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The morning call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, June 16, 1890, Image 7

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FESTIVE SCENES
OF FLORENCE.
Ceremonies That Mark the End
of Lent and Dawn
of Easter.
ANNUAL BLESSING OF HOMES.
" La Gran Festa Delia Colomba" the
Result of a Vow Made by a Pil
grim to the Holy Land— The
Battle Standard of Florence,
Greek Celebration of Easter.
Bpectal Correspondence of Thk Mormnu Call.
Florence, April 31, ism.— When one
lives in rooms twenty feet high, per
haps it is too nuu'li to expect the lofty
ceilings to be kept free from dust and cob
webs; but having a constitutional dread of
spiders it is disheartening to -ee them riot
ing over one's head in undisputed posses
mou of the field. The pendant webs sway
ing with every breeze were certainly pictur-
'• esque when looked at from an artistic stand
• point, and they also mads good targets for
•■• balls and bean-bajjs, and we succeeded in
: bringing some down in that waj . Some
■. time they would fall uninvited, and the spi
.'. der9 were too social. So we protested— they
.'. ■ must come down. The maid smilingly told
us that the entire house, walls and ceiling
■ would be swept before Easter for the nn
•.■■ nual blessing. So we waited in patience,
■ '• blessing the custom which gives us clean
■;■ rooms onco a year. On the morning of
'■.' ": '■ Friday before Easter our maid came in beam
. ing with smiles and informed us that the
■'••priest bad arrived, aDd as every room in
■'■•' the house must be visited separately we
._• shared in the beuediction. It was a very
: '- - inple rite. A priest robed iu a long pur
.-.-. ple velvet Kown with the embroidered
: . "camicia" enteied, carrying the " asper
-.; sorio." with which he sprinkled the "aqua
V santa" as he pronounced the blessing, lie
: ..- was attended by a boy clad in a long mus
'■: . tin rube, who carried the "piletta," con
taining an additional supply of the sacred
fluid! This quaint old custom is observed
rv'-i tbtougbi utall the cities and towns of Tus
:! '•' cany.
■; ; , A GBAND FE3TA.
■„...■ The next day (Saturday) is celebrated
- "La Gran Festa della Colomba," wnen the
' •-: -the "eontadini" (the peasants) from miles
: •••' around Florence cougregate in the "I'iazza
■:. del Duomo" to seethe "colomba" (dove)
. make the flight, which to them is a prophecy
../. of success or failure of the seasou'a crops.
. A chariot laden with fireworks and
• decked with garlands of varicolored paper
• • is drawn in front of the cathedral.
The central doors are thrown open and a
fv. in- is stretched from the high altar to the
ehariot. At the stroke of the great bell in
the tower the dove, which is a mechanical
arrangement, pursues its course along the
wire, eaters the chariot, sets off tlie fire
■ works and returns into the church, amid
the approving "bravas" of the multitude.
; If the flight of the dove is sure and swift, as
. it was tnis year, every one is happy; out
if it is unsteady and halting, as sometimes
. happens, the poor peasants are sad, fearing
a poor harvest, and they flock to the
' churches, and casting themselves before
- their patron saints implore their assistance.
.^ The steps of the Duomo were covered with
seats, aud there were atso many inside the
• church each side oi the dove's course. A
long procession of priests and dignitaries,
including Cardinal "Bausa," Archbishop of
Florence, marched through the crowd and
took seats iu the church to witness this cer
tmony.
KESCLT OF A PILGRIM S VOW.
'•'his interesting festa had its origin een
• ti.nes ago in the piety of a noble pilgrim
. • to tlie lioly Land. He was the founder of
tiie "I'azzi Family." While on his journey
'-. to Jerusalem, amid the manifold hard
ships and danger* by which he was sur
■ rounded, he made a vow to the Virgin that
if she would bring him safely back to Flor
■ : ' encn he would yearly acknowledge his
thankfulness by a public ceremony. So
■;. wheu he was safely home he instituted this
■■': festa, iu fulfillment of his vow. He decreed
'; in his will that after his death bis family
- should each year bear the expense of this
-.; celebration or forfeit their entire heritage.
...'. Bo once every year, at high noon, this car is
■ tired in front of the cathedral. Oulyhalfof
the fireworks are burned here, however,
■:i# «nd immediately alterward four magnificent
miiw-vvhite oxen, with garlands of liuwera
. . about tln-ir horns and necks, aud broad
- bands of red aud yellow flannel about their
- bodies, walk slowly through the crowd and
are fastened to the car, and then draw it to
■to the old "Pazzi I'alace," where the re
' waiuder of the fireworks are burned. But
• the car itself is of great antiquity, and hav
ing been used in battle, it is an Interesting
relic.
T!IK STAXDAP.D OF FLOKEXCE.
In- the old days, the standard of Florence
was placed on a wooden car, twenty feet high,
.' and drawn by four snow white oxen, to
that it could not advance nor retreat too
rapidly, but should serve to keep the sol
, ■ diers steady, a bell was on the top and was
'. ■ constantly rung during a battle. Aud as
: the car was so high it was easily seen by all,
and was the rallying point /or the whole
army. It was guarded by a band of chosen
• men, the flower of the ariuy, aud they were
to die, rather than give up the car. Tbe one
used at the Easter celebration was one of
those old battle chariots hundreds of years
old, that has borne the standard of Florence
' iu man; battles, a beloved and sacredly
guarded relic, only to be seen on this occa
' siun. This fact is cot generally known, and
.' lain indebted to an old Florentine resident
- lor this bit of information.
On Easter Sunday the churches were
. gorgeously decorated, the Church of Santa
Maria Novella being especially beautiful,
v The walls were elaborately hung with gar
landl aud bouquets, the floor in Iront of tlie
• ii'gii altar and before many of the chapels
was covered with carpet's of flower?, ar
■ ' i. . iij-'eif in different patterns and composed
liiostly of roses.
GREEK CELEBRATIOX OF EASTER.
A week later came the celebration of
Easter by the Greek Church, of whose
members there are ciany here, mostly Rus
sians. We secured an invitation to the
. midnight service, which ends the fast of
J.t-nt, and ushers in the joyous Easter day, a
very important service and the most unique
J ever w Itaemed. We arrived at the church
at 11:30 o'clock and found it brilliantly
illuminated with candlei, and the priests
ulreudv In attendance. They were robed in
l.mg Honing garments of rich white mate
rial, embroidered in gold, witn many small
(Jre>'k crosses and with heavy gilt borders.
There was no high altar and the priests
■were raised only one step above tbe iloor
-eftttG'Gtrarcb. la front of this dais was a
'• long table of hiehly polished wood; on the
top was tainted a picture of the crucifixion.
■ As each person entered they went directly
in front of this table, where they knelt and
" prostrated themselves until their faceseven
■ touched the floor. Some repeated this act
of devotion several times. Then, risiuir,
they bent over the table and kissed the
painted fignre three time*; then took their
seat*, caeh carrying a long, unlightPd taper.
At 12 o'clock the church was well filled, and
• as the bells were tolling the hour the serv
ico began, one priest reading and then
■ others, who stood at one side, chanting re
■ spnnsea to the organ accompaniment, the
audience meanwhile devoutly • listening,
■ ising themselves and joiuing in the re
'■■ dsps, kneeling or standing, as the serv
•. ice required.
CHIUST IS Kisi.v.
■'.' ■ At the close of this part of the ceremony
' the priests carried the table into a room at
the rear of the church and then came out,
. cuie bringing a small cross, another a biblo
and another the sacred images belonging to
the church. They were followed by boys
clotbed in long white robes and carryiug
lighted tapers, and a double male quartet,
singing most charmingly appropriate music.
They marched through the center of the
church and out into the hall. The doors
■ ' were closed. Then a young girl stepped
.-'■' forward and lighted her taper from one of
- the eaudlos, and others quickly lighted
. theirs from hers, and soon every taper was
.. burning. All remained standing aud tbe
.j. music coming to us from a distance was
very solemn and Impressive. After a few |
minutes the procession returned aud
inarched back to the rear of the church
and disappeared aud all was silent,
■ save the harmonious voices, cf the
singers. At last a priest came out and
•' holding up a small cross, announced in tri
■ umphant tones, "Christ is risen." In
■■- stautlv each one blew out his or her taper
. ■■nun turning to those nearest to them em
'. braced each nther affectionately aud kissed
■ three times on the cheek. Then they went
v foiward to tbe priest and kissed first the
. .'.cross he held, then the priest himself.
