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I ' ."" VOliUbCE XVI. ST. JOHNS. APACHE COUNTY. ARIZONA TERRITORY SATURDAY. JUNK 3 V 1900; NuSeEB 37
I ' - " 1 , - - - . . . , 1 4 ' slit . 1 ffjj A. & B, SCHUSTER, GENERAL MERCHANTS. HOLBROOK, A. T. ST. JOHNS, A. Y. CJatrry in Selc a. Full aai Complete TLtm -Ranch and General Supplies. Before imrcTaitHlMe; elsewkere fjet r Pricey CM. 4 H, I., I General Merchants, St. Johns & Springerville, Keep Only the Best Quality of Goods at LOWEST CASH PRICES: Dry Goods, Groceries, r : F1RSTCL ASS ESTABLISHMENT. Capital, 8100,000. The Bank of Commerce, f In ALBUQUERQUE, N. Ml., SEALS IN FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND I8UE3 LETTER8 OF CREDIT. . Solic'.ta Acom s and Off rs to Depositors Every Facility Couslatent with Profitable Banking. DIRECTORS r 8. OT? RO. Pf!Hent J. C BALD RIDGE. Lumber W. 0. LEONARD. Capitalist B. P HUSTEtl, YH-e Fr SMent A. KISKM.INK. EiSTrnilHi Rroi , Wool. W. S. StRlCKLER, V. shl-r A . M. BLACKWKLI-, Gross, P.larkwull & Co (Sroccrs. tL. J. DXEEsDN, Aslst Caahier. V A. MAXWELL. Whoks;ilo DrugjriRtr. Depository for Atchison, Tnpefca & Santa Fe Railway. FIRST NATIONAL BANK United States Depository. Authorized Capital. ..,....$500,000 Paid in Capita! 150,000 Surplus--- 5O.OO0 TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Joshua S. iRav nobis .. ...... President M. W. Flouvnoy Vice President Frank MrKee ashler -U. A. Hfcwks 1 Assistant Cashier r . . r Depository of the Atchison?; Topeka & Santa Fe and Santa Fe Pacific railroads. GUSTAV G mm 1 1 Keep constantly on hand a large and well selected sleek of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Boots and. Sh.oes And everything usually fonnd in a First - stock will he furnished on special order CANDELAPiIA BROS, GENERAL MERCHANDISE, Ranch Supplies of any Description JtLULcL of tlte Best Qjciallty. t,w PrfcA arrl Courteous Treatment y$uf Patronage is' Sarnestty Solieited. o- Hardware, Boots, Shoes BECKER, r .MIS., IU CfasB Establishment, and on short notice. Any article not Eos'ali-o Gandelaria. Ambrosio Candelaria, WANTED SEVERAL BRIGHT AND H0T1EST persons to represent hb as Mana gera in this and clos by comities. Sal ary $000 a year and expenses. Straight, hna-fide, no more, no less salary. Posi tion permanent. Onr references, any bank in irny town. It is mainly office work conducted at home. R ference. Enclose self-addressed stamped envel ope. The I joxinios Company, Dept, 3 , Chicago. ST. JOHNS HERALD. .Published every Saturday PERKINS-HOWE Co., Psbllsfcers & Proprietors. E. 8. PERKIN8, Business Maxaek. B uered in the Posiotllce at St. John's ai second class matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One vear ,$2.50. Six months $1.50 Three months $1.00 ADVERTISING RATES. 1 inch 1 mns. $1. 2 mos. $1,50 3 mos. $2. 6 mos. $3. 1 vear$o 2 inches 1 mos" $1,50 2 mos. $2,50. 3 mos $3. 6 mos. $4,50 1 year $7,50. Rates on large contracts given on ap plication. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. EDITOR. A. MANN. The regular quarterly examina tion of teachers will he held in the court house at St. Johns, Monday and Tuesday. June 4th and 5th. A father once wrote to a univer sity : "What are your terms for a year? And does it cost extra if my son wants to study reading and writing as well as football?" "This is one of the literary sucees es of the year," tiie bookstore sales man said, handing out another vol time. "ITm is it. suitable tor young persons to read?" inquired the cus tomer. "Well.- nor ma'am. Our most popular books, you know, seldom are." Chicago Tribune. Miss Etelle Reel, Superintend ent of Indian Schools, accompani ed by Miss Fannie CaKee ami II. V. Ewing, visited the Stipai Indian village in the Cataract Canon the first part of the week. This- village is one of the curiosities of the coun try and is visited by hundreds ol tourists every year. Mohave Mi ner. Tlfe'tlQ.tXK) school children of New Jersey are -preparing to pro vide Yr$ 15, 0(10 silver service for the new.. battleship NeW'Jersey, recently authorized by congress. Ii.j98 the public school pupils of. .tfrir United Slates were kept busy getting up a Lafayette Monu ment Fund and a new battleship. Maine, fund. And of course this was iX-.ra to their work in the be nevolent societies of the different churches. It is proper for the young to be taught benevolence, patriotism and business. But ii the present custom continues to grow a few more years, the chil dren will need books only for or nament. The literary and musical exercises and the daily rotuine of studyr investigation and recitation will soon disappear and a purely commercial regime with a ftimsy argument of teaching charity and paliotism attached, will be the gen era! rule ot-the new century schools Passing to the schools of higher grade, athletics teems to be the reigning tyrant that either closes tet nooks to weary bodies or takes the scholars on excursions, awav from opportunities- to study. It is proper, also, for the young to be trained in athkjficsr but when that science makes all other branches secondary it is t about time to call a halt. The private instructor or tutor who-is srE&atetr where he may give his pupils- the benefits of a iree library ,-and labur.itoiy nitretum is already drawing away the p'at roivage from onr best universities simply beeause a great many par ents object to tire many attractions which . keep their children from books. It is a fact patent to nil. that it takes hard wrestling with books to giffn information necessary to carry on the Jrd study of active' life. Hani study has no substi tute, teachers' who attempt to 'cover up a multitude of sins" by these sorcalled. lessons in charity, patriotism and manly sports, will soon be wrested from their dream of two bit notoriety by the real fact that they aredosingjprestige as educators.