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. kbiksb t x x; trr T t in i a i i s ' : w 1 i ("w tai iv- iib i i HkHe r i-b rii y ii i i i v-vaw - . I ill III! I WJmm. 11V r-. ,- J II , .. Wfljf 1 I I I I II . Til F HI In . II i . II II II MKT- JJb . - ST. JOHNS. APACHE COUYu ABIZONA-TEKRITOEY, SATURDAY. MAY la. 1900. NUMBER 34 sf A. & B. SCHUSTER, GENERAL MERCHANT -o- Wanted several BmaHT and nonsT ( Wiujji- he realises the distinction much that is (lone, vet persons lo represent nsas Mann between a ftsv objects aiul-manv of;fu clmn2e3 of the nnst more than one can fully understand bv readins the Salt Lake naners nun nnui.ei. u. r .eii.re, any Fjied4n theiDOWcr cU measurement, bank in any town. It is mainlv ornce ; i ...... lie must get an inttelinue sense of the difference between large masses and small massen, man v. objects ?er8J a VR y000"""-. -the -sme Kind, he is beginning to bonit-fide. no more, no less salary. Pjsi-rgrasprthereat generalization 'im- any work conducted at home, lit ferenee. Enclose Relf-addreHfied stamped , envel ope. The Jiominion Company, Dept, 3, Chicago. HOLBROOK, A. T. ST. JOHNS, A. T : Vrnvry in. Stock a Fili ird Certtplef e LlMe of Ranch and Greneral Supplies ftpferc purcltaxliisr elsetrliere get oh r .Prices, G m I JLfiliB M AffAI Alt General Merchants, St. Johns & Springerville, Keep Only the Best Quality of Goods at LOWEST CASH PRICES: Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Boots, Shoes JFIRSTCLASS ESTABLISHMENT. The Bank of Commerce, In ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., DEAL9 I.V FOREIGNfEXOnANKAKP ISSUES LETT ERS; OF CREDIT. 6oHcitjAocotin nud O.rs to Depositors Everj Facility jjj Coiis.stent with ProQlKLle iantuig. '-fi a S. OTf-RO. T'roKirlent. J O BALDRIDGE. Lumber W. C. LEONARD. Cnpitalist. m. r a jiu rbK, vifc siucnt a. i-.istji.i.fl. kisoinaiin Jiros . wool. At S. SI UICKLER, 0 .shi'-r A.M. BLACKVl.Il.,-Grosj, IMat-kwcll & Co . Grocers, - ' II. J D JIEEaON, Assist" 'Cashier. AV .u . MAXWELL; Wholesale Druggist . ' Depository for Atchison, Tnpeka & Santa Fe Railway. ST NATTOJ ST. JOMS HERALD. Published every .Saturday PERKINS-HOWE Co., Publishers & Proprietors. E. 8, PERKINS, Business-Manas Eit. E.itered intherPostoilice atSt. Johns as second class matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One vear. - ,$2.50. Six months $.50 Three months .$1.00 ADVERTISING RATES. 1 inch 1 inns. $1. 2 mos. $1,50 3 mos. $2. 6 mos. $3. 1 year $5. 2 inches 1 mos'. $1,50 2 mos. $2,50, 3 mos $3. 6 mos. $4,50 1 year $7,50. Rates on largo contract? given on application. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. and few objects, before he can at all comprehend that there are def inite degrees of value.. Intelligent children. tt-te pleasure in compar ing one thinjr with another. They love. .1 p-' measure -iind to weigh ar ticles iirininiatu re scales; they con tin.uully note differences between objects, and altho their distinc tions -lire always crude and some times absurd, they .. .occasionally show surprising sharpness in find ind out contrasts. This faculty of discerning differ ences' is closely allhd to what is I called mathematical faculty. Yet how many parents will applaud the child who shows readiness to re peat numbers and frown down the "nonsense" of curiosity as to rela tive weights '.and' sizes, or the child -who insists on details. Woman's Home Companion.' the wonder- past, zu years, is fully understand i Lake papers regularly. I had an opportunity of El wood Mead, who is carrying on this work in the field, "for a, more j - - l systematic investigation to deter. mine the volume of water used inj the growth of.crons, both to ascer-i A PURE CRAPE CREAM OF TARTAR POWDER a short visit with many former res- tain the requiivmehts of different! ide.nts of Arizona; and some o f crops and of different climates, and j them have not improved their con-1 to determine the relations between SNOWFLAKE GLEANINGS. Miss Bessie Neidecken, who has completed her term of school at A. Carrow's on the Big Sandy in Mohave county, has returned to Flagstaff Sun. -T.'ie following educators will be in charge .qi thciuma schools, next;session,ayB the Sentinel: Prof. Conner, Mies L. Dorrington, Miss G. Priest. Mrs. Coimor and Miss.Marv Post. 