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Wallowa chieftain. [volume] (Joseph, Union County, Or.) 1884-1909, July 17, 1902, Image 6

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KOl'SE ROE, Publish
It Is rep TteJ that Russell Sage has
become a vegetarian.
Eventually no American town will be
without a sanitarium.
When a wi.-e man knows anything
worth telling he keeps t; to himself. ,
Even the Czar is thinkiug about re
forms; but not till his people are m
(live a man half a change an 1 he
will tell t.f a grudge he Las ugaius:
soine other man.
Women uot oniy wan: the last word,
hut they wan: the las: chapter. That
Is why they rea i the back of the book
Joseph was u,: a real c.ipta:n of in
dustry. He d.du't tw:s: the screw
when the other fellows were calling for
We very niU'-h douht the success of
the reported a::e:r.pt to form a lobster
trust. The supply is too large to tie
If the Hon. James Hogg ever lie
comes Sevretary of State, we are euun
deLt that Le will not be referred to as
"Little lii'eeche?."
"F.e virtuous an 1 you will be weal
thy." says Uncle liussell tsige wUicu
Is a rather sevo.e reliectiou on some
mighty g:,ud people.
A Cleveland preacher has discovered
that the recently developed love for
sports here in America is a sign
of degeneracy, liown with the mud
died oats'.
Mis Mary MacLaue is able to sym
pathize to some es.eut with the man
who committed suicide because be was
"tired of tiie everlasting buttoning and
The fratricidal tragedy in New York
by which oue man euineut in letters
and oue in athletics died premature
deaths was caused by a father s Injus
tice. No man should carry his hatreds
to his grave.
A Kansas editor has decided that
when a man merely lias a hook and
line in the river uu Sunday and isn't
catching anything he is not hilling.
That may be true, but if he has a gun
on his shoulder, and is merely wander
ing around In search of game he is
"Pshaw, you're afraid'." "Yes, I ami
I'm afraid of be.ng sorry and it's the
only thing I'm afraid of in this world!"
It was a scrap of a street conversation,
and the two girls who spoke were out
of sight before the words had died on
the air. But one listener, at least, was
stronger for having heard them.
Years ago a man bearing the name
of John Smith had it changed to Gaga
dig Gigadab, which name he selected
because it was as unlike John Sniitu
as he could possibly get it. And now
an Englishman, one I'amlico Tickles,
has had his name changed to John
Smith. There is no accounting for
The average American business man
la like a cat. Throw him up and he
lights on his feet. They tell the story
of a life insurance agent in Chicago
who was taken sick and carried to a
hospital. He employed his leisure
boars in persuading his nurse to take
ont an Insurance policy and his share
of the premium paid his own bill for at
tendance. Social intercourse would less fre
quently engender hard feeling If all
would observe the rule, which the Sen
ate adopted recently: "No Senator In
debate shall, directly or indirectly, by
any form of words, impute to another
Senator, or to any other Senators, any
conduct or motive unworthy or unbe
coming a Senator; no Senator in de
bate shall refer offensively to any State
of the Union." This means simply that
the Senators must behave as gentle
men. It is fair to them to say that
nios,t of them observed the rule before
It was formally adopted.
The latest maps of British East Af
rica designate an arm of the great
Victoria Nyanza as Ugowe Bay. The
origin of the name was recently told by
Sir Henry Stanley. When, twenty
seven years ago, he was making a
chart of the lake shores, he came upon
a spacious bay. Calling to a native on
shore, he asked the name of the place.
After repeated Inquiries came a faint
answer which sounded like "You go
'way." An attempt of the Interpreter
met with the same response, and Stan
ley humorously accepted the answer to
mark the spot. It continues in the
maps as Ugowe.
England is being so rapidly despoil
ed of her art treasures by American
capital that the curator of one of the
famous collections sounds a note of
warning. The man who owns a fa
mous picture Is in a certain sense a
trustee for England, be declares; be
fore he selU the canvas to an Ameri
can millionaire be should offer It to the
British nation, or to a local museum, or
to "a collector permanently domiciled
In England." Yet consideration for the
"rights' of Continental nations does not
seem to have withheld Englishmen from
acquiring the very works of Titian,
Raphael. Velasquez, Van Dyke and
other masters that are at the bottom
of the preseut pother: and If the argu
ment of lo,-al:ty applies In tUe one in
stance. It should apply In the others.
