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FLORENCE, PINAL COUNTY, ARIZONA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, NOV. 11, 1882. NUMBER 33: e JfNEW FIRMIS NEW GOODS ! MEW PBIGE8! Jos. Collinwood & Co., OallB particular attention to Ms largo stock of For M!nr, Propctor, Farmers, Everybody. m-rnTr a Trra-Tn BOUGHT SOLD. MAIN STREET. CHAS. RAPP, Proprietor. 1PP SETS BEF0U2 HIS CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION. PLAIN AND MIXED DRINKS IN EVERY STYLE. -Bj itrutly attending to business I hop. to marit a continuation of the) liberal patronage wnich I have) r.coived in the past, and am confident of giving sat-j-Ufaction to all gentlemen who may furor me with their patronage. Elegant Club and Reading Room IN CONNECTION WITH THE BAR. HE KEEPS HIS BAR SUPPLIED WITH THS BFST Best Brands -Litiuors CALL -A-USTID W. E. STEVENS, DEALER Stoves, Ranges, Hardware, Pumps and Tinware. MANUFACTURER OF Sheet Iron and Copper Ware, Gas and Water Pipe, Brass and Iron Fittings, AND 90LB AGE SUPERIOR" COOK STOVES IV Backs Guaranteed Fifteen Year. Order by mail promptly attended to. TUCSON, 20-U Mini ail Mill Compny MELROSE, CALIFORNIA. Purchase Lead Bullion, Highest -Mob Paid for GOLD, SILVER and Lead Ores. ORES ASSAYED. t Lead Bullion, loaded in eu' on lint of any railroad in the Status and Ttrriirit art delivered at xeorkt icithoat change oj car. No Charge Made for Sampling. miyn fc, "c'. D. V. 4!. Co., Mtlrut, California." 1 l.r WILLIAM P. MILLKK, General Mii-H.'W Tamitr, FamHiee, and Indeed JOS. COLLISWOOD. THAT THAT WILL GIVE THEM SID IE IMS. IX N'T FOR THE ARIZONA. Imaginative Travel. I hare no nool of ft stately ship, No frar of a ntntcly ship. In chosrn books I take my trip With the tiTMMllirst company ; And wbtfthrr I read of Southern FkirB Or the wealth of an En-tern port. 1 may see the world throuirli an authors eyes. May dwell in camp or court. Through wonderful sketch boobs that bo lonir To an artist friend of minn. I visit the places of legend and song1 Ho famous alongr the Rhine; I breathe the spirit of old romance As 1 sail the Northern main: I tread the vine-clad vales of France, And look for my castles in Spain. The son? of Venetian frond oliers. As they guide their moonlit boat, I seem to liear, or the mountaineer's Tyrolean echo notes. I may see the heather's purple plumes Anion tr the banks and braes. Or wander where the primrose blooms Along the English ways. I seek the Land of the Midnight Sun, Or trace the source of the Nile; I find the cedars of Lebanon, Or study Cr;te awhile. Whenever 1 tire of time and tide, No matter how far 1 roam, I have only to lay my book aside . To 11 nd myself at home. The world is wide, and the world is fair, And hemes frond to see. But a hearth and home, and friends to Bhare, Are all the world to ino; And to sigh in vain for foreign sights There surely is no need, As Ions' as pcoplo live to write, And I may live to r.-ud. Harper's Bazar, EPIIE'S MANAGER. "I won't!" snid Effie Stretton, giving her jaunty garden hat a iwitcb. and folding her plump pink amis defiantly; "it's no use to talk I can't stay in the house and bo a carved image of dignity nil ruy days, and if your fastidious Mrs. Hastings don't like it, she juay whis tle!" "You want to disgrace lis all," said her elder sister, Mildred, drawing her black eyebrows together, "digging in that old garden like a ridiculous tom boy as you are, just where all the neigh bors can sec! Mrs. Hastings says " "I don't care if she does," interrupt ed Eilie, stuflinga package of seed into her apron pocket. "I always did want a chance to do something; and, what's the use of renting a suburban cottage and paying a good price for a piece of ground with it if you daren't grow a low onions or a bit of spinach for amusement?" "I doubt if you'll have the chance long, sighed Mrs. Stretton, a thm, failed woman, with a perpetually wor ried expression; "the rent is too high; I don't think we can stay " "Aon-, mother! ' Mildred jerked herself up from her lounging position on the green damask covered sofa and kicked over a footstool wilh gathering ill-temper. vt e r.ui.ii stay, at least, until "Until when?" weakly asked Mrs. Stretton, who had a nervous dread of her dark-browed daughter's temper. "Until Mrs. Hastings' brother comes home," admitted Mildred, a vivid blush staining her handsome face. "She promised to bring him to see us, but she is so exclusive, it is positively neces sary for us to keen up every appearance of elegance. And here's