Newspaper Page Text
WESTON UMATILLA COUNTS, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 26, L880. NO:2SL WESTON WEEKLY LEADER. ,W. T. WILLIAMhOX. O. P. M'COLL ; WILUINM)! CU, raMlubcn. jisi'kd Eveuy Saturday Morxiso, , AT . WESTON, UMATILLA COLTfTY OR. Sabaeripflaa Kauai .On. Yew, (coin) J" Ifxx Moatfas "J fnna MMitM. JMoyl CuM 12 CU AslTcvtlslaa Bate. Om Iqwr (1 inch) Unit insertion 1 SO Saab ditUuoaJ mwrtwMi &9 fasikiaam, trst inanition I Oo ak additional Insertion. 1 04 ThrM Squaraa, fimt insertion 3 So Kaca addttwaal inaartioa 1 50 iw (outer CoHana, lint insertion. , . 6 SO Kaca addluanal liwartioa. 3 UO flaw acWartisars by special contract. Local notirea It eeata per line fint laertion, 12 eenta per line each tmqneiit anrtw: Advertising bills payalie quar terly. - .. . All leffal MtiaM will be charged 75 eenta per square rat iraartion, and 17 eatt par square each sutanxiuent Waeruoa (payaoia aisnutly), Konoa. Simple announcements of births, marriages ana aaatna wui M inserted witnout cnanrs. Olntuarr enargea lor according to length. Cat WAftaUS4iTX LETTER. Washixgtoh, D. C. June 5, 1880. As Congress eould not arrange mat- ten satisfactorily to adjourn on tho 31st ol May, all the Republican members who possibly can, hare left for the Chicago convention, and there is a perfect dearth of news of political interest. The at tention of Congressmen is so absorbed by the latest news from Chicago, that it is amusing to see the haste with which newsboys scramble up the steps of the Capitol as soon as the afternoon papers make their appearance. The newsboys of Washington are composed mainly of jlittle darkeys, the worst lot of tatter- Alqaialliona that was ever seen. Their lung capacity is so great that a bill has been introduced in Con cross to ore rent the aewfboys from crying their papers on Sundays. The CTiriatufhcy aoandal is once more to- the front in the form of an alimony of $150 per month and $200 for oounsel fees. The counsel for the ex-Senator from Washington, it is stated will aban don the action foT-divorce-sooner than . pay th amount. ,, Another Senator from Michigan, Mr. Ferry, has been brought into some very unpleasant notoriety by one of the Washington morning papers. It stated that the 15-year-old daughter of a mar ried couple, stopping at the same hotel, had eowhided the honorable gentleman iruiu iuivuigan, aim nau given mm a black eye. The attentions of the Sena tor to the mother of the young lady had been for some time the subject of much comment in the hotel where all the part ies were stopping. It is asserted, how- ' ever, that relations of the most friendly character only existad between the part ies. The lady in question is a most ' agreeable and entertaining lady of con siderable wealth, who has traveled ex tensively, and is provided witli a fund of reliable information. As both the-f writer of this article and the family in question left Washington immediately after the alleged transaction, the true in wariness of tho affair is not apparent Senator Ferry as yet has taken no notice of the publication above referred to. The Senate has confirmed by a decis ive majority, the Hon. Horace Maynard of Teuncssee, (now Minister to Turkey) .a ?9tniater General, in place of David M. Key, who has already been confirmed as Judge of the Eastern District of Ten ncsse. ' Forty Sioux C'hicftans have arrived in Washington, tho principal object of their visit east being to inspect the Indian schools at Hampton and Carlisle. Among tho number are Red Cloud and Spotted . Tail, who are well known as lively agi tators of tho western frontier. Spotted Tail has five children at the school at Car'iaie, and expresses himself as well pleased at the "progress they have made, Thero is being a strong effort made to adjourn Congress on the 10th inst., but it does not look as though it would be successful. There is not much business transacted in either House, the principal interest being centered in the Chicago Convention. It is the subject of no lit tle remark that there is not the Ivast ap pearance to any excitement in the Cap ital regarding the Republican nomina tion. Beyond the usual gathering around telegraph offices on such occas ions, there is nothing to indicate any feeling on the subject now occupying the attention of the nation. It. U. CAKFIEWs) UMU,: Up to the present time we are pre pared to prove against. General Garfield the following charges: He is opposed to restricting the immigration of. Chinese; he was interested in the De GovW -j pavement swindle; he was a "back sal ary grabber," and accepted stock in the Credit Mobiler scheme, and then per jured hi. i jelf concerning it M The Congreisional Record shows that Garfield is hostile to any change in the Burlingame treaty with China