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24 AM1 VOLUME XVI. ST. JOHNS, APACHE COUNTT, ABIZONA-5CEKRITOBY, SATURDAY. MARCH 31. 1900. NUMBER 28 r 1 y INSURE YOUB, PROPERTY AGABTST LOSS BY FIRE IN The HOME MUTUAL INSURANCE Co. OF CALIFORNIA. Isaac Barth, St. Johns, Arizona. C. M, 4 M, I, General Merchants, St. Johns & Springeryille, Keep Only the Best Quality of Goods at LOWEST CASH PRICES: Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Boots, Shoes ETEI?YTI3:i3SI C3- ZFOTntsTjD I3ST -A. FIRSTCLASS ESTABLISHMENT. ST. JOHNS HERALD. The Bank of Commerce, In ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., DEALS IN FOREIGN EXCnAX .TE AND ISSUES LETTERS OF CREDIT. Solicits Aocoun'.s Jinil Off rs to Depositors Every Facility Consistent with Profitable Banking. DIHECTORS i X. 8. OTf-RO. President J 0 BALDRIDGE. Lumber. 7. C. LEONARD, Cnpitalist. B. P S MUSTEK. VIro Tr siclcnt . A. KJSISMANN. Eisrniann Bros , Wool. W. 8. STRICKLE K. C .sliit-r A. M. BLACK WELL, Gross, IUackwell & Co . Grocers, H. J . DMEEoON, A.-sist Cashier. W. a. MAXWELL, Wholesale Druggist. Depository for Atchison, Tnpeka & Santa Fe Railway. FIRST NATIONAL BAN United States Depository. Authorized Capitar 8500,000 lafd irt Capital . 100,000 Surplus 50,000 TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. S. Ravnolds President JC. W. Flournoy Vice .President Ji. A. keen . ..; t ashler F: McKea ..Assistant Cashier Directors A. A. Grant, A. A. Keen, M. W. Flournoy, J. S. Reynolds, F. McKee Depository of the Atchison, Topeka& Santa' Fu and Santa Fe' Pacific railroads. GUSTAV BECKER TjIVTTjT jJjIiJj.. 1 p u ..AN. . S.j, Sp riiigex ville, Ariz., H 'Keep constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of Bry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Boots rxxd. Slioes And everything nsually found in- a First-Class Establishment. Any article not Stock will be furnished' on special order and op short notice. GA1B1LIEI1 BEQSi GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Oo33.o13lo9 Arizona. Published every Saturday PERKINS-HOWE Co., Publishers & Proprietors. E. 8. PER&tNS, BU8IKESS MaKAGEE. filtered in the Postottlce at St. Johns as second class matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One vear .,$2.50. Six monfFis $1.50 Three months ...$1.00 ADVERTISING RATES. 1 inch 1 inos. $1. 2 mos. $1,50 3 mos. $2. 6 mos. $3. 1 year $5. 2 inches 1 mos. $1,50 2 mos. $2,50, 3 mos. $3. 6 moa. $4,50 1 year $7,50. Rates on large contracts given on application. WAfjTrtD SEVERAL BRIGHT AND HOnES persons to represent us as Man a ers in this and dost- by counties. Sal ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight, hona-fide. no more, no less salary. Posi tion permanent. Our references, any hank in any town. It is mainly office work conducted at home. Re ference. Enclose self-addressed stamped envel ope, the jjominioh uompany, iepi, a , Chicago. rnii Mate, Ranch Supplies of any Description jk.xid. of tlie Best Quality. WATER RIGHTS. Pmf. Elwood Meade, at the 8th session of the "National Irrigation Congress at Missoula, called atten tion to a matter, which is- Decerni ng more and more important to armors, namelv, water rights. "From being like air and light," said Mr. Meade, u thb common property of all, and equal to meet- ng the demands of all, water has become eo valuable' that controver sies over its appropriation are com- ng to be waged with ingenuity and fertility of resource only equaled by the imnortancR of the property ought to be controlled, and by the ndifference of the public as to the result. If farming under irriga tion means that those engaged must raise crops simply to p:iv awyers' fees, there is no question that the ultimate verdict will be that a dependence on the uncer- ainties of rainfall is to be prefer red to the uncertainties now attend ant on the diversion of streams, and that the vicissitudes of the ouds are less to be dreaded than constant attendance upon the courts. Mr. Meade made a strong plea for a general system in measuring ivers, in supervising the issuance f titles to water, as is done in the urvey and disposal of public land. An evil of state court decrees, he said, is that the decrees ignore the rrigator. It is largely held that water' is the exclusive property of the company owning the canal: Mr. Meade, however, holds that rights for irrigation should be in separable from the land reclaimed. The United States Agricultural Department is instituting irriga tion investigation and Mr. Meade states that this work is destined to have an inestimable value in pre senting in reliable and comprehen sive form the facts regarding the time of j'ear when water is needed the volume used, and other neces sary data. These investigations are destined to do more, however. Lbwl Prices and Courteous Treatment Your Patronage is Earnestly Solicited. rjiaair Candelaria. Eosalio Candelaria. A..mbrosio Candelaria. thatl t0 promote the reform of wa ter contracts-, and to act as guides to conrts and irrigation companies. They will show to t(io- east that ir rigation, has more of