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rubli.hrU i:erj Ai -.-U. ENTERPRISE OREGON. A woman does not teg:n to com mand until sue has promised to obey. I guess mine will be a real patiama. ; Tt is to oust about $-!'.. -t-'.iHNA Uncle i tain. Measure a man by Lis every-d:iy con- ! duet rather than by his extraordinary exertions. Hands tip. lli'v many of you know what tuey are lighting about down in Venezuela? Men are cuiirtiiually g"iug up against j seheui.-s that look like more money and le?s work. The man who isn't being fooled by j anybody else generally puts in a good ! ueal of time deceiving himself. The new King of Saxony Is TO years old. There seems to be one place left where the boys aren't getting all the good jobs. Ptoui the eagerness with which Iloers and liritisu are falling on each other's necks, it is evident that each is grateful fur the heip given to let the uthcr go. Iioekefeller's recent investment of a large sum of money in a bicycle fac tory may I taken as au indication that he begs leave to differ and is will ing to back it up. An exchange says that a person's chauces of be.ug struck by lightning are very slender. The use of the prep osition "after" in place of "of" Is sug gested as an improvement in that state ment. An eastern physician says that mem bers of his profession can be bribed and that "they will do a lot for money." Here Is a man who knows he has his price and dues not wish to In? sellish about it. The Sultan says Turkey ha books enough, for which reason he will not permit the publication of any more In that country. It will now be neces sary for the Turkish poets to become captains of iuuustry. Emperor William says that when a German can look into the eyes of the empress he ought to have inspiration enough to las,, him a lifetime. How nice it must be for her if the emperor talks like that when company is not present. Whenever the courts of this country shall administer Justice with the same promptness, certainty, fearlessness and with as little regard for persons as Is the case In the courts of England, after which ours were patterned, lynching will cease In the Uuitel States, but until then it will be a standing re proach to the peuple and their machin ery of justice. A Wilmington. Del., belle !s "the most talked-about woman of that city," because she roue astride at the horse show. Woman indeed remains in bar baric bondage so long as she cauuot do a sensible thing without being render ed conspicuous. Health, safety and good form a,ll demand the abolishment of the awkward and antiquated side saddle. If ri ling is to increase with the release of the horse from carriage service, women everywhere ought to revolt against the barbaric prejudice which deprives them of the best en joyment and best benefits of this no blest of exercises. It is not shade alone that makes It cooler under a tree in summer. The coolness of the tree itself helps, for its temperature is about 4o degrees l ah reuheit. at all times, as that of the hu man body Is a fractinu more than !n degrees. So a clump of trees cools the uir as u piece of ice cools the water in a pitcher. That is why the Legisla ture has authorized the park authori ties of New York City to plant trees In the tenement districts. If the air can be made cooler and purer by the trees fewer children will die of heat ailments. As 4.ihkj more children die in New Y'ork during June. July, August and September than In any other sim ilar period in the year, the Importance of adopting every known means to suve life is undisputed. Every town occasionally puts on a )lay for the education of the public which is not announced on the bill boards. A village in New York renders the following performance In which the Uaptist preacher and a jealous young man play leading roles: The play opens at the church picnic. The min ister, au unmarried man, is the vogue. Moreover, he is susceptible. Captured uml cornered by the church organist, he discourses all the day long of love's young dream. And now the villain ap pears. The organist's steady company shows up. He behaves rudely an. I his wrath Is as the wrath of Achilles. The next act Is brief but tragic, lit is on the following Sunday. The Jealous lover lays for the preacher and wallops the ecclesiastic sorely. Then comes the curtain raiser In the police court with the villain in the dock. The populace; rent into opposing factions according to creed, till and overllow the right and left wings of the stage. Here the tele graph Instrument stopped. Hut it in easy to guess the sequel. Questioned by the Judge, the prisoner glares nt the minister