solely upon his own talent. lie has a favorite companion and friend, little Tommy lavis. One day Mr. Barrie brought the boy some sweets, and asked, as he presented them: "If I gave you these and told you, if you ate them, you would be sick In the morning, what would you say?" "I'd say I'd be sick' to-night." Mr. Barrie was delighted with, the answer, fitting, as it did, so completely his conception of a gluttonous tipped to. "Let me use that for my new play," he said to the boy, "and as part au thor, you shall receive a royalty of a hulfpenny of every performance giv en." The little author of course accorded permission, and a contract was drawn up and duly signed and sealed. The London newspaper which tells this story says that Mr. Barrie has scrupulously adhered to his bargaia. Thenlay Is extremely popular, and lit tle Tommy bids fair to amass a small fortunea small fortune, be It remarked- No Great Difference After Alt. , "It isn't considered polite to ask a Chinese how many wives he has." "Well, it Isn't volitc to ask an Amer ican how many wives he's had, either." Detroit Free Press. TRAVELS OF LEPROSY. Orlfftnrtln- In Aula It Ha Spread to Many Land. Asia Is pretty certainly the source of leprosy and there It bus existed since before. Confucius; Moses and whoever prescribed the leprosy practice of the 13th chapter of Leviticus, were comparatively late comers Into the field. From Asia leprosy spread Into Europe,, until, during the 12th and 13th centuries, it became a plague of enor mous proportions. At that time Eu rope contained some 10.000 leper settle ments. During this period, as a mark of the gravity of the disease, flourished the famous order (if Sim Lazarus, whose master, until 1203, was required to be a leper. The disease was spread and stimulated by the Crusades, of which Voltaire says that their only per manent result was the Importation of tills disease. Hut lie was wrong as to the time of introduction, for it is men tioned In Europe much earlier, occur ring even in Ireland In the fifth cen tury. The extent of the disease rose and fell, being most widespread when the vitality of the people was lowered by long wars and their consequences, and shrinking In times of prosperity. The policy of isolation and the better condition of the people caused It to be gin to wane about the middle of the 15th century, and In 100 years it had mainly disappeared from Europe. The present seats of the disease are among lazy, shiftless and Ignorant people, who live on unwholesome food and of habit violate sanitary and moral laws. Among the prosperous and enlightened it does not spread. It has been abun dantly imported into the United States, especially from Norway; but a recent government Inquiry enumerating only 278 authentic cases in the country, showed how wholesome food and hab its prevent Its- spread. Beyond low vitality and long, Intimate contact with diseased persons, nothing is known as to. its origin. Jonathan Hutchinson of England has argued much for Its origin in the eating of spoiled fish, 'but the scientists of the world have not ac cepted his hypothesis. A fill in iiko Into the lur'i Kltehen. A Russian now in New York who served two years in the Czar's kitchen at the winter palace In St. Petersburg, has given some interesting details as to the cuisine of the imperial house hold and (lie precautious taken against any Attempt to poison the autocrat oi all the Itussiaus. The head diet of the imperial kitchens holds (he rank of general in the llussiau army, receives a salary of more than .frio.noo a year. imhI is an important oflicial of the Stale. Under him there is an army of some oOO men as chefs, underchcl's and subordinates, and also the keepers of the wine cellars. Every disli that is prepared for the Imperial table must first be partaken of by a major of the army, the food is 'then placed In a closed shaft, which the major also en ters, and it then ascends to the dining room of the Czar, where the major again partakes of it. and, no ill effects ensiling, it is then served to the im perial household. The menu is ordered each day by the Czar, who Is a hearty eater, and who occasionally demands that new dishes lie Invented by his chef. The dining-room in which the regular meals are taken 1? small, made of cast iron, is bomb-proof and is sealed like a bank vault between meals. Non ft. The lawyer was trying to impeach one of the witnesses for the other side. " will asit you, Mr. Sparling," he said, nddu.ssing the first man. whom he had called, "if you are acquainted with Ben jamin JV)bsleds, who testified in this case an how or two ago?" "Yes sir," answered the witness . "How long have yon known him?" "Ever' since he was a boy." "I will ask you further, if you are ac quainted with his reputation for truth and veracity in the neighborhood in which he reside!. V" "Goau, mt He hain't jot ny." Nothing costs less, not is cheaper, than the compliments of civility. Cervantes. "A SILLY TOY." In Very Ma h That LlKht Wu ttie ToothbriMh First Regarded. Colonial diaries and letters make It plain that our unfortunate ancestors suffered much from 'Jumping tooth aches, swelled faces and the early loss or forcible extraction of teeth which at a later period might have i been saved to render their owners many years of further service. No wonder, siiHB the care of the teeth was little understood, and that little often but negligently practised. Toothpicks were known ; ' the tooth brush was not, al I hough rough substi tutes were employed, made of flattened sticks, split and pounded at one end to a stiff, fibrous fringe. Tooth-brushes, when Hrst introduced, were regarded as by no means Important accessories to the toilet, hut rather as minor luxuries, and suitable fur women only. The diary of a London merchant trading to the colonies litis this entry : "Bought a Toothbrush for my wife, which, used together with suite water, very strong, and n wasslic of Herbs, she is told will keep her Teethe from falling out or getting hollowe. The Suite and Herbes may well prove strciigthenelng to her !umines well, are