Benefits than of necessities to the east as well as to-the west, and the fact that the 5 I general government is rich in some thing besides, public land. "As it is now," said Mr. Meade, "practically all of the' 600000,000 acres of public land might as Well be on the moon for nil the good it does the homeseeke and the riv ers only a source of expense be cause there is no agency to direct their conservatio&.'aud 'use." Irrigation from the Manufacturer's Standpoint. That more general interest is be ing developed in the irrigation problem for tire west is shown by the attention given tlie subject from the standpoint of eastern man ufactures. The secretary of the St. Louis Manufaturers' Association, Mr, Tom T. Cannon, delivered an; address to the delegates to the Ir rigation Congress at Missoula, Montana, in which he stated that while, as an individual, he had no inteiest in irrigation, as an Amer ican he was deeply interested in seeing what was virtually new ter ritory developed and reclaimed, "I feel," he said, "that this is a national question, as much so as the improvment of the harbors a long the oceans;- as much so as the improvment of great streams for navigation from one end of the country to the other. To what ex tent federal aid should be given is to be determined by those men se lected to represent the people in the halls of congress. The ques tion is one which interests the manufactures of the east for the reason that any policy which tends to develop any section of the coun try affords a market for the prod ucts of manufacture, and any pol icy which develops one section ex erts a reflex influence to benefit all other sections." The Demand of the West. In the course of some remarks Judge W. H. Stilhvoll said : "Congress has made appropria tions for rivers and harbor im pro v mentB. But excepting7 the appro priation which congress has made for agricultural colleges the farm er has received comparatively lit tle consideration. A strong rea son why the federal government should . attend to the distribution of its waters is that in many cases reservoirs would have to be built in one state for the purpose of con serving and holding water for dis tribution in anther state. -The fed-. erai government alone is in a po sition to do such work. Iain in favor of the government retaining its public land, selling it a it has sold it to the homeseeker; con Revving the water b. that it- may be distributed to the irrigator for the lowest possible price and the profit to be realized from the cultivation of the soil secured to the home builder rather than to corporations formed to sell water to farmers." Hiindeds of Millions of Arid Acres. The sentiments expressed by one and and' all of tlve western men show that the west is a unit for the policy of urging upon eastern con gressmen and others the rights of its section of the country to gov ernmental aid in reclaiming its ar id lands and developing its latent resources. The great west, which constitutes one half of the domain of the United States, and where lie the bulk of the hundreds of mill ions of acres of public land, will demand a just consideration of its claims for recognition at the hands of congress which has not yet been accorded to it. Duties of the "Ditch Rider." are built and operated, its main purpose evidently being to inform those to whom the subject is new and strange, and thus enable them to avoid the costly mistakes to which beginners in irrigation farm i ng are liable The difference is shown between ditches built and operated by indi viduals, corporations, or districts and the difference of methods of operation. The detailed organiza tion and management of the canals are described, especial attention being given to the duties of Che "ditch rider," the official with whom tmrTarmer comes Into most frequent and intimate contact. His duties consist in patroliin the ditch throughout the season of act ual operation for the purpose of seeing that the works are in good repair and to superintend the prop er distribution of water to the va rious stockholders or irrigators from the system. Where a ditoh does not exceed 12 or 15 miles in length one rider is expected to pa trol its entire length, init upon more extensive systems several may be required to perform these duties. she mights Jiave filled in the field of labor wifl bring greater happi ness than the thought that the ef forts she has made in this direc tion have been crowned with suc cess. Southwestern Stockman. A PUnEjytAPE CftCAU or TARTAItPOWSZA HOW GOOD ENGLISH IS REALLY LEARNED. If the pupil always hears correct English from his teachers and is al ways corrected when he uses in correct English he will acquire a correct use of the language without spending several years studying books devoted lb rules and their t many exceptions, diagram?, pars ing, spelling lists, etc. After the pupil has learned to use correct English,- while teaming something else which he writes and talks a- bout, five hours a week for one school year is all that is necessarv for the systematic teaching of En glish grammar. Deseret News. mm POWDER Highest Honors, World Fail' Gold Medal, Midwinter Fair Arold Bafcin;? Porrde.