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Publithral Every Unk. ENTERPRISE OREGON. Tooths In their Erst yea- at college re not the only fresh men. But almost any political doctor will admit that the trust evil is evil. Arctic explorers do not succeed tn Ending much except pne another"s remains. Wlith the possible exception of the re pairs in a new house there's an end to all things. Mr. Baer has not us yet expressed any fear of what may hapien to a man who dies rich. Nine men out of ten would rather find $.0 worth of gold In an old pot tlmn to have written "Paradise Lost." A woman never can understand why a man buys a new Ierby hat that, as far as she can see, is Just like his old one. If King Leopold hears what Marse Watterson said of the "four hundred" lie will take the next snip for New York. The woman who worries over leav ing her children to the care of a nurse does not get very far into society nowadays. Peary was about 400 miles from the pole when he was forced to turn back. Four hundred miles is a long way where there are no sidewalks. The American heiress wants quality and the impecunious nobleman wants quantity. Bring the two together and the result Is a matrimonal merger. Medical science has not yet discov ered the smallpox germ, but perhaps the doctors, like the rest of us. prefer to look for it through a long-distance telescope. King Alfonso wants to rebuild the Spanish navy. All right. Alfey; re build it if you want to. but when you have it rebuilt be careful that It shall never get into a fight. The Duchess of Marlborough, It is re ported, will 1 declared by the kaiser to le of royal birth. There are others In this country who are descended from a long line of ferryboats. It Is indeed startling to learn that London now proposes that the mistress shall go to school to learn how to treat the maid. Is it possible that the wom en's clubs have not settled all that? If is a great relief to the country to have Greenland proved an island by Lieutenant I'eary. We laid awake one night last week, fearful lest It might turn out to be a simple peninsula. A man has committed suicide leav ing a note saying: "I have Just found out what an ass I am." If this sort of intelligence spreads. Chancellor An drews may stop worrying about overpopulation. It was Zola's misfortune that though his novels were written for reformers they attracted not reformers, but muck hunters. Clean-minded folk declined to wade through undeniable filth to dubious social reform. The Gregson incident. In which a British officer was whipped and ducked because he was "socially undesirable." Seems to indicate that the lesson of the Boer war on the worth of "social" standards In armies is not yet thor oughly learned. The experiment which the govern ment has been making in enlisting sail ors for the navy from the interior of the country has been successful. Sev eral hundred farmers' boys from Kan sas, Iowa, Kentucky and Nebraska Lave been in training on the ships Lan xaiter and Hartford during the past Tew months, and their instructors say thai they are making excellent sailors. Most of the boys got their first smell of salt water when they boarded the ships. The haste which various scientific gentlemen make to announce that Peary's last expedtion is not a failure betrays a prompt recognition that the general estimate is likely to be that way. Peary's expectation of conquer ing the pole did not thunder so loudly in the preface as Baldwin's did. But it was nevertheless predicated on the confident assertion that by preparing bases of supply and arranging for a steady advance that Icy citadel was certainly attainable, Yet in the finale It comes to the same result as Its prede cessors. Tradition says that the Queen of febeba asked Solomon to thread an in tricately pierced stone, and that he did so by means of a hair tied to a living worm. A long sewer in an Ohio fac tory recently became clogged, and a sou of Solomon came 1o the rescue. Tying a long ball of twine to the shell of r. mud-turtle, he put the animal into the entrance of the sewer and turned on a stream of water. The turtle bur rowed his way through the refuse, was "entered on" at each manhole, and emerged victorious at the outlet A rope attached to the twine, a swab and strong arms accomplished the rest swiftly and economically. A character in one of Arthur Sher burne Hardy's novels said, in answer to somebody who wanted to argue with him: "When I see two men arguing I see two donkeys in a treadmill. Write out what you want to 6ay and I will go home and think about it." The appli cation of this trenchant remark win hit aliout nine out of ten of those who indulge In arguments. They rarely do much good. They are of use to certain temperaments, lecaue they aid in fa cility of expression. It is said that Gladstone acquired his command of