OCR Interpretation

The St. Johns herald. (St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona Territory [Ariz.]) 1885-1903, March 31, 1900, Image 4

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94051692/1900-03-31/ed-1/seq-4/

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. tlsltisr Agent, 21 Slot-chants' Exchange
ISatldlDsr, San Pranciicot Is onr aufhorixed
ent. This papcris kept on fttelahisofiice
If you don't take the HERALD, you
won't owe us for It. If you take the
HHRALD and pay for It, you won't
owe us.
.Tie CaptalK of a Modern Wrlil
Mut Be a Brave aaa
Heady Man.
Of all on board, the man who stands
-in the greatest peril is the captain. In
the battleships and cruisers his position
Js in a cylindrical box of steel, placed
just under the bridge, well forward,
which is called the conning tower. The
armor of it is tbiak enough ordinarily
to resist the psnetration of heavy pro
jectiles. It contains the speaking tubes
and electrical wires whereby he com
municates with the guns, engines and
helm, and sometimes apparatus where
by he is enab'.ed to fire the guns him
self after they are laid upon the enemy.
His field of vision is limited to what be
can see through a little horizontal slit
on about the level of his eye. In point
of frightful "responsibility no situation
In the world an compare with that
which is occupied by the man who
stands in that tower and directs the
movement of his ship. After the conflict
once begins the din about him will be
something infernal. Upon him the fire
of the enemy will be concentrated, and
upon the exterior of that steel drum in
which be is shut up there will be a
continuous bail of iron and steel. Shells
will burs.t everywhere around it, and to
that babel will be added the roar of the
force blast under the engines, the tre
mendous reports of the heavy guns, and
the din of the quick-fire and machine
guns in chorus. In .such circumstances
as this, aided by such knowledge as he
can get by looking out through the little
peep hole in front of him as well as the
smoke will let him; the captain must
control the tremendous forces under
his command, and his decisions are mat
ters of seconds.
Nobody now believes ihat a captain
who finds his vision through the slits of
the tower cut off by sraok'e, will stay
thus shut up. It is extremely doubtful
If it wIl be physically possible for him
to remain there after the shells com
mence to hammer its sides and burst,
against it, and, in any event, the intense
anxiety to see and know clearly what
the enemy is doing will inevitably lead
bim to take his chances in the open.
Conning tower or no connoing tower,
his duty is to place himself at whatever
point he can manage his ships to the
best advantage, and this be will cer
tainly do. Lord Charles Beresford, with
grim humor, has suggested that the
captain's safest place is not in but be
hind his conning tower, "because then
he has two thicknesses of steel between
himself and the enemy, don't yon see?"
but while conning tower armor may re
ist penetration, it is by no means cer
tain that the whole structure will not
be swept away by the first heavy pro
jectile which squarely hits it.
As for the admiral, there is nowadays
no rigging for him to ascend, and he
would be promptly blown out of it if
there were. In fact, after a fleet en
gagement has begun, there is no place
for him at all. He has no business in
the conning tower, no business at the
guns. He cannot verj" consistently go
below, and he cannot stay on deck.. It
lias been proposed to build a separate
armored tower for him, or to take bim
off the flagship, and put him on a rnull,
swift vessel, so that he could choose his
position and conveniently give his ord
ers by signals. The difficulty with this
would be that the enemy would concen
' trate-his fire on that tower or ship with
the certainty of sinking the latter, and
rendering the former uninhabitable.
The problem, therefore, is still un
solved. Against the effect of a torpedo if it
gets to the hullr there is no safeguard.
The heaviest battleship is just as vul
nerable as the lightest gunboat. The
'best that can be hoped is that the de
struction will be limited to a few com
partments, so that those remaining in
tact will be sufficient to keep the ship
afloat. But this only puts off the evil
liour. As the vessel becomes water
logged, her speed falls off and her
maneuvering capacity is reduced, so
that the enemy may then pick hiS;.posi
tion of advantage and shatter her with
his guns or administer a coup do grace
with another torpedo.