-s containing alum. They are Injurious to iieaiUr EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. editor, -a., nvrisrixr. HOME TRAINING. The Rocky Mountain region and its development under irrigation is the subject of a publication, issued for free distribution by the Irriga tion branch of the Department of Agriculture. It was prepared by J. C. Ulrich, an irrigation engineer of Denver, and desciibes particu larly the states of Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah and Wyoming. A wise man has said : 'If I could lay down the rules which should govern the home life of the growing generation, I could make Earth a Paradise." While there may have been considerable egotism display ed in this remark, still there is a vast amount of truth in the state ment. It is in the home that the foundation of tin moral or immor al life is laid,. The example set, the constant guiding hand, the pointing of the wrong and the right way, the installation of correct ideas, the advantages of self re straint, the duties we owe our fel low man, the penalties of selfish ness, the habits of industry, the strength that comes with self re liance : all these mny be taught in the home. In proportion as they are properly taught will be the re sult visible in the product. Even the peculiar or incorrect use of lan guage used by the parent becomes so thoroughly instilled into the child's mind, when heard through oiit its childhood, that years and years of different associations,, the most careful course of training in our best colleges and a painstak ing effort on the part of the, indi vidual will not fully eradicate them from his vocabulary suffi ciently to prevent him from using them at times, when he is not care fully choosing his words. This shows how important to future usefulness is the education of the child, It shows that in other mat ters as well, the early training U what makes or mars the future man or woman. When we hear the mother who lias a tamiiy ot nrignt, responsive children bewail her fate, because she cannot go out into the world. a& is the fashion today, to engage in business, to teach, lecture or whatnot, it becomes', plain to us that she is either wholly unfitted for the great responsibility she has assumed or has failed to grasp the grand opportunities lying with in her reach. Under the prespnt social system, the rearing of the child falls almost entirely upon the mother, it is hers to nobly fill that calling or shirk her duty. In that field she has room for all her talents. If she has natural gifts of high order no worthier subjects could be found upon which to em ploy them than her own offspring. Every spark of intelligence which she possesses can find uses in the work she has before her. Each day will show her the results of her labor. She can watch the growth and development. of the character. If she builded wisely, Today 31st. is the election of school trustees. No other public official has more to do of the bus iness portion of school work which relates directly to the opportunities to acquire a good common school education, enjoTed by the youths of our country. The position of school trustee has been called "a thankless job;J' and yet there are many people who realize that there is much responsibility resting on the trustees, and appreciate the honest, well directed efforts of their school board. No man or woman who has a voice in the election today, should fail- to attend to the duty of select ing good persons, interested in ed ucation, anxious to build up the homes by building up the schools, who will secure good teachers even if they do cost a little more, and d.O all they should do for the girls and bovs of our homes. Many of the teachers employed in the schools of the territory are i "T"" residents of California and other states. It is very fine of course to have good friends come in to help us educate our youths, but it ap pears to be much better for the permanent growth of our institu tions if bur friends from abroad, instead of leaving at once after the close of their term, would remain and invest their hard earned Arizo na school money in one of the mir merous enterprises the result no I doubt would be much more satis factory to all concerned.. This change means the expenditure of thousands each year in Arizona. but are now entirely lost to her in dustries. ; - rool weather of December and Jannarjr will begin going to seed daring the lat ter part of March or early Aprft, regard- less of the size then attained If the weather durinu the five or six months previous to that time is not too cool, s satisfactory root-growth vill he made be fore the tendency to put forth blossoms takes possession of the plants. The re suits from these antnmn-80vn beets were as follows. Average weight of beet3 8.3 ounces ; yield of beets per neri, 7. 