by his vote to kill the bill to restrict Chinese immigration, and by his ballot afterward to sustain Hayes veto of the bill, passed by a Democratic Congress. Upon this point we challenge .contradiction, as we do, in fact, respecting all the following charges. That he was interested in the Goyler pavement swindle, a short history of the scheme, taken from an exchange will amply show: ' In the spring of 1872, Boss Shepherd, Grant's chief manager of the District of Columbia colossal lobbery, with millions in it, awarded to De Goyler and Mo Clellan, of Chicago, the contract of put ting down, in Washington City, 200,000 yards ol -wood pavement, at toe enor mous price of $3 50 per yard. Good, honest and responsible contractors offer ed to do the work tor $1 50 per yard, and the superintendent of the contract ors himself tu. "equontly stated under oath that 1 50 was a eood prise. Hence there was a clear profit or steal of $2 per yard for every yard in the 200, 000 or the total sum of $400,000. To get the iniquitous job through Congress for thVappropriation of it had to be made, inbney had to be used. Garfield was cnairman on the committee on ap propriations. July 12, 1872, as it was afterward proven before an investigat ing committee, James A. Garfield took $5,000 as his share of the corruption fund to favorably report the appropria tion. It was a bribe, nothing better, and no amount of partisan i whitewash can hide this damning fact Respecting the charge that he was a "baok salary grabber," we will condense a few facts that may easily be found in full in the records of the House for 1873. In February of tha.tjrear, Ben Butler introduced a bill to double, the Fresi dent's salary, and increase the pay of the Vice-President, Cabinet officers, J ustices of the Supreme Court, Senators and Representatives. It met with disfavor, but on the last day of the session, when everything was pell mell and in chaos, James A. Garfield reported the bill back to the House with the President's salary raised from $25,000 to $50,000 a year, and the Senators and Representatives' pay increased from $5,000 to $7,500, to De recKonea two years back:, ibis was the "back salary grab bill . as it was then stigmatized, and showed werein Bold Ben was even oututlered by the member from Ohio. The Credit Mobilier swindle, which has made the administration of General Grant so nauseus to the country, is one other of the disgraceful schemes in which we find the Republican candidate for the Presidency figuring prominently. ' ' On the 14th day of January, 1873," says the San Francisco Examiner, "J as. A. Garfield, Republican member of Congress from the Ashtabula Distriot, Ohio, and now Republican candidate for President of the United States, made a statement to a Congressional committee, in regard to the Credit Mobilier expos ure, to this eflect: 'I never owned, re ceived, or agreed to receive any stock of the Credit Mobilier, or of the Union Pa cific Railroad, nor any dividend or prof its arising from either of them.' Oakes Ames was at that time a mem ber of Congres from Massachusetts a Republican, of course. He was a man of reputed great wealth, a large owner of Credit Mobilier and Union Pacific Railroad shares, and a heavy operator in schemes of the kind. He knew the use and power of a corruption fund to move Legislation in a Republican Con gress, and he was largely engaged in the applianoe of such a fund in that body. To quote his well-remembered phrases, he knew just where to put Credit Mo bilier and Union Pacific shares, which were then yielding enormous profit under favorable legislation at the hands of Con gress, "where it would do the most good." On the 23d of January, nine days after Garfield had made his state ment, quoted above, to the committee, Oakes Ames was summoned before the same committee to tell what he knew in respect to Representative Jamei A. Garfield. He submitted av detatWdjaem oranda of the transactions between him self and Garfield. Subsequently it was learned that General Garfield had I visit ed Oakes Ames and endeavored to. pre vail upon him to materially modify his testimony so far as it affected himself, Garfield. Accordingly, the committee again called Ames before them, January 29, 18i3, and here is the official report of the examination which took place: - Question You may state whether in conversation with you Mr. Garfield claimed, as he claimed before 'wy that the only transaction between you was borrowing $300 ? -''V-U Answer No, sir; he did not chum that-with me y i "" Question State 11 you know in ref erence to it Answer I said he knew very well that that was a dividend. I made out a statement and showed lit to him at the time. In a conversation he admitted it, and said there was $2,400 due him in