The logical truth, however, is that a
great work of art belongs to the world.
Si. lone as it :s properly takeu care of
and is made accessible to persons who
wish to study It. the place where it Is
kept is only a detail. Moreover. It is
as easy for an Englishman to come
over here to see It as It is for an Ameri
can to go to England for the same purpose.
A scientific writer in American Medi
r;ue pays a glowing tribute to the hair
pin. He hi.ds that it is of almost in
estimable value to the surgeon, who
can use it "to pin bandages, to remove
foreign bodies from any natural puss
age, as a curette for scraping away soft
material, to compress a blood vessel in
controlling a hemorrhage, and to close
a wound." In addition to these uses,
the gentleman has used the hairpin to
probe wounds and to wire boues to
gether in cases of fracture. But It is
not in surgery only that the hairpin Is
u-e.'ul. It may take the place of a
suspender button or help out when an
auvuiobile breaks de-wu. Perhaps if
the truth were known many a locutno
tive has lueu heid together, at a pinch.
by a hairpin, and we are aot surprised I
that the writer for American Medicine j
suggests that it would uiways be well I
for man to carry a supply of hairpins in
his pocket. Su' h a practice would un
doubtedly' nave important advantages,
bur there is a b-ttu au.l more pleasant
plan. If it could lie fco arranged that a
man might always have at least one
ci mpauii tiabie lady near him the hign
est usefulness of the hairpin might be
developed. Men are. alter all, but
bunglers when they endeavor to use
this delicate instrument. I'or the best
results from the hairpin, therefore, it
is cheerfully recommended that the
lady be takeu along.
More than usual interest has lately
ben directed to the matter of pure food.
The action of Germany in excluding
.foreign meats on which boric acid has
been used Is economically Important
because of the large quantity of meats
which the United States now ships to
that country. These, the American
packers say. must be treated with a
small quantity of boric acid, or else b
much more heavily salted. The amount
of boric acid used is said by American
chemists to be harmless, and eminent
German chemists have expressed .ue
same opinion. To the German govern
ment, however, it makes a difference
whose ox is treated with boric acid.
The government prohibits the use of
this preservative iu food prepared for
home consumption, yet permits it in
potted meats put up for export, on the
theory, apparently, that It Is danger
ous to the German stomach, but safe
euough for foreigners. France takes
a similar view in regard to vegetables,
permitting the export without restric
tion of canned vegetables colored
green by the use of copper, but forbid
ding their sale at home except when
the fact of the use of copper and the
quantity of it are stated on the label.
The action of Germany has naturally
set the authorities at Washington to
thinking nbout measures of self-protection.
The United States is now the only
civilized nation without adequate pure
food laws, and has therefore become
the dumping-ground for misbranded
and adulterated articles. The Secretary
of Agriculture lias authority to forbid
the importation of articles of food
which are Injurious to health, but he
has hitherto hesitated to set up dog
matic standards upou points open to
controversy. It seems simple enough,
however, to decline to receive from
other countries the things which they
will not let their own people eat.
Involuntary Stage Humor.
Robert Edeson, the actor, tells this
story of the stage: "I've seen and
heard a good many funny things in
the way of plays and play actors in
my time, but the greatest thing 1 ever
saw or heard was in Milwaukee. This
was several months ago. It was in
one of the museums there. The mu
seum had a stock company In its the
ater, and its great specialty was bor
der drama. Every week they gave a
new drama of the wild and woolly
West. This piny that I saw was a
hlood-curdler of that character, and at
the time I dropped in at the theater
the stage was pitch dark and two men
were fighting a duel. 1 could hear the
knives clash together and hear the men
stumble around the stage, but I could
only faintly distinguish the forms of
the actors. After a while there was a
thump on the floor, and the villain (I
knew It was the villain by bis accent)
hissed: 'Ah, ha! Rudolph Teghering
ton, I have you now nnd no one nigh
to see me do the deed" Then the drum
mer hit the bass drum a belt and the
calcium man turned on the light and
away up on a rocky pass a woman
(the heroinei wos seen standing. 'Cow
ard!' she shouted; 'me and heaven is
here! "
"L'Ktat, CEt MoL"
Doubtless the late Li Hnng Chang
bad heard of the famous saying, quoted
above. Imputed to Louis XIV., "I am
the State." The French king probably
never uttered the sentence. But Gen
eral James H. Wilson attributes to LI a
sentiment quite as devoid of humility.
