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m-iwcRir-TioN rates: Per year, t:,; t month", 'i ."i0; S months 1.2S LCUAL ADVIRTIS1NO RATES: (tVftuuare of eikht line:) xrmi mwniiiH .--- ARTISTIC JOB WORK A 8FECIALTT. Hilrvt Tim Table. Coathe a fM .1c trains reach Caw Orsude oilewv faiMnccr, tolnc wt 3 :.'S p. ra . Local freliM ' west . east . west 4:i a. in. Hi a. m. 6:111) p. m. W eakly Weather Keport. The f.Otowinj are the extremes o( tempera t a - irml h c wcekfl.HngThyrt.1ay, Feb 2t h: TTaY. I Ma. I Min frida 71.0 -0 .lr.ia 7 .1av " ..nd. 41.0 TtwItV eJe1ar 73 0 SH 0 Tr-eolav 70.0 MO ""Trecipitatlou .U lui-lies. A. T.Coi.tom. Observer made a trip to De Mr. Tom Davis Xoon t!ii week- Mr. W.C. Smith came up from Casa Grande? Monday. J. 1) Rcymert, Jr., wm in town this rvrk from De Noon. Mr. Wm, E. Guild went to Tucson this week fur a short visit. Mr. O. II. Swingle was down from his San Pedro ranch this week. Mr. Roliert Bowen gtarted for Phe- oix yesterday hy private conveyance Mr. A. Thomas, of Pinal, visited friends in Florence Sunday and Mon day. Messrs. W. C. Smith and W. Wood Porter made a trip to De Noon this week. The weather hns cleared off and the bright and cheerful sunshine is again on duty. There are a few young tigs upon Mr. C. V. Fuller's trees that are as large as walnuts. Mrs. II. B. Summers was quite sick last week and was unable to teach her school across the river. Mr. C. S. Walton, who lias charge of the mill at Mammoth' was in town this week, on a short visit Mr. J. M. Ochoa was among the Florence contingent to the U. S. grand jury that went to Phenix this week. Mr. Juan Avenenti's wife died last Wednesday morninjr.aftcr a protracted illness. The funeral took place TUtis- d.T. Inauguration day was observed in Florence bv displays of the national colors in frout of many business houses. Mr. B. Spencer, of the real estate firm of Gihhs Spencer, Fhenix, vis ited Florence this week and took look at the valley. Mr. Benjamin Harvey has been ranted letters of administration upon the estate of (ha late Dr. Wm. Harvey and is uow engaged in settling it up Mr. James Mathews came in from the Owl Heads this week for mare camp and mining supplies. He seem ed wall pleased with the outlook of that camp. Mr. Chas. F. IlntT, representing Messrs. A. Uoldschmidt & Co., whole' ale grocers of Tucson, came up Tueg- day on one of his regular trips through this county Considerable improvements are con templated lv owners of lots in Tur ner's addition and several residences will be erected there during the com tug summer. Mr. Ed. Rannells and mother. Miss Genevieve Ourv and Mr. Julian Laugh lin went to Phenix last week with the intention of spending several days in the garden city. Mr. McGrath has resigned his po sition at the Ray mine and has gone V California. He is succeeded by Mr, Joha Boucher who now has charge of the mine and smelter. Messrs. Maver & Shields exhibit tome fine mutton at their meat market, It was selected from a flock of fivi thousand bheep. They will keep can st ajj t supply of mutton on hand. Hon. A. J. Poran arrived from De Noou Wednesday with six hundred pounds of silver bullion from the Rey inert null. 11 reports everything satisfactory condition at that camp Judce II. B. Summers left for San 1'rancisco Wednesday, to introduce his lrprosy cure which is claimed to ic an unfailing specific. He may pos sibly visit the Sandwich islands while absent. Mr. C. C. Herman has gone on a prospecting trip up to the Ripsey dis trict where many good indications of precious metals are found outside of some really good mining properties that are partly developed. Messrs. C. F. Palmer and Frank Vernoy have removed their shop to the Wcedin building on Main street, recently vacated by Mr. Fred E. White who has removed to the room adjoin ing Mr. J. Sutcr's store on Bailey attest. The United States jurors summoned to Phenix will leave to-day and to morrow, some of them by rail and others by private conveyance. This county will supply forty or fifty jurors and the pav they receive win not cover their expenses. Mr. G. W. Clifford was in town this week from Mammoth. He reports matters quiet in that camp, but yet hopeful. He brought clown samples of rich ore from a new location recent ly- made near Mammoth that run high in silver and carry A good percentage of lead. Mr. O. P. Atwood, having complet ed his term as teacher of the Silver King school, left by Tuesday's stage for San Francisco with the intention of ultimately going to Washington Territory to locate. He will he ac companied from San Francisco by Mr. Frank Hunt, who recently preceded him to that city, Last Tuesday evening a dispute arose over a eame of cards in Silver King between George H. Roberts and Hoffman, known as "Big Hoff." Rob arts beat and kicked Hoffman badly and at last accounts the latter was bleeding internally and was in a pre carious condition. Roberts claims that the act was lustmaDle. .No ar rest have yet been made - 1Tr3f10 jg familiar y of the country is drawn a map of ' 'i that vicinity. Mr. i it to Phenix and 'J " legislative re- i establiehmen that Messrs. D. M. Hyde and B. W. Con nolly have located a mine just east of the old Wana Wata mine, two miles south of Silver King, and have made rich strike therein. Ihey will have ten tons of selected ore ready for ship ment in about two weeks that will average over 500 ounces per ton in silver. Some of the ore assays over 1000 ounces. The vein is ten feet wide carrying one foot of this ore in its center. Pasturage for beef cattle in the Salt river valley has advanced from seventy-five cents to one dollar per month, per tieail, and owners or stock: nnd hey have made an unprofitable ven- ure while tlie price ot beet is o low. 