EABTEB GREETINGS. -
- •'. There was a general interchange of Easter
"greetings and the gentlemen kissed eacb
other as Die ladies did, always three times,
but the gentlemen kissed the hands only of
their lady friends. The service was con
ducted in that most musical laucmigr, the
Greek, aud the audience presented a brill
iant appearance. All were in evening
dress, the young girls in white. A fair
sprinkling of military uniforms gave the
requisite dash of color. There were manv
lovely girls and some beautiful ladies aud
fine looking men. In fact, the whole Rus
sian colony is a distinguished looking as
sembluge of people. Bell.
CLEMENTS DIES.
Unfortunate Speculations Drove
Him to Suicide.
William Clements, the stock-dealer who
shot himself with suicidal intent ou the
20th of last month, and who was taken to
the City and County Hospital, died In that
institution yesterday from the effects of his
self-inflicted wounds.
From all that can be learned Clements
was the victim of unfortunate circum
stances. He ncted as a go-between for
friends and stock-brokers iu the matter of
the purchase and sale of stocks. Iu
this way lie amassed considerable
money, and operated successfully ou nis
own account. Tnen reverses came, and he
lost everything he had. He sustained him
self, however, for awhile on money which
he borrowed from friends. One loan he ob
tained from a woman, aud gave his note
therefor. He was unable to meet his note,
and the woman threatened him with arrest
on a charge of obtaining money under false
pretenses.
Clements became very despondent over
the prospect of arrest, "and on May 20th
tried to blow his brains out. He fired four
builds, two of which took effect, inflicting
serious wounds in his head. It seemed
marvelous how he escaped instant death.
On the day after committing the deed he
was removed to the City and County Hos
pital, and for n while it was thought that
he might recover. Within the past few
days thuiigh, he had been gradually sink
ing.
Clements was a iiative of Sweden, aged
Co years, and resided at lib' Berry street.
STOPPED THE FIGHT.
Tbe Itulli Wern Doing the ltest They
Could \i hen the Turilo Interfrred.
At Stony Ford, ou the famous stock farm
of Charles Backman, near Goshen, N. Y.,
two Ilolsteiu bulls wore pasturing in dif
ferent fields, one on one side of the Wal
kill Kiver, and oue ou the other side. There
had been a bitter feud betweeu the two
blooded animals for a lonii time, and a few
days ago one ol the bulls took a position on
the river bank iu the pasture aud bellowed
a challenge to his enemy, the other bull.
This was quickly answered by the liolstein,
and he lost no time iu getting to the
bank on his side of the WalkllL
Tho two bulls stood in that way
bellowing, and muttering, aud pawing dirt
for a long time, each working himself into
deeper r;ue, until at last ooe bull coulo>
contain himself no longer and plunged into
the river aud swam toward his rival's do
main. The rival did not wait for him to
get there, but jumped into the river and
swam to meet him. The two ugly animals,
their tempers umooled by their bath, met
in mid-stream and attempted to have the
matter out right there. The lack of foot
ing aud the strength of the current pre
vented either bull from making any telling
assault, but each tried his best to do battle.
While the bulls were butting and bellow
ing in futile rage in the stream, the one that
had jumped into the river first suddenly
gave a tremendous bellow, and, turning
about, pulled back for his pasture, bellow
ing lustily all the way and shaking his bead
violently. He reached the shore, drew him
self out and scrambled up the bauk. Then
the cause of bis sudden panic aud retreat
became apparent. A large snapping turtle,
for which the Walkill it noted, had been
attracted to the spot where the bulls were
fighting in the water, and the tail of this
bull presenting an appearance to its liking,
the turtle had closed his powerful jaws ou
it well up toward the butt end. This attack
In the rear was more than the bull had cal
culated on, and he pulled for home. Wheu
he got out of the water he kept right od,
tearing about the field and maUiug such a
rumpus as that farm had never known be
fore.
The other bull, wheu its foe retreated so
noisily aud suddenly, seemed seized with a
panic, too, and swam b ick to his pasture as
quickly as he couid. When he climbert the
bank he gazed back at the strange circus
las rival was having, and uttered not a
Round. After tearing about the lot two or
three times the bull the turtle had caught
succeeded in shaking the snapper loose. It
was picked up and subsequently sent to a
restaurant-keeper in New York City. The
bull that the turtle didn't catch has gone to
the bank and renewed his challenge every
day since the turtle broke up tho fir'ht, but
his rival pays no attention to it. lie evi
dently liars a repetition of his first experi
ence. — N. Y. Sun.
AMERICAN BEAUTIES.
Cuuiraenis on * Question That Has Keen
Mut-li Di-.cui.siil.
The beauty of American girls is a
much - discussed question. It is said
they have no distinctive points, but
it seems to me that any one who has
traveled must easily have settled upon the
salient points which go to make up the
beauty of an American cirl. A general
delicai-y of outline as well as ci loriuc are
demanded. A woman with very large eyes
and no other charms is never rated as a
beauty here. Wht-u a woman is said to be
beautiful in America it means that she has
a face molded in delicate lines, features
that are thoroughly harmonious, a figure
which is neither pronouncedly athletic
nor too plump and small hands aud feet. In
England if a woman is six feet two, and
broad across the shoulders, she is invariably
spoken of in the society pipers as beautiful,
though her feet may outclass the iron-ciad
and her knurkles stretch wildly abroad. In
Italy and Spain a pair of big, expressive
eyes are enough, but in America a thor
oughly balanced seiies of attractions must
be shown to wiu the title. American giils
form a lofty, gay, intrepid and dashing
army, whose audacity should he feminine.
They have all oi the atliletic look of the
Englishwoman, without the ill-htting gloves
aud ponderous boots. The assumption of
semi-masculine attire robs them of their
greatest charm. Womanliness is still tho
must attractive quality of woman.— The 11
--lustrated American.
EUtloA 1 N in«.iy-Ko«m Caatle.
The ninety-room house that fe'eislipn li.
Eikins is building near the town of Elkins,
Randolph County. W. Va., will be finished
about June Ist. It is one of the finest
country residences in the South, aud is at
the top of a high hill — about ten minutes'
walk froin the railroad station. In front is
an extensive lawn. Around the building
is a wall three feet higher than the first
il or. At a distance the house with its
towers does not look unlike a. European
castle.
It is an extensive three-story structure,
with shingl>-d sides aud slate roof. On the
first floor is a large hall, which will be
lighted with six ornamental torcheres, which
will cost about S'-MO apiece. Tho parlor,
dining-room and library, all about the same
size, are on the same lioor, and will be fit
ted up luxuriously. The children's room is
also on the same floor, but is smaller than
the other three. All the rooms ace fin
ished iu hard wood. The fire-places are
massive. The walls of some of the rooms
are adorned with paintings. On the second
floor are the sleeping apartments and about
half a dozen bath-rooms. The bath-tubs
are of solid porcelain. The kitchen exten
sion is a two-story building. The first tloor
contains the kitchen proper, the servants'
dining-room, and the lioor above their
sleeping aud bath rooms.— -Baltimore Sun.
Unu't Care If I I>i>.
"While 1 was i;i Seattle a short time ago,"
remarked Noah Armstrong yesterday as he
was accepting an invitation to imbibe, "1
met an old friend who is building a railroad
from Seattlo to Belliughnm liay. We were
in a saloon and I began questioning him
about the work and its progress, aud the
conversation ran about like this:
"That's a pretty good country you're
buil'ling to, captain."
"'Don't care if I do,' he replied. I paid
no attention to thin unseemly reply, think
ing it was a joke, and so we took a dunk,
when I again ventured:
"'When do you expect to finish the road?'
" 'Don't care if 1 do,' was the contractor's
reply, and once more we filled them.
"Next time I raised my voice and yelled:
' llow did vou lix that right of way matter?'
"'Don't care if 1 do.' he once more re
plied nnd about that time the whole house
caught on, and it just then occurred to me
that uiy friend was (leaf, a fact which I had
entirely forgotten."— Helena Independent.
A I>r»tlsi's 15111.
A well-known d-ntist tried hard to col
let a bill, but after many uni-ffectual efforts
said to the debtor: "I do not intend to
send vou any more bills and 1 don t intend
to sue you; but there is one thing I want to
tell you. Every time you cut off a picco of
I eefsteak and pa3» it to your wife 1 want
routo lemeinlK-r that she is not chewing
that beef with her teeth, nor with your
teeth, but with my teeth." In two or three
days he received a check. The motion of
those doubly false teeth In his wife g mouth
was too much for lilm^ Christian Advocate.