The story is told In the New York Sua
In the negotiations carried on with
the representatives of the foreign pow
ers while the Chinese court was In
flight, a Western representative asked:
"Who Is the Chinees government?"
"I am the Chinese government," the
statesman replied.
"Where are your credentials?"
"I am the Chinese government," re-
pented LI, "and my character la my ere-'
dentiaU." ,
History of the Island Is One of Con
tinual liioodahctl -Liberty Achieved
After a CtrucKle Lasting Four Ccn
turiee A Prize Icarly Boucht.
I BA. after four
centuries of almost
continual struggle
through starvation,
misery, torture and
death, has at last
reached Its cher
ished goal of lib
erty. With the
casting off of the
old fetters and the
establishment of a
democratic form of
government, renewed hope and ambi
tion have llcoded the hearts of the
Cubans, and if they promote their fu
ture advancement with the same de
gree of unfaltering persistency that has
marked their strife for freedom, the
ultimate success of the island republic
is assured.
Since the departure of Columbus, the
history of Cuba has been oue of inces-
sant bloodshed. Her natives were of
mild disposition, happy temperament
ami easily satisfied. They did not re
sent the coming of the Spaniards, but
extended to them a hand of generous
hospitality. The invaders abused this
good feeling, however, and began at
om-e an unparalleled system of op
pression, which coutinued for centuries
Rapine, pillage, torture and butchery
fell upou the unfortunate Islanders. The
Cubans had ouly bows and arrows,
pointed with fish bones, nnd clubs hard
ened by tire, with which to resist the
Spanish hordes, armed with muskets
and cannon. Their defense was inade
quate, and an endless stream of their
life-blood poured over the fertile land
of their birth.
Before the attacks of their powerful
antagonists they gradually faded away
and each day became less able to carry
on the fight. Their lands were wrested
from them and parceled out to the in
vaders; the captured natives being en
slaved as tillers of the soil. Unused to
hard labor In the fields, the captives
weakened and died, until at the end of
fifty years' persecution it is estimated
that DOOrOW of the original population
had disappeared. All the horrors of
Spanish rule in Italy and the Dutch
countries were repeated in Cuba with
Increased zest and enlarged systems of
oppression and cruelty. The aborigines
being practically exterminated, the
same cruel treatment wad visited on
the Spanish colonists themselves and
upon the negroes who bad been import
ed as slaves. In the course of 200 years
the population was again reduced until
only about 50,000 persons remained.
Practically prisoners of war. the
Cubans had little knowledge of the
ontside world, except that gained from
the pirates who continually plundered
Cuba and the neighboring Islands, mak
ing that region the headquarters of a
vast fleet of buccaneers that ravaged
Cuban waters for two centuries. The
pirates burned the towns and made des
olate the coasts, bat Spain would
neither protect her colony nor allow the
people to arm themselves in self-defense.
The Turning- Point.
The capture of Havana by the Eng
lish and their eleven months' rule was
undoubtedly an important point In the
life of Cuba. During the short period
of English government the Cuban ports
were opened to foreign trade, and for
the first time the people realized the
extent of their resources, and the mer-
ciless manner in which they had been
robbed of their earnings.
But the era of prosperity was short,
as the English soou turned the island
over to Spain and the old system of
persecution was resumed. However,
the Cubans bad breathed the air of
comparative freedom, and they saw the
possibilities of the Island under hon
est government. Instilled with a new
born ambition for freedom, the Cubans
carried on secret arrangements for a
general uprising, and the fifty years
following the few months of English
occupancy witnessed a succession of
revolutions. Thes came the Ten Years'
War. from ISiIS to 1ST3, followed by
another uprising In 1SS5. and then the
final struggle beginning Feb. 24. 1SU5.
which resulted In the overthrow of
Spanish rule In America by the United
Stares and Cuban forces.
