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farmer and the Party wire.
When the Independent telephone conf-' pan lea Bret begun to come togetTier In conventions to exchange experience!, one fact was always commented upon with great curiosity by tlie nianngers' of town or city plants, sails' Success. This was that they Invariably met with failure in their endeavors to Induce formers to put In what are known ns "lockout'' devices by means of which every telephone on n party line becomes practically n private wire. In cities, the party line Is considered a great nuisance, because there is no privacy in conversations, and all the bells on the line are rung each time n subscriber calls. Naturally, the manag ers of plants figured that this objec tion prevailed In the country also; but; almost without exception, they found that one of the great attractions to the farmer was that his telephone did ring every time the other sixteen or twenty people oil the Hue rang up, and that he could hear or be overheard In conver sation. It was a practical demonstra tion of the social hunger the farmer has endured for centuries, and which Is now ended, thanks to the arrival of telephone competition. The I'nlveraltlea of Swltaerlaod. Geneva Is only one of the universi ties of little Switzerland. Basel, founded in li4i); Lausanne, founded as an academy In l.":!7, and as a univer sity In 1S!K; Zurich, founded in 1832; Bern, founded in 1834; Freiburg, founder! in 1889, have each secured a high educational place, though In Its historic Impresslveness Geneva Is unique. Hut Geneva and her five companions are noble Illustrations of the spirit and power of democracy. Their supfxirt is derived largely from the cantons in which they were located. Although the constitution of IMS au thorized the federal government to erect and to maintain a polytechnic school and university, the university has not been established. The can tons support their universities with a willingness which Is as great ns obtains In the States of the Amer ican I'liion touching their respective State universities. The University of Zurich is maintained by a common wealth of but 3.10,000 people, and with in an area of less than 700 square miles. Basel,' with a population of less than 100,000, supports Its univer sity. They are examples of the power of an enlightened democracy which Interests Itself in the highest educa tion. This Interest !s not couflued either, to the cause of liberal learn ing, for the technical schools of Zurich are among the best of the world. Harper's Magazine. Tired of Waiting:. The little !oy was five years old and It was his tirst year at school. One morning lie did not wish to attend so he told his mother he was very sick. His mother, being a very kind hearted lady, tried to reason with him, and said: "Just think how bad your teacher will feel when she calls the roll and she says, 'Itobert Nolan.' and there will be no little Robert to say, 'Pres ent.1 " 'That's Just It, mamma, I have said present every day and I haven't re ceived any present yet." Magazine of Fun. Thrilled. He was looking at Niagara Falls. "Splendid I Magnificent!" he mur mured. "So the spectacle touches you, too?" ventured a fellow spectator. , "Touches me !" roared the first. "Such splendid horsepower, such mag nificent energy! And me running my mill by steam! Say, It more' than touches me. It breaks me all up." Philadelphia Ledger. Shedding More Information. Mrs. Chug water Josiah, what is a pronunciamento? ' Mr. Chugwater Pronouncing amen to anything yon want to indorse. I should think you could tell that by looking at the word itself. Secret of Longevity. j "I see that Dr. Lnsalle has been com municating his Ideas of longevity to the Academy of Medicine. ' "They are those of Flourens, who set them forth' In his lectures at' the Sorbonne. But Flourens had not the same opportunities for busing his thed rles on a broad foundation of statis tics. Reasoning from analogy, he con cluded that human beings ought to live five or six times longer than It took them to attain the full adult state that Is to say, from twenty to twenty-five years. "It takes a cat eighteen months to grow up.' and the creature, If left to die a natural death, does so at an age varying from ten to twelve years. The dog takes two years, and lives to twelve or fourteen ; the horse five, and goes on to twenty-five or thirty. A well-constituted human being ought to live from a hundred and twenty to a hundred and forty. "In ndditlou to the cases of longevity cited by Flourens, Dr. Lnsalle gives u long list. Some of them take one's breath away. For Instance: Peter Cssortan, who died recently at Tenies