The houses in Astoria must be numbered
by a recent ordinance.
THE MOKNING CALL, SAN FRANCISCO, MONDAY, JUNE 16, 1890-EIGHT PAGES.
FLYING MAGNETS.
Hurled From a Rapidly Reyolv
ing. Wheel.
Several Columns Dsatroyed by ths Heavy
Weigati— An Employe of the Elec
tric-Light Company Irjured.
A sensational rumor spread alone the
street yesterday afternoon to the effect that
a terrible catastrophe had happened at the
California Electric-Light plant on Town
send street, near Third. It was stated that
one of the large wheels used iu the machin
ery had beeu blown to pieces by being
too heavily charged with electricity. An
other report was that the boiler used in
furnishing power for the dynamos had ex
ploded with disastrous effect to the work3
and plant, besides killing two men and
wounding several.
A reporter of The Call visited the
works on Townsend street aud inquired for
information regarding the affair. The em
ployes in attendance were considerably
surprised at the Inquiries made |and stoutly
maintained that there had been no accident
at the place at all during the day, and con
ducted the reporter all over the place to
prove their assertions. No evidence of dis
aster was found iu any department, every
thing being in apparent good working
order. One employe said that during the
day a pulley had beeu displaced, which
struck one of the m«n, who waa not badly
hurt, but who readily took advantage of
the opportunity to lay off.
DAMAGE NOT LABOE.
A second visit was had to the California
Electric Company's plant on Stevenson
street, near Third. Hero it was also denied
that there had beeu any accident Alter
much questioning one of the employes at
last admitted that one had occurred. The
damage done was not as large as was re
ported, aud only one man was injured.
According to the explanation made it ap
pears that one of the engineers of the com
pany and a helper were engaged in experi
menting with a new machine. In this
machine the magnets of tho armature, a
large revolving wheel, are attached to the
wheel by means ol bolts, while in the old
machine they are attached by means of
coiling. The bolts in the machine experi
mented with yesterday were weak and
when the armature was started on its revo
lutions this was not noticed. The magnet
bolts weigh about twenty pound-, while the
diameter of the armature is about four feet.
WITH TEBBIFIC FOBCE.
Nothing occurred until the armature had
attained the speed of 1000 revolutions a
minute. Then suddenly the magnet bolts
begsu to lly out of the armature. The
20-pouud volts were hurled off at various
tangents. The bolts attaching them had not
beeu strone enough to resist the centrifugal
force, which at a H<w revolutions is most
powerful in an armature with the circum
ference of niue or twelve feet. The buzzing
magnets flew with the velocity of cauuon
baila. A helper standing by was thrown
down, but not struck, as he was staudiug by
the side oiling the machine, while the mac
nets went oil iu a straight line. He was
rendered iuseusible by either fright or a
charge of electricity. The engineer was at
the time at a safe distance.
BHATTKBKD COLUMNS.
The flyiug magnets struck against sev
eral columns in the line of tlie tangent they
followed aud cut them in two like so many
matches. This broke their force and they
buried themselves in the wall. Fortun
ately none of the valuable machinery or
dynamos were in their Hue or the damage
would liave been considerable. As it was
the loss will not amount to much, as far as
injured property is couceruei.
Dr. Williams of the Ueieiviug Hospital
was called iu to attend the man who had
beeu rendered insensible by the shock.
After applying restoratives tho injured
man was sent home.
Thß employes of the company, when
questicued, stated that they did not know
the uame of the man. He had been only
recently employed as a helper, and as there
are 100 of them, who work in shifts, they
could not tell who he was.
EXTENT Or HIS INJl'ltlK*.
Dr. Williams was a^ked about the condi
tion of the man and said that he could not
tell how seriously he was injured, li would
take several days to discover definitely the
extent of his injury, as he might have been
hurt Internally.
The officers of the company on the other
hand, affirm most emphatically that tho
man was not injured seriously at all, aud
that it was impossible for him to have been
so hurt. Had he been struck with one of
the flying magnets, lie would never have
lin :i no more conscious of it than if he
had been hit "with a cannon ball or a shell.
UTSALADY, "LOIS OF BEKKIES."
<■!<■ it Niiruocii of Skeletons MarK the
hcene of a I>lfMNt«ir.
In sight of this harbor, says the Gibraltar
Farmer, isCaniano Island, on the north end
of which stands the village of Ut^alady and
the large saw-mill of the Pugct Mill Com
pany. At the south end of the island a ter
rible catastrophe occurred the year that the
rush took place to the Frazer Kiver mines,
thirty-two years ago. There were camped
on the beach ut the south end 1000 Skagit
Indians. That was their favuritu camping
ground, on account of the great abundance
of game and fish anil the immense crop of
u.rries (Utsalady means "iots of berries"),
and for the additional reasons that the tim
bered bluff that rose :*.-o or 400 feet above
the camu sheltered them from tue north
winds; the exposure lay fair to the genial
rays of the sun; beautiful springs of clear,
cold water broke out of the blnff, and all the
surroundings were choice according to tlie
tastes of the aborigines. The spriugs of
water undermined the foundations of the
bluff, and one lovely spring morning in
18C8, without warning and with the sudden
ness of an avalanche, millions of tons of
earth, rocks and giant forest trees slid
down and buried the village and killed
every soul. As tho steamers pass there
now on the various routes, tlie passengers
nre pointed to a subordinate bluff that
stands near the water; this bluff covers an
area of ten acres, the former site of the
village. If the reader should take a small
boat and land there liowill lind a great
number of .skeletons that have become ex
posed by the washing of the waves against
the shore. We are not aware that this sin
gular catastrophe has ever been recorded
in the history of this State, and with a
view to attracting the attention of the his
torian we chronicle the uvent here. Tho
entombing of a thousand living men, women
and children by such means has but seldom
occurred, and the event deserves ti place
alongside the entombing ot the living in
habitants of Pompeii and flercuhineum.
A MONTANA HAN'S UEGIiET.
Us Had a Good Chance to Shoot and
1.1.81 It.
Six men of us had come out of the mines
in Montana to take a train for the East, but
the train we iutcuded to take met with an
accident and was several hours late. The
station was a small one, the weather very
bad, and after awhile one of the party went
to the ageut. who was also the telegraph
operator, and asKed how long before we
might expect the train.
'"Dunuo," was the brief reply.
"You don't! Well, than, lind out!" ex
claimed the other.
"When ldo I'll lot you know."
"Oh, you will, eh? Xow, thon, you ask
Koseljurg if the train has loft there yet."
"I'll bu if ldo!"
One men out with his gun and was going
to shoot, but two or three of us drew him
away and talked to him and finally cooled
him i-ii. The most solid argument we ad
vanced was that if he killed the operator we
could get no news of the train and would bu
even worse oil than we were. This argu
ment was what decided him, ana five hours
later the train came along and we got
nboard. We were all seated together ana
had got a fair start when some one observed :
"That operator had a narrow escape."
"Yes; I meant to shoot him," replied the
man who had pulled his gun, " but these
gentlemen argued that in crso 1 did we
could not hear from the train at all."
" Thunder!" gasped a third. " Why, I'm
an old operator mysuif, and had you shot
him 1 was all ready to locate that train in
five minutes."
"Then may I bo teetotally kicked to death
by jackass rabbits!" groaned the would-be
slayer, and bu leaned back and nursed his
disappointment, and would not speak to
any of us for the next three hours.— N. Y.
bun.
A Kill!;'- Mime of W itcr.
"A King's share," says a Loudon paper,
"is to be sold by auction at the Mart this
afternoon. It is an unusual thing to come
to the hammer, but what is meant will be
easily guessed by speculators in water
works. King James' moiety in the New
Klver enterprise Is a matterof local London
history. It has long ago passed out of royal
hands, and so hus the £JOO a year for which
it was bartered by Charles I ou one of tho
many occasions wheu he was in need of
ready money. But the moiety of thirty-six
shares its sill called the King's, just as
that annual pavuient of £M> retains its cx
pressive name of "The King's Clogg." In
modern times royaUy would not be so ready
to part with a Kinifs share, for "one entire
and undivided share in the King's moiety
of the estates and interests in the New
River" is rightly described as "a valuable
freehold estate." Messrs. Edwin Fox and
Bousheld point out that ihe income In re
spect of this share for the half-year to
Christmas last was at the rate of £5812
per annum; and such felicitous pictures of
future prospects as only auctioneers can
draw nre sketched In the advertisements
for the benefit of probable investors.— Ex.