Cuba may drink of the cup of free
dom now. but how dearly It was pur
chased. The first era of Spanish reign,
with Its system of slavery, cost Cuba
5i.ixki lives and hundreds of millions
of treasure collected In gold dust. In
the Ten Years' War. 40.000 Cuban lives
were sacrificed and more than a billion
dollars spent, besides the confiscation
of some 13.000 estates. In the same war
Spain lost 200,0410 men and a vast sum
nf money. The final struggle cost Spain
llitutoo men and more than a hundred
millions In cash, while Cuba gave up
v r ,
half a million lives through starvation
They Occupy for Ilucland a Singularly
Commanding Position.
Imperial England knows what she Is
about. Those islands ithe Bermudas)
besides being used as a garrison for
her troops and a safe-land-locked har
bor for her warships, are a link In the
chain that connects her American prov
inces In Canada and Nova Scotia with
her possessions in the West ludies. The
Bermudas occupy for her, politically
and commercially, a singularly com
manding and an unrivaled position,
says a correspondent of the New York
.Mall and Express.
Spnin parted with Cuba because she
was forced to, nnd she sold to the
American nation the Philippine Islands
for a mess of pottage. Denmark, fol
lowing suit, for a few million kroner,
made over to us her West India pos
sessions. Catch England parting with
the Bermudas: She would no more
let them go thnu she would give up
her great strongholds In the Mediter
ranean Sea, Malta and the luvincible,
unyielding rock of Gibraltar. No pow
er will ever wrest them from her not
one foot of ground until she has lost
every ship and her last .drop of blood.
Xo: instead of parting with any of her
colonies her policy is to increase them.
Nor will England permit emigration
to or an Increase In the population of
her garrison towns Bermuda. Gibral
tar and Malta. With some precaution
ary' measures she will allow sightseers
and tourists to enter Gibraltar, but
strangers may not settle there perma
nently; uor may an alien own a foot
of ground in the Bermudas. She wants
only British subjects In these places,
and even British subjects are not al
lowed to vote In Bermuda unless they
own real estate there.
Doctor for a Milk Company.
The latest addition to the staff of a
fully equipped London milk company
Is a doctor. He Is specially employed
to watch over the company's infant
customers. What Is one baby's milk
is another baby's poison, and this com
pany's doctor is there to prescribe how
much and of what Btrength the daily
tipple shall consist. No charge is made;
the perplexed mother sends a postcard
or calls the company up on the tele
phone, and round comes the doctor.
A Transatlantic Mail.
A trans-Atlantic steamer carrying
what is called "a full mall" usually
brings 200,000 letters and 300 sacks or
newspapers for London, to say nothing
of the 500 and odd sacks for other
Aged Criminal (who has just got a
life sentence) Oh, me lud, I shall never
live to do It! Judge (sweetly Never
mind. Do as much of It as you can!"
An ounce of keep-your-mouth-shut Is
ofen worth a pound of explanation.
- .".Mil- T-ji- ,-- nilt
Cause Which Lead to Great Seismic
Iiturbance that Have Proven a
Menace to Life Since the Beginning
of Time.
The recent appalling catastrophe In
the Island of Martinique In which
many thousands of lives were lost,
owing to a volcanic eruption of Mount
Pelee, naturally turns the minds of
many to the consideration of these
strange phenomena of nature which
have been a menace to life since the
beginning of time. To the geologist
and scientist volcanic eruptions have
long been a most interesting problem
and a source of constant Investigation.
There is every evidence to prove that
tuese eruptions extend back through
ages and ages of the world's life. In
ah parts of the earth lire fouud moun
tains and other land formations which
are the result of long protracted erup
tions of volcanoes.
Eminent authorities differ ns to the
exact cause of these eruptions, seem
ingly from the bowels of the earth.
1 he generally accepted opinion, how
ever, is tlint the metallic bases of the
earth when brought into contact with
the waters of the ocean react violently,
generating a great amount of heat,
causing steam and giving rise to the
elements of the silicated minerals
which make up the volcanic rocks and
which nrc elected from the aliening in
the earth's surface. The gaseous
products or vapors arising from this
internal commotion are of sutllcient
strength to rend the earth's crust, thus
causing earthquakes and a way of es
cape for the solid and liquid materials
which are belched from the earth's in
terior. Volcanic activity, though it be
continuous, differs very much In de
gree at different times. Nearly all of
the active volcanoes have times of rel
ative repose, interrupted often at great
intervals by periods of increased ac
tivity which terminate In n violent
eruption. Thus It will be seen that
oftentimes that which Is called an ex
tinct volcano is but a seething, roar
ing mass of burning lava below the
surface which finally bursts forth and
in many instances with appalling loss
of life.