9 tons, per cent sugar in beets, 11.5 j purity coeficient, 79.3. If the beets had grown to the size they did during the preced ing mote favorable, winter, the slant was sufficiently good forsatisfactory ton nage. While waiting for them to reaclr a fair size, many them began sendin gwp seed stems. This probably accounts for the low sugar percentage. Beets sown during October and Nov1 made such a slow growth thatthey wer e not harvested. A sowing, made durin g December, ISOSi previous to cool rainv . weather resulted in snch a poor stanc? that the plat was plowed and reaow& during January. WINTER-SOWN PLATS'. During January and February, 1S9 9?) about an acre of fine adobn soil was sown Tlie characteristics of this soil, as deter mined last, year by the chemistr were a follows: Maximum water capacity, 57.62" per cent ; percent of material finer than 0 o mm. (1-50 inch) in diameter 99.82 uercentof humus, 1.5&; per cent of N trogen, 0 09. Two of the ten pliirs4 fnt e which the aero was divided were bowiv to Vilmorin and ihe remainder to K lein The GVst sowing' was made January 18 about the close of tho rainy season, in soil irrigated amt plowed dui ingOctoher, but not subsequently ir rigated before planting. Said the Irishman' to one who had' befriended 'him': "May your honor live to cat tho hen that scratches over your giave." WORDS OF LINCOLN. Fellow citizens, we cannot es cape histon Gold is good in its place, but living pariotic men are better than gold. A nation may be said to consist of its territdry, its people and its yield of beets per acre. 11.5 tons; per The rest of the acre was thoroughly ir -rigated through furrows two feet apart just before beng plowed for seeding. The soil became so thoroughly and deep -ly saturated by this method that th e plowing and needing were delayed some time, tine intention having been to ge ed during early February. When the soil had dried. sufficiently to bear a team, a harrrow was run crosswise ot the fur rows filling them wiih the drier soil o the intervening ridges, and thus pre venting the baking and the cracking so prevalent in adobe soils. When it vra 3 plowed and harrowed, there were fewer cloda than if ti e land had been flooded in accordance with the prevailing custom in the region . Two sowings were made, one February 13, and one Feb. 26. Tha seeding was done with a Superior four row drill. All the ten plats of the acre wero cul tivated as nearly alike as practicable their treatment differing principally iiy the times of irrigation. One object w a to determine how early beets sown in moist, heavy soil during cool weather needed irrigation; and a second object to determine how many subsequent ir r'gatfons were necessary. Plat 1, Bown January 18was sample d June 12, giving the following lesnlts r Average weight of beets, 11.4 ounces; laws. I claim not to have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have controlled me. SUGAR BEET EXPERIMENTS DURING 1899. By Alfred J. McClatchie. The experiments with sugar beets have been confined during the past year to the Station farm near Phoenix. The principal object in mind was to gather data upon the irrigation of the crop. Other points involved in the experiment were determination of the best time to sow the seed, the definite limits of the season of satisfactory germination of the seed the best time to harvest the beats and the changes that take place as they remain in the soil during the latter part of the summer. AUTUMN-SOWN PLATS. The beets sown September 21, 1893. were harvested March 30, 1899. The' period from November 1 to Febiuary 10 had been unusually unfavorable for tlie when her I growth of any kind of vegetables. Asa life work is drawing to a close, she can look upon the results of her past labors and feel that they have result, the beets had not attained a prop size when the warm weather of spring caused them to begin to blossom. The ovnai'ioiina rf tlo rvich ln-n onnonnn The bulletin explains how ditches .not beea in vain. Noplace which Bi0ws ibat tie beets started beta th cent of sugar in beets, 12,8; purity too - ficient, 79.2. All the plats were sampled four time s after the foregoing date At tha thneo. 1 the first two samplings, the tonnage was computed . In each case, a considerable portion of each plat was dug, the beet s counted and weighed to determine aver age weight and yield and a fractional part sent to the chemist for anah'sis. Plats 2, 3, 4, and 5 were located where heets wee grown the previous year; while the remainder of the plats were upon adjacent land that had been occu pied by alfalfa until a few months before seeding to beets. Hence the results from the four mentioned are to com pared among themselves only. EFFECTS OF PREVIOUS CROP. Plats 2-5 inclusive gave lower yields than plats 6-10 sown later. Thi3 was due evidently to the fact that beets had been grown upon the tormer during the previous year, while the previous crop on the others was alfalfa. There seems to be no other reason why the two ad (Continued next week.) Prevention is better than cure. Keep your blood pure, your appetite, good and your digestion perfect by taking Hood's Sarsaparilia. Hood's PilSsact harniomouslywitlj Hood's Sarsaparilia, gentle, efficient- .