'Well, this Is great, I must! say .,r "What"? "Our French teacher sends a note to ask that if we meet any of her friends in Paris, we will -kindly not mention that we studied with her." -Chicago Record . 9 United States Depository, Authorized Capital v.... ....$500,000 Paid in Capita! 150,000 Surplus 50,000" TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Ionium Si Raivnohls M. W. Flournoy .. Prank Mt-Kee -! 4 IT I- President . . .Vice President ashler .Assistant Cashier Nearly all the schools of the country districts have closed for the year, and yesterday Superin tendent Cox apportioned $4,200 to pay off the teachers. This leaves only the schools of Prescott, Con- 'grejjs and Jerome still in session. Journal-Miner. Depository of tho Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe and Santa Fe Pacific railroads. GUSTAV BECKER, GENU Sp ringer ville. Keep constantly on hand a large and well selected stock of ; D&y "oods, rfeaceries, Hardware, And Qverything usunllj' found in a First-Class Establishment. Any article not stock will bo furnished on special order aud on short notice. CANBELARIA BROS, :rm m-i rr i I bipmaii i tin i ap. OoncliQ. Arizona. Ranch Supplies of any Description Low2j?nce$ A.ncl of tlie Best Quality. tfrCounteous Treatment Ht Wlii -ur Patronage is EarnesiyJSolicited. ariar Rtalio'Candelaria. Ambrosio Canclelaria. .This office acknowledges the re7 cei:)t of ah invitation to attend the Dedicator' e.xircises of The North ern Arizona Normal, to be held in Normal Study, Hall, on the 11th inst., and the Banquet in honor of theGovernor and visiting Members of therNnnnal Board. Banquet at New Bank Hotel at 10 o'clock on the same evening. Tho occasion will be, no doubt, made memorable by addresses from Gov. Murphy, Supt. Long, Maj. Mc.CIintock, et al. We do not hesitate to assert that the Up tri-date Educators, and the good people of the Skylight City, will maintain their former good record for hospitality and enter taining abilities-. TEACHING A CHILD NUMBERS. It is unwise to teach the child to run over the names of numbers without associating the name with any meaning. "He can count to five to ten." boasts some thought less parent, when the baby-tongue has repeated the string of one. two, three, etc. And but little, more useful is the plan now followed of having baby count objects, such as spools or pennies. " All this is ar tificial training, Bure to disappoint our expectations in the end. For some day when baby is displaying his little accomplishment he makes sad blunders. He puts five be fore two ; leaves out four altogether aud when questioned thinks three is more than six, and shows utter ignorance, of any power of genuine counting. This is not at all sur prising. The words .one, two and soon mean absolutely nothing to him until there has grown up in May. 2, 1900. Editor, St. Johns Herald, Dear Sir:-r- In looking over our last issue, and' especially tho Edu: catinnal department; lam remind ed of some very interesting visits recently made to the B. Y. P. A. at Provo, and some also at the city schools : especially one at tho Web stcr Schools, under the direction of Supt. Keeler. At Provo,-1 was in troduced to Prof. Brimiiall. bv i . i , , wnom we were very coruuiiy re ceived and two young ladies from your County were sent to escort us through tha-building. The Aoade my is strictly a church school and is 'i.ccoinpirsjiingVrftuch "good in that direction. The city school, a- boyo mentioned, was strictly up-to date; and after witnessing the en trance and departure of 900 pupils in the best of order, every one in step and apparently happy and contented : it brought forth favora ble comment for thoso in charge. The' music was furnished by some pupils who operated upon a piano iiKlhe lower corridor- playing 4 & 6 handed pieces, . with a precision that was delightful. In visiting tho different rooms, each .depart ment was examined at their spe cial work, and. a more interested school faculty would be difficult to find. Many new-ideas were notice able that could be profitably intro duced at home. This being my -first visit for 20 years; you can readily imagine the great changes that have taken place; instead of tho mule street cars, everything is run