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."Si. ST. JOHNS, -irPACHE GQXJjigEY, ARIdN-A TEKRiTOH,- SATUBDAY, MAY 6, fSC5b. NTJMBEB 36 r ,:tK'. A. & K. SCHUSTER, GENERAL MERCHANT! WOLBROOK, A. T. Carry I Stck FaOl aad Complete JMae ! Ranch and General Supplies. Brr jrarckasXagr G. M. & H, I., General Merchants, St. Johns &Springerville, Keep Only the Best Quality of Goods at LOWEST CASH PRICES: Dry Goods, Groceries, FIKSTCLASS ESTABLISHMENT. 3 5&&ta9 The Bank of In ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., . ! i)EAL8 IN FOREIGN EXCIIAX jE AND ISSUES LETTERS OF CREDIT. 'a, t - - Solicits Arcotm a Mild Off rs to Depositors Every Facility maii0m$mmmmm-'-- , Couetatent with i'tofitablo Bonking. K. 8. OT'-RO. PrfsWent J . C BALDRIDGE. Lumber W. C. LEONARD. Cnnitalist. n. r s uusiKK, vice rr sifient a. hiHtMA.si. Kiscmann Hroa , wool. VT. 8. 8TRICKLER. O- shi -r A. M. BLACKWELI., Gross, Blaokwell & Co . Groccra, II. J. DrfEEdON, Absist. Cashier. W. A. MAXWELL. Wholesale- Druggist. Depository for Atchisorc, Tnpeka & Sanfa Fe F?aifway, FIRST NATIONAL BANK United States Bepository. Authorized Capital ... . . .. 500,000 Paid in Capita! 150,000 Surplus- 50,000 f TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS, Joshua S. Raynolds , President M. W. Flonrnoy .... Vice President Frank McKy ; ( ashler CA. Hfcwka Assistant Cashier Depository of the Atchison, Tbpefca!c GUSTA V EMU MES Keep constantly on. hand a large and well selected stock of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, nd' everything usually found in a First - etock will be furnished on special order CANDELARIA BROS, GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Ranch Supplies of any Description ": , -Atndt of tlie Best itlrfv tb2ifrfes arrcfc Courteous Treatment t Your Patronage is Earnestly Sbficitecf,, 3raan..Candtlaria, RosaUo-Gandelaria.- &mposio Candelapia. ST. JOHNS, A. T. Isewhre srct enr Prices Hardware, Boots, Shoes 1009000 Commerce, Santa Fe and Santa Fe Pacific railroads. BECKER, r un Class Establishment.' ami. on-short notice. Any article not Oil. WANTED SEVERAL HEIGHT AND HOnEfiT persons to represent us as Man a gera in this and closp by counties. Sal ary $900 a year and expenses. Strath t, boria-fide, no more, no less salary. Posi tion permanent. Our references, any bank in any town, ft is" mainly office Work conducted; at home. Reference Enclose self-add reused stamped envel ope. The Dominion Company, Dept, 3, Chicago. ST. JOENS HEftALD. Published every Saturday PERKINS-HOWE Co., . Pufelfchers & Proprietors. E; 8. PERKINS, Business Manaseb. Catered in the Parsiotttce at St. Johns as second . . class -matter. . SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One year ,?2.50. Six months $1.50 Thftfe moTiths .$1.00 ADVERTISING RATES. 1 inch 1 mos. $1. 2 moB. $1,50 3 mos. $2. 6 mos. $3: 1 year $5. 2 inches 1 mos. $1,50 2 mos. $2,50. 3 mot? $3. 6 mos. $4,50 1 year $7,50. Rates on largo contracts given on ap plication. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. EDITOR. -A.. dJJSTlST. ' Wishes without work wait a wea ry while. The Yuma public schools closed last Friday for the summer vaca tion. My designs and labors And aspirations aro my only friends. Mask of Pandora. The school at Navajo Springs has closed, nnd the teacher, Miss Wheeler, will visit Denver nnd the East. Miss Emma Peyton, who has been teaching school in Gila Coun ty, returned to her home in Flor ence this week. Florence Tribune. How do you accomplish so much in so short a time? was asked Sir Walter Raleigh. "When I have a thing to do, I go and do it," was the reply. There is perhaps one person who should be pitied more than the pu pil who knows nothing, and thatis the toacher who pretends to know everything. The teacher who sees only his routine of work and feel's fYo sense of awe in regard to its magnitude and his own responsibilit', has not the frmking of a cood teacher. Miss Macie Glidden has received the appointment of teacher of the Mount View school and A. J. O'Connor for Kenil worth. Botjh are excellent appointments. Prof, A. G. McAlrster writes to the Florence Tribune, wishing the address of his paper changed to ! Prescott, which place-he will make ha headquarters' for the summer. He will return in time to- take charge of the Florence" pubfic schools. as principal. Tribune. aI wish that meddlesome old pro fessor would stay a-way from my studio." "Dora-he annoy you?" "Yes, lieT8-been coming in here and trying to identify these birds I've painted." Chicago Record. Miss Amelia Hunt, one of Apache county's most efficient and popular teachers was visiting rela tives in this city, Saturday and Sunday Miss Hunt has just fin ished a- very successful private school at domjlro afc which place 6he will instruct a music class dur ing" the summer. 