Altogether the prospects of one's com
ing out of a naval engagement unhurt
are far from bright. Even the wounded
stand a poorer chance than was the case
in the old wooden ships. How the sur
geons are to get at them with the vessel
divided into a honeycomb of compart
ments with no direct interconnection
where they can be conveyed directly
from the guns without traversing doors
and passages intricate and many is difli
cult to understand. Those who happen
to be stationed in the battle ships di
rectly over the torpedo or handling
rooms. may perhaps be lowered at once
to ssurgeons there placed; but what is
to become of the rest in more distant
positions is not clear.
All of this goes to show the great ad
vantage of the almost perfect discipline
- and drill, now prevailing in the navy.,
; Indeed, it never has been so completely
recognized as it is at the present day
tbat the best protection for a warship's
crew is their own fighting capacity. No
armor is so efficient as celerity of action
and good gunnery. That ship will win,
and Incidentally save the greater num
ber of lives of its men, which first plants
an effective projectile in a vital part of
the enemy. The sea fight will uot be
gained by the ship which withstands
the most pounding, but by the ship
which pounds hardest and quickest and
.so destroys or impairs her antagonist's
pounding capacity. It is that swift at
tack and superior marksmanship which
above all else characterize the crews of
the warships of the United States, and
It is in just this that the Spaniards are
jmost deficient. N- Y. Independent.
Post Ofiec In a Itock.
Recently, consequent on the institu
tion of a house-to-house delivery Of?let
ters in the district of Morvcn, Argyll
shire, one of the most primitive post
offices in the United Kingdom has fall
en into desuetude. It had never re
ceived the sanction of the postmastr
general, nor was it amenable to any
.of the s'l'Bngent rules governing other
jsfiiijes. ' Situated high up- among the
lonely hills, half way between Drimnin
and Barr, and about three miles from
the nearest habitation, it consisted of
a simple slit in the rock, closed up by a
nicely fitting stone. In the good old
times, and, indeed, until quite recent
ly, -when any letters for Barr and neigh
boring places came to Drimnin post of
fice they were carried by the first avail
able shepherd or crofter to this isolated
depository in the rock.. Here they were
left, sometimes for many days, until
there should happen to come that way
some other shepherd or crofter who
might feel inclined to find it convenient
to deliver them at their destination.
N. Y. Journal.
Seeing: by Wire.
Nearly two years ago it was an
nounced with some sensation in most of
the daily newspapers that a certain
Jan Szczepanik had invented an appa
ratus for seeing by wire, much in the
same way as one can hear by wire
through the medium of a telephone.
The publication of his patent, in due
course, however, revealed nothing more
thzn the old selenium cell idea of phy
sicians in a dress of no very startling
novelty, and it was fair to surmise that
Szczepanik was no different from the
many working at this enticing problem,
except in so far as he had been indis
creet enough to make a premature an
nouncement of success. London Elec-
Unenviable Experience of a Gordon
Highlander In a Fight
Tvith Boers.
A private soldier in the Second bat
talion, Gordon Highlanders, recounts
an experience in the following letter,
indicating that the marksmanship of
some of the Boers ut least is better
than has been alleged:
"We, the Devons, Imperial Light
Horse and others, had a fight at Eland
slaagte with the Boers, and I never en
joyed myself so much before. You
first have to get christened to fire, and
then you think nothing of the shells
bursting about you, and the bullets
which go whistling past like bees. j
"We went forward by 50 yard rushes, !
and at every rush you could hear a
groan, and down -would go one of our
comrades, either killed or wounded,
poor chap!
"When we vere miles from the ene-
my they opened fire on us with shell,
and as we were going along in mass
one of the shells burst on the left of
the, company and -one of our men of
my section Bobby Hajl got shot
dead with a piece of the shell going
straight through his head. That was
what made more than one wish .to
turn and run. But what would Britain
dojf hersqldiej ran'from the enemy?
"At last we got to where we could
get a-shot at the Boers, with our rifles,
and, you iiiaybet -we gave them more
than one, as, perhaps, the papers have .
told you; "
"I got through the rifle fire down
tc the bayonet charge on the hillside,
when 1 felt a sting in the left arm,
and looking down found I was shot
in the wrist. In changing my posi
tion I got shot in the center of the
forehead. The bullet did not go
straight through. It glanced off my
nose bone and came out above
my right temple. . . . On looking
round I was just in time to see the
blood squirt- from the first wound.