language from the custom which ob tained in his family of arguing every question, small and great It may have leen good for genius, but It could not have been a comfortable family to live in. Most argument intended to con vince is a dead failure, because the per sonal pride of the antagonist Is aroused, and he is only strengthened In his own position. This, again. Is not a good thing, because It usually means that the habit of seeing only one side of a subject Is confirmed. There are two sides to everything, whether we see them or not. Just as there are to the moon. People who cannot argue with out indulging in personalities ought never to do It Those who cannot do without the to quoque argument should also le discouraged, and equally unworthy of attention are those who tempt them. It Is hardly in human na ture, when one Is told that one's rela tives, or political party, or church, has certain faults, to refrain from pointing out that the other person's belongings have faults Just as tod. Yet this proves nothing except that human nature Is Imperfect and that the inn is always prone to call the kettle black. OPINIONS OF GREAT PAPERS ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS Economy and Matrimony. THAT admirable exponent of certain modern ideas. Doro thy Dix. has been explaining the reason why many mod ern men uiij nuiideus particularly the uieu do not marry. She says that with the well-to-do classes in general it is "an open question whether the marriage that will require the crucifixion of their tastes and the dmiy and hourly sacrifice of their comforts will return sufficient divi dends In happiness to make it a paying investment." She also points out tiie obvious fact that an income which will sup: port one person in luxury will not double itself by magic when there are two people living on it, and consequently oe or both of the permu concerned will have to alter in taste or go unsatisfied. Site also says, "No one would undervalue the beauty and sacreduees of love, but H is a cold fact that it is not enouzh capital on which to pet married." Then ah goes on to talk about starvation and shabby clothes, and the cacniiee of the taste and habit of a lifetime, and so on. This expmsaon of opiuion undoubtedly agrees with the feel ings of a gnod many modem young people, married and un married, bnt It would be a considerable mistake to suppose that it represents the mind of any large percentage of the population of this country, even of the well-to-do and intelligent classes. It is absurd to talk of starvation and privation in connection with a couple living on the ordinary income of a clerk or pro fessional man. The only question is whether they are willing to cut their coats according to their cloth, and take in the comfort of each other's society and the pleasure of bringing up their children, the recreation which they lined to get out of other amusements. If they are not willing to do this, it is quite true that they would better not get married. The coun try ran da without that kind of married peopl. Washington Time. . Researches in modern science con tinue to hold out the most flattering promises. Human beings are to live longer, the Ills that flesh Is heir to are to disappear and perhaps even death may have no terrors. Exjterl ments are being made by the State of New York to determine the character and amount of food needed to keep the human body In the best possible condition. By means of respiration calorimeter the healthful demand for food by different iersons can be known. The man who Is eating too much or unsuitable food food that does not supply muscular tissues or energy can know at once what to do and what changes to make to se cure the needed benefits. The United States government too. is carrying on experiments testing the effect of vari ous food adulterations upon health, rtllizing a dozen volunteers. Dr. Wi ley, chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, will determine the value or harm of many articles of diet whose virtues are now questioned. Reports come from Borne to the effect that a promi nent physician there is making expe riments to determine the depth of a person's sleep. The results show there are certain periods when the sleeper Is mure easily awakened than at oth ers, and by use of a specially design ed instrument it can be known at just what time a man ought or ought not to rise. Word comes from Turis that Germ-proof houses are at hand. There are to be no more palatial residences holding the germs of all the ages. Single-storied houses are to be the models. These houses are to be built of porous earthenware and to be set on gravel. The roof will be tiled, not slated, and the windows will reach from top to bottom of the walls. In no room will there be corners to harbor dust and bacteria. The skirting will curve into the