Etlie doing her best to upset it all. . If she only would cultivate a little dignity "I would rather cultivate cabbagos. averred Effie. tipping her pert head oa one side to straighten her hat, which had a habit of sliding about in every direction. "Never mind, Millie; it will give vou a better chance when the hero puts in an appearance." "But the rent," nervously besran Mrs. Stretton. "Bother the rent!" retorted Mildred crossly, settling back eomtortablv on th sofa and paying no further attention to her mother. But Eilie, trotting un digniliedly down the garden walk with a pan of seeds in one hand, a hoe in the other, aud her hat sliding over one ear, paused a moment thoughtfully. "Poor mammy, she's always wor ried!" she sighed. "1 ought to do something to help her." "Your sister seems to enjoy out-door exorcise," remarked the exclusive Mrs. Hastings, who hail honored the Stret tons with an afternoon call. "Yes," smiled Mildred, waving her fan with languid grace; "she is such a dear little romp has such a fancy for amateur gardening, and " There was a sound of banging doors, a frisky clatter of light heels in the hall, and Ellie's fresh voice was heard, clear and distinct: "Mammy! Mildred! where are you? I've found a way to pay the rent. They are starting a pickle manufactory in that large building across the fields, and they're going to buy all the onions and gherkins in the neighborhood." A demented-looking voting ladv, in an untidy white aprou with one pocket ripped off, a cloud of light hair down her back and a newspaper in her hand, bounced into the drawing-room, never doubting that the voices she heard there were those of her mother and sister, but perceiving the visitor, dropped her pa per and stood staring in dismay, and linally catching her sister's disconcerted looks and furtive frowns, she bit her lip and lied from the room with swift tears of mortification dimming her sunny eyM. "But I'll grow all I can in the garden and make some money all the same," was the reflection that consoled her. And thereafter Eilie devoured trea tises on vegetable culture, and dug, spaded, and raked her bit of garden in defatigably, and strange to say. in spile of her inexperience, her onions nour ished and multiplied until the long beds were crowded with the smooth, shining roots. A freckled youth dwelling hard by was the delegate at whose hands the pickle-making establishment daily re ceived baskets heaped with the results of the young lady's toil, while the fair gardener herself made weekly trips to the manufactory for collectinir purposes. The Autumn days had come and were fast departing, and one evening Eilie came home with a glow in her cheeks and eyes. "I I've had an offer," she confessed, "from the manager of the pickle fac tory." "For Heaven's sake?!" wailed Mildred, dropping limply hack in her chair, "has it como to tins? I knew something dreadful would come of your low-bred tastes- but this is t nnn-h."' "But, Mill," urged Effie, "he's good, and handsome, and " "Don't tell me what he is! Ho is in a horrid, vulgar business that is suf ficient." "Lady and gentleman for missus," announced the new servsnt-girl from the girl. "1 tole 'em you's ;n the set tin'room, 'n they could come in." "You needn't mind us, vou know," and it was Mrs. Hastings who swept in to the room. "I've brought my brother Dick." "Why. Mr. Hardy," fluttered Effie, turning pinker than a rosebud. "He's the manager of the pickle-factory," she explained to her astonished mother and sister. "Certainly!" said the young man, holding Ellie's hand tightly, "for a time. The real foremau met with an accident, and 1 being a partner in the affair, and the company could not find anyone to till his place, I consented to accept it until he was able to do so, partly to keep it open for him, and part ly because I was tired of laziness and felt a longing to be useful." "And he gave all his salary to the poor man's family to support him until he could work again," broke in Mrs. Hastings. "But I would bo' a foreman all my life rather than miss one experience I have had," said Mr. Hardy. "The question is, Mrs. Stretton can I have Eilie?" "I think she has settled the question," answered Mrs. Stretton. with a gentle laugh, the worry fading out of her face for once. "And poor mammy won't have to be bothered about rent any more. ' will she?" Eilie asked, pleadingly of her lover. "No, indeed! nor about anything else. Aud you won't have to earn your living any more by cultivating onions," with a kiss on