and the organist and lowering bis voice to the floor, huskily exclaims: "Not guilty:" Pursued by the inex- orab'.e law lie goes to the calaboose j rather than jay his line while the tuiu l i:er and the orj.iu:t iutrry and live ! happily ever after. Tlie only Uetault ' of the entire eii'ertalnnieut is to be j fouu.l in the failure of the preacher to i tiail the Jealous young oU HeliaJ who attacked him. Sir Wilfrid Iuturier Just prior to his recent departure to Europe spoke of the Alaskan boundary question as a se rious danger to British and American relations and a "menace of o'eu con flict." It need not tiecouie a menace, however, unless the Ilritish government seeks to make it such. It is Great Brit ain, not the United States, which in this instance is seeking to alter boundary lines. Briefly stated, the British con tention is that tlit- boundary of south eastern Alaska, instead of following a line ten marine leagues Ithirty-foiir aud otie-half statute miles, from the coast line proper, leaps from headland to headland at a distance of ten leagues from the outlining capes aud promon tories. Such a line would bring the British lKjuudary niuch nearer the Pa cific and would give Great Britain con trol of important estuaries and fiords leading to the sea. This claim, which was never advanced until Is not supported either by the original trea ties, by the maps and charts of cartog raphers or by any argument recogniza ble to reason. The United States pos sessions In this territory nre precisely what the Russian possessions were prior to their purchase aud the mean ing of the original treaty negotiated between Ilussla and Great Britain in IV-'o is unmistakable. It must be pat ent to the State Department that there can be no yielding of American rights on this point. The boundary question, it is said. Is about to be brought up again for tiual negotiations. Whatever may be required to secure a common survey of the boundary and a friendly demarcation of the line with scientific accuracy should be done; but from the essential point nt issue mere can lie no recession. The evidence In support of the American claim is overwhelming. The great value of salt ns an anti septic and the fact that nature appears to have made It an essential ingredient in the food of nearly all animals have made the medical profession very hos pitable toward new theories or discov eries regarding Its therapeutic quali ties. The doctors in fact are never un prepared for the announcement of some extraordinary cure effected by the use of this widely distributed com pound. That pneumonia can be cured by pumping an i per cent sodium chloride solution at temperatures rang ing from llij to 13t degrees Fahrenheit into the lungs, however, naturally tax es the credulity of most physicians. This achievement was announced by Dr. W. Byron Coakley, of Chicago, lit a paper read by hliu before the Amer ican Medical Association at the recent convention at Saratoga. That such a saline solution would be death to all bacteria and would also have an anti septic effect upon diseased tissue will be readily conceded. It Is a question of getting the solution into the limps In such a way that the patient could stand the treatment. Dr. Coakley claims to have solved this problem by the use of an Instrument invented by himself, which Introduces the solution into the lungs through punctures made by a fine gold needle. After the salt solution destroys the bacteria and cools to the temperature of the body it is claimed that it is absorbed in the blood and does not clog up the lungs. In doing this It protects the red corpuscles against destruction by the poisons of pneumonia. Physicians are naturally skeptical regarding the effectiveness of this treatment, for the reason that in the attempts that have been made to wash out the lungs with salt solutions the patients have been unable to stand it. The demonstrations before the as sociation at Saratoga, however, nre claimed to have shown the Coakley method to be a success. If future tests should more firmly establish the effect iveness and practicability of his treat ment Dr. Coakley will have scored a great advance in medical science and will have conferred a great boon upon humanity. HOW THE SWORD-SWALLOWER SWALLOWS HIS SWORD. The sword swallower really does swallow his sword, which tests inside ...in as showt- in the cut. Long prac tice enables him to do his feat in safe ty. Sometimes a rubber tip is slipped on the sword's point before swallow ing. Accompanying cut Is from the Scientific American, and shows the po s.tiou of a swallowed sword. New Brand. "Say," called