by e lectricity. Street cars, and electric lights was a grand sight. My cu riosity led me lo the power house of the city car system and also of. the lighting department. I was in troduced to the master mechanic in charge, who kindly showed me. a- round. The power house" was idle, two Corliss engines, with boilers, dynamos &c, were in good condi- uou aim couiu oo starteu in a very dition as yet, whilsLothers are do ing well. Not being satisfied with what I could see on tho streets, I rode up to Ft. Douglass, and viewed and had explained to me the great growth and changes-that "were ap parent everywhere. In starting out from home, our Company numbered six persons, which was increased at Navnjn Springs by Mrs Schreeves, Mr. & Mrs. Davis, and Mr. & Mrs. Chap man, all of St. Johns ; and a verv pleasant trip was experienced, from 2 p. m. of April 1st. at Holbrook, till 9 p m. of Apr. 3rd at Salt Lake City. I suppose ever)' one of the party had thiir ospecial business to'at tend to, as I saw only a few of them again by u mere chance; and found upon my return to Holbrook that one couple had preceded me ju3t24 hours, and as to the bal ance of the visitors, they raust.toll their ' own slorv. Havimr once! more returned, to my family and friends, and having gathered up a few of the loose ends scattered a rouud by my boys during my ab sence, I am trying to plow and plant such things as are in season, and look after the improvement of the little town called, Snowflake. Scribo. the variations in tho demands of j crops aud the fluctuations in the I tow of streams. This information is needed as a" basis for the proper diversion of streams by ad minis tra'tive officers. It is needed by canal builders in order to properly design these structures and it is needed by farmers to promote the saving of water and thus limit los ses thro an adequate supply, or to extend the acreage which can be cultivated. Iiiiti Htm Woik of Investigation by El wood Mead. While for a great many .years there has been much talk of urg ing upon Congress the neceFsity and importance of reclaiming the Arid West through a series of in ternal improvement by the govern ment, there has beeu but little se nous o.r concerted enort made in this direction. Great undertak ings are hot accomplished in a siir gle year of agitation and some of the.most beneficial measures ever enacted were before Congress for a long period of years. But the failure of the government thus far lo appropriate money for reservoir construction has led some men to assert that it is useless to make any further attempt to induce Con gress to render this desired assist ance, This is certainly a very su perficial view of the situation. rhe records of Congress show that until the last two years almost no thin has been attempted in the way of introduction of bilb, urging the matter before committees or any other direct work done to accom- plis the construction of storage res- short lime; but the power was fur-! . e i . i ' . . iu made by some few men that be- nished and the electricity gonerated in Cottonwood Canon and trans mitted to this place thru two small wires at an intensity of 2500 volts which was reduced at this place by a machine, resembling a dynamo, to about 600 volts and passed thru the street car cables and lamp wires at that amount of force. Each car line was self registering in .this room by an indicator that showed the horsepower being expended up on every line and which was record ed aiUomatically from the different indicators by a general indicator ai a regular time each day. The gen tleman in charge took pains to ex plain an! simplify every thing to ject and regularly appropriate con my understanding. In attending the Conference, I was surprised at tho many changes that are in evidence. I re membered sawing some of the tim bers in the roof of the tabernacle with whip saws, many years ago, also the foundation being but 3 ft. above the ground in 1861, when I first came to that place in an ox- cause Congress has not, during the past twenty years, favorably con sidered the proposition, and has int appropriated anything for the building of storage reservoirs, that therefore it will be just as well for the West to give up such a use less campaign and combine on