the rosy mouth. And Mildred realized that she had missed the chance she had watched for all the summer, while Effie hoyden Etlie had planted onions, paid the rent, and won a sensible, appreciative husband. The Washington Monument. Progress of the Work The Signal OfBse Station The white, tall, plain shaft of the Washington monument is foot by foot daily rising skyward, and its comple tion, in duo course of time, is now as sured, says the Washington Post. Tt is already a landmark visible from any part of Washington, and the inhabi tants, after a generation of ridicule, are beginning to be proud of it. Apart from its unique character as an archi tectural wonder, modern science pro poses to utilize it for the public benefit. The signal office expects to have a per manent station at its summit, and its officers say that observations of the air and atmospheric movements taken at an altitude of 6i0 feet will be of great value. Observations arc taken, of course; at far greater altitudes than this, but the gradual slope of even the most precipitous mountains and the presence of large masses of rock near the obser vatory create surface currents, even on mountain heights1, and interfere with the study of phenomena of the higher levels of the atmosphere. It has often been . proposed to institute a series of experiments by means of captive bal loons, but the expense of such work prevented the plans being carried out. At the time of the centennial it was proposed to erect a skeleton tower to the height of 1,000 feet in Fairmount park. Had this been done the signal officers would have utilized the observ atory for the benefit of meteorological science, but the tower stopped at 300 feet. The signal officers say it would not be impracticable to build a tower 1,000 feet high or even higher, and that the erection of such a tower would bo of great service. The monument is now 290 feet high. The original design con templated a height of 600 feet, but at a meeting ot the commissioners two years ago, when it was decided to re sume work, it was voted to make the monument the loftiest artificial struct ure in the world. The commissioners examined the heights of all the noted monuments, towers, pagodas, spires, buildings, and flag-poles, and found that to safely distance all rivalry a height of 650 feet would be necessary It was therefore determined to complete the shafts on this plan, and the draw ings were modified to that end. hat was the surprise and gratification of the commissioners to find subsequently that the new proportions ot the shaft as now adopted were exactly those of an Egyp tian obeiisK. Sheep and Improyed Farming. Sheep have played a most important part in the improvement of the soil in all civilized countries. At an early period, sheep were kept mostly for their wool in all countries; but as populations increased, and greater demand was made upon the soil to furnish food, mut ton became the principal obiect of sheep farming, aud wool the incident. Dur ing this transition state, skillful breed ers made a long, careful, and practical study in improving the carcass aud its early maturity. Instead of keeping siieep to their full age as breeders ana producers of wool, the most persever ing efFort was made to mature them for a profitable market at the earliest date. This was done by judicious selections in breeding, and the most generous feed ing. The sheep, like other animals, was found plastic in the hands of askill f ul breeder and feeder. It was soon found that the improved Southdown and Cotswold could be fitted for the most profitable market at from six to fifteen months old, except those required for breeders, and these were most profitably turned at four to Qve years old, instead of at seven or ten years. The consumption of mutton is in creosiug in this country, especially in our large cities, and it has become prof itable to supply this demand. It is profitable, first, because the price is re munerative, and secondly, because it is promotive of good husbandry the im provement of the soil. National Live stock Journal. An Auburn mrxn is the owner of ihe original '"grandfather's clock." It was made when the city was known as Ilar dunbtirg's Corners, r-nme, 5:cvcutv-iivo cars ;;;. .inj cost S100, A Serpent's Squeeze. Fighting fcr Life in a Cage In the summer of 1SS0 I got a nasty squeeze from a big python in the Jardm Zoologique of Antwerp, which laid me up for several days. I had observed this snake, a fenrile about fourteen feet long, in one of the