the hardware drummer to the proprietor of the railway restau rant, "there Is something wrong with this sandwich." "Oh. I guess yes." snld the traveler. "Why, the blamed thing Is so soft I can actunlly bite a piece out of it without breaking my teeth." No man ever reulizes how much trash ho owns uutil lie moves. j n - FORTUNES OF THIS DECADE. By Caaunccr H. Dpe. Nothing ni o r e murks this decade from others thai: the sudden accuniu-1 lation of fabulous fortunes. When I graduated from Yale there were only two multi millionaires in Un united States. John Jacob Astor ami Commodore Ynn- srxATon rrrrw. derbilt. Neither of tliem at that perinti had reached the $HUUHH limit. There were not in the whole country twenty people worth a million dollars. To-day there are more thau oue hundreirin Pitts burs alone who have passed that figure. These vast fortunes, themselves so con spicuous, so almost incomprehensible, lire at present more matters of curiosity thau of antagonism. Most of the possessors of them have shown a wise generosity in the distribution of their wealth. In to other country in the world, at no other period, have the rich from their abun dance given so lavishly to education, phi lanthropy and patriotism. Last year the known sums which were thus contributed 1 amounted to the high figure of SluT.liCO.. tHl. The sudden acquisition of almost in calculable riches by so many in the hist rive years has produced many singular results. The most ghastly misfortune which can happen to a man who lias been successfully prosecuting and increasing his business until he has passed mid-lie life is to be compelled to sell out and re tire. He may receive a sum far beyond any value he ever placed upon his plant and gisid will. Nevertheless, the sale is generally accompanied by au obligation not to resume and compete. Little cut side the factory or otliee interests him because the cells of his brain have be come, some of them, abnormally active, nud others paralyzed through disuse. He can think of nothing and he cares for nothing hut the shop nud its results. Hooks, literature, lectures, travel, politics, society, ami play bore the life out of him. I know half a hundred such men who have come to this condition within the last few years. WOMAN'S DUTY TO SOCIETY. By Hrs. Donaldh'Lean. ' The first duty of a woman to J society is to make herself ugree II I able to those whom she does l.ut ; Jr I consider to be in society. j n is easy euouga to tie agree-' able to one's friends. The test I of breeding, of course, conies in j one s attitude to one's inferiors and one's : ( enemies two classes which a woman, in j ; considering her duty to society, is rery i likely in her own mind to exile from so-' ciety. On the contrary, they are very im-1 portant members of it. She ought to know this because they occupy su many ! : of her thoughts. 1 j An attempt to be agreeable usually ; takes a very obvious form that of Hat- j : tery. Flattery is exceedingly bad form, i Flattery is the spurious coin, the gold j ! coin is simple graciousness. A cardinal j ' .principle of being agreeable is to be gra- ' cioiis. Graciousness includes a negative j talent the talent of snubbing nobody. j The bane of social intercourse is Miiih- j . bing. Snubbing is adopted presumably ; to emphasize one's superiority to the j.er- j sun snubbed. On its face it defeats its j WAS A ROSY-CHEEKED GIRL ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. This Is a picture of Mrs. David B. Stamp, of Fiiiehville, Orange County, N. Y. She is u little, old. almost for gotten woman, living in a little, old, almost forgotten town. You would scarcely believe to see her that she was an old woman ns long ago us the outbreak of tli Civil War; you would scarcely believe that one hundred years ago she was a plump, red-cheeked girl playing on the shores of the blue Hudson, and the prettiest girl, at that, for many mile In nil directions. But that Is exactly what she did do and what she was, nnd now as she sits among the gathering shadows of life's twilight, waiting for the night to fall, she can look backward across the cen tury and say that the world with all Its teeming millions has been born ttgain since that far distant time when she wns a little girl nt play. Mrs. Stamp was born on the shores of the Hudson oue hundred aud eight years ago. She spent her girlhood there and saw the trial trip of Hubert Hilton's first steamboat. She remem bers when the country rang with the praises of General Washington. Site remembers the day he died. She re iveinbers the Marquis de Lafayette. Andrew Jackson, the war of lSlU, ami recalls most of tl:-? principal events that have taken place In her lifetime. Mrs. Stump spends most of her time nt her spinning wheel, which, like her self, belongs to an almost forgotten time. Every garment that she wears, ns well as nearly every piece of fabric in her bumble home. Is homespun goods, the work .of l.er own hands. The I'rinco uml the Painter. When King Edward was still Prince of Wales, he sat to-Julian Story for his portrait. The Prince could give the painter but a short time, so Mr. Story worked at high pressure. A little inci MKS. DAVID B. STAMP. j ' SI BY i.r - ! own end. For the woman who vUh.