"I shifted my position in quick time,
for I did not want another from the
same rifle. I lay still after doing this
for awhile, when the thought came to
me to get my wrist bandaged and try
to shoot again. On changing my posi
tion I goto .-bullet right in the 'nap
per. I was out of action then, for all
was dark I heard the officer I was
going to get the bandages from say:
'Poor chap, he's gone.' But no, I am
still kicking." N. Y. Herald.
List of Fatalities Last Tear Coisl
erably Lower Than lor Pre
vious Tear.
The annual report of the supervising
inspector general of steamboats, which
has just been made public in the form
of an abstract, contains a highly inter
esting exhibit of the numbers of lives
lost at sea from American vessels dur
ing the last calendar year, together
with other important correlated infor
mation. It appears from this document
that the total number of persons
drowned, or who came to their death in
other ways, was 404, which is a consid
erable increase over the previous year,
when the aggregate of fatalities was
123 less. This increase was due to the
foundering of the steamer Portland off
the Massachusetts coast during the
great gale on the night of November 27,
1S98. Every one of the 127 persons on
board perished.
Of the total of 404 86 fatalities were
chargeable to accidental drowning, 213
persons went down with wrecks, 13
succumbed to fires, 31 were killed in
collisions, 24 were the victims of ex
plosions or of accidental escape of
steam, and in 37 cases miscellaneous
causes were reported.
The chapter on destruction of vessel
property shows that 4S vessels met with
accidents, seven had fires, 13 were in
collision, eight experienced a breaking
of steam pipes, two had explosions and
18 encountered snags and wrecks or
developed leaks. As the duty of the
supervising inspector general's office is
to ascertain whether steam vessels have
complied with all the safety require
ments in the matter of live-saving appli
ances and relative to the condition of
ooilers the report may be considered a
favorable exhibit. The destruction of
tile Portland- wasnot due to laxness on
the part of inspectors, but to the reck
lessness of her captain, who insisted on
putting out to sea in the teeth of a fierce
Except for this disaster, the loss of
life would have been comparative!
small. Only two vessels were damaged
by explosions an excellent record con
sidering the extent of steam water
traffic. Baltimore Herald.
English, to do; American, Dewey;
Spanish, done. Montreal Herald.
The battle him of the republic Ad
miral Dewey. Philadelphia Record.
The eagle was 7,000 miles from home
when it happened, but his scream was
distinctly audible. Clevland Plain
Dealer. j
j Ino, the name o Dewey is not found
i in the dictionaries, of prominent men,
but so much the worse for the diction
aries. They will have to issue revised
and enlarged editions. Boston Herald
Dewey crept into the bay under cover
of the night, and was ready at dawn.
The Spaniards know what a Dewey
morn is like now, even if they cannot
understand Eiujiish. Indianapolis
The only thing that Dewey lacked
was the presence of several millions of
his fellow-citizens in the amphitheater'
formed by the hills that inclose Manila
harbor to "root" for him. Otherwise
the affair was typically American.
Des Moines Leader.
Admiral Dewey is a Chevalier Bayard
of sailors. To refrain from firing upon
a powerful shore battery because the
crowded city of Manila was in exact
range was as generous an act as ever
honored a warrior in the heat of battle.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
The Demand for Them Now Far.
Exceeds the Supply.
Germany Suffers from a Greale
Shortage Than Any Other Na
tion What Has Caase the
At the beginning of 1899 the total
number of men in the service of the
German navy was 23,400, including the
officers and engineers and a few sur
geons, gunsmiths and paymasters.
From Berlin it is reported that with
the rapid growth and proposed further
increase of the German navy there has
been an increasing scarcity of trained
young sailors. A few years ago Ger
many furnished a large part of the
crews of English vessels, but to-day the
crews of German vessels are partly
composed of foreigners. With the doub
ling of the German navy, as contem
plated, this difficulty will increase and
steps are being taken to meet it. At
Bremen the North German Lloyd com
pany is organizing a cadet school to
train young men for Uxe company's
The demand for additional sailors in
Germany, is not limited to the govern
ment ervice, however, for the two
chief German lines 'of ocean steam
ships have, collectively, crews of 4,800
sailors, exclusive of the lines connect
ing German ports with other countries
in the enormous and constantly in
creasing German. shipping trade. Here
tofore a country supplying many other
countries with sailors has been Sweden,
but the increase of foreign commerce
of that country and the demand for
Swedish sailors for Russian ships has
diminished the number of such sailors
available. Moreover, Germany is only
one of the countries in which there has
recently been an extensive development
of the naval armament and an enlarged
demand in consequence for sailors.