BURNED IN A BOX.
Awful Fate of a Little Son of
Michael Kirby.
It is seldom that a man is called upon to
bear such an ngonizing affliction as that
which befell Michael Kirby, a teamster,
living ut 10;t Castro street, yesterday. His
little four-and-a-half-year-old son was
burned to a crisp in his presence and he
was powerless to save the child from a
frightful death.
In the rear of the Kirby residence is a
stable, Where the teamster keeps his horses
and also stores hay and feed. Yesterday
afternoon about 1 o'clock two of Mr.
Kirbv'n children— John, aged 11 years, and
Charles Francis, aged -i l /> years— were play
ins in and around the stable. In some
manner they had become possessed of
matches, which they were- lighting for
amusement, not giving a thought to the In
tlammable nature of the hay around them.
There was also a large dry-goods ease
which Mr. Kirby had brought home on Sat
urday nicht, near by, and the children
fiually climbed inside of it. Then eleven
year old Johnnie ran to another part of the
yard for awhile, leaving his bruther iu the
box. In a few minutes Jolinnto heard
his brother scream, and on looking around
saw the stable and box ill a blaze.
He yelled for his lathe;- who rua hed out.
and not knowing one of tho children was in
the box, tried his best to save the stable
and its contents.
Johnnie dashed tip to the box, and reach
ing in tried to puli his brother out. In
doing .so his face aud arms were fearfully
burned.
It was then that the horrible truth burst
upon tho father and he made an effort to
save the body of the little ouo in the box at
least, for life was undoubtedly extinct. The
Humes had gaiued quite a headway aud a
neighbor hastened to turn in an alarm from
Box '■'■ii'2, at Fifteenth and Noe streets. With
the arrival of the department the lire was
so rm extinguished and the burned body of
little Charlie was taken out. The grief of
the parents over the awful late of their
little one was heartrending in the extreme
uud brought tears to the eyes of ull who
witnessed it.
Coroner Eaton was notified aud took
charge of tho remains, while a physician
looked after Johnnie's bums. The Kirbys
have three boys and two girls left iu their
family. The loss by the fire iu the way of
damage to property was slight.
TKLEGKAPHS OF THE WOULD.
The Number Own^d nud Oiiernted by
Ike Government*.
Sixty-one ptr cent of the telegraph lines
of the world are owned and operated by the
governments. Of the sum total of lines
those in the United States constitute more
than :'M per cent. Leaving this country out
of consideration, about 88 per cent of the
remainder is under the control of govern
ments; or, leaving the United States aud
Canada out, fnlly 9ft per cent is owned by
governments. There are at least 2,600,000
miles of wires in use in the world.
Tariffs vary greatly. In North America
the body of the niPssaae only is charged
for; in other countries the address, or
signature, or both are tollable. In the
United States the toll ranges from i!.j cents
to fcl for ten words, according to the dis
tance; Iu the Argentine Kepublic it is 40
cents for ten wo:ds. and -ii cents for each
additional ten words ; iu Denmark and in
Sweden and Norway, K).4 vents for ten
words, and 1.34 certs for each additional
word; in Ecuador, 20 cents for ten words;
in Egypt, 4*.u; cents for ten words; in Ger
many, 1.4 cent.- 1 per word, the minimum be
ing H cents per message; iu the United
Kingdom ti pence for twelve words; iu the
tape colonies, 1 shilling for ten Words, and
('• pence for each additional live words or
part thereof; in Guatemala, 28 cents
for teu words, exclusive of tho address;
iu ll ond ui us, 23 cents fur ten Spanish
words, and double that amount for English
words; in Italy, JO cents for 1"> words and
oue cent for each additional word; in
Japan, four cents per word, including the
address and signature; in Portugal, five
cents for the first word and one cent for
each additional word; in Bonmanla, LB6
cents per word; in Siam, from yj cents to
$3G5 per word; in Switzerland, oue-half
cent per word; in Turkey, two to fourcents
per word, aud in Venezuela -'0 cents for 13
words. Iu New Zealand messages are
classified as urgent, ordinary and delayed,
the rates being respectively two shillings,
one shilling and sixpence for leu words,
With a half- penny for each additional word.
In mileage, relative number of offices,
popular use oi the telegraph, and cost ot
sending a message we are not iu advance
of leading countries, and we are even be
hind some of the inferior ones. Within
the years IS7O-S r J tho increase in population
iu England has been 13 per cent, the in
crease In the number of letters carried 70
per cent, aud the increase In the Dumber of
telegrams 455 per cent. Iu the United
Staus iu the same time the increase in
population has been 50 per cent and the in
crease in the number of messages ;tSO per
cent. In the ratio of increase of messages
to increase of population the English have
beateu us three to one.— Broiisoii C. Kceler
iu June Forum.
31K. liUBLE'S WHEEL.
He Think* lie Inn (.. i 23 Knot* With
Oiie-lifih of Him Oniinnrv lower.
On the stocks at the west end of the Erie
bridgo in Newark is a new propeller, which
the projector thinks will revolutionize nav
igation in all countries. It is a twin-screw
propeller, 100 feet long and 20 feet beam,
with an unusually lone overhang astern,
high bow aud shallow draught. The
bout is beiug ooßStructed on plans
tuailu by M. K. Ruble and D. C. Jier
inird of Newark is doing the joiner work.
The frame ur.d planking is unusually strong,
for the boat is intended for sea-going excur
sions and is to be used by tbe Atlantic
Steamboat Company of Atlantic City in
Connection with the Pennsylvania Kaiiroad
Company's excursions. Mr. Kublu is the
inventor of a peculiar screw, which he has
used successfully ou thn Ohio Kiver, where
he began his experiments.
The screw consists of four blades firmly
riveted to a buoyant and air-tight cylinder
of boiler-iron having conical ends. Two of
these screws, each six feet In diameter, will
propel the new beat, 31r. Kublo thinks, at
the rato of twenty-three mile* an hour.
The peculiarity of this form of screw is
that it is not intended for total submer
gence, but will lie partly above the sur
face, one-half or two-thirds being sub
merged. The inventor says his wheel, run
ning iu this manner, will not churu, and
will movo with tho slightest degree of slip
while applying the full energy to be devel
opetl from a wheel of a given diameter
and doing it with one-fifth of the power
needed to run an ordinary screw. Two
seveuty-fiye-horse power Fogg high speed
engines will be used, taking bteaui from a
boiler of Mr. Ruble's . own designing, for
which he claims the greatest ellioiency with
the greatest economy.' Owners of steam
launches, tug-boats aud other screw-pro
pelled craft are watching the progress of
the work on the new boat, and waiting for
the trial which will take place ou the I'as
buh: next mouth.
31 r. KuDle is very confident and bays that
he has got beyoud tho experiicuntal stage,
having demonstrated to his own satisfac
tion the value of the wheel* on a steamboat
in the West. There he had the wheels
alongside amidships, and now he will place
them under the overhanging stern. Tbe
hollow hubs will bo calked tightly around
ti:« shafts so that no water cun get into
them.— N. Y. Sun.
Kenan In ll<» Old .1 ■„-■■.
Ernest Kenau, the religious historian and
critic, han cliarwiug quarters at the College
de France, of which he is rector. Uis
rooms are lit throughout with electric
light, conveyed from the college labora
tory, and they are furnished with both
taste and luxury. M. Kenan is getting
to be us stout as the typical medieval
abbot, and for the eumu reason love of
good cheer. Mine. Rcnau, a daughter, by
the way, of Ary Sehefter. the paiutcr, is a
remarkably good cook, and her pride is to
tk-klo Kenan's palate every dny wsth some
cunningly devised dish, Kenan has a
heavy sensual face, with not a little
of tue Jew in it, although he has
not a trace of Judaism in his blood. Eight
centuries of Jireton life lie behind him,
and he can to-day make out an honest,
irreproachable pedigree which few aris
tocrats could equal. The great man is
m '!■ jii.aiii- as ever MacauTay was. He
cannot bear to be interrupted wheu talking,
and it goes hard with him to patiently en
dure a contradiction. When he receives
guests at his weekly gatherings he holds
fnrih to them by the half hour. He is foud
of standing before the grate, and from that
position ho lays down the law upon any
thing and evorythiug. For ability to speak
learnedly and eloquently upon any subject
ho may be compared with Mr. Gladstone.—
Scottish Leader.
GIFTS FOR GUESTS.
A Practice That Hus Gained
Favor in Society.
Dainty and Acceptable Little Articles That
Are Attached to Menu
Cards.