-s to be agreeable to society naturally wishes to make miciety believe in her. But when she snubs any one whom she considers licneath her she is giving sin pie proof that either she or her an -i-stors have not been used to the trade of s-n icty in which she finds herself: and that file is, therefore. Uot what she would have others believe. The woman who has a right to the so cial position she occupies, nnd whose fam ily for generations has been in the same position, will find it necessary to snub no one neither those whom she meets socially and whom she does not consider her social equals, nor those in other walks of life with whom she is brought into casual contact. Graciousness to her friends and to her servants, to her acquaintances and to her sewing woman, to her children and to every one kins a favor of her. to those who are geutlewomen and to those who are uot that is the first rule of conduct for one who fulfills her duty to society by being agreeable. The duty of making one's self agree able to society means simply a woman's duty to let her best impulses rule her all the time. So this becomes u rule for gen eral conduct as well as fur social inter course. HOW TO CLRB TRUSTS. Ay James J. HIV. llie commercial expansion of a na tion is the best in dex of its growth. Next to the Chris tian religion uml the common schools no other single work enters into the welfare ami happiness of the J, 11 ILL. people of the whole country tu the same extent ns the railway. Great Britain has retained possession of the oriental trade for the reason that she furnishes the lowest rates of transportation to and from those countries. We nre now pre paring to challenge her for such share of this busimss as can be furnished by the manufacturers of the United States. Iu a country as large as ours, currying on enormous undertakings, large amounts of capital ore necessary, and this capital can be more readily furnished by corpo rate ownership than iu any other way. The only serious objection to so-called trusts has been the method of creating them for the purpose of selling sheaves of printed securities which represent nothing more than good will am) pros pective profits to the promoters. If it is the desire of the government to prevent the growth of such corporations, it has always seemed to me that a sim ple remedy was witnin its reaca. I inier the constitutional provision allowing Congress to regulate commerce between States all compnnies desiring to transact business outside of the State in which LOADING WHEAT i Behold the electric stevedore! It sufTereth not from not even at the lunch hour, and ye, i, loads whet Hon ."V"'1 il ,init,",h beyond the possibilities of human hands Just eh 7 if T1 ,n " Stle far of grain come aboard bv a sort of trolley and rJ , i lf P1""- The sacks rate of one every two seconds. It is. in fact the het "ael "" hld at the as applied for power purposes. The wcture U . trough. V '"""""T' of 'lnriolty ment of Agriculture. the iear Bok of the Depart. dent given on the authority of the Lou don Chronicle exhibits the manly sym pathy of the preseut sovereign of En gland. While the Prince walked back and forth nt Intervals to rest the painter worked nt the background, never put ting down his palette. The result was that his thumb went to sleep. Toward the tnd of the sitting the painter was pulling his thumb to get the blood Into circulation, when his royal sitter saw and sympathized. The next day. when the Prince came for a second sitting, he said: "I didn't sleep very well last night, nnd I thought of you. 1 was worrying about your palette. Couldn't you have the thuuib-hole padded':" Fruitless Caution. One of the pleasant incidents con nected with the celebration of Edward Everett Hale's eightieth birthday was the reprinting of "The Man Wbiiont a Country." which helped to make him famous. Dr. Hnle wrote a nreface foi the book, nnd told not only how he came to write It. but of the wnv in which one well-laid plan came to uiiuubt. When the story was