At the beginning of the year 1898 the
total number of men in the naval serv
ice of Great Britain was 100,W)0, of
whom 70,000 were officiallj described as
"officers and seamen," and 2O.0G0 were
"marines." Since then a further in
crease of 6JOO naval men has been au
thorized and the transport service of
the English government to South Af
rica has made necessary the increase
in the number of sailors.
There has been a vcr3 considerable
increase of sailors in consequence of the
enlargement and improvement of the
United States navy, and the demand
for them in the merchant marine of
the country harrbeen increasing corre
spondingly. The American line em
ploys 2,500 sailors, and the enlargement
of ocean travel this next summer to
and1 from the Paris exposition will make
further demands upon the service of
sailors in all trans-Atlantic lines. Two
European countries which are adding
considerable to their naval equipment
arc France and Russia, and the in
creased Dutch commerce makes neces
sary the employment of a consider
able number of D lch seamen under
the home flag, Dutch sailors having
excellent repute and numbering in all
more than 40,000, of whom less than
10,000 are in the naval service of the
Sailors almost "uniformly, it is an
axiom of the sea, come from countries
having a large water coast and from
parts of the country nearest to the
coast line. There are, it is computed,
a quarter of a million sailors connect
ed with the navies of the various
coutries and 750,000 sailors employed
in commercial navigation, England,
the United States aud Sweden ranking
in this order in that regard. Ger
many, France, Italy and Holland are
large commercial nations, too, and it
has been observed generally that Ger
man sailors come from the northern
provinces of the country, particularly
the Baltic and the North sea, while
French sailors almost uniformly are
drawn from the two provinces of Brit
tany and Normandy.
The threatened dearth of available
sailors, which some German compa
nies are seeking to provide against by
the establishment of a cadet school,
affects other countries as well, and
unless all indications are at fault the
demand for sailors next summer will
be more extensive than ever before in
the world's history. N. Y. Sun.
Sitturn's Satellite.
The latest discovery in the southern
hemisphere is the satellite of Saturn,
discovered at Harvard from the exam
ination of photographic plates taken
at Arequipa, and only made known to
astronomers a few months since. On
three photographs of Saturn taken in
Aiigust, 1898, Prof. W. H. Pickering
detected a faint point of the fifteenth
magnitude, which had relative motion
among the neighboring stars. Further
examination showed that this tiny
point, which no mortal eye has ever yet
beheld, must be a satellite of Saturn;
and a study of all the photographs now
available shows that the body revolves
about Saturn in about 17 months, at a
distance of 7,000,000 miles. T. J. J. See,
in. Atlantic.
The average man never eats green corn
without looking like he wanted to put
his foot on it.
You can generally judge a girl's
stockings by the number of holes in the
fingers of her gloves.
If women had whiskers there would
have to be policemen stationed in all
the barber shops every Saturday night
Most men would rather be downtown
working than home listening to their
wives singing while they, are doing up
ihe dishes- . -
A blindness comes to me now and then. I have it
now. It is queer I can see your eyes but not your nose.
I can't read because some of the letters are blurred; dark
spots cover..them ; it is very uncomfortable.
I know all about ir ; it's DYSPEPSIA. Take one
of these ; it will cure you in ten minutes.
What is it ?
A RHarr Tabule.
WAHTEU.- A csea of bad hoTtb thai R-PP-A-X-S will rot benefit. Thry Danish pain and pmlnnc W'
W One Klvf s rrllof. Note Uie orl R'PPAIfKiii tliepAt-ki.gr nnd"sceept no ut-rttuie. K-l-r-A
19 for 5 uenu or tw-lrp p&ckrU f..r i rent, may e tind Kt any Urtnc sinr. T i mmpli- mid i.r iii
tamt tMtlSMtetaU will be mllrd to zaj add rem for 5 ctuti, forwarded U Ui RlpaiuVhermciil C.. N
B Sprue St., New Yorfc.