Whatever the remote cause of a vol
canic eruption may have been it is dif
ficult to believe that the Immediate
cause can be anything but a gigantic
explosion of steam in the bowels of
the earth. It is known tlint water
penetrates to considerable depths lu
the earth, even In the middle of conti
nents. This water goes as deep as the
gradually Increasing heat of the planet
will permit it to do while retaining
the liquid form. When, however, it
encounters heat sufficient to liquefy
solid bodies. It is changed Into super
heated steam-a thing whose resistless
power defies the mightiest bonds, nnd
even the rocky crust of the enrth can
not withstand the explosive energy
that Is thus brought to bear upon it.
The question often arises as to why
these explosions do not occur any
where. Sometimes they do and then
we have a new volcano. Ordinarily,
however, the explosion occurs through
the vent or throat of an already exist
ing volcano, because the weakest
points, or lines, in the earth's crust are
the places where Hew fissures ure like
ly to be formed, and along these lines
of weakness the volcanoes stand like
rows of safety valves or chimnevs.
On the American continent modern
volcanoes are limited to the Pacific
slope, along which they may be traced
almost continuously from Cape Horn
to Alaska. Great numbers of volca
noes occur throughout the Andes
-iountains, in South America. There
some nttain Immense heights, such as
Catopaxi. in Peru, which reaches an
elevation of 19.500 feet above the level
of the sea. The volcanoes of Central
America and of Mexico are numerous
and conspicuous. Throughout the
Aleutian Islands, on the north, the belt
of volcanoes iu Western America is
connected with those of Kamchatka
which, with those of Kuriles. In Japan
and of the Philippines, form a chain
of volcanic vents to the East Indian
archipelago. Thus It will be seen that
a complete circle of volcanoes sur
rouuds the Pacific Ocean. This Is a
noticeable fact in the history of vol
canoes-their general linear arrange
ment Volcanoes differ greatlyamong them
selves, not only In dimensions, but in
he degree of their activity, the quan
tity and quality of materials ejected
from them, and the continuous or In
termittent character of their action
lor more than 2,0o0 years, fr i
stance, the volcano Stromboli. in the
Mediterranean, has been constant?
discharging lava. Vesuvius, on the
other hand, had lain dormant for ages
prior to the beginning of the Christian
era. when Its discharges of lav and
ashes burled the cities of Pompeii and
Herculaneum. v and
The many formations 0f iand
throughout the world which are h
result of volcanic eruptions are tlrl
ly composed of lava. This matetiat
which, during its exit from the Sh
of the volcano resembles "
mass, is but finely ground partlc of
rock. Its passage from the crate? o
mouth of the volcano, ,8 arreted by
the cooling process of air. The ,i
ual accumulation of these ejected n
terials form a succession of , Ss tl
sembl.ng earth, which account Z
the conical shape of those volcanoes
which arise from the surface Z T
sea. Volcanoes which are located 5n
the mountains resemble otberTofTh
on.y at the top. JJ
matter which Is contained In tb
of a volcano Is oftentimes of rrj
value, as for instance, the copperrh2?
Ing stratum about Lake Bupnw
which bears evidence of having w
discharged from an active volcano it
some remote period.
Klaboratetiema of Modern Fonctl..
Npoila the Fun.
"Did you ever think how complice
good times are nowadays?" asked oa
middle-aged man of another. "Reaim.
ber what good times we used to tart
without any previous spread or ctrt
mony? Well, those days were norti
living in. When I watch my children
trying to enjoy themselves it positlrriy
makes me tired. Everything is go ,llJ(j.
led, so elaborate, so mechuutcaL Tike
my daughter Grace for Instance. Bbe
receives an Invitation to an 'Infonml
whist party.' What does she do? Do
she act pleased and dance around u
her mother would have done twenty
five years ago? No, Indeed. "Oh, both,
er! What shall I wear? If I R0 pIe
simply got to get a new gown,' is wtut
she says, and for the next week she a
breaking her neck to get the rig resdj.