published in the Atlautlc Monthly the utmost secrecy they are incorporated should be held to a uniform provision of federal lawn. I hey should satisfy a commission that 'heir capital stock was actually paid up in cash or in property, at a fair valuation, just as Uiw capital of the national hank is certified to be paid np. With that torn pie law the temptation to make companies for the purpose of selling prospective profits would be at all end. At the same time no legitimate business would suffer. AMERICAN FARMERS FOR HAWAII. By kobt. M Wilcox, of Hawaii. I am deeply interested in the bill providing for tne umsiou li of government hinds into home- I steads for the farmers aud mid- ' I 1 - - 1 ,..,-lOlt ille Classes, oeciiut- hi we only have in Hawaii the verv rich and the very poor the poor being the laborers or coolies. Out of the population of ltKI.OHO. near ly ".HUM! are Asiatic, (iO.bim being Jap anese and 8i,mJ Chinese. There are also several thousand Porto Kicans, but they are undesirable, as they would rather lie in i.-iil nil of flip time than no to work. The land area of Hawaii is i.ouo,oii acres. Of this area H,mhj.(NHI ncr. are in the hands of seventy men engaged in sugar raising aud cattle ranging. The other L.tNHi.iKHi acres, which constitute the government lands, are rented end leased to the sugar corporations, the leases ranging from five to sixteeu years. These government lauds 1 want divided up into homesteads to encourage Ameri can fanners to go to Hawaii. Instead of dividing the government lands into home steads of lim acres, as in the United States, the best lauds could be divided into twenty-acre homesteads and the pas toral lands into eighty-acre homesteads, either uf which would give the American farmer a tine homestead to support his family all the year round. To give an idea of how fertile the best laud is. the sugar corporations produce an average of ten tons of sugar to the acre. The rice planters produce two crops a year, aggregating between o.olHI nnd (j.OiHl pounds to the acre. The same land planted with tarn, a plnnt akin to elephant's cars, which is the staple food of the natives, will produce somewhere between 4,0ixl and ,rM).HMI pounds per acre, nnd it sells at one cent a pound. MILITARISM VS. COMMERCIALISM. ' By W. Bourkc Cochran. This nation hns been n world i power a world power of sur IS I passing value to the civilization Ifi I of the world. It hns assumed Ult' primal oi ei iiitiiiou in chu.sk from the very hour of its birth it has been devoted in- swerving!- to justice. 1 believe that this country is commercial, that this is a com mercial age, that commercialism is pre dominant; but far from regretting, I glory in it. The object of every war that wns ever waged, nt least in the old world, was plunder that is to sny, profit. Vanquish ed countries nre despoiled more scientifi cally, but more successfully, by tribute. Militarism is the pursuit of profit by plun der; commercialism is the pursuit of profit by industry. No fortune, however great, but was produced by peaceful pur suits. America has given a shining les son to all the world for the benefit of all nges. It has taught that the pathway to advantage is through honesty and jus tice aud uot through violence and plun der. BY ELECTRICITY. pressUSTh "' Ca:r'"IB 11 tl,ro"h he lress. I he proofs were not sent to the author; they were given to .the"?, 0'r Mr. Helds. who forwarded them to -Mr. Hale. It WM dwlrnble that the ory should stand in the nauie S CU J tain Irederlc Ingim,,,, of the nnvv who purported to tell ,t. Unfortun It happened to be punished In December number, which t. huk number of t,le person who made the l,,, , ''e Mr. Hale's uL tZ bad been the u,lmr of ,,le HVrv" U.J authorship. lula tlle Lonu-Kelt Vnt. Green-Congratulate me. old My fortune is i i man! Brown-Come. U with the exph.na- 1 """-"- ought to protest In ,-i ous fashion against t . V ,. I,?(ir" f pouudluir m. Z JU1 f00 lHU "l'it t-so when I, geu n,;;;:;1 THOUGHT THE GUN BEWITCHED Old Scgrn Threw It Away and Not Touch It Auain A story Is told of Uncle Washing Harris, one of "Marse Clay' , nfore de war." who remained on a plantation after Le was free. He considered a jiower among the nen being somewhat of a loeul preset but be aald. "Pse jlst a exurtioa 'inongst de congregation. Once Tvhen Vucle "Wush" WS1 ortloulug. 