tender, but for the brush it seemes but a silly Toy, hardly like to ware the worth of Its price and scarce cleanley save when new. Butt she must have It, being a new thing late from France." In the famous collection of the let ters of the Verney family, as well, the tooth-brush Is referred to us "an ele gant trifle, now used by the ladies of Paris." But when Sally Annis, a colonial belle, wrote of it to her sister, she had, like the Loudon merchant's wife, good hopes of its proving of more than trilling value. Her seafaring father bad Just brought her one, along with other gifts. "Besides these, and ye sinalle combe, lie brt. me a new mouth-brush made of eyvory," she wrote, "the back parte inlayed very pretty with silver; and ye brissles long and stiffe and sett very Urine: wch he is assured will help me of my Tooth Akes; wch. you will guess deer Judy I do pray it may." Youth' Companion. His Howard. The train was snow-bound 20 miles from the nearest station, and the pas sengers, with one exception, found the waiting weary. The exception, a stolid Scandinavian, drew from his valise a squeaky accordion from which ho ex tracted such melancholy strains that the passengers were moved, not to tears, but to wrath. When the con cert had lasted half an hour, one of the listeners rose, quietly helped himself to the musician's hat and proceeded to take up a collection. ' He proved such a persistent beggar that! before long the hat sagged with Its burden of nickels and dimes. The player, inspired by the rattle of coin, played with renewed vigor. As the man with the hat approached him. -the Interested passengers craned their necks to see the presentation but there was no presentation. In stead, the man who had passed the hat calmly' stowed the collection away in his own trouser's pocket, tossed the empty' hat to the Scandinavian and gravely returned to his novel. "Veil!" exclaimed the astonished mu sician. "Who vas clot money for?" "For me," said the man. "I guess I deserve some reward for having to sit next to music like that." Even the Scandinavian Joined In the laugh that followed, and a little later he got the money on condition that he should not play any more. ( Attic Honpltolltr. "Mrs. Suobb Is a; .woman -without a bit of false pride." ''How does she know it?" "Why, when her poor relations come to town she doesn't have them go to some cheap boarding place, but puts them under her roof," Baltimore American. PRESERVED MEAT BY STEAM, n Aiiti'ii1lnti Method Which I Em ployed on Stcfimxhliis. ."Keeping meats sweet and pure In 1 refrieeiutor by means of steam sounds a bit queer, doesn't it?" I was '.sketl by (Jenrgc L. Cameron, super! n '.end'MH of a meat-packing establish ment, who 'continued in explanation without awaiting my answer: "Yet that is a method now In vogue on the big steamers which carry meats from tills country and from Australia to Europe. Meat placed In refrigerators where the atmosphere Is kept continu ally at an average temperature of from di to In degrees will remain fresh, but entirely untainted, for an indefinite period. "I think the Australians solved the problem first. They worried over the matter for a long, long time, .and adopted expedient after expedient, tried experiment after experiment, but all without avail, until some one thought of using steam to volatilize (he .itases which caused these annoying conditions and draw them off. A steam pipe was placed in a wooden duct at the bottom of a refrigerator chamber stored with meat; the gases of this kind are low lying, and the duct led directly to the brine tanks. This ex periment occurred at Sydney, end for 'iglity-nine days the refrigerator' com partment was kept closed, at the end of which time It. was opened, the meat drawn forth and every piece thorough ly tested. It was as fresh and pure, without the slightest suggestion of bone odor or mold, as on th day it was packed. The gases had been vola tilized by the steam, carried off by the wooden duct and the entire noxious condition purified by the brine tanks. With this aid to the refrigeration pro cess, provided care be taken that the temperature never falls below freezing point, save occasionally, so that the meat will not become frozen, meat may now be kept for years, and be perfectly fresh when taken forth for consumption." St. Louis Globe-Dem-ocrat. Art hy the Ton. An American city once asked Mac Monnies, the scupltor, to enter a design for army and navy groups for a sol diers' and sailors' monument. He de clined to compote. Then the commis sion was tendered to him outright He submitted sketches of his idea for the groups. The committee in charge of the monument wrote him. asking: "How many tons of granite do you in tend to use in the base?" His reply wtis: "If you are In the business of buying granite you may use as much as you want, one ton or 100,000 tons. I am an artist, and I never yet heard of art being bought by the pound." The question was dropped until the contract for the commission was drawn. When Mr. MacMonnics re ceived it lie discovered in It a clause providing that in case the bronzes were ever thrown down from their base, by any cause whatever, and any person or property should be injured, lie and his heirs forever should be liable for the damage sustained. He returned the contract without comment, un signed. When the committee wrote hint, asking the reason, his brief reply was, "Your lawyers are too sharp." World's Work. Total Fntlnre. Mr. Ferguson was in a high state of indignation. "Laura," he said, "what have you been doing to uiy new safety razor? It's ruin ed !" "I didn't know it was a razor. George," answered Mrs. Ferguson. "Nornli tried for half an hour to slice potatoes with it, and then gave it up. She says it's of no Recount." Two of a Kind. - "Do you know, dear," said Mrs, Cum loe. as her liege lord stumbled upstairs In the early morn, "that I've been awake ior hours and hours waiting for you to come home from the club?" "That's just like a. measly woman." growled Clur.soc. "Here I've been at the club for hours and hours waiting for you to go to sleep."