A woman always prertends to smile,
and be so interested when her husband
reads her where it says in the paper
, that Turkish women aren't allowed to
talk above a whisper in the presence
of their husband's relatives. N. Y.
List ef Specifications as Glvem ta a
New Iaw Just la ESect
la Russia.
A Russian law. which went into effect
1 January 1 last, declares the following
, list of weights and measures: The
i basis of Eussian weights is the pound,
j which is practically of the same value
; as the English pound,
j The basis of the Eussian long meas
ure is an arshine, equal to 28 English
The fundamental measure of time is
"sutki" (day and night), consisting of
24 hours, according to the average
time of the sun. An hour contains GO
; minutes; a minute, 60 seconds. The
I hours are counted in St. Petersburg
i according to data of the Nicolas I'rin-
cipal observatory at Pulkova; in other
localities, according to their geograph
ical longitude.
For measuring surfaces square meas
ures are used. For measuring the sur
face of land the dessiatine (two and a
fraction acres) is equal to 2,400 square
Cubic long measures serve for meas
uring the volume of bodies.
For measuring the volume of dry
substances, chetverts (about five bush
els) are used.
For measuring the volume of liquids
the vedro (about two gallons) and its
subdivisions are. used.
The international, meter and kilo
gram and their subdivisions may be
used ia the empire in bargains, con
tracts, estimates, etc., on the mutual
consent of the parties interested. De
troit Free Press.
No Other State Retains the Ancient
Institution "The Hundred. "
A Relic of Old Asirlo-Saxom Dmys
CorresfioBdiBff to the Tons
ship ot Early New
Delaware is the only state in the
union to r.etain that ancient Teutonic
institution, "the hundred."
There are, to be sure, hundreds set
down here and there on the map of
Maryland, but they are not true po
litical entities, for the lowest subdivi
sion cf the county in Maryland is the
Even in Delaware the hundred has
lost many of the powers and functions
that belong to the hundreds of England
in Anglo-Saxon days, but it is still a
local division of unusual interest.
If there is no longer a "hundred court
there are hundred assessors and read
commissioners, and within the sub
division a large survival of local self
government. The Delaware hundred corresponds
as nearly as may be to the New Eng
land township, though there is no hun
dred meeting like the town meeting,
for pure democracy has died out of
Delaware save in the school district,
where there is an annual school meet
ing, at which the people may enact
school laws, levy school taxes, and elect
school officers.
Even here, however, pure democracy
makes a poor showing, for in many
school districts only a handf ul of per
sons attend, and the school.officers have
to elect themselves over again year
after year.
The hundred differs from the town
ship in another respect, and that is in
being a district of large area from 15
to 40 square miles.
Political activity in the hundred
shows no sign of decreasing, but the
importance of the hundred has beem
somewhat lessened by some provisions
j of the new constitution.
I Before the adoption of this consti
tution each county elected its delega
tion to the legislature on a general
ticket, the French scrutin de liste, but
party custom required that in making
nominations the party managers
should see to it that candidates were
equitably distributed among the hun
. dreds. Now, however, the counties
have been divided into representative
. and senatorial election districts, and
these districts are not hundred. Whatr
ever party custom may do in the mat
ter, representatives will stand, not for
hundreds but for districts; and so sen
ators, , . . . . .. - -
Hundred names in Delaware are in
teresting and significants Many hun
dreds are named for their bounding
creeks, as Mill Creek, White Clay
Creek, Duck Creek, North West Fork,
This last is merely the corrupted
form of a Dutch name, meaning mother
stream, but a legend has been invented
to explain the name in its corrupted
English form a legend to the effect
that white settlers on the creek per
suaded a number of Indians to get in
lino in front of a cannon and then
touched it off, with the result that
much savage blood was shed, and the
water of the creek was reddened.
Some hundreds are named from old
post road taverns, about which vil
lager grew up, as Ked Lion, Black Bird
and probably St. George's. Most of
the hundreds have English names.