'l TT James S. Freeman reports thai he is ma-king progress-in taking the' school census. He lias already en rolled . .over 480 names and hy thfoks the enreii'merHr will- arac-tFnt to betweep,GO04aL 650 this year. As an evidence of tire interest tak en in the school by parents, tft. Freeman, saj's that thus far ho has only found three children who have not attended school during the year. Journal Miner. 'I suppose vo(i are profoundly absorbed in your graduation prep arations, Miss Fluffy?" ' Yea, indeed. Pa and Aunt Jane arehelping me on my essay, and I'm jliaVdetermined- tht ma shall get tripAi white organdy froek with satin ribbon oiv the rufnes."--'Chi-cngo Record. v . Last week the editor of the Her ald, in company of Dr. Ruddfvis He'd the private school in Spring erville -and found the teacher, Miss Flngg, busily engaged in teaching a roo'm'fu'l of bright eyed boys and girls. The people of Springerviile believe in education and they are liberally, patronizing Miss Flagg who is proving herself to be a very competent and untiring teacher. The term will continue thru most of the summer. Four years ago Arizona" spont the sum of $152,438 to pay her teach ers' salaries, and held $428,935 of school property. To understand something -f the material growth of our school system, compare the sums with the amounts found in like columns of Governor Murphy's report for the year ending June 30, 1899? teachers' salaries, $178,114; school property, 490,504. There is a 8 toady growth which should be gratifying to all interested. The school trustees met last night and appointed teachers for the next term. All of the old force eieept Miss Clara Rfiller, who was not an applicant, were retained, nnd the vacancy was supplied by the ap pointment of Miss Una B. Ha ml a' who is one of the very best teach ers in the county. The board took a step in the right direction in pas sing a resolution requiringall teach ers to furnish a health certificate, and that no' person showing evi dence of tuberculosis will be em ployed as a teacher. Tempo News. NORMAL SCHOOL DEDICATED. The dedicatory exercises held in the study hall of the Northern Ariz. Normal School last Friday night were interesting and entertaining. rhe hall wascrowded to its capacity Addresses were made by A. A. Dutton, Prof. -Taylor, E. E. Ellin wood and Major J. H. McCliutock. i'he remarks of these gentlemen were full of encouragement as well is praise for the advancement and rrgre88 of the students. They iredrctetf a btiglrf ftrfore- for the Normal, and the facts. presentee? by the speakers, were so convincing as to leave no doubt of the truth of the prsdicti6n.. A very creditable chorus was ren dered bv the Normal students, which showed the careful training anu drilling of the assistant teach er, Miss liury. The mtfstfe for the occasion was furnished by the Flagstaff Sympho ny Orchestra.- . Tho study hall as well as the oth er room 8 were elegantly and artis tically -decorated, duo to the deft hands of the students. After the ei'ercises a hirge num ber of those present repaired to the New bank hotel where a banquet was held in iionof of Che territorial board of education and yisitorB. E. E. Ellinwood was toast master of the banquet. Gem. The policeman' stopped tlio wheelman and. demanded to know why he was riding without -a light. Not a moment did the cyclist wait to frame'Jfis excuse See-thHtbicycle?y he asked', pointing to a faint glimmer of light ahead . "Well that machine m ray better half ; it is a part of this machine, you understand. I was riding tandem-, when the parts bei came-unghied'; my Wife rode ahead.not knowing" what had happened, when I recovered ray senses she was out of Bhouting- distance. " The policeman waBstifi gating, when1 the'eyclist -had got up to frweirty miles-affltour.-Sketeh-.- Ml lill 1 that iathe Minimum Flovy Necessary for Crop Production? Experiments at the Laramie, Wyoming Experiment Station. Storage Reservoirs Needed; Tho Department of Agriculture has in press an interesting bulletin prepared by Prof. B. C. Buffiim, showing tho results of his irriga tion experiments for tire p'rtflt nine years at the Laramie, Wyoming Experiment Station, Professor Buffum states that the time has now arrived when many irrigated districts have so far de veloped that scarcity of water is keenly felt, and the good of the community demands that there shall be no unnecessar3T waste of the limited supply. The knowl edge lacking in irrigation, which must. in some way be obtained be fore orir water sftDpfy will be ei ther wisely or correctly used, is how much water is required to Becure the best results, and when and by what mean3 it can be most econ omically and efficiently applied. Some of the experiments have been made with a view to deter mining the effect of tho use of a greater, or less quantity of water upon tho crop return of a given area. Profesatfr Buffiim presents tables showing the crop returns from various plants on which dif ferent quantities of water wero used i but