dens, and from the white efflorescence about her lips, knew that she was suffering from caries of the jaw with ulceration of the mucons membrane, so fatal to snakes in con finement; and having pointed this out to M. Vekemann, the resident director, I obtained his permission to make trial of an ointment which I believed I had found efficacious in the early stage of the disease among my own snakes. I came on the following morning, armed with my ointment; but the lady had betaken herself into a crevice of the rocks, where one could scarcely catch sight of her, much less get at her. There were other pythons in the cage, some of them nearly twenty feet long, some not more than five or six; but though they projected theirheadsand commenc ed to hiss, thej' did not attempt to at tack; and the keeper, an intelligent man who spoke French, said they would not come at us if we did not touch them. A little one jumped harmlessly at uiv leg as I stepped over him. For three days the pythoness remained in her rocky, or rather plastery, retreat; but on the fourth 1 caught sight of her at the very top of the cage, and at once climbed up aud brought her down. The poor thing s mouth was in a worse state than I had anticipated, She came down quietly enough, and though nervous, was not spiteful, aud allowed me to handle her. Now, as ill-luck would have it, the regular keeper was absent on this par ticular morning, arid his place was till ed for the time by another from some other part of the gardens, who spoke nothing but Flemish, of which tongue I am as profoundly ignorant as he most, certainly was of the creatures under his temporary charge. I went into the den with him, taking, it for granted, of course, that he was accustomed to snakes, and gave him the box of oint ment to hold until I was ready to use it. When I had brought the pythoness fairly down to the floor, I gripped her hard by the neck, which had the effect as I intended it to have, and as it al ways has with snakes of making her open her mouth. I pressed her head away from me at the same time, to pre vent her catching hold of any part of my clothing, in her efforts to bite. In her fright and rage, she -drew her body up across my back, and twisted her tail round aud round my other arm. All that I now required of the keeper was. by teasing or pinching her here and there, or by unwinding the tail when necessary, to cause her to shift her coils constantly, and prevent her resting long enough on one spot to apply undue pres sure, r.ty tace 1 could protect for my self with the left hand. This I con cluded he understood, as a matter of con rse. I turned round to make a sign to him to be read' and to give me the oint ment, when, judge of my dismay I caught sight of his stolid face, with a s.tof dull, impartial interest on it, loot ing at me through the glass in front aud the door closed on the outside! He had got frightened by the noise of the other pytlioas, and had quietly gone out again. I was about to make an impatient gesture, when in the same instant ths serpent tightened on me so suddenly and violently that I momentarily lost consciousness. 1 then fouud myself staggering about the den, fighting for life. I expected to feel my ribs give way every moment, yet my chief fear at the same time was of falling through the srlass. I pushed the reptilo's head away from me with all my might, lest it should cross my breast, and I can remember catchiug sight of myself, a mulberry n!nril tinrnria in tl niicrnr T LnAV too, that I was trampling about over the other pythons, who, furious at the dis turbance, were now darting about the den above and all around me in every direction; and I exerted every energy to keep my feet, for I had presence of mind enoucrn left to know that if 1 went down it would be all over with me. The heat was stifling. I could bear it no longer. The cage spun madly round anil round beiore my eyes, and every thins seemed to flame and roar. I let go the head. The snake twisted sharply back over my right shoulder close to my face, but did not bite me and slid off on to the ground. I just recollect falling against the door with outstretched hands, but nothing more until I found myself sitting on the steps outside, coughing violently, while the phlegmatic keeper was putting a hot kev down my back, for some occult rea son. I brought up a little blood, and drank a little brandy, after which 1 soon got better; but I was not well enough to walk home, and the bruise in my side did not fade for many a day. I