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The Business of Farming.
A thorough. knowledge of one's busi nes is absolutely necessary to insure success, and no one will question the statement The professional man is versed in the principles of his profession, or his success will be meagre, as it ought to be. But, risking the charge of essen tially repeating what we have said oh several occasions before, we want to ask the question, What proportion of our farmers thoroughly understand their business 1 No one would attempt to say There are 'Wt0ti Wttfctg fgeaSiw. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1878. SALUTATORY. waiving tne iormai custom ot a tedious prospectus, we enter the field of journalistic enterprise without previous introduction, trusting that our efforts as they may be directed from time will in themselves prove ample reason for the beginning of a lasting friendship between our readers and ourselves. We do not launch the Westox Weekly Leader that the proportion is large. upon the sea of journalism without at some legitimate reasons' why this is so, least a moderate idea of the grave re- and there are some reasons that are not ftponmbilities devolving upon the pub- legitimate. In the first place, agriculture Ushers of a newspaper. It shall be our, is an extensive science and a complicated endeavor in the management of this one ; ahd while this is true, there has paper to meet, as nearly as possible, the been but comparatively little written the wants of this section of the county, upon it. Until within a few years cer- In a political sense we shall endeavor to tainly this was eminently true. Farmers be independent; aiming in our discusion themselves have been to blame to a con- of governmental questions to be digni- siderable degree. They have undervalued fied courteous and concise. Topics of local the importance and dignity of this best interest will, at all times, receive pre- and noblest of all callings, and when cedence at our hands. We shall aim to people undervalue what they should be make our department of locaL news and the most interested in, and what they are inteU'gence full and complete: to this supposed to know the most about, it is end we would respectfully solicit the not strange that others should undervalue co-operation of our readers throughout it Now that agriculture is beingrecog- the country. Send us the news; it is nized for what it is worth, the ablest men the vital element of a live newspaper, in the world are giving it their attention, The Leader will battle boldly for the and so arranging the sciences of which interests of this section of Umatilla agriculture is made up, that they can be county. We are opposed to monopolies readily comprehended by the student, of all kinds and shall fight consistently which every farmer ought to be. for their overthrow. We are in favor But while books and journals devoted of the removal of the Indians from the to agriculture are of incalculable benefit, Umatilla Reservation and the opening and should always be at hand, there are up of that tract to settlement by the other means of instruction which, though whites; for the attainment of this object not as extensive, are as valuable as far our efforts shall be directed from time to as they go, and among them is the time. We believe that the proposed assembling together of farmeps for dis- railroad from Umatilla to La Grande cussion and the exchange of ; views. It should Iks built by way of Weston anjd is a cheap way of acquiring tuition, too. Summerville, From tliis stand-point wje At this season of ths year it is well to shall discuss this subject as it seenis begin to think of these things and to proper. j plan for the holding of institutes, con- For our cotemporaries we entertain ventions, etc. If there is a farmers' the highest regard and respect, and trust society of any kind in the community, that our relationship with one another may te mutually pleasant Trusting that we shall receive a liberal support from the inhabitants of Umatilla BRICK STORE, all that remains to be done is to make the meetings of a practical character. Not that we mean that every session should be devoted wholly to business as county, we wish our readers, one and all, distinguished fom pleasnre, but that a a Merry Christmas and a Happy Nel portion of the meetings, or a poftion of Butler and Kearney will apply for a divorce. Despite the hard times there has been no reduction in the wages of sin. Atlanta, Georgia, has five poets and a writer of fiction. The city is perfectly healthy. Some one says, watch