A STUDY IN SCARLET.
BY A. CONAN DOYLE.
CHAPTER I Continue.!.
Sherlock Holmes seemed delighted
t the i lea of sharing rooms with me.
"I have my eye on a suite in Jlaker
etreec," he said, "which would suit us
down to the ground. You dov.'t mind
the emil of strong t' haeco, I hope?"
"I always euioke 'ship's' myself," I
"Hi.it's good enui-h. I generally
have chemicals alout. ami occasionally
do experiments. Would that annoy
"Py no means."
"Let me see what sre irv other
shortcomings I get in the dumps at
times, aiul don't open my mouth for
days on ni. You must not think I
am sulky w hen I d that. Just let me
aloi:e and I'll soon be all right. What
have yi.u to conies now ? It's just as
veli for two ivltows to know the worst
O! each i ti.er before they begin to ijve
I Ucghed at this cross examination.
'I kt-i ji a bullpup," I said, "ami ob
Jtt to ruv.s. because my nerves are
pi'.sen. and I s.-e: up at all sorts of tin
p.id.'y h. and I am extieme'y lazy.
C have :ui"t! er set i f vices when I s.m
eU. but thc-.-e are the principal ones
" J 'o you inclcde violin plavine in
your category of rows'.'" he arked, aux-iou-'y.
"It depends on the player," I
answered. "A well played violin is a
treat f r the gods; a badlv plaved
"Oh, that's al! right," he cried with
a merry laimli. "I thins we may con
sider the thing as settled that is, if
the rooms are agreeable to you."
"When shall we see them?"
"Call for me here at noon, ton orrow,
nd we'll go together and settle every
thing," he answered.
"All right noon exactly," said I,
shaking his hand.
We left him working among hi
chemicals, and we walked together to
ward mv hotel.
"By the wav," I asked suddenly,
'how the deuce did he know that I had
come from Afghanistan?"
My companion smiled an enigmatical
"That's just his little peculiarity,"
fie said. "A g'Xid many people have
wanted to know how he tiuds things
"Oh. a mystery, is it?" I cried, rub
bins; my hands. "This is very piquant.
I am much obliged to yon for aringing
tis t'other. 'The proper study of
mankind is man." yu know."
"lou must studv him then," Stam
ford said, as lie hid me good-by.
"You'll find him a knotty problem,
though. I'll w.-iaer he k-arns more
about vou than vou about him. Good
by." "Good-hy," Ianwsered: and strolled
on to my hotel, considerably interested
in my new acquaintance.
"We met next day. as he had arrang
fl, and Inspected his rooms at No.
221B Baker street, of which he had
epoken at our meeting.
They consisted of a couple of com
fortable bedrooms and a single, large,
elry sitting room, cheerfully furnished,
and Illuminated by two broad win
dows. So desirable in every way were the
apartments, and so moderate did tnc
terms seem when divided between us
that the bargain was concluded upon
the spot, and we at once entered into
That very evening I moved my
thinns round from the hotel, and on
the following morning Sherlork Holm
es followed me w ith several boxes and
For a day or two we were busily
employed in unpacklne and laying out
our property to the best advantage.
That done, we gradually began to set
tle down and to accommodate our
selves to our new surroundings.
Holmes was certainly not a difficult
man to live with. He was quiet In his
ways, and his habits were regular.
It wis rare for him to be up after
ten at ninht. and he had invariably
breakfasted and gone out before I rose
In the morning.
Sometimes he spent his day at the
themk-al laboratory, sometimes in the
disserting rooms, and occasionally
In long walks, which appeared to take
bim Into the lowest portions of the
city. Nothing could exceed his energy
when the working fit was upon him:
but now and again a reaction would
seize him, and for days on end he
would lie upon the sofa in the sitting
room, hardly tittering a word or mov
ing a muscle from morning to ni'ht.