'he pavment of $500 per month on a herd of 500 steers very soon consunus 11 the extra value obtained by pastur- ge and makes a serious inroad upon their original value. Tucson recently celebrated its "Ar bor l)ay"!in grand and imposing style. Speeches were made and the occasion was a popular and pleasant altair. ioi. Jas. A. Zabriskie made a most elo quent address and others contributed largely to the interest of the exercises. Mr. J. H. Swart wont, of the Chicago Safe and Lock company, visited Flor- nce this week, combining business with pleasure. He makes his head quarters at San Diego, California. Mr. Swartwout sees a brigut tuture lor tnis portion of Arizona. There will be a dance given at the Court House on Monday evening, March 18th, in commemoration of St. Patrick's day. It will be under the management of Prof. Lohman, which is a guaranty that a good time will be experienced. The machinery for the ice works has not yet arrived although it was due some time ago. Everthing else about the establishment is ready and all that now remains to be done is to put the machinery in place when it arrives. Mr. P. Boscha has sold his Casa Grande livery stable to Mr. N. A. Brown, who will hereafter conduct it in connection wilh his stage line to the mining camps below. Mr. Bos cha his returned to Florence to reside. The Enterprise acknowledges re ceipt of a neat pamphlet entitled"Cen- tral and Southwestern Arizona. 1 he Garden of America," by Thos. E. Far ish, Commissioner of Immigration. The Daily Epitaph, of Tombstone, has reappeared as bright five-column folio, newsy and full of interesting matter. It is conducted by Messrs. Geo. F. Meak and Jos. T. Madero. Mr. A. J. Tenier is among the pil grims to Phenix to attend court. He will leave this afternoon and his black smith shop will be closed during his absence. Mr. Geo. W. Campbell has recently set out five acres of raisin grapes and many fruit trees of different varieties, on his ranch west of town Building and Loan Association. 1 Florence, Ariz., March 4, 18S9. A meeting was held at the Florence Hotel for the purpose of organizing a branch of the American Building and Loan Association. Mr. W. E. Guild was elected temporary chairman and F. B. Maluonado, secretary. Nominations for officials being in order, Mr. W. C. Smith was nominat ed and elected president ; Mr. Geo. Thurston and Mr. W. Wood Porter were nominated for secretary. Mr. W. Wood Porter was elected by ac clamation. Mr. Ochoa and Mr. Whittemore were nominated for treasurer. Mr. I. T. Whittemore was duly elected treasur er. A committee of three was appointed consisting of Messrs. Geo. W. Camp bell, John J. Devine and Wm. E. Guild, to select nine directors and re port a, the present meeting. A recess of five minutes was taken. The following named gentlemen were elected as directors to act as a board in connection with the president and treasurer: R. II. Martin, G. W. Campbell, John J. Devine, L. K. Drais, Thos. F. Weedin, C. D. Henrv and W. E. Guild. The treasurer was ordered to file a bond of $2,000, said bond to be deliver ed to the agent of the company. It was agreed to meet on the last Saturday of each month in Mr. Guild's office, at 8 o clock p. m. There being no further business, the meeting adjourned till its next regular meeting. F. B. Maldojjado, Sec'y pro tem Spot cash Smith & Co. prices at W. C Kev. I. T. hittemore is nTVng preparations for the erection of a par sonage adjoining his church property in the Western Addition. The apricot and almond trees throughout the valley now present one solid mass of pale pink bloom. There was born, in Casa Grande, on March 6th, to the wife of Mr. A Price, a nine-pound daughter. Linen dusters hare appeared and the beginning of warm weather must now be accepted as at hand. Mrs. J. G. Keating has been quite sick for the past week or two with an attack of jaundice. This is good growing weather and vegetation of all kinds is coming for ward splendidly. Mr. J. M. Ochoa of this place was appointed foreman of the U. S. grand jury at Phenix. St. Patrick's day comes on Sunday this year, it being one week from tomorrow. Mr. W. D. Harrington came down from the Ripsey ranch yesterday. Mr. Jesse Mayhew was in town this week from his Halfway house. Mr. C. F. Bennett was down from Silver King this week. Mr. John Boucher went to Casa Grande yesterday. Punch 5 cent cigars, just received at T. F. Weedin'g. tele- Choice Early. Rose table po tatoes $1.90 per 100 lbs. Choice California pink beans $4.50 per 100 lbs. Coal Oil, per case $4.00. California Flour, per 100 lbs 4.00 Choice Eastern Butter 35c, per lb. Everything else in our line at proportionately low prices. Above hgures are for Cash. Hotel Arrivals. The following are among the recent arrivals at the Florence Hotel : L. L. Smith, J. K. Luedke, Pinal C. M. Marshall, Casa Grande; Al Liebenthal, J. A. Yager, San Francis co; John L. Scott, Pinos Altos, X. M. J. D. Reymert, Jr. G. E. Blutcher, De Noon ; C. J. Jones, San Francisco; J E. Seaman, H. T. Allen, Ourav, Colo; O. P. Atwood, Silver King; Chas. S. Walton, G. W. Clifford, Mammoth; J. Mathews, Owl Heads ; Chas. F. Hoff, Tucson; Dr. Jos Iu ra, Richmond, Ind; Robt. Bowen, bilver King; J. Laughlin, Phenix ; Frank D. W. Gay lord, Georgia; A. D. Brewster, Mineral Hill ; A. J. Doran, De Noon; Harry Jones, C. C. Herman, Silver King; B. Spencer, Phenix; E. S. Stafford, Minneapolis; T. A. Lonergan,-Alfred Kinney, Jno. M. Jones, Globe; T. G. Bates, Dudleyville; C.B.. Stone, Mer ced, Cal ; Jas. O. Kincaid, Silver King; T. A. Cunningham, Dudleyville; E. A. Murphy, Tempe; W. P. Murphy, Biabee; 0. 