"I don't know what society is coming to,"
said a lady whose entertainments are
among the social events of the season,
"hut has it ever struck you how mercenary
we are becoming in our very pleasures."
"I don't know that I catch your mean
ing," responded the one whom she ad
dressed, and who is one of The Call's
staff of special writers.
"Let me explain, theD," responded she.
"It often has been said that our young men
are very remiss in the performance of their
society duties; that they don't make their
calls, and as for acknowledging an ordi
nary invitation, they never think of it; of
course that is a sweeping assertion, but at
the same time I have known young men,
members of the first society, who have al
lowed a dinner call to go beyond the proper
limits for its performance, and, not to put
too fine a point of it, they have to use the
old phrase, 'like the beggars, eaten and
ran.' with never a backward glance toward
their hostess, by a call or any other ac
knowledgment.
"Now, as everybody knows there can be
nothing that is a greater breach of good
breeding than to neulect a dinner courtesy,
in any way, shape or manner. The fault
cannot be iu the hostess, it is in the aver
age young man of the present day; he sim
ply does not consider it worth his while to
bo courteous and polite in little things; and
so when it comes to something of real im
portance, because of the negligent habits
into which he has fallen, he makes what he
himself nould call a 'bad break.' More
than one lady of my acquaintance has
spoken with me upon the trouble it is to
secure enough dancing men as partners at
their dances. But 1 fear that 1 have wan
dered from my subject. I started in to tell
you how the present state of society fosters
mercenary motives. To be brief, I mean
the giving of prizes or presents to the
guests. To my mind it savors a good deal
of the prize cluouio business, and 1 do uot
like it.
"But if it's a progrcssivo euchre party
there must be prize?, the moro the better,
the costlier the more acceptable. People
expeet it, and are disappointed if none are
I rovided. It seems to me that all this is
introducing an undesirable element into our
social gatherings. 1 refer to the zest for
gambling which it must necessarily foster,
lint there, you needn't look alarmed, I don't
mean to branch oft into a lecture upon the
green table. Only I must confess that it is
not a pleataut sight for me lo see ladies so
engrossed in their game that they frown
down an attempt at conversation, and look
upon all their neighbors as just so many
chalices that stand between them and the
prizes.
" But at the same time I suppose we must
conform to present usage. The end is not
far to seek. It will not be so very long be
fore people of modeiate means will not bo
able to entertain, simply because they can
not compete with their richer associates in
the matter of giving gifts to their guests.
The truth is, we Americans are somewhat
fond of ostentation, and nothing delights
us moro than to throw open our houses to a
crowd of friends aud acquaintances, dazzle
them with the evidences of our wealth, and
send them home again with the conviction
that we have entertained them better thau
they coujd entertain us.
"But since we must give prizes, there are
any number of dainty and acceptable little
articles that could be placed among the list,
aud without being cheap, iu the sense of
undesirable, they are low enough in price
to be boiiKhl in such numbers nn to send the
guests awiiy as children leave a Christmas
tree party, with something for every one.
This idea is especially adapted for dinner
parties. Some hostesses, instead of spend
ing a small fortune upon the liornl decora
tions of the table, which, by the way, strike
me as being carried to n great excess uow
adays, or in corsage bouquets with expens
ive ribbons, prefer tu attach n small piece
of jewelry to the menu cards. For both
gentlemen and ladies the 'jab pins' are pop
ular."
"What are 'jab pins?' questioned her
listener.
"Perhaps yon do uot recognize them by
flint name. Well, they aro scarf-pins for
gentlemen and laee or bounot pins for la
dies. Of course you cau readily see from
what a variety of styles a purchaser may
select a dozen oi two as gifts. Then there
are the book-marks aud paper-cutters com
bined, iu silver plain or oxidiznd. These
designs nre very unique; scrolls, armorial
bearings and fancy designs are all in the
list. For a Freemason nothing could be
more appropriate than a tiny silver trowel.
In the center ol the blade a triangle is cut
so as to raise and form the clip that is to
hold the leaves when the device- is acting as
u book-mark.
"Another device that is very cute is the tiny
pencil-case. This appears as a parlor-match,
a horse-shoe or a teupeuny nail. Even a
scre>v-head is used as adissguise. Sometimes
a hostess, who wishes to devise a curious
diversion, wiil have some of these fancies
baked In a cake and discovered by the for
tunate possessors of the lucky slices. Then
them aro a host of other things. A tiny sil
ver case for court-plaster, a fan pin-cushion,
not an inch long, a stamp-box, in design
like a inail-bng or a square envelope, ivory
tablets, with silver outer leaves, and tiny
penditut pursos of linked silver, just the
size of a nickel in circumference, designed
as a car-fare holder, a swinging cycle, in
tended to be worn on the wrist as a rest for
a ball of worsted or n ball of yarn while a
lady is working with the magic crochet
hook or knittiug-ueerlles. Last of all are
the 'chippy boxes.' Now you never would
Imatdne what they are, so I will tell you at
once without keeping you on the rack.
They are simply gum-lioxes. That lets you
into another ' secret. Did you know that
ever so many of my 3*x are addicted to the
habit? 1 will not say anything nbout
it further thau that it has become so
recognized a hahit u to call for a dainty
little silver, gold-lined box to hold the wad
of gum wheu for any reason the chewer '
desires to abandon tho Vjuid' for a mo
ment.
"lint, you see, if any one wants to give
presents there are pleuty of presents that
one can give."
LIBERIA'S FIRST STEAMBOAT.
II VTns Formerly n Sui-nr-MIII, aud the
r. ■■•!'-. ■ Are IlaTinj* Fun AVlth li.
The bark Liberia arrived in port recently,
thirty-four days out from Sierra Leone. E.
T. Page, her captain, came across tho
United States man-of-war Ponsacola off
Sierra Leone. Jle was the guest of Pay
master liliss on the Pensacola, nnd was
present in Sierra Leone wheu the
SOllpse astronomers captured the town.
The antics of tho eclipse party about the
English church in Sierra Leone nre still
tuwu talk there. Never was there such a
numherof cameras tnunod before on one
inoliensive little church, it is said, as there
was on this one in Sierra Lbonc. After
taking photographs of every colored per
son in Sierra Leone, aud having got her
supply of coal, the l'cnsucola started dowu
the coast.
Captain Page says that the Liberians,
after being forty-four vears building uu
their Government to top notch, only re
cently started in the steamboat business.
They have Inuuched the Grand Kepublic,
which is quite unlike the steamer known
here by that name. It was once a sugar
iiiill, aud the engine that ground the sugar
now moves the boat. It propels two wheels,
each of which has four puddles. There
were fireworks and a torchlight procession
upon the occasion of the nrst departure
of the Grand Kepublic up the St.
Paul River. It goes up liiteeu miles
one day ana returns the next.
Getting the Grand Kepublic up to her
wharf, Captain Page says, is an awful job,
and sometimes requires the united services
of the colored male population of the to"wu
oil' which the boat lius.
The Norwegian man-of-war Alida re
centiy arrived in Liberia aud tired a salute
of twenty-one uuus. The Liuuriau Pres
ident, Hilary Johnson, not to be outdoue iu
etiquette, scoured .Monrovia, the Liberian
capital, for a Norwegian Hug. lie found
one iu the Norwegian Cousulatu and
borrowed it for half an hour.
When the flag was ready for unfurling
some one called attention to the fact that it
was the Norwegian Consular Hag and not
the naval llae, which has pieces chopped
out of its outer edge. President Johuson
with a knife cut the flag into shape, and
then assisted in llyiug it The uyiug
of the flag, tough job as it was,
v. as nothing coinuured to the firing
of the salute from the Liberiau fort.
When the government was founded and
the fort built, twenty-one guns were
placed upon it. But the masonry had not
grown stronger with age, so the twenty-one
guns had fallen in the mud. Two of thorn
were fished out and one placed in the
crotch ol a couoauut tree and the other held
up bettyeen two boards. It whs an awlul
job to fire the salute of twenty-one guus iu
return, but President Johnson, Captain
Page says, stood by aud vowed that
the Norwegian man-of-war would be
honored or he would know why. Instead
of half an hour it was three and a lull
hours before the flag was returned to the
Norwegian Consul. He refused to Rccept
it then, saying that it had been ruined, lie
tried to get the Liberian Government to
buy him a new flag, but the tasic was such
a difficult one that he finally compromised
upon repairing the old one.
A Dumber of returning emigrants came
iu the Liberia.— N. Y. Sun.