var, in Hungary, at the nge of 183. and an old man (name not mentioned) who has Just turned his UOOth year in an asylum at Pnlsk. He burled his wife In his 133d year. Would It not be well to send a scientific commission to Pulsk to Investigate Into this Methusaleh's claim to extraordinary longevity?" To Prevent Shlp'a Boiling;. A German engineer, Otto von Schlick, who has been studying for many years the prevention of ships' rolling, believes the solution lies In a gyroscope. Herr Schlick proposes to steady ships by mounting the gyro scope In the hold, and his first expe riments on n large scale have been undertaken with an old torpedo boat. In this craft a gryoscope with a disc weiglng .1,030 pounds was mounted with a steam turbine which would ro tate it at a speed of more than 2,000 revolutions a minute. The oscillations and pitching of the vessel were care fully measured before the steam was admitted to the turbine, nnd then when the turbine was put in revolution the motion practically censed. So success ful were these experiments with the sixty-ton torpedo boat that It has been decided to proceed with a larger craft. Sending Meaaaarea In Pari. The telephone system of Paris leaves considerable to be desired and meets with constant complaint on the part of the subscribers. One of the latter en deavored to test the speed of the vari ous means of communication of the city, sending messages In different ways from his rooms In the Rue Rich elieu, in the center of the city, to a friend on the Avenue de la Grand Armee, near the Bois de Boulogne. He found that a bicycle messenger made the trip In eleven minutes and fifteen seconds, as compared with twenty-three minutes for a cab. A messenger sent via the Metropolitan Railway required thirty-five minutes, a message by the pneumatic tube three hours, while the message sent by telephone did not ar rive at all. Didn't Write to Her. Little Dorothy came hurrying home from school to tell in glowing terms about her new teacher, says the New York World. "What's her name?" "I don't know," said Dorothy. "Why, then, how do you address her?" "Why," answered Dorothy, "we do not write to her." New Orleans Pica yune. More Appropriate. . The district attorney was about to summon another witness In the great blackmailing trial. "I can't get his real name," said the attorney, "but I'll just put him down as John Doe." "But he has so much money," ven tured the assistant, "suppose we put him down as John Dough?" ' Tier Claim a to Patronnge When Mrs. Lombard offered to rec ommend Miss Simpson to her friends as a dressmaker, she was honest In her vylsh.,to help.; the little woman, but her efforts bore "more" evidence of honesty than of lact. ; ''I wish you would try Dora Simp son," she said earnestly to three of her frlentfs 'vlio were calling upon her one day. "She's nich a good little body, and so unfortunate! Her old customers have dropped off one by one, till there Is scarcely a person In the neighbor hood who employs her now. "As I of. en say to my husband," continued Mrs. Lombard, with basic, as she saw signs of Inquiry on the laces of her friends, "suppose she doesn't tit very well, that doesn't alter the fact that she !i an Invalid brother to sup port, and .! :' : lie tried everything else from pte;t::;vjhy to cooking, and only took sewing as a last resort, and just hates every stitch she takes, and al ways has. Now. do try her. some of you. Che's been with me for the last four days, making a Jacket for my Jim. Dora Is Just as patient about It as can be. though we've had It all to pieces three times." Lincoln the Lawyer. It is conceded by nil his contempo raries that Lincoln was the best all rour.d Jury lawyer of his day In Illi nois. 1'ndoubtedly his knowledge of human nature played an Important part in his success. He possessed another quality, however, which is almost. If not quite, as essential In jury work, and that Is clearness and simplicity of statement. His logical mind marshaled facts In such orderly se quence, and he Interpreted them In such simple language, that a child could fol low him through the most complicated cause, and his mere rctltal of the Issue had the force of argument. Century. Neglected Opportonitlea. Mr. Sidencr had made his first pub lic speech. His subject was good the Iniquities of industrial economy ami he hoped his treatment had leen ade quate. He was not sure. He waited for his wife's verdict, but she was strangely silent. She had listened to him from the gal lery of the town hall, and he had half expected her to meet him at the door afterward, and to say. as soon as they were out of hearing, "Oh, It was simply great, Eddy !" But they were half-way