'uiougst de congregatloa1" the Ku Klux came after talm, and u the old man hurriedly beat an K"t through a window one of the Kn Kim ?ot tV.e. tall of his Prince Albert coit that "Marse Clay" had given him lnj which the old darky was very proaj of. Prom that time I nde Wash" t' ways can-led au old loiig-harroltd ihot, gun. The neighbors were In the habit of meeting at night nt "Bob" Cluy'iMM. try store to tell jams Hnd talk absut the crops, l ucle "Wush" and levtm other old colored men were alwin present, sitting on nail kegs a resptct.. fill distance behind "de white folks to hear do .rnrns." On these oceagtau l ucle 'Wash" always left his gun jj the rear of the store. One night "Buck" Allen, who neT wns tired of playing Jokes on the old man. got his gun and, after ilrawbf the shot from It, loaded It with pow. dor nnd phosphorus wood ns wadding then another load of powder and mow phosphorus wood, repeating this till there were several loads of powder and wood In the gun, ramming down the Inst charge of powder with an a tra long piece of wood. "Buck" dropped a coal on It und went back to his seat. If phosphorous wood Is lighted the fire will eat very slowly through It an net ns n fuse. Uncle "Wash" took tip ins gun aim started nome, and was several hundred yards from the store when the spark reached the- first charge of powder nnd exploded It, which greatly perplexed the old man, but lie attributed It to an accident. When the second explosion occurred he fell on his knees and prayed, but when the third ciune he threw the pin from him Into the bushes and ran for dear life. As Uncle "Wash" burst hi the front door, to the consternatioii of his wife, nnd fell sprawling on the floor, hysterically praying, he beard the last charge explode. Uncle 'Wnsh" never went back for his gun, nnd could never be convinced "sporrets" were not In that "ole turkee cun," nnd that It was not bewltchei New York Tribune. Burled Anierlcun History. Even In a country so recently consc ious of the past ns our own, there are burled cities awaiting the pickax of the historian. Of these none Is perhaps more Interesting, certainly noue U more picturesque, more colonial and even to-dny more English than M Williamsburg In Virginia that "mid dle plantation," which In 11532 was "laid out and paled," to become a char tered city, the capital of n great colony under king and crown. Its three streets of the reign of Wil liam and Mary are Its only thorough fares and two "back" streets, hardly more than grtiBsgrown lanes of to-day. Duke of Gloucester street, broad and genially hospitable, stretches leisurely from the foundations of the ancient capltol building on the east (of whose wall not one brick Is left nor one white pillar of its porticoes), to the iron turn stile gates of William and Mary college grounds nt the western extremity of the town. On the right, as one enters the college pate, is a charming mansion, the resi dence of the president of William awl Mary, and upon the left, across the campus, stands the old Brnffertca building, the earliest school for the edu cation of Indians erected on American soil. Iu the time of Gov. Spotswoud. says Country Life In America, it ' necessary to resort to strenuous efforts to Insure attendance, for the students were mainly hostages, the sons of chiefs of neutral or friendly tribes (lur ing Indian warfare. Gray Hair. That there exists a connection be tween gray hair nnd certain states of the nervous system there can he no doubt. Abnormal grnyuess is an In fallible ludes of some -defect In the nervons system. This statement i founded upon an examination of large number of enses reported In the Lancet, but what. It will be asked; I abnormal grayness? We shall best B' swer this question by enumerating the characters of normal grayuess. Be tween the normnl and the abnormal there Is of course no sharp dividing line the one rv.s,'i imperceptibly iuto the other but. speaking generally. w-e may say that the chief features of normal grayness nre (tj It does not come on before, sny. the age of 35 years; (2) It l symmetrical:- (3) It begins In certain regious, preferentially the teuipk spreading thence; (4) the . blanching progresses gradually; (3) the blanching on the scalp does not proceed decidedly In advance of that on the face. Artificial Thunder and Lightning- The largest Induction coll, which pro duces the longest spark for service In . . . . . . . . I. ihA wireless telegraphy, Is sam to one which was recently made for nasu I ing messages between the coasts of j Japan nnd Korea. It can produce iniulature streak of lightning forty-Hw Inches In length, capable of killing . number of persons who might get in " I wny, nnd when in operation giv outa noise like that of thunder. The entire apparatus weighs about two tbuusauOj pounds. The great trouble with some neD who were heroes yesterday la that thef are stlU ou curtb to-day.