a woman's lower lip if you want to know whether she is UUCUUCU VI in I ICCUIISO UUi V. The latest millionaire was that of Miss Helen Astor to Mr. Roosevelt Roose velt Astor and she accepted. Whether a lady claims a rubber shoe which she has dropped in the mud de pends on the number of the shoe. A priest has just been expelled from the Vatican for selling the late supreme pontiffs old slippers and drawers to rich pilgrims. It is said that Joaquin Miller is getting to be less of an ass than he used to be. He has had his hair shingled and taken a bath. "Oh, see that my grave is kept green, darling. she did. She bought seven ounds of Paris green and planted it three inches thick. , -f Garibaldi says he would willingly give his life for Trent and Triste. The otter would be more generous if the old man had a longer life to give. In the bright lexicon of the country press there is no sveh word as woman, The prude, " lady," has flaunted out the best word in the .English language. A colored woman who sat down on a beehive to watch the progress of a fire in Russell ville, Kentucky, left her seat before the close of the entertainment Some young ladies are opposed to the j Whit CSootls, telephone, lhey say they do not care to have any young man whispering in their ears with his hps tweuty miles away. Yesterday a policeman arrested a boy who had an onion tied in the corner of his handkerchief. The charge against carrying concealed weeping. Philadel phia Chronicle-Herald. Sara Bernhardt, the famous French actress, lias had herself photographed in the coffin in which she intends to be buried. She is so thin, however, that she might be buried in a piece of gas-pipe. " The Lord loveth a cheerful giver, but there is no use chucking a copjn-r cent into a contribution liox loud enough to make the folks on the back seat think the communion service has tumbled off the alter. SALING- & REESE, MERCHANDISE. Main and Franklin Sis;, VESTON, OR. PHGEBSTEL BROS. r"ler Ir j : ; Dry Goods. "': Groceries Dress Goods, Dress Trimmings, Millinery Goods, Ladles Gloves, Children's Gloves, Tuck Combs, Circle Combs, Embroideries, Insertions, Ruchings, Ties, Braids of all kinds, Domestic Dry Goods, Yarns in all colors, Cassimeres, Gents Furnishing Goods Clotliing, Hats, Boots and Shoes, Trucks, Valises, A complete stock of Wall Paper, Oils, Glass and Putty, Dried Fruits, Full stock of Groceries, Tobacco and Cigars, Makercl and Salmon, Red-fish, BOOTS "AHD SHOES, Dress Goods, Fancy Goods, Ladies' Cloaks, LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S 1 A Large Stock of Crockery, Glassware, &c. Year, and hoist our sail, voyage. May it prove profitable to all interested, Now for the i pleasant and rttha TTttifttilla Hps Anrat.i on . Under date of Nov. 28th the Washing ton corresjioudent of the San Francisco Chronicle says : In his annual report, Indian Commis sioner Hoyt proposes that the Umatilla Reservation, in North Eastern Oregon!, tatweon the Umatilla river and the Bluk Mountains, and containing "268,800 acresl le abandoned and the lands sold. After premising that this reservation is now surrounded by a white farming popula tion and crossed by a telegraph line ant' several roads, he says: "This valuable tract is occupied by only 1,000 Indians, who cultivate 2,000 or ,5,000 acres am use it as a range for their 2,200 head o: stock. For several years past the citizen of Oregou have made presistent enort have tli se lands opened to settlement. In view of the pressure on nil sides toi the removal of these tribes, the increas-i ing travel across the reservation, the! expiration of their treaty before they every meeting, should be de 'devoted to an interchange of views upoii the busi ness of farming in some of its various branches. If, however, there should be no societies, then the institute should be resorted to. Western Rural. This Mock U Complete for the HOLIDAY SEASON And the citizens of Wenton and vicinity ara , resiectfully invited to . Call and Examine Goods and Prices. To nor Patrons. What we Like. To hear a man try to horrow his neighbor's paper, and the ncijjti W have courage to reply: " I would as soon loan you my tooth brash; to have a party imagine that he can do as much business without, advertising as lie can with it ; to look at the blank astonishment that settles down on that mans' face when, niter trying a month lie timls it can t nc unite ; w sec a man refuse to take his load pajier, anil all the time sponge on his neighbor for the use of his ; to hear a man complain whcji wc ask him to subscribe for his home paper, that he takes