The affair comes off and she comet
home, and half the time she says the
was bored to death. The fault Isn't
with her, for the next day a gang of ber
friends come In and lyr scraps of eon
versntion which drift to my ears I
know they were all bored. She is about
the overage type of girl. and. no ow
talking, she isn't having the fun ber
mother had. If she Is Invited to a real
ly formal function K'b enough to hini
the whole bouse upside down. She
doesn't get any real pleasure out of it
at all, aside from the excitement, eith
er. It's the Rnme with my son John.
But I won't go into details about John;
only, when he even takes a girl to the
theater his pocketbook looks as If m
elephant had stepped on it ufterward.
There's violets and carriages, and i
dozen other fool things, while If It's
anything more pretentious than the
theater well, my check book sullen.
Hou't care about the money if the bor
really had n good time, but he doesn't
It's nil right to talk about this being
the age of the young person, hut It's
uoL We used to get up simple. Im
promptu little nffairs. Invite a congenial
crowd and no tomfoolery about it Eten
a picnic now is a state banquet In com
parison with the good old larks we used
to have. These poor, blase, modern
youngsters may be pushing us old fel
lows to the wall a bit with their pre
cocious cleverness, but. oh, my, they
are missing a lot, just the same. Say,
do you remember that little dance
at "
But at this point in the conversation
the niiddle-ngcd man struck a remin
iscent mood, so any more Ideas which
he happened to possess on the modem
good time were left unsaid. But there
Is a lot in what he did say, now, Isn't
there? Hartford Times.
The Herculean Labor of on OUI-Tuw
Virginia richonlmaster.
A Connecticut schoolmaster thrashed
forty-nine scholars iu one day, and u
Nutmeg State papers are bragging that
he broke the record. He may have
broken the modern record, but not that
of the "better days of the republic."
Just before the war between theStatw
the late Uichard Anderson more thaa
doubly overtopped the Coniiectkot
man's performance. It was when he
was classical assistant to William Dab
ney Stuart, whose schooliionse was da
the north side of Clay street, between
r.th nnd tith. Stuart wus sick, and
"Old Dick," as the assistant was af
fectionately called for he was as fin
a man as ever lived was running
things aloue.
The boys, about 115 In nunibef, In
dulged in a concerted and excess!'
outburst of hilarity and devilment, and
Anderson vowed by the shades of wine
dozen or more Latin and Greek authors
that If they repeated it he would wal
lop the whole party. We did repeat
it, and Anderson, who had expected the
repetition, nnd armed himself with
bundle of switches cut from the trees
in the yard of the German Lutheran
Church on (ith street, proceeded to keep
his vow In fust and furious style.
The scholars ranged in age from 1 .
to li and 18 years, and not one es
caped. It was a circus while It lusted.
and the yowls and lnughter evoked by
the occasion might have lieen beard
squares off. When the last of the boy
had been dressed down Anderson was
so exhausted that we had to turn l
and fan him with Mitchell's atlases to
preveut him from fainting. Richmond
Another "rhiu.Piil" Jnke.
Everybody who has been behind the
scenes at Weber and Fields' km
that the game of checkers whiles away
the time harwnon anta fru- the nrintr
pal performers. Frlte Wllllim took
turn with Joe Weber the oth jr ew-
ing and lost hIt Ktralchr trnmen.
"I can't understand It," said William.
"I never played more carefully-mof
KfMAnti fifnll tt l t ,nd hMt
swept me oat of existence. It's J"1
your Jew luck that did It"
"Which nroro runnlit tVcbCf-
"that Jew luck is better than ChristM
science." New York Times.
Unnecessary Knowledge.
Annt Sarah in RnlnutorY Now. dear
yon would only watch me closely y
ITllfrht loam hnw niwint
Little Bessie Oh, I'm going to
uuimea wnen I grow upl rucn.
A boy Ms asked: "What is B Her
He gave this answer: "A lie l
abomination unto the Lord, aud an ev
present help In time of need.
How often "coolness" develops
tween friends.

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