suppose the whole affair did not" last more than a few seconds, but I found it quite long enough. Fortunately the snake had only a small part of her body across my left side and back; had she encircled me with a whole coil I should have been crushed like an egg-shell. Curiously enough, my left arm was quite paralyzed, and I did not fully re cover the use of it for a week. I did not know it at the time, but she must have pressed her tail under my armpit, and so compressed the nerves. The ac cident was one of the stupidest and most preventable in the world, and was entirely owing to my taking the wrong man into the cage to assist me. I may add that 1 went in some days later with the proper keeper, and performed the operation, not only without danger, but without the least difficulty. It is estimated that nearly 2,000,000, 000 pounds of paper are produced an nually; one half of which is used for printing, a sixth for writing, and the remainder is coarse paper for packing and other purposes. The United States alone produces yearly 200,000 tons of paper, averaging seventeen pounds per head tor its population. Ihe Lnglish- man comes next with about twelve ! pounds per head; the educated German takes eight pounds; the i renchman sev en pounds, whilst the. Italian, Spaniard and Russian take respectively three , pounds, one-ha!t pound and one pound annuam-. .- . Patented Articles. The most valuable and money-mak ing patents are those which are ob tained upon small articles. The "re turn ball,'' which sells for ten cents. ields to the holder of the patent an in come equal to that on a capital of five hundred thousand dollars, ihe rubber tip on the end of lead pencils, which is used for erasing false marks, is also se cured by patent, and for every tip used the manufacturers pay a royalty to the inventor, which gives him an independ ent income. The consumption of these pencils is very great, and the simple idea of tipping them with rubber has placed the man who originated it be- ond the reach of need in the future, so long as lie clings to his patent. An other very simple but very valuable in vention is the gummed paper wrappers, which obviate the necessity of using mucilage or paste to secure papers for the mails. The patent is bu the appli cation of the gum to the wrappers, and a royalty is paid to the inventor, ot eve ry wrapper thus prepared. As the num ber ot wrappers used daily m the for warding of mails amounts to hundreds of thousands, the income derived by the inventor trom his royalty will be seen to be a magnificent one. The srimlet- nointed screw was patented in 1846. It is familiar to everybody, and millions have been realized from its manufac ture, 3-et so simple is the principle that the wonder is that it was not thought out and applied almost as far back as the age of iron. 1 he patent shoe-tip. now universally used in boys' shoes, has brought its inventor somewhere about two millions of dollars. Proba bly the most valuable patent in the toy iine ever taken out in any country is that which secures the Plvmpton roller- skates to its holder. Skating on rollers bears but a faint resemblance to skating on ice, but it is exhilarating sport, nev ertheless, and sprang at once into pop- u unity wim ine young -oi Dotn sexes. In Brazil and tropical countries where ,ce is unknown and skating impossible, except upon artificially frozen ponds, the rollers were greeted as a veritable godsend, and rinks with smooth earth- ern floors sprang up like magic. The value ot the patent on the roller skates to its holder is estimated at over one million dollars, and he expended over one hundred and twenty-live thousand dollars in legal expenses alone to pre vent the patent trom infringement in England. The dancing negro, which can be seen in any tor-shop, and which is simply a ngure of a Dinah or a Jum bo balanced bv a wire, which is moved rapidly up and down by a system of clock work in the box upon which it dances, provides an income for its in ventor of thirty thousand dollars a year. The common needle-threader, to be found on sale at nearly every street; cor ner, is worth ten thousand dollars a year to the man who thought out the problem wincli might easily have been solved by a boy of ten 3-ears, only it was not. Anil these are but a few of the trifles which have enriched men. A Mosaic Portrait of Garfield. Dr. Salviati, who gave to this country the fine mosaic portrait of Lincoln now in the library of congress, and who is now completing a companion portrait