more papers now than he can read, and then go around and borrow his ucighlwr's or loaf abont him until he gets the news from it ; to see a man run down his homc"paper as not worth taking, and every now and then beg the editor for a favor in the editorial line; to sec a man refuse to advertise in a home Edinondia Lewis has just finished a bust of . ( Jen. Grant. The old man fin ished one of those himsalf in Detroit not 'niaiiv vears since. Detroit Free Press. We believe he w;is busted several times wllil ill Ol:i.'ll. The expression of a loy's face at the end of a straw that lacks two inches of reaching the cider in a barrel, is sujv lioscd to 1h! the modei that the artist selected in the delineation of Adam !.....:.. r i;.. -J, Miss Florence Davenport, the youngest lady mendier of that illustrious family, will soon go on the stage. She is very handsome, talented and is possessed of a sunerb contralto voice. One. Blanche, is 1 already on tb lyric stage. The New York Observer mentions the case of a Kentucky Presbyterian minis ter, who, at a Monday meeting of his brethren, prayed, saying: " Lord, Thou has seen by the. morning papers how the Sabbath was desecrated yesterday." We respectf ully Invite all- those who an needing anything in the General Merchandise line to call and price our goods before purchasing elsewhere, and assure all that no goods shall be forced upon them, and that every courtesy shall be extended to thcin that we can command. The experience of twenty yearn in all the market accessible from this upper country and every facility and advantage tliot we can command arc combined in the buying of our goods; we believe that wc arc not excelled in this part of the btiMinewt by any one and for thin reason fearlessly cliallenge comjictiUon and make the assertion that circumstances being Hie same, our prices shall be found among the VERY LOWEST. We do not bclieva in the practice of offering "baita" that is, selling one article at lew than a living profit, and then advancing the price of something else to an exhorbitant rate, the pale of which is often effected by misrepresentation on the contrary we hold ourselves and oar employees responsible for all contracts. We assert our ability to sell as cheap as any house East of tiifT3aacadc Mountains and our willingness we , only ask opportunity to prove. . Ijacor., Lard, Wheat, Oats, Barley and Hides taken in cxch;Te for goods, or sold in any market tor a small commission. CHEAPEST STORE IH The City of or. of Main & Watlir Stfu. DEALERS ' paper, and then try to get a share of trade have leached a point where Government jl that the paper is instrumental in bringing to ft id can be disimused with, the expense! hia door ; to see a man who is able to pay for of maintaining an agency for so small i his local paper, always manage to be around a number of Indians, and the fact that jn time to read it at the expense of a frioyd ujKin the Yakima Reservation a sufficient not worth the tenth part of what he himself tiuantity of equally valuable land can hej is it looks so economical, thrifty and progres- n lotted them, 1 deem it expedient tnal Sive you know. the tribes occupying the Umatilla Keser-i ration -be removed to Yakima, and the lands thus vacated lie sold, the proceeds j , of such sale to be used to defray the ..expenses of the removal, to make full: reimbursement for improvemaats relin-i ,iuished, and to provide ample facilities ; .for such civilizing work as will hrinjj eihein ,to self-supiwrt." PACIFIC 8LOPKRS. Our Location. The. cjiy.of Weston is situated in a .tract of able land, unsurpassed in .-fertility -east' of the Cascade Mountains; i ith Wutiful .tadulations, conformation aidinirably adapted to practical agricul ture, within easy, distance of the Blue .Mountains,. with, their intermenable sup plies of wood, continuous supplies of pure water, Weston :tad topographic ally and commercially aslicB.grand center, and as such loudly demands i exposition of its qualities. Not for theiown alone, but for the whole region of idle land, waiting but for the sinewy sou f toil to bare its luxurant bosom, that the 3ereals in magnificent pleutitude may rise .there from. That smiling homes and pleasing plenty Jiiay spring from tha solitude of native, idle wealth. Wmi the East Oregonian at one end of the county and the Leader at this end. we believe Umatilla county will I-? faithfully represents! through .the Centerville is growing. Heavy frost at Los Angeles. Two "showers of the queer," arrested in S. F., recently. Jose Ramon, an Indian desperado, com mitted suicide at San Diego. New postoffice at the Cascade Locks, Ash- Icy H. Ball, postmaster. The Puvallun Indians have subscribe! $100 toward the erection of a Presbyterian church; also, they have subscribed and raised a portion of the sum of $ 1S, with which to pay the interpreter for the Church, Jos. Lewis. w ell done, we should s&y.Astorian. Inland Empire: One hundred and fifty soldiers passed through The Da'Ic. on Wed nesday uifcht for 1' mat ill.'