11. tjwingle, San Pedro. ) : r , I , Yankee Motions. A complete line of Yankee Notions may be found at Isaac Richmond's new store, on Main street, south of Denier's blacksmith shop. Fresh fruits, canned goods, groceries and provisions, at the lowest cash price. Laces and embroidery a specialty. Isaac Richmond. Mr. E. S. Statlord, traveling agent of the American Building and Loan Associations of Minneapolis, Minne sota, organized a local branch in Flor ence this week with a good subscrip- ioh list of shares. The association is Three Governors at Once. A Charleston, West Virginia gram, dated March 4th, says: At noon to-day General Goff, the re publican candidate for governor, and the claimant of the office, took the oath in one of the rooms of the State House set apart for the use of the governor, and about the same time, in another apartment, President Carr, of the Senate, also took upon himself the prescribed oath, and prepared to tran ssiet the buginess of the office, while in bis private office F. W. Wilson, who his filled the office for the past four years, continued to discharge his ac customed duties, and in and about the State House there was gathered a tre mendous crowd of people, about equal ly divided between the two political parties. About 12 :J0 o clock General Goff and several friends came into the Cap itol and proceeded to the private office of Governor Wilson, who was also sur rounded bv bis friends. General Goff mounted a chair and addressed the crowd which had assembled in the room. He claimed that he had re ceived a clear majority of the votes cast, charged Speaker Woods of the House of Delegates with having failed in the performance of his constitution al duties in not declaring the result, and said : "I am now ready, in the presence of these people of my state, to kiss the holy bible and commit my self to the destiny that awaits me by virtue of the partiality of my fellow citizens." The oath was then administered by II. C. McWhorton, after which General Goff proceeded to Governor Wilson's private office and demanded possession. Governor Wilson was surrounded by a dense mass of his friends and party leaders. In reply to the demand he said he was of the opinion that the legislature, as a co-ordinate department of the government, in joint assembly, had exclusive jurisdiction to ascertain and declare the result of the election, and no title could come from any other source. He felt it his duty to continue in charge. President Carr made a similar demand after taking the oath, and was sinnlajly refused, and thus matters stand. Tansill's Punch, 5-cent cigars just received at the drugstore. "Cattle Kate" Score the Gamblers. The Lover Gila. From W. A. McGinnis, who is the engineer in charge of the construction work for the St Louis company, now owning the Mohawk canal, the South Gila ditch, the South Gila canal and the Agua Caliente springs, the report er has gained considerable information. Mr. McGinnis spent several days in this city, visiting his family, and re turned to his work last night. He states that the South Gila Ditch will be completed for a distance of 25 miles bv the 15th instant. It has a bottom width of 10 feet at the head and for several succeeding miles, and of 8 feet at the end. It will carry 10,000 inches of water, and considering that it is in the Gil river bottom it is thought that it will reclaim 40,000 acres of land. The colony which recently ar rived has prepared a large area of land which will certainly be brought under cultivation the present season. A number of nice houses have been put up. The town of the colony will be Christoval, which will shortly be sur veyed. The survey of the South Gila canal, which will be 55 miles in length and cover about 140,000 acres of mesa land will begin in a few days. I he company also contemplates the erection of a fine resort hotel at the hot springs on this side of the river at an early day. This is a fine show ing for the western end of our county, Aruonan. t conducted upon the general plan of all societies of the kind, and provides for loaning money to shareholders at low rate of interest upon good se curity, lucson has an independent association of the kind that has already done mucn good in aiding its mem bers to erect houses and to -make other improvements they could not lave otherwise done. A good field has long been open in this place for an independent association which is now filled by the above named society, and it is expected that some tangible benefits will shortly be realized by its members. Discovery of Kleetion Fraud. The first fruits of the investigations into the big republican majority in St. Louis at the November election is given columns of space in two morn ing papers of that city. A complete canvass of the city has been made un der the direction of Assistant United States District Attorney Knapp, and in the reports received by that official it is claimed that dead men, non-resi dents and negroes not designated as colored on the registration lists, were voted. The assertion is made that prominent citizens are involved, and a ereat sensation is promised, as a re sult of these investigations, four per sons, all colored, have been arrested by the United States authorities, it said that other arrests will follow. Congress provided well for General Rosecrans. It passed a bill restoring him to the rank of Brigadier General anW he was then placed on the retired A it i p"1" 'i-'tVirr,riY,lff Cheyenne, Wy., Feb. ' 21. Mrs, Kate Maxwell, the Belle Starr of Wy oming, closed up a gambling house at Bessemer, Monday night, recovered several thousand dollars which had been lost by her cowboys, and then saved the lives of the two gamblers, just as the infuriated cowboys were going to string them up. She is known as "Cattle Kate," and runs a small ranch near Bessemer. Sunday she was robbed of $1,500 by her own men here. Suspicion was aroused against the gamblers. Their room at "Besses mer was crowded Monday night when Kate strode in accompanied only by her foreman and both armed to the teeth. While Kate covered the dealer with a six shooter. Mason, her fore man, secured the box and showed the crowd that game was an unfair or brace one. This enraged the cowboys and Farelv and Bodell were terribly beaten, and told to prepare for alynch- ing. The ropes wer? in sight when Cattle Jtate interceded for the two wretches, and announced she would divide their money, amounting to several thousand dollars.which she had secured. Bodell and Farely were chased out of town. Their place was hred and all han(i3Hnt., over