they are not conclusive and more experiments are needed. In general, however, the tables show larger yields where tho larger quan tities of water were used, hut the increased yields aro not in propor tion to the increased quantities of water used. The varying condi tions affecting the quantity of wa ter needed by crops are fully dis cussed in the bulletin. Most plants cultivated in the arid West were introduced from more humid re gions, and am not economical' in their water requirements. Selec tions of drought resisting varieties may make possible a great exten sion of the present irrigated area. Methods, too, of cultivation and irrigation have much to do with the quantity of water used Flood ing as a rirfe requires more water than irrigating in furrows, and it has been observed that grass and grain, which are usually irrigated by flooding, produce more thrifty growth on ditc'n hanks and higher ridges and knolls where the roots aro supplied from beneath rather than from tho surface, This fact has led in some instances to the aidoprtiorr of Che ritl system- with such crops as cover all the land. The Laramie River is a type"bf many of the western rivers whose waters are used -for .irrigation. Professor Bifffunr's fables and dia grams show that the river furnish es the greatest supply of water in May and the early part of June, I and that all crops except natiVe hay require the most water later in the season the latter half of June and the first half of July. This means that irrigated farming along the Laramie River miret be limitsd to -native hay and the sfrralr area of other crops which can be irrigated with the summer flow of the river, unless the spring floods are stored for the-,tiFe of those crjps require ing later water. In Wyoming this is not so great a hardship as a like condUio-'n "Would' be in some other states. The fact that tho greater part of the land in that state is be--yond the retftfi of water makes stock raising- the leading industry of the state, and the great need- of that industry is winter feed for the4 L-dtoclb whtcfr runs on- the opx?n! fcrange' during' he' slimmer' months. But-native-hy BiUropyevei- when, irrigated and storage reser voirs would make if possible to .cultivate an increase of area of other forage erops5 which yield much more heavily that native hny: Professor Buffum emphasizes the" fact which is brought out by almost every recent writer on irri gation that the present sj3tem of giving irrigators title to the use of a continuous flow of a stream of a given size is not necessary and is moreover wasteful. He shows that soma systems ot fetation by which the owner of 70 acres can have the use of a larger head than 1 second foot tor short periods during the season will more nearly correspond with his needs and result in a great saving of water. The bulletin can be obtained by applying to the Secretary of Agri culture. Guv E. Mitchell. Colorado and Kansas Irrigation Interests Clash. The Flow of the Arkansas River, tho Bone of Contention. Hydrogra pher Newell of the Geological Sur vey Talks Interestingly. After years of threatening, the Supreme Court of tho United States is to be asked to decide the case of Kansas against Colorado in tlie matter of the diversions of the Arkansas River in the latter state. This river in Kansas flows thru 13 counties, forming a valley of more than 2,500,000 acres almost as rich as tho valley of the Nile. The Claim made is that Colorada has diverted so much of the water of tho river as to damage seriously the KausaB farmers. Commenting on this litigation between the two states, F. H. New. eft, having, charge of the irrigation surveyings' of the Geological Sur vey, madesome interesting remarks "That trouble would sooner or lat er ensue," Mr. Newell said, "be tween these two states over water rights, has been for a long time oy ident to people familiar with the conditions affecting them. A num ber of year's srgo the Geological Sur vey undertook some important sur veyo of Colorado with a view to de termining the perennial water sup ply of its rivers aul its capacity for water storage The rivers head in Colorado furnish a vast water supply and tho sites available for reservoirihg the flood waters of these streams are verv numerous Our work enabled us to locate and purvey a large" number of such sites but there are hundreds of others allho right in the midst of the work of making these surveys, we were out off thru lack of appropriation Very ex-pensive litigation is like ly to result from thfcr attempt of Kansas to compel Colorado to'stoj using water, and I think when' they get thru with it, they will be just about where the? are today. I can but think that if this expense were to.be devoted to the continuation of the work on which the govern ment surveyors were engaged some years ago; & defhiito knowledge would be obtained as to the possi- oilitios of supplying both states