On these occasions I have noticed
such a dreamy, vacant expression In
bis eye3. that I might have suspected
blm of being addicted to the use of
som narcotic, had not the temperance
and cleanliness of his whole life for
bidden such a notion. ,
As the weeks went by, my Interest
tn him and my curiosity as to his aims
In life gradually deepened and Incieas
Hia' very person and appearance were
euch as to strike the attention of the
most casual observer. In height ne
was rather over six feet, and so exces
sively lean that he seemed to be con
His eyes were sharp and piercing.
ave during- those Intervals of torpor
to which I have alluded; and his thin,
hawk-Uke nose gave his whole expres
sion an air of alertness and decision.
His chin, too, had the prominence
and squareness which mark the man
His hands were Invariably blotted
with Ink and stained with chemicals,
yet he was possessed of extraordinary
delicacy of touch, as I frequently had
occasion to observe when I watched
him manipulating his fragil philoso
The reader may set me, down as a
hopeless busybody, when I confers
how much this man stimulated my cu
riosity, and how often I endeavored U
break through the retirence which he
showed in all that concerned himself.
Before pronouncing Judgment, how
ever, be It remembered how objectless
was my life and how little there was
to engage my attention.
My health forbid me from venturing
out unless the weather was exception
ally cental, and I had no friends who
w-ould call upon me and break the mo
notony of my daily existence.
t'nder these circumstances. I eagerly
hailed the little mystery which hung
around my companion, and spent much
nf my time In endeavoring to unravel
He was not studying medicine. Hp
had himself. In reply to a question,
co-ifi-med Stamford's opinion uron
Neither did he arear to have pur
?'ied P"y course of reading which
might fit him for a decree in science
or B-.y other recormlsed po-tal which
wnuH give him an entrance Into the
Yet his zeal for co-tain studies was
remarkable, and within eccentric lim
its his knowledge was so extraordinar
ily nniple and minute that his obser
vations hr.ve fairly astounded me.
Surely no man would work so h
to attain such precise information un
less he had some definite end in view.
Desultory readers are seldom remark
able for the exactness of their learn
ing. No man burdens his'mind with. small
matters unless he has some very good
reason for doing so.
His ignorance was as remarkab'
as his knowledge. Of contemporary
literature, philosophy and politics he
apnoared to know next to nothing.
Upon my quoting Thomas Carlyle,
he Inquired In the nalvest way who he
might be and what he had done. My
surprise reached a climax, however,
when I found Incidentally that he was
ignorant of the Copernlcan theory, and
of the composition of the solar sys
tem. That any civilized human being in
this nineteenth century should not be
aware that the earth traveled round
the sun appeared to me such an ex
traordinary fact that I could hardly
"You anpear to be astonished." hp
said, smiling at my expression of sur
prise. "Now that I do know it, I shail
do my best to forget It."
"To forget It!"
"You see." he explained. "I eonsldei
that a man's brain originally Is like a
little empty attic and you have to
stock it wl'h such furnitn-e as you
choose. A fool takes in all the lumber
of every sort that he comes across, so
that the knowledge which might lie
useful to him gets crowded out. or at
hpst Is jumbled up with a lot of
other things, so that he has a diffi
culty in laying his hands upon tt. Now.
the skillful workman Is very caref'.il
indeed as to what he takes Into his
brain attic. He will have nothing but
the tools which may help him in do
ing his work, but of these he has a
large assortment, and all in the most
nerfect order. It Is a mistake to think
that that little room has elastic walls
and can distend to any extent. De
pend upon it. there comes a time when
for every addition to knowledge you
forget something that you knew be
fore. It is of the highest Importance,
therefore, not to have useless facts el
bowing out the useful ones."
"But the solar system!" I protested.
"V.'hat the deuce is It to me?" he in
terrupted, impatiently: "you say that
we go round the sun. If we went
round the moon it would not make a
pennyworth of difference to me or tc
I was on the point cf asking him
what that work might be. but some
thing in his manner showed me that
the question would be an unwelcome
I pondered over our short conversa
tion, however, and endeavored to dr?w
my deductions from it. He said t!-,al
h" would acquire no knowledge which
''id not boar upon h's object. There
fore, all the knowledge which he pos
sesscd was such as would be useful
I enumerated In my own mind all
the various noints upon which he had
shown me that he was exceptionally
well Informed. I even took pencil
and Jotted them down.
I could not help smlllne at the docu
ment when I had completed It. It ran
in this wev:
SHERLOCK HOLMES His Limits.