ARTISTICALLY FOLDED NAPKINS.
Studle* In I'nnmsk hnve lukeo the Dace
of Fancy Work.
You can't guess what new handiwork so
ciety is playiug with.
Needlework is out of date, painting and
spatter-work have lost their cbariu, aud
knitting never was a fashionable waste of
time. The cheapness at whi h the apparatus
for amateur photography can be procured
has "commonized" that art; poker work
is not generally admired, and aside from
the hard work aud scientific skill necessary
to niake a good tennis player, the sport i3
limited to youth aud beauty. Hence the
need for a new device to occupy pretty
hands and displny delicately molded wrists
and beautiful jewels.
For the nouce the gay world is folding
table napkins. The snowy drnpery is sent
upstairs in the silver basket to mudame and
mademoiselle, who proceed to transform
the cedar-scented linen into Mikado fans,
lieur de lis Cardinal's hat, poissouiere, Nea
politan buckles, amaranth, orchid, nautilus
or pole de Barbiere. These are popular
forms, and then there is a more diffieult
series, including a pagodn, Cinderella's
slipper, the Oxford, Cambridge and Carlton
tower; historical crosses, the iris, swan
and peacock, and Ihe crest of a half-dozen
principalities. It must not be supposed
that these napery designs nre originated.
On the contrary they are the re
sult of long and close study from
imported paper patterns. The mod
els are done in antique paper and
the creases so well pressed that it is quite
an easy matter to restore the design after
opening. Thnse ornate faucies are arrauged
iu the flat, never in a tumbler, placed on
the cloth between the knives and forks, and
in the petals or fclds the boutonniere, the
flower pin and frequently the fingur-roll,
now so fashionable, are inserted.— N. Y.
World.
THE tKGLISH 15 Fi-.IiSIA.
Runsln Uiicmy Over lirltiah Progress In
the Shah's Domains.
The Kussian press is arousing to the fact
that English interests are making great
progress in Persia. The Moscow Gazette
says: "Yahya Khan, who, as Minister of
Foreign Affairs, five years ago was regarded
as a friend of Russia, is now as Minister of
Commerce a zealous friend of the English.
A short time ngo lie received from theShah
an oflieial firman granting him conces
sions for the laying of a road between
Teheran aud one of the towns on the Kiver
Karun for the tobacco monopoly, aud for
Ihu establishment of telephone communica
tijn in the capital. The Minister has now
ceded his rights with regard to the making
of the road and tobacco monopoly to
the English. It will be asked what
right has the Persian Minister to
givu up such privileges to the En
glish without the Shah's permission; but
it is clear as daylight that he had not re
ceived tins permission, and that the conces
sions were granted iu his name only to
uiake the thing appear less suspicious. But
this is by no means all. At the present
time negotiations are going ou to hand over
the. mint to the English, as well as to
ler.se the Custom-house to them. The lliv
er Karun, the bank, the mlues, the roads,
the tobacco monopoly, are all in Engiish
hands, so that, without exaggerating, it
may be said that England, Kussia's irrecon
cilable en e my, has obtaiuedpossessiou of
Persia's best treasures. We llussians have
not oue privilege, except access to the un
important Kusi'li Hay, on the Caspian Sea,
and this cau be of no use to us, as no road
exists from Pirabuza to Kasbin. Before the
Persian authorities ian eutertaiu the idea
of building a road from Meshed to our fron
tier, that from Teheran to the Karun will
be long sinco finished."
FAKALYZINtt EVAKTS.
11 Y»u'll Want Fjtvon of Me. bun't Come
to Me for Them."
"Well, what do you want?"
"I am the Washington correspondent of
the New York . Will you please give
me abstracts of the three bills which you
introduced to-day?"
"I am too busy [wearily]. Head them and
find out for yourself."
" But, Senator, if I should read them 1
wouldn't know any more about them than
1 do now."
"I'm not to blame for that. I haven't
time to explain to you."
The Senator resumed his correspondence.
The correspondent not mad.
"Senator Evarts!" This was uttered so
peremptorily that Mr. Evarts looked up iu
sun rise.
"Senator Evarts, I want you to know
that 1 tun the Washington correspondent of
the New York . You will want favors
of me before long. Don't you come to me
for them, for you won't get them. 1 warn
ycu now."
With that terrible denunciation the irate
correspondent strode oil. As soon as Sen
ator Evnrts could get over his surprise the
comicality of the thing overcame him and
he enjoyed a hearty htugti. At many din
ners since then he has convulsed the com
pany by descrioing the scene.— N. Y. Star.
i:» l)r(r'ta.
Two men sat on a bench in Union square
to enjoy a rest and sunshine — one at eithel
end of the bench. Ono was apparently
wull fed and well to do. The other had ap
parently staked his all ami gone down with
the ciash. Foi the first five minutes not a
word was spoken. Then the hard-up man
ventured the nliservatien:
" Fine day."
The other nodded. About five minutes
later hard-up remarked:
"Foliage coming out."
A second nod. The interval was only
three minutes this time, wheu the speaker
inquired:
"Think you could rash a check fot me?"
A third nod. It was exactly a minute
aud a half before he continued:
"It would be a great favor."
The other ninn ptU liis hand into his
pocket, but let it remain. The hard-up
man was now breathing in an excited man
ner, but he held himself hack for City
seconds before he said:
"It's a small check— one for a quarter."
The other extended a quarter in his lin
gers aud looked up to say : "".fight have had
it fifteen minutes ago."
"liut 1 was afraid of working you too
fast. I've been over in Jersey for threo
monthi and they took all the hustle out of
me there. Why, sir, I cot so at last that
I'd get to a house at midnight and wait for
the farmer to get up in the morning to ask
him if I might sleep under his straw-stack
the coining night. At on« place they were
three weeks sending me to j.iil for five days
and it took mo two days to make up my
mind to break out and two more to die
through the wall. I'll soon b« all right
again. By next week I'll be able to ask
you for a dollar without losing ten seconds'
time."— N. Y. Sun.
iln Kent V.m Molike.
Genera] d'llautpoul, of whose death we
nre informed by our Paris correspondent,
was once pitted against Count vou Jloltke,
and beat him. General, then Captain
d'llautpoul, was then, in Louis Philippe's
time, the head of Ibrahim Pasha's staff.
He was also aide-de-camp to Sohman
Pasha. Count von Moltke was the virtual
commander of the Turkish army at NeziD,
as was Geueral d'llautpoul of the K:vpi i.ni
army, of which Ibrahim was the nominal
chief. The Turks were routed, owing
to the skill and foresight of Cap
taiu d'llautDoul iii oceupying as he
did the positions dominating the road to
Aleppo. The intervention of Europe alone
saved Constantinople) from being entered
by the Egyptian army after the defeat of
the Turks at Nezib. General d'llautpoul
was sent by <!oneral Trochu to Versailles
in 1871 to negotiate an armistice, and met
there his old foe, Moltke, but refused to
sign until informed about Bourbaki's army.
Geueral Valdeu then took his place and
signed, and Bourbaki, to avoid being cap
tured, was forced to retreat in has'.e into
Switzerland. General d'Hautpoul was the
last of the Fronch military meu who helped
to build Meheiuet Ali's Egyptian army on a
European model.— London Times.
A Vacsncj nc Notre Dfimn.
The historical pulpit of the Notre Dnme
will, writes the London Chronicle corre
spondent, be vacant at the beginning of
next month. The eloquent Pere Monsabre
will on Easter morning close his career of
brilliant mat. ny, which has lasted seventeen
years aud has extended over the whole
theory of dogmatic, theology. Tho suc
cessor of Monsubre will have to bo ap
pointed almost immediately in order to give
the preacher time to prepare the Advent
course. Several names are already men
tioned us likely to take up the onerous
legacy left by Ravignan, Lacordaire, and
other glorious occupants of this tribune of
sacred eloquence. Among these is Pere
Didon, the author of "A Life of Chiist,"
and a Dominican monk with strong liberal
views. The appointment is in the gift of
the Archbishop of Paris.
A I'nz/.lfr.
Little Girl (I)e Fashion Flat)— ls that my
new brother? Ain't he cute? Did the
angels bring him?
Mam ma Yes, my dear.
Little Ulrl — Did they have flaming
swords?
Mamma— No. Why?
Little Girl— l don't see how they got past
the janitor.— N. Y. Weekly.
RAISING U-NiU>S IN Bi-.KMUUA.
Bow the NitiTen f'r<>ceei! ti> Get Their
Small l!e<!g Into I'rime Condition.