hardwood floors Instead of striking them at right angles. There Is to be no place for disease. From Paris, too, comes the assurance from wiseacres that old age Is to be abol ished, or rather extreme old age Is to become enjoyable, through occasional fasting. By this cheap process bodily ills are to disappear, youth Is to be renewed and man to enter on a new career. As if all these assurances were not enough to make life worth living, an Illinois physician has come for ward saying he has raised the rienH and can do tt again. These are only a j few of the ho)es held out by modern science, but there Is still opportunity ; for other wonders. The most helpless Invalid and the most aged have reason ' to cheer up, expect perfect resoration ' of health and the Joys of new life. Petroleum as a Beverage. j The Medical Society of Paris has! expressed the opinion that it Is neces-1 sary to adopt some measures against! the alarming spread of petroleum I drinking. At first It was thought that' this habit had sprung up from the in-1 creased taxation on alcohol Imposed by the French government but an in- i vestigation showed that this was not) the case; the habit had been prevalent ' some time previously in certain dis-l triets and bad spread with great rapid-) ity. The victim of the petroleum habit "does not become brutal, only morose. Opinions differ among physicians as regards the effects of petroleum drink ing on the human system, but all agree on the nariufulness of this new vice, j Getting Rid or His Enemies. I First Small Boy Did you throw any j old shoes after your sister when she 1 rent to 11 eel m1 t ! Second Small Boy Not much! I threw all my mother's slippers. Phila delphia Record. Crime in Buenos Ay res. Buenos Ayres has issued Its criminal statistics for lttol. They include DC murders, 244 attempted murders, 1.710 assaultB. and over O.ooo thefts, burgla ries, and swindles. When a man oiiens up a business the papers soy he has a large circle of friends, and after the accounts begin to accumulate In his ledger be begins to believe it Training for Home Life. IT is the old conventionality that the business of woman is always to make a home for man. and that man's sphere lie always outside the home, that causes much of modern wom an's discontent, and aeainm which she protests. The purpose of all training, she insists, is to push the boy out into the world and to keep the girl in. and it is from tais inequality and injustice that she demands emancipation. The view is a mistaaken one. however, the final object in the education of both sexes being the same to fit them for living at home. In fact it Is and always has been the conviction of man kind that the life of both women and men should be lived at home, and accordingly the aim of parents is to prepare their sons and danchter to properly discharge their duties toward the home. Their desire is to see both happily settled in homs of their own. but recognizing the difference between the fexes. and the greater share of responsibility assigned by nature to the man. they give the boy the training necessary to enable him to found and maintain the home, and to the giri the train ing to carry it on. If the aim of the parents is a mistaken one. it is at least implied impartially to both sexes, so that there can be no vaiid claim of injurtiee on the part of either. If, as the great majority of the world believes, the first duty of woman is to the home, the traininc of the man con templates also the same duty for him. Philadelphia Ledger. Why Negro Education Fails. ONE of the reasons why education as applied to the Mack race in the United States is a practical failure is because the purpose of education is ridiculously mis conceived by many, perhaps most, of those who nttend the schools which Northern philanthropy has established in various places in the South. Nine young negroes out of ten who go in for education do it with the notion that education will enable them to live without work. For the same reason the ranks of the black ministry throughout the South are always full, being recruited from the product of the schools, which put forth each year a larce number of persons "educat ed" to a point where they despise manual labor and are eager to catch at any chance which promises them an easy and semi idle hfe. The religious and moral status of these seif-elected spiritual leaders of the race may be judged from the fact that a few months ago there were fifty-nine black preachers in the Georgia State penitentiaries. Portland Oregonian. Are Babies Becoming Extinct? THET.E is little place in city life to-day for babies. Land lords prefer to let houses to families that have no children to do damage to the property and aunoy the neighbors. Apartment houses are generally closed acainst the Krtle ones. I ogs may be accepted, but no children. The