stocks and bonds. He made a! little memorandum, of $1,000, "and $1,400, and said there was $1,000 of Union Pa cific railroad stock, $1,000 of Credit Mo bilier stock, and $400 of stock and bonds. ' ! Questiou When was that memoran dum made ? ? " Answer It was in my room. I can not remember the date. Ijwaa since this investigation commenced. Question Have you the memoran dum which Mr. Garfield made 1 I .' Answer I have the figures that he made. Here Mr. Ames showed to the i must pass out to the north, west, south and east With all these blessings we are satisfied; but there is a duty to be performed, and one which every one owes, and that in, to assist each other. There are hundreds of thousands yea, millions -who would love to be here and enjoy these good things if they knew of their being here when they come. Con sider for a momeut From the 42 degree south to the 49 degree northror in other words 420 miles . from north to&uth, and 450 east and wec.t, 147,000 square miles, there is scarcely one person .for every square mile, including old and young, and tho Chinese. ; Now, when it is considered that not mow than one-half V- this population is enjj'aged in; agri cultural pursuits, we have the. wonder ful! fact that we have two square miles of land for each person; and, again, when we reason that each settler w ill average four in the family, there is but one settler to about every eight miles. Where is the man that says this paper should not say, coute to a country that never fails in her corps, and where health is un equalled. Rural Spirit. -DEALERS IK- PURE DRUGS, Patent Medicines, raJiits, T ' ' Chemicals Brashes, i-Uiss, Patty. Aniline Dyes. ' PKls. i LUBIJTS, LU5DR0RC8 AND RIICVGL'S PurO Liquors, &1 only on Pliysiciaiiii Prcsoriptioua. IMPERISAHBLE PAINT AND i ATAUIITIG LEAD, C A LARGE AND WELL-SELECTED STOCK Of Blank Books, Paper, committee the paper in Mr. Garfield's own hand-writing. . I Question You say these figures were made by Mr. Garfield 1 Answer Yes, sir. . Question Tliat was his idea of what was coming to him ? Answer Yes, sir. " Oakes Ames afterward showed the committee his diary with the original entry in it, where he made over to Jus. A. Garfield ten shares of Credit ' Mobil ier, Tuesday, Sept 29, lSeSJChe com mittee of investigation was composed mainly . of Republicans, who were dis posed to be as lenient with their own party friends as they dared to be. Now, let some of the Garfield Republican or gans undertake to explain the matter, or exculpate their candidate. He was not only bribed, but he deliberately made a false statement, with the solemnity of an oath, to extricate himself. V School "Books, ; . , . , StatfcMiy,' . Papeierie, Aftav.' CLOCKS. WATCHES' A3TD JEWELRY, ... Elegant Vases, Toilet Mcles and Fancy Mms! THE t'ATIaE. AVBICVLTTKE: THE WEALTH COTKTB1ES. F ALL In all civilized countries of the world it is held that Agriculture is the basis of all other interests, and" that the full de velopment of agricultural resources is the only guarantee of an enduring prosperity. When it is considered that all other busi nesses and enterprises are dependent up on this ono industry, the intelligent must recognize its towering head among the other pursuits of life. Without under taking any very -elaborate discussion, we propose in this article to show why we are entitled to declare that no other country known to man possesses the aJ- 1 1 -1 . i . i l . t : x j vantages mat me uortuwen uuuns to aim does possess. Some months since the announcement was made in these columns that we would publish official statistic8 that would prove conclusively that Ore gon was the most productive of any of the states of our union in the staples wheat, oats, barley, rye, corn, hay, pota toes, ect We have up to this time pub lished the tabulated comparison of six consecutive years, and will continue to publish several more, which clearly prove that Oregon has the soil and climate to produce more to the acre than any other state, and that she has done so notwith standing her citizen farmers haVo not as yet attempted the use of fertilizers. First, then our soil is unequalled. Whereon God's green earth can be found a country with soil, timber, grazing land, fisheries, coal, iron, gold and silver, climate, health, navigable rivers, and God-created passes and valleys, through which railroads are to be, in the near future, constructed; and lying in the very doorway of trade, which Westos, Or., June 12, 1880. Eds. Leader Dear Sirs: I have a cous iu living in the East, to whom, as you knbw. I send the Leader. He is of an inquisitive east of countenance, and is confused iu his ideas as to what' constitutes a cay use, would write to him and explain the question, intricate and scientific as it is only that there nmy b many of your readvis in Missouri and other oriental cities that uiny be wrestling with this highly important subject of political economy. Therefore, I cnuolente this subject through the columns of the Leader. The cay u be is a biped or quadruped, according to circumstances, In the former of these con ditions he is a very uninteresting object of pity and disgust. In fact he is nothing but an Indian.