The makinß of a Bermuda onion-bed is a
work that requires vnst ainnuut of time
and calculation, says a correspondent of
the New York Times. There was a lot
about 200 feet square on the outskirts of
Hamilton, inclosed with a high stone wall,
so near the hotel that I saw it every day
and bad an excellent chance to watch tho
operation of cultivating it. The soil was
dark and rich, smooth and friable, as most
of the tillable soil in Bermuda is. Three
men, all colored, went to work at that lot
the last week in January and began the
preliminary work toward making an onion
bed. They paced it off from uorth
to south, east to west; measured -it
with poles, paced it off again, then lay
down under a tree to rest. This measuring
and resting took soveral days. \\ hen they
were sure of the exact »i/.e they brought in
a horse and plow ami began to turn over
the soil, one man driving the horse, an
other holding the plow, while the third
rested under a tree. After two or three
furrows were made there was evidently a
difference of opinion as to whether the lot
should be plowed up and down or across.
There was au earnest conversation, a vast
amount of pointing nnd gesticulating and
the horse and plow were tnken away. The
next day the plowing began again, and after
three days of what in Bermuda is called
labor, the lot was plowed. Such exertion
of course demanded a period of rest, and
alter the iap-e of one day the three men re
appeared, armed with hoes and rakes, and
began to "smooth down" the soil. This is
woik that tlie Bermuda darky must delight
in. lie must first determine where to begin,
and that requires some hours of delibera
tion. Tneu, having made up his mind, he
attacks one corner witti a hoe, and strikes
several effective blows. A carringe drive3
past uad he stops aad leans upon the hoe
haudl» till it is out of sight. Two
or three more blows and he eoes
slowly off to a distant part of the
lot for a drink of water. On bis re
turn to work ne breaks two or three more
clods, finds a little stone or a bit of broken
glass that attracts his attention, picks it up
and carries it to one of his fellow-workmen
to get his opinion of it. Keturns to work,
breaks a few more clods, and by this time
is to fatigued tliut he has to strricli out
under a tree and rest. It is only, of course,
while h« is under the boss' eye that he ex
erts himself iu this way. When the boss
is absent the darky is asleep under the
tree, lie gets 4 English shillings a day for
this business, and does not earn one.
Although the Bermuda darky is better edu
cated and generally more civilized than his
brother iu the West Indies, he is just as
lazy and just as thoroughly worthless.
At Hit- end of two weeks the lot wa3
plowed and raked down to a proper smooth
ness. Then followed a period of inactivity,
pei haps to let the soil recover from its uu
wmitt-d exertion. After a lapse of three or
four days the men apteared ugi.in and re
peated their former pacing oft and measur
ing, alternating this with siestas uuder the
tree, and heated arguments about whether
the beds should run lengthwise or across.
This important matter took days of
deliberation, and at length the beds
were marked out. Ihen came putting
out the "sets," fur in Bermuda
tiie onion seed is sown in the
open ground and allowed to grow until the
bultis tire as larga as the end of a small
linger, the plants then being transplanted
to long beds of six straight rows each, with
narrow walks between. It took more than
a week to put rut the sets, aud February
was ulmost gone before the garden was
ilauted. Those three men were at work at
it for four weeks, doing what one good
American gardener would have done in four
days. This was a good example of "cheap",
colored labor. Three men at 61 a day
each, twenty-four days, 87- ; an American
gardener at $_' a day, four days, SB. The
owner of that lot would be iruhtened
to pay a laborer S2 a day, but he was
really paying his men at the rate of nearly
610 a day each, considering tbe work they
did. lint when the men went home to rest
alter their arduous toil, nature began her
work — and it is a sood thing for Bermuda
that nature is not us lazy as the darkies.
For two or three iiays the tops of the little
onions were wilted and brown, and it was
hard to sec that anything was planted at
all. But they began to pick up. There
came a warm raiu and sunshine, and more
warm shower*, aud at the end of a week
the onion-beds were as green as they could
be with us in a month. All the weeds that
bhow themselves are carefully pulled out
by hand, frequently by women aud chil
dren, aud the soil Is loosened with narrow
spading-forks with long handles. The Ber
muda onions never looked better iu Mnreli
than they do now, and there is every pros
pect of au abundant crop.
DIVOKCti LAWS.
The I.iiTi or Vnrious States in Regard to
Kemnrringe.
There are no restrictions upon remarriage
of divorced persons in Connecticut, Ken
tucky, Illinois and Minnesota. Eitberparty
may remarry, but defendant must wait two
years and obtain permission from the court
in Massachusetts. The degiee of the court
may restrain the guilty party from marrying
in Virginia. Parties cannot remarry uutii
after two years, except by permission of the
court, in Maine, lu the State of New York
the I'la'.utm may remarry, but the de
fendant cannot do so during the plaintiff's
lifetime, unles3 the decree be modified
or proof that five yeais have elapsed
and that complainant has married
again and defendant's conduct has
beeu uuilunuly good. Any violation of
tliis is punished as bigamy, even though the
other party has beeu married. In Dela
ware, l'enn sylvan in and Tennessee, no
wife ur husband divorced for violation of
the marriage vow can marry the particeps
criininis during the life of the former hus
band or wiff, nor in Louisiana at any time;
such marriage in Louisiana renders the
person divorced guilty of bigamy.—rhila
delphi.i Times.
One Woinnn'9 Wrongs.
Mrs. Smallpurse (vvlio found ouly a few
dunes in her husband's pockets that morn
ing)—l am jtist sick of lliis plodding along
year aiter year. Wliy don't you do some
tbiog to make money?
Air. Sinallpufse— l can't make any more
than a living at uiy business, no matter
how hard I work.
Airs, hmnilrnirse— Then do something
else. Invent something. Any American
can invent.
Air. .Siuallpurne (some months after)— My
dear, I've hit it, aud I've sot .i patent. Jly
fortune is made.
Airs. Kinallpurse (di-light-il)— lsn't that
grand! What did you invent?
Air. Smallpurse — I've invented a barbed
wire safety-pocket for Lusbmids.
"TlieCnirg" l'i ininn Dictiounries,
The Call, has received another consign
ment of the "Allen" edition of Webster's
Unabridged Dictionary, which is being for
warded as rapidly as "posiible to subscrib
ers whose orders are on file. These book?
tire substantially bound in leather, beauti
fully embossed, and in quality of paper
and excellence of workmanship are a per
fect marvel, •
The Colusa Canning Company lias bean
forced to adopt a Den label owing to an
Eastern firm stealing its first one.
Now Use Flatt's Chlorides
Tlie household <li«lnfectaiit. •
The Grass Valley Telegraph has donned
a new dress and is now one of the neatest
looking papers in the State.
—^A dirty house creates a sjTife.
beVwccrt the good man ftnti his w3Je£—
fib S6CU£6j s.o&p Try Ihi K^
& solid q^ke ofscD^rinl s.o&p Try Il'-ffe3 i
SAPOLIO reduces laJoor bv^conqUersyJ
dfrhand mAries home bTightKrrd-hakpgjaSu^
A complete wreck of domestic happiness has often resulted from
badly washed dishes, from an unclean kitchen, or from trifles which
eecmed light as air. ' But by these things a man often judges of hia
wife's devotion to her family, and charges her with general neglect ■
when he finds her careless In these particulars. . Many a homo owes a
large part of ; its thrift/ neatness and its consequent happiness to
BAI>OIiIO. /
> . . ncr>OOrttf ' '■
B| In consequence of IrnitationsofLEA&PEUliCCS' SAuCETwliich are
{Si ed to deceive the p-j!>lic, LEA & PERRINS beg to draw attention to the fact
Bdj that each bottle of the Original and Ocnuino
J| WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE
Jgi \$A bears their Signature thus —
B*&n2j| For Sale in Bottles only (not in rmlk\ by Pealers in Panera thron^iont the Worid.
«fcaSP JOHN D'UNCAN'S..SONS, NEW YORK.
AUCTION SALES.
SPECIAL AUCTION SUE
REAL ESTATE!
THIS DAY.
i MONDAY JUNE 10, 1890
At noon, at Salesroom of
O'FARRELL & LANG,
11 Montgomery Street.
KlPeant Western Addition Cottage.
Sunny 9.de of Page St., 1018, bet. Devlsadero and
Broderlck; bouse ouly three years old. bulit In tbe
meat modern style throughout: parlor*, dlniug-
room, bath-room, kitcnen and sunny bed-rooms,
making 7 rooms In all; high basement; lot 25x
137:B; terms cash ; caa arrange for uiii'-tuLf cash if
desired.
l | .-.n!i:r,i,l,ii«v. SlOfl ISu»h Street.