some other policy ,amust be consid ered as a weak and nerveless view. FEDERAL RECOGNITION. Altho the policy of national aid in the building of storage res ervoirs has not yet been established yet Congress is fully alive to the imoortance of the lrrigatim sub- PRACTICAL MEASUREMENTS. Measurements should be made to show the utility of storage reser voirs and the part thev can bo made to perform in both saving the crops of farmers now living along streams and making it possible fur others to settle there. Without a definite knowledge of the variation which exist between the use of wa ter in different months of the irrir gation season and the fluctuation in the discharge of a stream, we can only conjecture as lo the amount of flood water available for storage," It will be.no small task, accord ing to Mr. Mead, to put into shape a correct and intelligible guide which may be reliod uuon as an authoritative summary of the data on which tho development of the irrigation system of the great West should be founded. THE CANALS of EGYPT. The great system of canals that afford fertility to Egypt has been developed at an expense of fearful suffering and labor on the part of its constructors. Many of the larg est of the canals have been built by unpaid labor, or what is known as the corvee. When Mehemet Ali, at t he beginning of the century, be gan the canals which today cut up the country, corveds of more than 300,000 men were seen, drafted from every part of Egypt, digging the Mahmoudieh canal. At that time the labor demanded annually bv this despotic power correspond ed the employment of 450,000 la-j borers for tour months. The poor fella. us who were thus driven to onerous labors, usually recejved no benefit therebj' to -their own lands. The methods employed in excavat ing were the most primitive. The only tools used were the fass, a kind of large hoe and tne couffin, a basket woven from the stems of palms. The corvee was usually divided into diggers and carriers, and children frequently constituted the latter. The corvee was direct ed by none .too gentle overseers. In the digging of Egvpt's canals, the lash has played . an important part.Guy E. Mitchell. TIMELY HINTS FOR FARMERS. NO. 15. Dehoring Cattle. BY THE STOCKMAN. BAI Highest Honors, World's Fair Gold Medal, Alidwinter Fair Avoid Bailing: ToTrdcrs containing: alum. They ere Injurious to health t;!i(ed by some und has the advantage of taking off the horn where oilier means sometimes fail. (.'Uppers de signed for the purpose are more con venient and as n rule more uffiVient. In the case of old .ininmls not only do the horns themselves be. omo very hard but the socalled pith assumes a bony rhar aeter such that it is sometimes impossi ble to cut thorn with clippers In such cases the use of the saw must be resort ed to. The mistake of sawing offthe horns some distance from ths head is wometimes made; the idea being that it is less painful to the animal tlutn taking them off close. Not onlv is tne onent- tion no less painful but the remaining nubs detract from the appearance of tho animal and sometimes row, thus de feating the object of dehorning. Wheth er tho saw or clippers aro used the horns should come off .close to the skull, al ways below the line where the skin grows about tho base of the horn. There is sometimes a considerable loss of blood, whu h riiav be lessened or ontire- ly stopped by a simple method of "ty ing the artories". These arteries lie mostly on the side of the horn toward tho ear so that by drawing a string tightly around both horna and tying, nressure is brought to bear on the blood vessels and tho flow of blood is stopped. After the string has been tied the press ure may be increased bv bringing the front and back strands together over tho top of the head and fastening them. In somfi cases cutting the horn close to the head makes an opening into the cavity of the skull. In such cases it 13 well to put a little medicated cotton over the opening to keep out flies and dirt. Should the animal in a day or two live evidence of pain by shakinir it3 head, an opening should be made in'thc cotton to allow tho escape of matter which ia sometimes formed inside. When a saw is used it is almost neces sary to have a chute in order to