- : Correct Form in Letter-Writing. Points for Those Who May be hi Doiibt as to the Best Usages. To every one outside the family circle the Christian name -and sur name should be written in full. A married woman writes her name. Mary Bruce Tallbott, and in a bus iness letter adds beneath it, in brack etts Mrs. John Talbott. An unmarried woman writes "Miss" tn brackets before her full name, to a stranger when a -reply is ixpected. Typewrit'ten letters are admissi ble only for business communica tions. In such epistles the signa ture shoi.ld'be written by hand. Speak first of theinterests of your correspondent and afterwards of those which concern yourself. Never write anything over vour own signature of which you might later be a.-lramed. Never allow any one to rend a letter intended for your eyes alone. It is entrusted to your honor, even if not ho explicitly stated. O ie does not use the word "house party" in an invitation, but says, "I am asking a few friends, etc." A letter sent by hand should he left un.-ealed, unless a servant be the messenger. Business letters should begin with ,lSrr," "Dear Sir" or "My Dear Sir" or if in the plural, with "Gentle men,' and end? with "Yours truly" or "Respectfully yours" never "Respectfully" alone, omitting the subject of the siMi'eiice. Ladies . . ... 1 if . are addressed as madam, wni-t ti er married or unmarried Mrs Burton Kingsland. in June Ladies' Home Journal. FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF TEACHERS. TKUSTEIJ8 MAY It BAD WITH PROFIT. Some Local Edupational Evils. Low Salaries. It is a stern reality which stares us squarely in the face, that in this county teachers' salaries have been dropping lower nd lower every year for several years paBt. There are chiefiv three reasons for this; 1st. The increase in the number of home teachers, many of whom being beginners think they should teach for low wages; 2nd. There has been much money wast ed by School Boards; 3rd.r The general hard times of a few years ago connected with recent refusal of the railroad to pav taxes on the full valuation of its property, has curtailed in a measure, our in come for school purposes. Now that times are good and all branches of industry are flourish ing, and prices of all commodities up and rising, why should not the retrple who are to train the minds of the coming leadem and repre sentative men have an increase in salary? The answer from every teacher must be yes, but some may ask how can- Ve obtain it? It i easy eiwmgh. AH that is necessa ry fs for the home teachers to com bine and set their prices on each and every school in the county, al flowing that it is proper ior any teacher to gtt as-much more than the set prices as possible. It ought to be easy enough for any home teacher to get much as the smallest salary for which, an impor ted teacher can be employed. And a'liy teacher" who will come any distance-and tevcb here for fess- than $50100 per mouth, is not worth" nir hvg at any price. So it would- easi ly seem that there is no use for an y one to' teach for Teas than- $60 00 per month in-this county. The Sehool Roai'd lha-t trks to degrade teachers' salaries, is strik ing the educational interests of its district a hard blow, for no teacher can work as enthusiastically on fi mere pittance as he can on a decent salary. And even a board who em ploys a teacher for some measly salary can not respect that teacher so highly as one who cannot be em ployed for any thing short of a big round salary, hence the cheap tea cher starts into his school handi capped on that score. There are many other good reasons why it is had pedagogics for teachers to be employed at low salaries. The Dummy Teacher. By dummy teacher, we mean the fellow who teaches without a certif icate and who draws no salary in his or her own name, but draws pay through some other teacher in the same school. This is one of the results of the low salary craze. It is a direct violation of the law and it is thedutv of everv teacher to use hrs inffuenre to prevent such clandestine frauds from being perpetrated upon the public. If teachers will line up against such practice they can stop it in one year and it need never be allowed to be in our way again. Some people er roneously believe that one person can teach just as well as another, without any regard to the kind of training neeessniv. For such" be Ii vers 'he Dummy teacher seems goad euouuh. For a future artiela wp should like to discuss thn Migratory