appli cant for a place as janitor, steward, coachman, or any of a doxen other places of domestic service may be allowed to have a wife and perhaps bring her with bim for service, but the ma hogany doors will not swing open to servants' children. The poor widow who is forced to make the living for herself and little ones finds them a barrier wherever she turns. u t.w .,ft.,n .vo- at An the customs of city life tnrn the children of the poor from a Messing into a curse and an insupportable bnrden. All too often are parents that love their children u dearly as the rich love their own. forced by harsh necessity to place them in institutions or desert them, and when the cause is sifted to the bottom the fault is found to be less with the parent than with the senseless nnd heartless cus toms nnd conditions put upon them by those who easily could, if tliev would, change it all. And the most pitiful part of it from the broader view point is that the world is suffering a lack of development of it best material for futu-e mnnhood and womanhood. It Is to the chil dren of the poor that the world has ever looked for the best in the future. If the children of the city's poor are discriminated against must it not I said, too, thnt the children of the city's rich are being eliminated? The decrees of society render it inconvenient anil unfashionable to have children, and most of the great mansious know them not Ie Moines News. 1 1 Work Does Sol Shorten Life. THE report of the census bureau, which declare that since 1S10 the median of American longevity has in creased T.4 years, point to many vital conclusions. Among these, it proves that with the Introduction and enormous patronace of the railroad, steamboats, elec tric cars and all other means of rapid transit we have reached and safely paed that stage in mechanical development when the attendant low of human hfe is at the maximum. It also speaks eloquently of the progress In the science of medicine and surgery, the improvement and increase in the number of hospitals and public places of refure. It shows the triumph of law aud order, the approximate perfection of our police system and the growth of all those safeguards with which society surrounds Itself. But above these thincs. it gives the lie to the blatant alartniwt who all these years has harrowed us with hia cry that tht ceaseless commercial activity of the day, the rush for fortune and fame, are burning the candle of longevity at both ends. We have been ponderously warned that the American raca was so rapidly consuming its vital enercy that each of na would soon be. at the age of 50, a tottering wreck, mentally and physically incapable. But the triumph over the world In commercial, scientific and economic progress, we are now told on indisputable authority, has not been achieved at such a sacrifice. It seems that the harder we work, the lustier we wax. and the longer we live. Anteus-Hke. we rise after each fall with added vigor and accumulated aggression. Detroit Journal The Men Who Break Down. WHEN a man standing it the head of a vast bust ness hreaks down the papers liegin to talk of the enormous pressure of modern life, especially in the lines of finance and industrial activity. There are railway presidents who stand a great amount of business strain, but they waste none of their energies, and are temperate, as all men of great affairs must be, if they would hold their own in these busy days. While a great business involves larre responsibilities, a strong man at the head of it will be found to have selected capable assistants, often younger men with great power of resisting strain. The railway president bank president or head of a tniBt has his staff,: his business systematized, and a large part of his worth to his corporation consists in his ability to pick good men for responsible places. When one comes to look over the list of men broken down in business it is amoug those having small business that the greater number will be found. The man in a small way rarely can afford to have capable assistants: he must "do it all him self." and hence worry and over-doing. There is more of a chance for brain fac in a small shop or agency than in a big business. Mexican Herald. iiKMtv I'uirrs. FROM ERRAND BOY TO MAGNATE Career of Henry Fhippa, Who Beceutl Cave fl04l,000 to the Boera. neury Pblpps, whose recent contri bution of $100,000 for the relief of des titute Boers In South Africa has at tracted wide atten tion. Is one of the dlrwctorAiof the Carnegie Steel iT Sw' """Pany and is V U reckoned one of V,'.uVvT I America's eti, men. His fortune Is est I m a ted at $50,000,000. Mr. Phlppg WaB born of poor pa rents In Allegheny City. Pa.. and whii.. a boy In short trousers hired out as e messenger In Pittsburg, ne and An drew Carnegie ran errand together for several years and as messenger