t Mrs, Maxwell's ranch, where a dance and general good time followed. The new barber shop has crawled to the 'op. C. "B. Mo. 0. Council bill No. 6 provides: That persons disposing of wines or liquors in quantities of one quart and upwaru snau pay a license of M per quarter, and in quantities of less than one quart, $150 per quarter, which lice nse tax shall be paid in addition to any other license tax paid by the same party for any other business carried on by him at the same place Ihis is intended to protect the sa loon men against the ceneral stores that sell liquor by the class, and will if it becomes a law, only have the ef iect of compelling a man who insists upon taking his drinks at a grocery store, to drink a quart at a time. Ex 1 he finest turnouts in the country and the best stock at Drew & Bam rick's livery stable A Dlitrsccfui Scene. A Washington dispatch of March 3d, gives the following particulars of a disgraceful scene in the senate that has no parallel in the history of that dignified body. It says: Senator Riddleberger of Virginia was ejected from the Senate Chamber to night. The thronged galleries ap plauded vigorously as the sergeant-at-arms of the Senate and one of his principal deputies seized Riddleberger at the command of the President pro tem, Mr. Ingalls, and forced him from his desk, to. which he clung, and push ed him into the cloak-room whence he was taken to a safe retreat. Riddle berger has been under the influence of liquor for some time. To-night h was unusually ugly and kept the floor almost continuously objecting to the transaction of all kinds of business. Ingalls ignored his interruptions and several bills were discussed and passed. On Riddleberger hiccoughing his ob jections, Ingalls announced that he declined to recognize the Senator from Virginia further, and Riddleberger sank back into his chair and wasqid-H for a moment. In a short time he was again on his feet obstructing bus iness. The crowds in the gallery were amused at the spectacle. A number of Senators went to Riddleberger to calm him. Butler of South Carolina spoke to him and urgad him to be in order. Vest of Missouri next triad to quiet him. Then Sherman made an effort to bring him to his senses. Hoar tried a little New England persuasion lhen lellerot Colorado whispered a few words, but Riddleberger paid no heed to these friendly counsels. After Ingalls refused to recognize im further, he telegraphed to Govern or Lee of Virginia his resignation and then took the floor again to interrupt business. Ingalls then directed the lergeant-at-arms, Colonel Canady, to remove the benator lrom Virginia from the chamber. Canady and a deputy advanced. Canady placed his hand on Riddleberger s shoulder and whispered a word. Riddleberger shook his head, and then Canady pushed him slightly toward the cloakroom. Riddleberger then seized his desk and clung to that. The sergeant and his stalwart deputy then forcibly ejected him from the chamber, and took him to some safe place to recover his senses. Ihe Senate proceeded to transact its business as soon as this disgraceful scene was ended. Riddleberger, when removed to the cloakroom, quieted down, and after about a quarter of an hour left the Capitol for his hotel in the company of a friend. Ariaona Land Declalon. Consumption Surely Cured. To the Editor. Please inform your readers that I have a positive remedy for the above named disease, By Its timely use thousands of hope less cases have been permanently cur ed.- I shall be clad to send two bot tles of my remedy free to any of your readers who have consumption if they will send me their express and post- othce address. Respectfully. T. A. SLOCUM, M. C. 181 Pearl St. New York. Against Public Schools. Pittsburg (Pa.), March 3. At the dedication of a Catholic Parochial School building in Pittsburg on Sun day, Bishop Kane of Wheeling deliver ed an address, in which he severely denounced the public school system of America. In the course of his re marks he said the public school sys tem was divorced from moral and re ligious training. He could not understand how it was just for a poor man who has no chil dren to be compelled to pay a tax to help educate the son and daughter of a millionaire. The State, he said, has no more right to tax a poor man for the education of a rich man's children than for the support of the rich man's family. He denied that the Catholic Church was opposed to education, and said: "The great problem that confronts us to-day is the same as that which confronted the people in Apostolic times. There were schools then, but they were Pagan schools and the only way to counteract their effect- was to establish Christian schools. That is what the Catholic Church is trying to do in America now." Washington, March 6. Commis sioner Stockslager of the general land office, has rendered an important land decision in the Tumacacon and Cala- bazas private land claim in Arizona holding there is authority for restrain ing the survey of such claim for tw reasons: First that the land being within Gadsden s purchase of 18o3, is not operated upon by the act of July 22nd, 1884, and of the treaty of Gau dalupe Hidalgo; second: that the "preliminary survey" of a private claim does not of itself operate as a with drawal of surveyed lands from settle ment, and the entry in the cases in curred by said act of 1853 are legal, the withdrawal being only of lands actually claimed or which shall be legally claimed. Under this holding neanv three million acres ot land in New Mexico and Arizona are in a state of unlawful reservation from settle ment. Nearly all private claims in Arizona are within the Gadsden pur chase. PHYSIOLOGY AND HYGIENE Iloraes For Bale. A lot of good work horses for sale al Drew t Bamnck s stables, Florence. Our Djsert Lands and Irrigation. Every day the subject of irrigating lands for the purpose of cultivation is becoming more important. The gov ernment lands capable of cultivation without