One, however, has a Swedish name,
Christiana, in honor of the Swedish
queen who ruled when the Swedes es
tablished their first settlement in Dela
ware, in 1638. At- least one is Indian,
Aphoquinnimink. One or two are
Dutch; one, Eehoboth, is Hebrew,
though the accent has been improperly
shifted from the first to the second
syllable, and one is Welsh.
This last is the hundred of Pencader,
more accurately, Pencade, the name
meaning "the great hill," was given to .
the region by Welsh settlers who came
in the first decade of the Eighteenth i
century and established themselves '
within th- shadow of Iron Hill, which
thej' 'naturally enough called Pen
codor, as it is the most notable emi
nence within sight.
Several of the hundreds of Delaware
have well recognized social peculiari
ties, inherited from the settlers of the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The lands in Pencader hundred are
st'll occupied in considerable part by
persons bearing Welsh names. Chris
tiana hundred and its neighbor, Wil- I
mington, still contain many descend
ants of the original Swedish settlers.
Philadelphia Press.
Search Lights nt Fires.
An electric search light, mounted up-
on a wagon resembling in general ap
I pearance. an ordinary fire engine, is to
' be added to the equipment of the New
York city fire department. An engine
and dynamo, carired by the wagonr
supply two lights, each having an 18
inch lens. The light can be either con
j centrated on a particular point, or
spread over a wide area, and if neces
sary the lamps can be carried to a dis
tance from the wagon, the electric con
nection being maintained with insu- ,
lated cables. The object of the search
light engine is both to illuminate dark
streets and corners where the firemen
have to place their hose and to throw
light into windows and upon roofs
where people are to be rescued from the
flames and smoke. aouth & Compan
The United States bought 869,623
pounds of Mexican coffee in Septem
ber, paying for it $62,929.
Mexico's purchases of lumber in Sep
tember were over $100,000 three times
whnt tbejv were in September, 189S.
Mexico bought $25,484 worth of furni
ture from Uncle Sam' a 50 per cent, in
crease over September, 189S.
Over $28,000 worth of United States
boots and shoes were sold in Mexico in
September, against $7,138 in September
of 1898.
Mexico's purchases of United States
agricultural implements in September
were $28,335, against $17,390 the pre
vious September.
In builders' hardware the United
States' tales to Mexico in September
were $30,056, an increase of 50 per cent,
over the previous September.
About $6,000 worth of Mexican
oranges were purchased by the United
States in September, says Modlern Mex
ico in a resume of September business
between the two countries.
Mexico is one of the United States'
best customers in the sewing machine
line. September's sales, $18,200, and the
total for the first nine months of 1899
over $200,000.
Nearly 7,000 tons of sisal grass were
exported from Mexico to the United
States in September, its value being
$S77,762. This shows an increase of 400
per cent, over the same month in 1898.
Scientific and electrical apparatus
sold by the United States manufactur
ers in Mexico in September amounted
to $31,328. Mexico buys more exten
sivelj' in this line of goods in the Unit
ed States than does any other country
in the western hemisphere.
Q&rem raw Eangg. s
tlTJrIa Special Offer Prica$15.50
xsd freight cbfcrces.
average & cents for each 600
your own come, aa we
tbe sreatMt value over offered by any fcouas.
tlementa,ofrertnfr unknown aitUsn unci or varices names, Ritfc Tirljcsla
SMtaenU. Write tome frktid lattletgaaaSIearawhoertwIUMeaadwhfiarsna
the BURDacK &vsy
eraus aicmxR made, with riik
iiuhis ur auii.
best taaLrra
ft-ara tao
can bar.
casters, adJuspLIe
siw i SMi 1 1 iibmii ' i iim ii i
150.00, id then If convinced that jou are saviujr t.00 to flO.W, pay your freight &sea the SIB SCL
JQCR 815.50 if at any time -within three months you ssyyoa are not satisaesl. OMXR TO-DAT
DELAY. (Sears, Roebuck fc Co. are thnnrat-h!v rellabie. Kditor.)
Address, SEARS. ROESUCK & CO. (IncO Chicago, HI.
m IflWri r i fin -nn
Shoot Winchester Ammunition. Made for afl Kinds of Guns.