Tea eher. and a few other topics. But for this time shall ask the teachers who favor organizing f. r the purpose of elevating the standard of our profession, to write me as follows: Pent Pessimist Pedagog. Io care of The Herald, St. Johns, Arizona. Congress Aske ! to Give $250,000 tor Irrigation Suiveya. Vitally Important Work of the Geological Survey. The great importance to the West of the work which the. irriga tion branch of ihe Geological Stir vey is doing perhaps not as goner ally, understood as ft should be. For some years the survey has been working along on small appropri ations, making si ream- measure ments and reservoir surveys, but if the West is to attain its full de velopment thru irrigation, this work should be pushed and reser voir sites should he determined, surveyed and set aside, subject to development by private capital or government enterprise. Persons familiar ihh reservoir engineering know that nature nlays some queer pranks on individuals, and that which appears an i'den-f place for water storage, may in fact be inca pahle of holding water, while a site which seenn to the careful observ er even to be anything but suitable for water storage,- may fir reirFftv, afford a situation for a reservoir of great proportions. The general mistake of the-aver age person, the Geologicn'l Survey ors say, is in thinking that a canon with steep sides and a narrow neck suitable for a dam site; will make a praetib&i reservoir. There are many such" sites and the dam construction- Would not be difficult, hut tim slopes are too precipitate and the amount of water impound ed would not be sufficient to-Warrant the" construction of the d"am. The best sites must include a neck, of course; which can readily be dammed, while the slopes shotted be very gra'dual ami the fall of the river slight-rerhnps impercepti ble' to the naked e-e thuis- fnsur itrg a very large" surface for storage. The descent of some rivers is so rapid that while to all appearances iTmiTQtinn ii upturn Mate. they afford good storage facilities a dam of practicable height would not back up sufficient water to war rant construction. The o'.Cchment area of reservoirs? as well rr (he annual flow of streams must like wise be considered. All these can be determined definitely only by the surveyor's instruments, and so. if ft is desired to have definite in formation on which ft work, either as regards private investment or ultimate government construction it is extremely important that this preliminary work should progress as rapidly as. possible. Congress is being asked fat a good sized appropriation this ses sion with which to carry on. this work, in amount $250,000, and the whole West, being vitally interest ed, vill watch for a favorable ac lion. Great Government Invest ments Are W.iat. Irrigation Appropriation Would lie. Favorable Eastern Sentiment. Hostility to irrigation legisla tion lias deveiopHii in the East from time lo lim broad minded expressions among meti liberal enough to see what builds up one part of the counirv must reflex ive ly help all other parts. It U pleasing to note f'.ia such u eastern papei as the Boston Trau script recognizes tin fart that irri gation appropriations fir ,he WV-ft Would be naiio ia! investment!-, in the interests ofand for tin bnirflt of all the people of tbe United States. Quite a par' of tbe annual out lay of the nation, tin Transcript savs, is an investment rather than an t ipenditure. Public buildings are direct investments, obvious t everybody, brenu-e they save rent al to the government In the en.-e lot certain other npprwpnnl.ons, of the inve-tnu n sort, wbileju.-l as genuine is so i-plirct as to escape- , .... attention. An appropriation lor the improvement of Boston Har bor would be an indirect invest-1 meut. The cost of transportation is one of the great public charges, the rates tif which bear directly up-, on the fortunes of every bod v. A deep channel lo Boston makes ..M-iloVUr v!- ,v,wl tl,..rnfi,r i v........w i r..:..t.i 'pi.- I unv iifigm. miff. i nc mive-iu meut in spending money for such improvements make easier the fu ture burden of its. citizens and as! the interests of the citizen and the j stale are identical, this becomes an investment pore and simple. It is the same storv. continues the ! Transcript, with all worthy river anil harbor improvements; they are national investments, irrigation expenses' in so far as they provide for permanent works, come under the same head. National expendi tures of the investment sort should he encouraged, especially when the country is so prosperous that it can bear its burden well as against the time of greater stringency. It takes but slight study to see that an irrigation appropriation applied to anv one section would almost immediately help other sec-1 , " 1 i tions. If the West were fully de-; veloped, tfre Bast would necessari- r u c. it i r .