1. Knowledge of literature Nil.
2. Knowledge of philosophy Nil.
3. Knowledge of Astronomy Nil.
4. Knowledge of Politics Feeble.
5. Knowledge of botany Variable.
Well up In bella donna, opium aod
poisons generally. Knows nothing of
6. Knowledge of geology Practical,
but limited. Tells at a glance different
soils from each other. After walks
has shown me splashes upon his trous
ers, and told me by their color a.iu
consistence in what part of London he
had received them.
7. Knowledge of chemistry Pro
found. 8. Knowledge of anatomy Accu
rate, but unsystematic.
9. Knowledge of sensational litera
ture Immense. He appears to know
every detail of horror perpetrated in
10. Plays the violin well.
11. Is an expert single stick player,
boxer and swordsman.
12. Has a good practical knowledge
of British law.
When I had got so far In my Hit I
threw it into the fire In despair.
"If I cannot find what the fellow Is
driving at by reconciling all these ac-comp!is'---nents
and discovering a call
ing which needs them all, I said to
myself, "I may as well give up the at-
I tempt at once."
! I Bee that I have alluded above to
his powers upon the Tlolin. These
j were very remarkable, but as eecen
; trie as all his other accomplishments.
I That he could plcy pieces, and diffl
I cult pieces, I knew well, because at my
: request he had played me some of
Mendelssohn's "Lieder," and other fa
vorites. I When left to himself, however, he
wouia seldom produce any music or
attempt any recognized air.
Leaning back in his armchair of an
evening he would close his eyes and
scrape carelessly at the fiddle, which
w-as thrown across his knee. Same
times the chords were sonorous and
melancholy. Occassionally they were
iamastlc and cheerful.
Clearly they reflected the thoughts
j which possessed him. but whether the
"music aided these thoughts, or whether
the playing was simply the result of a
whim or fancy, was more than I could
I I might have rebelled against these
exasperating solos had tt not been
that he usually terminated them by
playing In quick succession a whole se
ries of my favorite airs as a slight
compensation for the trial upon my
During the first wees: or so we had
; no callers, and I had begun to think
I that my companion was as friendless
a man as myself.
! Presently, however. T found that he
had many acquaintances, and those in
the most different classes of society.
There was one little sallow, rat-faced.
: dark-eyed fellow who was introduced
i to me as Mr. Lestrade, and who came
three or four times in a single week.
' One morning a young girl called,
fashionably dressed, and stayed for
' half an hour or more. The same aftei
noon brought a gray-headed, seedy
i visitor, looking like a Jew peddler, and
who appeared to be much excited, and
w-ho was closely followed by a slip
shod elderly woman.
On another occasion an old white
haired gentleman had an interview
with my companion; and on another a
railway porter in his velveteen uni
form. When any of these nondescript
.. . , . .
I uiuiwiiuuib jjui iii an appearance oner-
lock Holmes used to beg for the use of
the sitting room, and I would retire to
my bedroom. He always apologized to
me for putting me to this inconven
ience. "I have to use this room as a place
of business," he said, "and these peo
ple are my clients."
Again I had an opportunity of ask
ing him a point blank question, and
again my delicacy prevented me from
forcing another man to confide in me.
I Imagined at the time that he had
some strong reason for not alluding to
It, but he soon dispelled the Idea by
coming round to the subject of his own
It was upon the 4th of March, as I
have good reason to remember, that I
rose somewhat earlier than usual, and
found that Sherlock Holmes had not
yet finished his breakfast.
The landlady had become so accus
tomed to my late habits that my place
had not been laid nor my coffee pre
pared. With the unreasonable petulance of
mankind I rang the bell and gave a
curt intimation that I was ready.
Then I picked up a magazine from
the table and attempted to while away
the time with it. while my companion
munched silently at his toast.
One of the articles had a pencil mark
at the heading, and I naturally began
to run my eye through It.
Its somewhat ambitious title was
"The Book of Life." and it attempted
i to show how much an observant man
! might learn by an accurate systematic
I exuimuauuu ui an mat came in ms
It struck me as being a remarkable
mixture of shrewdness and of absurd
ity. The reasoning was close and in
tense, but the deductions appeared to
me to be far-fetched and exaggerated.