boys formed the partnership; which has always existed between Vem. They schemed together as youths and while very young men embarked in the bus. ness which has made them both mulU mlllloiialrea the making of steel. Many years ngo Mr; Phlpps' fortune had expanded to the million mark and his lufluence was felt 4a the financial world; but he was habitually modest and shrank from publicity, wherefore his name was but seldom heard. In the steel business he become a factor almost as powerful as his associate, Mr. Carnegie, and his fortune grew apace. In 1901 he was publicly classed with the 3.S27 other American million aires and since that time he has been ranked with the country's wealthiest men. Two yeai-8 ago he left Pittsburg, which had been his home as well aa the scene of his successful operations, nnd settled In New York. He at once lought nearly the entire block on 5th avenue, between 87th and 88th streets, and secured plans for a palace to cost approximately $1,000,000. Work on this magnificent palace is now under way. His donation to tie Boers created no surprise to those who are well ac quainted with Mr. Phipps. Numerous Institutions in Pittsburg, Allegheny City and other cities have been bene fited by his charities and lnnumorable unfortunate persons have been aided by him. JEFFERSON DAVIS MEMORIAL Arch Erected in Richmond by Dan En ters of Confederacy. A beautiful memorial arch is being erected In Richmond. Va to Jefferson Davis by the United Daughters of the Confederacy. It was designed by Lou Is A. Gudebrod nnd the cost will be Honor the School Teachers. THE Gloucester school teacher who has retired from her work after forty-two years teaching in the schools of that place, during whieh she was absent but twice, should be looked upon with profound respect An Ameri can humorist has said that a good teacher "should Ik made a brigadier general and have a horse and wagon to do his riding around in." and the sentiment is that of all wht understand what one who presides over a room in a school building endures. A large proportion of teachers become broken in health by the nervous strain after five or six years, and physician regard teachers of experience as among the hardest patient to help permanently because the attack of any illness finds so little of reserve strength to oppose it. The world respects its teachers, but its honor and applause goes to those who do nnusual deeds, or acts requiring impulsive courage. It is. however, the regular work of carefullv trained and kindly people that upbuilds the Intellectual and "spiritual life of mankind, and none perform deeds of more lasting va.ua than the quiet toilers between the blackboards and the desks. Boston Transcript If the wish Is father to the thought, the thought must be sunny. A MAN WITH "P'lNTS." j Old Farmer Found Drummer Wae Well Informed. The drummer who had missed the early morning train came into the tiny 7x9 junction station waiting room and glanced about bim. Drummers always glance about when they come to sta tions, big or little They do It because it la a habit the same as winking one eye knowingly, poking a crooked thumb over the shoulder or when one says about once every half minute dur ing a casual talk on crops, weather ana so on: "Don't chew know?" These arc hard things to get rid of. So is the drummer. But this was not an ordinary drum merat least be so impressed the se date old gentleman who was busy studying a time table by the window. The old gentleman got up, went to the drummer and held out the time table, asking. "If a train got to Pulaski about 7 in the mornin' would that give me time to visit Elder Spriggius. who lives jist outside the town, before the other train came along?" There was mourning at the end of the finger that pointed out Pulaski. There was hair in the ears of the old man and a misty veil on his glasses hooked over his eagle-like beak. There was also a curious dip to his straw hat not unlike the swirl of the busy col lege man out for a risque vacation $W panama or not The drummer was one of those chaps of ready sieech and quick response and he answered, in a pleasant tone: "If you get to Pulaski on that early train you certainly will have plenty of time to visit Elder Spriggius and enjoy his hospitality before the next train comes along." Then the speaker beam ed an amiable smile. But the old granger never bated a wink of the eye nor puckered a risible tnuacle. "And if the way is clear for real good eippln' 'long the rails at a two forty Klory Temple gait do yon really think a pusson could reach Carthage before sundown and In time to help Ezra Snow milk the cows and do the evenln' chores?" "I don't think anything about it I know It can tie done. I did it one week ago yesterday and found Ezra welL excepting for a little twinge of rheu matism. Always was troubled that