- Ty beneftfc thereby for western mon- J ej would flow eastern to purchase, those things which the East alone i supplies ai.d so thru the prosperity of the irrigated West the. manufac turing Eist would indirectly bene fit by the opening of additional markats. Guv E. Mitchell. One Way to Fame Wf Htware MtrM $mp was in tears. The young man took his- ANTONIE, a book-seller of the Quai savings and had the novel printed. No d'Orsay. tried two matches on the one would sell it; for there was no on asphalt pavement, and-was then forced to buy. to resort to the lining of his coat, for "Then came an act of still greater the morning was very damp. Having devotion. Louis, with so much of hist at last lighted the tobacco in b?s short salary as he could spare. purchased cop clay pipe, he proceeded to arrange his- jes of the work from Marie telling- her wooden eases along the parapet of the that they were ordered by the beck river. Next he affixed the price tags , sellers. These copies he would place ranging from 10 to 100 sous nd hung on the bookstalls by stealth, hoping: out two glaring "Une Feuille Morte" i that they might be read and appre posters. elated. It was for such an act that- Thus prepared for custom, the an- I had caused his arrest. The paper cient Antonie seated himself on his little camp stool and shivered until the sun came throucrh the fogr, bringing- with- it a fat priest who purchased,- and a purs cftrat cazAM or tmtjw pf HtZf Highest Honors, World's Fair Gold Meifa?, Midwinter .Fair Arold Baking Powders containing alam. TIicj are injurious to Iiesltfi" a shabby bibliomaniac -who simply browsed. Along- toward noon business grew brisker, and even a Member of the Institute paused to look orer the! stock. "This is a glorious day. friend. he observed in measured tones; but fore Antonie could word a reply, a sal-f low-faced yotrhg' man pushed forward and demanded instant attention. "One copy of 'One Feuille ilorte, cried. "Two copies three all tha you have quick!" "There is but one left," said An tonie. producing a red-and-gold vol ume; "they sell very readily of late." With a fierce cry of anger, the youngf man flung down a gold piece. Then, to the astonishment of all beholders, he caught up the book, wrenched it ia two, and tearing out page after page; wildly stamped them under foot. "A curse upon it!" he raved. "I will destroy every copy in Paris in FrancV none shall escape me. Une Feuille' ilorte must not be read." Persons in the street paused to learrr the cause of the disturbance. The gam ins formed a circle around the youngs man and jeered at his insane conduct--In return the victim crumpled up hand fu Is of printed leaves and hurledr them in the faces of his tormentors. At the very height of the excitement a car riage drove up and a beautiful womag sprang out. "Louis!" she cried, forcing-her way through the dense crowd. "Louis, my love, forgive!" The young man started violently and gazed about as if unable to believe hbt senses. In a hoarse voice he cried: "Who speaks?" . . forward andthrew her arms around. his neck. "I, Marie dWrnoureux." There was a tourmur of surprise free the onlookers. The writer of TJe FenjiJe Morte " "They were once lovers:" "Louis," pleaded the woman, "forgive be. I was carried away by my sue- cess. I still love you." "Leave me," cried Louis harshly. X will have no words with you." "Louis," saidthe woman, as she quick l mounted the parapet, "if yon do not forgive me if you still renounce my love. I will throw myself into tbo river. The younjj man turned on his heel without a word and that instant Maria d'Armoureux leaped from the parapet. As she struck the water. Louis utterect a wild cry of remorse, and. beforeany one could stay him, followed the wom an into the Seine. Old Antonie was so overcome by the excitement that he sank down onr his stool and panted for breath. The dignified Member of the Institute seized a book-back and-fanned himvij orously. "They are saved!" shouted the crowd. "A boatman has rescued theinv He has dragged them into his bargeJ "Thank (iod!" ejaculated the Mea ner. "She has the eyes and hair of ant angel." And then to Antonie: Havt you seen them before? You roust get me her book Une Feuille Morte "The man I have seen. replied the old bookseller; "but the woman nerer. It Is not long since I caused the arrest of this same Louis. It was very sad. "They are being1 restored on the barge; ' said hi Member I viP wait until they are brought up. Come now what' of this one of the yellow laf ' x 4 . a . . , It was seldom that Antonie had so distinguished a listener, and he related the Incident witn great relish. "I had noticed this Louis. he began u w . . ... ' Every morning- he would come ana. look, but go a-way without buying-. One day a gentleman came to me and saidi Antonie. vou are ocinir ruuoeu oj vountr man with a sallow face- X ean see it all from ray window across the way. Keep your eyea open and have the police at hand. "It same about the very next sconc ing. The young-man approached, hand led the book and then turned away. H$ was immediately arrested, and two cop ies of 4TJne Feuille Horte were found beneath his coat. . "Before the magistrate he told story so strange that it has since beez on every Hp. His sweetheart. Marie d'Amoureux. wrote Une TeuHIsr Morte No one would publish it. Marief" fold the pitiful story, and since thea there has been a great- demand for tktf book." (Continued on last paga.