., their ultimate destination being the vicinity of Pendleton, where iliey aic needed to repress a growing j spirit of hostility on the part of the Umatilla : Indians. Lurch Bros., who have been doing busi ness at Cottage Onr. c, Tane county, with a branch stoic at Creswell, have failed. The amount of their liabilities is estimated at about forty thousand dollars. The assets arc variously estimated at from eighteen to thirty thouaud. The Astorian says: A petition is being circulated for names, asking Congress to return Fort Dalles to the war department, and that it be garrisoned with troops. If there ever was a time when it was needed, Fjow is the time.' Wc hope the prayer of the pdti.ioners will lie granted. MISCELLANEOUS. Watchmaker and Jewelor OPPOSITE FWEBSTIX HRO'S STORE. Patciit MeilU'hies, Paints, Chemicals, Brushes, lass, Putty, Aniline Dyes, Oils. CIGARS Blank Books, Paper, Watches, LVHIS'S, LUXDBOKC'SAXI UUIMKL'8 firern Seal, Bon Ton, and otlif r Clinlrc Brands of S FOSCB Pi G TOBACCO I A LAKGE AND WELL-SELECTED OTODK'OF School Books. Stationery, Papeterie, Albums, MISCELLANEOUS. FEED AND SALES STABLE SSarsh & Ellis, Prop's. Keeps a tull Assortment of FINE JEWELRY! Ladle's and Gents' - Gold and Silver WATCE6ES. SPECTACLES, EYE GLASSES, WEDDING RINGS, KAPKIN RINGS, kc, &c,, &C. I; Hold at I ho Loweftt Bated. Wl rt'tlK. CLOCKS and JEWELRY repaired at short notice. All work Warranted. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Call and see me. FASHION EMPORIUM I Slain St., next to Drug Storey WESTOX, ORUGON. Jewelry. Mirrors, Elegant Vases, Toilet Articles and fancy notions ! Musical Instruments, YOIS or all kind nt the lowest drirex, i'A AXD PLAIX WALXL'T MOI LUIX4:.4. LA3IPS ot nil sizes, El'REKA and fnnntns IF.AD LAS CIIIMKEYK. rrtIK L1QI OKS, for Medicinal Purposes only. Prescriptions Carefully Compouded at all hours. WESTORS HOTEL I Main Street, Weston, Oregon. he Ladies of Weston nutl vicinity are respectfully invited to call and examine my Large and well selected stock of Millinery Goods ! In endless variety, ana the li.icst "He of BONNETS AND HATS, A SPECIALTY, iV. Warner- Health Corset. all sizes. No well-dressed young lady i!l do without n'"m' MRS. S. E. HENDBY5. Tonsoriai Artist I Shaving, ; ShamiMMiiiig. . Aim! Hair uttii, Done n the best style of the art. Satisfaction guaran teed to all my patrons. Charges nioderate. Xext Door to Yrnng'ft Hotel, Main St., ' ' " JOS. t.F.NOX, Prnitfr. r n'uis popular Hotel is convenrlnt for tho I traveling public, being situated mid wav between Pemlicmc and Walla Yk alia, with a rejra l.tr line of Stamen niu.iiiit.' daily, each ay, stopping one hour for dinner. The tDle of the hon.e art fm-nishjd wKh tl' best the market allonis, r..id eery exertion made to satisfy the patron oi the houaa. Tho BEDS ARK ALL NEW, AND TBI? Rooms Furrishod in th Bet Sfeyle, wi:h all Modern Inprcvorrvdi its. inest Turnouts the City. in OOI ACCOMMODATIONS ! For Transient Teams. Saddle Horses, : i Buggies, .Teams, ;t Heady at wlaort Xotir. " STABLE, ON WATER ST., near Main, WESTON, OREGON. CALL AND SEE US. HUDSON & HENDERSON 1 Vagoik Milker and 1 ling A mm . i,v.itCC The proprietor Is dct-.-rmided t nisjte the hotel r.ialii- I tain the reputation ' faeuig tl best bad SECOND TO NONE I East of the Cascade mountains. The public and towel ing coinmmiity are respectfully invited tacall. CkargeS Moderate. JAS. W. YOUNG, Proprietor. The Weston Flouring Hills arn bow com pleiert and In fall operaitoll. FLOUR Ixcteed for Wheat. H or rnt HIGHEST CASH PRICE PAID. For h mo Flour. Bran, And Feed I Alwaf or Ilnart an For Salts. WE GUARANTEE THE BEST FLOUR Xorth of fian Fjancinco. SIICZIHG. L!;.E Oi- ;.;;d a general .PA!R!N( In Waitors. ITmiS, snd Tarm nu&ciIHfr. &c Wot ncatl3 civile and ?rlth iisjath. IVecrijaa low Mpood work ca.i on ,ono u. tnl unj c. tern nuUeruu wways on hai. UK. BEXJ.mrC Is r.ot iewl, i -vne in Water Street, wlx.o lie h doing the r, -at .y of Carriage aI BiacksMtli Trk la Action. i.'L A.lD KK. Weston Restaurant Main St. bt. Keat Market and the P. 0 tieroS OllEGOlt. BQAEB, $4.00 Per Week. Meals at All Houls. FKAKK MArEB. Prop'r. medium of the press.