The writer claimed by a momentary
expression, a twitch of muscle, or a
glance of the eye, to fathom a man's
j inmost thoughts.
j Deceit, according to him. was an im
possibility in the case of one trained
i to observation and anilvsis. His con-
1 elusions were as Infallible as so many
; propositions of Euclid.
j So stertline would his results ap-
j ne?.r to the uninitiated that, until they
learned the process by which he hail
arrived at them, they might consider
:him as a necromancer.
m MrrA '
v - I II I
i',li 1ft. T 1, i ,
Old Hen (seeing her brood go in water for first timet Well, that's queer.
I am sure we never did auytiiiug like that when I was youug.-Chicago
WINDMILL IN A TREE.
Hn ! l:i ii-lini; of Nature nml Me-
, cliunicul Construction. !
A wlr.diiiill is apt to be a very prosaic I
and u'iy ouismu t;. n. but many at- i
tempts have been made wi:U varying
sun-ess to beautify these very useful
ai.d e iiu .niical power producers, our j
euj.'raviii,; illus:rates lnov nature end,
niechalili's are sometimes bli nded. The j
trees serve only ns n support for the I
platform nt the top. aud as side rails j
' of a ladder, it beiiii uecessary only to ;
; provide rounds. The trees serve also j
i to stay the iron supports. The wind
: mill, which was built by J. G. Iietister,
i of Muliuc. 111., Is of peculiar constnie-
P.ut it would be ns grove a mistake to
refuse to recognize the deep natural
laws that are concealed under this con
vergence. Is the case different as re
gards our actions, thou-'h they ti;e in
t'min lY more plastic and more complex
individually? 1 iio not believe it.
' CURED BY PE-RU-U
A CANALBOAT VILLAGE.
WINDMILL IX A IHCi;.
(To be Continued.)
The Mirrying Ajt.
' The marrying age, according to sta.
. tistics, is steadily advancing. This
accounts, perhaps, for another fact,
that women are beginning to look
younger and more girlish in the shady
twenties and the early thirties than
j they used to do. Twenty-five yeais
; a:-'o a woman of 32 who was unmarried
would have been regarded as a hopeless
ild maid. Now she is quite a girl at
that age and her marriage is still
thought of. If we continue to grow
old in this leisurely fashion the very
name "old maid" will disappear from
our vocabulary, if indeed it has not
done so aiieady.
Pint Women to Win Scholirthlp.
Miss Helen E. Wallace, a brilliant
student at the Melbourne, Australia,
university, has been awarded the
Shakespeare scholarship of 150 pounds.
This is the most important scholar
ship in the gift of the university, and
it has never before been won by a
In Memory of Dr.' Johnson.
Dr. Johnson's long" association with
the Strand, London, is to .be com
memorated by placing a beautiful
stained glass window in St. Clement's
Beth was delighted with her annt's
new changeable spring gown. "Oh,
mama!" she exclaimed, excitedly,
"the colors of Aunt Mary's new silk
dress are all extemporaneous!" Judge.
A WUe GirL
Alice How long should a girl know
a man before becoming engaged to him?
Grace Oh, long enough lor him to
tlon, there being no gear wheels nor
crank, the power being transmitted by
' an involute wheel which is a part of the
I steel wheel to which the fans are at
I taehetl. The surface uf the Involute Is
perfectly smooth, as is also that of the
wheel uttiiehed to the pitman carrier,
the uue rolling upon the other. The
mast is TSf tubing, the pitman being
carried down inside. The wires for .
throwing the mill out of gear are at- j
inched to a thimble on the outside of j
the mast. From this it will be seen
that the trees are not needed for actual
A number of these mills have been t
attached to trees and have been giving j
excellent results. It is also possible
to carry the mills nroutul on a wagon
and set them to work at any part of a
field. Scientific American.
Every lueh nf Hpnce la Utilized in
Their Tiny Cabin.
People who object to living In snug
quarters and think that love In n cot
tage Is altogether too contracted for
continual affection, should go and take
a look at the cabins in the eaiialboat
village in New York harbor. Those who
are preparing to live in trunks and
grtps during the summer could get tin.-1
lessons there of snug existence.