home, and she had said nothing of the kind. f "Well." hr began, awkwardly, when he could bear It no longer, "what did you think of my speech?" "What you said was all right," she answered, with guarded enthusiasm. "But It seemed to me you didn't make the most of your opportunities." "Opportunities?" repeated Mr. Shif tier. "What do you mean. Eftlo?" "Why." Mrs. Sidener replied, "you had ever so many chances to sit down before you did." He Loved Her Not. A little 0-year-old girl friend of mine came running to me and threw herself into my arms, sobbing as if her heart would break. "God doesn't love me any more," sha wailed; "God doesn't love me!" "God doesn't love you? Why, dear, God loves everyone," I asured her. "O, no, he doesn't love me. I know he doesn't. I tried him with a daisy." Harper'i Bazar. The Need. "Here Is another question that ought to be brought before Congress," said the earnest citizen. "My dear sir," answered Senator Sor ghum, "Congress now has all the ques tions it can take care of. What it needs Is some answers," Washington Star. ' Unkind. Mrs. Blondlne My late husband was jealous to the last. Mrs. Neighbors Indeed !N Mrs. Blondlue Yes. Just before he died he requested me not to wear mourning for him and he knew I look ed better In black than anything else. The Itoad to Sncceea. - Thus the public schools In the last five years have taken a new place in the lives of the children for whom they were created. Not only do they teach the three "R's," but, step by step, they help . boy and girl along the road to success that leads out from the highway of liberal education. The girl learns to be strong, womanly and wise, versed not only in the wisdom of books, but in the knowledge that every housewife, every mother, needs. The boy Is schooled in the practical gospel of self-help, self-reliance and a clear conception of the duties that fall to the lot of a manly man. St. Nicholas. "Dual DcrilK" of Mle Valley. Travelers In the celebrated Der.tli Valley of California have desiril.od thu wonderful contortions of the sand pil lars that small whirlwinds sometimes send spinning across the hot plain. Even more remarkable are "dust dev ils" seen by an explorer. In the valley of the White Nile. Sometimes two of these whirling columns, gyrating In op posite directions, meet, "and If they bo well-niatc-hed the collision stops them and n struggle ensues as to which way they shall twist. Gradualy one gains the mastery, and the two combined rush on together." Some of these whirlwind will strip the clothes from an Arab's back, or send a goat spinning round and round like a top. Qoeena Taller than Klnira. There Is hardly a king In Christen dom to-duy whose wife does not over--top him by a head. King Edward Is quite six Inches shorter than Queen Alexandra. The Czar is overtopped a full heud' by the Czarina. Kaiser Wllhcl.ui is of the medium height, but the German Empress is tall, and that is why the proud Kaiser will never consent to be photographed beside his wife, unless she sits while he stands. The King of Italy, short and squat, hardly comes up to the shoulders of the tall, athletic Queen Helena. The King of Portugal, though fat ter, is less tali than his Queen. Even tiie Prince of Wales is shorter a good four inches than tlie Princess. The young King of Spain Is several Inches shorter than his new bride. The Queen of Denmark towers above her royal siwuse. HI Awful Fate. Giles According to the coroner's verdict, a mob composed eutirely of women was responsible for Green's demise. Miles How did it happen? Giles He accidentally got near, n bargain counter where $1 shirt waists were being sold at 98 cents and was trampled underfoot. Columbus Dis patch. Didn't Mind the Machine. "I hope," said the renter of room No. 1197, "that the rattle of the typewriters in my office doesn't annoy you." "No, sir, it does not," responded the crusty capitalist . whose office was No. 1199; "hut their gabble does annoy me exceedingly." Chicago Tribune. Ilia Turn Coming-, "The boys are saying that Gayman cleaned you out in the little game you had at the club the other evening." "He did but I've bought the summer hotel at the resort over in Michigan where as always spends his vacations. Don't say anything to him about it, will you?" Krlendahlp'a Tribute. Mrs. Wellon (trying on her gorgeous bonnet) How do you like the effect? Mrs. Chillicon-Kearney Why, it's won derful. You have the right idea. There's nothing like contrasts, is there? Simple Life. Aunt Mary Tlie Idea of you marry ing young Wiggins! Why, he can't raise enough money to buy a square meal. Pretty Niece Oh, that doesn't matr ter; we are going to visit among our relations.