Sunny side of street; bay-window rront; double
parlors; large dining-room, very handsomely walns-
cuted; eleiMitt niatel; kitftieii anil laundry: b.tth-
room: 4 sunny .ind eaptclooa chambers: hljih urine
foundation; wine-room; large attic with one fur-
nished room; Urice lot. 9c7xlOOi tern's, one-half
cash, balance at 7 per cent Interest, llank sale—
luust be suid to close the account.
Six Park Knad llealdence 1 ots.
A good speculation : a safe invesimeut of clezant
residence site, coniiuanditif; one or the llncst views
io the city: ouly 4 olockh Iroiu Hafcht-st. cable an<J
3 blocks from the proposed SlxteentL-stieet cable:
six lar^e lots naered as s wbule; terms, one-half
cash ; balance at 7 per cent iutere-it.
Two Modrrn Western Addition Homes.
Sacramento st, sunny side. 2H14 and 2916. to be
■old urately; each house contains 7 rooms, bath
in. <l laundry; blgti brick foundation; brick bulk-
heri'l bouses only 'A years old: modern bay-window
front ami In the best portion or the Western Addi-
tion; each lot ) sxl*J7:>* 1 4 : terms, one-ball cash;
balance at 7 per ccut i>er annum.
Golden {.it. I'ark i. e>tiflf>iice Lota.
The cbotre.it residence site In this section of the
city; E. side of Lott st. ( bet. Ilayes-st. (cable) and
Fell; adjoining tbe panhandle of the park: street
work all complete: size 76xlOB:3: terms cash, above
au existing mortgage of *;-;SUO.
.>anHft Heights Kuilrting t,otn.
South side of (ir&tton St.. 161 :6 ft. K. of st.iuvai. ;
71:11x101 and 49: the elevation or this lot Is such
that it affords a view of Uoiden Uate I'arK. and ts
within 5 minutes' of all the nialn attractions la tho
Uoldeo Gate hark, such as children's playground,
music stand and conservatory; terms cash.
>intli-St. liivt-stnu-iit.
■\Y. side Of Mnth St., Nos. 5-.M-5-.i4 V?, bet. Bryant
and Itrannan: store and 3 rooms and Hat of 6 rooms:
the future of this property i> assured, as It Is in the
lieart of tbe city, only 7 blocks from the City Hall j
the property must be sold to close a sale of some
property recently bought in the country : tho lot Is
25x100; at an outlay of $ 15U0 this property would
render a handsome Income; terms cash; half can
remalu on mortgage at 7 per ceut.
Choice Corner Krsidence Lot
SW, cor. rage and itaker sit; surrounded by ele-
gant residences; the elevation Is 340 feet, cum-
manding a nnonmlO view of the city aud ovlt-
looklug the uoldeu Uate I>ark; 49:6x1U0.
. . . ,AI.V ...
Lot 87^X187:6, Adjoining on V»ee St.
This lot Is so situated that when improved your
residence would be surrounded l>y choice flower-
gardens; look at It and be convinced ; street work
all complete.
Golden Gate I*ark Ki-: »i« <- *«•(,.
Two lots on the K. line or llaker St., 60 feet N.
from Fell; the locat on of these lot* is beyond
doubt the choicest in the city for flue residences:
situated directly opposite the main entrauce to tbo
Uoiden Gate Park, tney enjoy au unobstructed view
of that ever-moving aud constantly changing pro-
cession of fine horses and handsome equipages
going to and from the park, affording much pleasure
and recreation To those who iray build; being on
the u.t, the buildings will receive the sun In very
room, while the proximity of the lluyev Oak, Ellis,
Hal^-IH and McAllister cable lines renders It of very
easy access from every part of the city for 1 fare:
lots 2SxIUO each: terms oue-hnU cash, Oalauce at 7
per ceut per auiium.
Two Choice IStliliiinc I. '>(■*.
Sunny side Fnlton St., bet. Scott and Devlsadero:
these lots have all the street work complete;
sewered and cro*s-!>ewereU au«l curbed : rearly to
build upon; flats at a cost of $5500 per building
would readily rent at STO per month; terms one-
balf cash, balance at 7 per ceut per annum.
Mc.\llister-St. Building Lots.
McAllister tt.. KB. cor. or Stelner: lota ; large
corner, 34x87 :b'; 2 lots ail Joining, 'J7;bxB7:u'; street
work complete; paved with bituminous rock; »
choice site or solid Investment for flats, as the
neighborhood Is exceptionally choice for renting
purposes; the contract lor opening Melner on
the easterly line of Alamo square, has been let and '
work will soon be commenced; tbe above property '
Is opposite Alamo B<|uare; terms cash, or can ar-
range to let BO per cent remain on mortgage at 7
percent.
A«r For further particulars apply to
\j;i.i it Sc LANG.
ThSaSnMo 4t II Montgomery St.
AUCTION SALE OF FURNITURE
AND 690 YARDS NEWJEUSSELS CARPETS.
M. J. SIMMONS. AUCTIONEER,
tVILL SKLL TJIIS DAT,
Monday, .1 mu; 16th, at 1 1 < 'clock A. M., at
10.-.7 and I 0.V.1 Market Street,
By order of MliS. U. W. SHALL, allot the t'ARLOR,
JtKD AND nl.MNli ROOM FURMTUKE: ROHK-
WOOD PIANO: KKKSCII-I'I.AI.TK MANTEL MIK
KORS: OIL PAINTINGS, ESGKAVI.NUB ANU OK-
>AMENTS; WALNUT WABDBOBKS: > 'YLINUKK
I>E.SK: CUIFFDMEKS; MAKItLE-TOi" (JKNTKR
IAULKS: SIIIEIHIAHUS: JKDKSXAL EXTEN-
SION TABLES; KTC.,
Formerly cor<talned In her residence, 315 Kills
St.. consisting in part of : Kosetvood Piano; Parlor
Beta; Parlur Chairs and LouiiKe-i: Walnut and Oak
Bedroom Sets; Spring and Hair Mattresses; I'lllows,
ltlanketsand other lieililihg; 601) yards of new hody
Brussels and Tapestry Carpets; Walnut Bedsteads
an<l I3ureaus; Bmagw; Etc.
M. J. SIMMONS. Auctioneer.
N. B.— The abore are the former coutcnti of 12
well-furnlshed rooms. jc!s 2t
WILLIAM BUTTERFIELD & CO.,
REAL ESTATE AND GENEKAL AUCTIONEERS.
omce aud Salesrooms— 4l2 Fine street,
Nevada Rank Building.
THIS DAY.
THIS DAT.
.■M.m.i i> Juue 18. 1890,'
At 11 o'clock a. h., on the premises,
1165 MISSION ST., NEAR EIGHTH,
....WE WILL SELL....
THE ELEGANT FDRNITURE OF RESIDENCE,'
...COMPBISINO. ...
Walnut-frame Parlor Suit, In crimson plush: Easy
and Reception Chairs; Pictures; Lace Ourtftlnsaud
Cornices; Marble-top and Library Tables; lied and
l'lain Lounges; Wulout Wardrobes: Uilt Pier and
Mantel Mirrors; two Cherry Chamber Suits: oue
■• Extra Fine," one Double and two Three-quarter
Antique Oak Chamber Suits; Clipper .Spring and
Halt-top Mattresses: Blankets; Feather rillows;
it"'ly I^rnsseis Bordered and Tapestry CarpeU; An-
tique Oak sideboard ; Oak Extension Table; IKnln -
Chairs: Silver-plated Ware: Cutlery; Glass and
China Ware; No. 8 Range, with water-back ; Kitchen-
Utensils; Etc.
Jl5 2t WILLIAM 11DTTERF1ELD. Anctlnnerr;
YOUTHS', CHILDREN'S AND EOYS'
CLOTHING!
SALE COMMENCES JUNE 14th.
250
Cases Ymv ou the Way from CLica*o.
M.J. FLAVIN CO.,
- 924 to -928 Market Slrat, -
THKOFGH TO KITJS.
]ell 3t SaMuT u ■■ ; -:^
Xhe\Mbrmon Elders' Book
■ on S^Cil strcnjrth. ir»!:«! freT to iJirrird
HUM, ad£*g V. B. Cronoh. «Vi dnu»t SU. Ne? York
my7 WeFrMo*\Vy 6m
7

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