The whole cabin is not much larger
than an ordinary liedmum. but how
every morsel of space Is utilized! If
there Is a square inch of interior that
gets away without doing Its duty In the
great work of containing things It must
have a politician's talent for evasion.
The tidy little kitchen stove Is so
close to the wall that you wonder If
the latter was not made of asbestos to
guard against fire. The clock Is about
as small as our Ingenious Connecticut
friends have yet been able to make
contain twenty-four hours. The pantry-cuphoard-and-storerooui
sess the appearance of having been
packed and then put under hydruullc
The carpet pattern, says a writer In
Will Care-ton's magazine. Every Where
(for n canal-villager always Insists on
having her tloor neatly clad). Is ap
propriately minute. A tiny library
v hisi-ers Its titles from an unexpected
corner. Minute bedrooms for child or
adult appear to you now and then like
prone ghosts. Several pictures, nar
rowly but visibly framed, cover the
Hal. -P. Denton.
Mr. Hal. P. Denton, Chief W
ment Publicity and Promotion of Z
tional Export Expositionwritei.
Philadelphia, Dec. 20, 189
The Peruna Medicine Co., Columbm'o
Gentlemen: "Toward the Utts
part of August I found myself in 1TBT
much run-down condition". I
particularly ironi catarrh of the tton.
ach, aggravated no doubt by thereto
sibilities and worriinont i...u '! .
, the exploitation of a great internationil
exposition. What I ate distressed s,
and I would lie awake at night 'thre4
iog i.ver, ii i may use tlmt exures'ioi
the affairs of the previous day;
"My family physician said I kij
nervous prostration and recommenW
a sea voyage. I gradually grewworse
A kind friend whom I had knows ii
Ohio recommended Peruna. Thou
skeptical, I finally yielded to his 14.
vice. After using one bottle I
much improved and with the fifo
bottle came complete recovery. In
in perfect health today and owe everj.
tiling 10 rcrunu.
Very truly yours,
HAL. H. DENTON.
If you do not derive nrnnmt nml m.
isfactory results from the use of tm
na, write at once to Dr. Hartman, it
iug a full statement of vour
lie will be pleased to give you hia Tt!
able advice free.
Address Dr. Hartman, President i
The Hartman Sanitarium, Columbu
PRIMITIVE INDIANA CHURCH.
Still Ueed an Hnnxe of Wnmhip by De
Rccndunt of llnilders.
The old Goshen church building. In
Rooue Township. Harrison Countv.' In
diana, has recently undergone repairs
This church was built by the Baptists
In 1X13. It is about thirty feet square,
and is a log structure, chinked ami
daubed, with a board celling. There
were formerly heavv hewn l.u.,..'.
across one cud of the auditorium, some
six feet above the lloor. on which the
SOCIAL INSTINCTS OF ANTS.
Sliow Strong Sense of Devotion toCom
mon Weul True to Duty.
In order not to leave my readers un
der the impression of crime among
ants. 1 shall give an account of a trait
of devt tion to the common we.-.l. writes
August lore! in the Intoninlioiml
Monthly. A swarm of Koriaica pratcii
sii w as closely pressed in Its nest by an
army of the same species, aud crowds
of alarmed d"feudeis issued from the
entrances to the nest and tlew to take
part in the tight. Like Satan, the
tempter of old, 1 placed near thni a
beuuUful drop of houey ou a piece of
At any other time the honey would
have been covered in a few instants
with nuts gorging themselves, but this
time numerous working urns cauie
upon it, tasted it for scarcely a second,
and returned to It restlessly three or
four times. Conscientiousness, the feel
ing of duty, Invariably prevailed over
gorniandism. and they left the honey
to go and be killed while defending the
community. I am bound to own. how
ever, that there are ants less social, in
which gormandism does prevail.