irrigation are being rapidly taken up by settlers, and the necessity of redeeming the and plains is press ing upon us. I he trials which have been made indicate that cultivation under a proper system of irrigation is so much superior to that which de pends upon the rains and. dews of heaven that it is only a question of time when the lately called esert lands will bloomr blossom and' fruit beyond the hope of the vaUeys'wbich wait upon the clouds. Many thous ands of fertile acres are only waitiug water to fit them for theplqw of the husbandman. I here is pKm v ul wa- er going to waste among the. moun tains and in the valleys. The only question is how 'shall it be saved and distributed. . Private enterprise is do ing much in this direction, but in many sections the expense involved is so great and the results to" be obtained so large that it is believed that the na tional government will have to under take the work or at least assist in it As inhabitants multiply and consump tion increases, the nation cannot afford to hold idle and useless lands which at a comparatively small expense can be made productive, addiug to the wealth and happiness of the people and to the strength of the nation. l he question has already attracted attention in Congress and will doubt less occnay much thcught and time in future legislative assemblies Chi cago Inter Ocean. Aa Mu ol Danger of Contagion from Diph theria in Mild Canes as in Severe Ones. That diphtheria iu all its forms is conta gious seems to be an undoubted! (act, and iu se vere cases every precaution is taken to pre vent its spread. But tbe danger in wild cases is quite as great, from tbe fact that fewer precautions are generally taken. A physician claims that what is commonly called follicular tonsilitis in one patient may produce tbe severest kind of diphtheria in another member of the family. On this point Dr. Jacob! is quoted as fol lows: What has been called follicular tonsllltl Is mostly diphtheria. It is seldom dangerous to tbe patient, as tbe tonsils have but very little lymph communication with the rest of the body, but it is contagious. This form is fre quent in the adult, in whom it loses nothing, however, of its contagiousness. . Diphtheria in the adult proves dangerons to the com munity, mostly because it does not restrain the patient from coinmuuicating the disease. It is apt to last long: First, because most cases occur on a surface covered with pave ment epithelium (tonsils); secondly, because of the constant exposure and neglect on tbe part of the patient. Even without it, diph theria may last weeks and more; with It, it is subject to sudden relapsea As lung as it lasts it is contagious. As diph theria is but a mild affection in many adults, who disregard it and fre quently do not care to mention its existence, pain in swallowing and moderate malaise be ing the only symptoms, the question of trans mission by means of clothing, etc, on the part of third persons is capable of becomkig more difficult to answer than it ever was. Many a case which has been believed to be thus carried is probably one of direct con tagion from a patient to a second person, from this second to a third. Another authority explains that tbe con tagion of diphtheria, scarlet fever, whooping cough and measles is due to microbes given off from the skin or breath of the patient. They either float in the air of the room, or become attached to the furniture, walls and bedding. Infested rooms and persons should, therefore, be avoided; while attendants are advised to keep their stomachs in an active condition with digestible food, but should not overload them. Most microbes are digested and rendered harmless by a vigorous stom ach. A Cure for Round Shoulders. Annie Jenness Miller, of dress reform fame. tolls that she has seen a stooping figure and a halting gait, accompanied by the unavoid able weakness of lungs incidental to a nar row chest, entirely cured by the very simple and easily performed exercise of raising one's self upon the toes leisurely in a perfect per pendicular several times daily. To take this exercise properly one must take a per fect position with the heels together and tbe toes at an angle of 45 degs. Then drop the arms lifelessly by the sides, animating and raising the chest to iu full capacity muscu- larly; tbe chin well drawn in, and tbe crown of the head feeliDr, as our professor used to put it, as if at tached to a string suspended from the ceiling above. Slowly raise upon the balls of both feet to the greatest possible height, thereby exercising all of the muscles of the lefts and body; come again into the standing position, without swaying the body back ward out of tbe perfect una Kepeat this same exercise, first on one foot and then on the other. It is wonderful what a straight ening out power this exercise baa upon round shoulders and crooked backs, and one will be surprised to note how soon the lungs begin to show the effect of suoh expansive development. abolition of slavery. Oct. 12-13. rfH, Mary land adopted a new constitution, whose twenty-third article Anally abolished slavery iu the state. Ordinances of Immediate euian cipation, without submission to popular vote, were passed Feb. 13, 1864, by a convention of delegates from those portions of Virginia within the Federal lines, and Jan. 11, lbli5, by a new state convention in Missouri. Tbe Abuse of Milk In the Diet. Tbe advantages of using a great deal ef milk are very generally urged, but a Cana dian physician uow claims that there may be an abuse of this usually healthful beverage. It is especially contra-indicated in cases of acute rheumatism. In a number of cases cited, all the patients had been large drinkers of milk and their respective temperatures were over 1US. The pain was also extremely severe. They were put upon a diet of thin water gruel flavored to taste and a mixture containing ten grains of salicylate of .soda to be taken in half a tumbler of weak lemonade Ka very two