of Garfield, which he will also give to America, was formerly a leading lawyer ot vicenza m venetia. beeing the magnificent mosaics in St. Mark's church, Venice, going to destruction because no one understood how to re store and preserve them, he abandoned his profession and began studying the lost art of the Byzantines. By his skill tiie mosaics ot at. Aiui'k s were restored. ana lc lias executed manv other im portant works in Westminster abbey and St. Paul's. London; in the cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle. where three thou sand square feet of surface were cover ed in two years aud a half; and at Bangkok, where the outside of a cupola of the king's palace, seventeen thousand square feet in area, was covered with some 2.000,000 bits of gold enamel. The portrait of Garfield is now almost finished in Dr. Salviali's studio in Ven ice, and is described as a marvelously perfect piece of work. m - v Women as Poultry Kaisers. The custom practiced in France of al lowing the wife so many francs a month or 3'e:ir as pin money, to use as she pleases, is one that should be generally adopted, especially in the United States. On the farm the care and profits of some, if not all the poultry, could be very properly transferred to the women of the household. The care of poultry is a business naturally adapted to wo man, as it requires patience and atten tion, and, at the same time, kindness aud gentleness, traits too often lacking in the sterner sex. There is no event in connection with poultry raising, dur ing the whole year, which has not its interest for those who care for the inno cent creatures of the farm yard. Wheth er it be feeding grateful bipeds, gather ing eggs, hatching the chickens or re ducing the flocks in the fall to suit win ter quarters all have their charm, and excite the interest and sympathy of their faithful atteudants. There is much complaint among plrysiologists that American ladies lose health and beauty earlier than they ought for want of suf ficient out-of-door air and exercise, and this occupation has, among its other benefits, that of sending them daily abroad into the pure, outer air, and in citing a lore for rural, natural beauty not found among those whom no such beauty tempts from the fireside. How to Swim. There really is no mystery in learn ing to swim an accomplishment which is possessed in perfection by the most stupid of frogs. More than once I have explained how any one can teach him self. The trunk, less the arms, is heav ier than water; with the arms, it is lighter; all, therefore, that a person has to do is to acquire the habit of drawing in the breath when he is preparing to make a stroke, aud expelling the breath when he is making it. Let aiSf one do this and keep calm, and he will find that he can swim. But, perhaps, it is better to acquire confidence by a prelim inary course of floating. To do thi3 it is only necessary to lie flat on the water, stretch out the arms with the palms of the hands downward, throw back the head, and whenever the body , sinks low, slowly to till the lungs with air. London Truth. Some Bang-tip Stories A Georgia negro, while fishing fast ened his line to his leg for safety. He" was soon seen to go overboard, and when his body and the fish were recov-1 ered it took the Coroner two daj'S US determine whether the negro drown- ed the lish or the lish drowned the ne- gro. In Baron Chicot, La., a full-growif wild-cat leaped upon Mrs'. Griffith Thompson, fastening his teeth in lief lett arm. blie grasped the sarage beast br the throat and held it until it was choked to death; although it was biting" anu scratching her all the time. A small red squirrel attempted to" jump from one tree to another as Wm; Miles, ot JNew Chester, Pa;, drew on him. The squirrel fell into the Brandy wine. It hardly touched the water when several bass came to the surface; and, pulling the squirrel under, drown-1 cd it. Silas Hutchinson, of Pocopsin Town ship, Pa., relates as a fact that he saw one of his cows come up suddenly out of the Brandy wine, where she had gone to cool, and as she ascended the fiver bank a black bass about eighteen inch es long hung to one of her teats. Find ing itself out of water it let go and wig-i gled back into the stream. A big pickerel, hooked by J. F. Win thron, of Hydetown, Pa., lay so quiet that it was a query with him whether he had a fish or a snag. After trying to worry -it without success a happy thought struck him. Taking the fish line in his teeth, he