proper ly hold the animal during the sawing operation. If clippers are used tho uso of a chute will save time but is not necessary. Whilo tho boms of young animals are more easily cut than those of old ones, the operation is mors painful and usually accompanied bv a greater loss of blood on account of there being more sensitive tissue and a great er supply of blood vessels in the soft growing horn. Tho best time to dehorn cattle is when they are calves, and the younger they are the better. Some will not agree with this statement, believing that animals never having herns retain their desire to fight and simply bunt instead of hook. During the first fow days of the call's life tho horns to be are simply little but tons that aro not attached in any way to tho skull. They may then be removed bv tho use of a sharp knife, or by clip pers made for the purpose, with very tit tle pain to the calf and little or no loss of blood. Various chemicals and commer cial dehorning fluids have been used for the destruction of the voung horns. In tho uso of liquid preparations the great est of care should bo exercised to pre vent tho spread of the fluid. The use of caustic potash is perhaps the most to je recommended, it being cheap, easily ap plied, and efficient. It comes n sticks which for the protection of tho fingers, should be wrapped in paper when han dled. A stick costing ton cents wdl ie horn ten or adozeiT calves." The hair The thought of saying something up on this subject was suggested lo the writer b' seeing a promising voung bull should be clipped from the horn and skin suffering the loss of his horns, by what immediately surrounding it, the potaslf Beemed to be a mo3t barbarous method. The poor brute tiad been thrown and was lying with three feet tied together, his head fastened to one post and one hind fot drawn back by pulley and tackle to another. Three men aud a boy were workfng about his head help- dipped in water ami the moistened end rubbed upon the horn. Kepeat this or 4 times or untill part seems sensitive. A scab forms where the caustic ootash has been applied and when that cctnes off the horn comns with it. There is no ! wound made and theref ire no danger of ing to saw off the horns The dry pow-j trouble from flies and screw worms, dery manure of the corral was used to j With tin? writer this method of Dehorn stop the flow of blood. The operation ng has proved effective on calves up to bis mind the sense of quantity, train, and tho I had helped to do siderable sums for stream measure ments, reservoir surveys, irrigation investigations, etc. The present: agricultural bill carries $35,000 for irrigation investigations by the De partment of Agriculture and appro priations have been regularly made by Congress for such work since 1S90. The Department is now do ing active work along this line. 'There iseed' says Professor 1 -.1,- . . . 1 01 uenorning must cause some pain uiu it need not be accompanied by such rongh handling as to endanger the future usefulness of tho animal dehorned. There aro few men, if any, who have handled hornless cattle that do not ap preciate tho advantages of dehorning and who do not strongly advocate its; practice. Not only' is danger of injury froi.i hooking avoided but the animals j are more quiet and peaceable, giving ; better results in tne milking conal and , the feed lot. With the loss of their j horns they seem to lose the desire 'to; fight. It is no longer a, question as to whether cattle shall be dehorned or not but a question of when and ' how to do J it. ' The oldoriginal mathod.of "dtthorning was by my ot tin; aaw a month old. Ills Alart Suspicion. "Did you say the man who talks or coming lo this place has money to burn?" said the citizen who had been complaining about the way things are run. 4Yes, sir; that's thephrase I used; 'money to burn " "Well, v.e don't want him. I can see through him. He's one of these op pressors. He wants to burn all the money he can git his hands on, so's to make it scarce." Washington Star. Prevention is .better than enre. Keep your blood pure, your appetite good and your digestion perfect by -taking" Hood's Sarsaparilla. Hood's Pills act hamioniousIyTvit-i It is still advo- Hood's Sarsapftrilla. getitle, eifi7ieiifcv-..