hours till relieved. Inside of thirty- six- hours the symptoms bad, in every case, aluoosj entirely disappeared. Drew & Bamrick are the maill con tractors to Silver King and Pinal. The be6t stock quickest andtime made . Advice to Mothers. Mas. Wikslow's Soothing Stecp, for children teething, is the prescription of one ot the best temale nurnes and physicians in the United States, and has been used for for ty years with never-failing success by mil lions of mothers for their children. During the process of teetmng its value is mcalcu lable. It relieves the child trom pain, cures dysentery, and diarrhoea, cripinR in the bow- i i . i i I 1.1. iu. aim wum-coiiu. ay g,iug imajbu w 1.110 els. child it rests the mother. tie. Price 23 c. a bot- Save money by buying railroad tic kets cheap, of Sam Drachman, Tuc son. Louisiana Lottery tickets for sale tsgent for Little Louisiana Lot- We are in receipt of a letter from Geo. Scott, correcting a statement made in our columns several weeks ago, about cotton growing wild on the San Pedro. Mr. Scott informs us that the boles left at our office by Mr. Red man were plucked from plants grow ing in his garden, and that he has raised cotton which produced 72 boles to the stalk, the stalks six inches apart. The plants were irrigated but only in differently cultivated. Mr. Scott adds, "I was raised where cotton is king, and I believe that the lands along the Colorado, Gila, Salt and San Pedro rivers produce as fine cotton as is raised in the Southern States, and as muoh or more to the acre. Silver Belt. Frank Cushing's find of a vast cem etery in Arizona bids fair to be greater importance than was at first supposed. Over one hundred skulls being examined all prove to be the broad or round type and not one of the long or dolicho cephalic sort. There are fragments and remains arts and industries in the graves which enable scientists to reconstruct quite fairly the state of civilization of the natives of that land when the ceme tery was in use. But most important of all, those who were sent on from Washington to aid Mr. dishing hav discovered that in the jaw there is in variably a peculiarity almost unknown to our race. 1 he problem of the ar dent population of our southwest now seems near solution. St. Louis Globe Democrat. An AHectlne Poem. Richard EL Burton is tbe author of the poem, "The City of the Dead." it U as fol lows: They do neither plight nor wed la the city of the dead. In tbe city where they sleep away the hours; But they lie, while o'er them range Winter blight and summer change. And a hundred happy whisperings of ftowera, Ko, they neither wed dot plight, And the day is like the nlht. For their vision is of other kind than ours. They do neither sing nor sigh la tbe burg of by and by. Where the streets have grasses growtag cool aad long; But they rest within their bed. Leaving all their thoughts unsaid. Deeming silence better far than sob or song. No. the7 neither sigh nor sing. Though the robin be a-wing. Though the leaves oi autumn inarch a million strong. There Is only rest and pease In the city of surcease From the failings and the waiHngs neata taeeoa: And tbe wings of the swift years Beat but gently o'er the biers. Making music to the sleepers, every one. There Is only peace and rest; But to them It esumetn best. For tbey lie at ease, and know that Bf e done. I'nblfo Half. .rnnrir. ta rfF.REBY GT7ES THVrl.v i ,innra of an order of the Prubalo of the County of "rinai, Territory ol ArJ rcnde on the 2-lt'u day of December, Ufa, 4 r..rtr .,f tlie fHtnte of Patrick Holland, d. eci, the undersigned W.C. Smith, adminisf : hi. ..tttitf nf I'ntrUk Hohftiid. deci-ase-i sell at public auction, to the nigliest biuUrt cash, on Tucsauy the 19th day of March,! at i O ClOCK p. m., al IUC nuunuu irului Florence in taid Final county, the folia: personal property, to wit: jj Anvil, blacksmith vise and lot of old f water-cart, hay derrick aud truck, ! new vr hubs, 8 beaver traps, scrapers, 1 seed-to 1 barrow, 3 plows. 2 header wagons and bt-v forks, 2 old mowers, interest in portable eip glue, ana one separator aiiu uen. That ou Thursday, liarcii 21t, at 9 o'clock a. m., the undersigned will sell atfii b lic auction for cash, to the highest binder, iu the Holland cattle ranch, 22 miles S. . froiu said town of Florence, the following personal property to wit: i interest, in possessory rljrlit to, aud im provements on Holland cattle ranch aforeaid, 1 burkskiu mare, 2 cults, (2 years), 1 blak iiiaro aud colt, 2 pumps, aud the whole of the P. H. brand oi cattle (150 head more or less; running at large ou rauge. W. C. SMITH. Bank of General. Washington, In the array register of 1780, is set down aa "commander-in-chief," while in the register dated Jan. I, 1783, he is de scribed as "general and commander-in-chief." The rank of general was revived by the act of July 4, 180H, under which Grant was pro moted on Jafy "SO. Grant bad previously, Uorch 2, 1864, been promoted lieutenant gen eral, under the act of Feb. 29, ISM. gher man was promoted lieutenant general on July 35, ISS0, when Urant. ob tained his generaicy; he was pro moted general March 4, 1SG9. Sheridan was promoted lieutenant general on tbe same day. As the grade of general bad been limited by an act of congress to Sherman, and that of lieutenant general to Sheridan, the latter was not promoted when Sherman retired. In June last, however, a law was passed reviving the generaicy of the army, which was signed by President Cleveland at once; under it Sheridan was promoted on June 3, 1888. The rank became extinct on bis death last July, the rank of lieutenant general having become extinct on bis pro motion. The highest rank ot our army now is that of major general commanding ths army Who Would Be Inanffuratedt Query. Whether Levi P. Morton, vice president-elect, can take tbe president's chair, if Harrison was to die to-morrow I If the president-elect should die before In auguration Day, the vice president-elect