established telephon ic communication, and j elling "Hello!" at the top of his lungs, the fish darted like a shot, and was so active that it was with difficulty secured. It weighed tiv pounds. A Wyoming man saw a Texas steer standing on the railroad track, and knowing that the express train was due tried to induce the beast to move. Sev eral pieces of board thrown at the fero cious monster failed to move it, until at last, as the train rushed down the track at lightniug speed, he seized the steer by the tail and twisted it like a wet towel. At this moment the train struck them both and the result was stupendous. The steer was found two days afterward browsing peacefully in a corn field, with two driving wheels hung on its horns. Ko trace of either the man or the engine has been heard of since. The bossest snake story we ever heard of has just come to light in Twiggs, as follows: A few days since, while a cer tain farmer was cleaning out his fence corners, a huge rattle-snake struck at him, but, misslrg the intended victim, sunk its poisonous fangs deep into the hoe-handle which the man held in his hands. In less time than it takes to write it, the handle was swollen to such an extent that it bursted the eye of the hoe and split into a thousand pieces. With the aid of two crowbars and an old army musket the snake was killed. The farmer skinned it, and now uses ths hide for a wallet,, in which he carries corn to his hogs. The "wallet" will hold three pecks and two quarts of shell ed corn. Surely Twiggs deserves the belt. The Espresa Business. About forty-four years ago there wa4 a news room "in Wall street. New York, which was a famous resort for the mer chants and ship owners of those days. It was managed by Mr. James W. Ila'lo, who afterwards started a postal system in opposition to the government. Mr. Hale's customers often wanted to send small parcels to Boston and Provi dence, and he suggested to a young man who was out of employment that tiier latter should travel between New York ai.d hose cities, carrying letters and parcels and doing errands for business men. Mr. Hale suggested that the new enterprise should be called the Express,, a name which gava aD idea of speed and promptitude. After some hesitation the young man, whose name was William F. Harden, adopted the suggestion and bought a cheap carpet bag. .' That carpet bag proved to be the bo ginning of the express business of the United States, and it is represented to day by a system which has made mil lionaires of a score of men, and which is next in importance to the postollice and railways. The Adams Express company often carries merchandise, etc., worth twenty million dollars in a single day. Thb United States Treasury intrusts to it the carriage of all bank notes and spe cie; and with the American Express company it transacts a greater exchange and banking business in the transfer of money than all the private bankers put together. The two great companies which have monopolized nearly all tho small con cerns employ nearly 8,000 men, 1,500 horses, 1,200 wagons and 3,000 safes. They travel over 100,000 miles daily, and scarcely a railway train runs ou any road that has not a special car at tached devoted to the business of tho express. The Outcome of Miscegnation. The marriage of Ada Deyo, a pretty and aeconiplfshed white girl, and the adopted daughter of John Deyo, a . wealthy farmer of Gardiner, Ulster count-, N. Y. to a negro who worked for Deyo, in the autumn of 1880, was widely reported at the time. The girl is now an inmate of the Sullivan coun ty poor-house, near Monticello, N. Y. Miss Deyo was engaged to bo married to an estimable young man, but the en gagement was broken, and shortly af terward she ran away with the negro Sampson. The pair went to all tho ministers in Kingston, but were unablo to get anyone to marry them until Miss Deyo had been transformed into a ne gress by the aid of burnt cork. When asked recently why she left her hus band the young woman, after a mo ment's hesitation and crying, replied: "You see, as long as they kept coming to see us, and everybody was excited over our marriage, John was very kind to me. He protected me from inquisi tive people, kept up my courage, and appeared to love me as I did him. But he gradually changed, and after out lit tle boy was born he was never the same. Finally he failed to support me, and a I was unable to work for myself, I came here." Mr. Deyo has repeatedly offer ed to give her a home if she would oa lv leave Sampson.