way, you know, Ezra was." The old chap drew In his upper Up until the tuft on hie chin tickled his nose. He sneezed, gave bis straw hat another tip forward, scratched his ear with his lean finger, and asked: "By doln' a cross-country stunt for four miles and divergin' to the left Jist 'fore crossin' the canal lock the other side of Boonville, do you think an old pusson who used to peter out the beat wrestler in these parts, back, side or rough-an'-tumble holt could fetch up 'bout time for dinner at the Yaller tavern on the four corners kept by Eli Jones, who can take care of fourteen men and hossee without going to the neighbors? Do you think It can be done by an ole pilgrim who draws a penshun of asthmay from the Civil War if he should start now without further parley?" "I took the same route day before yesterday and I know it can be done. Ell is still at the Taller tavern, doing a brisk business, same as usual." And again the drummer tossed the old chap a knowing smile, says the New York Times. And again the old chap never twitched a balr of the eyebrow nor curved a bristle of the lip. "And if I should take the evenln' boat from Albany I'd reach New l'ork in time for break good Lord! He's gone! Snatched the train on the zip and went quicker'n a wink. They're a mighty knowln' lot and I'm glad 1 got information; for I may take It Into my head to try a Ja'nt sometime my self. Good-by, Si. So glad I happened along and found a man with p'lnts." gentleman's eyes twinkled, says the Pittsburg Bulletin, as he drew from his pocket book a small sheet of note paper. "I sent the boy a toy monkey that Plays all kinds of pranks when It's wound up," said he, chuckling. "Sent It to him for his birthday. Now you listen to this letter of thanks I got from him tolay. He's Just 8 years old: "'Deer Uncle Ned, I am delighted with the munkey, thank you. He makes me think of you very often. And whenever mamma winds him up and he begins to Jump, mamma and I feel as if we were back at your bouse where all those toys are. and mamma says. That's your Uncle Ned all over" Good-by from your grateful Hal " , MI.t,hJ!" 8ald tb ld gentleman, as he folded up the letter, "that I shall be more careful what I send hini for hia next birthday." Thanking Cncle Ned. "My niece Mary was always a well meaning girt," remarked the old gentle man, "but she would say the wrong thing every time, and she's got a boy who is going to equal her." The old W orld'e Shortest Street. It is the shortest in Paris, and It is believed In the world. It is named Rue des Degres. It consists only of four teen stairs, has no shops, no doors, and no dwelling houses opening onto It No carriages or carts can drive up or down it and the greater part of one side of it Is ii.rt or on - iu an arra v of posters, let the authorities have taken the trouble to give this thoroughfare" a name. 6 Too Much for the Barber "Ton can't guy that fellow." 8'id the "Did you try Itr asked "nexf "Yes. When he got into my chalr t asked bim if he wanted a hair cut in he said he didn't care if I cut Wh of them."-Indianapoll8 News ' There Is very little difference" between a good person and a bad one. Get w!n acquainted with a good man. ana you wlU find much toxundemn, and an Int" mate acquaintance with a bad mn will result in the discovery of much to commend. immm JEFtXiiSOH DAVIS ABCIl. about $70,000, which it has taken the daughters several years to get together. The site of the monument Is the choice of Mrs. Jefferson Davis, who, though opposed to the memorial at first finally consented, and the arch will be unveiled in Monroe Park at Richmond in the early spring. LEAPING SALMON SNAPSHOT." FV . r .- r " U 'If Mil, lav Tk , Photographically speaking, nothing Imaginable can be more difficult to "snapshoot" than a leaping salmon. Nobody can tell when, or Just where, he is going to Jump, and accurate focus is out of the question. Probably the accompanying picture Is the most suc cessful photo of a leaping salmon ever taken. It was made by an officer of the United States fish commission on the Island of Afognak, off the coast of Alaska, and the big fish is Jumping up a fall to get to the spawning grounds In the headwaters of the stream. Labor on Railroad Feeders The average person whb 'picks up railroad time folder does not realize the amount of work which the prep aration of such a publication involves. A big Western railroad, for Instance, has a general time folder made up from sixteen different divisions opera ting time tables. The folder ctXiala 2.000 names of towns, gives the sched ules of over 500 trains and whenever there is a change In time C0.O00 figures have to be carefully checked and cor rected. Cats In Switzerland. Swiss ornithologists declare that caw have become so numerous In Swltzet land as to threaten the extermination of aU birds of the country.