would be inaugurated, and act as president, but if the qualified electors had not cast their votes, the case might be different, as the elec tors can vote for whom tbey please. In the case of Horace Greeley, congress decided that the electors could not vote for a dead man and so tbe three votes for Greeley from Geor gia were not counted. The other Democratio electors divided their vote thus: For Thomas A. Hendricks, 43; for B. Gratz,6rown, 18; for Charles J. Jenkins, 3; for David Davis, L Accepting this precedent it follows that if Harrison should die before the electors act in February, the Republican electors could choose Morton or any other man; and if they should divide, tbe election woultll to the bouse of representatives. In other words, ths people do not elect a president; that is done by tbe electors. SorvlceaM Sugscstioa. To cure a felon keep the flagar in a bag; ef salt . .' v 1 Honey In a little water Is SEoellent to smooth and whiten some bands. To avoid a wrinkled skin use tooidtatar. In case of a severe sprain immerse joint in water hot as can be borne for fifteen minutes. - " .Boil your drinking water unless ft is known to be absolutely pure. Dont sleep on the ground floor of the house, ff It can be avoided. . IIS'S HOTEL f'ASX GRANDE. A. T. New and Excellent Accomodations Rooms en Suite aad Siny-lo. Especial attention given to the CUI,il..RY DEPARTMENT and to COMMERCIAl. TRAVELERS. Baths, Hot and Cold, Everything First-ds-M, Jiewlv fiTrnish-'d tmnsrhnut. With at uaciiuiis" taar waniliil tin rlalTa as the rao.it popular Hotel in r"inai Co. Aisotue mostconvenlent to K. K. Depot and central lo cation. After February 20th, 1889, will be under the manasrement of Mrs. Pauline Fryer in person who will attend to the wants of her guests. With manv thanks for past favors, would solicit the patrouase of my former friends and the pub lic generally that visit our territory, promising to all weary travelers the real comlorts oi a home. N. B. Attendants will be at each train. All stages stop at the door. PAULINE FRYER. MARVELS OF THE NEW WEST. Six Boohs In one Volume; arTe! of Na ture; Marvels of Race; Marvel of En terprise; Marvels of Mining; Marvels of Stock Kaiaiug and Marvels of Agri culture. In all partflofthe eouutry for this grand new book. Agenis Wanted SOCIAL ETfQUETTE. Minor, For Sale. Ninety acres of cultivated land with unfailing water right, one-half mile west of Florence, for sale. For fur ther particulars apply at this office A rich gold mine has been found in the Plomosa district, eleven miles east of Ehrenberg, by Castulio Molino and Jose Lucero. The specimens brought to town by the discoverers are ex tremely rich and show heavy wire gold in many places. A large number of prospectors will leave for the new strike next week. Yuma Sentinel. There are twelve candidates for gov Sister Fannle's Marriage. Charles McAbe, aide-de-camp, and Lieutenant lannie Lawton thereupon arose, and accompanied by Kev. Thomas Lawson, the bride's brother and by Capts. Findly and Miss Keefe, stepped forward. The clergyman per formed the ceremony in a few words, but the gallant officer proved a sorry bridegroom, for when told to put the ring on his bride s finger he did not know which was the correct member, and to add to his dereliction of plain duty he was so ungallant as to neg lect to salute his bride. Nor did the clergyman act any better. At one juncture it looked as though the bride groom had screwed up his courage to the kissing point, but it failed him and the fair bride took her seat un- saluted. S. F. Chronicle. Morals of Society Pojranetnalltj- Causes Much Discord. Mrs. Qherwood discusses in The World some of tbe minor sins against the etiquette ot good society, and among other things she says: Nothing is more common than the im morality of keeping one's friends waiting. It Is the privilege of a few people in this world to be so fascinating and so worth wait ing for that we are ail willing to be sufferers in this cause. The anticipated pleasure of seeing them when they do come is so great that we are willing and anxious to have that anticipated pleasure put off until tbey are ready to appear. But tbe re;t of us are Dot so fascinating perhaps it is a birth right of which we have been defrauded aud we find if we do keep people waiting theft we grow iccidedly unpopular, and people can do without us very welL Perhaps we keep a friend waiting who is nervous about her horses; they take a severe cold, be cause we are not ready at the hour appointed. Does she call for us again! No; not unless we are unusually fascinating. We promise to play the accompaniment at a friend's bouse for a siuger. We are not punctual, and 250 people sit with the added anxiety which a postponement causes, and the whole music becomes a discord because we are tardy. We intend to go to a reading, but we are late and enter after tbe silence has fallen on the crowd. Perhaps we overturn a chair. and all the company is disturbed. We promise to be present at a business meeting, where six or seven ladies, all as busy as bees, are waiting for us. We are late, and the six other ladies are defrauded of a day of time which is more precious than diamond dust. Tbe sands of the hour glass in our crowded lives are all diamonds. We cannot afford to lose one of them. Among men the business of being "on time" is a peremptory one, but in society and among ladies there is a very decided and em phatic wrong committed by inattention to this minor morality on which hangs so much. Hardworking people are apt to be irritable, and who works so hard as fashionable women I Therefore people who keep these bard workers waiting are apt to Irritate. The largest sale in the shortest time of any book published: nearly 800 pases and over 360 elegaut eutrravintrs. rine poriratut vli iuuiruau mugs. Mining and (.aitlc KiiiffS. The success of working agents is something remarkable, many of them are making from $5 TO $20 A DAY. A new A?eut sold 70 copies in 