with water on a business basis. "If the floods of the rivers flow thru these states were properly con served in Btoraae reservoirs there would be enough water to supply all the lands at present under irri gafion, ancf Vastly increase the ir ngated area, whereas now there is a scant and unreliable supply even for that land which- is- said' to be 'under irrigation.' "How would a proper distribu tion of w.aler between the two states be effected, if all the water possible should be stored? It would nenes sarilv have to be thru some third disinterested party acting as agent, and in whom botlr states would have confidence. I believe that in a general inter-state matter of this kind the federal-government is the most logical and natural party to decide and Jidminist'er such a- case equitably and satisfactorily. "There are- other cases are there not, besides- the Arkansas- River which are likely to-cause trouble nd Htigalfon? Dozens. . tf-his' is sftupy ww. lmmy, EUigaihm A PURE RAK CRtAM OrTAHTXil JFCWSllf W CREAM BAKING mmm Highest Honors, World's Fair Gold Medal, Midwinter Fair AfblA Baltlogr ro-3crs contalslss Alum. They aro injurious to hglthT must necessarily ensue batw'esn Qtol orado and Nebraska, between Col orado and Wyoming; in fact until some general sstem such as IhRya suggested is adopted, there will be lawsuits and controversies betweetr i slates wherever a river crosses from one state to another, which' mil ih valve an aggregate cost of eiior mous proportions, whil the out come cannot in any sense ber satis" factory. It appears to ine to be very largely the old question of people who should be good neigh bors, fighting over a dividing- fertp and wasting time and money ia stead of get ting together at the be- ginning and co operating. If the irrigation: interests in questxo would come togetfier nurxbencfthelir efforts towards getting the govern ment to complete its half finished work of reservoir surveyings in tha& section then the matter would be in such condition as woultf enable? tho parties in interest to proceet? intelligently on a definite busine?. basis. Guy E. Mitchell. "How do you like your new typ"ewrxT-a" er?" inquired the agent. "It's erand," was the immediate re' ply. "I- wonder how I eyer got along?", withdttfif."7 'Well, would you mind giving mea? little testimonial to that effect?' Certainly not. Do it gladly." So he rolled up his sleeves, anil' in an incredt" bly short time pounded out this: "After Using the amtomatic Backac tion a type writ, er for thre emonth aa dOver. I unhessttattingly pronouncsT 'it pronoce it to be al cvnn more than the Manufacture Claim? for it During tho time bean in possession e rth rve" month zid id has more than paid for to self in tho swing of- it aa dktbor. e Johrx$ Gibbs." . "There you are, sir," "Thanks," said the agent, and raosS quickly went away. Columbian. MISCELLANEOUS MATTER Use of khaki for military purposes sr extending. Chicago patrol wagon drivers have or ganized a benevolent association. Chicago has two free bathhouses, and last year they gave 301.46S free baths.- There are as many shades of face powder as there are shades of color, al most. Coffee was first used in Abyssinia int 785. A Greek first introduced it to En land. An American spends on an average-, 50 a year for food, a Frenchman, U?V a German, $45; a Spaniard, 33; an Ital ian, 24, and a Enssian, $40. The American eats 109 pounds of meat ayear; the Frenchman, 87 pounds; the German, 64 pounds; the Italian, 2S pounds, and the Russian, 51 pounds.- A statement prepared for the South, Carolina legislature by the state dis pensary board shows net profits since: the establishment of the dispensary law in 1S92 of $1,706,000. ENGINEERING TOPICS. Engineers estimate that 20,000 horse power can be developed along the Chi- cago sanitarj- channel. The brightest minds among engineers are at work to' create a liquid fuel thafj can be practically used on ocean serv- ice. A firm of rope manufacturers at 3roI heim on Rhine manufacture steel wire" towing ropes 5 inches in circumfer ence in one continuous length of nearly-19- miles and weighing 210 tons. Millions of dollar will be expended in the next IS months on the new pow er works at Niagara falls. The pit- will be 400 feet long, 16S feet deep, 20 feet wide. The tunnel connecting the new' pit with the main tunnel will be 75? feet long. Pioneers and e:qlorers are at present scattered over all portions of the west and through British Columhua; making" more or less scientific examinations off the mineral deposits. Extraordinary mineral developments are probable irs the comparatively unknown region: west of1 Hudson bay.- Parsons, the inventor ofthe turbomdk five, thinks he can reduce the weight of engines, shafting and propellers of At lantic liners one-half, and have thema effective as nowl High engineering an-? thorities believe he can do it, and'they " naval engineering.