FUEL Send Name and Address on Postal for 158-page Illustrated Catalogue.
EUGENE f Given Free
r illu o
to raoh person inter-e-ted.
in Mib.erlbin!r
h t the rugene Field
v inumci!t sruvi-i'ir
Ji Fund. .Miiisf-ribe any
y ammint d sired, sub
Zi si'tit on 1 w as $1.00
y will entitle d mnr to
Ji th:s iimt:ly artistic
y vo uuv' Cirtled
THE Book o' the 4 "F1ELD:FL0WER5
.century. Hand- h c:oth hnmnxiu.
soniely Ulustled. v as a t erilh ate ot sud-j-ir'ption
to fund. 1 he Fund area ted J
divi ed qrallv between the family of the
la'e Eug"tie Field rnd ihe Fund f rt'ie
build. ne o'a monumeut t- tht memory
of .he be-oved iost of childhi od. Adileas
FUND. iSo Monroe St.,CHtCAGO, ILL. A
( (Also at brokstoroa ) If vou also wish to )
j- send postage, t-aclosc 10 cts.
Please mention the Herald when anetverlng:
this Adv. is our contribution to Fund.
There are 13,000 distinct varieties of
postage stamps.
London has about 548,300 inhabited
About 180,000,000 bunches of bananas
are consumed annually in the United
The plan of vacant-lot cultivation has
been abandoned in Boston, no land be
ing available.
The volume of water emptied into the
ocean by the Yukon is greater by one
third than that of the Mississippi.
A flying machine covered a distance of
140 yards in France the other day be
fore it came down with a crash.
In 1794 the habitual users of theEng
lish language did not number more
than 30,000,000; in 1897 their number
was estimated at 110,000,000.
Postal card duns are mailable, it is
claimed, provided a threat of plaeing
the account in a collector's hands does
not- accompany it.
Thoman's estimate for the number
of acres planted to cotton in the coun
try in the present season is 25,004,522, as
against i5,718,674 acres in 1S97.
A well on the Sobotis road, nearLew
iston, Me., is stocked with shiners, and
these the family sells to fishermen for
bait. When a purchaser calls, a pail is
lowered, and brought up filled with the
glittering little fish.
Nathan Willis, a colored man, of Con
way, S. C, was recently executed there
for the murder of a boy. He expected
that his wife would be present ut the
execution, but he learned that she had
married another man soon after he was
Building bricks are being manufac
tured with recesses in the side to re
ceive wood plugs, to which beads and
woodwork can be readily secured.
Bicycle handlebars are being coated
their entire length with a mixture of
ground cork and shellac, so that riders
can grasp the bar at any place without
coming in contact with the metal.
To protect newspapers against resale
a new press attachment places a metal
clip on the outer edges of the paper,
which must be torn loose before the
paper can be opened for reading.
Two Michigan men have designed' a'
pneumatic shoe form or last which can
be inserted in a shoe and expanded by
inflation to stretch theahoe or hold an
iron last in position for clinching nails
in the sole.
Fence posts are being made with cav
ities in one side, with grooves at the
bottom to receive the wires forming the
fence, which are held in place by re
taining plates screwed into the cavities,
thus forming a fence which can be
taken up easdlj.
A new vehicle tire is composed of an
inflatable tube on the running surface
of which is placed a V-shaped shoe of
cork toughened by immersion in a
heated liquid composed of alcohol, cam
phor and glycerin, the sole protecting
ihe tube from puncture.
Blank cartridges can be used in a re
cently patented burglar alarm, which
has a metal barrel to be attached to the
door by a screw, with a sliding yoke
actuated by a V-shaped- spring to strike
the cartridge as soon as the door is
pushed open.
First Waiter "How's the new
guest?" Second .Waiter "Tip-top."