- Almost every one knows what that is auiauuaal full. of treachery, laziness and caiuas a conglomeration that few mission aries ever leaven with Christianity, but outot which people who never heard their fiendish war-hoop make the 'Ted man of the foreu. and rascally Indian' ageuts a goodly, living. ia 1 this is all that can be said ot him. -The quadra pedcaynge ji nuc'1 more use- f tTaiiimul. - -He is a horie. He is indigenous to the Pacific Coast, and is not, as some sup pose, the degenerate descendant of the steeds of castile ouce set free upon the banks of the Mississippi river. Neither are the Cayuse Indians the lineal offspring of Ferdinand de Soto and his artial train, nor of George Francis Train, as stated by Gen. Grant be fore tho Chicago convention. There is no Spanish blood in Cayuse, man or beast. Therefore, a cayuse pouy lr indigenous to this coast The soil of Reservation seems peculiarly adapted to his prolific production. They are of all color, from a decided black to a faded white. Some are varioualy varie gated. Others are very unreliable iu color. Iu their natural states, they are male and fe male. No particular cause cau be assigned for this. Sometimes, without regard to sex. color, or previous conditiou of servitude, it is used as a riding annual. This is all Jlht un less the cayuse objects. The cayuse itas such an earnest and emphatic way of expressing his objections, that all wise men listen to them with marked attention. The moral character of the cayuse is good. He is hon est, hurdvf obstinate, and frugal. From this it must not be inferred that he is High land Scotch. : Iu fact, his ancestry is un known. The line of his desccut is lost in tho murky mists of the Glacial period. This was long before Durwiu or Tindall made pie bald tonies out ef puotoplasm by the agency of the correlation of force. Yours Truly, . ' ' ' Nacax. LUasced, Chlea Jtul, Labrlrallng, Lard aa4 Bperaa. . . Musical Instruments, -. LAMr mt all sties. 1 RKKA aa fliaaeas lEAH CUM CTHMSEYSa ; Prescriptions Carefully Comopunded at all hours Bargains Bargains Bargaina Wliblsale and Retail. ; CENTER VI LIE jattVeJU The undcrslgnd hasboen instructed to sell the WHOLE STCSX CONSISTING OF, : . . .. . DRV rS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY ud 4SUACa, iAr QREAtl,rRlpUDED PRICES, T. luakv room for a large SPRING 8TOCK, mrtMoiatg Col.ee, Tea, Sugar, Tobacco ana Cigars a speciality. Also Coal Oil, Clear as Crystal, Guaranteed Fre$ frpm tW Fcrd; Substance and Non Explosive. ; Ready Made Clothing at Coot, Please' call and examine for yourselves before fwytaa elsewhere. . . LA. J. i7tfpUaUavnwj, CESTEitviLE, February 6th, Jg80. - Ageat, M. V. WORMINaTOET, MILTON, OREGON, DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY CLASSVAUE, Heavy Stock of BOOTS and SHOEO, rflAL OIL TOBACCO and CIGARS CANNED FRUITS OF ALL KINDS. LAMENTABLE. Our wool and hides are being shipped to other countries, for manufacture into articles of consummation and shipped back. Our lumber is rotting On the ground or chopped into firewood, while nearly overy implement used is imported. The piiople should mov in some manner that will attract such attention as in the end give us factories. We can't stand the draw. Year after year our crops are sold and almost every dollar paid out for such,articles as should be manufactured within our own borders. Rural Sririt. Hardware, Iron and Steel. CLOVES OF ALU KINDS A SPECIALTY '!-' ' - -AvrA ... Produce taken in Exchange. - - The Democratic National Convention is on us. It would be simply an act of courtesy to the whole nation, regardless of politics, to place in nomination for the presidential chair, Sam. J. Tuden, the greatest reformer and statesman of the day. It is a duty the country owes to itself to rectify, as far as dossible, the 'great wrong- committed four years ago, and the only way is by re-electmg Tilden. Comer Main and 3d St, Walla Wall. . :. ' Wholsale and Retail Dealers In -4 I Dr" Goods ' Fancy Goods, Hotiopo, CLOTHING BOOTS and SHOES, HATS and CAPS, GROCERIES, tU. We are in receipt of a . , ... ; A :".. j&sjnociatxoaita: STpqL Bought Previous to the Recent. " - HEAVY ADVANCE In all kinds of good-sand wc are therefore prepared to offer Lower Than the Lowest! SPECIAL IXDL'CEHEXTS TO CASH BUYERS J " PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO ORDERS!