Comapred -to 'the manners of other
sociable animals, and. especially to
those of man, the manners of ants ex
hibit a profound and fundamental ng
gregatlon of facts of convergence, due
to their social life. Let me mention
devotion, the uistimctive sentiment of
duty, slavery, torture var, alliances,
the raising of cattle, gardening, bar-,
vesting, and even social degeneren
cence through the attraction of certain
harmful means of enjoyment It would
be ridiculous and erroneous to see In
the fulfilment of this serios of acts. In
dividual reasoning, the result of calcu
lated reflection, analogous to ours. The
fact that each is fixed and circum
scribed within one species, as well as
the fatailatlc .character. It has -in that
species, prove this superabundantly.
01.U OOSUi N till KCIl Ul II.lil.Nii
jvv tuu ilium ib is iHwfiuie vj ior
two girls at the same time?"
"Not if they know it." Melboorai
We ore not to lilunio tuwaiiaa vm Wa
rheumatism ; but you are if you da lot
try uunilin s w izarU Oil.
A Story of the Priirit
The Century magazine ii about to
print a serial .which will have an wpt
cial interest to people who are at home
n the prairies. It is called "Tfe
Hiograpiiy of a Prairie Girl," and the
author is Eleanor Gates, a youn
woman who spent her childhood it
Dakota and who thus writes from th
closest personal observation.
The time of Miss Gates' story b
about 25 years ago; it is put in tin
form of a personal narrative of the
life of a little girl, and there ii hsrdi'
a pnase or event 01 prairie lire wni&
is not touched upon in these patf
the ulizzard, breaking colts, bor
stealing by Indians, school days on lb
frontier, fighting gophers and badgers,
cattle raising and other typical ph
of hardship or prosperity.
It is not a novel, but the same due
actera appear and reappear in the lt7
with a reality which inipreasei the
reader with confidence in the truth i
"The biography of a Prairie GWj
will begin in the August number olw I
Century and it will be illustrated.
choir was located. The roof was orig
imillyof clap-boards, fastened i)V ,vo.
en puis, ami with weight-p.l'eS tied
down ,0 hold the roof ue secure.
The door formerly swung m Woi)(,
binges, and was kept closed bv a wood
en pin. The building has been recently
reroofed with shingles, and It now bfl9
a door with a modern lock. Church
services are still held occasionally m
tue building. J
Ragson Tatters-dee! Wouldn't yer
like ter be sittlu' In one o' dem swell
restaurants, eatiu some strawberry
Hungry HlBgins-T orui.rp(,
Oat d.s morula', but I changed me mind
lhigson Tatters-Come off
nu said if I wasnf satisfied wid coid
neat au bread she'd sic de dog on me -Philadelphia
Dlggs-I tell you, sir. It's n .rr..
thing to be a poor man ? gWat
ni""" d you aeure 't t?
Dlggs-U hy, my Inability to buv nn
One has to be married and have chil
dren In order to appreciate to the fu
A Yon see that lady over tbe'
She is Mrs. A. I fell in love with he I
at first aitfht. What do vou think tl
a I think it would have been bet I
had you taken a second look. Ei.
FT Prmntntif Cum So fits or w""!
I I aiu-r linn .i.if I" M"" 'VliS I
lUbbirer. neuuii.r r iitr.sa.miii .yrt k-it I
iM. Uii.H.11 KiiNfcLia..wiAttUsu.l,iul,"
Pesijuj flu Hn Opportunity.
"His poetry," the public complM
"smells of the lamp." ..
At this Pegasus reverted to
equine side aud indulged in a
"I suppose it's the odor of thatf
line vehicle he tied up to afterlb
o.i .t. ..l.;..,,;,! the
iu luion uiui, iiiioi -
atooil A i,ntv..-.kil Mmoizine. I
" I have used Aver's HirV
for thirty years. It is legnt ''
a hair dressing and for keeping
hair from splitting at the ends. '
J. A. Gruenenfelder, Grantfort,!"-
friendships. If the hair
splitting is done on yo"r
own head, it loses friends
for you, for every hairoi
your head is a friend.
Ayer's Hair Vigor tt
advance will prevent tne
splitting. If the split"
has begun, it will stop"'
SMS a UI. All "
If your druKeit cannot nSfjU0
end u one dollar ud " ,llnia'
you ft bottle. He sure n1 il)
01 your nearest exiirem uj
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