6 days. Afrent's proht 1136.00. &uow tne oook ana it sens liseit. None but good, earnest workers wanted : as terri tory is very valuable. Do not delay, bnt write at once for illustrated circulars and special terms free. I ou wot need no experience or capital in this business as our "nto plans" allow agents to order books on SO day's time be fore paying our bills. Address - THE HISTORY CO, 723 Met St. San Francisco, Ca!. Florence Meat Market. Soatk oi Collingwood's Store. all kinds of Choice Fresh Meats. MAYOR & SHIELDS. Notice To Creditors. IN THE PROBATE COURT OF PINAL COUN ty. Territory of Arizona. In the matter of the estate of Dr. Wm. Harvey, deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned ad ministrator of the estate of Dr. Wm. Harvey de ceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against said deceased, to exhibit them, w'th the necessary vouchers, within four mont us after !the first nubllcation of this notice to tbe said aominlstrator, at Weedin's drug store, In the town of Florence, connty of Pinal and Terri tory ol Arizona. BBJiJAJlIN HAKVEY. v Doe, A. T. Administrator. Absolutely Pure. Thli tKwder neve rvariea. A marrel of purity. streugUi and wholesome ness. Mure economical than the erdinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the multitHde of low test. snort weignt amm or pnospnaie powaera. boia only in cans. Koyal Bakikg Powdek Co, lo$. Wall St N. V. WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED. STANDARD AMD BEST. riWEBSTE,8RARr THE CURIOSITY SHOP. K front of tbe Emancipation Proclamation od States Not Seceded. President Lincoln, in considering; the ques tion of emancipation, felt constrained to re gard tbe interests of those slave states which had not seceded trom the Union. In his mes sage of Deo. 1SC3, he recommended the adoption of three amendments to the consti tution, providing for the issue of bonds to compensate states which should abolish slav ery before 1900; for the validation of the emancipation proclamation and kindred measures, and for colonizing free negroes out of the country. Bills to compensate Mis souri and Maryland for abolishing slavery were-introduced by members from those states early in 1863, and received favorable votes in both houses of congress, but the shortness of tbe session prevented the final passage. In West Virginia, by constitutional amendment adopted March 28, 186&f rdual emancipa tion after July 4, 1B63, was secured. In Mis souri the state convention which bad origin ally been called to consider an ordinance of secession, was reconvened, and passed, June 94, 1863, an ordinance of emancipation, taa ing effect gradually after July 4, 1870. Con gress, by act of Feb, 24, 1864, emancipated negro soldiers, compensation of $300 for each being paid to loyal owners, and by act ot March 3, 1865, emancipation was extended to ths wives and children ot such soldiers. This measuns closed the record o: 30OO more Words and nearly 2000 more Illus trations than any other American Dictionary. Among the supplementary features, original with Webster's Unabridged and unequaled for concise and trustworthy information, are A Biographical Dictionary Containing nearly 10,000 names of Noteworthy rersons, wun men nationality, station, proies eioa or occupation, date of birth and death, (if deceased), etc, A Gazetteer of the World Of over 25,000 Titles, locating and briefly describ ing tne countries, cities, i owns, ana .Natural Features of every part of the Globe, and The Explanatory and Pronouncing Vocabulary oi tue names oi Noted Fictitious Persons and Places, such as are often referred to in literature and conversation. The latter is not found in any other Dictionary. WEBSTER IS THE STANDARD Authority in the Gov't Printing Office, and with the U. S. Supreme Court. It is recommended by the State Sup'ts of Schools of 36 States, and uUw8 .uite(jB rre is oi u. o. ana Canada. ' me oniy dictionary tnat ftas been selected in making State Purchases for Schools, and nearly all the School Books are based upon it. An invaluable companion in every School and at every Fireside. Specimen pages and testi monials sent prepaid on application. Published by G. ft C. MERRIAM A CO., Springfield, Mass., U.S. A. i " MADE. M 'J.Vlm, Strangest Seating; 1 I''Ya . EASIEST WcEKlHC. i - Alt si-fa from S2 calibre M ' jThe to 45 ialibru ' - sj BALLARD mMuiS2 I hns won more -. - 1 ! prizes at Turtcct fcc Bta"twithout at Shooting than " rival for accu- S all other makes 5j ' racyand killing of rines put to- VSJA powcron large i gether. . (;crBniall game We guarantee .pW' "'ft Our Goods ml equal to pvKCata-j Anything ProM wl jcgue IVTHATLTXTV , Ask your denier to show out. our rilfes. t-- Illustrated Catalogue sent fSS FKKK on up plication. Iharlis fire arms co. ISm I k3ffir EAVSiT, C03SX j0 Lyman's Patent Combination Gnn-Siglit ""i 40 Per Cent Mi ( Kefiucllon is rSNrfi SRyrt FOB TO.pago Catalogn) 5f5?3 S'Thts- Hlfles, etc Eri&Se&g&i Address, eTra. tribal wMdl.Alil. f t. 13 i nnu a not i;uns. r - - a Tor illustrated Descripuve g fc;4ts 5- IDEAL MF'O CO., f 6f Box 1064 Q Hew Haven, CottnfcJ,ic4- Notice ofDcxert Land Proof. U. S. LAND OFFICE. J Tucson, Arizona, Feb. 21, 18891 NOTICE 13 HEREBY GIVEN THAT IDA M. Hurley oi San Bernardino, Sau Bernar dino County, California, has filed notice of intention to make proof on her desert land e.aim No. KaO. for Sectiou 22, Tp. 5 S. R. 8 E., be fore the Clerk of the U. S. District Court at Flor ence, Pinal county, Ariznua, on Saturday the 6th day of April, 1889. She unmes the following witnesses to prT the complete irrigation and reclamation of said laud: George N. Pogue, Geo -are bc'jonic. Jofev-n H. Kibbeyaud Alfred c. E ans all of Floreu, Arizona. A. D. DUFF, Reenter. The Florence Bakery. Main Street, Florence. Fresh Bread. Cakes and Pies Everv Dav Bread delivered to any part of town free of charge. Fresli and Dried Fruits and Canned Good TOBACCO, CICARS, ETC. J. II. XJLE, Propria i lu my line you may need.