Town Topics.
t-O. oat uud aissd to 113 and
w will m! vni ni-n umu
Almic tin..
beat material mmey
P lEfl S m M.
dosed UhwddropptaRlrta sltuobe SSefifSS?
orck.Ji.t&c .other opeuwitU fult length table sad Iheadta iSr-for
treadle. sencInoSnsjth iron cf crd. fiu nirt 5
. Ti'.p j . ji r i v r jorany ssciue. automatic
bobbin xrtnder. adjustable bearing putont tension Jtleror.taproTedlSi
wheel. ndjustableuressure foot. improved shnrtl carrier, patent ncrile
patent drM saard.hMdl.W.omel.r fifcnrttrf and oraiaratrd axl ..aiHlTili;
Ic&rrtrisoiHt. GUARANTEED tbrlUblrstnunlnir, ta: durable sad Btsm
BOisrlm raathlne made. Srtrj taonn attsctiseot It rsrnUbrd and onr Treo la
structioa Boot tells just hovraayone can ran Itand do either plain or anr
kind of fancy work. A 20-Tears' Binding GunrtrHs ssr.twJtb. eTery aachiseL
IT COSTS YOU NOTHING ftoiI!M,forai're,a1!!,r
All Desirable Calibers xsd Weights
Model 1 895. SO Army caliber, -weight 8 1-4 pounds.
Model 1894. SO TV. C. F. caliber, "Extra. Light,"
vreight 6 1-2 pounds.
Model 1894. 30 TV C. P. caliber, "Take Dotm,"
weight 7 3-4 pounds.
Model 1892. 44and33caliber,"TakeXk7njy'-Hreight-
7 pounds.
Model 1886. 45-70 caliber, "Extra Light," weight
7 pounds. -j
Fraticts B:u;on Pianos, established inr
New Yoik 1789, made hy the oldest firm?
in the United States : strictly high grada
in every respect, equal to any piano made
and at very moderate prices, taking into
consideration the quality of these mag
nificent instruments. General western
office. Howurd W. Foote & Co., 307-309
Wabash Ave., Chicago. Agents for Ari
zona, St Johns Drug Co., St. Johns, Arizs
Write for prices csvtulogtte etc.
persons to represent us as Man
gers in this and close by counties. Sal
ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight.-bona-fide,
no more, no less salary. Posi
tion permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self-addeased stamped envel
ope. Tiie Dominion Company, Dept. 3,
Chicago. '
A Book Fob Every WOMAN
ky -
has become a household necrssity In thou-nds'
of fatnilii' nnd would n lieveautTeriPK and less
en doi toi's fei-s In ?,0C0.CCO more, tokoiogy is
uncqnnlUd in its i radical advice towemtn:
Nest to the B b.e tie best bock ev-i writUn,
SAMPLE PAGES RKE! icnt prtraid: GKuhv
$2.25: Morocco, 2.75. Addres .
Mention The Herald when you wrlie.
The expeence .f C. A, Snow & Co. in qbtaln
ing more shan 2J.00O imtenfs for Inventors
eaablen th m tohelpruUy answer many ques
tions renins to the protection of intellectua
property. This they have done in a pamphlet"
treating briefly of United Stutes aud foreiga
patents, with cot of s.nme. nnd how t p o:ure
tl m; trale marks, dosigna, cave4s. infige
m nts. decisions in leading patent caes. etc.
This p mphltt will bs fent free to any one
writing to ('. A. Snow & Co , Washingto11
TO THE DE F. A rich lady.rnred'
of her Deafness and Xoisepin the Had
by Dr. Nicholson's Artificial- fistr
Drums, save $10,000 to this Institute
so that daf people unable to procwre
the ear Drums may have them free
Address No 183- The Institute. "LTif
oott," Gunnersbury, London W., Eng
Sevrinff Machines wo manufacture and their
priced before you purchase any other.
The new Home sowing machine Co.
W Union Square, W.Y. Chicago. El. St.LauH.3Co'
Dallas, lex. 8unPteicisco.
Atlanta, Ga.
Aa Ideal monthly magazine of Fashion. SlUUiery
rugs stlo s aa I Homo Topics, fully Uluatrated.
.Ilclpful Hints for Dres making each month. Sob
f crlptlou GO ceutt pt r-yexr. Send-5cent3f araaiapla
copjr to
'Rnvthirur toU Jnvcuc Of iirprove; o 8?
H- e. a, snow & co.;
1 e- - r ixfi.t. tin. I mirif I
I Piteut Lawyc". WASH IN GTO si , D.j?. '
tke MEW HOffiE

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